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céim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céim or dil.ie/8469
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cheimim, cém

(-mm) n, n. vn. of 1 cingid. See GOI §§ 152 , 328 , 453 , 756 , and GOI Translators' Note p. 683 . m. and f., IGT Decl. § 45 . n s. cheimim, Hugh Roe² 20.22 . cém, RSClára 87a etc.

I

(a) act of stepping towards, approaching; resorting to (with various prepp.): ar do chéimm ar croich `for the sake of Thy going upon the cross', Ériu vi 113 § 5 . la c.¤ do míasaib maithib `when there is stepping to good tables', iii 102 § 30 . nir' fhetsat ceim fora n-agaid dia n-echuib, Marco P. 113 . ceim do churadaib Connacht, MR 250.20 . ceim fri haimles n-egalsa, Ériu ii 228.15 . ceim i cleith, LU 4009 ( SCC 45 . ) cen ch.¤ dó 'na comlepaid unless he should come to share her bed, Ériu iv 104.2 . cēim iar sētaib soscēla, ii 56 § 11 . ar gc.¤-ne ón talmhain thuaidheamhain, DDána 70.9 . With gen.: c.¤ an chroinn the step towards the cross, Dán Dé xxix 20 .

(b) With cingid: ciṅg ceim co lan tocud etc., Corp. Gen. 80.2 . nocho chingfind ceim dar cert, LL 18668 . rochind seig a cheim co hegandais, TTebe 1088 .

(c) step, pace, stride : inna ceimmen gl. gresús, Ml. 22a7 . céimmim gl. extento gradu, 41d7 . ch.¤ cruth cheill congraimmim in gait, etc., LU 8323 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ tar ais, Dán Dé xxviii 26 . c.¤ ar ch.¤ `step by step', Rel. Celt. ii 190.10 . c.¤ baccaighe limp, TSh. 3344 . dhírighios a chéime = (the Lord) directeth his steps, Proverbs xvi 9 .

(d) With verbs other than cingid: ascnam c.¤ for caland `let us strive to step', Fél. Dec. 31 (cf. Gorm.). ná beram c.¤ secha sain, LL 3308 . c.¤ chríoch n-imdherg nis dring, Ériu xiii 20.1 . dréisi c.¤ cech óin laithi `advance thou a step every day', i 200 § 24 . caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend síar, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). nach rach c.¤ don chiort `depart one step', PBocht 9.25 .

(e) As measure of length: da ceimend sechtmogat in airdi in tuir, Auraic. 1245 . .u. ced deg ceim curadh `fifteen hundred warrior's paces', Stair Erc. 774 . Cf. da traigid gu leith se in ceim inraic `the full pace', Ériu xvii 70 § 10 gl. 5 . See míle.

(f) degree (astron., etc.): sa 4 ceim in quarto gradu (of heat), ZCP xviii 264.16 . sgáile na ccéimionn `degrees' (of a sun-dial), Isaiah xxxviii 8 .

(g) stage in a process : na céimenda as i ndéntar in t-adaltras .i. silled ┐ comrád etc., PH 7807 . i gcéimeannaibh an chreidimh, Dán Dé vi 31 . an dechmadh c.¤ ó Cholla (in pedigree), BNnÉ 281.28 . in trat tic cum in ceime deiginigh don eitici, Rosa Angl. 76.2 . an dara c.¤ . . . an treas c.¤ stage (of the death of the body), TSh. 1240 ff.

(h) dignity, rank, degree : hí ceím gl. in gradum dignitatis, Ml. 19a3 . ina ceim ┐ ina cadus fein, BB 238a14 . cech ceim cádhusach, CCath. 1507 . i gc.¤ `in high esteem', Content. xvi 95 . na tigernuidhi doreir a ceimenn, Maund. 148 . nech lugha ceim nā rí `of lower rank than', ZCP vi 101.27 . ? daerfuidir do saeradh taris ceim bas etar leis, Laws v 450.21 Comm. lucht céimenn `dignitaries', Hugh Roe² 158.22 . da gach aon . . . do réir a chéime, Keat. ii 2072 . iar na togha is na ceimionnaibh remraite `to those dignities', AFM iii 364.4 .

(i) amount, degree, extent : a ngach aoinch.¤ `in every particular', O'Hara 546 . a n-aein ch.¤ `in any degree', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.6 . san ch.¤ a ttugas . . . grádh dhó, Desid. 5971 .

(j) procedure, proper course : cēim n-erlatad ar Dīa, ZCP iii 449.12 . cēim fāthach `walking with knowledge', Ériu ii 64 § 6 . dom chor ó ch.¤ from the proper course, DDána 38.22 . ní c.¤ é eidir óghaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 34 § 5 . c.¤ eoil don aineolach, Dán Dé xxviii 45 . do chríochnaigh C. a c.¤ flatha `his royal progress', ML 88.32 . c.¤ caithme `an expensive process', BNnÉ 282.7 . ceim conalbais, Lism. L. 3069 .

(k) In later lang. freq. in vague sense of task, exploit, undertaking, feat, deed : do c[h]onāch id chémanduib, ML² 1654 . c.¤ anshógha, DDána 99.7 . c.¤ d'éirghe aigeanta enough to make the heart rise, 66.3 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . do bhéireadh béim ann gach c.¤ cruaidh, Oss. vi 74.12 . c.¤ macaimh Muimnigh `part', MR 302.7 . c.¤ cruaidh, Desid. 897 . Perh. also in: Bethach fo chéimim chlothalt / marb in h-Erind ar clitecht, LL 769 (see Leb. Gab.(i) 114.9 ).

(l) Freq. in chevilles: ceim forais, SR 4391 (cf. béim f.). c.¤ ngle, LU 2831 . c.¤ gan gainne, LL 7074 . gárbh fhearr c.¤ `what prize could be greater?', Studies 1920, 98 § 6 .

(m) generation : go nuige an mīle céim, Carswell² 48.1651 = gus an mhíle genealach, Adtimchiol 155b3 . go nuige an treas nō an ceathramhadh cém nō glún gheinealaidh, Carswell² 98.3437 .

(n) Miscellaneous uses: ? sluag Herend cona fairind / lotar ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 . re trichait ṁblīadna i Maig Mell / re cōicait cīalla cēmend, Fianaig. 50.13 . ? reim dano ceim a airbert (quatrain follows), Auraic. 800 = cém, 3590 = ceim, 3617 . iar ceimennaibh `in course', Laws iii 344.19 Comm. `in turn', iv 260.y Comm. ar ndola dá cruth i gcéimibh (: éirigh) `her body swelling', PBocht 18.31 . See TD 10.22 n. p. 237 . i gc.¤ properly composed (?) (a poem), Ó Bruad. iii 194.x .

II In concrete applications

(a) step, rung : trisna cemmen i n-andais . . . a ch.¤ són i ngaibthe cech salm `the step in which each psalm used to be sung', Ml. 133b4 -5. [cé]mmen templi gl. gradus, Thes. i 498.8 (Ardm.). ceimenna arda high steps, LB 151b3 . seacht gcéimeanna ann (of a ladder, Fig.), Aithd. D. 62.20 . céimeanna an chaisléin, Dán Dé xxviii 15 . ? ceim .i. conair, ut est ceim sech na dichestar dilsi sech andoit n-eclaise, O'Dav. 549 . Also stile, threshold etc.: iter claid . . . ┐ tenlach ┐ cēim `fire-place and (door-)step', Cáin Ad. 41 . tarsa ceim isind faichti `over the stile into the field', Mon. Tall. 130.8 . for c.¤ na reilgge, Irish Texts i 35.14 . airde cech ceim (v.l.) [ar]aile (of building), MacCarthy 40.24 .

(b) pass : Slīab C. na cēmenn crūaid `of the difficult passes', Ériu ii 50 § 5 . set conaire no ceime `footpath', Laws v 152.x Comm. inis na gcéimeann, Measgra D. 55.2 . essruis . . . co ceimeannaibh cumgae, Stair Erc. 234 .

Compds. With adjj.: réim . . . ceim-dhíochra with eager step, ML 84.15 . a[g] cuibrech an curadh crodha ceimdighaind, ZCP vi 285.28 . dochuaidh ina coinne co ceimdirech `went straight to meet him', 45.13 . céimleasg i gcath `cool in conflict', TD 26.25 . go cobhsaidh céimrighin, AFM vi 2128.16 .

do-ecmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmaing or dil.ie/17523

 

Forms: do-nd-ecmaing, do-n-ecmaiṅg, tecmaiṅg, tecming, décmaing, tecmoing, doecmungat, thecmoṅgat, tecmainged, do-n-ecmai, do-t-eccme, do-ecma, do-m-ecma, nach-an-tecma, tecmai, tecma, dosnecmaither, doecmoised, do-nd-ecmised, thecmaised, tecmoncuir, teccomnocuir, to-nd-echomnuchuir, do-m-chaomnacuir, doecomnacair, do-coemnacair, teccomnacuir, docoemnacair, tegmocair, tecmongur, dorecmacht, dorecmaiṅg, forecmaing, barecmaing, rotecmaing, dorecmaingetar, doeccaim, doeccaimh, doecaiph, teccaim, fristegaim, teaguimh, tecmaid, teagmhuidh, nothecmad, tecmaitis, tecmadh, tegmad, dorécaim, doreccaim, doreagaim, barrecaim, barrecaib, arrecaim, tecēma, tegéma, teigeomha, do-ecmaic, doecmaic, da-ecmaic, do-nn-ecmaic, tecmaicc, tecmaicid, doecmaittsium, tecmang, tecmáil, d-an-ecmaing, tecmongar

v (* to-in-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 555 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-ecmaing, Ml. 54a7 . do-n-ecmaiṅg, Sg. 40a16 . tecmaiṅg, 9a11 , 29a1 . tecming, 161a1 . décmaing, LL 291b3 . tecmoing, AFM ii 596 , etc. 3 pl. doecmungat, Ml. 63c8 . thecmoṅgat, Sg. 2a10 . Impf. 3 s. tecmainged, Mon. Tall. 129.19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . do-t-eccme, 160.10 . do-ecma, Laws iii 252 , ii 114 . cid do-m-ecma , IT iii 63 § 129 . nach-an-tecma, Fél. Jan. 10 . dia tecmai , Laws v 372 . dia tecma , v 166 , etc. ? dosnecmaither, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ). Impf. 3 s. doecmoised, Wb. 5d26 . do-nd-ecmised, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . thecmaised, 133 . Pret. 3 s. (depon.) tecmoncuir, Mon. Tall. 153.19 . teccomnocuir, Wb. 10a4 . to-nd-echomnuchuir (ch = cc), Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). do-m-chaomnacuir, Mon. Tall. 144 . doecomnacair, Trip. 390 . do-coemnacair, BDD 157 . teccomnacuir, Corm. Y 1018 = docoemnacair, Laud 610 . tegmocair, ZCP xiii 262.13 . Pass. pres. s. tecmongur, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . ?pret. s. dorecmacht, LL 273b5 .

Secondary formations. From pres. stem, pret. 3 s. dorecmaiṅg, TBC-LL¹ 2025 , cf. 1292 and Lism. L. 135 ; forecmaing, ib. barecmaing, LL 264b32 . rotecmaing, Lism. L. 175 . 3 pl. dorecmaingetar, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 , YBL 181b31 ). From subj. stems. Indic. pres. 3 s. doeccaim, CCath. 4907 , 5005 ( dos-feccaim, 3661 ). doeccaimh, AFM v 1870 , Hugh Roe 294 . doecaiph, Auraic. 4323 . teccaim, BB 435a44 . fristegaim, YBL 167b5 . teaguimh, IGT Introd. § 22 (9.14) . Later tecmaid, mod. teagmhuidh. Imperf. 3 s. nothecmad, LL 168a4 . 3 pl. tecmaitis, CCath. 5730 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ma tecmadh , ZCP viii 111 . da tegmad , BColm. 94 , etc. Perf. 3 s. dorécaim, TBC-LL¹ 116 ( LL 54b36 ), doreccaim, Hugh Roe 192 . doreagaim, MR 178 . barrecaim, CRR 23 , 36 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4758 . barrecaib, TBC-LL¹ 2897 , 4631 . arrecaim, 2 . Fut. 3 s. tecēma, TBC-LL¹ 1265 , 1285 . tegéma, ZCP viii 213.5 . teigeomha, Proverbs xii 21 . A mod. variant of this stem is teangmh-.

Also do-ecmaic, giving indic. pres. (pret.?) 3 s. doecmaic, RC ix 456 . da-ecmaic, LU 1540 . do-nn-ecmaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . tecmaicc, LL 161a35 . tecmaicid, LB 158a53 . 3 pl. doecmaittsium, Anecd. ii 23 .

Vn. tecmang, tecmáil.

See IGT Verbs § 2 .

I As trans. vb. hits (a mark, etc.), strikes ; this is possibly the original meaning, cf. 2 ecmaing (see 1 ad-cumaing), or may be borrowed from the latter verb: gabais L. cloich . . . ┐ díbaircid dí conda ecmaic tar a luthain struck her, MU² 1049 . ba erchor tecmaicc, Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . conid-ro-marb ┐ décmaing a chend dé, RC xiii 460 .

II Like do-cuirethar, used as impers. vb. with accus. and follg. adverbial phrase or equivalent: d-an-ecmaing he happens to be (in a place, condition, etc.). Later the impers. constr. passes into a personal one, and in cases where the noun is sing. it is often impossible to decide whether it is subj. or obj. of vb.

(a) is menic dondecmaing it is often the case is such, Ml. 54a7 . acht dond-ecmaing a ní-siu gl. fortunae casu, Sg. 137b5 . doecmaic aní sin that may be so, RC ix 456 (do fomaing, v.l.). la dēcsin a chrotha gil | la cach n-ōin is indeithbir, | mina tegma (degma, MS.) . . . cēill n-āith n-airetraim n-imglain unless . . . sense be there (along with beauty), ZCP vi 267 . bid fāilid frim dām(īn]e | cia do-mecma cēt marcach though I should happen to be (accompanied by) a hundred horsemen (cét m. dat. of accompaniment?), IT iii 63 , cf. Bruchst. i § 166 . cingit chorma didiu intan do-n-ecmaic ni hebar deog di when it happens to be at hand (?), LB 9b40 . lom medc-usci ind domnaich ma tecme if it is forthcoming (?), Mon. Tall. 143 . da fítt chert chutrume cid mín cid anmín dondecme whether it happens to be delicate or coarse fare, 161 . conad air[e] nach lamaid daene a tadall acht mines-tegmad troich unless they should be persons doomed to death, Todd Nenn. 210 ( BB 256b49 ). bid na sūili dūnta muna tegmaidh osguilti go haicideach iad, 3 C 19, 72 va 11 . antand do-n-ecmaing aircend praindo when it is the end of a meal, Mon. Tall. 148 . ma teccmai lith laithe if it happen to be a festival day, Laws v 396 . mani teccmai Lugnasad, 406 . mad immalde fris doteccme if thou happen to be beside him, Mon. Tall. 160 . barrecaim Conall ir-remthús resna sluagaib, CRR 36 . is and barrecaib-sium in-airthiur Ái, TBC-LL¹ 2897 . gach cor nochuiredh dhe, nothegmadh frais do dhealgaibh sgiach ann there would be a quantity of thorns in any part of the bush he might move into, BS 22 . acht ma tecmadh secht tengta filed i cinn aenduine though there were seven tongues of poets in one man's head, ZCP viii 111 . ni roleicceadh tathamh . . . dona Spáinneachaibh doeccaimh i Rinn Chorráin who happened to be in R., Hugh Roe 294 (prob. impers.). da tegmad a Carnn ingine Briain he, Lec. 167a note. a n-aón-ionadh ina tteigeobhadh é, Ériu v 100 . isin deidendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca in the strait difficulty in which they had their enemies, AFM vi 2280 . isin ccúil chumhaing i teacomhnagair i teannta occa n-esccairdibh, Hugh Roe 148 . Folld. by prep. denoting motion: muna dteagmha chuige catha coimthiugha, ML 134 . na déra dolécet . . . is amlaid hi tecma i n-ucht in Duileman they fall into, Ériu ii 194 (v.l., LB 202b55 ). co ttecomhnacair an ccraoisicch ccruaidhrighin hi tula édain don eoch, Hugh Roe 256 . condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi (of a missile), Anecd. ii 54 . is edh dosfeccaim-si, i mmullach a sūlu cli do S. (of an arrow; saiget, f.), CCath. 3661 . a tecmadh isin muir dibh whatever (missiles) fall into the sea, 2014 .

(b) In follg. exx. vb. appears to be in pers. (and hence intrans.) constr.: combad i n-aimsir na nAed . . . no thecmad int anmanna sin this creature lived in the time of, LL 168a4 ( SG ii 480 ). co trascair . . . cach ni teccaim ar a ceann overthrows all before it (of a flood), BB 435a44 . an tan teaguimh .th. a ndiaigh .n. when `th' happens to follow `n', IGT Introd. 9 . feudaidh an sagart eile theagmhas do láthair an tAifrionn do chríochnughadh who happens to be present, Eochairsg. 122 . docoemnacair coirthe cloche fo chossaib Maicc C., BDD 157 (impers.?). gur gemel . . . doreagaim itir cāch dā curaid there was a fetter between each two heroes, MR 178 . cách hi crích a thíre fesin nó hi crích ina tecmai (hi tecma, v.l.) or any (other) territory he may chance to be in, Ériu ii 206 , cf. Anecd. iii 21 . itharna | mad dia tecma i l-lithadba should it perchance be in a feasting-hall, Corm. Y 69 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ina focraibh da ḟoiridin had not . . . been near to help him, CF 51 . teccomnacuir Find fecht n-and i Tethbai cona féin ┐ luid for cuairt selgae, Corm. Y 1018 (= tanic, LB). dorecmaingetar maithi fear nErenn ic ól fesi Temrach, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 ). intan tecaim in lán mara ac diraim, CCath. 1971 . doreccaimh díreim dia mharcslogh occ sireadh na n-oirer happened to be reconnoitring, Hugh Roe 62 . cidh be aga thegmonn fiabras whoever has a fever, 24 P 22, 183.4 . dá dteagmhadais airm agom if I had arms, MR 278 . co tecmaitis na marcaigh foena fo a cossaib were prostrate, CCath. 5730 . conid tecmaing cucci in fennid cétna, Ériu iv 22 ( LL 106a20 ). mongēnair ecclas . . . gos tecmaig fer grāidh eccnaid, RC xxxviii 346 . in tecmait dochum ifirn? are we going to hell? RC xiv 48 . gébé againn chum a teigémadh macám, SG 302 . tracht i tecaib tond, LL 147a11 (PRIA xix 546). imaseach doecmaitt-sium they come down in turns (of ebb and flow), Anecd. ii 23 . tecema il-laind a scéith will alight (of a missile), TBC-LL¹ 1265 . dia mad me notecmad tair, BB 407a41 . In follg. instances perh. pass.: fecht robaoi tecmongar celdag hi Cluain mac Nóis `there arose a contention', Mon. Tall. 162 . dorecmacht aenach i Taltin lais a fair was held by him, LL 273b5 .

III As intrans. vb.

(a) happens, occurs, takes place (pers. and impers.): ol donecmaing gl. quod accidit, Sg. 40a16 . donaib hí thecmoṅgat gl. de accidentibus, 2a10 . tecmaing amin it happens thus, 29a1 . dia cóicc mbliadhna seasccat . . . tecmoing sin, AFM 917 (ii 596) . riasiu tecma bēt nó pudar, Hy. vi 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 351 ). mar 'tberad Midir, maith dit, | dia tecma if it come to pass (is done) as M. said, Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . madh ona cūsibh so tecmus an íta if the thirst arise from these causes, 23 P 10, 33a4 . gurob o spasmus . . . tig ┐ teagmaidh se (i.e. grinding the teeth), 3b54 . accidunt . . . morbi .i. tegmaidh a foirimill an cuirp galar, 58.1 . truag, a Dé, do tecgmais it has turned out ill, ACL iii 240 (= do-t-ecgmais?). Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: tecmaing buith briathar huadib-sem it happens that verbs are (derived) from them, Sg. 156a2 . tecmaing a buith hi comsuidigud, 212b9 . doeigemud a mbeth ar in espuc a aenur it might happen that (these grades) were (united) in the bishop, Laws v 54 . mas re deithbiris doecma rucadh sis hi if it were through accidental necessity it was taken down, iii 252 . dia tecma comadh calma do S. inās duitsiu if S. should prove to be braver than you, Ériu v 152 . adubairt go ndeachatar . . . ┐ dia ttegmhadh nach raghdaoiss, Fl. Earls 24 . tecomnacair gur ro iadh nathair nemidhe ina timchell, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rotecmaing gur ben mu cheann re cloich, Lism. L. 175 .

With infd. dat. pron. happens to: ced donecmai bás ind if he chance to die for it, Mon. Tall. 146 . náchantecma drochrann, Fél. Jan. 10 . gidh dom thegmadh, ZCP viii 544 . domchaomnacuir airisem hi fothrucud I chanced to stay in the bath, Mon. Tall. 144 . dus in fesad int imned do-sn-eacmaing, RC vi 174.22 (YBL), in n-imniuth do-tocoemnacair, ib. (Eg.). ciped dosnecmad on tráth co araile whatever should befall her, RC viii 150 . is ē beirius a domuine ma dosneacmu, Laws ii 284 Comm. (if it fall to him? but perh. -sn- is here fem. accus. pron. referring to domuine, vb. being impers.; cf. ib. 114 : ma dosnecma dí, i.e. dont ṡáire).

Generally folld. by DO (FRI): foditu chruche . . . am[ail] tondechomnuchuir dundaib abstalaib, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). amal bid dúib doecmoised as though it had happened to you, Wb. 5d26 . inna fochaide ┐ inna n-ingramman doecmungat dūnni gl. accidentium, Ml. 63c8 . ni do cach brēthir tecming persona not every verb is personal, Sg. 161a1 . tecmaing dond folud hísin gl. qualitatis (i.e. the category of quality is added as determinant to that of mere substance), 30a17 , 18 . maith in cherd gaiscid donecmaic do Choinc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 1699 . go tteacmhann do gach aon dip in fortūn . . . bhus toltanach la Dia, Fl. Earls 180 . budh maith tegmas dí good shall befall her, ZCP i 125 . do innis dóibh . . . gach nidh do theangmhadh dhoibh, ZCP ii 550 . um gach éinchinnemhain notheigēmadh dhóip, Fl. Earls 60 . d'egla go tteigeómhadh a leithéid so do chás dhuinn, Mac Aingil 109 . do thionnsgain sé na neithe do theigéumhadh dhó d'innisin dóibh, Mark x 32 . teicēmaid toirc[h]es duit ┐ bēra dā ingen, ZCP vii 308 . na mna . . . do nach tecmand clann, 23 P 10, 35a60 . ní teagmand clann di, 23 Q 5, 46.38 . mac cleiriuch dia tecmai oen inna cinath-sa who happens to commit one of these sins, Ériu vii 170 . is and barecmaiṅg dóib sin bith ar múr Temra, MU² 362 . da tegmad dam dul ar leth, BColm. 94 . tocaomnacair do Diarmaid ┐ do Blathmac . . . conid eiter a lāmaib rothathamir Cúrui, Mon. Tall. 153 . da tecma don curp allus do teacht de if the body should happen to perspire, 23 P 10, 6a25 . With FRI (RE, LE): urcoid teagmus re bunait na fethedh which occurs to, 23 P 10, 4a16 . cipé tan no tecmudh frit amal dorala do-som, ZCP iv 390 . do digail an anndligid forsin foirind fris tegaim ferg De, YBL 167b5 .

(b) Esp. is or comes in the way of, meets with DO, FRI, AR (FOR). As in the case of do-cuirethar the construction here seems to have been orig. that of a trans. impers. vb., cf. the follg. exx.: cach inad a tecmad clanna Néill dá chéili ┐ Connacht[a] wherever the Clan N. and the men of Connacht met each other, SG 50 . nā tegmad thū do nech inā nech duit, RC xii 348 . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib, Mon. Tall. 129 (do-ecmaing dom ar . . . I meet). doregaimh araill (sic leg.) don gasraidh tul i tul do he encountered a band . . . face to face, Hugh Roe 156 . robeired coscar do na huilib rígaib nothecmad ris, SG 391 . romuigheadh rompa for na sluaghaibh teagmhadh riu, Hy Fiach. 22 .

With personal construction: teit in fer . . . ┐ tecmhaing rón dó he came upon a seal, Lism. L. 1640 . in lucht tiagait tar dorus Dúid amach . . . tecmaicid drochut doib, LB 158a53 . is dóigh leo . . . gurab í an comuirle is ferr tecmus dóib `that the best counsel befalls them', Maund. 21 . aroile ridire . . . tegmaic doib-sen forsan sét, Fl. Earls 134 . tecmaid . . . Muire mór do mnai Jacim, ACL iii 244 . an t-ionnad at-teagmha dhuit ailbhín do thorcaibh, ZCP ii 552 . co rothecaim dó annsin tor he chanced to come to a tower, Lec. 602b24 . iss andsin barrecgaim echlach . . . do Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4758 . doecomnacair dremm do Bretnaib doib, Trip. 390 . doreccaim dhó for a chinn aroile duine, Hugh Roe 192 . dorecmaingetar triar do-sum ag im[decht] na conairi, YBL 176b1 . teichemhaid laech dhuit ar an sligid, Lism. L. 3456 . teccemhaidh occ-laech . . . don ti bherus mo chorp-sa lais, BNnÉ 94 . an céadchrann do theigéamhadh dhó the first tree he should find, Keat. ii 2686 . beannughadh do chrois ┐ don comharsain an tan theigéumhaid dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 17 . secip foradhchnoc . . . i n-a tteicemadh imat snechta ┐ oigridh dó on which he should find a quantity of snow and ice, Fl. Earls 192 . With FRI: tegmaid gilla Bríain . . . re gilla Taidg, ZCP viii 231 . doeccaimh cobhlach na bainrioghna friú, AFM v 1870 . gerbó mor an glenn nothegmadh fris, BS 176 . teigemhad sa friut iar ttriochad bliadhan, BNnÉ 103 . teagmhadh mathghamhuin ré duine let a bear meet a man, Proverbs xvii 12 . dá teagma riut duine maith, O'Gr. Cat. 119 . do ghalaraibh le at-teagmhaidis diseases they might meet with, ZCP ii 550 . With AR (FOR): ní cian dochuaid innte in tan tecmaic ar in ndúil diablaide, SG 290 . na srotha . . . an trat[h] tegmas talam lac soscailti orra when they come to loose soluble soil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40 . nó cu teagma ort nuimir óir na bliadna-sa until you hit on the golden number, O'Gr. Cat. 303 . nó co teagmad ort an silla atái d'iaraidh, 300 . imthigem in cruindi . . . co tecema forn an maigden till we find the maiden, Grail 3248 . ná cotail . . . dia tegmad drem folaid ort lest an ambush fall upon thee, ZCP vi 272 .

ingnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ingnas or dil.ie/28682

 

Forms: ingnas, -ingnais, n-ingnais, ingnasaib, ingnais, ingnais, ingnáis, ingnius, ingnais, ingnais, i n-ingnais

n ā, f. (4 in- + gnás see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 189 ) n s. bithingnas (: glas), Liad. and Cuir. 16.z . a s. -ingnais (: mais), Thes. ii 291 § 4 ( Ml. Poems 1 ). d s. īar n-ingnais , Bruchst. § 162. d p. o ingnasaib , LL 119b35 . Later the a s. and d s. form, ingnais, came to be used as n s. : ingnais, ZCP vii 309.24 . ingnáis, Fél.² clxxxv 5. ingnius ( ingnais , v.l.), IT i 80.9 .

absence, loss, deprivation: dignas .i. nī ingnas ē ` infrequency ?,' O'Mulc. 313. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence,' Thes. ii 291 § 4. ol is maith for comgnas | is tromm form for n-i.¤ , Fél. Ep. 380. īar n-ingnais a mennata `von seinem Heimatsitze geschieden,' Bruchst. § 162. a n-ingnius (a ingnais, v.l.) is toirrsi lium (Deirdre, of the sons of Uisnech), IT i 80.9 . ingnáis do chenéoil duit co llaa hecca `thy family absent from thee' (to a cleric), Fél.² clxxxv 5. ni rucaim form t'ingnais-siu `I cannot bear thy absence,' Trip. 174.9 . domgní mūichnech ingnais Érenn, ZCP vii 309.24 = rom lin maith indeccmais E., Reeves Ad. 274.13 . tria hingnais a cuislinne of his flute, D IV 2, 53va22 . Used as vn. : bid maith fri foichill brátha | na duine gnátha d'ingnais not to frequent the society of ordinary people ?, ZCP vii 298.14 . ro badh miann dom mheanmuin-si iongnuis ithfrinn fhuair to avoid , F I 2, p. 273.x.

Most freq. in phrase i n-ingnais meaning

(a)

(i) in the absence of, deprived of, without, absent from: bith i n-ingnaiss do mna, IT i 130.1 . is mitharba lend cach main ... it ingnais, RC xiv 400 § 4. amal atai, a n-ingnais do thlachta `without thy raiment,' Todd Lect. iii 54.17 . cid fata no beith in ingnais in taigi `absent from the house,' Cog. 50.5 . ní in bhar niongnais `it will be in your presence,' BNnÉ 247.7 . ni ro fhedsad treabhadh a niongnais an daim, 186.30 . Conghal ... a n-iongnus na flatha `(who has been) deprived of ...,' ITS v 46.22 . fada les-[s]um comnaidi na nGrec i n-ingnais in chatha `should stay away from the war,' TTebe 2597 . bar n-athair ... beith a n-ingnais a shúl, 4394 . 'na hiongnais fhúair a chabhair | tiomnais uaidh an ealadhain `he bequeathed the art apart from which he obtained help' (i.e. he had ceased to practise it), Studies 1918, 99 § 8 . techt 'na iodhnais nach dóigh dhí, | a Róimh ionnmhais is inmhe, L. Cl. A. B., 257.151 . pibar do berbad ... a mbegan fina no a n-ingnais fina, 23 P 10³, 63b4 .

(ii) not in possession of, not in the possession of: nocha n-airithi lium aithne intí bis a n-ingnais `who is not in possession,' O'Dav. 1306. gin gu beth acht aen baili d'Erinn ina ingnais `not in his possession,' Laws v 50.28 Comm. robudh iasacht gan indlacad dam-sa, imlecán oirechais Ērenn am ingnais, ML² 1411.

(b)

(i) besides, apart from ; except, with the exception of: in begān slūaig do bī ag Finn ... ūair nī raibi acht cūic cēt dēc a n-ingnāis con ┐ gilla a farrad Finn, Fianaig. 70.24 . ised tucad d'ór ┐ d'airgeat as in ingnais séd ┐ cumdach, CCath. p. 116 n. 12 . in n-ingnais i nderna Murchad, Cog. 184.15 . bid mor ri na n-ingnais sin . . do shil Conuill besides these, Fen. 96.21 . maithi Bharun Erenn uile a n-ingnais Iarla Uladh, AU ii 396.14 = inégmuis, ALC i 524.22 . an trat gabus let in cuirp a ningnuis leit in cind `with the exception of' (of paralysis), Rosa Angl. 248.5 . gach lae a n-ingnais lae na haicsisi, 23 P 10³, 65a21 .

(ii) beyond: is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi a ningnuis nadura `praeter naturam,' Rosa Angl. 120.2 . att boill a ningnuis na nadura, 162.8 .

(c) in spite of: indar leis i n-ingnais a ḟesa ┐ a eolais, ba hi Medhbh do-bi ann, ZCP viii 542.14 .

scuirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scuirid or dil.ie/36693

 

v (scor) IGT Verbs § 58 .

I Trans.

(a) unyokes (horses, etc.): scurid in gilla na eochu, LU 8533 ( FB 39 ). scurtir a n-eich, LU 8832 ( FB 62 ). scoirit a n-eochu, TBFr. 57 . ni arlacair Medb . . . ara scorthea a eich, TBC-LL¹ 409 . scuirther a graueidiu (= graige), ZCP viii 103.15 . Note also: noch scuirid a carru, Laws v 260.16 . ? ceithri heich ailius scurtair soer sealba, iv 18.23 (cf. 382.14 Comm . under (c) infra). scorit a cairptiu, LU 9038 ( FB 79 ). gur scuireadh a scafa re sleasaibh an chuain till his boat was moored, Ó Bruad. iii 174.8 .

(b) hence with ellipsis of obj. (cf. II) unyokes, encamps, comes to a halt : scorsit cen chuit fainne | for dind flatha finde `unyoked', Fél. May 17 . scorsit ┐ gabsit dúnad, LU 1650 . scuirit hi tir Chuirc for arbur, Anecd. iii 60.2 . scorais oc Grellaigh `encamped', AU i 428.17 . nī scoirtīs cen immaire | rīg nā rīgdomna aca, RC xiii 393.y . scorais a longport oc Topar G., AFM ii 588.10 . ni ro cobrastair in sruth dia n-ítaid . . . cia ro scuirset uime, BB 494a35 = no scoirset, Alex. 657 . sguirsit ann in Cruithnigh | for tuirtibh tri maighe `settled themselves', Todd Nenn. 138.3 . laoch na scor nár scuir chum scíse who never laid aside the harness of war to seek repose, Hackett xxxix 109 .

(c) releases, sets free : scurthar saor selba .i. curthar na fofir go tochus is in feronn the property of a freeman is released (?), Laws iv 382.14 Comm . (cf. iv 18.23 under (a) supra). ? colaind crochsus, | sgoirsiss for faill finna taebha, ZCP viii 198 § 16 . fuighleach [dar] fágbhadh 'n-a créachtuibh | an cíogh trom an tráth do sguir when the breast released the blood still left in its wounds, DDána 32.32 . Usually with follg. DI: com-gnim scuires in leth eile do chechtar (sic leg.) de `equal responsibility detaches the half from each of them', Laws i 178.26 Comm . noco scuireann adbar ni dfir duisci cause does not diminish the liability of an inciter, iii 158.12 Comm . in ní scoires de in fer bís ina [manchuine] what the man . . . relieves him of, 174.10 Comm . nocha sccuriobh-sa lámh diob ica sraigleadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 635 n. 6 . o rascuirsed na Tiabanda na frasa sin de `when the Thebans discontinued these showers (of missiles) from him', TTebe 4238 . nogo scuiredh a scís dé `that he might put his weariness from him' (perh. intrans. that his weariness might go from him), Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dá chluinsin . . . | sguiridh rí Uisnigh fhilidh the king of U. sends away the poets listening to him (i.e. they do not go of their own accord), L. Cl. A. B. 73.56 . tú sguirfeas cách dá gcogthaibh, TD 21.16 . ní scuirdis in t-ech dia rith cu mba scíth hi did not rest the horse, Marco P. 96 .

(d) stops, brings to an end, finishes : na scor a dhilsi `do not stay (dissolve, annul?) his ownership', O'Dav. 823 . scuirid cat[h cairde] do gres, ┐ noca scuirenn bescna, Laws iii 216.12 Comm . o rascuired sin `now that done by them', TTebe 2465 . sguir . . . t'ábhacht, DDána 67.15 . na cairrge fá mhuigh Macha, | fairrge do sguir a sgucha a sea which has curbed its restlessness (?), L. Cl. A. B. 75.138 . foireand a toigh Th. | nach sgoir doineand duibgeimrid whom bad weather does not hinder, IGT Verbs ex. 507 . do sguirfeadh sruth locha láin (of God), Dán Dé xxvii 28 . sccuir an muilenn, BNnÉ 27.1 . sguir do bhéal a sheanóir shuairc, Oss. iv 54.13 .

II Intrans. Cf. I (b) supra.

(a) ceases, desists, comes to a halt : ? scīth | scuirsit limm lāithe aui Chuinn crōlechtaib `traurig bin ich dass die Krieger . . . sich auf Blutlagern zur Ruhe begeben haben', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 3 (scuirset, MS. See also under scithlim). scuiread cach ath 's cach indber `let every ford . . . cease to vie with it' (Inber mBúada), Metr. Dinds. iii 420.32 . sguirim fodesta, ar rosgribus chena é (scribal note), Rawl. B 512, 41b (cited Plummer MS. notes). scuirim go aimsir oile `I pass to another time' (in a chronicle), CS 14.10 . sguir desist, DDána 53.3 . sguiridh in fiabras `the fever ceases', Rosa Angl. 190.4 . ro imthidh . . . ┐ nir scuir co rainic tempall na ndee, Stair Erc. 76 . go nar sguireadar acht agá sraoighleadh, ML 132.21 . nír sguireadh . . . gá fadógh, Magauran 4008 . ni scurit do sir ag eadarguighi in aein-dia never desist from, ITS xix 38.29 . Note also: scuirid [a cliatha] catha dermára díbh `their . . . battle-hurdles give way', CCath. 1890 (cuirit, v.l.). cor trascair [C.] Mand fón corthi coro scor i mminagib so that he was broken into small fragments, LU 6721 ( TBC-I¹ 2180 ) (or trans.?). in Niall sin . . . | ra scuir in loch finn-glan faei the lake . . . opened beneath him (?), Ériu x 87 § 98 .

(b) with follg. DE: scurem din gaisced sa fodesta let us cease fighting, TBC-LL¹ 3564 . nir scuir dind fhognam `she ceased not from the service', RC xxiv 190.11 . o rascuirsedar da n-imrud, TTebe 1943 . sguiridh an sdair dhe go fóill `the story leaves him for a while', Ériu v 188.450 . nir sguirsit do'n sgainnir, Celt. Rev. iv 120.14 . andsa bliadain si róscuir Beda don croinic . . . do scribad, RC xvii 235.12 . níor sguir dá dhíbheirge dhíobh ceased not to plunder them, TD 7.40 . sguiream . . . dod theagasg, Content. ix 11 . níor sguireas . . . dom dhoighníomh, DDána 25a.13 . scuir dínn is taraigh dot tigh leave us alone, IGT Verbs ex. 231 . puirt luatha . . . | sguirim uatha dá n-áireamh I will enumerate them no further, Dánta Gr. 72.36 . an trat scuires se don tarraing sin when it ceases to exert that attraction (of the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.28 . coná ro sguirsed do'n treathan, MR 256.11 . Note also: scuir ó fheirg, Psalms xxxvii 8 .

sercoi?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sercoi? or dil.ie/37242

 

ind it ē saigdi goine sūain | cech trāt[h]a ind-oidc[h]i adhūair: | s.¤ lie gnāsa īar ndē | fir a tōib tīri Roighne, Ériu ii 15 § 1 (`pangs of love . . . for the company of the man . . .').

siblaid, siblaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. siblaid, siblaigid or dil.ie/37410

 

v (sibal)

(a) trans. and intrans. travels, traverses, proceeds, moves, walks : toingid . . . na ro siubail in gataidi . . . asa fireol do denam in braith, O'Curry 622 ( H 3.18, p. 301 ). airrter na tíre tarrneas; | siblaidh fo crech is fo cain, MacCarthy 126.25 . dā teagmad nā bud āil leis codlad . . . siublaigthear maille rē canntaireacht binn (of an infant), RSláinte 549 . isí so conuir coitchenn gaich æin shiubhlas in doman soir no siar, ┐ ni síubhuil in conuir so . . . æn ridiri . . ., RC x 190.5 . do siblaig móran do thírthaib in domain, xv 87.9 . siubhlaighes o tuinn go tuinn, BNnÉ 185 § 16 . conadh ar .x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam la scéla a dhliged, Marco P. 96 . ar son naemhtachta antí do tsiblaigh hí (of the Holy Land), Maund. 2 . siblaid a timchill na cathrach, 170 . da sibōladh Sadurn cercall an rē `S. would traverse the orbit of the moon', Ir. Astr. Tr. 116.11 . an trat . . . claenas da let deis no cli ┐ nac sibhlaiginn co direch `does not move', 100.11 . d'éis ar shiubhlais do roide `considering all the swamp thou hast travelled', TD 38.3 . sagart díleas . . . shiubhalóchas do láthair mo chuirp féin, Eochairsg. 25.13 . an tí shiobhlas san dorchadas, TSh. 10394 . as amhloidh sin shiobhluidheas duini go simplidhi, Desid. 2662 . do shiubhladur lā agus oidhche go [rabhadur] ag Cenantus marched, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.2 .

(b) of water, flows: abann . . . siblaig sí cacha sathuirnn ┐ bí 'na comnuide feth na sechtmaine ó sin amach, Maund. 113 . a ngarrga (= garrdha) ana siubluigid uisgidi, RSláinte 1672 .

(c) fig. go over, examine : na síubhail go héadtrom orra so, acht an tamall ar gach pongc díobh (of the examination of conscience), Mac Aingil 156.12 .

soillsigud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soillsigud or dil.ie/38348

 

Forms: soillsiochadh

u m. vn. of soillsigidir. soillsiochadh, IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) act of making bright, illuminating, enlightening; illumination, brightness : uii míle aingel i ndelbaib primcainnel oc soilsigud ┐ oc inorchugud inna catrach má cúaird, LU 2056 (FA). fóúaratar soillsi día tánic a s.¤ `from whence came their illumination', Trip.² 5 . dorc[h]aid in sīn a ssoillsigid, ACL iii 235 § 19 . do chum na tuigse do shoillsiughadh, Donlevy iv 14 . Fig. act of making illustrious : do chum a anma féin amháin do shoillsioghadh, Desid. 753 .

(b) act of shining, becoming bright : gris-taitnem na gréne ic glan-shoillsiugadh ós bordimlib in beatha, MR 112.6 . ar lasadh ┐ ar soillsiuccadh an Spiorta Naoimh . . . ann, BNnÉ 192 § 9 . ragreis . . . Luna um soillsiugud do Airgia, TTebe 4697 . an trat bis si ac soillsiugad da lucht iartair an domain, ITS xiv 104.23 . an lā ag soillsiugadh orra, Fl. Earls 6.12 .

tarraing, tairring

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarraing, tairring or dil.ie/40137

 

Forms: —e, tarrang, tarrang, tairreng, tarrang, tairreang, tarraing, tárronga, ttarruingthe

n f. vn. of do-srenga. IGT Decl. § 13 ( 65.z . g s. —e). n s. also tarrang. tarrang tairreng o, m., § 11 (54.7) . tarrang, Desid. 1249 . tairreang, 3777 . The form tarraing is found as g s. in Early Mod. Ir. ( IGT Decl. ex. 367 = DDána 57.3 ). Note also gléus tárronga , John iv 11 (1810) . do chum ar ttarruingthe , Desid. 64.

I In concrete meanings.

(a) drawing, pulling, dragging : sesca dam dia t.¤ na hénmuici, Sc.M² 7. 31 . do th.¤ in hidail as a inad, PH 2078 . tucastar T. trentairring air, TTebe 261 . t.¤ in gai as in aludh to pull the spear out of the wound, Laws v 492.15 Comm. idh ... as an ccomhladh fri a t.¤ chucca a ring in the door by which to pull it towards them, AFM vi 1898.5 . na heachraidhi ... ag trēn-t.¤ a gcōistidhi, Fl. Earls 186.12 .

(b) pulling out, tearing away : mirti ... arna t.¤ a tendtaib talman, TTebe 1564 . ag t.¤ a fuilt tearing her hair, Études Celt. i 83.3 . ag t.¤ na leinedh ... da chorp, Stair Erc. 2511 . a ttáobh rioghacht do tharruing súas ┐ do leagadh síos `to pluck up, and to pull down,' Jeremiah xviii 7.

(c) drawing, tearing asunder with horses (a form of execution) : a th.¤ edir eachaibh, AFM iii 426.14 . drong do th.¤ o chéle dibh, iii 550. y . iter chrochad ┐ marbad ┐ t.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1333.2 .

(d) drawing in a net : 's an líon t.¤ i dtá sinn | go lá a th.¤ ní thuigim and the dragnet (?) in which I am caught ... till it is drawn in, DDána 57.3 . ? Cf. fág líon a tharruing astteagh | líon a cCalluinn sul chuirthear, IGT Decl. ex. 457 . luath-foibirt cacha srotha .i. slan aen-t.¤ in lin `one pull at the net,' Laws v 482.24 , 484.10 (text and Comm.).

(e) attraction (of heavenly bodies) : as mar sin tairrnges an re uisci na fairrgi ... ┐ an trat scuires se don t.¤ sin and when that attraction ceases, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.28 .

II In concrete meanings of a less literal nature.

(a) drawing, directing, carrying (of water, etc.) : [.iii. tir] dár nach usu in tuisci da th.¤ , Laws iv 214.24 Comm. co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da th.¤ `that she was compelled to draw the water of Tara,' RC xxiv 190.8 . ag t.¤ deoch | a gallaing drawing wines from galleons, DDána 91.53 . dochum ... nach dtiocfa mé annso da th.¤ (of water), John iv 15.

(b) drawing (breath) : go ttug anam diobh tarrang dia anail forsan righ, BNnÉ 185 . x. ac tairring an aoir cuigi, Rosa Angl. 106.16 . ag t.¤ a anáile, TSh. 1896.

(c) Med. drawing (blood, etc.) : is uada sin (i.e. certain parts of the body) is coir an tairring do denumh, Rosa Angl. 32.16 . fognuid tairring ann sin tunc competit pharmacia, 54.8 . gebe neach da tabair purgoid ... nach incoisg don tarrang no gu ngaba tart e `the purging should not be ceased,' Éigse iii 108.8 . da mbia tairring laidir let atis don sgairt cleib ` tension ,' Rosa Angl. 184.11 .

(d) extracting, translating, copying (of books) : trāchtad annso arna thairring a leabraib laidianda, ZCP xii 294.4 . An Teagasg Críosduidhe ... air na tharruing ... as bréithir shoilléir Dé, Donlevy ii 6 . an obairsi do tharrang a Laidin a n-Gaedilg, O'Don. Gram. 290.

(e) a written character, letter : tairring sothuicsinach donīther ar in meamram, ZCP xii 294.14 .

(f) making for, going towards (with various prepp.) : Maghnus ... d'elodh esde ┐ t.¤ go caislén locha an sccuir, AFM iv 718.3 . an chríoch dheigheanach dochum a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreng, Ó Héodhusa 47.3.

III In abstract senses.

(a) inducing, inciting, instigation : na huli Cristaige ... do th.¤ co hadrad hídal, PH 365 . dochum na n-eiriciodh féin do thairreang chum creidimh, Desid. 4386 . Cathal ... do marbhadh do gallaibh ar t.¤ Mic Fheorais `by the procurement of,' AFM iii 380.17 . Cf. do chuir tarruing ar O Neill chuige `he summoned O'N. to him,' L. Chl. S. 18.18 . do thuitim iar t.¤ ceilcce da combrathair fair `having been treacherously betrayed,' AFM vi 2016.z . robaí cuid dóibh-sidhe a tt.¤ Shémais `these were in confederacy with James,' v 1714.8 .

(b) fer t.¤ inciter, ringleader (?): badh é an t-oineach mh'fear tarroing (` decoy (?)'), Ériu ix 163 § 6 . fear [tarraing] ... é dá chloinn | i gcion Ádhaimh ` leader ,' Dán Dé xv 15 . mar th.¤ `as an advance guard,' Content. xxii 23 . t.¤ eolach arrachta `leader,' Aithd. D. 80.29 n.

(c) drawing on oneself, incurring (of love, anger, etc.): do tharroing ar dtola oraibhsi seach chach eile, RC iv 352.3 (O'Cl.). eagla a easgcáirdeasa do th.¤ orainn, TSh. 5441.

(d) Various: ac t.¤ a feadma ... astu making use of them (oxen), Laws iii 268.17 . do sheanfhoclaibh ... dobadh tarbhach do th.¤ chum gnáthaigthe, Desid. 31 . ? masad tánacais dom brath | 's do th.¤ mo shaegulrath `to curtail my gift of life,' SG 57.10 . ? Cf. tréan t.¤ a-tá gar mbrath | an corp codaltach craosach, Aithd. D. 80.29 . Of family descent: an chaor shlóigh tanig tar tuinn | doibh atámuid da th.¤ I am showing him to be descended from, A V 2, 27 . ag iarraidh síodha do th.¤ idir Laighnibh ┐ rígh Mumhan `to arrange peace,' Keat. iii 3184 . gach faraire ... do thairg | tarrang a mbeatha fá bhratachaibh imchéine `every champion who tried to eke out his livelihood,' Ó Bruad. iii 20.

Compd.: tucustair tendad ┐ tarraing-drutad ... fair `dragging and squeezing,' CCath. 2958.

téigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. téigid or dil.ie/40359

 

Forms: tégad

v [? i]

(a) Trans. warms, heats: níor mhór gur théighedh a héadach uimpe, RC xxix 132.5 . notheigtís in tálmain úasaib (of underground animals), ix 474.14 . lestur ... no teighthi usci and, IT iii 191.z . ro téigh ... in grian roimpi uile neóllu ... inn aéoir, CCath. 2329 . téighfid tendala in adhnaid | scing reoidh in ruisc `will thaw,' O'Gr. Cat. 452.6. do téidheadh a taobh sleamhain | le heol `well hath its polished side been warmed with lime,' Manners and Customs iii 58 . go dtéighfe trí tealluighe `till he has lighted fire on the three hearths,' Aithd. D. 30.8 . fear ... | théighfeas teallach na sinnsear, DDána 117.19 . tús t'ḟéine suil tí a tennta | téighi an cherdcha a rí rompa, IGT Decl. ex. 282 . Hence of feelings, passions, etc. warms, excites: ro marbh M. mo macsa | ba romor rodomtheissi greatly did it anger me (?), AU i 296.x . sgél do théigh gruaidh re ngleoágh news which flushed the cheek ..., IGT Decl. ex. 933 . comhrádh Dé ní théigheann | ... | mo chroidhe, PBocht 22.19 . ? Here also: teagar ar adbalmór forra `great carnage was inflicted on them,' SG 37.1 .

(b) Intrans. grows warm, hot: thuc rith a grēin mar do gein | cor tēigh in bith da bruithin, ACL iii 244 § 15 . lann fhuar fhéinidh Chonmaicne | téigidh a crúadh cheinnberti grows warm on the steel of the helmet, IGT Decl. ex. 1085 . na críochtha o theine do théigh `the territories heated by fire,' Rel. Celt. ii 228.18 . teighiss in leac [oigridh] ō aidhbhle ┐ ō līnmhaire na ndaoine, Fl. Earls 56.17 . in trat teidhfis an taer, Ir. Astr. Tr. 148.12 . Hence of personal feelings: an turussa fa ttéigh mé `whereat I grow hot,' Studies 1919, 257 § 12 . In phrase t.¤ re warms to, grows fond of: Dia nír théigh re trócoire `grew not ardent for mercy,' PBocht 17.2 . Cf. 5.19 . go dtéighinn rem Thighearna, DDána 46.22 . a ghnúis ghairthe re dtéigh tol, 92.44 . téigh re cneas chéile L., TD 1. 13 .

Vn. tégad.

1 tend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tend or dil.ie/40489
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (1 tendaid, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 198 ).

(a) strong, firm, hard, severe, vigorous: aitteand .i. aiththeand acht (no sech) is áith is teand, Corm. 4 . Of persons: ticfa in tailcend t.¤ , LU 9895 . rī tenn, ZCP viii 119 § 3 . gan bheith teann i dtigh nimhe | ... | ni bhiú I shall not be un-strong in the house of heaven, Dán Dé xiv 20 . cara teann tairise, DDána 7.24 . h-I Shégda fa tenn torad, Hy Fiach. 226.3 . mé dho bheith teann a nadhuigh dhruinge dháirighthe, 2 Cor. x 2 . Of parts of the body: co súilib dessaib tennaib, SR 5555 . tenna a cnis `with stout bodies,' Éigse ii 108 § 2 . modh o fercc bit na suile tenn ` protruding ,' Rosa Angl. 56.15 . Of the earth, places, etc.: o thalmain tinn, SR 143 . Temair t.¤ , ZCP viii 116 § 9 . Of fire: a rruisc ... immar chaera tenda tentide, TBC-LL¹ 6148 . teine t.¤ trēn `strong, mighty fire,' Ériu iii 144 § 9 . Cf. clóidme teanda tenntige, PH 8111 . da nathraigh ... ┐ ruisc gera lasarda leo ┐ siat teanna tenntide, Aen. 489 . Of abstract ideas: is tenn a menma-som firm , Bruchst. i 24 § 54 . toirrsi theann, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.119 . Of the religious life austere: mo chrábud tenn `my severe piety,' BColm. 52.8 . ná bad roth.¤, ná bad lax (of monastic government), Ériu iii 104 § 33 . epscoip tenna ` austere ,' Gorm. July 21 . Various: is t.¤ mo chris, RC ii 113 § 14 . in doman robo t.¤ fort anallana, PH 8125 . día ris mo thuaith tind, LU 10868 . feinnigh cró fa tenn ar toir, LL 394.43 . tūairgnech na tromchloidhimh | bid t.¤ don tslūagh, ZCP viii 212.8 . cluiche tenn `a mischievous game,' Triads 90 . cīsa tenna is tuarustla severely imposed, ZCP iv 237.13 . cidh t.¤ do bērla bladhach boastful , vi 265 § 25 . tabhair mo lann ... | go ccuirinn treasfhaobhar teann | ar a glantaobhaibh `a firm battle-edge,' Studies 1923, 599 § 12 . rug dar n-annsa eachdra thinn, IGT Decl. ex. 857 . maor í Chuinn is teann tobhaigh `is secure of tribute,' TD 10.43 . Mag-uidir ... | ar cach uile as teand dtabaigh, ZCP ii 354.27 . gan tacha tinn `without stiff bargaining,' AFM ii 822.12 . ruathar tenn, Cog. 76.19 . itche thenn, SG 389.21 . gér bha teann an teidhm, ML 8.2 .

Adv. tagra go teann `to make stout stand,' Content. xxviii 58 . ó táthaoi-se astigh go teann `since ye are fast inside,' Ériu i 22.90 . Féis Temrach ... dogníthí in tan sin go tenn ` strictly ,' O'Gr. Cat. 578.22. ór is nár a rád co tenn | muna fédtar a chomall `to speak too stiffly,' SG 107.14 . Cf. cor bris gach oirbi t.¤ co talmuin `clean to the ground,' RC xviii 151.3 .

Compar. ni bai dóere bad teinné, SR 3675 . tenniu a chuindsc[l]iu chaintocud, BDD² 1020 . ua tendi tomhaitheam Tid ... na bacur P., TTebe 1439 . teinde ris in ugdar seoit do beith a laim nech `the author thought it more sure' (Plummer MS notes), H 5.15, 24a ( O'D. 1664 ). ní as tinne ná mo lucht leasa | do-rinne an t-ucht deas-sa ar Dia, DDána 30.9 . With de: tinnide ár spéis id bhuime `my love ... for thy nurse is increased,' Ó Bruad. i 22 . Superl. ? tinnem ruccae ruis sin (name of letter r in Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin), Auraic. 5570 . Cf. tindi rucae, 5572 . an trat bis an re a nenceime ris an ngrein is annsin as mo ┐ as tinne a solus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.8 . tú an tóir is tinne 'n-a leanmhain, Aithd. D. 97.31 . an tan ba tinne a taobh gheal ` stoutest ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4.

(b) With prepositions. t.¤ ar severe on; powerful over: a ógbhadh ... ar ar thinne caomhfhile, DDána 70.17 . teann ar aicme an dá Eoghain `powerful over,' Aithd. D. 15.30 . 's bheith go teann ar thruduiribh `to smite heavily brawlers,' Content. xxiv 18 . 's gan tú teann ar chlannaibh Táil `for you do not impress C. T. (?),' xix 1 . teann ise ar a haradhain `pulls at her rein' (of a horse), Studies 1933, 407 § 15 . comadh teann ar Mhuire me | go mbé a guidhe leam gach laoi importunate (?), Dán Dé ii 25 . gomadh teann ar Mícheál mé, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 8. Cf. xx 13 . t.¤ as confident in, on account of: an chíoch asa teann ar dtagra, DDána 30.1 . an barr asa teann tusa (`the victory of which you are proud'), Content. xxiv 27 . as t'fhocal ní fhuilim teann, Dánta Gr. 88.7 .

(c) Gramm. of letters of the alphabet, including -ll-, -nn-, -rr-, -ng- and unlenited consonants: na cúig connsuine theanna, IGT Introd. 6.3 . an tan teaguimh .n. ┐ .d. no dá .n. dá chéile a ccomhfhocal do-ní .n. teann díobh, 13.14 . beithe teann, duir theann 'unlenited b, unlenited d', Celtica xxvii 59 § 4 . tinne theann, Celtica xxvii 59 § 6 . See also leth compds.

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤adbar: Sefraid ... t. taisig na hAngaili, Ann. Conn. 1375.16 . ¤blad: ar tend-blaid `secure fame,' Metr. Dinds. iv 340.21 . ¤boga: um theann-bhogha ` taut ,' Content. viii 22 . ¤bríg: Cassian tuir co tennbrig, Gorm. Aug. 5 . ¤buille: tennbhuille casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . ¤choir: do cer Tait, tenn-coir nar tim, | do laim R., Leb. Gab.(i) 212.19 . ¤chol: ciarbo thenn-col `a heavy reproach,' Metr. Dinds. iv 224.20 . ¤eire: leó ag tabhairt a dteannoireadh, TD 16.26 . ¤fheidm: 's bhar dteinn-fheidhm d'ualach oruibh, Content. xiv 21 . ¤fhocal: labhair trá do theann-fhocal `your arrogant words,' xxiii 4 . ¤grád: a aicme ar ar dhoirt mo thoil-se a tionnghrádh dil, Hackett vii 5 . ¤guth, Studies 1920, 417.15 . ¤maithe: bá do theannmaithibh Gall Mumhan eisidhe, AFM v 1706.5 . ¤medón: lénti ... co t. traiged dóib, TBC-LL¹ 183 . rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104 § 50. ? ¤nél: fuair a brath ba tennél tair | sa chath re ceinēl Eogain it was a dense cloud in the east, BB 58a44 . Aristarcus tenn-Poil, Gorm. Aug. 4 . ¤ponc: do réir na n-ughdar dtromdha | admhas uile an teann-phonc-sa `this important point,' Content. xvi 159 . ¤rath: amnirt indiu mac Senbath | ar ro scarad re th., LU 1251 . ¤rí: Fland ... | tendrig Fotla feraind, Fél. 6.9 . ? ¤ruidiud: na dinruide .i. na derna tennruidhiudh indligthech `unlawful information,' Laws iii 56.12 Comm. indrud .i. orguin, ut est buirech indrud, ┐ ata tennruidhe[dh] mar sin ` damage ,' O'Dav. 1129. See tinnriud, tinnruide. ¤sáith: im ur dia tumadh ┐ a tennsaith dóib di, Laws ii 150.3 Comm. a teannsaith do na bochtaib `full sufficiency,' iii 20.3 Comm. ¤tech : do thogbháil a teinnteach mbúidh, DDána 93.38 . ¤treise : meic Erca tenn-treise, Gorm. Apr. 19 . ¤uide severe, difficult journey (?) (in Laws in etymological gloss on tuinide) : im tuinide raitig .i. im in tennuide (sic leg.) beiris as in ti dana tech in rot `difficult journey,' Laws i 128.25 Comm. tuinide raitaig .i. ... tenduidi berus in ti dara teg in rot, iv 28.6 Comm. is hí a theandoide ... teacht ōn topur ... conuice a leabaidh féin (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 249 . Cf. Fen. 184.27 .

(b) With adjj. ¤aeb: Tirsus t. `austere and beautiful,' Gorm. Jan. 28 . ¤bágach: tigerna tennbhághach, Rel. Celt. ii 168.3 . ¤cháid: Celestinus t., Gorm. Apr. 7 . ¤garg: mo ghort ni treorach tenngharg, BS 86.x . ¤gluair : na h-eist-siu ris na stoccaib tendgluaire Tirrannda, TTebe 1331 . ¤mer: na dtres dtinnmher, O'Gr. Cat. 510.12. ¤mín: Conna tennmín, Gorm. Apr. 12 . ¤mór: Tola tendmor, Mar. 30 . ¤óc: t'Aedoc tarbech t., July 13 . ¤óg: Pancratius tuir thendog, Apr. 3 . ¤roscach: for dírmaib dronaib tendroscachaib, LL 273b12 . ¤sháithech: muinnter ... | d'ócaib dercaib tennsadchib ` firm-fed ,' MacCongl. 39.8 . do gleicc na tarb tennsaiteach, Bodl. Dinds. 28.

(c) With verbs and verbal nouns. ¤doirtid: noco tenndoirtit as na cuir `do not abrogate,' Laws iv 56.17 Comm. ¤fhastaid (ad-suidi): iat rothennfhastsat cach cath `who strictly checked every fight,' Metr. Dinds. iii 12.131 . ¤gabaid : ón tSionainn ... | teinnghéabhaidh go seantuinn `he will seize all land up to,' Studies 1929, 593 § 3 . iar ttechtadh ┐ iar ttendghabhail an tíre, AFM v 1664.18 . ¤goirid: do theannghoir teallach an chígh `the furnace of His breast was heated,' Aithd. D. 63.30 . ¤lenmain: Síol Suibhne ... | ... | dá dteinnleanmhain ní treoir ghearr | i seinleabhraibh eoil Éireann, DDána 102.15 . ¤opad: tennopad in chathaigthe do Achíl, TTr.² 1396 . ¤rith: 'na teinnrioth atá an chruinne, Aithd. D. 98.11 . leig a teinn-reath léd theangaidh `full course,' Content. x 1.

tigernas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tigernas or dil.ie/40740

 

n o and u, m. (tigerna).

(a) lordship, dominion, possession: tigernas an tire, ALC i 344.9 . do ghabhail tighearnusa Corcomodhruadh, AFM ii 618.1 . ar tighernus an betha, ZCP xi 124.30 . [a] beth bliadain am thigernus, Fier. 171 . ergi as a shudi thigernais, PH 2641 . tilach airechais ┐ tigernais Herend, LU 3439 . tulach tighearnais i tarrathar triar `metaph. of a man in whose family the chieftainship has been for three generations' (Plummer MS. notes), Laws iv 378.13 Comm. cf. ZCP xv 248.15 .

(b) dues or territory of a chief: a uile chíos ┐ tighernus, Fl. Earls 28.25 . muc 's a ngníomh o sin amach | da n-íocfaidh tighearnus ris an Sionnach, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.8 . do chuir a lán do tigernusaibh eile fa smacht, ALC ii 306.24 .

(c) power, dominance: má bheir Dia do thiagharnus damhsa | bheith slán ón láimh seo do leónadh, Hackett xxvi 1 . . . . bis tigernas ag lind ruadh, Rosa Angl. 4.17 . et as mar sin ata tigernas an da duil ele timcill a caili fein, ITS xiv 14.19 . do reir tigernduis adburdha . . . do reir tiger[n]duis delbta = dominio materiali . . . dominio formali, Rosa Angl. 88.12 . an trat gabhas cail acu tigernas ar in cail ele `prevails over,' ITS xiv 60.y . on craidi ata . . . cathugud ┐ tigearnus ┐ fearg arrogance (?), Ériu ix 63.17 .

2 tiug

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tiug or dil.ie/40992

 

adj u

(a) thick, dense : binit .i. benait .i. benaid in n-as co mbí t.¤ .i. techt, Corm. Y 125 . nas .i. t.¤, naus graece, piger latine, ar is moille in loim t.¤ quam in loim tanae, O'Mulc. 827 . cúlmonga tiuga, BDD² 1274 . croicenn t.¤ uimpi, TTebe 3733 . smerdnide smir guala guirm | buale th.¤ tuirn tulcid ass, PRIA xix C 540 § 2 . for lochaib tiugaib téchtaigib, PH 8295 . a lind báin, tonn-maigrigh, thigh ` turgid ,' Ériu iv 224.7 . srotha móra tonngarbha tiugha teinntidhi, RC xxviii 310 § 6 . cor chuir in tonn t.¤ da treoir | ben Palaip maic Eremoin, Metr. Dinds. iii 434.35 . do-thaét in tond tuile tig | bāidis dia eis in n-ingin, iv 60.47 . an t-ár t.¤ ar chlainn Fheidhlimidh, ML 140.18 . cluiche in righ do beith co t.¤ , AU ii 512.10 . fan gcéibh dtigh ngéig-fhiarbhuig ngloin, DDána 91.37 . madh tiugh an tadhbur, Rosa Angl. 186.5 . in trat teidhfis an taer tiudh sin ` condensed ,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 148.13 .

(b) solid : ní chluinethar in corp t.¤ trom in n-anmain n-aerda, LL 275b18 . senchaide in talman tig, Ériu vii 228.5 . ar techt ar in talmhain tigh, IGT Decl. ex. 772 . ar talmuin tigh (: fuaidridh), ZCP xii 385.11 . is me an chré ['n-a] talmhain tigh, DDána 42.17 .

Equative ba tigither fál fidbaide, Alex. 739 . Compar. as tigiu .i. as methiu gl. crassioris, Ml. 20b1 . innus nar tigi cith cloichsnechta ... inaid clocha na caemtalman, Stair Erc. 1550 . is tighi in fual, Rosa Angl. 270.7 . an cainnleoir práis is tighe ... dá bhfuil ann, TSh. 5049.

As subst.

(a) thick part (cf. 1 tana): o thana [a] thaib co t.¤ a oxaille, TBC-LL¹ 2562 . co ngeib ar t.¤ a bán-ṡliasat co cumtuch a chuirp, LL 189a53 . itir a t.¤ ocus a tana, ZCP xiv 351.13 . re taca ocus re t.¤ na talman, MR 284.25 .

(b) density, press, crowd : ruc tiubh an tsluaigh air, AU iii 40.19 . i t.¤ int shluaig, TTebe 3298 . mara róibhi tiugh na nIubhal, Fier. § 215 . do tanuigheadh tiogh an tsluaigh, DDána 85.22 . tangadur tiugh na Féinde eturru, Acall. 6724 . t.¤ ... in airlig, MR 240.13 . co ro tanaighedh a tiugh co ro h-uirbhernaigh a n-uasail, AFM vi 2072.8 . go ttothacht ┐ go ttiugh a shloigh, 2100.7 . tánic Iarla Urmhumhan go [d]tiugh sluaigh go B[oile] Áth Truim, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 47.29 .

Compds. ¤ár heavy slaughter : slaidfid for slúagu slana | fo chiuchra for tiugára, LU 4582 (TBC). dorad tiughāra mōra foraib, ZCP xiv 263.9 . go rabhadar tiughára mora ar na Gailianaibh, CRR² 44 . ¤ár-dáil meeting of heavy slaughter: ra-chommoratar in tigardail i cend Conaill, CRR § 46 . ¤bainne thick milk: croinntile .i. tiughbainne, O'Dav. 571. ¤déantach closely wrought: go tirim tiuigh-dhéantach, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ¤formnach thick-shouldered: tarb torachta tiugformnach, CCath. 955 . la cúl tuaighe truime tiughfhormnaidhe, AFM v 1818.14 . ¤fhuar frozen: linnte tiughfhúara téachtaighthe, ML 130.14 . ¤gáill thick jaw?: a meic dūir daill iffirnn, a thicāill (: gipāin, Britāin), Bruchst. i 28 § 63 . ¤lagin pottage: doberar seland dóib hi tiuglagin nó for arán, Mon. Tall. 146.z . dogeni fadesin ind tiuglaigin allae sin, 147.6 . ¤lind turgid lake: is fatha trúag in tiug-lind, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.100 . ó 'tbath Rí co ngestul grinn | fo thescul is fo thiug-lind, 458.104 . maidm Locha Rí, dar cach rind | ba tairm tacha, ba tiugh-lind, 108 . ¤nár strong and modest?: mac Tuathail techtmhair tiúgnair, BB 231a47 = Keat. iii 110.8 .

toirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toirt or dil.ie/41287
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. (Originally tort, n.? cf. lamtort n-irgala, infra.).

(a) weight, mass; pile, heap : lamtort n-irgala `Armeswucht des Kampfes,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 2 . ro-thinól dīn-t.¤ tachtai | na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5971 . co tuititis ina tortib tamnaigthib, CCath. 3597 . ina tortuib tamnai[g]thi ┐ ina mēidhib móilderga, Fianaig. 94.15 . tentide dar medón cuirp | talman tene na throm-thuirt, PRIA xvi 230 § 2. Of a fire: fogníd in cech throm-thuirt te | tene longphuirt is longse, Metr. Dinds. iii 332.23 . roscí rí Cuilt, in curaid, | ina thuirt 'sin trom-thulaig, iv 236.32 . t.¤ teinneadh treathanmhóire ar bhfadughadh, Oss. iii 76.2 .

(b) crowd: tuirt mor do maithib ... i na thimchell co dluith, Alex. 65.

(c) size, bulk: muicín na muc | nior mhór a t.¤ , Irish Texts i 25 § 3 . an trat is mor a solus as bec a t.¤ ar a fad uainn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.y . dar leat ni mō nā tort choncruinne luaithe do bhí aige, Feis Tighe Chonáin 990 . t.¤ an teagaisg Chríosduighe se, Donlevy iv 2 . thosuigh sé ag caitheadh leó gur mharbh sé tort cruaiche féir, GJ vii 107b44 .

(d) form, image: do bhrígh nach baoghlach ... go nadharfuid ... na Críosduighthe t.¤ no cosamhlacht aoinneithe `image,' Donlevy 58.17 .

(e) t.¤ (i) esteem, regard (for): nochan fuil t.¤ ann festa | acht gurub seng gasta a roba, BNnÉ 145 xii 7 . beg sníma isin saoghalsa | mór a th.¤ na thigerna, SG 18.19 .

? an óigi atú isin t.¤ (troid, v.l.) | ní móidi is dú ina (mo, v.l.) díboirt, IGT Decl. ex. 1192.

Compds. ¤buillech of heavy blows: ar claidbib tromma tortbullecha, TBC-LL¹ 3699 . cath Tlachtga ba tortbuillech, RC xxix 212 § 9 . doghabh a chlaidhemh trom tortbhuillech, 128 § 37. tarb-chodnach ... tortbuillech, MR 254.8 . ¤ḟlaith strong prince (?): maic Rechtada Rigderg tortflaith, Alban, Rawl. 148b13 . ¤gal heavy battle, tumultousness: tortgal ocus tuaith- t. belach na troch, MR 316.25 . á tortgail tindenais ocus a tuisleadaig tuaithbil, 318.3 . See turtgal. Tuirtrí s.v. tort.