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airtem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtem or dil.ie/2422
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airthema, airthem, airtim, artemu

n o, m. (? cf. Sprache xliv 43 ) (but cf. g s. airthema, LL 12540 ). Also airthem. n p. airtim, Sc.M² 23 . a p. artemu, ZCP xviii 297.7 . Name of a measure of length , (according to glossators the fist with thumb extended): a.¤ .i. feardorn ut est . . . airdide in t-a.¤ uasa .i. in feardorn, O'Dav. 129 . naoi nduirn a fot, a.¤ [a] leithe (of a joint of meat), Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ). a.¤ .i. airdiu de indem a eimh fair, in ordu as a chinn suas anairde, 240.1 Comm. ro erigh a lon laoich . . . comba sithremightir airtimh n-óglaigh, TBC St. 2328 (airnem v.l. see note). dodechatar a dí ṡúil asa chind combat sith[ith]ir artemh fria chenn anechtair, TTr.² 1475 . fot n-airthim os chind ind ḟir, RC xxii 398.10 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo et .vii. n-artim eter a da ṡúil, Ériu iv 26.9 ( LL 12483 ) = vii n-ardaim, BB 247a45 . secht n-artim fo thrí tadbain / gulban cach óen-eóin angbaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.25 . Perh. wrongly in: a cur ar muir . . . ┐ airtim tri ndornn ina laim do dichur aithite in aedhair, O'Curry 2250 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)b ) = geann orda tri ndornn, Ériu xi 98.22 . in biail innraic, a.¤ fod a genned, 884 ( H 3.18, 395b ). Note also: ro buí airther láime din claideb tri trúaill anechtair, in t-arther láimi sin . . . (airth—, arth—, MS), BDD² 1004 (ed. suggests reading airtem).

airther

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airther or dil.ie/2432
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirthear

n o, [n.] (see GOI § 266 ; n. gender may survive in forms cited under II below). Later m. oirthear m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

I

(a) front part: in n-a.¤ in tigi, BDD² 1006 . i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . i n-airthiur ḟoitsi, 590 . ar-sesatar cornairi āraith cuslennaich airthiur `the horn-blowers . . . sat in the front part of the house', Ériu xix 83 § 14 . langp[h]etir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-arthir biis . . . aurchomal . . . itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm. Y 812 = iter di chois chind, LB. i n-airthiur a chind, TBC-LL¹ 257 . iar nairthur `in front', Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ). [i]ar n-airrter, Lism. L. 2221 . míl . . . airrter eich lé `horse's mane', 2217 . Perh. mistake for airtem in: ro buí a.¤ (airth— MS.) láime din claideb fria trúaill anechtair, BDD² 1004 .

(b) the east: dí gréin airthir Liffi, Fél. Dec. 9 . fir oirthir Midi the men of eastern M., Trip.² 843 . lotar iar n-a.¤ do Ch. A. eastwards , 2855 . i n-oirther Bladhma, Sc.M² § 23 . o iarthur co airthiur, TBC-LL¹ 839 . adíu go a.¤ ṅ-hErend, 5705 . ó oirrther an domhain, Parrth. Anma 3774 . iter in muir nI. iar n-airthiur ┐ muir nE. ar n-iarthur, TTebe 2605 .

COMPDS. ¤-deiscert the south-east: ind airthiurd. na hEtaile, Trip.² 244 v.l. ¤-mag, Anecd. ii 2.1 (airmag v.l., Airne F. 28 ). ¤-thúaiscert the north-east: dá rind ága . . . airthirthuascirt in betha, LL 221a29 ( TTr. 296 ). -thúaiscertach: i nulinn airthirthuaiscertaig na Dési, Trip.² 2329 .

II Of time: isin maitin mana.¤ morning of the second day following, TBC-I¹ 3089 (or pass. of mandraid?). lotar īarnanairter do eill A. the next day but one, ZCP viii 106.25 . dochodur arna n-orther co M., Ann. Conn. 1230.4 (= tangadar arna mharuch, ALC). amárach atá m'féil ┐ a n-oirrcher féil na ban-óighe the day after tomorrow (of Maedóc Ferna and Brigit, whose obits fall on Jan. 31 and Feb. 1), BNnÉ 275 § 254 . sul bus tráthsa nach n-oirrther before this time comes again, SG 73.11 . do toirmisgeadh truagh an cion / le síol Néill ar n-a noirthear (`n-a.¤ dhiaidh sin arís', notes), DDána 86.10 . aniú ┐ a márach ┐ a noirrther, Luke xiii 33 . Note also: oirthear .i. tosach aoise an duine, TSh. 172 .

aiscedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiscedach or dil.ie/2473

 

adj o, ā (2 aiscid) open-handed, generous: abbair fris is ascedach fer fetsed, ZCP xi 86 § 41 (`freigebig (?)', p. 104 ). ni bat gárechtaig aiscedaig fergnúsi ocom urnaidm, LL 14281 . ro thairring . . . a claideam asa truaill taebguirm aisgedaig urbaga a athar `the warlike gift of his father', TTebe 974 .

anechtair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anechtair or dil.ie/3534

 

ind ( an + echtair, GOI § 483 ). Adv. from outside: ma do ti eiseart co treabaire lais a nechtair, Laws iv 128.11 (`der von auswärts zu seinem Land zurückkehrt', Bürgschaft 84 ). With idea of motion much reduced outside: amal tegdais foratochar deglí a.¤ ┐ is fás a inchrud ammedón, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.21 ). roghabhastair uime thairis sin amuigh a neachtair lúireach throm, ML 112.3 . In combination with prepp. fri . . . a.¤ : donaib naimtib bite frie a.¤ `to the enemies who are outside it (the tabernacle)', Ml. 40c15 . a mbaí C. fri les anechtar, Trip.² 1467 . ardrach forru fría tír anechtar, 2684 . ro buí airther láime din claideb fria trúaill a.¤ outside its sheath, BDD² 1005 . fria chend a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1268 . a leth i teinid ┐ a leth fri teinidh annechtair, Ériu xi 46.4 . unsea ra dún anair a.¤ , MU² 526 . foscichret i crandchor íarum. Fáicebthair Lugaid fris a.¤ `L. will be left out of the chance', RC xiii 444 § 24 . ni fil fri hiarraith a.¤ `something in addition to', Laws ii 170.8 . diablad do frisin re sin fil fris a.¤ `the time (during which) it has been taken away from him', v 248.32 Comm. di . . . a.¤ : robdar édghadha dia ccorpaibh aineachtair, AFM vi 1918.9 . for (ar) . . . a.¤ : tromluirech . . . for sidhe a.¤ `outside that', Stair Erc. 244 . Fig. cardes sliasta Medba air sin a.¤ and M.'s friendship as well, TBC-LL¹ 108 .

As quasi-adj. with substantives: ind oís anechtir `the outland folk', Wb. 16d12 . intan mbís rí a.¤ leis inna thúaith, Críth G. 561 . a fot fri dún . . . a fot anechtair on the side nearest the `dún', on the outside (of a rampart), 572 . athgabail ambui a.¤ , Laws v 260.y . in gilla turusa . . . .i. fer a.¤ foas aen aidchid lat, i 160.y Comm. ind óic annechtair donnáncatar, TBFr. 139 . flaith coṅgbála co slúagaib a.¤ , ZCP xi 86 § 44 .

See díanechtair.

1 ansae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ansae or dil.ie/3771
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ins(a)e, ins(a)e

(ass(a)e). Also ins(a)e, see GOI 544 . Always ins(a)e in Wb. in positive copula sentences, Thurn. ZCP i 5 .

I Adj. io, iā. Not used attrib. in O. Ir. Glosses.

(a) hard, difficult (to do): is insæ in ball do thinchosc neich asberad cenn, Wb. 13a19 . Frequ. in phr. is a.¤ do: nipa anse dúib mo intsamil, Wb. 19d18 . niba anse duit, 29d21 . amal nách nannse ṅdúib, 6d9 . is inse a ndímiccem, 4c2 . is inse ṅduit, 5b28 . ba inse dún epert gue, 14c29 . ni anse són, Ml. 45d20 . ba ansa dóib immthecht i tír, Trip.² 1525 . cid ansa don curp `if it is hard for the body', Mon. Tall. 149.22 (§ 60) . bá ansa damsa óenadaig / la demon co n-ír, LU 9441 . is andso (.i. is dolig) dam-sa ém a brethugud, 8777 . atá nech risnid andsa (.i. risnad dolig), 4004 ( SCC 45 ). is indsa don memor cachtad in cind, Laws iv 54.22 Comm. mo thaeb dess is mo tháeb clé / andsa mess for cechtar de, LL 9463 . dambad fherddi in cóiced a bith ace ra blíadain ni hindsa a bith ace it is not impracticable for him to have it, MU² 84 . Adv. ní géis co ansa do not make a difficult request, LU 3487 ( SCC 26 ). Of persons hard (to cope with), troublesome: dindí as na.¤ . . . á cenél sin `for that that nation is troublesome', Ml. 104a6 .

The phrase ní ha.¤ is commonly used to introduce an answer to a question in meaning well, as a matter of fact: cannas ro hainmniged? nī hannsa. Léna mac R. . . ., Sc.M² 23 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach ? ní anse: arindí crenas . . ., Críth G. 1 . ced ón, cía sút ? ní hannsa . . . Conchobar . . ., MU² 550 . cindus nodngebtar ? . . . ninsa, Mon. Tall. 140.27 (§ 33) . cait a mbi si . . . ninsa .i. ni handsa, Laws v 2.7 Comm.

(b) hard in sense of unpleasant, unfortunate, sad: an cádhus do chleacht idir / ionnsa a dhul a ndímhigin (of poetry), Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . ionnsa don truaill-se atá umainn / an lá fhuair-se urraim uain `bad for this body of mine the day I spared it', Dán Dé xix 3 . ionnsa saor-shlat gan a síol / sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac, a ógh `sad that branch robbed of its seed', xxvi 37 . mar tám is ionnsa lem aithghin `my state is hard for one like me', Studies 1919, 74 § 13 . innsa re n-áes cumtha cóir / . . . / a dal ar lúi mara móir, BNnÉ 97 § 3 . cid innsa oc Mongḟind though it be unpleasant for M., Ériu iv 96 § 20 .

(c) In attrib. use: in leó húathmar a.¤ formidable , BDD² 515 . laech ansa do dingbail a gasciud fon samail, LU 6205 (TBC). tír ṅdúaig . . . co n-ócaib ansib, TBFr. 386 . ruc mac n-annsa die muintir troublesome(?), Corm. Y 878 . dús in [n]dernsaid nach gním n-insa `evil deed', Celtica iv 20.240 . a Comgaill cáid annsa 'o dear holy Comgall' Éigse xiv 20 § 7 .

Compar. ansu, Ml. 85c14 ; 95d13 ; 131b4 (see Suppl.) gl. gravius, cf. 133a4 . ánsu de (andsati v.l.), Trip.² 2593 . iss andsu dúib ind naithir fail ocon dún, TBFr. 414 . ba handsu dó meic Nectain / do chur assa prímlepthaib, TBC-LL¹ 1479 . imraidset . . . nípád ansu C. acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5802 (TBC). andso dóib ma tát i péin / cen adrad Ríg roithes gréin things will be more difficult for them if they fail to . . ., LL 4167 . comtis annso a phiana oldas mar ata, Ériu ii 142 § 152 . gnim rob indsa dún, LB 116b46 .

Superl.: a n-as ansam diib (of difficulties), Wb. 10b1 . cid as andsam (.i. dolgi) lib ropridchastar in clerech, LU 9746 . inn é sin as andsam fil la Ultu hardest to deal with, 4837 . tene bas andsom lat dod loscud `the fire thou most dreadest to burn thee', Mon. Tall. 136.16 (§ 24) . andsum dire treibdire most difficult to assess or give a ruling on, Laws iii 458.12 . secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], v 290.17 . annsom i notrus . . . biatad ┐ tarrsunn `most difficult in nursing', BCrólige 24 . it e . . . ata andsam . . . oc sáigded, Alex. 504 . cid as andsom leat tucais? `what was hardest for thee to bring?', ZCP i 459.10 . ? Attrib. fer croda annsam chain . . ., TBC-I¹ 3169 . mac dorighne écht n-annsom, Cóir Anm.² ii 46 § 162 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: nacham tair olc na hindsa, LB 106b48 . luach é gan ionnsa, BNnÉ 204 § 49 . da indsa dec in domain abuses, Flower Cat. 489.3 . ní eadar gá ionnsa as mhó what greater difficulty(?), Dán Dé xxvi 28 . is cead liomsa a Dhé mo dhul / beag n-ionnsa é do eadar I know it is not difficult to say, xxv 17 . uch cid ro batar dam-sa / na ro ḟegsat ardinsa `great vexations', TFerbe 479 . Superl. used as subst.: dethfir itir in andsum ┐ in ecmacht: in t-annsum .i. is doiligh do neoch an fadbail, Laws v 222.7 Comm.

blogtha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blogtha or dil.ie/6174

 

io, iā part. of 1 blogaid: ro faccaib a[n] cloidem mbloghtha ina truaill `the broken sword', Grail 2949 . na mbruirigh blodhtha `into shattered fragments', Hugh Roe² 228.31 .

céir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céir or dil.ie/8485
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: céra, cíara, ciarach, chéir

n (Lat. cera? See Éigse xxxiii 71-74 . Cf. 1 cíar) f., IGT Decl. § 42 . g s. ¤e, céra, cíara, ciarach wax (somet. also of other malleable substances): cēir a cera , Corm. Y 254 . cera .i. ceir, ACL i 332.51 . haec cera c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 225 . iar n-aisṅdis dun cér (rectius chéir, edd.) `after speaking of the wax', Ml. 76b7 . cian ┐ ceir ┐ uull ┐ aball, Auraic. 982 . dia nderna donchríaid ch.¤ / comba rosc roglan roréil plaster(?) ( John ix 6 , 15), SR 7683 . ola ┐ cheir fo chomlés (of tapers), 4370 . ceir do legad na cluasaib, LL 198 . mac na cerda cosin c.¤ `let the potter's son take to the clay', Ériu ix 49.6 v.l. ( LL 18785 ). do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do c.¤ , CCath. 2144 . tapar cíara i n-a c[h]luasaib, Anecd. iii 1.18 . acht da nubhall chiara `two balls of wax', BNnÉ 92.25 . c.¤ ag tál le slatchoill slimfheoighe sap(?), DDána 83.17 . baladh céire, IGT Decl. ex. 1206 . mar táithtir truaill cuilg re c.¤ as sword scabbard is welded with wax, DDána 119.35 . bít ag imchar chéri as chopán, IGT Decl. ex. 101 . a comdhathadh do chíaraigh, 1175 . lasuidh c.¤ ghorm `a blue taper gives light' (notes), O'R. Poems 2543 . scribenn i ceir `writing in wax', Lism. L. 4050 . amail ciaro (sic) tré línanairte sicut cera per pannum (gloss.), Aisl. Tond. iv § 2 . imdēnomh cíera `a coating of wax', Fl. Earls 50.17 . ris an cciaraigh mbuig, Desid. 2590 . coinle ceire ┐ geire, Luc. Fid. 3252 . For phr. cúach cera (céra?) see 1 cir.

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

dítiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dítiu or dil.ie/16919
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: díten, dítin, díden, dítin, didin, díte, dítiu, d., Dítiu

n n, f. later díten (díden), o, m. (g s. dítin, Laws ii 10 ). díden m., IGT Decl. § 53 . Note also n s. dítin, Thes. ii 354 . LL 27b46 . didin, Aen. 1682 . d s. díte, Críth G. 54 . Vn. of 1 do-eim. covering, cover, shelter (this seems orig. meaning); hence in general covering, protecting, defence . Folld. by obj. gen. or DO or AR of person or thing covered or protected. dítiu gl. teges, Sg. 50b3 ; 66b8 (dítu). gl. velare, 57a5 . d.¤ medium tegmen domus, 107a3 . Pátraic . . . rop d.¤ (ditin, ditnid, v.l.) ar tróge, Fél. March 17 . robo dín ┐ d.¤ di ar feib ┐ diar n-indile, TBC-I¹ 535 . d.¤ della fri lummain, LL 193b40 . rob tu mo didiu (a prayer), Ériu ii 89 . d.¤ maic aslui ar athair, Laws v 390 . bid dídiu láedhi is leabhor a protection for songs and books, Anecd. ii 22 . ditein (leg. dítiu) broga mac Miled, AU 878 . rofaith mo dín mo d.¤ , AFM 906 (poem) = TFrag. 238 (dhítte). bid dítin do ar cech neim, Thes. ii 354 (Hy. vii pref.). didin tempaill is ed is latso ward of the temple, Aen. 1682 . sé Día ar ndídean, Psalms xlvi 1 . oc ditin do thuathe, Ml. 37c15 . dia ditin ar in pecthach, 57c4 . diar ndítin isind laithiu, SR 8280 . fóuair in Trói n-osclaicthe cen nech ocá dítin, TTr.² 155 . ocom ditin ar chonaib altaib, Imr. Brain ii 287 (reading of Laud). ní chuingem édaige derscaigthe acht dítin parrdusta do dín ar ḟéli the covering of Paradise, Alex. 888 . Cf. Anecd. v 4 . rogab a didin cneis imbe skin-covering (i.e. garb or armour), D IV 2, 72 ra 37 . ni obann ditan ar bās it refuses not shelter . . ., Laws iv 236 . oc díten na fírinni, SG 77.32 . ic ditean choicid Medba, Ériu ii 182 . bet-sa aga bur ndíden-sa ar gach nech, RC xix 146 . in bail a fuidbea diden for na Greco, Aen. 579 . rofácsat a longphort cen díden cen coiméd, CCath. 2390 . éideadh bocht Dé dod dhídean, DDána 99.15 . ag díden na cérde doghnathuigedair, 3 C 19, 253 va 3 . rapo doss díten . . . leo Conall a bush of shelter, a defence, CRR 36 . in dos diten, Cog. 188 . dos dítin, SG 35 . co rop sciath imdegla ┐ diten doib he for cech n-ingreim a shield of defence, PH 4176 . sgiath dítin, Aen. 775 . is tu ar sciath didin ┐ ar termonn, 3 B 22, 65b24 . geibus M. scíath díten dar éis fer nhErend covered the retreat of, TBC-LL¹ 6073 . 6078 , 6082 , 6094 . The phrase scíath díten is used in Auraic. of certain rhetorical devices for facilitating metre and rhyme: nāi scēith dīten co nduilgius | aincit uili ēcuibdhius, Auraic. 2059 . sceith ditin, 1990 . Cf. da locht dēg na hurlabra . . . dia nditensidhe cethri cenela fichet, 1944 . Also called gnúisi diten countenances of defence , 1978 . See 2 scíath. ós truaill dídin í dom anmain `shrine of my soul' (of the body), A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 5 . forus nditin a cattle-shelter, a pound , Laws ii 10 . buinne didin a roof , AFM ii 1022 . áit didin, Isaiah iv 6 . caithreacha dídin cities of refuge, Joshua xx 2 . cúil dhídin a place of refuge, Proverbs xiv 26 . In cheville: dítnib doss, LU 9842 .

In prep. phrase fo dítin folld. by gen. under the shelter, protection of: fo dítin Dé ┐ sin Fronséis, ZCP viii 111 . cumsanfus cach aen acaib fa dídin a craind dílis féin, 3 B 22, 11a26 . dochuaid fo diten cloindi Mailruanaid, Lec. 168b20 . ar dul fa didean Garailt, 167c30 . Cf. Ml. 38b5 : fo[t] dite-siu gl. sub tutione tua.

As n.pr. m. Dítiu, Mart. Don. Dec. 4 .

ecrus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ecrus or dil.ie/19644
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (ecor) arrangement , chiefly in phrase: i n-ecrus: cosmail fri cóelglais n-usci forsa taitni grían ┐ a treban úadi sis ┐ seche i n-ecrus (v.l. in-inechrus, in-inecras) iarna chúl...In cóel-glais...iss é brechtrad a claidib sin. in tseche i n-ecrus (i n n-inecras v.l.)...is í truaill a claidib insin, BDD 87 - 88 (`a hide arranged behind it' Stokes). scribtar a n-anman i ndulne, do ber[r] cach duilend inna ecrus im chrand ┐ dobertar na crunna i cailech for altoir `each leaf is arranged around a lot' (directions for casting lots) Cáin Ad. 46 . claideb ōrduirnd i n-ecrus sesta for a dib ṡliastaib, LU 122b 20 (= IT i 310.27 ) = i n-echraiss, ZCP iii 233.11 . claideb orduird i n-ecrus sésta for a ṡliastaib, LU 113b8 = c.o. enecruis (v.l. einechrus), Anecd. iii 50.12 . cloidmi co n-ecrus sēstæ foraib 'swords with dazzling fastenings (?)', BDC 106.43 . In: claideb co n-ecrasaib serrda for dib sliastaib sudigthi dond ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1821 , Wi. takes: co n-e. serrda as corrupt for: i n-e. sesta.

faigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faigen or dil.ie/21083

 

Forms: faigean, faigne, faighin

n f. (<Lat. vagina RC xii 465 ) faigean (f.); g s., n p. faigne, IGT, Decl. § 54 . A sheath, scabbard: faighin (gl. vagina) Ir. Gl. 157 . faighin a uaigina .i. on trúaill , Corm. Y 625 . fogen .i. a uagina .i. fo gen, O'Mulc. 559 . faighin dúalach agá díon (of a dagger), Studies 1926, 605 . mo mhionn sgine ... go bhfaidhinn dlúiththilte a ttéid, 1923, 599 . airget ar a faignib, Laws ii 146.17 .

Cf. conghmhaid failghe chumhdaigh cloch | urdail na faighne a bhfolach, Ó Héodhusa p. 4 .

Fig. of honeycomb (?): imdha a dairghe arda an fhedha | balga a faidhne mela ag maidhm, Irish Texts ii 71 § 24 .

fairsingid, fairsingigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairsingid, fairsingigid or dil.ie/21170
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ḟairséngadh, fairsingidhed

v g (fairsing) widens, enlarges: fairsingigh ... an chnedh gl. dilates vulnus O'Gr. Cat. 271.8 . truaill fa eas gur fairsenguibh (v.l. -aidh, -uid) IGT, Verbs ex. 832 . no chlaided na muru ┐ no fairsinged, LU 8932 ( FB 70 ). sec. fut. do ḟairséngadh sé ar an sluagh, IGT, Verbs ex. 573 . pass. pret. do fairsingidhed air ... an dorus curb ingnad a mét, Maund. 125 (do fairsingidh v.l.). With ellipse of obj. : éinteach ... aga chloinn | no gur fhairsingigh orainn till he made more room for us Dán Dé xxi 15 (= YBL 400b21 ). gu fairsingidhi in fīrDía ... romud in gach cumgach may ... open a way before thee ZCP vi 31.16 .

figthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. figthe or dil.ie/22063

 

adj io-iā (part. of figid) woven, intertwined, pleached, plaited: teach fichti (fithi, fithte v.l.) a house of pleached wattles BDD 6 . Cf. tech fithe, Ériu xi 44.25 . claideb ... hi truaill fichthi fithi findarcait (i.e. with an interlaced or intricate design ?) TBC-I¹ 2342 . coica claideb ... i truallib fichthib finnargit, TFerbe 36 . gormanart ... go stuagaib fíthi figthi findruini, TBC-LL¹ 5336 . dochuiredar a moing im gēsca ... ar is figthi robui (of Absolom) ZCP xiii 178.25 . cheangal d'obair ḟighthe of woven work Exodus xxviii 32 .

Cf. fíthe.

fíthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíthe or dil.ie/22245

 

adj io-iā (part. of fen— Cf. RC xl 356 § 246 ).

I Woven, plaited ; fenced: fíthe cerda (.i. dluthaim eladain) `weft of art' RC xxvi 20.51 . claideb ... hi truaill fichthi fithi findarcait (i.e. with an interlaced or intricate design ?) TBC-I¹ 2342 . cupa ḟíthe `chased cup' Studies 1927, 288 . gormanart ... go stuagaib fíthi figthi ... findruini (where stuag seems to mean `hook' or `loop') TBC-LL¹ 5336 . immu airícul fid fithi, IT iii 53.1 . i ngar bhfionncholl bhfíthe ` thickly-growing ' TD 41.11 . Of houses : a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, Laws v 316.9 Comm. cia ro cendaig duine ait cerdca no muillinn no thige fithi, O'Curry 226 - 227 (< H 3.18, 122 ). See also s.v. foslat. teach fichti (fithi, fithte vl.). forche, BDD 6 . tech fithe forchai, Ériu xi 44.25 . cf. loingthighe ... arna gcar d'fheadhach fhíthe `of woven branches' Ériu v 56z . See also under II. Of hair : tred chéibh ... bhf.¤ , Dánta Gr. 70.4 . Of eyelashes : ba mhór ṅfabhra bhf.¤ bhfliuch ... tuirseach, Ériu iv 62.17 . Of sheep (ref. to fleece ?) : don chrích ... na gcaorach bhf.¤ ; urra an treóid fh.¤ , Ir. Syll. Poetry 63 § 6 , § 9 .

II As subst. : tech n-inchis .uii. traighe ind. fithi ind co ruici fordorus. ete itir cach dara fithe co ruice clethe O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, 373b ).

See figthe.

fo-ácaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ácaib or dil.ie/22337

 

Forms: fácaibh, —facaib, foácbat, fuácbat, —facabtais, —farcab, —fácba, —farcba, —fargbaid, facbat, facbad, faicfedh, —fargbad, fáiceb, —fuicéb, fo-t-uigebsa, —fuiceba, —foigebat, —faicebat, —fóicebaind, —faicbed, faicfedh, fotrácbus, fosrácbus, forácbais, fáccab, facab, facib, —facab, fácaib, foracab, foragab, forácaib, —farcaib, foragabsat, facabar, —facabtha, —farcabtis, faicebthair, fáicebthair, —faicebthar, faicebtair, foracbadh, fotracbad, —farcbad, —ffarccabhtha, fagbaid, fácbait, fácb—, fácbaim, fágbhaim, fácbai, fácbait, facbait, facbaid, fácbais, fúic, fófácaib, fofacaib, fofacbad, fosfácbus, forfacbus, forfaccaib, forfhagoip, forfacbad, forḟacaibthi, farcbur, —farcbainn, fargbhais, fágbais, rofarcuibh, bfargaibsiot, fácb—, fác—, fág—, fác, fagainn, ḟactais, —fáicfe, faicfimmít, ḟác, fhacsat, facthair, fágthar, faicfiter, fuicfider, fác—, fo-ác-, forfacsam, fos-racsamar, foracsabair, foracsat, forracsat, barḟacsat, baracsat, farcb-, fargsat, farcsat, fágbhuim, fágbhae, fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann, fágmuid, fágbhar, ḟágbhuinn, faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed, —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh, fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, —ḟaeigfi, fáicfidi, faoigebtha, fúigfid, fúigfidhear, —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn, —fāgbhas, fágbhais, —fáguibh, —fágbais

v (fo-ad-gaib). Early forms: Imperat. 2 s. fácaibh, CCath. 1666 . Ind. pres. 3 s. —facaib, Ml. 102a20 . 114b16 . 3 pl. foácbat, BCr. 18b11 . fuácbat, Ml. 80a10 . imperf. 3 pl. —facabtais, LU 10560 . subj. pres. 1 s. (perf.) —farcab, LU 5674 . 2 sg. —fácba, 6068 . 3 s. (perf.) —farcba, Ériu iii 104 § 33 . 2 pl. (perf.) —fargbaid, LU 8387 . 3 pl. narom facbat , Gild. Lor. 16 . past subj. 3 s. no facbad , CCath. 392 v.l. (nó faicfedh , text). ( perf.) —fargbad, SR 2835 (: tarddad). fut. 1 s. fáiceb, LL 252a37 . —fuicéb, LU 5152 . fo-t-uigebsa, Trip. 176.3 (2047) . 3 s. —fuiceba, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 pl. —foigebat, Ml. 69a8 (for the -g- here cf. Ml. 95a12 ). —faicebat, LL 112a36 . sec. fut. 1 s. —fóicebaind, Trip. 244.5 ( = —foicébaind, 2879 ). 3 s. —faicbed, SR 4132 (cf. nó faicfedh , CCath. 392 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. fotrácbus, Wb. 31b1 . fosrácbus, LL 251b10 . 2 sg. forácbais, Trip. 176.2 ( = farácbais, 2046 ). 3 s. fáccab, Thes. ii 242.19 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). facab; facib, Thes. ii 240.14 ; 15 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). —facab, LU 10988 . fácaib, SR 6168 (possibly pres.). foracab, Ml. 37d10 . foragab, 30a9 . forácaib, Trip. 176.6 (2049) . —farcaib (—farggaib v.l.) Hy ii 10 . 3 pl. foragabsat, Ml. 95a12 . Pass. pres. s. facabar LU 4925. Laws ii 366.11 ( SM Facs. 41b1 ). subj. past s. —facabtha, TBC-I¹ 3595 . pl. (perf.) —farcabtis, Wb. 31d13 . fut. s. faicebthair, LL 303a17 ( Bor. 81 ). fáicebthair, LL 289b8 ( RC xiii 444x ). —faicebthar, TBC-I¹ 3594 . pl. faicebtair LL 302a8 ( Bor. 69 ). perf. s. foracbadh, Mon. Tall. § 71 . fotracbad, LL 147a5 . —farcbad, 286by 0 . TBC-I¹ 3594 . Cf. ruacbath, RC xxv 22.3 ; 227.1 . pl. —ffarccabhtha, AFM ii 846.10 . ro fagbaid , BB 445a51 ( = ro fácbait , Mer. Uil. 24 ). vn. fácbáil, —áil, q.v.

Mid. Ir. and later forms.

(1) Already early in Mid. Ir. the prototonic stem fácb— often takes the place of the deuterotonic forms ( pres. 1 s. fácbaim, LU 9217 . fágbhaim TSh. 5002 . 2 sg. fácbai, TBC-LL¹ 3473 . 3 pl. fácbait, LU 1547 . 8763 . facbait, SR 7655 ) and is treated as that of a simple vb., pres. 3 s. facbaid, SR 3687 . 3 s. pret. fácbais (see IGT below). Cf. fúic me meisi d'Feraibh Ceall, BNnÉ 174 .

(2) In deuterot. forms the f is often repeated. 3 s. pres. fófácaib, LU 5406 . fofacaib, SR 1201 . 3 pl. fofacbad, BDD 13 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfácbus, Metr. Dinds. i 42.66 . forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . 3 s. forfaccaib, Mon. Tall. § 47 . forfhagoip, Fl. Earls 1.2 (archaic). Pass. s. forfacbad, ACL iii 225.17 (Hy M). pl. forḟacaibthi, SR 1358 .

(3) Subj. and pret. prototonic forms with infixed -ro- are common: pres. subj. 1 s. da farcbur , LU 9932 . Past 1 s. (perf.) —farcbainn, Fianaig. 12 § 21 . 2 sg. cf. fargbhais .i. fágbais , O'Cl. 3 s. cu rofarcuibh , Marco P. 34 . pl. a bfargaibsiot , Leb. Gab.(i) i 14.19 .

(4) The stem fácb— is often replaced by fác— (fág—), both being freq. used side by side: 2 s. imp. fác, PH 1987 . past subj. 1 s. co fagainn , ZCP vi 55.20 . 3 pl. co ḟactais , LB 3b26 . fut. 3 s. —fáicfe, Cáin Ad. 19 . 1 pl. faicfimmít, TBC-LL¹ 4159 . 3 s. perf. ra ḟác , LL 227b42 . 232b20 ( TTr. 787 ; 1141 ). pl. ro fhacsat , Lism. L. 721 . pass. pres. s. facthair, LL 305a11 ( Bor. 123 ). fágthar, TSh. 4637 . fut. pl. faicfiter, LL 301b ( Bor. 67 ). fuicfider, Bor. 69 Lec. From fác— is formed the analogical deuterot. stem fo-ác-: perf. 1 pl. forfacsam, SR 1485 . fos-racsamar, LL 11b46 . 2 pl. foracsabair, LU 2397 . 3 pl. foracsat, AU 1056 . LL 134a13 . forracsat, LL 184b51 . barḟacsat ... baracsat , 261b34 , 37 . Similarly on the analogy of farcb- occur forms like: co fargsat , SR 6459 . co farcsat , TTr.² 1568 . IGT III § 85 gives: Ind. pres. 1 s. fágbhuim (abs. and conj.). 2 sg. fágbhae (abs. and conj.). 3 s. fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann. 1 pl. fágmuid (`cóir do chanamhain'). Subj. 1 s. fágbhar (abs. and conj.). imperf. ind. and subj. 1 s. do ḟágbhuinn . fut. 1 s. faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed. —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh (3 s. fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, Decl. ex. 49 ; —ḟaeigfi III ex. 890 ). Cf. 2 pl. fáicfidi, LU 4584 (H ; = faicebthai. TBC-LL¹ 291 , faoigebtha St). 3 pl. fúigfid, TSh. 953 . pass. fúigfidhear (rel.), TSh. 5509 ]. sec. fut. 1 s. —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn. pret.perf. 1 s. —fāgbhas. 2 sg. fágbhais. 3 s. —fáguibh, —fágbais.

I In general sense leaves (trans.) (a thing, place or person):

(a) gl. linquere Gild. Lor. 16 ; relinquere Wb. 31b1 . a rrig foragabsat dia náes their king whom they had left behind them Ml. 95a12 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis, TBFr. § 23 . trēide as dile lem forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . lucht na luinge foracabsat hi tír A., ZCP viii 313.24 . conafarcbad ar chind Neill so that he was left to await N., Rawl. 81a15 ( = co fargabad, BB 134b40 ). dorat rigan na Saba do S. ... .xx. ar .c. tallann d'ór ... mō ruc cid mor forḟacaib, Rawl. 79a45 . forácaib Úsaili i Cill Ú., Trip. 186.21 (2193) . is ann forothaig Cill M., ┐ farácaib díis dia muintir and, 94.11 (1049 : faráccaib). da fáccadh duine a ḟual a ngar do thigh, Maund. 217 . fofacbad na heoin a n-enchendcha ` quit (i.e. leave off, discard) their birdskins' BDD 13 . Departs from, forsakes , of places: fác an inad atai, PH 1987 . faccaibh an mendat attaoi, BNnÉ 302.1 . fag an cathair-si coluath, ZCP vi 55.1 . fácaib Eocho F. ... | a thír ar tír L. abandoned his country for that of L. xi 109 § 18 . forácsadar in n-innsi, TTr.² 824 . ná farcba a liss that he may not leave his enclosure Ériu iii 104 § 33 . dia mbad fómsa trá cách, ol in druí, no faicfithea in dunadsa innocht, LL 254a18 ( TFerbe 111 ). Of persons: i céin mairer nim-fargba, CF p. 89.21 ( GJ iv 56 ). in duine dia bhfoghnaim-si ... ni fharcabhsa he I may not leave him Lism. L. 184 . ni fuigeabh-sa ... aenduine dá tainic lim, BCC § 120 (p. 116) . Leaves remaining: conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ... hi talam, LU 10560 ( CCC 1 ). bādur sé semmanda a sleig cech fir ... ┐ no gédais tri semanda as cech sleig ┐ fuicbidis tri semannda in cech sleig, Fianaig. 6y . conidh anbecht ma do ḟacsat mil na duíne, RC xviii 11 (Tig.) = conidh as inueachtain foragsat míol n-indile, AFM 1089 . in t-aentrian fuicfithear and do tṡluagh G. the third that shall be left Ériu iv 180 § 42 . is mar sin fheanntar an t-anam, go nach fágthar subháilce ar bioth ... aige, TSh. 9443 . Leaves behind i.e. outstrips (in a race): ata ben agum ... no fágbed [leg. -ad] na heocho, ZCP xii 252.24 . doling M. frisna heochu gur rusfágaib ib. 31 . nir taisdil in domhan ... cú nó fíadh nach fuicfedhsan, Duan. F. i 56 § 12 .

(b) relinquishes, renounces: ni ḟil ... cathair nar ḟacaib in t-ídaladrad, PH 2424 . úair foracsabairsi foromsa ... cach maith since ye have renounced for My sake every good LU 2397 . an tí aidmheóchas ┐ fhúigfeas iad who shall acknowledge and renounce them (viz. his sins) TSh. 9054 .

(c) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. leaves (in a certain state): o forḟacaibthi gle-nuicht when they were left stark-naked SR 1358 . manibed Moisi ... óenfer díb ... na faicbed beo for talmain, 4132 . cía romácbad Beothach béo though B. should leave me alive LU 1262 . ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). fófácaib in trúaill fás leaves the scabbard empty LU 5406 . fáiceb in less n-óibela, LL 252a37 ( TBFr. § 28 ). benfaid frim adaircín nosfaiceba fás, LB 33b7 ( = Lism. L. 1054 ). forḟacaib B. he ic funi Mairt, LB 33b8 = forfacbhudh he ag bruith mairt Lism. L. 1055 . nacham facbaid-si m'oenur!, Ériu iii 137.1 . fómraccbhadsa sunn m'áenor, BNnÉ 93.6 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200z . cona farcobsat formáol fornocht so that they left it [the `dún'] bare and naked Dinds. 27 . ni theigdis uad ... co fācbaidis lān, Ériu ii 20 § 1 . fúigfid bandála Gall gruaidhḟliuch, TD 16.52 . as saidhbhir do fháoicfithea me, damad eol damh ..., Parrth. Anma 332.19 . arna farcabtais cen forcitlaid lest they should be left without a teacher Wb. 31d13 . nacham ḟácbasa cen brát[h]air, LU 6068 . fotracbad ar fán thou wast left desolate LL 147a5 ( PRIA iii 546 ). cach tailach ... namúrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib, LL 263b48 ( MU² 270 ). co fargbaid mo thechsa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind till you leave my house as you found it LU 8387 ( FB 26 ). ni aithergem na duile acht nos-lecam amal fosracaib Dia, Alex. 885 . f.¤ fri láim sets aside, excepts, stipulates: facbaim Concobar fri láim I leave C. aside LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). farācbaisemne fri lāim deitsiu ... nād ṅ-īurmais orguin co feasmais ..., BDD 73 Y. Cf. dochta do neoch dáles dāil | fācbas dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Cf. foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair `L. will be left out of the chance' RC xiii 444x .

Folld. by CEN and vn.: foragab Duaid inna anman adiecta cen tabairt anman trén fríu D. left the adjectives without adding substantives to them Ml. 30a9 . dia ḟaicet ... gním maith i nduine, fácbait sin cen luad, PH 7678 . gunar ḟacsat uaim ... gan tachailt, Cog. 24.18 . is iomdha éacht ... ḟuigfeam ... gan chur síos which we shall leave untold Keat. ii 3237 . Cf. (k).

(d) folld. by LA, OC of pers. leaves with, in the hands of, in possession of; at the mercy of: tíagait úad ... ┐ fácbait bennachtain leiss, LU 1547 ( MU² 1057 ). facabar a cuit urgnuma in mifoltaig las in sofoltach, Laws ii 366.11 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 32 ). ni scarfom ... co rrucsa do chen[n]su nó co farcabsa mo chend latsu, LU 5674 . techit ... ┐ fácbait a mbíad oc na bíastaib, LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). is e gell ... forácbad icon eclais i fus the pledge that has been left LB 251b3 . co fargaibhset a mbraighti aicce `left their pledges with him' AU 1157 . fágbad frithalam núa acan impiri ┐ imthigid (they) render the emperor fresh service (of a relay of attendants) Maund. 203 . fagbuis aigi budhein an Camcornn kept for himself Ériu ii 187.3 ( co fagbais, ZCP viii 103.11 ). fagbuit gne chustaim ag doirseoiribh in droichit pay toll to Fl. Earls 86.5 . fūicfidir sinne uile ar fódaib ... no fāicfemait [fúigfiom v.l.] oirechas agat-sa, ML² 1572 (cf. ML 118.26 ). Cf. da sirinn a meic no a mna ... dofuicfedis tes `gom thoigh they would have delivered them up ZCP viii 219 § 9 . cf. (f), (g). leaves (as a duty) to: fofacaib lim ... frithalim na n-anmanna leaves to me (the task of) attendance on the animals SR 1201 . With FO: fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine I leave it to all to judge TSh. 5002 .

(e) leaves behind (on a battle-field, etc.), loses (of persons and things): maiti for Ultu. Facabar Conchobar C. is left (wounded) LU 4926 . fáicfidi leis mili cend 4584 . in farcbad mo macsa? ... Forrácbad has my son been slain ? He has 1529 ( MU² 1031 ). fácabar .xx. láech lais díb twenty of their warriors fell by him 1583 . mebaid ... forsint slúag mór ria nDauid | co fargsat ... huili cruid a ṅgabála, SR 6459 . maidid for Aibisolón. facabair in milid ZCP xiii 177.13 . tuitfimit-ni uili it lurg, amal ro fácbait do muinter uili connici so, Mer. Uil. 24 . ro memhaidh for Aedh ... co farcaib ili, AU 859 . co fargsat a muntir ┐ a longa, RC xvii 404 (Tig.; AFM 1065 have: fáccbhaitt a nethra lais imon luing ...). co farggabsat ... a llonga leu, AU 851 . sluaighed la D. ┐ la feraib M. ... cor lādh ór fer M. ... co facsad a lón ┐ a n-eich ┐ a n-airm, RC xviii 37 . romebaid forsna T. ... co farcsat ár mór do degdóinib, TTr.² 1568 . foraccaibhset a n-ār lá mac meic L. eittir marbhadh ┐ bathadh, AFM ii 964w . go bhfúigfe do cheann ┐ do chosgar ag cathaibh Chuinn, ML 122.1 . Cf. ni ḟil cidh oenfer ... natt farcbainn i tinorguin whom I could not leave i.e. vanquish Fianaig. 12 § 21 . trian érca cach éinḟir da muintir da faicfigther `the third part of the eric for every man ... that is killed' Hy Maine 64 . Cf. Maol Seachlainn ... do dhol i ttíribh Mumhan ... ro indir Mumha co muir ... iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh ... co ffarccbadh ann lais Maol Crón ... tanaisi na nDéisi, co sochaidhe ele, AFM 856 . AU has co fargbadh ann lethri na nDeise, Maol Cron ...

(f) leaves behind (at death): nicon foigebat ciniud ... dia næs, Ml. 69a8 . facbaid [Ioseph] dá mac, SR 3687 . tabairt mnā dó fo déig co farcbad comarba, LU 10166 . act a mbere-so ni fuiceba-som di chlaind [sic leg.] save what thou bearest he will leave no offspring ZCP viii 310.19 . ni hairdircc a chlann maro ḟacaib if he left any Rawl. 147a22 . ar na hoighreadhaibh fhágbhaid dá n-éis, TSh. 4577 . Hence bequeathes: fáccab Aed aidacht la Conchad, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.19 ). seoit aini ro facaib a n-athair acu, Laws i 216.8 Comm. ní ḟágaibh athair ag mac | Inis Ḟódla, TD 17.3 . dá bhfágbhadh duine ré hudhacht ni nach leis fein, TSh. 5133 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ré hudhacht ag neach oile, 5140 .

(g) leaves (instructions, a charge, command, etc.), often with obj. clause: teorae briathra forfaccaib Diarmaid app Iae la C. ... fit foss figell, Mon. Tall. § 47 . faracaib Dia linn co ndigesta God left with us (the knowledge) that thou wouldst go Trip.² 275 . secht cluchi ... issed forḟácaib Patraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . faccbaim cen a tidhnacul go brāth do Cloinn C. I leave an ordinance that they are never to be given to the clan of C. Anecd. ii 30z . fāgaim in ces naīdhen for Ultaib co brāth, ZCP xii 252y . a los na mallachta do ḟágaibh Noe ag Cam, Keat. i p. 178 . forácaibh [Pátraic] ordnidi lóech ┐ cleirech uad cu bráth promised that illustrious laymen and clerics should descend from him Trip. 210.13 (2464) . forácaib nobeitis ríg ... día cenél co bráth, 164.9 (1910 : furácaib). ro fagaib Colman troscud umpi seo C. left an ordinance that they should fast for it BColm. 88.13 . is i gCluain Mic Nóis do ḟágaibh Diarmaid é féin d'adhnacal, Keat. iii 2164 . ro fagaib fo péin a n-anma orra gan techt tairis sin, ZCP vi 80.28 . do fácbadh Menistir na mBrathar ... do beth os cind na mBrathar co huilidhi it was decided that the Minister of the Friars ... should be over all the Friars AU iii 526 . do fagcaib doib ... cruth a mban for a maccaib, BColm. 90.18 . fágbhais P. ... eineach is eangnamh Éirionn ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air, TD 7.17 (see fácbáil). Of a salutation, farewell: ro faccbustair iomchomarc bethadh ag R., BNnÉ 328 § 58 .

? is ed rofacbad do mnai, | is cet cía thái, cet cía théis this is the last word on woman (?) ZCP iii 37.18 . Cf. (j).

(h) fo-ácaib bréithir leaves a word i.e. a blessing, malediction, etc.: forácaib Patraic [br]eithir foraib, Trip. 208.24 (2451) . fácbaid bréithir ... for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide, a mbeith fo chess `she leaves a word upon ..., that they should be in distress' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.1 . forfacaib-seom na m[i]briathra-sa doib .i. comdais brēcairi filid Connacht, ZCP xiii 25.24 . a los na mbriathar ro fagaibh Mocuda forra, BNnÉ 307.1 .

(i) of placing, inflicting: géabhthar air go bhfágthar iomad créacht air he will be beaten till many sores are left on him TSh. 3483 .

(j) leaves (on record), hands down (a statement, etc.): ro ḟagaibh fria blaisect mbāis gur fhír son, Marco P. 1 . do ḟágaibhsiod eólaigh gurab mó do thuit, etc. ML 142.28 . d'fagadar [na harsanta] againne gorab comfada, etc. Ir. Astr. Tr. 134.23 . faguibh aguinn a bunad make known to us Fen. 258.6 . Cf. (g), last cit.

(k) f.¤ immuig leaves out, omits: foracabsom lethchosmailius [—iusin MS] immuig `he has left out half of the comparison' Ml. 37d10 . Cf. (c).

II Rarely intrans.

(a) is left, remains (prob. in early Mid. Ir. an impers. use of the trans. vb.): connach farcaib i mBrudin i farrad Conaire acht Conall ┐ Sencha ... so that only C. and S. ... were left BDD 152 ( LU 7920 ). is cuit péne cach ra ḟác di ṡluag na Eurpa uli na rachomraic immon oenchomarli seo hardly were there any who were left of the host of Europe that did not join in this council (?) LL 232b20 ( TTr. 1141 ). ? fásughadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh ... ┐ rugsat braigdi iomdha leo as gach ionadh hi farcaibhset `from every place which they left' (? in which they had stayed) AFM 683 .

(b) departs, gets away: facbuid-si asin tír-si, RC xiv 56 § 69 . ro facsat tra na Troianu as gach gliaid ┐ as gach gabad, Aen. 195 .

1 folam, falam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 folam, falam or dil.ie/23065

 

Forms: faulom

adj o-ā (see folomm, and Ériu xiii 191 ) faulom, Hib. Min. 66.34 .

(a) empty; often of uninhabited, derelict or desolate places: aithles fás falam, LL 262b35 ( MU² 132 ). áite folmha, KMMisc. 350 . folamh anocht Dún Chearma ib. falum aníu Raith Aine, Acall. 3094 . in uair fuaratar na hadnocuil ḟalma, LB 225a1 . tighe falmha, TD 26.49 . fágaibh do longa falmha leave thy ships empty ML 50.18 ( ML² 751 ). do teithedur na sluaigh la huaman Sir G. ┐ do fāgadh in faidhchi folum fai, ZCP vi 31.2 . iomlánachadh in líne do leisce a bheith folamh a filling up of the line, for loathing of its being empty Duan. F. ii 368y . ardḟuaim an tsrotha ḟolaimh ` shallow ' Content. xviii 168 . a mbeith folamh on grádh empty of love (= se caritate esse uacuas) Instructio 129.7 . Of land, vacant, unoccupied: an ferand ... ni folam fōs, Ériu xii 144 § 5 .

(b) unproductive, barren: biaidh doibh 's ni bhá falumh | talam cona thorad, Lism. L. 4707 . iomdha folamh dár bhfiodhbhaidh, PBocht 1 § 7 . ithir fíorfholamh, 19 § 26 . gnáth folamh síol na sligheadh, 12 § 3 . ní thig a cnaei ḟolaim omna, IGT III ex. 224 . diasa fása is fiodhbhadh ḟolamh, DDána p. 378.1 . coillte folbha, Rel. Celt. ii 238.10 (leg. falmha). Cf. bheith folamh ní ceilte ar chrodh | 's teirce i dtoradh na talmhan, L. Cl. A. B. 263 .

(c) Of persons destitute: mar fríoth falamh mé, TD 22.16 . ní ferrde a bheith soilbhir | má chluintear a bheith folamh if he has the reputation of being indigent O'Gr. Cat. 532.16 . do chuirfeá ar siubhal ... mé folamh, Gen. xxxi 42 . meisi folamh ... 's dáoine dáora .. ag agháil ionmhuis, Studies 1919, 72 . folamh an chnis gan an chloinn, KMMisc. 354 .

(d) fig. empty, vain, worthless: truaill fhallsa fholamh... na colna, TSh. 2094 . ní ar chuaird ḟolaimh `on no bootless visit Content. xxix 12 . ar mealladh le mnáibh ... do ghoimh an ghrádha folaimh, Gadelica i 241.88 . duine utmall folamh = vaga et vacua Instructio 130.13 . do chonncas damh fos gach ni talmhanda do bheith brisc folamh diomhain = vacua et caduca 110.8 . na denad comharthadha iomdha oir foillsighidh sin na mna do bheith folamh = quia hoc est indicium vacue monialis et lingose 138.17 .

Cf. bean ḟalamh (ḟolamh) IGT, Decl. § 116 . ni folamh LL 394.49 (chev.).

gartadh

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gartadh or dil.ie/25433

 

n bursting, cracking (?) : mar go mbí truaill ... na colna féin ag gartadh, TSh. 2094.

immarcrach, imḟorcrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarcrach, imḟorcrach or dil.ie/27744

 

Forms: h-imarcrac

adj o, ā

I excessive, super-abundant; overweening, arrogant: aisneis imforcrach do tabairt, CCath. 4402. an gaisced imarcrach dogneti isin laithisi andiu, D IV 2, 41ra5 . roeirigh a bruth ┐ a borrfadh imarcrach, 57vb28 . tesbach imarcrach `excessive heat,' RC x 185.32 . hi nert imuarcrach sech cach, LB 127b13 . ro ghabh uaman imarcrach ┐ egla adhbul P., Stair Erc. 815. moladh iomarcrach ort féin, Content. xxiv 14. mairg sliommarcach fhuair mar each | an truaill iomarcrach uaibhreach, Studies 1933, 407 § 15 . Adv. folmaigi se na lenna co h-imarcrac `it evacuates the humours excessively,' RC xlix 41.20 . cur rith fuil a chind rena agaid ... co himurcrach, Maund. § 15.

II As subst. excretion, superfluity, excess (used of bodily excretions): indarbadh imurcracha in chét dílegtha ... le seiledh ocus le himurcrachaib na srona ocus na braighedh `let him expel all superfluities of the first `concoction',' O'Gr. Cat. 263.34. arna órdugud do gabáil na nimurcrach coiler [d]a cruthaigther isna haeib `designed for the reception of the choleric superfluities formed in the liver,' 262.6 . ar ngnáthugadh na n-imarcrach sgéidhid siad sa drúis `after practicising excess they break out in lust,' De Contemptu 1529 . ó decracht dileghtha a n-imarcrach, 1545 .

Cf. immarcach.

imscing, imsceng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imscing, imsceng or dil.ie/28082
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imscingi, imscinge, imscingib

n n s. imscing nglan, Ériu xxi 154 § 28 (cheville). g s. imscingi, TTr.² 1845. a p. imscinge, MacCongl. 47.6 . d p. imscingib, TTebe 462 .

(a) bedroom; apartment, enclosure, pavilion, court: i.¤ .i. tech becc a talla imdae, Corm. Y 790. imsceng .i. both bec imma timchellae imdae, 1151 . isinn i.¤ gl. praetorio, Rawl. B 512, fo. 72d (<Plummer MS. notes). i.¤ .i. teagh beag a dtuilleann leaba no ina mbí leaba, O'Cl. imsceng Fiadat ... amal phupall, ZCP xi 110 § 33. oc ól meda ... isin i.¤ ar [a f(?)]aithchi, Ériu viii 157.12 . lotar do indsi ... i fairneacdar i.¤ n-ochradh (leg. n-ac[c]rad) atreab nglesse, Anecd. i 56 § 50 . as in i.¤ .i. as in garrda rigda, PH 3293. racumtaiged i.¤ rígda lais i mmedón na cathrach, TTr. 731. dochum denna ┐ rigimscingi ┐ rígpheláti Príaim, TTr.² 1845. ro cúmdacht ... in i.¤ ┐ in arocuil ┐ in luic rigda ... o mairgretaib `bedroom,' Alex. 589. i rīg-i.¤ mōir medōnaig in dūnaid `in the large central royal pavilion of the fort,' MacCongl. 103.23 .

(b) a bed, couch: i.¤ linanairt gil co ndelbaib ingantachaib fri fraigid and, IT iii 492.407 . 'na i.¤ .i. 'na lebaigh (B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 8. i.¤ bic (mbicc v.l.) .i. biim i llepaid immalle fri ríg, RC xxvi 22 § 65. tanic Cāthal mac Finguine co mbúidnib ... fer Muman co n-dessitar for colbadu ┐ imscinge ┐ imdadu `on bed-rails and couches and beds,' MacCongl. 47.6 .

(c) a covering, wrap, garment: re dergud imdad do pellaib cimsacha ... ┐ d'imscingib ailli orda ┐ do chearchaillib, TTebe 462 . doratt araile maigdin i.¤ do línanair[t] laingil cuigi, D IV 2, 79vb24 . rogab Lainsaloid and i.¤ roinnig (?) (last word indistinct in MS.) no bith uimbe fri fulung fhochaidi ┐ dubrudar lucht in caisteil ris nach roibi achan (? fochann) do in edach pennaidi sin do gabail uimbe a garment of haircloth ?, 79vb18 .

(d) a diadem (see RC xliv 370 ff .): ro gabhsomh ediudh Oilella ┐ imsgincc ordha uime (= foruirmiset muinter Ailella a mind ríg for Tamun, LU 6670 ), TBC-LL¹ p. 409 n. 11 . faítsetar fir hErend étgud Ailella ┐ a i.¤ n-orda immon corthe, TBC-LL¹ 4440. gab in n-erriud rígdaide imme ┐ in n-imsciṅg n-órda (cor gaibib (sic) Mane for a chend in mind v.l.), 4452 . claideb co truaill ḟéta ... findruine co ṅ-i.¤ airgdide co cumtuch órda, LL 189b14 .

indlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlach or dil.ie/28454
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: innlaigi, ionnloc, ionnlac, indlach, indluig, ionnlach

n o, n. n pl. as s : innlaigi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 67a27 . vn. of in-dloing. The form ionnloc, ionnlac (acc. and dat.) occurs in Ó Bruad. ii 148.6 , 136.z .

(a) orig. meaning act of cleaving, cleavage ; hence, dispute, dissension, division, interruption: cen i.¤ gl. sine ... discep[ta]tione, Wb. 28b8 . conruptar fadirci ind usci robatar hi fudumnaib talman trí i.¤ inna talman n-isin `through the cleaving ...,' Ml. 40d16 . a n-indlach (gl. corruptionem ... religionis) 'the breaking to pieces', 64a1 . cen nach n-i.¤ gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . indlach ndeimnigthe 'the rescission of a confirmed [contract]', Contract Law 136 § 12 . bar-immartatar sin inlach etir chúiced Ulad imma raind i trí, MU² 18. Of the separation of body and soul at death : d'éis ionnlaigh, an ba an chobhair | dob áilteach lé asbolaibh | slán mar do chuaidh ina ceann | 'sa truaill atám na timcheall, Dán Dé xx 42. a schism (?) : ersi ┐ innlaigi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 67a27 .

(b) As gramm. term, diaeresis: tre indlach gl. per dierisin, Sg. 207a12 . oldaas a indlach `than its diaeresis,' 19a3 .

(c) act of causing dissension, setting at logger-heads: aes ecnaig, aes athchossain | aes ind indlaig nosdedlai, SR 8348. cach do inluch (indlach, BB 151b18 ) ... ba hē bēs brogda Briccrenn, Rawl. 156b21 . nir chóir duit-siu tiachtain ... do chomrac rum-sa trí i.¤ ┐ etarchossáit Ailella ┐ Medba, TBC-LL¹ 3482.

(d) slandering, complaining about, attacking, rebuking: mór loites lucht an indluig, `slandering people,' Ériu iv 212 § 1. má ragad cliar dimdach de | ni biadh ag innlach impe he would not complain about it, 214 § 10. a Thomáis, d'aithle m'ionnlaigh `after all my chiding,' ix 10.117 . do-ghníatt na naeimh innlach ndermair fri Finden `made a grievous complaint,' BNnÉ 320.30 . dá mbeinn dod ghnúis dreachnáir diomdhach, is cúis neamhcháir t'innlach inn `it were unjust to slander thee for that,' Studies 1923, 80 § 2 . biodhbha Dé ní an gum ionnlach `God's foe never ceases to attack me,' Aithd. D. 97 § 6. beag an fáth fá bhfaghthar guth, | seachain tú ! ná tuill t'ionnlach, Dánta Gr. 39.10 . ro gabhadh eisidhe tria ionnlach an Iustís ` complaint ,' AFM iv 732.7 . Attrib. gen. na scéla indluig `the slanderous tales,' Ériu iv 212 § 1. Very common in conjunction with etarchossaít : tre ionnlachaibh ocus tre edarchossaoidibh Ghall Erenn fair, ALC ii 228.19 . occ ionnlach ┐ occ etarchosaoitt an Íarla, Hugh Roe 4.22 . daoireacht meardhána na mac | seandála saoidheacht d'ionnlac `the reckless baseness of youths who dare to blame the methods of ancient seers,' Ó Bruad. ii 136 § 15. ionnlach .i. cosáoid(h) no gearán, O'Cl. ionnlach ` causing discord, putting between people ,' O'R.

(e) ? To this : `stakes '?: dol fon ccoill fa nesa dóibh ocus indlaighe do thabhairt leo co mbeidis a ndromanna riu ina sesamh an fedh do beith an cath aga chur, Cog. 216.18 .

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