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coimdemnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimdemnacht or dil.ie/10164

 

n ā, f. (coimdiu, see GOI 167 ). lordship, rule : dliged coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib ref. to dominationis, Ml. 17b6 . in c.¤ gl. dominatum, 35a4 . do thoisigecht ┐ choimdinecht (sic) donaib trebaib ref. to potentiæ diuinæ, 101c7 . óinch.¤ ref. to dominus, 114d6 . dochomdemnacht donaib poplib ref. to princeps, 123b3 .

comlán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlán or dil.ie/11405
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: comlana, cocomlan

adj (lán) complete, perfect: soni. toni comlana , BCr. 18c3 . a rosc anglése c.¤ the perfect bright one, Thes. ii 293.22 . Of persons: i n-inad Chrīst comlāin, ACL iii 222.14 . secht meic comlāna C., Corp. Gen. 273.24 . huag .i. cómlan, Fél.² xcvii 7 . plenus oma .i. duine c.¤ (gl. lánama), O'D. 297 ( H 3.17, 233 ). mad a [cōic] trebaib comlanaib, Laws v 514.21 . trí cét coirae comlána, BDD² 1042 . ceol comlan `perfect', MacCarthy 44.5 . gibe dus-genad c.¤ `will perform them fully', Ériu xix 7 § 4 . uair cómlán, Alex. 729 . fiche cét c.¤ , MR 62.z . Adv. cocomlan, RC x 188.5 . bliadain 7 xx co comlan `full twenty-one', Ann. Conn. 1245.14 . Compar.: ciniud bas chomlániu, LL 1598 = Leb. Gab.(i) 252.5 . Superl.: is i nG. is cómláni ro-forcan Í., PH 3419 . da chomhartha . . . is comlaine, MR 114.7 . Of letters : coll comhlán 'complete c', Celtica xxvii 59 § 6 . gach coill ... chomhlán, DDána 113.23 . Cf. comṡlán.

díthle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthle or dil.ie/16880

 

io, n. vn. of 1 do-tlen act of taking away; theft; damage (?): dithle seoit .i. gat seoit, H 3.18, 247 (O'Curry 470). dithle .i. adhbhal eloidhthe, O'Don. Suppl. ? mad be rígh rofessir . . . dithle mesraid, Laws iv 340 . flaith dithle set (.i. nogata na seoit), v 358 . dithgus dithlai, ZCP xii 366.10 (see díthchus). cis ndithle do trebaib nā tuillet dīre, ib. 26 . dithle duind, Laws v 440 = dithli duinn .i. donn .i. flaith. Cith dotlen side ara cheli, O'Curry 862 ( H 3.18 389b ). co mbe dithle ith ┐ blicht `destruction of corn and milk', Laws v 450 . flaith dire dithle .i. is les dire nach gaide gatar ann, O'Curry 465 ( H 3.18 245 ). in fear bes dithle ciniudh seanoir eisidhe cen neach da chiniudh etc., O'D. 2291 ( Rawl. B 506, 27c ).

1 do-rorban

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-rorban or dil.ie/18394

 

Forms: dufórban, dundórbiamni, dofórbiat, duforbaithe, etir-a-tórbie, ruthórbasa, andorórpai, darorbai, dororban, durorbanat, dom-rorbae, dundórbiat, dororbai, tororbai, torbae

Verb of uncertain form and analysis. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 445) postulates a compound *to-ro-ben-(bí-) influenced in meaning by a hypothetical *to-for-fen-, Thurneysen a verb *to-for-bí in meaning arrives ( GOI § 551 ) and for the meaning profits a back-formation from torbae (to-ro-+bae profit) ( § 852 ), both influenced in form by benaid and its compounds.

I comes, arrives, happens to, reaches. Indic. pres. 3 s. dufórban gl. eveniat, Ml. 61a22 . Colum, Cainnech . . . nistorband gach tōir every pursuit does not reach them (?), ZCP x 53.20 . Subj. pres. 1 pl. dundórbiamni gl. pervenire, Ml. 105b6 . 3 pl. dofórbiat gl. pervenire, 27a10 . Imperf. pass. duforbaithe gl. veniretur, 31c11 . Cf. Fut. 2 s. etir-a-tórbie gl. te interfuturum esse, 135d2 . Perf. 1 s. and 3 pl. ní ruthórbasa is inn insce sea . . . hírothorbatar maithir that I did not arrive at this expression . . . at which my fathers arrived, 44b29 . 3 s. andorórpai gl. veniens, Sg. 196b8 . darorbai .i. is ái in cin it has come to him, i.e. his is the crime, 203a18 . dotrorbai peist a Senchain! . . . Is de sin robai dosum Senchan Torpeist .i. Senchan dororba (dororpa, LB) peist S. to whom the monster came, Corm. Y 1059 . (of birth of Cormac) in mac dororba nem a chommáidem the child whose triumph has reached heaven (?), SG 253.31 . Perf. pass. promptum est .i. is aurlam nó dorarbad, Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 ).

II profits, advantages, helps. Indic. pres. 3 s. dororban gl. proficit, Ml. 62a20 . ní torban dom níi disin, Wb. 12b32 . ní torban na áe manibǽ desercc, 33 . ballorb .i. ball doforban na fileda a aicce (?), RC xiii 269 ( BB 326a ). nim-tormann-sa comlond do dhenam re gilla og amhulchach it is of no advantage to me (or perh. in meaning I), xiv 266 § 61 . ní mo thorbond, céb eadh de | nochom chobrand mo chríne, Ériu iv 160.11 . pl. durorbanat gl. prosunt, Ml. 43b5 . im fulusa cacha cethra na torbenat of animals that are not profitable, Laws i 184.14 ( .i. nocho toirichniget ní do neoch . . . .i. na tarbnaiget, 190.14 Comm. ). annad torbanat gl. non . . . expedientes, BCr. 42d1 ( Thes. ii 29 ). ? .vii. seoit sóerait do torla toirbenat, O'Dav. 1594 . ? fuider ni beir cin comfocais, muna cuic treaba toirbeanadar unless five households help him (?), Laws iv 38.19 = manib i cuig trebaib torbenaiter, v 514.21 . Subj. pres. 3 s. dom-rorbae domm théti . . . rith roráith in slóg sa may it profit me, Fél. Prol. 25 . gu ra torba do neoch a foghnum, Laws v 218.24 Comm. Fut. 3 pl. dundórbiat gl. profuturos, Ml. 120d14 . Perf. 3 s. dororbai gl. proficeret, 123d5 . tororbai in bendachtu do Buan, Lec. 270b9 .

Vn. torbae.

fintiud, fintiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fintiud, fintiu or dil.ie/22168

 

Forms: finntiu, findtiu, fintiud, finntid, fintiu, fintiuch, finteadha, fintiuga, finnteda, finteda, finntiga, findtigha, fintedaib

n f. cf. isi trisfintiu, Laws iv 164.13 ( SM Facs. 11a ). finte ... cotafille fodail, Laws iv 286.6 ( SM Facs. 5a ). See Ir. Recht p. 71 . Forms vary: n s. finntiu, Laws iv 38.14 . findtiu, v 462.1 . a d s. fintiud, ii 282.7 . ZCP xii 365.6 . finntid, Laws iii 54.7 . ar fintiu , SM Facs. 38a ( Laws ii 330 ). ar fintiuch ib. ( 332 ). g s. finteadha, Laws ii 280.14 Comm. fintiuga, 332.3 Comm . ( SM Facs. 38a ). n p. (?) finte, Laws iv 286.6 . a p. finnteda, 286.3 . finteda, v 514.22 . finntiga, iv 44.3 . findtigha, 38.10 . d p. fintedaib, 166.25 ; 206.8 . Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiv 371 land which is the hereditary possession of a member of a `fine', which cannot be alienated without consent of the other members and reverts to the `fine' if he leaves no heirs at death. In Laws glossed `dūthaig fine' and `dūthchas f.¤ ' (brat[h]airsi `kindred' in Laws ii 332.18 ) and translated `tribe land', `tribe property', is mesiuch cach fear fine cunai a fintiud, Laws ii 282.7 (see ZCP xiv 370 ). trebar cach conae a finntid oigi foric (prudent is everyone who maintains his inheritance entire as he finds it Laws iii 54.7 ( SM Facs. 52b ). gaire adruidleacht finntiu maintenance chargeable on (lit. which had claims on) the `f.¤' Laws ii 282.12 ( SM Facs. 33b ). mad dligtechu ar ord flatha flaith ceniu[i]l techta na be dligtechu ar fintiu (.i. ar duthaig na fine), Laws ii 330.7 , 18 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). fuidhir mad a trebaib comlanaib comrannad finteda `shares in the tribe lands' Laws v 514.12 . ingen ar meraib ... dedlaid fri fine, conrannaside finnteda on med addaimther i fini, Laws iv 286.3 (cf. O'Dav. 1261 ). ni aes confodla finntiu .i. nochan ar aesmairecht fodeligther ae induithig na fine, O'Curry 732 (< H 3.18, 350 ). usci tuiridne ... isuide ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine, iarfine ┐ indfine hi fintedaib griain, Laws iv 166z . issi innfine i fintedaib griain a tir i ffuissither, 206.8 . fintiu for cul cuindegar .i. cuinnged cach comfocus a fine cid iar cianaib inonn, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143.7 , cf. 145 . ni mac bradas finntiga .i. nocon e in mac foxlas duthchus ḟine a mathar uile, 150 , cf. 178.11 , 176n. 2 . is tursech me triana fat co tic fis om findtiu, Plummer Colophons 26 n.1 .

inḟógraid ? :

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inḟógraid ? : or dil.ie/28593

 

v co ra iad ┐ co ra infhogair agaid dorcha ... crislach ... na firmaiminti um tulcaib ┐ trebaib an talman `dark night surrounded and enclosed ...,' TTebe 1169 .

1 is

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 is or dil.ie/29104
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nídam, nída, atar, atin, ammi, bem, be, combin, is, am, im, isam, isim, sam, isam, am, isam, nidha, nis, indat, n-iat, cenita, coich, citné, cisné, cis, manid, minad, minid, munid, minap, munab, béso, bésu, gon, gion, indid, inid, inad, ina, 'nar, díand, díanid, díanad, dían, díanda, dían(d)at, dána, dán, darab, bad, ba, ba, badat, ba, -bo, -p, -b, cid, -rop, -rup, -rub, ropond, ce, cía, cit, cía, ce, bed, bad, pad, bud, ba-da-, bádam, ma, matis, diambtís, bé, biam, bum, bid, bith, beith, bed, bud, -pa, -ba, nípa-dn-aidrech, -ba, -pa, -bo, -po, -bu, -pu, -b, -bad, -bud, bit, be(i)t, bat, biat, bidat, -rsam, -rbam, -bi, ropsa, rupsa, ropsat, robsat, ropat, robat, ropot, ropdat, -rbsat, -rsat, -rsa, -rbat, nārsat, ba, bu, bo, be, fa, fá, fo, bad, bud, ba-id-n-, fa, fá, -pu, -bu, -po, -bo, -p, nip, nipu, -rbu, -rpu, -rpo, -rbo, rba, -rob, -rb, -ra, -r, -rsa(t), -rso, -rsa, -rsad, rsam, -rsat, -rbtar, -rptar, -rtar, -rbat, -rpsat, -rsat, -psat, -bsat, -psatar, gomsad

v copula (see Strachan, Substantive Verb in O.Ir. Glosses ( Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899 ); Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish; Dillon, Nominal Predicates in Irish ( ZCP xvi , xvii ) ; GOI § 814 ff. ; Ó Nolan Studies in Mod. Ir.).

USAGE.

The copula is alway unstressed and proclitic. The normal order of words is vb.+pred.+subj., e.g. is cele dae in fer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . is bésad inna flatho doem et dofich (i.e. to protect and to avenge is a princely custom), Wb. 9d2 . Prec. by asyntactic nom.: fáilte cáich bad fáilte dúib-si, Wb. 5d24 . mad i n-aeclis tra in choss is hé óis achtáil `if then it be in the church, the foot is the practical folk,' 12a23 . Frequ. in verse: Illand mac Scanlain is marb, Anecd. i 12.24 . andar la fer bis a cein | Inber Cindbera is reid, 15.1 . a comrádh bind nocho brég, 35 § 81. An inversion of the usual order (see Ó Máille, op. cit. p. 74) occurs in: nī bu ṡanctBrigit ṡúanach (v.l. sanctbrigit suanach) `Saint B. was not drowsy,' Hy. v 21 (see GOI p. 476 and n. 168 ). is tria chin mban | bit fernai fer dlochtai, LU 8430 (FB, rhetoric). Common in rel. sentences in Fél.: mórṡlúag A. | dia mbu Demon dubach `from whom the Devil was sorrowful,' Fél. April 2 . súi diand Ériu inmall, Sept. 10. manach | asa díthrub dubach `whose hermitage is gloomy,' Prol. 98 (but: S. | ata soilsi slechtae, Sept. 7. Carissim ... | asa rúamdae relic, Ap. 16 ). Where the predicate is a compound phrase the subject is introduced into the middle of it (Strachan, op. cit. p. 49.30), e.g. is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée, Wb. 5c18 . nirbu samlaid són doibsom, Ml. 90c27 . nibo mór a mbríg linn, Wb. 18d10 .

In O.Ir. when the subject of the copula was a personal pronoun it was, as in other verbs, implicit in the verbal form: am irlam, Wb. 13c8 . at fechem dom, 32a21 . combed adultera `so that she should be a.', 3c9 . nirbu choimdiu `he had not been a lord,' 33a5 . bad carthi `let him be loved,' Sg. 148a2 . nítat ainmnidi `they are not nominatives,' 189a10 . amal bemmis bibdaid, Ml. 114d4 . It was frequently strengthened by a pronominal particle suffixed to the pred. not necessarily to express emphasis, nor to distinguish between persons: niba dimicthe-se libsi `I should not be despised by you,' Wb. 21d3 (but: nida apstal apstil `I am not an apostle's apostle,' 18c1 ). massu rath-som, 5a30 . ciasu i colinn am béo-sa, 19a20 . it firian-su, Ml. 55d11 . ammi cland-ni doib-som, 101d9 . ropsa huallach-sa, 49b12 (cf. GOI § 811 ). nimda scál-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach, ZCP xiii 373.11 .

The logical pred. of the copula may be (a) an adjective ; (b) a prepositional phrase; (c) an adverb; (d) a pronoun ; (e) the substantival demonstrative í; (f) the subject of a relative verb; (g) a clause introduced by as n- `that it is' ; (h) a substantive.

At all periods of the language the predicates (a), (b), (c) and (d) immediately followed the copula.

(a) In O.Ir. the general rule was that the predicative adj. agreed with the subj. of the copula in gender and number (see Dillon, op. cit., for development from O.Ir., of which he cites as type: it moírb in boill sin, Wb. 11d11 , to Mod. Ir.: is mór iatt, is saidhbir na tírtha so, Maund. § 138 , §227 ).

(b) amal as o spirut, Wb. 15b7 . ciaba beo bid do precept anme Crist, 23b29 . is occ maid atáa, 6a18 . condib tria n-uile mbethaid ón, Tur. 71. is fria binn aníar atá t'esérge, Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). is airi asbersom ..., Ml. 126c10 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61. nochon ara omun cena, TBC-I¹ 2364. gonadh uime sin adeir I.¤ ..., TSh. 4816.

(c) níp and nob irpaid, Wb. 8b2 . hóre is amne atáa, 12d7 . is samlith is comadas dúun ..., Thes. ii 246.3 (Cam.).

(d) mad hé á luum, Wb. 4a14 . bad hé for n-ere `let Him be your burden,' 9d12 . rupu sí a rreilic, 33a22 . is tú is diliu limsa diib, IT iii 83 § 69. ionnus gomadh é féin bud ughdar réna bheathaidh, TSh. 3406.

When the logical predicate of the copula was either (e) the substantival demonstrative í or (f) the antecedent of a relative verb, or (g) a clause introduced by as n- `that it is' a pronoun was introduced immediately after the copula to act as grammatical predicate while the logical predicate stood in apposition to this pronoun.

(e) matu hé ata horpamin indí rochomalnisset recht, Wb. 2c14 . bit hé magistir dongegat indhí asindisset a tola féisne dóib, 30d8 . it hé in toirthi amal sodin inna hí adfiadatar hi testimnib file isint salm anuas, Ml. 46c14 .

(f) is hé didiu in tecttaire maith condaig indocbáil dia thigerni the good envoy is he who seeks his lord's glory, Wb. 8d20 . it hé inimici lessom qui fraudant et qui iniuriam faciunt , 9c25 . it hé gními epscuip asmbeir sís the works of a bishop are the things he mentions below, 28b20 . is he in firfindbathach no in firion atcobra na huile beatusa the truly blessed ... is he who desires all the blessings, Hib. Min. 429.

(g) is ed asberat ind heretic as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 . ni ed a met as n-etarcnad dun `not only that it is known to us,' 138a12 . is ed asberat as ndu deacht ... rogabad in salm so, 24d29 . is ed adfet a legend as ndath glas roboi forsind sléib fo chosmailius saphirr, Ml. 84d4 .

(h) With indef. noun as pred.: condib dídnad domsa foirbthetu hirisse dúibsi, Wb. 1b1 . combad notire rod-scribad cosse, 27d16 . mástat carait ... mastat námait, LU 9090 - 1 . níor ghníomh meirbh, DDána 91 § 24.

With def. noun as pred.: in O.Ir. and early Mid. Ir. a definite substantive can immediately follow the copula. Even in O.Ir. however a pronoun is frequently introduced immediately after the copula as grammatical predicate, the logical predicate standing in apposition (cf. (e), (f) and (g) above). This is the normal construction in the later language: ni a doenacht fesine ru-da-n-ordan `not his own Manhood has dignified Him,' Wb. 33c5 . ni in cholinn donatháira acht is a n-accobor, 3d3 . is athir-som innaní techte foirbthetith `he is the father of them that possess perfection,' 2c11 . mad Ānlūan no-beth is'taig, ScM. § 16.8 . is Duid a oenar rochachain inna psalmu, Hib. Min. 134.

With pronoun: bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . is hed a trede sin foloing, 29d17 . is hé in peccad rogéni a n-uile comaccobor, 3c25 .

After the introduction of the pronoun, the normal order of the sentence seems to be that in which the predicate follows the pronoun but this order does not appear to be fixed and the predicate may be put at the end either for emphasis or for the better balance of the sentence, e.g. a predicate which is the antecedent of a relative verb is most usually placed after the subject. Predicate and subject can only be distinguished by means of the context and the distinction, it would seem, is by no means as clear-cut in Irish as in other languages.

Predicate immediately following pronoun: ní ceilsom tra as n-é Crist in lie, Wb. 4d16 . issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto Dé ní in corpp, 3d11 . measaim gurab é an bás, an marcach úd, TSh. 37.

Subject following pronoun: mate nama anfolaid in cele falla frithgnama `if neglect of service was the only disqualification of the tenant,' Laws ii 324.6 . ar is he besad felsub etarcert di dúlib et saigid forru et nebchretem a n-adiadar di crist, Wb. 27a10 . it he caeli la suide ind apstail soscelae, Ml. 42b7 . is ed mind n-aingel Crist mac Dé, LU 944. measaim ... gurab í an chathair úd Ierusalem an domhan, TSh. 708.

In O.Ir. where the subject of the copula was a pronoun of the 1st or 2nd person, it required no other expression with an indef. pred. than that supplied by the 1st or 2nd person of the copula: at macc ríg, Trip.² 970. itib ingena ríg talman, 1138 . am dún díthogail, IT iii 53.26 .

Cf. Mid. Ir.: is descipul ... tu-su, PH 2768. conid mog De thú, 510 . is gadaige thu, 7781 . is clann én athar ┐ én máthar sind, 7501 .

With def. pred. the usage in O.Ir. is not certain (? at lūam in gaiscid grind (but: v.l. at tualaing gaiscid grind), Bruchst. 12 § 20 ). In the saga literature the normal expression is: Setanta ... atomchomnaicse, LU 4892. Rí Alban atomchomnaicse, RC xiii 446 § 31.

Cf. Mid. Ir.: is me Oengus céle Dé, SR 8009. ni thu Issau semnach na slóg | acht is tú int engach Iacób, 2876 . is mesi Ísu mac Dé, PH 3732. misse Marcellinus, comorba Petair, 612 (but cf. Tuan mac Cairill mesi, LU 1219 ).

At all periods of the language the expression of the copula in the 3rd persons was not obligatory at the head of a principal sentence: alind á óiph in forcitil, nemnech immurgu a inne, Wb. 7c1 . faelid-sem ... | os me chene am faelid, Thes. ii 293 § 6 ( SP II ). cride hē, | ... | ōcān ē, Bruchst. 69 § 160. ili insi Mod | ... | liä dāma Domnaill, 9 § 12 . Aed Ailig, inmain lim hé, ACL iii 304 § 1. Andreas ard a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6. glē la cāch immorro ba for teithed luid C. remiseom, TBC-I¹ 1260. móra a molta, Gorm. March 5. Fer Loga mo lennān-sa, ScM. § 20.12 . gnáth tromthóir dhoirbh 'na dheaghaidh, DDána 85 § 30. ionann sin ré a rádh ..., TSh. 2826.

SPECIAL USES.

In periphrasis (see Strachan, op. cit. p. 49): nitat huili robtar uilcc filii Israhel `all f. I. have not been evil,' Wb. 11a23 . is do immarchor chóre dotíagat ind fir so, 5a5 .

Elliptical: demes .i. mess dēde and, ūair it dá scín lais there are two blades ..., Corm. Y 438. is dos didiu isin blīadain tānaisi in fochlac .i. it ceitheora duillne fair, 423 . nī ba comairle aile acht a c[h]rochad, MacCongl. 19.4 .

Manibad were it not for , etc. with follg. accus.: mainbad éicin, Wb. 4a20 . manipad taschidetaid ind metir, Ml. 136c2 . manibad trocairi ndáe, 111b28 . manipad do chrúass, Trip.² 1370. menbad bíth einig F., TBC-LL¹ 1855. Later replaced by subst. vb.: meni beth in clessín ingantach, 2063 . ropsar marba ... | meni beth Find, RC vii 302.183 .

To express an obligation: praind do tomailt la marb hi tig ... is a hurcul `to eat a meal with a dead man in the house is forbidden,' Mon. Tall. 153.4 . ma dorat(d)a forcraid ngill is lóg a enech ... do aisiuc, Críth G. 288. ma ro-achtaigh comain airithi ina setaib, is a beth do, ┐ masa comain do rer dligid roachtaigh, is a beth air `soll es ihm werden ... soll er es bekommen,' Cóic Con. RE § 13.106 .

On sentences of the type ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbung, see Bergin, Ériu xii 197 ff .

Confusion between copula and subst. vb.: gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3 (? or read ro ba). dogniind ... airchisecht dib, mar no-béind athair doib `as though I had been their father,' PH 6107. Frequ. in ACC: boe (bui, bái, boi, v.ll.) sab suithe cech dind .i. ro bo sab daingen no soad cech ndimus, RC xx 168 § 26. boe saegul sneid .i. suail nó bec nó garit a saegul, § 24. boe seim sáth, § 25. boe dind oc libur leigdocht, § 27.

FORMS

(a) from O. Ir. glosses and texts in Thes. Pal. (for further exx. from O. Ir. glosses see Strachan, loc. cit.). (b) from other texts.

In Mid. Ir. the forms of the copula in the 1st and 2nd sg. and in all persons of the pl. fell to a great extent into disuse, their place being taken by the 3rd sg., of the tense required with a pron., corresponding in form to the O.Ir. infixed pron. or to the poss. pron. of the person and number to be expressed, infixed between it and the following predicate. Occasionally the inf. pron. was added to forms other than sg. 3, e.g. nídam for nída (s. 1), atar, atin (pl. 3+ inf. pron. pl. 1) for ammi, bem for be (fut. s. 1). These forms while at first used impersonally as already occurred in O. Ir., e.g. issum ēcen, Wb. 10d24 , isat dílmain-siu, Ml. 55d21 , diandam thísed mucc ḟonaithe robad-am béo, Stories from Táin 5.16 , later came to be felt as simply the copula, as is shown when plural forms are folld. by pl. adjj., e.g. nibar troig, SR 3641 , gurdar síthaig, Hib. Min. 82.23 , acht co mbadar maithe díblínaib, TBC-LL¹ 35 ; and by such instances as: gidar comaltai, ib. 3680 . ropdhar fir chomdeirgide, ib. 3535 . As it is not always possible to discover whether a particular writer regarded this combination of copula + inf. pron. as such or as copula only, all such examples have been grouped together, so that, for instance, all the forms under subj. past s. 1 below should be taken not necessarily as being, to the mind of the writer, that particular form but rather as being his way of expressing what would in O. Ir. be expressed by combin, etc.

Examples of the 1st and 2nd persons are found both in Classical verse and in Early Mod. Ir. prose but the more commonly occurring forms are those of the 3rd sg., number and person being expressed by independent pronouns: is ort iarraim gidh óg thú, DDána 67 § 3. is fearr mé iná thú, IGT Introd. 22 § 90. t'fhearg, a rí, ... | re searg dí bu fhearr inn-ne, DDána 10 § 22. ag an druing ... rénar milis briathra borba, TSh. 1568. do bhríogh nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se, 30 . is beannuighthe sibhse, 5669 . do bhríogh gurbh fheasach thú gurbh amadán mé, 9638 .

Indic. pres.

A. Absolute

s. 1

(a) am: am tualang dano a hétarcerta, Wb. 12d22 . is airi am cimbid-se, 27c22 .

(b) am, im, isam, isim, sam: am senóir ┐ am lobur, Trip.² 2045. am caemsa ... am maccam, TBC-I¹ 583 - 4 . amm eolach, TBC-LL¹ 1750. uair am aithrech, SR 7824. (cf. isam aithrech, 7789 ). im fáilid, Ériu v 224.73 . as me Ulltán ... im fili, im faidh, BNnÉ 257 § 214. From early in Mid. Ir. period the form isam (<is s. 3+ inf. pron. s. 1) occurs, side by side with am. In follg. exx. it must already have been understood as s. 1: uair isam bensa curad caín, LU 8440 (FB). issam ingen ríg, TBFr. 163 = im, ZCP iv 38.11 . asam senoir, CCath. 5495. issim meabrach, Acall. 3115. orsam (=ór isam) heolach, SR 1786. sam crochta gan cionadh réil, Ó Bruad. ii 132.11 .

s. 2

(a) at, it: at fechem dom, Wb. 32a21 . air it firian-su, Ml. 55d11 .

(b) at, it, ot, isat, asat: at meirb, Fél. July 19 . at ferr do lāech indó-sa, ScM. § 16.8 . fobīth ad ōegi, TBC-I¹ 507 (YBL) = dáig ot áegi, LU 4996. it gilla co ngicil, TBC-I¹ 2667. id file, Content. iv 2. isat lac, Bruchst. 30 § 67. isatt áil-siu dam-sa, SCC 739 . isit aneōlach, MacCongl. 122.9 . isat duni dána, TBC-LL¹ 3057. asat tretholl-sa, TBC-I¹ 3632.

s. 3

(a) is, rel. as`: is samlith is comadas dúun, Thes. ii 246.3 (Camb.). is hé céetne fer ceta-ru-chreti, Wb. 7b11 . is ferr ainm do denom de, Sg. 26b5 . is cele dae in fer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. written iss before vowels: iss uisse, Wb. 22c21 . iss i rráe choir immumruidbed, 23d30 . iss ed inso nád chumaing, Sg. 209b13 . Freq. written together with a follg. initial s, one s falling out: isuáichnid, Wb. 23d30 . isamlaid, Thes. ii 11.40 (Bcr.). rel. brothchán as chóir duib, Wb. 33c15 . as choimtig, Sg. 54b8 .

(b) is(s), as, us, es, rel. as`, is` (it is not clear when lenition ceased to be used after the cop. used relatively. It is less often marked than not in TBC, see Ériu xiv 90 , 93 , 94 ): is túath oirdnither ríi[g], Críth G. 493. is toirthech int inber, Trip.² 370. is gabtha na eich ┐ iss innilti in carpat, MU² 49. is cosmhail Samson ┐ an bás, TSh. 763. iss a miad neich dogniat mancuine, BCrólige § 50. iss messe rorecsabair, SR 3636. i[s] slān in fear, Laws iii 156.5 . isaer ém domrimgartsa, LU 10307. as iat na fir[a] fola no saraigthe, Cóic Con. H § 59. in ti do beir ... as e do ron, Laws iv 32.19 . as do hIddomdaib do, PH 6946. In TSh. `both abs. and rel. are written as in MSS.,' TSh. Introd. xx n. 3 . es dilmain, Anecd. iii 23.5 . es coitcend, ib. 2 . essed dobeir ..., 26.24 . es bec trá ná comráncatar inn a mméur ocus a coss, CMT² 58 § 132 . es de boí inn nem-sin fuirri(r), CMT² 60 § 133 . ar us aire isperar ..., Laws i 264.7 . ar us merle cach n-indligiudh, ii 70.25 . Somet. the vowel of IS is dropped: ┐ síad bhīos ag coimhēad, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1341. rel. as chóir, Mon. Tall. 146.27 . as chórus, Críth G. 223. a n-us tol lat-su, MacCongl. 33.9 . ? With class C inf. pron.: forband ... as-dom moo airli, Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 6 . After constructions which take rel. n- the predicate of the copula is eclipsed (where the first word of the predicate is unstressed the usage varies): do thaidbsiu as n-iress nóibas, Wb. 19b14 . as ndia side gl. doceo, 13a18 . as n-é tairrchet, 6d6 . as ndirruidigthe a n-animm-sin, Sg. 56b10 . as ndí Assaraib ... rogabad in salm-sa, Ml. 35a10 . asberat as ndu deacht ... rogabad, 24d29 (but cf. adciam ... as ar chenél cruche adrímther ..., Thes. ii 246.25 (Camb.)). amail is n-adētchide in flesc, Corm. Y 606.8 . In Mid. Ir. rel. n- dropped out: uair ... as inann nadúir don duine ┐ ..., PH 7433. amail as diaisneisi in Coimdi, Ériu ii 144 § 159. in tan is indligthech iat, Cóic Con. H § 14. amail as crom craobh fo chnoibh, BS 54.15 . Very early the non-rel. form IS is used for rel. and vice versa, see above: cía dit maccaib is diliu latt ?, Trip.² 1774. mer is laugu, Corm. Y 809. is ed is chonar fugill ann ..., Cóic Con. RE § 24. intí is cosmail do Dia, PH 6266. ní íar chána is ḟairbrígh d'ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 980.

pl. 1

(a) ammi, ammin, immi: ammi techtiri árt-phersine, Wb. 24d9 . ammi irlaim ... do dul martre, 4b21 . amminn imdibatai-ni ┐ ammin dilachtai, Ml. 83c3 . airmi (leg. airimmi, Ed.) ardu-ni, 23d23 .

(b) ammin, ar, dar, atar, isar, atin: is olc ar mblāth amin gorti, TBC-I¹ 1614. amin mairb, BDD² 330. ar troig ... dot' impartain we are wretched, SR 1482. ar n-idain fiad testaib Dé, 3583 . fortgellam Dia ... dar slana on chinaid-se, 3612 . cid einech rígh rontidnaic | atar dimdaig ..., Hib. Min. p. 82.x . isar scítha énirti, CCath. 2562. `atin budig de' ar an oicc, Anecd. i 5.18 (cf. batin aithrig, Ériu i 68 § 3 ).

pl. 2

(a) adib, idib, adi: adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . adib oís muntire, 21c4 . adi mmaicc, 9a13 . hóre adi ellachti, 21c17 . ar idib maithi, 16b9 .

(b) itib, at(a)bar, atfor: ár itib ingena ríg, Trip.² 1138. itib lía andú, BDD² 412 (= dáig abtar (leg. atbar) lia andúsa, LU 6870 ). ┐ itib degdoene, LL 281b28 . atabair ecen, LU 8097 (FB). is dásacht a ndognithi-si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fen, LB 212a10 . atabar glana-si, PH 5262. 5264 . apraid fris at for n-aithrig do debaid fris, Cymmr. xiv 118.11 ( Rawl. 132b29 ).

pl. 3

(a) it, at (once only in non-rel. sense), rel. ata`, at, et: it carit domsa, Wb. 5c7 . it dássactig, 12d36 . it coitchena, Sg. 10a1 . air at cuidi tirmaidi sidi, Ml. 123d3 . rel. in mairb ata thestis, Wb. 30a11 . it sib ata chomarpi, 19c20 . do retaib ata chosmaili fri fír, Ml. 51b8 . it hesidi at inbésa, 45d1 . it hé sidi et inbéso, 27a9 . confitetar són ata ndoini, 91c18 .

(b) it, at, isat, isid, rel. ata`, at: at remra na loeg ┐ it buidig na hoegid, Hy. v 25 Comm. it é inso trá gníma bóairech, Críth G. 183. it móra, Trip.² 1291. isat úathe dó ilib, 3096 . it cadlai dí ingein A., Fél. Dec. 9. at bidbaid, IT iii 502 § 10. isat bána, 514 § 7. hit imṡláin, SR 194. at mora, 3625 . id mesa indád demno, Anecd. iii 27.4 . at aena `these are of one day,' Laws i 156.y . at móra glonna Medbi, TBC-I¹ 1668. it cāema, 583 . cf. is mōra na comada' ... `isad mōra,' 2233 - 4 . i n-ifern isid bronaigh, Anecd. iii 55.29 (Síaburcharpat) = at brónaig, LU 9462. at cotarsnai, PH 711. isat lána, 5870 . rel. it é ata érlama, Trip.² 1539. amuis ata chórai, Críth G. 578. dí gérait at glainiu, Fél. May 7. saire ada lugu, Laws v 102.6 . laích ata dech, BDD² 757. adad dech, 1159 . seoit ... ad adhailge daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . áos ata etromae cinaith `whose sins are lighter,' Mon. Tall. 158.7 . dāine ata maige imarīadam `on whose plains we would drive about,' Otia i 122 § 4.

B. Conjunct.

I Neg.

s. 1

(a) níta`, nída`: nita chumme-se friu-som, Wb. 20c25 . nida apstal apstil, 18c1 . sech níta aidlicen, Ml. 70b7 .

(b) nída`, nídam, nídom, nímda, ním, níam, níom, níum: nída choimsech mu ṡoíre, Trip.² 2976. nida (nidu, v.l.) dīr dermait it is not fitting for me to forget, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 16 § 1. nidha bheo-sa, TBC-LL¹ 6080 (fut. sense). nīdam macc, TBC-I¹ 645 (= nimda, LU 5129 ). nīdom sāitheach, TBC-I¹ 507 (= nimda, LU 4996 ). nīm láech cen lāmach, TBC-I¹ 2260. nidam dermatach, LU 10286. nidam snímach, SR 2382. nim dana, 2069 . nimda scál-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach, ZCP xiii 373.11 . nidom athair do duiniu, viii 561 § 2 . ni dam ben-sa fós do, Caithr. CC § 93. nida Christadi, Irish Texts i 2 § 4 . nidom chuchtach, BS 30.1 . níom tualaing suan, TSh. 2144. ní um claoidhte re a gcionnluas (ní um chl., v.l.), Ó Bruad. ii 138.6 .

s. 2

(a) No occurrence.

(b) nída, nídad, nídat, nít: nida tūalaing mo ergairi, Ériu i 116 § 6. nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11.13 . nít marbdae for tercphit, Fél. Sept. 8. nīt mess methchrainn, Bruchst. 17 § 33. nít firlaech-su, TBC-LL¹ 1343. nidat doss ós duss, 3460 . nidat mac-sa, FDG 718.

s. 3

(a) ní (geminates the follg. consonant, e.g. is rad dáe ... ni mmarilliud `(it is) not my merit,' Wb. 21c20 ): ní cuman lim, Wb. 8a3 . ní cuit broto acht is dugrés, Ml. 32c10 .

(b) ní (a form nís occurs once in ACC and may possibly be archaic: hua Airt nís Neill co nert `not with N.'s strength is he,' RC xx 406 § 128 ): ní rí Caisil co rón-ordnea, Trip.² 2302. ní tiamdae tim-som, Fél. Prol. 259. ni cosmail smachta cacha raithe, Laws iv 78.4 . ní segda, LU 1655. ni fír, PH 2715. ní críonna an tí nach tuigeann, DDána 35 § 2. ní hiongnadh an meas soin do bheith ..., TSh. 243. The follg. exx. from TBC show lenition after ní but they may be scribal errors: ní ḟlaith Ulad nod chosna, 2788 . ní ḟurusa, 3050 . In Mod. Ir. ní prefixes h to a fully-stressed word but not to a proclitic: ní ag cnúasach bó am theagh atá, Éigse iii 168 § 9 (and see note). With inf. pron.: nímdil cid dīthrub Temair (glossed: ní hinmain lem T. cid fas), Hy. ii 44. ním-nert acht mac Dé I have no strength but ..., LL 133b8 . nin-fissid frisbered omnu huain `not to us is the Knower who used to avert fears from us,' RC xx 164 § 16 (ACC). nin forcetlaid, ib. § 18.

pl. 1

(a) nítam`, nítan`, nídan`: nitam toirsich (sic leg., Ed.) gl. non angustiamur, Wb. 15b21 (a prima manu). nidan chumachtig for n-irisse, 14c41 . nidan chosmili, 14d37 . ar nitan reprobi-ni, 18b9 .

(b) nidar: nidar n-idain, SR 3626. nidar glain, 1609 .

pl. 2

(a) nítad, nídad (see OIPG p. 66 n. ): nitad lib fésin `ye are not your own', Wb. 9d11 . nidad óegid, 21b14 . 14a8 . ar nídad ferr-si, 8c7 .

(b) nibar, nifor: nibar troig, SR 3641. ni for gliccu ... inda oen na n-ánmanna, 1235 . is tróg niforn-intliuchtach (? leg. -aig), 1238 .

pl. 3

(a) nítat, nítaat, nídat, nít, nis: nitat cosnama domundi, Wb. 7d12 . ar nitaat cosmuli, 9b17 . nídat chummai, Ml. 115b3 . nit derachti, 128d1 .

(b) nídat calaid, Fél. Jan. 17. nít mórdai fria ngudi, March 1. nītad tabartha, TBC-I¹ 2856. nídat námait, LU 8264. nidat glain, SR 7996. nidad tlaithi, 1571 . nidat carpait, MU² 374. nit righ os ro-chathaib, LL 386a18 . nīdat cuibde, MacCongl. 7.16 . In ZCP xx 371 f. , Thurneysen gives the follg. exx. of a 3 pl. form, nis, occurring in Law texts: acht nis cosmailsi comarba[i] `aber Erben sind nicht von Gleichheit,' Laws iii 42.25 . atait tri comurba la Feine, nis comsaer a cuir, 46.18 . nis dilsi acht a tri, ZCP xiii 21.17 . nis cuir bel dilsi, xii 365.1 . nis maithi dam log n-aisi, logh sinsire, log fognama, ib. 8 .

II With dependent negatives:

(a) nád who (or which) is not, that (it) is not (see s.v. 1 nád, 2 nád, 3 nád and Strachan, loc. cit. l. 1007 ff.).

(b) nant, nan that (it) is not (see s.v. nan and Subst. Vb. l. 1011 ff .).

(c) nách that (it) is not (see s.v. 3 nach, 4 nach and Subst. Vb. l. 1018 ff. ). For nícon, noco, nochon, etc., see s.v. nícon.

III With interrog. particle in-:

s. 1

(a) inda: inda apstal `am I an apostle ?,' Wb. 10c20 .

(b) ? anom (=indom) adbar gascedaig, Ériu xiv 89.2175 (= TBC-LL¹ 1186 ).

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) indat: indat creitmech, Trip.² 917. indat ómnach ?, Lat. Lives 90.0 . indot eolac[h], CCath. 2883. indat sochenel, PH 695.

s. 3 For both (a) and (b) the interrog. particle alone is used, i.e. in (later an) :

(a) in cuntubart lib inso, Wb. 3c3 . in ed fodera báas domsa, 3c33 .

(b) inn a síthib in do déib dúib ?, Trip.² 1114. co fessur ... in he [Is]sau no inne Iacob, SR 2884. an beó do thigerna ?, BDD² 1519.

pl. 3

(a) indat: indat mbriathra ? `is it the words ?,' Ml. 44b9 (cf. sechitat n-é (sic MS.), V below).

(b) indat: nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125 - 6 . indat facsi don purt are they near ...?, LU 1873 (ICM). indat pettai sút no indat éoin chena, TBC-LL¹ 1328. Later the interrog. particle without pl. suffix is used also for pl.: co findara in n-iat tanic, PH 440.

IV With neg. interrog.

s. 2 (a) cenita: cenita chumgabtha-siu `art Thou not exalted ?' Ml. 84c3 .

s. 3

(a) cani, cini: cani doich, Wb. 5b35 . cani messe immoforling cretim dúibsi, 10c18 . cani mebuir lib, 20a5 . cini glé lib ..., 12d4 . cini inonn, 18a16 . caní románda .ó., Sg. 49b23 .

(b) cani: Ōengus do guin ... cani ōin do decraib Dē ?, Bruchst. 50 § 110 .

These forms were early replaced by nách q.v. s.v. 5 nach (nách).

Interrogative sentences containing cía, cid who, what (is). etc.

(i) The copula is not expressed after cía but that it is implied is clear from the follg. rel.: cinuid mic n-altrumu, cia forsa tiagat ?, Laws ii 178.3 . cia roblaiss bethaid ┐ na faicfe éc (qui vivit ┐ non videbit mortem), LL 281a32 . cia tir ass as[s]am lat do thabairt dúinne, ZCP viii 318.33 . gá cara don uile as fhearr, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5. cia in fear sin ?, Anecd. ii 9.22 . cía can duib ?, Trip.² 1113. In gen.: coich úainn hí ? to which of us will it belong ?, 811 . íarfaigset dó ... cúich he, LU 1838. With verbal ending added: cóichet na heich se ?, 8522 (FB).

(ii) cid (see Thurneysen, GOI § 466 ): cid as dénti frisin, Wb. 12d41 . cid as maith, 12d12 . ní tucthar cid frissa-sennar, 12c46 . cid is conair ... is sed is conair ..., Cóic Con. H § 138. cid ara n- why ? : cid ara ndéntar pecthach díim, Wb. 2a10 . cid ara cuinchi-siu sein ?, Thes. ii 307.12 ( Hy. ii Introd. ). cid ara n-eipenar ?, Laws ii 194.2 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so ?, i 236.9 . cid how ? cid na déccaid uili how do not ye all see, Fél. Prol. 201. cid ēcōru mo beithse and anās ..., TBC-I¹ 2224.

pl. 3 citné (`gekürzt aus ci ata n-é ,' Thurn., ZCP xx 372 ): assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir in fognam `what are the powers unto which the service is proper,' Wb. 6a9 . citné briathra robatar `what were the words ?,' Ml. 61b7 . citné robatar `what were they,' ib. 8 . citne a nanmand na soerbard (caidet, v.l.), IT iii 5.8 . ceitni trī seōit fūair C. ?, ZCP xiii 5 § 19. citni rig ... robatar' sind amsir sin ?, SR 2347. The corresponding form in the Laws is cisné: cisne lesa do na ibh sen tascnat treise `what cases of these extend to three days ?,' Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri biada na tuillead leaptha na hapta, v 438.14 . cisne trí ana soitcedach `what are the three wealths ...,' Triads 239. Sometimes cis immediately precedes the noun : cis formmenn écndaircc doslíat dílsi ?, ZCP xii 366.25 . cis ndíthle do trebaib na tuillet dire ?, 26 . cis forcsen fola la Fēne ?, BCrólige § 65. cis lir how many: cis lir congellait for tresi, Laws i 230.3 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine ?, ii 344.1 . cis lir chuir dochuisin ?, iii 4.5 . cis lir fodlai filet forsin mbairdne ?, IT iii 6.13 . cf. cit lir fodlai ..., ib. 20 .

V With various conjunctions.

(i) cía, cé, ci although, that.

s. 1

(a) No instance.

(b) ciam, cidam : ciam toebnocht, SR 1540. cid am laech-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1677. misi gedam foidhidech, ZCP xii 393 § 10. gidh im c[h]rochbán-sa, BS 138.y . giodh am midhiongmhala, Parrth. Anma 333.18 .

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) cíasa, cidat : cíasa lobur, no rega, Trip.² 1282. cidat fír-Dhia ... ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 163.

s. 3

(a) césu, céso, cíasu, cíaso, cíasa : cesu threde in tummud, Wb. 21d13 . ciaso ḟolud ... sluindes, Sg. 211b7 .

(b) césu, céso, cíasa, cid, gid : césu réid ar lebrán, Fél. Ep. 133. ciasa (ceso, v.l.) femmain [m]bolgaigh [m]bung (see Ériu xii 197 ), Corm. Y 1059.64 . ciasa díthrub, Metr. Dinds. iv 42.2 . ciodh olc an bás nádúrtha, TSh. 987. gidh ionann atá ..., 2900 .

pl. 1

(a) No instance.

(b) cíammin, gidar : cíammin bí, BDD² 329. gidar comaltai, TBC-LL¹ 3680

pl. 2

(a) cenuded', cenotad' : cenuded issidi (=ḟissidi) `although ye are knowing,' Thes. i 713.25 (Tur. Cod.). cenotad maic-si raith, Wb. 33b8 . cenutad suíre, 4a10 .

pl. 3

(a) cetu', ceto' : cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 .

(b) ciato', cetu', ciat, cidat : ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493. cetu cummai a feba, Bruchst. 39 § 94. cíat ísliu fíad dáinib ... bit áird, Fél. Prol. 153. cidhat (cit, v.l.) ili fuile, Corm. Y 975.39 . srotha in dithruib ... ciat serba slassa, SR 4071. cidat mora, 446 . cidad mōra, TBC-I¹ 2235. ceat olca, ZCP vii 269 § 17. Ériu ii 122 § 63.

cía + neg. s. 3

(a) cinid, cenid : cinidlúith (=cinid dlúith) lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinith mút, Sg. 5b4 . cenid ed, Ml. 85b11 .

(b) cenid, cini : cenid mé in murgelt, LU 3022 (H). cini di sīl Chuind dóu, ZCP xiii 375.10 .

(ii) má (ma) s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) masat (masae, v.l.) : masat mac Dé, PH 4708. masad acuraig, CCellaig 449 . masat eólach, ZCP xiii 3 § 5. másat (masae, v.l.) geilt, BS 100.13 .

s. 3

(a) masu', maso', masa' (see Thurneysen, KZ xlviii 60f .) : masu chundubart, Wb. 4d28 . masa choimdiu, Ml. 108c16 .

(b) masu', masa', mas' : see s.v. 3 má (ma). Add : masu ar oítid, Trip.² 1483. mása thol, 584 . a Ḟir diad masa thú, TBC-LL¹ 3659. massa anfisac, Laws iv 36.25 Comm. mas da fis, 22 Comm. mas é Dubthach, TBC-LL¹ 2780. masad (massa, v.l.) ḟír, Mór M. 266.15 . mása thoil leat, TSh. 8093. más é is críoch, 1366 .

pl. 3

(a) matu : matu hé ata horpamin, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) masat, mástat : masat elti, MU² 399. mástat carait ... mastat námait, LU 9091 (FB).

ma + neg. s. 3

(a) manid : manid fír, Wb. 13b14 . 17b32 . Ml. 21a11 .

(b) manid, minad, minid, munid, minap, munab : manid caindleóracht, LU 9196 (FB). minad hé, BDD² 1287. minid hé, 917 . mani daig, 593 . munab follus, TSh. 5164. See s.v. 3 má (ma) and TSh. Introd. xxi n. 3 . The form béso, bésu is used as a subjunctive (for its origin see Thurn., KZ xlviii 60.f .) : bésu dagduine cini estar túari `he may be a good man,' Wb. 6b23 , 24 . massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi, 19b11 .

(iii) co n- so that.

s. 1

(a) conda : is rad dée immum-forling conda apstal, Wb. 13b6 . conda marb, 19a17 . 17c10 .

(b) conda, conam, conadam, conidam : domāncatar-sa uile | conda eōlach a n-achne, Otia i 127 § 29. conam torsech co haithbe, 128 § 33. rom ebail Sencha ... conidam trén, LU 10285. 10304 . conad am lista liumm fadén ┐ nach am inmain frisnach āen, MacCongl. 95.4 .

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) condat adbartnaigthi-siu, PH 1795.

s. 3

(a) condid, conid : condid flaith do in coimdiu, Wb. 9d2 . tremiberar ... conid ainm dun chrunn, 8a5 . condid di thetacht in spírto ... profetauit , Thes. i 496.26 (Ardm.). conid e epscop insin cita-ruoirtned, ii 241.15 (ib.). conid femen, Sg. 123b2 . condid étrummu, Ml. 90a11 . connid ed, 91a19 .

(b) condid, conid, conad, cunad, etc.: condid ann, AU i 434.22 (A.D. 916) . Hib. Min. 25. conid eiter a lamaib ..., Mon. Tall. 153.12 . conid edh, AU i 538.6 (A.D. 1015) . conid soillsi, Corm. Y 426. LU 10931. 10306 . PH 2245. 720 . conad dēach ainm gach sillaibe, Corm. Y 500. PH 1371. 6132 . Laws iv 18.2 Comm. cunad fír, MU² 284. cunid soillsithir, 554 . condad leis Aidhne, Ériu i 46.32 . conodh i, Ériu iii 141.206 . conud e, RC vi 184.19 . gonid lór, ACL iii 306 § 1 . gonadh aire sin ..., Ó Héodhusa 51.1. TSh. 1824. 5960 . conid was replaced by gurab (gur), gura originally a subjunctive form : corop Tuigi im Thamon and sain, LL ii 9911 . gorop de atá Cruachna Áe, ii 12397 . innister curab pecthaig ..., RC xxiv 378.17 . gurab droch-duine ..., PH 7682. corub iat, 445 corab í so, 7334 . gurb i luaithreadh ..., TSh. 300. gur bréagach a bhreathnughadh, 395 . gurab é an bás, 37 . gurab tearc, 94 . er co ra mian leisin nádúir maith do dénum, PH 7394. gur tú mo Chruthaightheoir, Donlevy 406.5 . gur ionmholta, 132.10 . do-fedar gura tú C., ZCP viii 546.26 . Cf. also : casmail lem gom (=co mba) e in mac beg, 538.15 .

pl. 1

(a) condan : hóre ronsóirni ... condan fírianichthi, Wb. 2d14 . immunrordad condan maicc togu non naturae , 20d10 .

(b) No instances.

pl. 3

(a) condat : condat anman som, Sg. 188b3 . condat reli inna aicsin hisin, Ml. 51d15 .

(b) condat, condot, cundat : condat e tri decmainge in domain a d[t]indtud, Laws v 426.3 . condat cora, SR 296. SCC 320 . PH 736. cundat marthanaig, MU² 310. gondat Ulaid, TBC-LL¹ 704.

(iv) With cen co (not found in Glosses) :

(b) s. 1 gon com (gen gob, v.l.) maith-se oc immarbáig, TBC-LL¹ 3219.

s. 3 gion go glan mo sgáth, DDána 24 § 30. gion gur caomh a dhreach, 91 § 6.

(v) With no :

s. 1

(a) nonda', nunda' : amal nonda thorisse `as I am trustworthy,' Wb. 10a28 . a nunda thinnachtae-se, Ml. 126d12 .

s. 2

(a) nonda', nunda' : lassaní nonda brithem `when Thou art judge,' Ml. 92a15 . a nnunda chocuibsid-siu, 58b6 . 38c27 .

pl. 1

(a) nundem, nundan : oire nundem membur uili du Dea, Thes. ii 246.5 (Camb.). á nnundan deeth ní, Ml. 120b3 .

pl. 2

(a) nondad : amal nondad maicc cóima, Wb. 27b16 .

(b) These forms did not survive O. Ir.

(vi) After the co-ordinating conjunctions sech and noch the absolute form is used. See under 2 sech and 1 noch. sechi whoever, whatever probably contains cop. s. 3 : sechi é cretes `whosoever believes,' Wb. 15b1 . sechi hed bás són `whatsoever death ...,' 13c1 . sechi dú nu-t-soe-siu, Ml. 112b6 .

pl. 3 sechitat hé ` whoever they are ,' 49a19 . sechitat hé (né, MS.) ` whatsoever ,' Thes. ii 25.38 (Bcr.). (Cf. indat mbriathra, III above).

VI With various prepositions in relative clauses.

(i) i n- (in many exx. has the force of a conjunction, see Ériu i 12 ) :

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) inda : cid at-chí dúnd, inda fisid `since thou art ...,' BDD² 545.

s. 3

(a) indid, innid : cia airm indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . ind labrada innid eula nech, Ml. 42c4 . indid mailliu a tuile `by which the flood is slower,' Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). 20.41 (ib.).

(b) indid, inid, inad, ina: indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 (A.D. 918). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. Bruchst. 47 § 105.3 . inad gilla óc ... tarfás dúnn, BDD² 161. PH 5029. do Maig Mell inid rí Boadag, LU 10004. aít init sruithiu dliged oldas naidm, ZCP xiii 23.1 . inad ina fairsingi in cathuir, Maund. § 75. eccla ifirn ... 'na minic fóidh guil, ACL iii 216.17 . Forms originally perf. and subj. came to be used as pres. indic. : sé céimeanna 'nar cosmhail ré chéile iad, TSh. 1231. ní fhuil ainm oile ... ionarb (ionab, v.l.) éigean sinne do shlánughadh, 2088 . neg. traigle i nach ūathad uidre, Bruchst. § 88. teagh is nach uathadh urra, DDána 119 § 23.

pl. 3

(a) indat : indat iudei itirroscar[sat] fri hiris n-abarche since they are Jews, Wb. 5b34 . cid ind aimser indat sláin ennaic som, Ml. 76a6 .

(b) in am indat slána, TBC-LL¹ 952. inat ṡlana, 1386 .

(ii) día n- :

s. 1

(a) No instances.

(b) díanda, díanam : Chríst dianda chéle `whose servant I am,' Fél. Ep. 307. an rí díanam gilla, ZCP v 497 § 12.

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) díandat : cia díandat céliusiu ?, TBC-I¹ 1382.

s. 3

(a) díant, díandid, dían : intí diant ainm discessio, Wb. 26a5 . in rét diant torbach ..., Ml. 121d1 . dian-did nomen hiber, Sg. 100b1 . in son diandid tintud ..., Ml. 37a10 . dian duthoig Liphe, Thes. ii 295 § 4 ( SP v ). neg. di nach follus (=dunach, Edd.), Thes. ii 8.35 (Acr.).

(b) díand, díanid, díanad, dían, díanda, dían(d)at, dána, dán, etc.: dianid opair oen laithi, AU i 342.22 (A.D. 839) . Corm. Y 825.2 . fer dianid comainm Labán, SR 2944. diand sanctlethan slondad, Fél. June 12 . April 22 . indī dianda coimmēid, Corm. Y 269. 892 . dianad ainm clí, 275 . PH 5180. 5494 . mí diandat (diando, MS., dianid, v.l.) ainm Marsiius, Corm. Y 892. cid dianat maith ind uair si ?, Hib. Min. p. 50.6 . Cū dīan comainm Culand, TBC-I¹ 2263. dianaid rī, 560 . dian serb cach sruith, ZCP vi 267 § 2. cia dana céile thusa ?, viii 545.2 . Ériu ii 229.19 . drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216 § 78. Laws iv 60.12 . ACL iii 237 § 15. na nathrach neimhe danadh ainm tyrus , TSh. 8973. Pres. subj. and perf. forms used as pres. indic. : darab ceann sgríbe an chríoch dhéidheanach, TSh. 725. cia d'ar ceart, Donlevy 106.7 . neg. airchindech do nach diur adhultrus, Laws i 58.22 Comm. do neoch do nar bo chotlud, TBC-LL¹ 2962. cia dánach feasach ... ?, TSh. 6401.

pl. 3

(a) neg. : donnatdet adblama inna esiu (leg. inna hísiu, Edd.) `to whom these things are not ready,' Thes. i 713.23 (Tur. Cod.).

(b) díanat, díandat : amail rondeiligthe sinethae dianat anmanna dela, Corm. Y 431. Metr. Dinds. iii 312.116 . bó ... díandat slána a secht mbliadna, LU 8122.

(iii) ara n- :

(a) arndid : cid arndid ísliu aesce quam sol , Thes. ii 22.41 (Bcr.). in di accuis ... arndid coitchen ..., Sg. 200a13 .

(b) ara n- : is ed sin ara n-amra `arcu fuin' `for which a.f. is admirable,' ZCP vii 312 § 26.

(iv) ó n- :

(a) óndid, ónid : in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich, Wb. 12d23 . honid techtae molad Dáe, Ml. 51c2 .

(b) ón, óna, ónab : díles Néill ón cunnail cell, Ériu iv 92 § 1. toirt[h]igi in lā | ōnab lēir feadha, ACL iii 235 § 21. gním óna mó ar dtachrádh, IGT Decl. ex. 412.

(v) frissa n- :

(a) frisin : dochum cétnidetad frisin cosmil `to which it is like,' Sg. 188a13 .

(b) frisnid, ren, rena, renab, renar : inmain samail frisnid cosmail a n-adchīusa, TBC-I¹ 2875. nech risnid [andsa], LU 4004. drem ren dothroide ar ndeabhaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1167. is dona neithibh renab usa truailled do gabail cuigi, in baindi, Rosa Angl. 112.8 . dream ... réna deacair, TSh. 4665. ag an druing ... rénar milis, 1568 . 711 .

pl. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) frisndat : inna ferta sa ... cía beith nech risndat móra araide isat úathe dó ilib, Trip.² 3096.

(vi) lasa n- :

(a) lasin : intí lasin format, Ml. 129b3 . lasin n-accubur, 53c16 .

(b) lasnad, lenab : intí lasnád ecul `who fears,' PH 2411. lasnad ail, 1421 . cibé lénab mór a n-abraim, Keat. i 76.44 .

(vii) oca n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) ri ind lochta hicnad suithi a n-ord, RC xx 174 § 38 (ACC). co flaith Dúrlais, 'cán mór mé, Hy Fiach. 284.5 . sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 .

(viii) fa n- (O. Ir. imm) :

(a) No instance.

(b) fán, fána : a cCionn Coradh fan léir magh, ZCP viii 225 § 42. fáth fána doilghe ... an bás, TSh. 1132.

(ix) asa n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) asarb : briathra asarb iontuigthe ..., TSh. 5664.

(x) forsa n-, fora n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) forab : o sheircc in domain-sea forab airchindech diabul, PH 7118.

Cons. Pres.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) bid : bid coitchenn dliges cach ngrád ... i córus othrusa, Críth G. 50. bés bid cethrar nó chóicer bíte hi comarbus bóairech, 146 .

Conj.

(a) -bi, -pi : nipi cían a masse in choirp, Wb. 28c25 . 12c12 . air nibi eulach, Ml. 42c9 . 128d3 . níbí cian, 91d2 . combi remib rethith iarum, Wb. 13b13 . indhí lasmbi accobur, 30c23 . imbí hinun folud whether the substance is the same, Sg. 188a6 .

(b) -bi, -pi : nī bī clōen in t-ere, Corm. Y 447.16 . ni bi briugu nad bi cedach, Laws v 76.10 . i ngait nádbi aí `which is not his,' Críth G. 218. ben las(a)mbi cuma cip cia las fia, BCrólige § 44. is bec a ain iphthi compí sāitheach, ZCP vi 257.y . i tig as mbi eggna suillsi, BDD² 175. dīa mbī dīn Cūan Caill, Four Songs 20 § 4 . pl. 1 (a) ? isin chruth-sin bimmi nóib-ni 'it is thus that we become holy' Wb. 3 d 27 , ZCP xxxii 120 .

pl. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) bit : imscarad dotluigigter flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann `a separation which the chief requests from the tenant not on account of any disqualification of the tenant,' Laws ii 316.z .

Ipv.

s. 2

Abs.

(a) ba' : ba chuimnech dilguda duinni, Ml. 46b29 .

(b) ba, bat : ba faitech ar nā ba fīachach, Anecd. iii 13.10 = bat fattech, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.1 . bát umal ... bat cumnech, LU 3490 - 1 . bat cúimnech, PH 1208.

Conj.

(a) -ba', pa' : naba thoirsech, Wb. 29d19 . napa chondarcell, 31c22 .

(b) -ba, -bad, -b(a)dat, -rbat, -rab, -rsat : nā ba lonn frim, TBC-I¹ 1210. nad bad lond-so, TBC-LL¹ 1045. na badat, 1106 . nabdat dolam, SR 1253. narbat (marab, narab, v.ll.) timtheirc tais, KMMisc. 262 § 9. nárbhat dian, Acall. 587. nárbat bronach-su, FDG 397.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) bad', bed', pad' : bad chore dúib friu `have peace towards them,' Wb. 27d11 . bed chuimnech, 33d5 . pad glicc far n-intliucht, 5c21 .

(b) bad, ba : arān Mochue ... ba hé dobertar dúin, Mon. Tall. 128.25 . bad and sein not adnastar, Trip.² 2991. bat (bá, v.l.) tusu bas ara, 2580 . bad (bud, bidh, bu, v.ll.) sonairt ar n-airle, Fél. Prol. 261. bad uallach, ScM. § 4.11 . ba (bá, LU) maith blāth in claideb, TBC-I¹ 934. bá[d] sí riar Aengusa, Ériu xii 146.2 (Tochm. Ét.). nech atcobra bithbethaid ... bat umhal, ZCP vii 312 § 23. With inf. pron. s. 2 : badat cuman remember, Rawl. 72b39 .

Conj.

(a) -bad' : nábad chotarsne fri bar n-ícc a nno-gessid, Wb. 24b3 . nabad do réir far colno beithe, 6b4 .

(b) -bad, -bud, -pa : ná bad ead do-gneth, BDD² 411. nábad olc do menma, LU 3271. na pa machtad amh libsi, Mon. Tall. 157.20 . nā bud sgēlach, ZCP vii 311 § 9.

pl. 1

(a) ban', baán' : ban chossmaili friar tuissech, Wb. 33b20 . 29b17 . baán tairismich do irnigdi, 5d22 .

(b) No instance.

pl. 2

Abs.

(a) bad', bed' : bad chensi fri cách, Wb. 24b1 . bad treúin i n-iriss, 27a6 . bed adthramli .i. gaibid comarbus for n-athar, 9a14 .

(b) No instance.

Conj.

(a) -bad' : nabad anfoirbthi-si, Wb. 12d26 .

(b) ? nadib leisc, SR 7843. narbar dúrcridig, 4842 .

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bat' : bat chosmuli frinni `let them be like unto us,' Wb. 17c5 .

(b) bat, bad : bat menci do dalai, Ériu viii 173.8 . bad sgrībt[h]a a sgēla, ZCP viii 110 § 10.

Conj.

(a) -bat : bad armatura dei bess lib nábat nacha arm aili, Wb. 22d14 .

(b) No instance.

Impf.

s. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) bíth : nicon ibdis bandai cormmai i tír Cualand, cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `whoever it used to be that they used to meet,' Mon. Tall. 129.19 (tr. Bergin, Ériu xii 209 , q.v.).

pl. 3 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 225 f. ).

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) batis : a trian rocharsa[t] Coin Culainn batís [d]aill ... batis clóin ... batis guit, RC viii 60.15 ( LL 117a7 - 10 ). ? batis gnatha ar buadhuiph band, Anecd. ii 70.8 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -btis : imrethitis a da thraigid ┐ a n-adbrond comtís luathidir ruathar funemda, Ériu iv 30.2 . comtis scítha, Snedg. u. Mac R § 27. dabertis T.D.D. lubi ... for aibnib ... comtís brecca ... na srotha díb, TBC-LL¹ 4213. comdis fliuch iad do deraib, TTebe 3711 . comtis, 2884 . nībtis omain neich `they used not to fear any man,' ZCP iii 38.25 (tr. Ériu xii 225 ).

Subj. Pres.

s. 1

(a) -ba : ciaba deróil la nech, Wb. 18a7 . 23b29 . niba dimicthe-se libsi `I should not be despised by you,' 21d3 . mainba aecne lib, 17c10 .

(b) -ba, -pa, ropom (ropa, v.l.), -rbom, -rbam, -rba, -bam ; with ma, madam : ni reg-sa assin chruachán-sa co mba marb, Trip.² 1294. nipá pene na régi, Mon. Tall. 131.17 . riasiu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.25 . acht ropom (ropa, LU) airdricsa, TBC-I¹ 571. im-caemros[s]a do gaethaib corbom gaeth fo-deisin, BDD² 167. díamsa saithech bíd when once I am satisfied, LU 8469 (FB). nírba cintach `may I not be guilty,' Ériu vi 116 § 3. dīa mba bēo-sa, KMMisc. 208.y . corbam cruithnecht it' it[h]lainn, Ériu iii 31 § 24. narbam crimnach, SR 3202. nīrbam utmall anbsaid, a meic mo Dé, ZCP vi 260 § 10. madham buidech-sae, CCath. 4210. madam beō-sa do-gēba luach a taisgedha ... minbam beō imorra ..., ML² 1495.

s. 2

(a) -ba' : armba cháinchomraccach-so, Wb. 30b23 . cia ba loingthech, 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . comba soilse-siu, Wb. 22c3 . Ml. 54b19 .

(b) bat, -ba, -pa, -bat, -pat, -rba(t), -rbot, -(b)sa(t) : with cía, cidat ; with ma, madat : ni ba dicheoil, SR 2197. nipa frithenech, LU 3495. ní pa, Ériu i 198 § 16a . nibát athboingid ar narbat aithrech, LU 3502. nibat comromach ar nábat miscnech, 3503 . nirbat díscir ... nibbát ecal ... nipát tairne ..., 3467 - 9 . ba hēmich corbad sercach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.3 . bat umal corbot ūasal, ib. § 3.7 . nírba chreccach, Ériu i 200 § 22. nirba truag, SR 3295. doroimle corbat cétach, ..., LU 8796 (FB). atraí coropat mor, 3533 . céin bat béo, 3919 . nirbat ancretmech ... acht corbat cretmech, PH 6776. diamba breiteam arafeser ... `if thou be a judge, thou shouldst know,' BCrólige § 66. diambat rolabar, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 7.16 . ZCP vii 298.17 . diamsa coemainech, IT i 70.2 . diamsat fissid, iii 488.352 . BS 86.25 . nírsat bidbha oirechta, Acall. 597. 598 . toich duit cidat rī, toich duit cidat druī (to a child), PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 3 ( LL 147a ). cidat lond im gním garta, IT iii 508 § 1. madat fīrēn flaith `if you be a just prince,' KMMisc. 262 § 15. madhid trēn, ML² 1437.

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

(i) Abs. The form ba appears to be used only as jussive subj. :

(a) ? bá tualang cách forcital alaili `let each be fit ...,' Wb. 6d13 ; ba samlid dúib `be ye thus,' 19d29 , but in both instances the editors would read bad for ba.

(b) do Chríst ba mór do gaire, Ériu i 200 § 22. ba i n-ómun ba i n-incridiu | gudem Críst let it be in fear ..., 195 § 10 (but ? cf. 1 fa).

Conj. (ii)

(a)bé (see Bergin, Ériu xii 208 ff .) : cia bé a mmēt adae `however great it may be,' Ml. 61b28 . cip hé ade asberam, 25d11 .

(b) cip hé gellus dít, Trip.² 1626. cibbe noda saraigfed, 789 . cipe a isle, ciape a huaisle, Laws v 386.15 . secht tellaige ... nad erenaiter cidbe indola, 206.2 . cidbe fine dib dibus, Cóic Con. H § 69. cebé baile no beth, LU 365. cipé tí, TBC-LL¹ 1768. cipia frisa ferthar tnú, Ériu v 211.69 . gidh bé haird iona dtuitfidh, TSh. 3985.

(iii) -bo occurs in the Glosses seeming sometimes to be the jussive subj. (neg.) and once after in whether , but these exx. may perhaps be pret. (but see (iv) below) :

(a) ní bo comitesti (rectius chomitesti, Ed.) dó `he should not be indulged,' Wb. 1c12 . nibo intain no mbeid ar súil tantum `it must not be when ye are before (His) eye,' 27c9 . rofitir side imbo ho chridiu fa nacc, 27c11 .

(b) No instance.

(iv)

-p, -b :

(a) níp tarisse lat `trust him not,' Wb. 30d24 . nip sain a n-asberat et immarádat, 28c1 . nip crú cruach, Thes. ii 250.11 (Stowe M.). arnáp hé som ..., Wb. 6c7 . ar nab laigiu, Sg. 179b1 . imb anacol dom fa nac, Wb. 23a6 . immaid (=imb m.) fa olcc, 8d26 . im fochróib bá chían, Sg. 151b2 . sechip hé ... `whosoever it be,' Wb. 3b15 . sechib grád i mbether and, 10a18 . cip cruth bíid páx libsi fri cách `howsoever it be,' 5d33 . cib cenél tra dia ro scribad ind epistil so, 3b20 . mainip in chrud-so, 10a5 . manip hinunn etargnae, Sg. 188a12 . Ml. 14d10 . cenib fír, 24d22 . cenip ho étrummugud inna n-olc, 59a23 . cinip hond sémigdetu, 59a23 .

(b) -p, -b, -pe, -be, later -ba, -bo ; with día, díam : acht nip inbleoguin, Laws ii 98.17 . bés níp aill do dáinib, Fél. Ep. 417. níp anchobrai, LU 9663. bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás daitsiu, 9210 . mad ben urnadma na be cetmunnter, Laws ii 380.25 . ar n[a] himirbera neach na be hai, v 476.z . diam dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229. BCrólige § 38. diam chuibse cataid `to whom veneration is due,' Laws i 10.24 . mairg ... diam cara Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 . cach fuil druith dinnap inna ramot techtai torai, BCrólige § 64. cid nabsin (? = nab sí in) Fedelm-sa ... cichsed, LU 8296. nabbsin, 8318 . air nā ba (v.l. arnab) sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434. arnapa dimicnithi, Trip.² 2048. sechib dán di[i]b, Críth G. 323. sicip hé dígbas ..., Trip.² 751. secip blas bá mellach, LU 1787. PH 1428. mad iar stair cip indus, Trip.² 33. BDD² 655. cip magen inda tecmai `in whatever place,' BCrólige § 40. cidh be manach doda-goad ┐ cib can a cinel whencesoever, Anecd. i 44.8 . cecip ní foillsighfithir daitt ` whatever ,' Aisl. Tond. 96.9 is fīach dia blīadnai dō īar sin d(h)inap (sic leg.) turbuith deithbire dothnairp dia nephthairiuc 'it becomes for him a debt [payable only] in a year’s time unless a legitimate excuse excuses him for his non-appearance' Bürgschaft 17 § 53 , Ériu xx 230 . dinnap ina ramot techtai torai 'unless it has accrued in a lawful way (?) ' Ériu xii 52 § 64 , xx 230 . manip do Chonchobor, ScM. § 3.16 . PH 2080. manib tualaing, Anecd. iii 23.12 . maniba t'ainmnet ..., Trip.² 859. manab ac oen flaith beit, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. munab neasa, 44.4 . DDána 76 § 24. munob cunntabartac[h], BCrólige § 14 n. 1 . munup, Laws iv 26.13 . menip, SR 3597. Cóic Con. RE § 23. minub, BCrólige § 23. FDG 389. minap, TBC-I¹ 795. PH 1542. minab, 6035 . munbo cairnech in craidhe, ZCP vi 268.12 . munba, ib. 11 . IGT Decl. ex. 352. cinip mór do bríg, Trip.² 1888. LU 1435 (MU).

The form arimp in the Glosses always has a final sense except the doubtful ex. in Ml. 130b8 (see below). The ex. from Críth Gabl. is also final, the others all express an indirect command or wish (cf. airndip, see (v) below) :

(a) arimp áigthidiu-de `that it may be the more dreaded,' Wb. 23d23 . 32a2 . 15c4 . arimp díthnad ... dúibsi foditiu fochide dúnni, 14b17 . arim tairismech, 25a9 . ised as maith la dia airimp (? leg. airndip) isin gess ... `this God would have ...,' Ml. 130b8 .

(b) arim túalang gabála[e] ríg, Críth G. 187. cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si ... arim sírsaegul ... ┐ arop airmitnech fēith, Cáin Ad. § 30. abbair fri Feradach, arim remḟissid arad sencharpait `er solle ein vorauswissender Lenker des alten Wagens sein,' ZCP xi 83 § 27. nach oirecht ... árim (corob, v.l.) cáin domnaig cétadéntar ann, Ériu ii 210 § 33. The usual way of expressing a wish or exhortation is rop (see section II below), but cf.: adair ... do Dia ┐ co mbá dó a aenur fhogna, PH 4724. searc Íosa ... go mba hé th'arm DDána 20 § 7. goma, 93 § 37 . in cū ruad ... coma taīseach cāemc[h]uaine, CCellaig 463 . With cen co : cen cop foccus a gcairdiss, Anecd. ii 62.2 . MacCongl. 39.27 . PH 3100. cin cob aire doronsat, 3237 .

(v)

(a) -dip, -dib : condip slán á anim, Wb. 9b9 . condib cumme, 24a22 . is tacair arndip samlid it is meet that it be thus, 22c11 . airndip maith a forcell `that the testimony may be good,' 25d21 . airndib ecmailt, Tur. 71 (airndip may have either final or consecutive sense, see note on arimp in (iv) above). duús indip fochunn ícce do, Wb. 26b27 . dús cia port indib maith, 24 .

(vi) With ma (má),

(a) mad : mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, Wb. 20c6 . 12a23 . 4a14 . mad cétnide a n-animm, Sg. 197a2 . 3b19 . mad du rúin `according to the mystic meaning,' Tur. 103.

(b) mad, mád : mad a dligiud ḟénechso (Corr., Ed.) is menbu, Críth G. 11. mad nóeb arid-léga, Fél. Ep. 178. Corm. Y 1233. mad na mna `if it belong to the woman,' Laws ii 402.1 . mádh táesca dhuit iná dham, Anecd. i 32 § 54. mád, LU 9216. madh peacthach é, TSh. 4315.

(vii)

With cía although, that ,

(a) cith, cid : deithbeir do ceith aneola, Wb. 33c16 . cith etarṡuidigthe, Sg. 68b4 . Mon. Tall. 159.2 . cid accobrach, Wb. 4c34 . cid doib doarrchet `though they were prophesied unto,' 5a16 (here the sense appears to be indic., see GOI § 793 ). cid comsuidigthe, Sg. 201a10 . Ml. 2d12 .

(b) cid, gid: cid ē marad tarm ēisi, Corm. Y 180. cid diabal fod foirge, Laws iv 18.19 . cid sain na conairi (pl. subject). Cóic Con. H. § 43. gid rogāeth nī rogand, TBC-I¹ 2596.

cid ed nevertheless: (b) cid ed nī rochotail, TBC-I¹ 2512. gidh eadh ní híad as andsa, KMMisc. 352 § 6.

cid ... cid, cid ... nó whether (it be) ... or ...:

(a) ma gorith locc cith ine chuis nú ine láim, Thes. ii 245.36 (Camb.). cid maid cid olcc la nech, Wb. 30d6 . cach réit cid precept cid labrad, 13a29 . Sg. 2a7 . Ml. 26a8 . cid ho deacht maicc nó ho deacht athar arafoima doinacht maicc aní arroet, 17c3 .

(b) cid cóem cid díchóem, Críth G. 225. Corm. Y 1167. SCC 679 .

cid cia whoever it be: am chind cid cia raib, KMMisc. 254 § 4.

cid though it be has also the sense even , in which sense its verbal content must early have been forgotten so that it may be folld. by plural noun or pronoun, and by a dependent vb. in indic. instead of subj.:

(a) cithisse `it is even he,' Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). corrici cith besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ceith cenmathá in tegdais n-ucut `even besides,' Wb. 33a4 . cid ind fochith follongam `even the suffering which we endure,' 14b15 . ceth Máolruoin, Mon. Tall. 135.24 . co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1a2 .

(b) coire ... no suigfedh cid Erind, Corm. Y 323.8 . ní dénaiter cid clocha fotraicthi díb, Trip.² 873. ni cuma dono cid cach mis disuidiu, Laws iv 88.19 . ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185. cid mecnu, LU 10560.

II Forms with ro-.

(i)

(a) rop, rob, ropo' (the form rob occurs only before b and m): rop corae doib fri dia `peace be with them ...,' Wb. 20d1 . rop scīath dún diar n-imdegail, Hy. i 20. rop fír, ib. 39 . nicon fil bas sciith lim act rop ar crist, Wb. 18a2 . acht robronach (=rob bronach, Ed.), Ml. 86d12 . act ropo cho n-etarceirt, Wb. 13a26 . act ropo cho torbu, 27 .

(b) rop, rob, ropo': rop múr ar cech merblén' Babill, Fél. Jan. 24. rob hí ascaid connaga, Ériu iv 106 § 59. rob dimbríogh gach tonn dá ttuil | gach imshníomh sonn rob soruidh, Studies 1921, 76 § 25 . DDána 122 § 21. acht rop la forcomet, Mon. Tall. 161.27 . Trip.² 2941. acht rob tol dait-so, ZCP viii 312.8 . riasíu ropo chúairddulchach, Críth G. 68.

The form robo, robu and with inf. pron. rodbo, rodbu occurs in the sense either, or (cf. Fr. soit ... soit). The editors of Thes. Pal. (i 433 n. ) say it `seems to be regular in the first of two or more alternatives.' It is so used in the great majority of cases but in Wb. 14c24 and Ml. 58b11 (see below) it precedes the second alternative. Pedersen ( KZ xxxv 404 f . q.v.) suggests an original meaning `was es sei' and the loss of the demonstrative pronoun a n- or aní before robo. Thurneysen ( GOI § 886 ) believes it to have been a potential ro- subj. It is found somet. where in the Lat. uel .. uel .., or Lat. aut .. aut ... occur:

(a) rodbo dia adroni ... ł. is hé-som adroni ... either God has committed ..., Wb. 29d29 . 16d7 . fo chenéle lugi [i]ssiu rodbo chosmi[liu]s `as a kind of oath ... or a similitude,' 14c24 . robo intí forchain gl. siue qui docet, 5d10 . robo folad diles ł. doacaldmach, Sg. 197a1 . 200b6 . robu óenlitrib gl. uel singulis literis, 28a12 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur ... (uel ...), Ml. 30d11 . robu a caratrad gl. (uel necessitudo) uel (familiaritas), 58b11 (but Eds. suggest on p. 721b : `as robu regularly refers to the former of two alternatives, gloss 11 may gl. uel necessitudo'). robu a nnu mothaigtis gl. aut stupentes, 44c6 . 109c3 . 121b6 .

(b) rodbu forcetail ł. scribend ł. uaimm n-etaig, LB 11b13 . innahí rohaisneid dó N. .. rodbo o littrib no a himaccalmaibh, ZCP ii 321.y .

(ii) -rop, -rup, -rub:

(a) corrup mithich gabáil ferainn do, Wb. 19d3 . corrop hed mo indeb Crist, 24a6 . corop he to menmme, Thes. ii 255.14 (Stowe M.). Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 40b7 . corub mebuil leu, Ml. 138c8 . See also Subst. Vb. l. 1389 ff.

(b) -rup, -rub, -rob, -rop, -rab, -rap, -rip, -rp: corup messu de dún, Trip.² 2592. TBC-I¹ 1577. PH 5319. corob gel in mag, Trip.² 555. TBC-I¹ 2455. corrom mé (=corrob mé) nosn-orr, BDD² 721. corab meisi, Trip.² 1360. Laws iv 62.18 Comm. Anecd. i 17.17 . curub cutruma cuit cach fir dib, Cóic Con. H § 102. co rāssa in cū hīsin ┐ corip ingnīma, TBC-I¹ 539 = corop, LU 5028. acht corp dall, SR 2900. āgusta dō gurab trū, Corm. Y 1238. ní rop áilsed `let there not be neglect,' Fél. Ep. 522. nī rob do soinmige ┐ nī rob do fechtnaidi dō, TBC-I¹ 640 = nipo ... ┐ nirop, LU 5125. arnarap galar doib, Mon. Tall. 147.23 . arnā rob olc, Corm. Y 425. fégad cech aen uaib ... ná rob dáll ... hé, PH 4666. Sometimes the final b or p dropped out, at first before initial b or f: arnara fochand báis dóib, Mon. Tall. 146.29 . 152.11 . curu bēl ainmnech urnaigthech, ACL iii 234 § 9. luiget ... co ro bréc, PH 2685. co ro huain doib, 4997 .

rel.

(a) bes`, bas`: níi bes chotarsne diar n-ícc, Wb. 11a24 . bes chossecarthae, Ml. 63a6 . bes miniu, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe M.). céin bas mbéo, Wb. 10b23 . a mbas cete, Thes. ii 17.34 (Bcr.).

(b) bes`, bas`, bus`: nech bes ardu, Críth G. 115. lin bes coir, BCrólige § 48. ni bes epiltiu, Mon. Tall. 152. 31 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47. ontí bass formbthi, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . dís bas ḟerr, BDD² 1222. ríasiu bus lá, MU² 322. neich bus chomgrād dó, Ériu i 219 § 7. i llaim neich bessa set `of the person whose property it is,' Laws v 376.4 . do cach besa ai whose it is, ii 398.z . iv 28.5 . i 264.18 . A pron. may be infixed between rel., and its pred.: doeim dano in clī innī besidn-īsle, doemar som ōnnī besadn-ūaisliu, Corm. Y 275. set inna muin cachae besid fiu, Laws v 384.z . 382.8 . ech beissid fiu, 406.9 . cenn caich ... i fine besid sruithe, besid n-uaisliu, ZCP xiv 369 § 31. ailid .iii. seotu bes da fiu, Laws v 408.7 .

pl. 1

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ropond: ropond bēo for deis mic Dē may we be alive, ZCP viii 106 § 9 (ropo-nd = 3 s.+inf. pron. pl. 1).

Conj.

(a) -ban`: co comalnammar a pridchimme et comman (=co m-ban) dessimrecht do chach, Wb. 31c11 . a numman aircheltai, Ml. 27b10 .

(b) -ban, -rdar, -(r)bar; with cía, gidar: is am comman tairisiu `'tis time that we should be ...,' Fianaig. 26.14 . an biucán gurdar síthaig, Hib. Min. 82.23 . gidar comaltai, TBC-LL¹ 3680. co mbar commaithe, 35 . tiagam ass con (f)acamar na milchonu ...┐ corbar (go mbat, v.l.) scithu oco, TBFr. App. § 16.

pl. 2

Abs.

(a) bede: conicfid-si bede preceptori uili `ye will all be able to be teachers,' Wb. 13a10 .

Conj.

(a) -bad: combad accomalti-si limsa, 23a26 . arnábad toirsig dim chuimriug-sa, 27c34 . arna bad huilcc, 5d38 . dia mbad mathi, 16a13 . ma[nba]d irlaithi, 27c11 . ? To this: annambaid (anambaid, MS.) buidig `when ye are not content,' Ml. 115b10 .

(b) nibur n-ecnaigid, SR 4871. nibfor cétludaig, 4872 .

pl. 3

I Forms without ro-.

No absolute forms occur without ro-.

Conj.

(i)

(a) -bet`, -pat`, -bat`: mainbet mathi, Wb. 11c5 . nó innabet o nach ainmm-diu etir `or whether they are not from any nominal form at all,' Sg. 56b1 . arnapat toirsich, Wb. 26d21 . combat irlamu-de ind ancreitmich do chretim, 12d29 . armbat eolig, 31d15 . armbat chosmaili, Ml. 130a12 . a mbat n-erchoissi, 73c9 . cinbat huili, Wb. 4d6 .

(b) -bet, -bat: im damu nad be tairchesa (leg. bet airchesa), Laws i 184.14 . iv 54.10 . mat cuibdi ... manbet cuibdi, i 244.3 . adubairt ... conod brathair iat cen go bed, Celt. Rev. x 36.18 . acht conbat beoda, TBC-LL¹ 39. combat sithamla, PH 4015. 6746 . manibat óga a frithḟolaid, Ériu i 219 § 9. menbat allmaraig, MU² 517. diamat glain, SR 1461. cenibat fiu, Laws ii 316.20 .

(ii) With ma,

(a) mat: mat hé na briathra-sa forcane, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and, Sg. 189b4 .

(b) mat, madat, mádit: mat comaithi a folaid, no mat comolca, Laws ii 362.25 - 6 . mat e ... anfolaid in cele falla frithgnama, ZCP xiv 387 § 53. madat comlūatha, ZCP viii 217 § 2. mádit (sic leg.) creidmech, KMMisc. 146.4 .

(iii) With ce, cía although ,

(a) cit: cit imdi far forcitlidi, Wb. 9a12 . 4d4 . 12a13 . cit comsuidigthi, Sg. 207b11 . 190b1 . et muscreitfet cit hésidi `even they,' Wb. 5c2 .

(b) cit, cidat, ciambat: cit lir, Mon. Tall. 156.26 . Fél. Prol. 245. cith (leg. cit) lir cétuib, ZCP viii 195 § 7. cidat (cid, v.l.) créchtnaig, BDD² 1347. KMMisc. 268 § 41. ciambat ilardai, SR 4833.

(iv) With cía, ce who, what ,

(a) No instance.

(b) cit: indid damsa cit n-armand | hi fil chend erred Ul[ad] tell me what are the places ..., LU 11056.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) ropat`: ropat choin altai ... adcear, Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). acht ropat ṡaini tertpersin, Sg. 199a1 .

(b) ropat`, robat`, robet, ropsat: ropat lir a tellaig, Trip.² 2571. ropat óin dom ṡnádud `may they be one,' Fél. Jan. 21. robat mo cuirn coidin midc, Otia i 126 § 24. robet ar seilb an ōenfir, BColm. 54.10 . ropsat idain dīan-báis ám, KMMisc. 210.3 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -rbat, ? -rsat: ciarbat mara a treba, Hy. ii 60 Comm. curbat úagṡlá[i]n, BColm. 54.11 . nirbat ile a liberna, LU 1035. girbat linmara, TBC-LL¹ 4196. garbat discailtig, 544 . apair ó brethir namá corbat bairgin na clochasa, PH 4918. ciarbot maithi, KMMisc. 266 § 32. ? gorsat lir a mmairb andas a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6015.

rel.

(a) beta`, bete`, bata`: beta téit `when they are wanton,' Wb. 29a1 . beda fiscina baptizerium, Thes. ii 226.29 (Pcr.). donaib hí beta cheti, Ml. 126c4 . ni cumcat bete gentilia, Sg. 33a16 . a mbata n-aersigthi, Ml. 127a4 .

(b) beta, bete, bida: mad aile da lina beta olca [a] folaid, Laws ii 366.11 . itir na ceithre comaichaib beda neasa do, iv 116.2 . tech sruithi bet (leg. betc) fuirbthium, Mon. Tall. 136.23 . tri haidche bede cora, Laws v 438.24 . cusna belltenaib bida nesom, ii 390.20 . trian de don ḟir bed a (leg. beda a) beich `whose bees they are,' iv 116.1 Comm. Cf. do fir bede heich, 106.1 Comm.

Subj. Past

s. 1

(a) -bin, -benn: commin inricc dó `so that I may be worthy thereunto,' Wb. 24a11 . combin cosmail, Ml. 91b7 . arnamtomnad námmin duine, Wb. 17d23 . nombin dermatach, Ml. 20a4 . toimtin armbenn duine, 130d4 .

(b) -badim, -badam: abraind nā badim (? sic leg.) slānsa ... ropad rēill mo tholcsa and, TBC-I¹ 3532. bad cháined dom ḟir co mbadim ferr-sa, TBC-LL¹ 34. damadam (sic leg.) rig (dia mbam airdrí, v.l.) for Erinn if I were , FDG 519.

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) -badat: da mbad in lāsin, nī epertha co mbadad (leg. mbadat) ferr do lōech annā Cū., TBC-I¹ 2503. is é in claideb dobéraind ... menbadat (sic leg.) aide, RC xiv 426.25 ( LL 111b4 ).

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

(i) Abs.

(a) bed`, bad`: arna tomnathar bed foammamichthe deacht don dóinacht `that (the) Godhead is subject,' Wb. 13c2 . dommuinfide bed n-ísel intí dia, Ml. 40c17 (in these two exx. we have the type of sentence in which bid occurs in Wb. 25c12 , see (iii) below). din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39b11 . ni arindí bed leth ngotho nobed indib, 5a4 . dóig linn bed n-acuit, 30a8 . bed chuintechti, Ml. 92a17 . ni robe nech bad huaisliu, Wb. 33d10 . aimser ba (leg. bad, Edd.) chomadas dó, 21a1 . cia bed a mmēt inna fochaide `whatever the greatness of the tribulations might be,' Ml. 39a13 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 208 ff .).

(b) bed`, bad`, pad, bud: ba dóig leó bed a sídaib dí, BDD² 42. nech bed chomalaind dó, LU 1667 (ICM). nad baí baili bád cuidbiu dó, Trip.² 429. lāech bad chāime, TBC-I¹ 3242. BDD² 79. mad mē bad chend ..., Ériu iii 140.183 . cīa ragas ...? Cīa pad cīa ... acht Condere `who should it be cut C.', i 114 § 3 . muc bud grátu, Corm. Y 118. ní bud ṡíre, BDD² 138. ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089. With inf. pron. s. 3: tegdais adchondarc indiu | ni fa[il] ba-da-crichidiu (? leg. bad-da-), Thes. ii 292 § 1 (Ml. Poems). marbān badid n-ingnathar, Bruchst. 45 § 102. coich bia beo badid [n-]amradair, RC xx 260 § 65 = badib amradair, LU 873. badid-rédithir ... badid-némithir, RC xxiv 56 § 17. s. 1: nī faigebasu curaid ... bádam fiusa, LU 3913.

(ii) Conj.

(a) -bed`, -bad` (mainbed (minbad, manibad) is regularly folld. by acc.): mainbed maith latsu, Wb. 32a11 . combed chiall ainsedo ildai and, Ml. 67d24 . ni bed uilliu, 54b30 . is cumme nibad móidem `it is the same as though it were not boasting,' Wb. 2b14 . amal nibad fiu, Ml. 63d2 . mainbad éicin, Wb. 4a20 . Hy. v 32. manibbad hinunn, Sg. 17b8 . manibad trocairi ndáe, Ml. 111b28 . manipad taschidetaid, 136c2 . arnábad rómár, Wb. 11c7 . conapad firdía mac, Ml. 21c12 . diambad mathi, Wb. 16a13 . combad choitchen, Sg. 72a1 . Ml. 21d1 . combath chomlan rith lunae , Thes. ii 33.27 (Bv.). na epred a menme armbad ferr són, Wb. 10a16 . arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.).

(b) -bed`, -bad`, -pad, -bud, -bod: ised bud cóir laisim combed de laim anmcharat ..., Mon. Tall. 146.25 . Trip.² 2246. ní ... tresambed elned do, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . manipad lor, 128.15 . manipad do chrúass, Trip.² 1370. minbad in mbáin mbic, MacCongl. 107.7 . cid daitsiu nábad lat in curathmír, LU 8112. diambad Chú, 3752 . dámadh linn, TSh. 5962. combad chennach, LU 4296. bá cubaid cíapad tussu bad dall, Trip.² 1516. dūs imbad lór, Mon. Tall. 133.8 . mun budh le druimm cáein Cesrach, Anecd. i 32 § 60. minbud thu, ii 4.11 . ar na bud ed, PH 3074. ? go nach budh rí ar Israel tú `ne sis rex,' TSh. 8330. cid daitsiu ... nád bod latt curadmir Emna, LU 8140. cía lasmboth scīth ┐ lasmboth laind techt int slōgaid, TBC-I¹ 154.

(iii)

(a) bid (this form, which Thurn. ( GOI § 806 ) suggests may be an unstressed form of vn. buith, occurs regularly after amal, oldaas, is cumme, in doich, in comparative and equative clauses and in a few other instances. This would suit an ex. like Thes. ii 294 § 3 below but does not explain phrases where bid follow amal, is cumme, etc. It survives into Mid. Ir. but is somet. replaced by bed or bad, and in a few cases spreads to other types of sentence (amal bid is regularly folld. by acc. cf. mainbad, above): amal bid dia as though he were God, Wb. 26a7 . amal bid claind noclantis, Ml. 63b9 . amail bith ball di crist, Thes. ii 255.14 (Stowe M.). amal fid na derscaigthiu, Ml. 37b22 . amal bid inn accaldim deithidnig (leg. nd.), 35c27 . is cumme doib bid idalte domeltis, Wb. 10c3 . in doich bid saindóire dúnni, 10d1 . is nessa do inni lemm oldaas bid ar n-áinsem, 4b17 . ní lugu ... indáas bid praeceptóir asidindissed, Ml. 42b18 . arna tomnitisom bid do irgairiu cotulta, Wb. 25c12 (see above under (i) where this type of sentence occurs with bed in Wb. 13c2 and Ml. 40c17 ). ni meite bid machdad forgare forru, Sg. 161b12 . ba coru tra bid adnuntiabit nobeth híc , Ml. 45b14 . soilsidir bid hi lugburt, Thes. ii 294 § 3 ( SP iii ).

(b) amal bid oc caíned ... [no beth], Trip.² 87. amal bid do thecht secha, IT i 72.14 . amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059.37 . amal bid fótrond ..., LU 9099 (FB). ba doich lind bid din lucht forācaibset som, ZCP viii 313.25 . ba hé mo líthsa bid é do-chorad and, BDD² 494. asberat alaili bid di lucht na luinge ..., ZCP viii 313.23 . In a type of sentence where it did not occur in O. Ir.: flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair whose father was not a chief, Laws ii 200.21 . nā tānic rīam nā īarum bīd (leg. bid) errdarcu, MacCongl. 45.28 . ar cend neich bid (budh, v.l.) éolchu ┐ bid síne andás, Ériu iv 126.15 . ingen bid chaime tochim, RC xxiv 198.24 . In the follg. exx. O. Ir. would show bid: amal bud he Crist, PH 129. mar bud, 4098 . amal bad a domun aile thíssad, TBFr. 278. is cumme lem bed (bid, v.l. App.) i taulchubu fhína no beth mo chend, TBFr. 47. in dōig bad ē Conchobur, TBC-I¹ 2758. (cf. also: ba doig bed n-ingcert, Ml. 61b15 ). dōig leam bad i ndiamraib ... nobeith, TBC-I¹ 884.

(iv) With ma (má),

(a) mad: mad mo ríar-sa dognethe and, Wb. 9d25 . mad forcenn libuir, Ml. 2d1 .

(b) mad, mád: mad meise con-ísed mo chomairle, BDD² 708. mád ina ṡláinti ind fir fil sund robad chomairche ar Ultaib ulib, LU 3303.

(v) With cía, ce although ,

(a) cid: ni pu imdu do in mann cid trén oc tecmallad `though he were,' Wb. 16c25 .

(b) cid: cid fín bárc do-téised treut, BDD² 740.

II Forms with ro-. ro- is rare with past subj. The instances are:

(a) act robad tairismech linni, Wb. 18d11 . ní ar maith friu ... act is corpad mithig lessom inducbál dia nóibaib, 4c37 .

(b) ? ingé (read perhaps itge, Ed.) ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do seinm tr. `I would crave a boon, said he, to play a tune,' Mon. Tall. 131.28 . acht corbad maithi a gnima, Ériu v 124.76 . amal ro bad pheccad leo as though they considered it a sin, PH 3232.

pl. 1

Abs.

(a) bimmis, bemmis : amal bimmis octarche `as if we were dregs,' Wb. 9a7 . amal bemmis bibdaid, Ml. 114d4 .

(b) amal bemís marb, PH 2967.

Conj.

(a) -bimmis : amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib, Wb. 17b16 . Ml. 63b1 . commimmis ecil hi fochidib, Wb. 29b16 . commimis less huili, 6b21 .

(b) -badar : acht co mbadar maithe díblínaib, TBC-LL¹ 35.

pl. 2 No instance.

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bitis, betis: nírbu mou leu bríg a tobai indate bitis cranna doiscairi dufubaitis `than though they had been cutting down common trees,' Ml. 92d6 . donaib déedib betis chloithib, 131d11 . amal betis degmaini, 90a14 .

(b) bitis, betis, batis : amal bitis chóic ṡutralla, Trip.² 1448. ba bindithir ... ┐ betis téta mennchrot, BDD² 189. TBFr. 27. amal betís margretai, PH 2445. dicunt betis secht maic, ZCP viii 314.34 (Laud Gen.). asberat araile batis trī brāthir, ib. 331.14 (ib.). doruimenatar bádis fir ṡīthe, Trip.² 1112.

Conj.

(a) -btis, -ptis : comtis indbaid i n-iris, Wb. 10d33 . conabdis apstil, 5b15 . comtis ainmmnidi, Sg. 7b2 . coniptis erlama, Ml. 100c24 . maniptis mu charait, Ml. 73d1 . Sg. 120a1 . ni aisndet duaid airmdis hé iusti indí ..., Ml. 54a12 . airmtis ní etir, 79b11 . amtis forbristi ind ríg, 85d9 .

(b) -btis, -ptis : comtis secht maic, Trip.² 901. PH 7013. comdis sidhaighthi, ZCP xiii 254.12 . comtís comarda síat, TBC-LL¹ 5015. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564. naptis messaiti, Ériu iv 24 § 10. diambtís rátha iat, MU² 376. diambtís craind, 434 . ciabtis cosmaile, SR 2892. ciapdis ganna, Anecd. ii 69.8 . ciamdis dimolta, i 21.5 . With amal betis under (a) above, cf. marbtís máirb as though they were dead, LU 9761. immarbdais meic do, 4097 .

With ma

(a) matis : matis huili conabdis apstil tantum `if it were all (the Jews) and not the apostles only,' Wb. 5b15 . matis mu namait, Ml. 73b1 .

(b) matis is replaced in Mid. Ir. by diambtís q.v., supra.

Fut.

s. 1

Abs.

(a) be : be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word,' Wb. 4c18 . bé (biam, bum, v.ll.) sóir cech inbaid, Hy. iv 8.

(b) bea, bem, bam, bíam, bidam : bem (bea, v.l.) torbach[u]-sa duit-si oldās ..., Corm. Y 1059.30 = bam tarbach sa deit, Anecd. iv p. xiv.y . in hed bam beo, SR 3187. Ériu iv 142.z . bam tarb tnúith isna tressaib, IT iii 510 § 4. Anecd. i 12.7 . bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia, PH 2428. biam tigerna os cech drung, SR 855. bíam cúsa ... dot imdegail, LU 5027. bidam chusa, TBC-LL¹ 1049 (v.l., Eg.). bidam bithchuimnech, RC xvi 46 ( Dinds. 95 ). CCath. 3348. bídham tigerna fer an domain, 4046 .

Conj. (a) No instance.

(b) -pam : ni pam slán-sa ... conid n-accur, IT i 72.1 . nípam comchirtisea do neoch, LU 4248.

s. 2

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ba, basa, bat, biat, bidat : ba baeth, SR 5955. ba bruiden ban ndérach, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.19 . bása bec bíaid úair | basa már iar tain, LU 9854. bat neirt ar do lochnamtib, LU 10423. bat (ba, v.l.) fornocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.4 . bat (ba, bad, v.ll.) dín ar gád, ib. 9 . bát nimidech, LU 9633. biat rīsiu co derb, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 8 . § 15 . biat forscailtech, ib. § 17 ( LL 147a ). bidat úallach, ZCP vii 298.17 . LB 151a48 . bidhit neimedach, BNnÉ 93 § 204. toīsechu bia marb oldās bia meirb, PRIA iii 546 § 8 ( LL 147a9 ) (this is really the form of the subst. vb. but seems to be intended as copula, cf. biat, above).

Conj.

(a) Strachan ( Subst. Vb. l. 1316 ) gives : co mba soilse-siu, Wb. 22c3 (gl. inluminabit tibi Christus) but translates `so that thou mayest be,' Thes. i p. 639 which is probably correct.

(b) -ba, -bat : adbert fria drai ... ni bam rai (? leg. niba-m-drai) badechtsa mene dingba ..., BB 407a1 . da lecea tú Ísu ass, ni bat cara do Cessair, PH 2815.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) bid, bith : bid héet lib-si geinti do bith in hiris, Wb. 5a13 . bid cumma et riam, 18a13 . bith sechmadachte, Sg. 147b3 . bith flaithem intí Solam for saint, Ml. 90a9 .

(b) bid, bith, beith, bed, bud : bid nath n-airec fordarc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 16.6 . bidsom fria toil `it (heaven) will be at their pleasure,' Mon. Tall. 141.17 . bid misi, Trip.² 1963. Laws i 6.z . bid calma, TBC-I¹ 2469. bid hē lā a phennati, MacCongl. 29.6 . PH 4032. ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib, Mon. Tall. 141.15 . rochrúfemne ... ind pennit bes chóir fortsu. Bed cet ol D., 130.23 . With inf. pron. s. 2 : bidat eigen dola, Aisl. Tond. 101.x . ammarach bud maith do threóir, Anecd. i 39 § 114. ib. 17.18 . RC xxiv 194.7 . budh hē bērus an bāiri, ZCP xiii 17.27 . budh iomdha ann fós arracht ag eagcaoine, TSh. 4068.

Conj.

(a) -pa, -ba : nípa cosmuil frisin titacht tóisig, Wb. 25d13 . níba cuit adíll, 14a8 . níbbá i n-anus regaid int diruidigud, Sg. 36b1 . in corp i mba flaith in coimdiu, Wb. 9d3 . With inf. pron. s. 3 : nípa-dn-aidrech, 5c9 .

(b) -ba, -pa, -bo, -po, -bu, -pu, -b, -bad, -bud : níba ed bias de, Trip.² 453. BDD² 58. niba fír, ScM. § 11.2 . nipa mor do brig lais, Mon. Tall. 142.4 . admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 294. nīpa mise, TBC-I¹ 2141. níbá fír sin, LU 8199. ár | día[m]bá lán Mag F., 3368 . With inf. pron. s. 2 : níbat écen nach n-aill, MU² 1037 (LU). ? nib amles, LU 3325 (tr. `it will be no harm,' SCC 117 ). toingimsa ... corob misi cētfer roficfa (b inserted later, Ed.), TBC-I¹ 2243. mani thuaslaicea isind chaisc nipo assa doib iarum, Mon. Tall. 132.17 . nipo fócrach, Ériu vii 219 § 2. nībo dirsan dait, TBC-I¹ 1048. nipu sén maith itir ... ni fu líth don fleid, FDG 121. nī bu inmuin, Bruchst. 60 § 134. níbu shirsan, TBFr. 370 (= nipi siursan, App. § 26 ). nī bad (ba, v.l.) fāilid, Bruchst. 40 § 95. bat righ uili iat gin co budh comṡaeglach, Anecd. ii 1.15 .

rel.

(a) bes`, bas` : in hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . bes lintae, Ml. 44d7 . hore bas fír quod dicam, Wb. 17d20 .

(b) bas`, bus` : Marcán ... bas dech do Uíb Garrchon, Trip.² 2191. félire bas (bus, v.l.) certu, Fél. Ep. 148. ro-fessar ... bas n-olc, LU 7566 (BDD). ni-sn-idnus sund nī bus siriu, TBC-I¹ 3104. inní bus comairle [lat-sa is sí bas chomairle] linne, Anecd. i 41.3 - 4 . cīan bus chumain, ZCP viii 119 § 4. an feadh bhus cumhain leó iad, TSh. 1256.

pl. 1

(a) bimmi ?, bemmi, bammi : isin chruth-sin bimmi nóib-ni, Wb. 3d27 (but see ZCP xxxii 120-21 ). 12c9 . bemmi caelestis, 13d15 . isamlid bami coeheredes , 4a17 .

(b) batin: batin aithrig is tír thall `we shall rue it,' Ériu i 68 § 3 (this is from a poem, occurring in H 3. 18 and LL, which Meyer ascribes to 9th cent. Perhaps one should take it as : ba don-aithrig it will be a matter of regret to us, but cf. atin budig de we are content, Anecd. i 5.18 = YBL 129b23 ).

pl. 2 ? folaich in mac, bar bibdaith bāis ind dia fessara Mac Con, ZCP viii 311.5 , CMMucr. 69 .

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bit : bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . bit comṡuidichthi, Sg. 4b1 . bit comlin fri fér, Ml. 90b8 .

(b) bit, be(i)t, bat, biat, bidat : bit coirmmgnáithi do chomarpai, Trip.² 1565. bit fūaitne fīanna lib Luigne, Corm. Y 1018.46 . bit lia mairb ... andate a mbí, LU 7187 (BDD). bit lir bomand ega ... for lethchind, 7233 (ib.). beit fir móra ar macáin bic | ...bid daim ríata laíg ar mbó, LU 9587 - 9 . bed glana chenai, Mon. Tall. 130.1 . bet imnaraig, Anecd. ii 55.4 . bat mairb fir, IT iii 470.105 . bat lana, TBC-LL¹ 1055. ? in dóig bát dom éligudsa ón ? that they will be a cause of accusation to me (?), LU 3277 (obscure, perhaps bat is s. 2). biat mathi do chland, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 9 ( LL 147a10 ). bidat gai géra, ib. 550 § 31. bidat marthanaig, LU 1998. bidat mo na huilc innas ..., CCath. 988.

Conj.

(a) -pat, -bat, -bet : nipat ferr, Wb. 12d28 . nibat litre, Sg. 6b23 . níbat briathra, Ml. 68c10 . a mbat n-airbirthi buith, 94d1 . anambet ecailsi, 15d7 .

(b) -pat, -bat, -pdat, -bad : nipat ili anmand eissi, Trip.² 934. ní bat buana, TBC-LL¹ 1692. nipdat duthaine, SR 8355. airm inbat budig do bēoil, MacCongl. 77.4 . im bad tíre ┐ feranna, Anecd. i 42.1 . ní bad sgíotha dot sgéulaibh | na Burcaigh, Studies 1919, 439 § 10 .

rel.

(a) beta` : beta hícthi, Wb. 3d29 . beta messi, Ml. 70a9 .

Sec. Fut.

s. 1

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) badam : cid andib badam slansa mad ail duitsiu, Ériu xii 166.13 (Tochm. Ét.).

Conj. -badam : [ba] meti nibadam beo d' ingnais rig M. `I were not likely to live,' Ériu x 190.16 ( LL 276a41 ).

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) ropadat, badat : díambad curadmir do chosnam i nEmain duit, ropadatren (for ropadat trén, Edd.) for ōcaib Emna, LU 6720. ar badat slanchommairgi-siu bar Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1165.

s. 3

I Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) ropad`, robad` ; ar ropad maith limsa labrad ilbelre dúibsi, Wb. 12c29 . Sg. 90b2 . robad bethu dom dían chomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . roppad diil tanaisi, Sg. 111b2 . dorairngred dano rombad oirdnide a chland, Wb. 2c12 .

(b) robad`, ropad`, rubad`; robud` : robad chongbail ... dó, Trip.² 1731. robad chomairche ar Ultaib ulib, LU 3303. asbert fria rubad torrach húad, 10601 . robud sía, ACL iii 304.16 . ropad chora, PH 2593. robad was later replaced by dobad : dobadh cōir, Feis Tighe Chonáin 130. dobudh aisg ar m'fhine tar m'ēisi sin, ML² 1413. dobudh mór an éagcóir, TSh. 4845. 2718 , which in turn gave way to the modal pret.

Conj. No conjunct ro- forms occur.

II Forms without ro-.

Abs. These are rare in the Glosses and do not occur in independent sentences, but become more usual later.

(a) bed` : conidfessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . bed messe gl. ratum fore, 105b14 .

(b) bed`, bad`, bud` (bud seems not always to have been folld. by lenition, see ex. below from TSh.) : asbert fri Cassan bed n-ann a eiseirgi, Trip.² 828. ní bad toisigiu dún something that would be ..., Trip.² 117. Corm. Y 473. cia bad chōir do thabairt, TBC-I¹ 2203. BDD² 126. cia de bud ferr la hUltu ..., TBC-I¹ 692. ní bud fiú sain, Anecd. i 28 § 28. budh urlamh, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . an bél dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. budh dual, TSh. 1584. In independent sentences, where O. Ir. would show robad : bád maith limsa, LU 3354. faicthear 'n-a dhorus a dheilbh | 's badh solus aitreabh Ifeirn Hell would be radiant, DDána 60 § 37.

Conj.

(a) The forms without ro- supply the conjunct of both bed and robad. -bad`, -pad` : na bad eola inar cintaib, Wb. 33b21 . asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi, 25b27 . níbad ṡamlaid, Sg. 4b4 .

(b) -bad`, -bud` (in the latest exx. there seems not to have been lenition) : imrāidset ... nīpad andsu, TBC-I¹ 1330. ni bad chained, TBC-LL¹ 34. na bud chalmu, 2063 . adubart-sa ... comadh fearr, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1132. ní bud liacha, BDD² 493. fá bud chasmail, PH 7544. nī bud cobair, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 36 . do bhríogh gomadh cosmhail, TSh. 4766.

pl. 1 and 2 No instances.

pl. 3

I Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robtis, roptis : epert ... robtis maithi for mbésa-si, Wb. 16b19 . roptis imdai piana donaib anmanaib, Ml. 15c8 .

(b) robtis, roptis : roptis fola ocus cro | mo der do marb Imblecho, AU i 138.15 . asbert roptis gallraig, Trip.² 2786. roptis ferra, Anecd. ii 53.14 . robtis (roptís, LU) do renga, TBC-I¹ 1182.

Conj. No instance.

II Forms without ro- :

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) be(i)tis, beidis : robad do chland-su betis comarpai ind, Trip.² 1710. beitis lir leamsa cendae fer ..., TBC-I¹ 3543. bad dōig lim beidis hē fir Themra, 3371 .

Conj. -btis, -ptis, -bdís : asbert P. nabtis toirthig, Trip.² 2455. connaptís bí, LU 9519. nibdís aingil diada, PH 1787.

Pret.

s. 1

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) basa : basa iudide ó écosc `I was a Jew in appearance,' Wb. 10d34 .

(b) ba(sa), bam(sa), basam : ba-sa cāem, Corm. Y 883.53 . ba-sa cu-sa tairdbi buiden, Anecd. iii 53.13 and 15 (Sia- burcharpat) = basa chausa ..., LU 9328. ba-sa cathach, Tec. Corm. § 8.8 . basa chúsa, LU 9326 , 9328 . bása chomrar, 9335 . bassa collid giallasa, 9318 . bam-sa cu-sa, Anecd. iii 53.10 . fam rí (bainrith, v.l.) ar énlaith Érenn, i 36 § 87 . ba-sa maoth fri maithi, ba-sam imnedach frimm tair, iii 53.20 . basam (bam-sa, bam-siu, v.ll.) dalta tair[i]si, ii 71.7 .

Conj.

(a) -psa : nipsa iudide ó béssaib, Wb. 10d35 . 17c2 . hore am apstal ... cainipsa sóir ce dognén cach ngním, 10c16 .

(b) -psa, -bsa, -ba, ? -bam, -msa, -sam : nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 = nipsa cu-sa ..., Anecd. iii 53.10 . nipsa cell cin chlocc, ii 60.4 . nipsa (nirsam, nipsam, v.ll.) condirclech, Ériu ix 45 § 2. ciapsa reithenech, ib. (geinsam, ciamsam, robsam, rosam, gersam, gerbam, gerbhum, v.ll.) ciapsa duine ciapsa bled, LU 3003 = ciarsam ... ciarsam ..., Fél. 52.37 . domgní mūichnech ingnais Ērenn | diamsa cuimsech for which I (myself) was accountable (?), ZCP vii 309.24 . i mbsa dechenborach ... i mbsa fichtech, Tec. Corm. § 8.6 - 7 . imsa nāidi robsa nā[i]r, Ériu ii 16 § 5. nimsa cu-sa imlo[m]tha fuidhel, Anecd. iii 53.13 and 15 = nipsa cháusa ..., LU 9327. ? cach crích ar bam cend `where I was head,' PRIA III (3rd ser.) 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). pecdach mé ósam macám, IGT Decl. ex. 376.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) rupsa, ropsa, robsa, rob : rupsa frithortae-se, Wb. 33a12 . doménarsa ropsa beo, 3c27 . Ml. 49b12 . durumenar romsa dia ┐ rom bith-béu, 49b13 .

(b) ropsa, robsa, ropsam, robsam, robsum, robam, ropom : an airet ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434. ropsa altra dia aithair, Anecd. ii 71.4 . imsa nāidi robsa nā[i]r, Ériu ii 16 § 5. robsa ceile si do Ch., ZCP viii 545.7 . ropsam aithrech isin ngním-sin, PH 701. robsam fíadnaisech fodeirc, Ériu iv 153.4 . robsum flaith, BS 126.6 . Metr. Dinds. iii 310.85 . robam céle comadas, LU 3972. ropom tuire tend, PRIA III (3rd ser.) 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). robam rí ar ó ngelChuind, IGT Decl. ex. 537.

Conj.

(a) -rbsa, -robsa, -rupsa, -rubsa : nirbsa dagduine i tossuch, Wb. 18c14 . anarbsa fuillectae-se, Ml. 127c17 . corupsa lán diib, 104d3 . annarobsa bithe, 45d6 . arromsa cumscaigthe, 46b9 . arrumsa immainse-se, 62c9 .

(b) -rsam (-rbsam) (the sense is very frequently pres. indic. a survival of the original perfect sense), -rbam : is mise Fintan fili, | nirsam écne óen-lindi, Metr. Dinds. i 4.42 . níorsum duine do éra, ML² 1959. nirsum drochlaech, ZCP viii 548.18 . níor sum (níor soim, níor shámh, ní rabhus, v.ll.) taithleach na n-each riamh, Ériu i 100.23 . gērsam snímhach Fiadat find, Ériu ii 95 § 4. gearsom glic nīr chrainn um ní, KMMisc. 350 § 7. corbam tualaingse, Anecd. i 10.17 . ciarbam treórach, nírbam timm, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.131 . Aisl. Tond. 96.4 . gerbham sáeirfher séimh, BS 28.10 . Brethnaigh níor bham caroid-si, Duan. F. i 87.y . or bham nóidiu since I was, LL 282a12 .

s. 2

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ba, bat, basat : cia bátar do gníma intan basat (v.l.) gilla, Tec. Corm. § 8.2 . bat dín ar gád 's ar guba | bat fál is bat fidruba, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.9 - 10 (bad, ba, v.ll.). a chlaidib Cherbaill ... bát menic ac cur chatha, RC xx 9 §1 ( LL 47a50 ).

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -bi: cot-ráncamar ó bim (órbat v.l.), BDD² 1173 (Ed's. note : `read ó bi mac (D), where bi seems pret. s. 2').

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robsa, rubsa : huare romsa ugaire doib `because Thou wast a shepherd unto them,' Ml. 96d1 . arrumsa dite-siu, 103a4 .

(b) ropsa, rupsa, ropsat, robsat, ropat, robat, ropot: an tan rupsa Etain Echraidhe ... ba misi do cetmui[n]ter, Ériu xii 170.6 (Tochm. Ét.) (= ropsa, LU 10771 ). intan ropsa (ropsat, basat, v.ll.) gilla, Tec. Corm. § 8.2 . ropsat slan o chianaib dia fesmais `thou shouldst have been healed,' Ériu xii 166.12 (Tochm. Ét.) (= ropdat slán, LU 10746 (sec. fut.)). uair ropsat cara, PH 3099. LL 343d53 . intan robsat Cernach-sa, ZCP i 104.36 . ropsat fraechda, RC xx 12 § 16. ropot álaind ó chíanaib, IT iii 514 § 6. is derb ropat degairle, 482.280 . robat cara do cech cléir, 482.277 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -rbsat, -rsat, -rsa, -rbat : ro-t-rathaig narbsat fírgaeth that you were not, SR 1318. nirbsat meirb, RC xx 12 § 16. nirsat neóit, TBC-LL¹ 43. lēir dam ... | nārsat cara do Chellach, CCellaig 447 (where the sense is pres. indic.). gérsa maeth-macámh ... i tús lai o chianaib thu, ZCP viii 529.12 . cot-ráncamar órbat (v.l., see n.) mac, BDD² 1173.

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) ba, bu (once in Tur.) (gemination occurs after ba, see below) : ba frithorgon dó frithorgon cháich, Thes. ii 246.18 (Camb.). ba calar do galar caich, ib. 16 (do.). ba uissiu són quam inflatio , Wb. 9b1 (modal). 29d8 . ba hed ón ba chóir, Wb. 10b9 . aní ba choitchen, 50a3 . a mba cloithe `when he was overcome,' Ml. 32b2 . a mba ndiuscartae, 19c15 . ar ba P. dubert baithis du Chrimthunn, Thes. ii 242.9 (Ardm.). ba em carat `it were, indeed, the part of a friend,' Thes. i 3.4 . ar ba mmadach, Ml. 135a9 . ba mmo, 86d6 . (cf. ba mmebul lee, TBFr. 136 ). air bu ainm leusom maledictus do c[ec]h óin ..., Tur. 136.

(b) ba, bu, bo, be (once), pa, fa, fá, fo, bad, bud : ba slán iarom, Trip.² 1517. bá cubaid, 1516 (modal). ba lith mor la Colum cille, Mon. Tall. 156.7 . ba di Bretnaib di, Trip.² 707. rofitir in ben ba o Lomnae rofes, Corm. Y 1018.26 . Fél. Nov. 5. ba ferr a comaitecht ... oldaas a tuitim, IT i 75.6 (modal). ba mese ba sacart oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, ScM. § 12.9 . nip sī sin adaig ba sāmam (rectius sh-) dōib, TBC-I¹ 211. BDD² 423. co torchratar bond fri bond ... ba sí tiget ind áirbaig such was the denseness of, TBC-I¹ 1996. cach nech ba siniu ┐ ba so, PH 104. in ti ba (?=ba a) tir `the person whose land it was,' Laws iv 4.29 Comm. With inf. pron. s. 3 : ba-id-n-imomain-side he was greatly afraid, TBC-I¹ 786. With suffixed -ch (= Lat. -que) (see Thurn., ZCP xiii 299f .) : do-luid tar feart a cedteallaig bach for fine forcomal `und es war eine gewaltsame Besitzergreifung gegen die Sippe,' Laws iv 16.22 (tr. Thurn., loc. cit.). bach ri Temrach, 178.13 . 16.22 . nī ticc dīa ēissi bu duilgi āer, MacCongl. 9.5 . ar bo fortachtaid dó día mboí i moxaini, Trip.² 254. bo ferr, BDD² 1320. a mbo ṡeiscc dind ḟolud, TBC-I¹ 1127. is aice bo doigh a mbith, no is e bo doich da fagbail, Laws iv 36.8 Comm. be sé sin trian macraidi Ulad, LU 5907. ol pa immaircede leis Loch nEchach, Trip.² 1956. pa menci, K. and H. § 1. pa hamru delp Fothith, ZCP xx 401.3 . The earlier instances of fa are mostly rel., but later it becomes freq. in non-rel. use. fá is the regular form in TSh. : is mé fa hairdbrethim binn, Anecd. i 28 § 30. 36 § 91 . curob é fa ri Connacht, v 21.25 . im orgain fa togaidhi do Ingcél i nHérinn, BDD² 423. as í fa banchele dó .i. Eithne ... fa díl ... leis hí, Ériu iii 150 § 1. beathadhach fá cosmhail ré mathghamhain, TSh. 1025. 3264 . (Cf. fa gairit limm beth ar Bóinn, Anecd. i 26.15 . Ériu iv 116 § 24. fa hadhbail re innisin an toran[n], Feis Tighe Chonáin 1841. IGT Decl. ex. 861. fá héigean, TSh. 2489. 5559 . 3715 ). ised sin fo lucht dō, Ériu ii 20 § 1. ri fo ferr sith, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2. issed bad doig la C., Mon. Tall. 161.22 . ? bat (? bad) ead indas ind troiscti sin, 155.35 . bád chumma rom altsat Ulaid uli, LU 10305. do bríogh gurab é Eóin budh teó grádh, TSh. 10328. do bhríogh gurab é Ádhamh budh ceann fine, 9 .

Conj.

(a) -pu`, -bu`, -po`, -bo`, ? -p` (elision of vowel before initial vowel) : nípu accobor leiss, Wb. 14a22 . nípu séit samil, Thes. i 495.26 (Ardm.). Hy. v 7. nipu nach dernainn-se áem, Wb. 8a5 . Thes. i 495.4 (Ardm.). cepu ed adroilliset, Wb. 4c35 . ar nibu thacair, 33b13 . nibu techtae (`rectius: thechtae, but cf. 34c17 , 53d6 ,' Ed.), 100b22 . níbu machdath, Sg. 65a1 . conepertis ón nadmbu choir, Ml. 136b4 . in loc diambu thabarthi ermitiu feid, 22a4 . nipo chóim, Wb. 4b12 . nípo úaib act ba o apsatalib, 13a20 . napo chenéel, 5a14 . nibo cen fochidi, 24c19 . ? nip (`leg. nipu ? or is it subjunctive ?,' Ed.) ar irlami far cúrsagtha, 26b23 . 5b3 .

(b) -pu`, -bu`, -po`, -bo`, -p`, -b`, -ba`, -fa`, -bad (as lenition was somet. marked we may assume it was regular) : rofitir P. nípu chian, Trip.² 2866. LU 4974. Fél. Sept. 27. nīpu samlaid, TBC-I¹ 1280. napu díb lamaib, LL 123b2 . asrubart M. nibu moo, Mon. Tall. 133.10 . ni bu cād, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 17. ni bu chul serci, IT i 77.2 . nī bu ṡanct-Brigit ṡúanach, Hy. v 21 ō bu becān, Ériu viii 164.7 . cíid iarom P. combu [ḟ]liuch a agad, Trip.² 1305. nabu cert, SR 3673. nīpo rom, TBC-I¹ 1728. dalēici sōn C., cobo (LU combo) thairis docher, 1737 . ni bo chomailt, AU i 110.8 . Fél. Prol. 114. BDD² 549. abaind letain nádbo domain, LU 1747 (ICM). combo chomsolus lá ┐ adaig, 8056 . iarfaigis dó cia diambo cheli, 8535 (FB). nī fo cīan, TBC-I¹ 485. nipsī sin adaig ba sāmam dōib, TBC-I¹ 211. nip seoit fo-fhiallach, Anecd. ii 57.z . ba fae leo nip n-ēn comadus ina n-ēill, Corm. Y 1059.18 . nīb sī t'opar comadhas, TBC-I¹ 785. nib sam, Anecd. i 13.14 . roluited ind scīn co nāb ālaind īarnamarach, Corm. Y 883.32 . níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5. comba samalta ┐ snāth ōir, TBC-I¹ 2027. comba comsolus lá ┐ adaig, LU 10125. co mba fliuch, BDD² 885. FDG 615. comba taí tastadach for Ultaib, MU² 119. PH 1082 (there is no instance here of lenition marked after comba). taitned fria in grían co bba forderg, BDD² 12. diamba Cholum coemdalta, LU 752. ni fa si do conair, YBL 174b14 . co nebairt co mbad mac don rig he, FDG 724.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) rupu`, rubu`, ropu`, robu`, ropo`, robo` : rupu sí a rroilic, Wb. 33a22 . aní rupu thascide, Thes. ii 225.17 (Pcr.). rubu fer-som muintere, Wb. 33a5 . Essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu, Ml. 63b5 . ropu thol les a dénom, Ml. 71b2 . hore rombu thoissech, Wb. 33a20 . ar robbu digaim, Sg. 17a5 . robu foirbthe, Tur. 33. ropo thróg laiss, Wb. 21b5 . ropo thol, 14b3 . ropo chobair dond Érinn | tíchtu Patraicc, Hy. ii 15. amal rombo chuimse, Wb. 22a2 .

(b) ropu`, robu`, ropo`, robo`, rupa`, ropa`, roba`, rop`, rob`, rap`, ro bud ; do replacing ro : do bo`, do ba`, do bu`, dob`, do bud ; dorob (where the final vowel has dropped out the copula is nearly always folld. by a vowel or ḟ) : rob e a n-immed conna ... `such was their multitude that' ..., Thes. ii 298.9 ( Hy. i Introd. ). sádid echlaisc and ropu dos iarom, Trip.² 1851. TBFr. 11. ind ingen robu ṡiniu, Trip.² 1116. ropo cridiscél, Mon. Tall. 136.23 . ropo thír cāich, Hail Brigit § 2. ropo suthain, LU 1077. PH 1673. robo maith, Corm. Y 31. nirbo chucumsa ... robo chóir dál, LU 8750. ar rup[a] la Coirpre Crích Conaill, Trip.² 1724. ropa anaichnid, PH 5287. Mon. Tall. 136.20 . (asbert) ... romba si sainserc samdine hé, Mon. Tall. 150.14 . an romba (arrombúi, v.l.) dech do thimthagail, Corm. Y 1059.12 . is ar a deirc ... ro-ba buidech Dia do Abél, PH 5882. rop nem thened tír Hua Néill, BDD² 240 (= ropo, LU 6743 ). rop é fochond ná dilend, LU 129. rofidir ... rop si Etain, Ériu xii 154.2 . rob aille leo, Corm. Y 503. ScM. § 240. PH 1590. túaith rob ferr icht, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.88 . PH 68. uar rombi (ro-m-bī) ind fit cetne, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . rap aithrech, Ériu vii 229 § 75. dobo mana crimb chnáma, Anecd. i 31 § 50. dobo cléguin, Ériu iv 112 § 2. doba díchur flaithesa dō, ML² 1422. doba ferr linn, KMMisc. 320.4 . doba dhainmidh dhó a ndermad, IGT Decl. ex. 1180. dob áil, PH 7584. dob fhíor, Feis Tighe Chonáin 72. fa chloinn Uisnigh dob ḟearr clú, KMMisc. 356 § 4. dob fhearr liom go n-eagnuighidís (utinam saperent), TSh. 6857. 4957 (both modal). do búdh tusa cnoc na cclíar, KMMisc. 346 I § 2 . do budh [de] chloind Cuillinn ..., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1161. adharc ... dobudh faide ionā an adharc oile, TSh. 22. dorob ingnad in cuairt crecht, Ériu v 246.228 .

Conj.

(a) -r(o)bu`, -r(u)bu`, -rbo` (the exx. in which the vowel of ro is not syncopated are all from Ml.) : nírbu faás foruigéni, Wb. 13b7 . nírbu chuman leu, Ml. 124b5 . hóre nárbu bae, Wb. 5b12 . Ml. 60a12 . donarobu gnath techt for culu, 129d3 . corbu écen, Wb. 32c17 . Ml. 31b16 . corrobu bec, 131b12 . conrubu chrín, 99a2 . indí ... lasinrubu chumtabart, 102d4 . 131d11. nírbo sar leu ar cocéilsine, Wb. 19a1 . nirbo chuit eperte, 24c5 .

(b) -rbu`, -rpu`, -rpo`, -rbo`, rba`, -rob`, -rb`, -ra, -r`, -rsa(t), -rso : nírpu sía léu oldaas oenuair, Trip.² 2054. nirbu chían, LU 1756 (ICM). corbu réill, Trip.² 2136. ciarbu tholgdae, Fél. 125. fer fial ... diarmbu (sic) lan Temair, AU i 394. 13 (A.D. 878) . nírpo o chridiu, Trip.² 1562. nír bo thoirneach ..., BDD² 191. LU 915. corbo chonair letartha, TBC-I¹ 1887. gérbo tri haicmedha íatt, Anecd. v 20.25 . nírba maith, LU 315. nirba choir, Anecd. i 20.14 . PH 3078. adeirdis corba mac, Corm. Y 896.8 . gurbha (gur fa, v.l.) héigean dó, TSh. 2484. órba cindti forba a bethad dó, BColm. 96.4 . nī rob urāil, Bruchst. 37 § 87. nirb oróil, MacCongl. 111.7 . nírbh é, IGT Decl. ex. 1274. níorbh fheasach, TSh. 2973. nocorb áil, Trip.² 397. aided narb inmain, ScM. § 24d . ainm ... ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh, TSh. 2088. níra míad leo dul assin chrích co mbetís aidchi longphuirt inti, MU² 843. nīr mīad ... leis ind ūaburdelb ... tārfas dōib, TBC-I¹ 2020. nīr cōir, ACL iii 221.24 (modal). nir thim a ḟer, Ériu v 244.211 . Feis Tighe Chonáin 1203. níor ghrása na bronntanas na grása ... dá mbeith ..., Donlevy 214.y (modal). níor chían, TSh. 2479. cinnas nachar chomtig, LU 10316 (modal). créad is iontuigthe as sin, acht gur dhearbh leó ..., TSh. 653. cíar adbol a ndrong, LU 9395. ger mhór in ail, Anecd. i 29 § 36. teagh ar ar lia fear faire, PBocht 12 § 26. drong ... rér mhaith deighmheas do bheith ag an bpobal orra, TSh. 8926 (? modal). ón tráth fár dhearbh leis é féin d'éag, TSh. 2800. draig ... ór doilghe dul, Ériu ix 6.51 (modal). ónar thana lucht loingsi `by whom sea-roving crews are thinned,' Duan. F. i 81.9 . The ending -rsa, -rsad may have arisen on the analogy of the 1st and 2nd sg. -rsam, -rsat (qq.v. above) : derb leo nírsa meath don mac, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44 § 2. nirsa monar maca[i]n maith | dingbail in laich, 44 § 1. ailtir in mac ... gursa hoglach mor, 43.13 . carsa dúal don aithech-mhadudh ... tocht ... d'imrisin risin árchoin ?, ZCP viii 553.29 . ciarso thucait ro-dos-foglúais, LL 133b16 . TBC-LL¹ 1935. ciarsa dam `though it were a bull,' CRR § 5. brugaid ... darsat (? leg. darsa) comainm C., ZCP vii 307.17 , but cf. oglach darsad comainm E., viii 549.10 . Cf. pl. : carsad comhadha sin ?, 544.22 .

pl. 1

I No forms without ro- occur.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robummar : robumar cuindrichthi gl. erecti sumus, Ml. 43d6 . huare robummar bibdid-ni dait-siu, 62b5 .

(b) ropsar, ropar, robdar, robatar: ropsar marba meni beth Find, RC vii 302.183 . ropar cocle cridi. ropar caemthe caille. ropar fir chomdeirgide, LL 10510 (MS ropdar with d expunged) = TBC-LL² 3071-73 ; robdar TBC(C) 2127-29 , RC xi 29 § 54 ; robatar, TBC St. 2903 ; robadar, RC xi 29 § 54 .

Conj.

(a) -rbommar : nírbommar utmuill ... nírbommar tromdi gl. non inquieti fuimus, Wb. 26b14 .

(b) -rsar : cid sinni nirsar malla, RC vii 294.81 .

pl. 2 No instances.

pl. 3

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) batir, batar : iarsindí batir inricci du báas huili, Wb. 5c14 . batir athissi ... dait-siu, Ml. 90d17 . air batar carait, 31a3 . 23c16 . Hy. ii 6.

(b) batir, batar, bat : batir banbrugaid sōn ┐ batar maithi, Corm. Y 1018.14 . batir faelti, LU 10585. batir hé iarom bátár im Ch., 8161 . BDD² 398. bátir (batar, batir, v.ll.) Érenn ardae, Fél. June 25 . LU 1699 (ICM). bátir īalla bātar inde, MacCongl. 89.26 . forsin fer batair bech whose bees they were, Laws iv 178.15 . batar sinde rīadatar it was we, Corm. Y 698.37 . SR 4072. BDD² 19. batar imtholtanaig, LU 3244. bátár hé sin a imtechtai, 11030 . bāttar dóini carsam-ne, Otia i 122 § 3. § 4 . bat comluatha dana fri conaib, IT i 72.11 . bat failid uili de sin, RC xliii 24 § 22.

Conj.

(a) -btar, -ptar : nitat pecthi ... indechtso cebtar hé riam, Wb. 4a8 . ciaptar mora a pecthai-som, Ml. 98c5 . a namtar tuidchissi, Sg. 6a13 . amtar mbati `when they were drowned,' Ml. 84d5 .

(b) -btar, -ptar, -btor, -tar, -but : céptar bailci bressa, Fél. Prol. 74. ciabtar glain, SR 2421. cíaptar áilli, Fél. Prol. 133. níptar ecnaig, ib. Nov. 9. níbtar dermaill, Corm. Y 398 . nibdar dimdaig, SR 3550. BCC 66.8 . imtar láin ..., | imtar ilerda, SR (Greene) 4659 . amdar suidigthi ... forsin teinith, Trip.² 131. comtar mairb, SR 5111. LU 8373. PH 5479. comdar slána, Trip.² 157. immuscomarcair cibtar hē asked who they were, Corm. Y 1059.58 . gu mbut ōga a n-ocobair till their desires were fulfilled, ACL iii 3.12 .

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robtar, roptar, robatar (Ml. only), robdar : nitat huili robtar tuicsi, Wb. 11a21 . hore romtar óis teglig, 7b13 . robtar beca, Ml. 90c25 . déde hí roptar bibdaid som, 124c2 . inna hí ruptar ardda, Thes. ii 11.42 (Bcr.). is follus romatar bibdaid som, Ml. 125b9 . 78b12 . rocretset ... romdar tosge maith doib nanní ..., 96b5 .

(b) robtar, roptar, raptar, robdar, robdur, ? ropat : ar robtar cosmaili, Trip.² 1297. Corm. Y 690.4 . robtar auctair in dana sin, Trip.² 328. LU 9602. SR 3449. robdar druid co mōreōlus, TBC-I¹ 835. Anecd. i 46.12 . ar ropdar mebhra laiss iat, ii 43.3 . arinni robdur ceithri uidhi, Laws i 262.4 . ropat móra do berta (? or leg. ropsat), IT iii 484.281 . ropsat comchuibde ar ceta, Ériu i 72 § 4. RC vii 294.82 . MR 214.16 . FDG 557. rapsat irlama, MU² 149. TBC-LL¹ 3243. Ériu i 72 § 4. robsat athlumha, BS 18.26 . robsad buana, ML² 2084. ZCP viii 539.17 . ? To this : na sluaig remi rosatr[i]uin (? leg. ropsat triuin), SR 3983.

Conj.

(a) -rubtar, -ruptar, -roptar : isuaignid ni rubtar gáitha for comairli, Wb. 18c6 . conruptar fadirci ind usci, Ml. 40d16 (MS. ɔ possibly for co L in which case ruptar could be abs., Ériu lvi 40 n. 56 ). ceruptar enartu, 49a17 . arrumtar doirthi, 34d10 . déde hí roptar bibdaid som, 124c2 .

(b) -rbtar, -rptar, -rtar, -rbat, -rpsat, -rsat, -psat, -bsat, -psatar : nírbtar humail fris, Trip.² 1976. Corm. Y 179. nírptar fáilti, BDD² 337. nirdar subaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242. ciarbat ile, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 548 § 23 ( LL 147a ). garbat discailtig, TBC-LL¹ 544. gurbat daitinigh, RC xliii 75 § 75. Leb. Gab.(i) 118.1 . corbhat foithe, RC xliii 84 § 85. nirbat sathig (nirbot, nirbad, nirbo, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 78.24 . nirpsat [m'] airm[-si] can ulaig, Ériu i 72 § 2. nirsat tualaing a dhinghmhail, v 158.210 . nirsat methol a n-athól they were not a band in the second drinking ?, BCC 290.28 . a mbrughaidh nírsat bronuigh, Ériu iv 116 § 24. gursad luatha, RC xiv 28.12 . cersat mor, PH 250. da ghadaige ... darsat comanmann Dismus ┐ Iesmus, 2852 . cārsat comadha sin, ML² 1387. carsad, ZCP viii 544.22 . ciapsat guir fri crabud nglé, SR 8007. nibsad adbul a ḟir bain, Anecd. i 13.15 . batar gnima erred lat-sa, nipsatar gnima con, Anecd. iii 53.8 . In : gomsad daerbhesacha macneda Uladh. ZCP viii 546.7 . the form is pres. pl. 3 but the sense calls for sec. fut. pl. 3. Cf. 545.21 .

On buith as vn. of copula see GOI § 817. Cf. mo bith lomnocht, SR 1336. maso ḟír ... | for mbith iarmui do Abram, 3498 .

1 rec(c)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rec(c) or dil.ie/34883

 

Forms: arec(c)

in adverbial phrase i rrec, later arec(c). The orig. meaning seems to be absolutely, outright , emphasizing an assertion or word. a llán-indarpe hirecc, gl. abiciuntur, Sg. 10b1 (`directly', Thes.; altogether ?). delb tri tuisel foraib nó it tri tuisil hirec (gl. gerundia cum videantur habere casus obliquos) `three cases simply' ; actually (?), 148b8 . sloind gnimo hirec dogni indidit (i.e. the indicative asserts the action absolutely, without qualification?), 153a3 , cf. PCr. 63b2 (hirrec). noco ría nech dib aréc | donaib dib trebaib déc | co crich Cannan absolutely no one . . . will reach the border of C. (?), SR 4729 (leg. a rec . . . deëc). menadach eter da usci, sech ni teit sis a rrec co dommain lestir it does not sink right down to the bottom of the vessel , Mon. Tall. 74 = a reg, Anecd. i 75.19 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind ┐ gonta no benta no marbthae a rrec it wounds it or strikes it or kills it outright. Corm. Y 1229 = irrec, Corm. p. 44 s.v. taurthait ( LL 179a42 ).

In follg. exx. possibly at once, directly, forthwith; cf. rec .i. donithear go hobann, O'Cl. (perh. a reminiscence of Corm. quoted above). dindgnai Lagen . . . na dindgnai, na rátha a rrec `the notable places, and next the raths', Metr. Dinds. iii 66.3 . a ndíth ba ro-moch a rrec `their loss was early and sudden' (? altogether premature ), 140.11 . marbsat na [trí] Ruaid a rrec | Conall C[ernach] na cruadglecc, LL 166b45 . cach doerchland, cach merlech | nā marbthar a rrec, 147a47 ( PRIA iii 552 § 40 ). o creidis inniut a recc | medon laithi . . . | hi parthus iar n-oidche uair | is e gilla docuaid lat ( of the penitent thief), ZCP x 47.17 ; perh. just at noon. ? [Fl]and find Fína . . . ar brú [sro]tha Rēin arrecc | fuair a réir mar ro-lán-dét, Ériu viii 70.91 ; ? ro nas ith ┐ blicht . . . ciche bá rogell a regg | sonend ┐ dubdonend (of the sureties promised for the payment of the Boroma), LL 376a4 . ? acht ma scerter for mo thengaid irecc (MSS. arecha) 'unless it is sprinkled directly on my tongue' EIS 52 § 2 .

1 scaíltech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scaíltech or dil.ie/36270

 

adj o, ā (scaílte) scattered, dispersed, separated : ger bó sgailtech tricha cet na nGailian fo feraib Erenn were distributed among the men of Ireland, TBC-LL¹ p. 67 n. 5 (St. = discailtig, LL). ropsat scuchtha scailtecha scénmhara (of troops), MR 254.7 . roba scaoiltech . . . a sluagh co fuineadh greiniu (gl. on fodlaigh), Leb. Gab.(i) 154 n. 3 . scaoilteach iad ann gach aon-aird, Keat. Poems 1180 . rocuadar . . . co scailteach easraiti da trebaib , CCath. 2583 . dream nár sgaoílteach ó bhuídhnibh `who were not stragglers from troops (?)', Duan. F. ii 278 § 109 . fiacla . . . scaoilteacha, neamh-iomlána, Corp. Astron. 74.25 . le neichib sgailteacha dissolvent, 23 P 10³, 61b23 . generous, lavish : do bhí sé caithmheach scaiptheach scaoilteach (of a chief), Hackett xxxix 148 . scailtech ar maeruib mac Grainne the son of G. is generous to stewards, Irish Texts ii 46 § 10 . In moral sense dissolute : gan do cheimniughadh do bheith . . . utmall na scailteach = quod incessus non sit . . . dissolutus, ITS xxix 138.31 . gidh cruaidh leis an duine sgailteach . . . a cheartughadh = homini dissoluto, 183.13 . sgaoilteach na beatha of dissolute life, Mac Aingil 112.12 . Metr. = scaílte: rannaigecht scailtech, IT iii 26.y .

? slithemnaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? slithemnaib or dil.ie/37972

 

ind (sleith?): slitheamnaib trebh .i. na slighte bit isna trebaib .i. na sithcairei, O'Curry 1967 ( H 4.22, p. 13 ).

1 so

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 so or dil.ie/38191
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: so, sa, se, seo, sea, so, sa, -siu, su, si, siu, se, so, se, se, síu, arse, airsiu, cose, cosse, cuse, síu, se, síu

demonstr. pron. this. Prob. adverbial in origin, see 1 sin, síu, and GOI § 475 .

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses usually so, sa after non-palatal final, and se, seo, sea after a palatal, but so, sa occasionally also after a palatal consonant and after -e and -i, and se always in Blath., without any correlation with the quality of the preceding sound ( ITS Sub. xxvii § 7.2 ): ind epistilse, Wb. 27d13 . ind epistil so, 3b20 . an uile se, 16c8 . an uile so, 15d13 . in chomairle se, Ml. 88b15 . dund lobrai se, 61b3 . in cethardai seo, 36c23 . dunaib trebaib so, 101c6 . a nnoib sa, 69a21 . in n-insci se, Sg. 210a1 . isnaib dobriathraib so, 201b14 . isin bith frecnairc sea, LU 1996 . With prec. (h)í always -siu, see I (b). Later also su after non-palatals: in liachta su, PH 3534 ; si, siu after palatals: ind lipuir si, Hib. Min. 2 . don ingen (leg. -in?) siu, IT i 120.12 . When se follows a word ending in -e a glide-vowel -i- is sometimes inserted (freq. in bardic verse): is éiseo, TBC-LL¹ 1776 . na guidhei-se, DDána 67.51 . an líog . . . cloichei-se, 20.42 . a dhaoinei-se, Dán Dé vi 23 . an tighei-se, ix 26 . On the delenition of a prec. final before the initial s of so, see GOI § 139 , IGT Introd. § 30 - § 39 . With long vowel in stressed position só (see Ériu liii 137-38 ): só: bó, Leb. Cert. 2178 . sō: dō, BColm. 12.30 . só sis, LU 82 (A) , 1938 (M) . insó sis, 113 (A) . insó, 2783 (M) . ann só, CIH iii 1079.42 . só: dó, Aithd. D. 30 § 21 . clé: co se: gne, LU 4576 (TBC) . co sē: ré, LL v 36166 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 306.12 ). sē: nglé, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.77 . cosē: dē, BNnÉ i 97.17 . ro lá insé, LU 4746 (TBC) . go sé: dé, Magauran 10 § 23 .

Usage I Adjectival (usually enclitic, but in bardic metres freq. as stressed word, see (d), (e), and (f) below).

(a) with article and noun this expressing present place and time: in fect so now, Wb. 13d7 . a ndede so, 12d1 . a nuile se, Ml. 55d21 . dund lobrai se, 61b3 . ind óin ainmnedo so `of this one nominative', Sg. 209b11 . in n-insci se, 210a1 . don grád so Críth G. 272 . forsin cathraigse, Lib. Hymn. i 30.4 . on trath sa, LU 8334 ( FB 24 ). in genid seo, MU² 908 . in corthi cloichi sea immuich, 646 . lasin crosfigillso, Mon. Tall. 28 (137.27) . an teachso, TD 6.6 . Exx. without article: cen hí se, Blathm. 361 . il-leth-sea, Lism. L. 1962 . re tāeb saltrach so, BColm. 12.30 . cia sloigh so, ITS vi 1318 . See also digammsa. In continuous speech so generally refers to what follows: á trede so .i. bona et placens et perfecta, Wb. 5c22 . arna tri remeperthise .i. ueritas rl., Ml. 65a11 . rabertsi na briathra sa: crennait brain | braigte fer . . ., TBC-LL¹ 5730 . ba-cachain in laid seo `A Chruim Darail, cid at-chíu . . ., MU² 413 . Freq. with follg. sís: in salm so sís, Ml. 52 . ar in trediu sa sís, 60a7 . in dí cheil se sis, Sg. 209b28 . inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 (SC). Referring to what precedes: cid dinig di inchaib neich inna .vii. sa?, Críth G. 308 . in fers áirithisea (already mentioned), PH 6501 . When the subst. is qualified by an adj. so follows the adj.: do thol in maith mórsa, Fél. Prol. 267 . atbéra . . . in n-athesc n-acarb n-adúathmar sa, LU 2342 . ind inbaid garb gemretta so, MU² 341 . feil Assáin baín bindsea, Gorm. Apr. 27 . a chraobh fhionn-sa dot aimhdheoin, DDána 80.31 . uile, however, follows so: inna druingsea uili, Fél. Ep. 285 . atá uisci in mara so uile bren, Maund. 93 . When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen. so precedes this: int aithesc[s]a Apaill, Aen. 94 . do'n beind aird-se in tempuil, PH 4830 . san chríchse chlann Rudhroighe, TD 7.30 . Note however: a chlann Chuirc-se (: dtuigse) 's a chlann Táil, DDána 91.16 . When the dependent genitive is indefinite so follows it: ar gnúis ind ríg nélsa, Fél. Ep. 398 . in méit n-imme sea, IT i 40.30 . issin ló bhaga sa indiu, TBC-LL¹ 5235 . an líog chomhthrom chloichei-se, DDána 20.42 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í: anísiu, Wb. 12d21 . innahísiu, 6c7 . Hence emphatic form (h)ísiu (with stressed (h)í, see GOI § 475 - 6 ): in taidbsiu hi siu, Wb. 13b1 . cach fer dinaib feraib hí siu, 12d40 . ní díltai dano in cetbuid nísiu, Sg. 201b10 .

(c) after the vocative: a c[h]uirp-seo, ZCP vi 265 § 17 . a chliar sa, BNnÉ 288.7 . a fhir-se, DDána 53.5 . a dhream-sa, 29.32 . a chairt-se, Dán Dé iii 12 .

(d) with a noun preceded by a possessive. No exx. from O.Ir. of this usage, but for early exx. of a similar constr. see 1 sin. Later: a shamail seo, PH 7328 . ic a furail so, 7393 . atá an t-áer a chomglan so ós cinn an tsleibi, Maund. 22 . briathra a maca samhla so, TD 2.22 . tar éis a suidhighthe so, DDána 85.45 . mairg dá dtig a seach[h]na so, Dán Dé v 31 . os a cheann so, Desid. 60 . 'n-a dhiaigh so, 1141 . dá éis so, TD 26.17 . 'n-a aithle so, Dán Dé v 25 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (for earlier usage see II (a) below): is amlaid-so . . . do foirned, PH 371 . is amlaid-seo dochuadar amach, TTebe 3024 . gonadh aire so, Desid. 2026 . asta so is follus, TSh. 1697 . ní hiarrthar mórán leabhar chuige so, Desid. 5955 . is slan gach aithne dib so uile, Laws v 190.27 Comm . di ernail . . . dibseo, RC xx 144.z . gurab díobh so ghoireas Pōl . . ., Desid. 4067 . as é as ainm . . . dhi so eile, 6689 . dhóibh so, 5595 . denam-ni fris so, PH 131 . fá ris so, Desid. 2400 . ríu so, 4433 . as uime so nách áil leam, 2011 . tig leis so aní léaghthar, TSh. 672 . as aite leó so comhluadar, Desid. 6348 . nit acca riam remi seo, IT i 120.25 . táinig . . . roimhe so | gorta, TD 15.29 . nachas linub-sa secha so, TBC-LL¹ 2887 . tairis so, Desid. 2061 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si after verbs and pronn.: nua na calla sul chríonai-se, Dán Dé xvi 8 . go bhfuilid so, Desid. 3867 . an bail atad so, TTebe 4856 . atáid so ar na suidheaghadh, TD 39.6 . an uair smuainim iad so, Desid. 5774 . iad so uile do bhreith leam, 2954 .

II Substantival (stressed). In O.Ir. freq. in so , more rarely in se (in = article?, see GOI § 482 ) except with prepp.

(a) with simple prepp. O.Ir. a s n. se. d s n. síu. bid amal so, PH 3373 . ní nád mbed arse di chorp `not that it is not therefore of the body', Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 . airsiu therefore, Wb. 1b12 . do chuir mé mo lámh ar só, Irish Texts iii 80.10 . as so go Sliabh gCrot, DDána 74.19 . cose, Wb. 3c15 . cosse hitherto, 1b4 . 7d9 . cuse, 33d8 . diammad chara dam co se | Cu Chulaind mac Soalte, LU 3320 ( SCC 11 ). do claoiiodh leis an nEagluis gó so, Desid. 4057 . With corrici, etc.: corricci se, Wb. 9a9 . connice so, PH 1181 . go roiche so, Desid. 1199 . co ro so, Stair Erc. 1993 . de ṡíu hence : fri alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217b8 . fri crích deṡiu, 217b12 . centarach .i. frie deṡiu, 71b2 . do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall, BDD² 421 . romsnāidhet de siu | ar demnoibh na ceo, Ériu iv 238.8 . hi síu here: massu bethu Crist . . cretmeni issiu, Wb. 13b21 . intain ṁbís hísiu, 17b3 . Cf. and so do-rala caínchomrád (position of stress doubtful. Cf. mod. use of faí, tairis, etc., as simple prepp.), MU² 136 . la se when see lasé. ó so amach, TD 1.28 . ó sho, DDána 76.3 . oc so, see oc I (c). re síu before see resíu.

(b) with cenmothá: cenmitha se, Wb. 8a2 .

(c) with acht: acht so amháin, TD 20.6 .

(d) with the equative: is lerithir inso nonguidimse, Wb. 27d19 .

(e) acc. with verbs.: labraid in spirut noib . . . inso, Ml. 115a2 . is dun foccull sa adfet inso hule `it is of this word that he declares all this', 125a11 . rogab inso `he sang this', 35b24 . cid aratodlaigther inso `why seekest thou this?', 32a5 . is tussu rogni inse, SR 6147 . asbert Cathbath inso sís, LU 8940 ( FB 71 ). as-bert in so huile, BDD² 168 . ro-chan in fáith in-seo, PH 4838 . cip e duine do-bris so, 7770 . grás na maighdine sir so, DDána 22.21 . In tautology with infixed pron. 3 s. neut.: darigensi (leg. darigénsid or darigénsidsi, Stokes) inso uile `ye have done all this', Wb. 9c29 . atber som inso, Ml. 124b3 . atrópert flaith . . . inso huile, Thes. ii 238.13 (Ardm.).

(f) nom. with pass. verbs: dognither inso, Ml. 32a10 . tuicther so, PH 7697 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ata so de, LL 332c56 . bíaid ocut so, LU 4227 . ata so i n-agaid aithne, PH 7566 .

(h) nom. with active verbs: forsaní as iniquitasodium trachtid so sís, Ml. 55c14 . dogní so gadaige de, PH 7600 . eagail dóibh dá ndeachaidh so | i n-éadóchas ar Íosa, DDána 22.4 .

(i) with (i)ná (comparative): dearbhadh as fearr iná so, Desid. 6285 . díoghrais molta as mhó iná so, DDána 13.2 .

(j) In constructions with the copula:

(i) barbár inso `this is a barbarian', Wb. 12d6 . desimrecht fetarlicci inso `this is an example from the Old Law', 29a13 . a montar som inso `this is his household', 7c5 . briathar dǽ inso, Ml. 30c16 . trop les inso, 18b1 . óen desimrecht so, Sg. 49a12 . coitchena so etir di arim, 72a2 . is fo chetbuid ala n-aile beos inso, 201b15 . amra so rig `this is the praise of a king', RC xx 136.16 (ACC, Bodl.). id inso ced sloindes dun, LU 4744 (TBC). Freq. with follg. sís: cosc inna mmoge inso sis, Wb. 29b1 . beím foris inso sís uile `all this below is a recapitulation', 25c18 . foxlidi tres diil inso sís, Sg. 104b1 . do tathmet na rig . . . batar 'sin mórdail inso sis, RC xx 136.17 (ACC, Bodl.). cesad Stephain in sin anuas do fáillsiugud a chuirp so sis `this following refers to the discovery of his body', PH 1482 .

(ii) is hæ inso in fognam, Wb. 27c18 . is sí inso fedb as uisse do goiri in æclis, 28d24 . is ed inso far nindas, 33c14 . ithé inso boill ind sendúini, 27b8 . is he inso in nertad, Ml. 53a18 . issi inso ind insce, 80c3 . issi so a chiall, 65a3 . ised inso a n-aill, 14c3 . ised inse an ecnæ, 128d9 it hé inse ind remerersidi, 115c1 . issí inso sís a chiall, 50c1 . issed inso a frecre `this is the answer to it', Sg. 200a10 . issed inso nád chumaing aranísar and, 209b13 . issed se an dliged, 206a2 . it hé se inna bríathra `these are the words', 4b12 . it é inso trá gníma bóairech, Críth G. 183 . is é so a desmerecht sede, RC xx 150.22 (ACC, Bodl.). at iat so . . . ríg bátar isin dail sin, LU 3444 ( SCC 22 ). is éiseo óenni moedim-se chena, TBC-LL¹ 1776 .

(iii) is he á thuasulcud inso, Ml. 53c14 . issí ind frescisiu inse, 114a1 . issí ind remaisndis inso, Tur. 24 . is é aithech baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, Críth G. 142 . it é fodlai boáirech inso, 314 . ise bes aen ciniuda inso, Laws ii 234.2 . Note also: isí inso ind rún inso .i. esséirge inna n-uile marb, Wb. 13d16 . it he inse ind focháinn inso, Ml. 86c3 .

(iv) issí inne inso fil and, Ml. 91a18 . issi chiall so fil and, 114c7 . is si figell indso dogen, Mon. Tall. 47 (144.30) . ite secht mbeocaindle and so forosnad gae cach rig, Laws iv 52.9 . ate donadmand innso diceanglad a feicheamna, 60.14 . iss ed laithe inso as síam limm, TBFr. 133 .

(v) with interrogatives: in cumtubart lib inso?, Wb. 3c3 . cía and-so?, Sc.M² 11 . cia so?, MU² 802 . cia fuaim so?, BDD² 500 . inn é so Muinremor? Sc.M2. inni so in Effis?, PH 1059 .

(k) in vn. constructions: ro-dligfithea dítt so do denum, PH 7404 . is coir . . so do fhis, 7986 . is cóir so do thuigsin, Desid. 2320 .

tairise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairise or dil.ie/39718

 

Forms: toraisse, taraisse, tairis(s)e

adj io, iā O. Ir. toraisse, taraisse, the form tairis(s)e being due to the influence of tairissem ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 - 9 ). From *to-ro-finn-, orig. meaning `erkundet' (ib.). Cf. however Thes. i 720 , corr. to p. 137 .

I In O. and Mid. Ir.

(a) fitting, suitable, meet: idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi, Corm. Y 78 . it taraissai gl. idonei sunt, Ml. 42b15 . torisse leis ar fóit for techtairechta `he deems it meet,' Wb. 15a15 . is torise la cách a buith oc ailli a almsine `everyone deems it proper,' 16d2 .

(b) trustworthy, faithful, worthy of confidence: amal nonda thorisse frissin tectairecht dia tuidched `as I am trustworthy at the mission to which I have come,' Wb. 10a28 . is torisse dia gl. fidelis est, 25c28 . is torisse a thimthirecht gl. fidilis minister, 27c30 . a ngell taraisse ... is gell són toraisse dano nondasoirfea dia, Ml. 27a6 . inna toraisse gl. (maxima pars) fidorum, 58b13 . Frequent with prep. la: is tarisse limm inso, Wb. 23a18 . níp tarisse lat `trust him not,' 30d24 . cid terissem namma nírbu toraisse les `he had not the confidence even to stand,' Ml. 34c17 . `in tairisi libsi in ben ?, TBFr. 393 `do ye trust the woman ? Études Celt. ii 12.19 . na ba tairisi leo dīn nā daingen da roibi accu, TTebe 2740 . budh móide bás tairisi lé cach misi dot lecon-sa slán, CCath. 1296 . nir tharise leis-sem Connachtach acht mad uathad becc he trusted but few of the Connachtmen, Ann. Conn. 1225.18 . is t.¤ liomsa a fhios a bheith agad-sa I am content that you should know (?), ITS i 176.24 . With do: ba tarissi dó beith form ḟoesam it was safe for him to be under my protection, LL 51a47 . ni fedar in tairisi dam-sa hē whether I may safely partake of it (of food), ZCP xiii 237.5 . Compar. and superl.: is tarissiu leu precept soscéli in fecht so `more confident are they to preach the gospel now,' Wb. 23b10 . rob iat roba tairisiu lassin rig do thathaigid in bairr, RC x 218.73 . fogeba fait[h] bus tairisi[u] lat innúsa do innisin do tinnriuma duit, CCath. 4283.

(c) In sagas the phrase is t.¤ (lim) is frequent as reply to welcome or offer of hospitality: `Fochen do thīachtain ...' `Is tairisi lind inn fāilti' ... `Is tairisi daidse ōn,' TBC-I¹ 2349 . ferais C. failti fris. Tarissi limm. Tairisi duit-siu ón, TBC-LL¹ 1620 . Tarisi lind ┐ tarisi risin rig, MU 42.25 . `Fochen daid ... Rotbīa fer i nnāth tart chend.' `Is toirise,' TBC-I¹ 1047 . is t.¤ lim chena for fáilte amal is t.¤ do cach mac a bume, Ériu iv 128.18 . But in this idiom perh.=tairisiu, q.v.

II

(a) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. in general sense of faithful, trusty, constant, certain: oes gráda in ríg ┐ a muntear tairisse, PH 384 . ina trebaib timsaigti tairisi, BB 244a34 . co rab tairisi a treb, BColm. 50.27 . doronsat mo réir go ro-thairisi, BNnÉ 267.3 . ni ba tairsi do sum fir Midi, Cog. 154.4 . mairg do uair ... | muirn tigerna tairisi `constant,' Prolegomena 30.x . grádh t.¤ do thaobh cumainn, DDána 32.5 . ná bí níos foide, a shéimh sheang, | gan bheith t.¤ im thimcheall, Dánta Gr. 17.10 . síth daingen deaghthairisi, AFM iii 650.1 . termonn tarise, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . a chairde t.¤ , TSh. 291 . dom anmain ní fhuair meise | lámh thaisgeadha th.¤ I have found no faithful guardian for my soul (?), Dán Dé xxii 21 . Compar. aon ruire ba thairise agus ba fearr clú ag a mhuinntir, Maguires of F. 29.14 .

(b) As subst. adherent, follower, friend: tairisi oglan .i. don fir fine cen fonaidm a taisic, Laws iii 276.4 (text), 6 Comm. drem d'a tairisib ┐ d'a fhirmuinntir ... g'a imcoimet, Celt. Rev. iv 212.20 . gan neach do ghairm chuca da ttairisibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 21.1 .

1 tellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tellach or dil.ie/40466

 

Forms: tenlach, tenlug, telluch, tellugh, tellaige, tellaig, telchai

n o, n. (teine). Earlier tenlach. d s. tenlug, LU 1483 . telluch, MU 6.6 . tellugh, Ériu i 214.z . n p. tellaige. tellaig, Laws iii 400.1 . Trip.² 2571 . telchai, 2546 . IGT Decl. § 55.

(a) hearth, fireplace: tenlach .i. tene-lighe, Corm. Y 1209 (= tenlaeg, Corm. 42 ). `teanlach' teine go fíor, Metr. Gl. 20 § 64 . hic focus tellach, Ir. Gl. 511 . Cf. haec trabecula taebhán tellaigh no comladh, 71 . ro glan ... a téllach, Trip.² 178 . isin tenlach, 179 . itir ... tenlach ┐ céim, Cáin Ad. 41 . secht tellaige, Sc.M² 2.1 . blai tene t.¤ no aithine `fire on the hearth,' Laws iii 264.1 , .i. slan don ti astas in teine a t.¤ in tighe thall, 2 Comm. na seagar im t.¤ mboaireach ach tri haidche bede cora la thuath `nothing is sought of the hearth of the bo-aire ,' v 438.23 . Cf. esgal nó tenlach .i. census quod tollitur gl. tolletum tollitanus (leg. Toletum Toletanus, Edd.) hearthmoney (?), Sg. 36b4 . bid fas a tellaigi, Fen. 158.4 . is é in tipra na telluch thechtaide é na fétaither d'athgúd na d'eligud, ua ríg h-Erend frozen hard as a hearthstone (? i.e. firm and immovable, see técht, 2 téchtaide), MU 6.6 . ar thindib ... taidlecha tellaig, MR 238.8 . Creidni cerd do ghebhedh neimthenchus | triasan criaidh teallaigh `who used to get privilege through the clay of the hearth,' Leb. Gab.(i) 160 n. 2 (cf. Corm. 32 nescóit). i dteallach toile an fhíréin, TSh. 9608.

(b) household, family (cf. teglach): dolotar fir Mumun ... ┐ imroíset a telchai inna n[d]egaid, Trip.² 2546 , `their households fared after them,' Trip. 215 . teallach fēile Ūi Echach, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 1 . tellaigh imda do niter ... re tecmaisin sain claindi re saine nathar, Laws iii 400.1 . a ic do gach teallach is neasa do, iii 68.24 Comm. trí tellaige tra cenéle Binnig Glinni, ZCP viii 297.15 . a dá tháisech tellaig, SG 93.17 . go mbi an cholann 'na chealg-námhaid chinn teallaigh aige, TSh. 7530 . ? To this: t.¤ Temra `the manor (? household) of Tara ,' Ériu iv 124 ff. (see n. p. 165 ). scél tellaig Temra, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.249 . ag cosnum theallaigh Themhrach, ALC i 474.6 .

(c) family, sept (often equated with cenél, treb, 1 túath): iar trebaib iar tellaigib, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.194 . T.¤ nGormgaili ┐ T.¤ Connucan ┐ T.¤ Maeilciarain, Fen. 384.24 . do bhí | gach teallach ard fa uirrí, IGT Decl. ex. 442 . sa timsaighid craebh-fhoghla ... caibniusa tuath ┐ teallach, MR 98.15 . anmanna na tuath ┐ na t.¤ , Stair Erc. 137.

(d) Various: i ngoirmtheallach mac Míleadh country , DDána 90.4 . do dhearg [sé] teallach troighigh `do loisg obair ár slánuighthe Críost mar bheadh teallach,' 40.17 . do bhídís trí teallaighe oile i dTeamhraigh, mar atá Carcair na nGiall ... Réalta na bhFileadh ... Grianán na nInghean ... residences (?), Keat. iii 553 . gach teallach doniter o losgad `a firing by horn or cup (?)' (Gloss.), Irish Texts v 5.19 . cnu do chur a cul in cinn mailli re teallach do denam roimpi ┐ urbruith do dhenam dho do ruib go gnathach, 28 .

terc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. terc or dil.ie/40541

 

Forms: terca, tearc, t., tearc

adj o, ā few, scanty, meagre, sparse: terca gl. exigua, Ml. 48c30 . tearc .i. beag (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 n. 9 .

I Used attributively: scceolanga terca `a few fugitives,' AFM i 332.10 . adguisiu na tri turcu tercu `the three meagre boars,' Thes. ii 293.4 . pater t.¤ da cach oclaigh nāim a short prayer (?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . hua menmain t.¤ `with feeble mind,' Ml. 118a10 . Of food, etc. scanty, meagre: betha thearcc, Fél.² cxl Sept. 8 . ba fri fáilti feisibh tercaibh, ZCP viii 198 § 17 . Of (parts of) the body: an chuid diobh aga mbid cuirp thana thearca thin , 23 K 42, 83.1 . Cf. ata in croiceand tearc cutis rara [est], 87.6 . an tiomghlún tearc the soft slender knee, Dánta Gr. 67.23 . Of words: ralabair P. briathra terca tarbacha `a few profitable words,' TTebe 675 . a bhriathra troma tearca, PBocht 25.33 .

II Used predicatively.

(a) nita terca som, Ml. 92c13 . bá t.¤ cach n-adbar dó, LU 11008 . immat buar, t.¤ ass, SG 80.9 . is t.¤ bur sluaigh, IT iii 388.10 . nidot terctha m'fhúaradhbha, BS 48.4 . bheith tearc mí gan pinginn im purs `hard up,' Ó Bruad. iii 6.14 . beathadhuigh állta ... do dhénas tearc a nuibhir sibh, Levit. xxvi 22 . atā an naomhthacht ... coimhthearc ┐ sin aca ..., Desid. 6453 . With follg. gen. of respect: an teangaidh nach tearc labhra, Studies 1934, 433 § 1 c . mná in táiblidh munba t.¤ lóin, DDána 119.15 . tearc foirne clár na cruinne, Dán Dé xiv 10 . With de: tearc do lacht mé ... | ó thart na sé sealánach, TD 44.1 .

(b) With copula in various constructions. Most commonly with follg. n s.: is t.¤ rí dia rodamain, Metr. Dinds. iii 234.2 . ni t.¤ do Grecaib fer do dingbala-su, TTr. 1284 . tearc ... | ní ... nar adhair é, DDána 17.10 . t.¤ nech do dligh a éra, BNnÉ 279.9 . as tearc duine da tucthar na grasa sin, BCC 240.30 . With n p.: tearc ingheana a n-ionnshamhoil, DDána 55.2 . budh tearc caraid ag cath Éirne, Aithd. D. 28.30 . Cf. ba t.¤ for bith mnai a samail, PH 830 . With follg. rel. clause: gidh tearc duit-se nar umhluigh, DDána 4.8 . tearc do-fhidir few know, Dán Dé iii 26 . as t.¤ aga raibhe fis, BNnÉ 291 § 6 . With partitive de and rel. clause: tearc díobh nach deaghadhbhar, DDána 3.6 . tearc do chách ód fhleidh leagar, 48.20 . tearc dínn nach daorfadh fínné, 58.1 .

As adv.: dorat dam Gridhair ... | abaidh Ēirenn is Alban, | mo beith uaistibh go t.¤ , ZCP xii 394.12 . as (sic leg.) fírthearc cuirid uathadh ar na connsainibh ` rarely ' (O'Cl. on the spelling of O. Ir.), RC iv 355.14 .

Compar. and superl.: ind ti dib dana teirci in cenel indile sin who had fewest of that species of stock, Laws iii 464.6 = intí [dib] ... is terci [in] cenel innili [sin], O'Dav. 484. teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir, DDána 57.1 . an uair ... | is teirce atá dhá iarraidh `when fewest are seeking it,' TD 31.16 . tír ina teirce tonna `where waves are gentlest,' 28.33 . na tolcha as teirce sreabha | na linnte as lia éigneadha whose streams are shallowest (?), DDána 100.4 . ní teirce cách na crecha `no less numerous than the entire population will the preyings be,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 48.19 . nir teirce an tred rea nairemh (after the giving of seven sheep to the poor), BNnÉ 149.33 .

Compds. ¤bóllach: do leas turba an tearcbhóllaigh `who repaired all the loss of the cattle-pen wasted,' Ó Bruad. i 198.6 . ¤cuid: for terccuidib .i. for proind bic, Fél.² Sept. 8 . lear dhainid sinn i dtearcuid bídh, Ó Bruad. iii 226 . ? ¤lí: hi certrī no rainte adíu | nín bo therclī toillte tnu, BB 45a19 . ¤menmae: derchaineth co terc-menmain hi timnaib de `despair along with inattention to the commands of God,' Ériu vii 172.12 . ¤menmnach: co nábtís tercmenmnaig dispirited , TTr.² 1026 . ¤múinte: do thuaithchliaraibh tura tearc-mhúinte ill-mannered , TSh. 2292 . ¤ól: táir-bhiadh ┐ tearc-ól `scarcity of drink,' 2262 . ¤phit: for t. on meagre rations, Fél. Sept. 8 . nícon tercphít, Immrama 66 § 122 (= tercbít, Anecd. i 64 ). ¤threb: iadad for terctrebaib (sic leg.), Laws i 102.25 , .i. is na trebaib ata terca duine, 104.20 Comm.

timsaigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. timsaigthe or dil.ie/40810

 

adj io, iā part. of timsaigid gathered together: ina trebaib ... timsaichti, LB 123b34 .

toísigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toísigecht or dil.ie/41306

 

Forms: thaisigecht

n ā, f. (toísech) leadership, chieftainship: ni uisse toisigecht sochuide do, Wb. 28b28 . ni tosuch gabalae toisigechtae du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . is ho toissigecht adi ón ┐ hua noibi, 85d11 . in tudidin .i. in toissigecht, 137c6 . cein bae hEssu i toissigecht, SR 5202 . Moisi ... i toisigecht in popail, 4452 . im dliged sacairt ... ocus immon toísigecht, 4460 . immá tússigecht isna fledaib, LU 8747 (FB). isin toisigeacht ┐ isin sacerdoti, LB 121b11 . taisigeacht trēnfeithech ZCP viii 209.11 . cech uile fer ro ordaigh Poimp a ríghi ┐ a toisighecht ┐ a cennus cathrach ┐ caislén, CCath. 1248 . ní do comérghi it aghaidh doratadh taisigheacht duind, 2557 . connar-leced tosach na toisigeacht da stocaib croda, TTebe 2800 . taisidecht cacha fine, Laws v 440.10 Comm. feth flatha .i. dobeir flaith ar tuisidecht, 444.13 Comm. fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). nocha tabair taisigecht na slighe don duine dall, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, col. 438 ). ro bai se a taisigeacht lobur Leasa Moir osin amach, Études Celt. ii 274.z . Cathal ... do ghabáil toisigechta, AFM iv 1062.14 . do an toisigecht ag Conchobar iarsin, Ann. Conn. 1411.28 . With following g s.: tuc Macha ... Cimbaeth chucci do chéile di ┐ do thaisigecht a amsaige imme, LL 20b27 . a thaisigecht scuir ag Sogan `superintendence of the horse,' Hy Maine 90.9 . tucad taisidecht marcsluaig Laegaire do, Laws i 4.z .

As vn. act of leading: du thoisigecht claisse doib, Ml. 107b3 . do thoisigecht ┐ choimdinecht donaib trebaib so, 101c7 . dia tudidin ┐ a toissigecht, 96d2 .

treb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. treb or dil.ie/41614

 

Forms: triub, tribe, treibe

n ā, f. A word of native origin, but in meaning (b) perh. infl. by Lat. tribus, cf. triub. Note also crich a tribe (leg. treibe ?), LU 6772.

(a) house, farm, holding: t.¤ oc na bi usce ... co tairidnither seicce `a house which has not water ... until it is led to it,' Laws iv 214.7 . in t.¤ coitcenn `the common residence,' i 130.z Comm. tincur a treibi, v 284.29 .i. trelum a thighe, 288.5 Comm. fuidir lais-a mbiad cuic treaba, 514.17 .i. cuic treba ┐ cet in cach n-ae ... .i. teach mor, ┐ bo-theach, ┐ foil muc, ┐ lias caereach ┐ lias laeg, 514.23 , 35 Comm. ráncatar treib tóidlig, Fél. Prol. 78 . sáor teglach mo trebi `save the household of my dwelling,' Mon. Tall. 131.17 . ? huas treba tor, SR 1703 . oc ríachtain a trebe chuici, BDD² 278 . inmain t.¤ `dear thorpe', Trip. 486.2 . a treba a ndúne ┐ a n-arddindgnu, LU 5107 . hi treib | richid, SR 401 . nocho chiuin guires cach treib, 243 . t.¤ ríg, Metr. Dinds. ii 18.6 . inní do th.¤ thóeb-adbal ?, iii 350.44 . ba caem cumdachta in treab a ndecus and, ba hadba rig ┐ taissech, BB 443b1 . ar ngabāil trebe ┐ tighedais, ZCP xiii 166.8 . comad hī mo threab, Ériu i 39 § 11 . ro facsat ... a treba ┐ a tegdasa, CCath. 900 . treba na Teibi, TTebe 1324 . treabh do bhí ag ríoghaibh róinne, TD 6.2 . treabh as áille dar fhéagh súil, DDána 119.6 . gur airgsiod ... idir chealla ┐ dúna ┐ treabha, Keat. iii 2609 . do gab teimhel treb taidhen `darkness hath fallen upon the dwelling of companies,' BCC 220.11 . do chuadur a tír isin treibh ... sin country (?), Études Celt. i 82.12 .

(b) household, tribe: t.¤ ab eo quod est tribus , Corm. Y 1208 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. of the four households used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . is ed tūargaib a fheba | sūas de sech treba dóine `beyond the households of men,' 314.7 . hi cech threib is ráti `in every household it should be told,' Fél. Apr. 9 . i n-inud trebe Leue, SR 4448 . Áth Clíath co tresse t.¤ `with its strong tribes,' Metr. Dinds. iii 316.31 . donítís Lagin in sin | iar trebaib iar tellaigib `the Leinstermen used to do on this wise by tribes and by households,' 16.194 . do treib Benamín do, PH 1648 . cennus for Themraigh na ttreabh, BNnÉ 289.25 . tachar ré trebaib an talman `fight with the tribes of the earth,' TTebe 4221 . do threib Ghaoidel, O'Gr. Cat. 467.1. meastar iad trá as a dtreabhaibh | 's a-tá siad na sinsearaibh `let them be judged from their tribes since they are the ancestors of those tribes,' Content. x 14 . duine uassal do threibh na hAlban, Fl. Earls 24.12 . sé treabha ar gach leic dhíobh, TSh. 450.

(c) stock: trebh .i. innile, ut est, a fuigill a túaith a mbí cona trebha, Ériu xiii 81 § 280 . ? t.¤ .i. cuimrech, ut est a Morainn ... co trebar, co caemar cimedha .i. cethra, O'Dav. 1535 = O'D. 2201 ( Nero A vii 140a ). Cf. tribe.

Compds. ¤aicme tribe: nach faicfi duine ... a treab-aicme, MR 194.18 . craebh-fhoghla ... treb-aicmed in talman, 98.15 . ? ¤ar ploughland: t. tel-ghlas `green-swelling ploughland', Metr. Dinds. iii 302.66 (cf. trebar). ¤arsaid of old establishment: an chríoch mhín treabharsaidh tais, TD 20.52 . ¤chlann household: Maelsechlainn slemna rop sen | for trebchlaind Temra is Talten, LL 133a45 . i tuathaib i treb-chlannaib, 386b19 . ¤chol family disgrace: ba t. dó for talmain `it was a stain on his house for him on earth,' Metr. Dinds. ii 32.74 . ¤díre compensation for stealing from a house: andsum dire treibdire, Laws iii 458.12 . Cf. atait secht treaba la Feine adbaill a ndire a setaib i tarrachtain `there are with the Feine seven houses the díre of which dies according to the ways in which they are found,' v 162.17 . See ZCP xv 319 . ¤lucht household: treabhlacht .i. luchd treibhe, no tighe, O'Cl. cona th., RC xv 422.19 . ¤rianach (?): ic trebtuind | timarnadhaigh tromoirgiallig | tuaidh trebrianaigh treoraigh, IT iii 99.28 . ? ¤thond: don fhaighthe toghfaind ic trebtuind, 27 (perh. n. loc.).

túaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túaim or dil.ie/42168
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Tuama, túamaim, tuamand, tuamann

n n, n. bend, arch; mound ; boss of shield Celtica iv 44 . Expl. by O'Cl. as baile, fearann, cloidhe, táobh. Note also tuaim .i. tech no cladh, O'Curry 1471 ( H 3.18, 652 ). P. O'C. gives tuaim .i. taobh `a flank ridge or side .' .i. cladh `a moat mound or bank, a knap, tump or hillock, also a tomb, grave or sepulchre , Lat. tumulus.' .i. baile `a town, a fortress .' .i. fearann `a townland, a farm .' .i. eadan no aghaidh `a front or face .' Orig. `monticule, colline,' whence the other senses are derived, Loth, RC xli 407 . g s. Tuama, Lat. Lives 35.3 . AFM i 44.y . Thua[m]na Grene `of Tuaim Gréne,' Gorm. Oct. 19 = Tuama Gréne, Nov. 1 . d s. túamaim, LU 5975 . ? g p. slan trath triath tuamand dindsain, Leb. Cert. 14.13 = tuamann, BB 267b36 . ? Metr. Dinds. iv 198.26 .

Senbic a t.¤ immais áin `S. from the stead of noble poesy,' Metr. Dinds. ii 16.84 . im th.¤ thaiss `in my poor dwelling,' iii 366.3 . ? tarb túamann `the paddock bull,' iv 198.26 . isedh is crich ann gort feoir no arbair, no ard urchur fleasca, ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ) = tri deisceimenna o thir a tuaim, O'Curry 1713 ( 23 Q 6, 17a ) = a trí descemenna ó tiri tuaim, O'D. 1567 ( H 5.15, 4a ). Cf. tuaim .i. timchuairt a thire, ut est dligid a .iii. dia dil ... ina thire tuaim, O'Dav. 1534 , `enceinte de la propriété délimitée ou défendue par une palissade ou fossé avec remblai,' Loth. do t.¤ adhnacail si, do tora torc allaidh dia saighidh, go ros tochla burial-place , BNnÉ 325.18 . cethair traigid fichet fott in damasnai, ocht traigid eter a thūaim ┐ talmain the ox-rib was twenty-four feet long, with eight feet between its peak and the ground (i.e. when standing on the two ends), ZCP xiii 373.21 (cf. iii 460.12 ). ?dosrat hi tuaim immon deil | roscacht cen huail, cen ergail (of Goliath terrorising Israel), SR 5785.

In phrases: docuirither cach ae i tuaimm aroli amail orceil [tairrechtae] against each other (of seas meeting), Corm. 13 Coire Brecain = i tūaim alaile, Corm. Y 323 = co cuir cach dib im thuaim araile `each of them hurls itself round another's place,' RC xvi 158.2 `(se) pousse autour de la place de l'autre', Loth. musluid cach dib i tuaim in aroile (of cattle), RC xv 308.11 . oc airimbert gascid hi túamaim a scéith protected by his shield (?), LU 5975 = oc airbert gaiscid hi tūaimim a scēith (`in a fence (?) of his shield,' Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1507 = tarrasair mac Da Lóth co trián in lái i t.¤ a sceith ic folmaisse gona Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 2125 (perh. the umbo of the shield, Loth). a tuaim a sgeith .i. a n-inadh a scéith, O'Dav. 187. a ttuaim a sgéith, Cath MT 894 . ? is lem dofeidbair hi tuaim inn eouin, IT i 139.22 .

Note also: gu tuaim treabainn gac treabaid, BB 36b55 = co tuaim trebaind cach trebaib , Lec. 282 va24 . tennis in tuaím tuathramut, BB 380b12 . moid no da thoib tuill tuáim i timargar ith, LL 116a37 . turclai tolsum tuaim tinnsaighidh itir glasaib geillfine, 393a3 .

Frequ. in placenames (in some cases in meaning ` burial mound, tumulus ,' Loth), see Hog. Onom. Cf. Dind Rīg, | rūad tūaim tenbai `eine rote flammende Feuerwand' (.i. clodh, gloss), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 1 (T.¤ Tenba was the old name of Dind Ríg, see Metr. Dinds. ii 50.5 , 52.5 , ZCP iii 8.18 , etc.).

1 tulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tulach or dil.ie/42443
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: —ai, tailchai, telchai, tailchi, tulcha, telcha, tulach, tulchai, tulcha, tulach, tolach, tolchadh, Teloch, tulach

n ā, f. (1 tul). g s. Telocho, AU 577.1 , Éigse xvii 423 . Also with a d s. in —ai as in ī— stems in some early exx.: tailchai, Trip.² 2313 . telchai, 2735 . SR 6752 . tailchi, AU i 528.13 . tulcha (: urchra), ZCP xii 386.4 . telcha, Lism. L. 473 . d s. also occas. tulach. Note also a p. tulchai, TBC-I¹ 3602 ( tulchu, 3601 ). IGT Decl. § 190 (g s. tulcha and tulach. cf. a mbél na tolach , ex. 2117 ). g p. tolchadh, DDána 73.5 .

Hill(ock), mound.

I

(a) t.¤ quasi tul-ūach, Corm. Y 1245 . temair na d[t]uath .i. grianan no t.¤ , Corm. 42 Temair . luid ... hi telaig, Ml. 55c1 . hi tilchaibh ardaib, 14a9 . isnaib telchaib, 11 . otha glais telchae berich, Thes. ii 238.7 . in Campo Teloch , 264.22 (g p. ?). i Taulich Lapidum, Trip. 320.4 . hisin tailich, Trip.² 782 . asin tailaig, 832 . bellum Telocho, AU i 66.2 . epscop telcae Olaind, 160.7 . co Talaigh n-ooc, 564.4 . Marc in-a thelaig, LU 5815 . téit ar a chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . ar dromchladh nglan ttealach tte of warm hills, Ériu v 56.75 . torcc taulcha in chrúi, iv 100.3 . mochen do Temrach thealaig, Anecd. i 17.10 . ra gab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib `er nahm eine Anhöhe den Schaaren gegenüber ein,' TBC-LL¹ 4557 . barrallsam a tilcha dá n-éis, 5015 (ro mursam a tolca, v.l.). sin tilaig úane, Metr. Dinds. ii 72.7 . fraech ... do beith fors an t.¤ sin, O'Curry 2053 ( H 4.22, 63a ). tolcha in chruinne, ZCP xii 383.18 . 'san tulaigh i rucad Dīa, viii 114 § 7 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . i dtolchaibh tíre | Chuirc, Hackett xxxix 49 . um tulcaib ┐ trebaib an talman uile, TTebe 1170 . Cf. i taulaich in taige, LU 8732.

(b) In phrases. breo telchae fire on a hill, signal-fire, bonfire: br[e]ó thelcha tend, Ériu vii 223 § 34 . do ghni ... breo tealcha (sic leg.) don aoibhil, Hugh Roe 180.10 . breo telcha ┐ tor tenedh, Stair Erc. 1362 . teine tulcha, LL 192b25 . t.¤ tairléime alighting-place, rendezvous (us. of persons): a th.¤ na toirléime, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 412.z . See tairléim. In phrases indicating hill of assembly round a ruler or king: tilach airechais ... Herend .i. Temair, LU 3439 ( SCC 21 ). do hsuidh Finn hi tulaig airechtuis, Fianaig. 54.2 . docum na tulcha dala no an airechd, O'Curry 1164 ( H 3.18, 462b ). ag triall go tealaigh thionóil, Ir. Review, 1912, 471 § 7 . Fig. a th.¤ cómdala in diabuil (the body), PH 8255 . Hence tulach royal hill, hill of assembly: noc[h]an fuil ... | neach nach tudhchaid dia tholach `Königshügel,' Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . diri tuilche `of the hill of meeting,' Laws iii 404.17 .i. ... isin tulaigh dala. 19 Comm. baile turchomraicc dála ┐ aenaigh in t.¤ sin, O'D. 955 ( H 3.17, col. 669 ). tromdha ar tulaigh dignified at an assembly, Dánta Gr. 5.50 .

II In legal phrases.

(a) t.¤ tigernais, lit. hill of lordship, said of a free client (sóerchéile) who with his descendants remains in free clientship (sóerrath) for three generations with a lord not of his own túath , thereby becoming permanently bound to him. See Thurn. ZCP xv 248. Críth G. p. 107 . The term seems also to be extended to a lord having a client and his descendants for three generations , and to a lord whose client goes to an extern lord for the same period: isedh is t.¤ tigernais a tarthaigther triar and in tan is a fiadnaise a fhlatha bodein tucustar flaith echtrand rath don cheile ┐ ata a fhlaith bodein i n-aididin a dligid do thobairt do fhlaith echtrand re ré trir gen a fhuaidred uair o bed tri flatha for an ceile no tri ceile ag foghnom daenflaith, no tri flaithi duthaigh i n-aididin aen cheile ag foghnom daen flaith gin fuaidred is t.¤ tighernuis i tarthaighther triar when it is in the presence of the client's own lord that an extern lord has granted clientship to the client and his own lord is willing to hand over his dues to the extern lord for the space of three generations without opposition; for if the client have three lords or if there be three clients serving one lord or three native lords allowing one client to serve one (extern) lord without opposition there is (he is ?) t.¤ t. of three generations, O'Curry 1006 - 7 ( H 3.18, 428b ). conic imscar re righ nechtrann re re trir i saorrathuib, ┐ t.¤ tiagharnuis o sin amach `it is height of chieftainship from that out,' Laws ii 206.26 Comm. , `i.e. where the external chief becomes a man's natural chief by length of time, after the reign of three successive chiefs,' n. 0 t.¤ tighearnais i tarrathar triar, iv 378.13 Comm. Of a lord whose father and grandfather have also been lords: tuluch tiagarnais a tarraigter triar .i. dia rop flaith a athair ┐ a senathair ┐ rop flaith feisin is tuluch tiagharnais iarum .i. as uais a tiagarnas ar in tulaig iar tarrachtain trir fuirre. No is tigharna uais in tres fer for in tulaig, O'Curry 452 ( H 3.18, 241b ). This may be the sense in: cach toisich a th.¤ , ZCP xvii 47 § 6 . Cf. also in literal sense: luid ... connici in taulaig tigernais ... ós ur na Bóinne, CRR 36.y .

(b) muin tuilche (lit. ridge of a hill), apparently ref. to the scene of a crime or of an attempted crime: is edh is muin tuilchi ann in baile i roisi foghail dona harmaibh no do no haidhmibh dar triall in marbhadh do dénamh. Is edh is sechtar muin tuilchi ann cach inadh ó thá sin amach. Is edh is imradhu for muin tuilchi ann a dénamh a naen teagh no i naen airecht ris, O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, col. 625 ). is sedh is imradud ar muin tuilche and, imradud a marbtha in oentig no in aen airecht ris, O'Curry 628 ( H 3.18, 303 ). trian coirpdire isin imradh for muin tuilce a nurradus, O'D. 872 ( H 3.17, col. 624 ). sechtmadh coirpdire ... isin imrada sechtar muin tuilchi i cáin gid do íslibh cidh do uaisle, ib. Cf. Ériu xiii 50.20 , 30 .

(c) tuige thuilche lit. covering a hill (of assembly), usually with follg. fri, hence perh. rivalry, opposition, contention, disputing (in an assembly), but perh. for táide tuilche 'hiding on a hill' = 'secret conspiracy' Celtica viii 153 n. 3 : eneclann na rig do tobairit (sic) ar aird sunn a tuigi tuilche friu, O'Curry 578 ( H 3.18, 287 ). no cumad i in tuigi tuilci `conspiracy on the hill' (as if from 1 táide) (in gloss on cosait tuilche), Laws i 176.9 Comm. timdibe flatha .i. eitir imdibe uaidh ria flaithemnus .i. tuige thuilce fris lan eneclann riu, O'Curry 456 ( H 3.18, 243a ). With vb.: is i cumal in tsofhir o gach gradh flatha tuigeas tulach fris .i. da tig bo ar fichit, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). Cf. ni tulaid fri turigen tuigedar tuli mára muride, Corm. 42 = Corm. Y 1224 . Note also: cro fir saiges for flaith .i. tocbad tuilce fris, iar ngiallad do, .i. ro gab-sum rath, ┐ ni dein biathadh na manchuine, Laws v 236.y Comm. Leg. tocbad tuige tuilche ? ? ni seis suidhe tuilche ag togháois aindre, Ériu xiii 23.27 (see note).

(d) Various: i cosait tuilche dissension on a hill (of assembly), Laws i 174.29 . eisce i taide tuilce .i. cocar ime isin tulaigh, O'D. 764 ( H 3.17, col. 549 ). Leg. tuige ? Hence perh. tauilce .i. leith airecht, O'Curry 475 ( H 3.18, 248 ). The follg. perhaps contain a reminiscence of the legal sense of tulach: fāsaig dō tulcha mo brīathar, ZCP xi 96 § 53. tulcha briathar .i. comórtus, O'Cl. Cf. tulchubae (b).

III Various applications: tri stéill chréduma i taulaich in taige roof, ridge (?), LU 8732 ( FB 55 ). tilach dond fair .i. a scíath (of a warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5389 (tul, v.l.). Of waves: torchuir ... | fa tholchuibh doimhne dílionn, TD 20.35 . gebaid tairis ós telaig | folt cas cruthach caoim slemain above the brow , Celt. Rev. ii 300.y . tolcha corra chíogh gcaoimhgheal `the graceful mounds of ... breasts,' TD 39.6 . ba talach ar thairisi he was steadfast as a hill, BS 106.10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. under the various spellings.

Compds. ¤bog: san tseanAfraig ... | tealachbhuig of gentle hills, TD 1.19 . ¤chorr: re sluagh dtolachcorr dTailtean `with the people of Telton's smooth hills,' TD 2.30 . ¤mór: ó thul Tuinne tulach-mór high-mounded , Metr. Dinds. iii 274.50 .