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ainmnetach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmnetach or dil.ie/1480

adj o, ā (ainmne) patient, forbearing: a.¤ gl. patiens, Ml. 58c14 . mad a.¤ (ainnetach, MS.) fondamtar inna imneda, 46d4 . amal rombo a.¤ oc fulung fochide nó combad ainmn[etich] oc indnidiu laithi brátha `as He was patient . . . so that ye should be patient', Wb. 26b7 . frecra n-a.¤ , Triads 174 . fear mor trebar . . . ainmneatach, BB 427b51 . isat anmnetaig ┐ nidat derchoi[n]tig, Alex. 839 . fri gach sāeth bat ainmnedach, ZCP vii 312 § 24 . ba hidan umal a.¤ , PH 3305 . As subst. tri tuarascbalai gach nainmnedaigh, Triads 189 v.l.

1 cennas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cennas or dil.ie/8645

Forms: cendus, -uis, -sa

n o, [m.] (cenn) headship, leadership, superiority, precedence : cendus m. (g s. -uis and -sa), IGT Decl. § 38 . ? cendus, urlataid, īsel, ZCP vii 312 § 26 (or 2 c. restraint?). dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . co nach tibra neach cennus dā c[h]ēile acknowledge the other's superiority, ML² 75 . ōs fiu a cheannas i dteach Dé, Celtica iv 132 § 63 `influence', p. 191 . mearradhacht cheannais, Párl. na mB. 2147 . ceannus connsuineadh annso. soil cédus etc. precedence, IGT Introd. 9.21 . don f. téid an ceannas the masculine is preferred (where there is a conflict of gender), Bard. Synt. Tr. 12.5 .

Freq. with obj. gen. cennus . . . a clainni, Leb. Cert.² 150.6 . i cennus na Romha, CCath. 5101 . ceannas Banba, Aithd. D. 13.23 . a gceannas dó that he should be their leader, DDána 110.3 . cendus coda do na saighdiuiribh, AFM vi 1880.14 . don fhocal déigheanach don chomhfhocal téid a cheannus i.e. the final element in a compound dictates its morphology, IGT Introd. 30.z . ceannas feadhna na faoisidine leadership, Eochairsg. 92.7 (see fedan). ceandus longport, AFM v 1588.1 . With prep. FOR: cennus acam-sa forro-sin uile, ZCP iii 32.34 . a cennus . . . forsan mnai, Grail 3036 and v.l. caisslēn . . . ag a ffuil cennus ┐ uachtarānacht ar in gcathraigh uile, Fl. Earls 40.6 . Attrib. g s. cennphort cennais commanding officer, AFM vi 2290.8 . ? fear mor trebar trencheanduis , BB 427b51 (cennais?).

cimmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cimmid or dil.ie/9101

Forms: cimbid, cimme, cimeach, cimbi, cime, cimidh, chimedha

n i, m. Earlier cimbid. Later cimme; cimeach, TSh. 120 etc. cimbi, Trip.² 1938 and cime (: Seinchille), LL 394.38 are perh. nn. loc. cimidh m., IGT Decl. § 52 .

Captive, prisoner, condemned person (somet. one fated to die, victim): cimidh .i. bráigh, O'Cl. cimbith .i. a cimba (= cumba) .i. ō nōi enseche indi fri bās no longuis, O'Mulc. 225 , based on cimbith (cimba, MS.) quasi cimba ( cymba , LB) .i. ōn nōi ōenṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 where the reference is to Charon's boat. am cimbid-se `a captive', Wb. 27c22 . ciarpsa cimbid, 30a6 . cimbithi gl. uincti, Ml. 107d2 . cimbidi .i. (e)os quos custodiebant , Thes. i 498.35 (Ardm.). dilse cimbetho gl. Iesum flagillatum, 484.3 . cechaing cēim cimbetho `he went the way of a captive', Celtica vi 232.33 (ZCP viii 306.29 ). tromdér . . . / oc coíniud an chimbetho (of crucified Christ), Blathm. 528 . mac an tṡáir, cain cimbid, Fél. Aug. 14 . ba cain cimbith, Blathm. 491 . in lecfide in cimbid (of one condemned to death), Vita Br. 32 . cleireach lasa marbtar c.¤ `a cleric by whom a captive is killed', Mon. Tall. 158.17 . eirr broga Murthemni millsit ammaiti dich.¤ n-etain, LL 14234 (in rhetoric). nī cen chimbedu no beind / do macaib Fer Lugach lonn, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . 'na cimmidib cumrechtai (of sons of Jacob), SR 3562 . c.¤ ergna . . . Barabas, PH 3258 . cimidh go gceird nathrach, Aithd. D. 70.26 . in fogmoir buí ina cime lais `who was his captive', Stair Erc. 711 .

Legal: niba díles do nech guin an chimbidh acht don tí frisi ndéni cion, Ériu xiii 45.28 (g s. chimedha, 26 ). ni cria do baeth . . . do mnaí, do cimid, Laws iii 58.6 .i. is dilsech bais, 22 Comm. cro cimeda `the death of a captive', v 236.12 . log .vii. cumal niath .i. lógh cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri, Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . fer forgaib cimbid cen aurlúd (in list of people fit to prepare food for a king), Críth G. 557 . iarmoracht . . . cimidhi (regarded as an exemption), Laws i 266.22 . secht necmachta ratha la féine: mug, cumul, c.¤ . . . , glossed .i. duine fuaslaicter ó bás, O'D. 2074 .

More specifically victim : cimbid gl. anathema, Wb. 4b30 (see note in Thes.). ni dlegar c.¤ dom cheniul `it is not right that one of my family be sacrificed as a victim' (said by each one of the Connacht host when asked to fight Cú Chulainn), LU 6684 = TBC-LL¹ 2855 . nimmó na dán cimbeda ro thoegat (said by Medb of the Ulstermen), TBC-LL¹ 5120 . ? Cf. a Morainn . . . a mochta co trebar co caomar cimedha .i. cethra, O'Curry 2897 ( Eg. 88, 91b ) = cotrebar, cocaemar cimedha .i. cethra `let the captives . . . be secured(?), be doubled(?)', O'Dav. 1535 .

deiligidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiligidir or dil.ie/15195
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: delaigid, deiligid, -deligedar, -deiligenn, dheilighes, deligfit, deléchaid, deleochar, rodelig, -dealuigheann, dealuigis, delaig, delaigetar, deiliugad, delochan

v (1 deil) separates . In late Mid. Ir. delaigid, deiligid. -deligedar, Sg. 6a19 . 28a15 . -deiligenn, Laws iv 114 Comm. dheilighes, Maund. 22 . fut. deligfit, TBC-LL¹ 423 . deléchaid, PH 780 . deleochar, 7775 . perf. rodelig, Metr. Dinds. iii 340 . -dealuigheann, TSh. 552 . dealuigis, Maund. 92 . ro delaig , Acall. 3451 . ro delaigetar , Cog. 176.11 . IGT Verbs § 106 .

I Trans.

(a) separates, scatters, with FRI (re, le) from, later ó: in lucht na r-dhelig marttra, PH 666 . co na deleochar nechtar dib re cheli, 777 . rodheiligh in gaeth friu in long, BB 40b28 . go ndealuigheann an bás ris an duine a mhaise, TSh. 552 . ro deligthe a cind ria colaind, LL 183b7 . co ro dheilighsiot a dhi ordain fris unvil they had cut off both his great toes, AFM vi 1926 . ro deiligh Dia in soillsi ona dorchadaibh, BB 15a46 .

(b) distinguishes, divides: fogur tantum nodadeligedar fri muta, Sg. 6a19 . sceraid na firenchu risna pecthachaib amail deiliges oegairi trebar a tred, YBL 164a43 . is é fáth ar ro deiliged cechtar de i tech fo leith, SG 325.12 . ro delig-sein sé saer-chodnaig dég d'á derbh-fine he detached, MR 160.22 .

(c) discriminates, settles, determines: cura deiligther itir fine mathar ┐ fine athar, cia dib gellfus de, Laws i 194.11 . cuin deiligter é ma aís in druth é no in gaeth when is it decided by his age? iii 156.18 . ro delig messe scél demin na dremni-se, LL 199b13 . ro deliged in esaenta sin, BB 158b20 .

II Intrans.

(a) parts, is divided: cor dhluig ┐ cor delig Muir Robuir rempi, LB 118b14 . slíab Oilefint dheilighes itir Maighidoin ┐ Tarsidhe forms a boundary between, Maund. 22 .

(b) distinguishes between: tabair dam immad ecna . . . co ro-deligur eter olcc ┐ maith, PH 3961 .

(c) separates, parts from: deligid friu amlaid, RC xiii 76 § 79 . do dhelaigedar . . . re chéile, SG 14.11 . co bun i ndeiligenn in ordu risin traigid, Laws iv 114 . o radealuig re cich a mathar was weaned, Ériu ii 186.10 . níor dhealuigh osna ré n-a chroidhe ó do marbhadh a mhaca leis, Keat. ii 2869 . nir mór gur dhelaig deredh an comráidh-sin ríu scarcely had they finished this conversation, BCC § 147 . ro delaigetar on cath mor amach they detached themselves from the great body of the army, Cog. 176.11 . Absol. do dealuig ar ngleic gan goim has ceased, Ériu iv 216 .

(d) differs from, excels (with DI): feib ra deligetar a n-dáer ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer ṅ-hErend, deligfit a n-degláich . . . de deglaichaib . . . fer ṅ-hErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . ro deligh (sic leg.) do mhnaibh Éreann, Mórthimch. Erenn § 52 .

(e) ceases: nach dealuighenn do ghnáth an profession bendaighthesi ré sáthadh 'this holy Profession doth not cease alwaies to budde' Ériu xv 56 . Vn. deiliugad, delochan.

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

domaín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domaín or dil.ie/18060

n [f.?] (maín) loss, damage, harm: domhaoin .i. olc, O'Cl. domain .i. dímain (useless), O'Dav. 710 . cia domain doairgebad don rig in gat what damage the theft would cause the king, BDD § 18 . lecht Firfota for Ard Cháin | sochaide dia tart domáin, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . dechmad ētāla cech ōen | bias . . . cen domaoin, BColm. 50.8 . trebar cach conae a finntid oigi foric, na facba d.¤ bes mo inde foric fuirre who does not leave greater debt (deficit) on it than he found on it, Laws iii 54.7 .i. nar facba . . . cinad bes mō indti, 56.18 . With gen. or poss. pron. loss , etc., resulting from, due to: ní dait atá a d.¤ na orgne, BDD § 102g . fuath Fionnmoighe . . . fuaramar greis dia domhaoin, Duan. F. i 16.10 . creachruathar la cloind Uí C. . . . ┐ tainic a dhomhaoin doibh, AFM iv 1032.14 . robadh do lucht na hionnsaighthe a dhomhaoín those who made the attack suffered for it, vi 2052.3 .

? As adj.: domuin gach sētach is rí | dáigh fogní bréccach bith cé, ZCP vii 269 § 14 . domain .i. dimbuan, Lec. 474 .

esert, esirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esert, esirt or dil.ie/20498

n m. one who neglects his holding; who fails to perform the duties connected with it (see Bürgschaft, p. 84 ); a vagrant, tramp (contrasted with coairt): esert .i. ni huisi do fert ar is do clanta fert donti bid cæm. coairt imorro coir do fert. esfert .i. can fert, O'Mulc. 438 . esert .i. ess- fo diultadh and ┐ fert; es-fert didiu ni coir fert lais, Corm. Y 506 (essirt LB). esirt .i. ni coir fert do. no eas-ard .i. ni ard, 545 . trí hoénaig eserte: célide hi tig gobann, célide hi tig ṡáir, dul do chennuch cen áirche, Triads 74 (with gl.: haonaighe n-esairte .i. eisert .i. bochtain lag, p. 37 ). tairsci tar fagh n-eserta .i. tar fich no tar tir intí eirges as a firt, O'Dav. 967 . Laws iv 126.7 . in t-eisert, 126.15 Comm. airm i mbiad da comarba treabar im easeart, cid dognitear fri heiseart ? gaibead imme co n-imcua (with gl.: airm...i mbiat da coimetaid orba trebar i ferand inti eirges as a firt, imon esert .i. ite da esert [esert ?] deirge a methus ┐ eisert tascnam methais) 128.3 (also expl. by: .i....dha treabar im edtreabar 130.12 ). in t-eisert is he a aithne; duine fand bis itir in da comorba tre na trebuiri, 130.23 . ma tainic in t-esert amuigh iarsin, tabruit a fine fearand do, 130.28 . don eisfert ib. 30 . dán ecnai dogni rig do pauper dogni coairt di eissirt, Fél. p. x 26 . doni ansruth do eisirt, Anecd. iii 20.10 . togbail eisert receiving the homeless (?) ZCP v 486 § 9 (b. na filed). ní bhi ar eaisiort co ruanaidh does not oppress the landless (?) with gl.: eisreacht [.i.] dilleachta outcast i.e. orphaned Hard. ii 304.1 .

étrebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étrebar or dil.ie/20908

adj o-ā (neg. of trebar ) wanting husbandry, improvident, hence not possessing valid security, not capable of being a sponsor: airm i mbiadh da treabar im edtreabhar two prudent husbandmen by one improvident Laws iv 126.24 Comm. ; 130.12 Comm.

fedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fedach or dil.ie/21426

Forms: fidhach, feadhach, geilḟedhach, —fedach

n (fid) See fidach. fidhach (v.l. fíadhach) feadhach (m.) IGT Decl. § 55 . boughs, branches (coll.): Cill nAindi is ūr fedach, Hy Fiach. 192. 4 . ... loingthighe leabtha ... ar na gcar d'fheadhach fhíthe `wrought of woven branches' Ériu v 56.76 . sloindfead ... don geilḟedhach glan geinelach na tuath trebar , Hy Fiach. 242.3 (here possibly an adj., —fedach). As npr. m.: Eochu ... mac Fedaich m. Argatmair, Rawl. 156b53 . Failbhe mac Fedhuigh, RC xliii 48 § 47 .

fintiud, fintiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fintiud, fintiu or dil.ie/22168

Forms: finntiu, findtiu, fintiud, finntid, fintiu, fintiuch, finteadha, fintiuga, finnteda, finteda, finntiga, findtigha, fintedaib

n f. cf. isi trisfintiu, Laws iv 164.13 ( SM Facs. 11a ). finte ... cotafille fodail, Laws iv 286.6 ( SM Facs. 5a ). See Ir. Recht p. 71 . Forms vary: n s. finntiu, Laws iv 38.14 . findtiu, v 462.1 . a d s. fintiud, ii 282.7 . ZCP xii 365.6 . finntid, Laws iii 54.7 . ar fintiu , SM Facs. 38a ( Laws ii 330 ). ar fintiuch ib. ( 332 ). g s. finteadha, Laws ii 280.14 Comm. fintiuga, 332.3 Comm . ( SM Facs. 38a ). n p. (?) finte, Laws iv 286.6 . a p. finnteda, 286.3 . finteda, v 514.22 . finntiga, iv 44.3 . findtigha, 38.10 . d p. fintedaib, 166.25 ; 206.8 . Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiv 371 land which is the hereditary possession of a member of a `fine', which cannot be alienated without consent of the other members and reverts to the `fine' if he leaves no heirs at death. In Laws glossed `dūthaig fine' and `dūthchas f.¤ ' (brat[h]airsi `kindred' in Laws ii 332.18 ) and translated `tribe land', `tribe property', is mesiuch cach fear fine cunai a fintiud, Laws ii 282.7 (see ZCP xiv 370 ). trebar cach conae a finntid oigi foric (prudent is everyone who maintains his inheritance entire as he finds it Laws iii 54.7 ( SM Facs. 52b ). gaire adruidleacht finntiu maintenance chargeable on (lit. which had claims on) the `f.¤' Laws ii 282.12 ( SM Facs. 33b ). mad dligtechu ar ord flatha flaith ceniu[i]l techta na be dligtechu ar fintiu (.i. ar duthaig na fine), Laws ii 330.7 , 18 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). fuidhir mad a trebaib comlanaib comrannad finteda `shares in the tribe lands' Laws v 514.12 . ingen ar meraib ... dedlaid fri fine, conrannaside finnteda on med addaimther i fini, Laws iv 286.3 (cf. O'Dav. 1261 ). ni aes confodla finntiu .i. nochan ar aesmairecht fodeligther ae induithig na fine, O'Curry 732 (< H 3.18, 350 ). usci tuiridne ... isuide ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine, iarfine ┐ indfine hi fintedaib griain, Laws iv 166z . issi innfine i fintedaib griain a tir i ffuissither, 206.8 . fintiu for cul cuindegar .i. cuinnged cach comfocus a fine cid iar cianaib inonn, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143.7 , cf. 145 . ni mac bradas finntiga .i. nocon e in mac foxlas duthchus ḟine a mathar uile, 150 , cf. 178.11 , 176n. 2 . is tursech me triana fat co tic fis om findtiu, Plummer Colophons 26 n.1 .

fo-cren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-cren or dil.ie/22546

Forms: fochiura, facrīth, focrethther, focrether, -focreathar, forcrathar

v fut. 3 s. fochiura, LL 188b40 ( RC xxvi 40 ). pass. pret. sg. ? facrīth (: díth), TBC-LL¹ 3428 . pass. pres. subj. focrethther (leg. focrether) SM Facs. 17b5 ( Laws iv 212.31 ). Cf. -focreathar, O'Curry 1989 = forcrathar, Laws iv 376.24 . In: nim fochradh fíor fochruic daghbhan, Ériu xiii 23.15 , we may have the past subj. 3 s. act. or perf. pass. sg.

(a) buys, purchases, gives an equivalent for (something); is value for (something): focren fer trebar conair do ascnam raitea nó sleibe `a husbandman buys a path' Corm. Bodl. s.v. róut ( Corm. Y 1082 ). tir focrean boin co ceann mbliadna, i[t] dā miach dēc dono focreanad son land which pays for a cow ... it is twelve sacks purchase this Laws iv 104.17 Comm. ata dono somuine la seotu bouirech .i. ni fodocren issi a somuine, O'Curry 882 (< H 3.18, 395a ). somuine tiri ... ma[d] tir fuidra ... is a fodcren co cenn mbliadnai, O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). Cf. ag focrenar tir (.i. ag ded-cennaighis in fearann ar fochruic) `a calf which is paid for land' Laws iv 92.3 (7) . isse focren cach ceas who gives compensation for every affliction BColm. 98.29 . Cf. bocritha do chetguine (thy wounds have been paid for (?)) TBC-LL¹ 3545 = bo criocha St. is dím facrith (: díth), TBC-LL¹ 3428 .

(b) With pers. obj. pays, hires, recompenses: fochiura cách cainte do chániud dar a chend, LL 188b40 ( RC xxvi 40 ; v.l. fochiuchra; Rawl. 111a6 has: fochiurd .i. cennaigfid). fer focrenur (.i. dia tabar degcreic loigechta), Laws v 284 3 (13) . focrenur aes (.i. doberar fochraic do ar a aes .i. togha di randaib, O'Curry 1989 (< H 4.22 25 ). ni théit sindser re n-osar muna focreathar .i. muna tabartar logh dó aire don tsósar isa crandcur téit ib. (= forcrathar, Laws iv 376.24 ); Cf. focrena[r] aos la feine, Laws iv 372.6 Comm. fer ... focrenar fri breith who is bribed Triads 161 (expl.: cenuighther ... le bríb le haghaidh breithe, p. 40 ). cia forruastur friu is focruic focrenaither dia ḟinib `it is a fee that is paid to their kin' BCrólige § 12 .

2 for, far, bar, uar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 for, far, bar, uar or dil.ie/23273
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: FOR, FAR, BAR, BAR, BUR, BHUR, f-, b-

2 pl. poss. pron., nasal. Cf. 1 sar, sethar, fathar. See GOI p. 277 , 283 . No discrimination in use of FOR and FAR is apparent in the Glosses; BAR seems confined to position after the preps. DI, DO, FO, FRI, TRI, I N-, but the f- forms are also found in this position occasionally. In Mid.-Ir. MSS. all three forms are found with and without prep. but BAR, BUR (in modern spelling BHUR) eventually prevails. In Mid. Ir. MSS. the forms are commonly abbreviated : f-, b-.

I As poss. pron. preceding subst. your, of you , used to express both subj. and obj. gen. (Lat. vester and vestri), the latter esp. with vn. of trans. verb.

A Glosses : for, far : for n-ainm, Wb. 5a17 . for n-ires 13b19 . far mburbe, 19b8 . far foguirsi, Ml. 138a10 . for rí ... far tuad, 46a14 . talam for tiresi, 34a5 . tuidecht for ndochumsi, 53d9 . muriissi far ndochum, 34a4 . sonartnugud for cathrach, 68a15 . is toich dom far nguide to entreat you Wb. 9a13 . beith for menme and, 20b13 . far n-uili baullu 3b26 .

With dat. of apposition : airib far n-oínur `for you yourselves alone' Wb. 22d25 . fuirib for n-oínur, 14d17 .

After prep. : ni ar far n-astud it is not to detain you Wb. 10b14 . ni ar far n-arilliud, 23c24 . ar far foirbthetu, 27a1 . cen far ṅdigbáil `without causing loss to you' 24d15 . do far fírianugud, 3b27 . di far foirbthetu, 23d17 . di bar n-ícc 27c2 . hi far selbadsi, 8d26 . hi far ndergudaib, Ml. 20c1 . hi far crichaib, Ml. 115b10 . hi far cridib, 68a15 . íar far toimtinsi, Wb. 20a14 . oc far n-ingrim, 5d33 . tri far pecthu Ml. 115b8 . tre far fáiltisi, Wb. 23d16 .

bar : ni ar bar seirc `it is not for love of you' Wb. 19d27 . di bar n-iris, 25a30 . dobar célib, 25d8 . di bar n-ágsi, 25a3 . dubar ṅdēicsin, Ml. 82a7 . dobar coscsi, Wb. 9a19 . for bar mbídsi on account of you 23d11 . fri bar n-ícc, 24b3 . hi bar cumung, 5d32 . hi bar peccad, 20b13 . i bar foirbthetusi 25d6 . i bar tintúth, 19d17 . ocbar less, 25c16 . trebar n-imradud, 27a1 . trebar tabirtsi, 14c17 . tri bar nebcongabthetitsi, 9d24 . uabar fortach[t]aibsi, Ml. 83b10 .

There is an instance of both forms in the same sentence after DO : do far forcitlidib et dobar n-anamchairtib, Wb. 14a32 .

B Later MSS. : for mbetha, SR 1216 . for cressa for n-imthimchell your girdles about you 3916 . far ṅgabāil uili that you should all be captured 3568 . for mbith iarmui do A. 3498 (for construction see Dillon, ZCP xvi 346 ff .). for n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 (= bar ne. LB 110b56 ). for Cu Chulaind uccat that C. Ch. of yours LU 5735 . far n-eich ... far n-albi, TBC-LL¹ 4730 . for snīm-sa `care for you' CCath. 5148 . for ndibeirg, LU 6874 ( BDD 45 ). isat mó bar milidi at ániu far n-óclacha, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). ac digail bar ṅdenta ... ┐ bar cathrach, LL 225a24 ( TTr. 581 ). bar ḟiss no bar ngliccus, LB 110b53 . bar ḟírinde 69a17 ( PH 5964 ). bhar bhḟurtacht, Acall. 975 . bhur bhḟir, 976 (Lism.). bar triath ┐ bur tigerna, 5274 (Laud). bar ṁbeith i Temraig, 5299 (Laud).

With dat. of apposition: duibsi far nUltaib, LU 5093 (= uar nU., TBC-I¹ 608 ; in far nU., TBC-LL¹ 1190 ). in far nUltaib, ScM. 9 , LL.

After prep.: ar far mbēlaib, LL 252a15 . ar for miscais because of hatred of you CCath. 5130 . is follus as for ng[n]imaib, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). dar bfor n-amréir, SR 5534 . du for fogail, LU 3337 ( SCC 13 ). do for comruc, LU 5630 . cid tāthi dia for Coimdeid why do you annoy your Lord? SR 5530 (cf. PH 3408 below). fo far n-aursannaib, SR 3918 . for far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 . i far tir, BDD 45 Y (in far D.; in bar, LU 6875 ). infar ndegaid, BDD 12 Y (in ḟar D). in far cin in (requital for) your sin SR 3571 . in far cend, LL 228b43 ( TTr. 862 ). cf. nar lámhaibh `in manibus uestris' TSh. 8579 . bid aguibh inar ttempluibh, Luc. Fid. 211 . See Ériu xv Suppl. 60 (RSCl.). iar for n-adnacul, SR 4736 . iar for sētib, 3589 . ic for togáes, 1246 (= ga bar, LB 110b57 ).

bar: ar uar cend, ZCP viii 316.6 . ar bar sluagaib, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1585 ). do bar taig, SR 4829 . do bor mbrethugud, LU 8771 ( FB 57 ). da bar n-aes, LL 238b32 ( TTr. 1622 ). da bar reir si, LL 173b12 ( CRR 15 ). da bar ṅdeeib; da bar clandaib, PH 715 . 5786 . dia bar n-úid, 3408 . dá bar n-óid, 5963 . da bur faicsin, Acall. 6112 . nech da bur fēind, 5142 . dá bhar n-aire, TSh. 4762 . in bar cathraig LL 225a35 . 239a21 ( TTr. 590 . 1652 ). in bar n-agidsi LL 240b31 ( TTr. 1785 ). immó bar sróna ┐ immó bar mbeolu, LU 1775 (= imma bar, YBL 4b27 ). icabar n-athchumma, LL 238b34 ( TTr. 1623 ). ocabar n-aithcéod, LB 160b59 ( PH 2669 ). icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 (Laud). Cf. co for LU 5244 (H) = ca for, Eg. ZCP ix 140y . re bhar n-aithribh, Acall. 1383 (Lism.).

II In Mid. Ir. used also as pron. obj. of finite vb. replacing the O.-Ir. inf. pron. -b-, -dob-. See Strachan, Ériu i 158 ; 160 - 161 , and Contribb. s.v. .

(a) with simple vb., no particle being prefixed: for bia log you shall have the payment SR 1448 . messe for saera 4831 (= do bérsa furtacht foraib, LB 123a13 ). forbeir for nem, SR 2731 . is e far-saig who seeks you TBC-LL¹ 287 (= dobobsaig [sic] LU 4580 ). fortarraid Find Finn comes upon you unawares, Lige Guill 12 § 37 .

(b) With simple or compd. vb. after conj. or preverb: dan-far-gabat far cuir `if [?] your contracts hold you' TBC-LL¹ 2133 (the corresp. pass. in LU has manop gaib far [n]glinne, LU 5983 ). ? da n-for-tí if ... comes to you TBC-LL¹ 2794 (= ma dobí, LU 6603 ). ar náchbar accaister, LU 6889 ( BDD 48 = arnachab accastar Y). do-for-fua digal, SR 5487 . da-bar-ró in Cú will reach you TBC-LL¹ 592 (= dob ró, St). no-bar-benaid uile fóe 'attack yon fellow' LL ii 8335 , ZCP xlix-l 510 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe sib will delay you TBC-LL¹ 2090 (where obj. is doubly expressed). dobar-ngair [... gair v.l.] invites you RC x 64.8 . ni robar-fachlisem, ScM. 5 ( LL 112b8 ). ro-bur-fucc IT i 139.21 ( Eg. 1782 ). ro-far-cruthaigfe, LB 184az ( PH 6617 ). robar dimicnigsebair fen you have made yourselves of no account LB 184b2 ( PH 6618 ). robar n-élned ye have been polluted LB 173b19 ( PH 1707 ). in ead dobargnísi findbethach ? Alex. 960 . doforficba fer, LU 1213 . doforficfa foirit[h]in, CCath. 3579 . Cf. roborficba, LU 6834 ( BDD 39 , om. YDE).

With 3 s. cop. to express 2 pl., cf. O.-Ir. níb écen ye need not Wb. 16c7 ( GOI 269 ): bidfor coscraig ye shall be victorious SR 4706 . nifor n-intliuchtach ye are not discerning 1238 . nifor gliccu ... inda oen na n-anmanna ye are not wiser 1235 . nibur n-ēcnaigid Dé ..., nibfor cétludaig SR 4871 - 72 . narbar dúrcridig, 4842 . isabhar tocha ... innú sa, BNnÉ 325 § 43 . Cf. atabair ecen techt you must needs go LU 8097 ( FB 7 ). atabar glanasi ye are clean LB 51a50 ( PH 5262 ). abraid fris atfor n-aithrig that you repent Rawl. 132b29 = abraid is he bar n-aithrech, Ériu iii 140.175 .

for-brissi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-brissi or dil.ie/23397

Forms: fortanbristis, forrorbris, forbrissitis, forbrisfither, forbrisbedar, forbristea

v ī (brissid) past subj. 3 pl. fortanbristis, Ml. 135d4 . pret. and perf. forrorbris (gl. superavit) 34b16 (for position of -ro- here see GOI 341 ). Pass. past subj. pl. ma forbrissitis , Ml. 85d10 . fut. s. forbrisfither (gl. comprimetur) 56d10 . ni forbrisbedar (gl. non obruetur) 51b1 . pret. pl. forbristea, 67b18 .

Breaks down, crushes, over-powers: forbrisi cach doding `vanquishes every obstacle' Mon. Tall. § 85 . forbrise ri cach a fiadnaise (.i. cia forbrisid in ri ar cach nduine is isli inās ...) a king outweighs everyone in testimony Laws i 78.18 (82.32) . nochan forbrisife im faitiughad a toicheda, 82.33 Comm . fírén Fiadat rodforbris (of King Laegaire), Metr. Dinds. i 20 . dia mba rochrúaid fordot-brisfider, Tec. Corm. § 29.16 = LL 345e59 . Oppresses, violates: forbrisfider cach trebar , RC xxvi 36 § 188 . ni forbrister nach n-innles .i. nocho foirbrisi do neoch ani is innless do do breith uadha, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, c. 436 ). Cf. ni forbristar nach indlesa, Laws iv 374.23 . With transference of obj. (cf. bris(s)id): forbrisfet comlund, LU 6629 = TBC-I¹ 2090 . barroebris ... Ailill ┐ Medb cath form-sa, CRR 3 . forbrisfi ... mōrcatha for tuat[h]a Orca, ZCP iii 461.18 = arbrisfhi, xiii 375.12 .

imm-dingaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-dingaib or dil.ie/27812

v repels, removes: imdingaib naidm noesa .i. ma trebar an naidm nascar ni reagar noes lais, O'Curry 842 (< H 3.18, p. 383b ) = imdingaib naidm naesaib, Laws iv 70.4 .

léir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léir or dil.ie/29810

Forms: léra, lérscribnid

adj i (but see Murphy Lyrics 1 and 2 léir ) ? Pl. also léra: gidh mor a lochta léra, Duan. F. ii xlix 45 .

I

(a) In O. Ir. freq. used attributively: assiduous, earnest, careful, zealous : indithem leir ┐ menma adblam assiduous attention, Ml. 53c18 . léri gl. (inuentione malorum) diligentes, 88c6 . sóer .i. leir són gl. dilegens, 145c12 . industrius .i. l.¤ , Sg. 41a1 . caraimse fos . . . / oc mo lebran leir ingnu `with diligent science', Thes. ii 293.16 . áes atrige lere earnest(?), LU 2158 ( FA 23 ). eirgg dam ri toisc l.¤ co lúath urgent(?), LL 208b24 . irfhuacra l.¤ . . . fon uile doman, PH 456 . ernaigthe leri ┐ molta mora, 155 . ba leir .i. ba trebar , Lec. Gl. 79. Hence: l.¤ .i. treabhar (sic leg.). no éolach, O'Cl.

Freq. by transf. of books, chants, etc.: in lebrán l.¤ laindrech, Fél. Ep. 90 (`pious'). it lebránaib lérib, Prol. 310. tindscan lechsa léri `begin pious chants', Nov. 14. cona lóidib lérib, Prol. 334 . da cét slechtain . . . / la lebrán l.¤ don Choimdid, Ériu i 197 § 13b . litirdheacht leir ┐ rim, Auraic. 55.

(b) In verse used freq. for metrical reasons, meaning vague: Lucifur leir (:drochcēil), SR 849 . is mo cen in loingius leir, / do connarc a hetercéin, MR 46.9 . lasfaidh an lānḟairrgi / lānainfech lēir, ZCP viii 211 § 59 . do legadh linn 'san leirg lēir / trīcha cairp[th]ech, ML² 231 . Lorcán l.¤ tar firFodla, 23 E 26, 48.28 . mac Dé 'na bhreitheamh l.¤ lom, 23 G 24, 249.16 .

(c) Later much more commonly predic. with meaning visible, perceptible except in first ex. below: ba lēir Patraicc co mbebae `diligent', Thes. ii 314.6 ( Hy. ii 23 ) (gl. i crabud .i. ba feb ar crábud). connárbo l.¤ do neoch isin dúnud ┐ corbo léir dóibseom cách, LU 6405 . is l.¤ balath in conluain, Laws iv 122. 12 Comm . combat léiri lesbaire aeóir triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . in lā ō nab lēir feadha as findlinti, ACL iii 235 § 21 . ro tinoiled fuil in chatha isin ballan ┐ nir bo leir sin isin ballan beous `noticeable', Ériu v 118.60 . easbaidh carad is coigéile / ní l.¤ d'aon ar dheaghaidh Eoin felt by, Arch. Hib. i 98.z . nar l.¤ faighthe amoigh ó mnáibh so that the green was not visible on account of all the women on it, DDána 103.3 . uirre gan bhréig ní l.¤ locht, 51.1 . cairt nach l.¤ do léghadh, L. Cl. A. B. 237.11 . ceol na n-éan ní l.¤ 'san Mhárta, Keat. Poems 505 . an tan bhus léir dhamh do ghlóir-se (cum apparuerit), TSh. 10306.

Compar. leriu gl. industriior (sic), Sg. 41a2 . nách . . . líomhtha, ghéire, léire teangtha na bhfear ná ar tteangtha féin, Párl. na mB. 377 . Used for superl. in: slóg is léri rucad la rig riam .i. Goith ┐ Dalmáit . . . outstanding(?), striking(?), Alex. 100. With de: tuctha leo-sum a n-aes cíuil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta combad leriti na hairgni, CRR 3.

II In adv. uses: is l.¤ dorigni indala lestar ` carefully ', Wb. 4c32 . is l.¤ do-rrími `it is industriously that thou recountest', Fél. Apr. 30 . secht mbeosgartha . . . / ler nos-luaigit liubuir libh, Laws ii 314.16 Comm . lē[i]r ra lēg . . . / suithe sechta, ACL iii 303 § 8 . feib leir dorigned . . . / atchuas do aírrig Egept, SR 3727 . coir ord ura dlige dia lentar leir, Laws i 266.4 .i. . . . ordu an uasil-dligidh do rer coir, mada lentar de co leir no co lór, 292.28 Comm . dlighidh leir lethchumal he is clearly entitled to(?), iv 348.17 (cf. teora leire lethcumala, 346.z ). piantar leir lām asidroille, i 12.1 Comm .

Equative used adverbially: is lerithir inso nonguidim-se dia . . . amal rotgád-sa `I beseech God for thee as urgently as . . ,' Wb. 27d19 (gl. precor multifarie). is lerigtir sin ron-gabsid occai, RC iii 346.21 `you are so determined about (finding) her', Aisl. Óeng. 12 .

In adv. phrase co ll.¤ , di l.¤ do l.¤

(a) carefully, diligently, assiduously : cid ecen áisndís do neuch as doruid co leir, Ml. 14d3 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir gl. adcommodata aure, 21a8 . co raib indithem and co lleir, 67c12 . gudid dia di leir ┐ na carid hi far cridib, 68a15 . lilisiu iar línib / co ll.¤ donaib félib, Fél. Prol. 312 . túir la fége frithgnam / co ll.¤ ord na caiptel, 332 . maith lem . . . cé no slaiss co l.¤ give him a good drubbing, LU 6070 . ferthae a oígidecht co l.¤ amal na haidchi aili punctiliously, 11022 . iarfaigther co ll.¤ , 5993 . na téig a Brénaind . . . / conid arlasar do l.¤ , 3032 . saer lerlong .i. in saer doni cu ler no cu lor na longa, Laws v 104.3 Comm . dosroisechtsa co ll.¤ im bossán (of a ring), TBFr. 331 . oco cuinc[h]id duit do llēir, Fianaig. 14 § 31. dia mbo epscop . . . / geib do māmb do lēir, ACL iii 313 § 9 (colleir, v.l.).

(b) clearly : in tíí . . . nach dáll . . . .i. fhégas co ll.¤ . . . slige na sualach, PH 4672 . fria hetarchert co leir . . . do aicned cech retai `for penetrating clearly into the nature of . . .', 3975 .

(c) completely, entirely; used adjectivally all: ní mholaim dheit . . . / bheith éigcríonna id leanbh go l.¤ , DDána 97.40 . Imlech Iubhair do losccadh co l.¤ eittir daimhliacc ┐ cloictheach, AFM ii 874.12 . co rus dileghait uile do leir `entirely', AU i 532.6 (an. 1014). immáfoacht C. scéla di. Adfét dó ind ingen du l.¤ all, LU 10442 (H). Laighin uile do leir, AU i 532.2 (an. 1014). do thinōiledar Laigin co lēir, ML² 873. a scēla do lēir, ACL iii 5.8 . a maithi go lēir, ML² 101 . co ro bris na hídlu ┐ na altóri co l.¤ , PH 743 . a uile choibsen do lēir `his full confession', Fl. Earls 158.8 . oruibh go l.¤ , Párl. na mB. 354 .

III As subst. teacht l.¤ a dtionóil iar bhfagháil rabhaidh dhóibh, L. Cl. A. B. 42.30 (lér, v.l.). Cf. compds. below.

Compds. (freq. in alliteration). With substt. and vnn. ¤aisnéis: Lucás . . . fer na ler-aisneisen-si, PH 5636 . ¤choimét carefully preserving : na laīde da leirchomet (of a tale), LL 376a x . ¤chrech: gan déanamh léirchreach, gan maidhm, gan cháin, Keat. Poems 567 . ¤fhrital: léirfhriotal laoitheadh, Hackett xxxix 235 . ¤gním: adfed dia muindtir lergnima na bliadne beus amail cach faith, Dinds. 27. As vn. in Fáthliaig . . . ic lērgním in taige `setting in order the house', MacCongl. 91.15 . Attrib. g s. in tech lērgníma `well-appointed', 67.16 . ¤laíd: saigid lulgaigh lan-mesaig ar leir-laidh leirigter `for a clearly manifested laid' (apparently a legal maxim), Laws v 62.18 . ¤lí: amal badh rós léirlí a chinn, Comp. CC 101.10 (leirlighi a cenn, v.l.). ¤mes `act of closely considering, estimating', TSh. Gloss.; criticizing, calculating : léir-mheas do dhéanamh ar gach anfhochain, TSh. 7662 . lucht a léirmheasta, 5165 . ¤reic (2 reic): ag léir-reic locht a chomharsan, 9026 (`act of clearly stating, enumerating'). ¤scríbnid: Lucas lérscribnid , LB 185a39 . ¤scris annihilating : pláig . . . chum léirsgris do thabhairt ar an ccine daona, Párl. na mB. 1284 . ¤thacra: lertacra .i. tacra eisidhe do-gnither ara leithe ┐ ara léire ┐ ara chirt, Cóic Con. 60 § 144 . ¤thecosc: ár léirtheagasc féin duit, Keat. Poems 373 . ¤thinól complete muster: lin na tuaithi uili . . . a ler-tinol, Laws v 50. 4 Comm . rigraidh Laigen ┐ Osraigi cona lertinol, RC xviii 272.29 (Tig.). san bfaithchi lá an lérthinól, IGT Decl. ex. 931. ¤thúarascbáil: lerthuarascbail na cined-sin do faisnes, LB 150a55 .

With adjj. ¤chert: adv. an léigheann go léircheart do chárnuigh, Hackett xl 75 . ¤meinic (dvandva-compd.?) zealous and frequent : co coibsinuibh leirmincuip / do rēir carud naeimh, ACL iii 320 § 98.

With adjj. formed from nouns. ¤brígach of outstanding force(?): cach luíghe leirbríghach .i. cach aen brigus luighe co leir, O'Curry 2009 ( H 4.22, 33 ). ¤chíallach: dar le daoinibh léirchiallacha, Párl. na mB. 27 (`very sensible,' Gloss.).

With part. ¤thinóilte : go mbatar i n-aenmaighin . . . co lionmar leirthionoilte, Leb. Gab.(i) 246.10 . do ionntuígheadar Ulltaigh uile ┐ Laighnigh go léir-thionóilte forro, ML 62.25 . a dteacht léirthionóilte, L. Cl. A. B. 42.22 .

With verbs ¤chenglaid: fa a thuathaibh do iadh 'na fhéithleannaigh / gur léircheangail aniar go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . ¤chrechaid lays waste: tond do leircreach tír thoraidh, ZCP ii 346.26 . ro leircreachadh Baile an Mhótaigh . . . seach gach mbaile, AFM vi 1936.10 . ¤goid (gataid): séideadh séitreach do ghaoith . . . / do léir-ghoid do théagar, Keat. Poems 554 . ¤indrid: ro creachadh ┐ ro lérindreadh an tír, AFM vi 1974. 22 . ¤loiscid: do dhóich sí na caóirigh . . . ┐ do lérloisg iad, Job i 16 . ¤lommaircid: gur milleadh ┐ gur lerlomairccedh leo, AFM iii 390.14 . ¤scrisaid: léir-sgriosfuidh sé a peacacha-san aiste amach, Isaiah xiii 9 . ¤theclammaid: ro leirtheglamadh lais an conranagair do sochraide, AFM v 1356.6 . ¤therbaid: ro leir-therbá Colum cille a soos . . . o cach duinne co Dia, RC xx 252 § 54.

mod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mod or dil.ie/32427
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mod, m., m., mudu, modh, -a, modgnimrada

n o, n. and m. (Lat. modus) n s. mod n-án, SR 2943. m.¤ ṅdil, 3415 . m.¤ nglé, 2575 . ba m.¤ n-áig, TBC-LL¹ 1481. a p. mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078. Late decl.: modh (ón bhés), IGT Dec. § 95 p. 127 (g s. n p. -a).

(a) manner, mode, way, fashion ; in Glosses used to translate Lat. modus. dā mod naturæ ┐ dā m.¤ fortunae (gl. quattuor modis), Sg. 138b4 . gaibid m.¤ ṅ-argumint (gl. instar argumenti), Ml. 64c12 . ó cach mud (omni modo), Sg. 45a10 ; cf. 25b11 ; 203b3 . ní ho mud neirt dogairem-ni noibu it is not from the fashion of strength that we call (men) holy, Ml. 37b16 . is coir doib . . . comrac ime, in tan nach fetait tobach dligid o mudh aile in any other way, Laws v 302.23 Comm. o muth fortachta by way of encouragement, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 2. o mud na con after the manner of dogs, BColm. 82.34 . o tri modaib ro aimsig diabul inní Ísu .i. ó chraes, o maidmige, o díumas, PH 4822. taispénaid cia m.¤ as a mbrisend se in recht in what way he violates the law, 2588 . ros-crochsat fo mud a tigerna they crucified it (the image) as had been done to its lord, 126 . tuc-som sigen na crochi . . . fo mhug na Cristaige in the Christian manner, LB 234a55 . co mbetis aice fo mud airm ┐ diten that they might serve him as arms of defence, 233b19 . fó mud charpait cetherriata, 235a50 . batar leo . . . tengtho a mmudh nathrach like a serpent's, Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3. ó tá an domhan i modh cruinn of a round shape, Content. v 40. modh tagra tabhair-se dhamh `give me fair play in argument', xxiii 2 . tinnscedal in righflaithiusa Romhanta . . . ba saine modh leis ┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh remhaind the Roman sovranty began in a different way from those just mentioned, CCath. 46. go bhfuilid ceithre modha ar a bhféadaid na neithe, etc. there are four ways in which, TSh. 3151. In more restricted sense, way of behaviour, manner, habit, etc.: is i sin oen-ingen ro gab moda Derdrinni fuirri . . . etir cruth ┐ chēll ┐ lamdai, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . nach eolach . . . for a modhuibh nā for a mbescnadaib, Marco P. 116. ni roibhi . . . ben dob ferr . . . modh ┐ múnudh, ZCP vi 24.7 . ógh fa uaisle modha, PBocht 60 § 54 , cf. 37 § 16 . ni budh maith an mogh damh . . . gan a ithe it would not become me not to eat it, BCC § 122.

(b) often used as rel. adv. in above senses: m.¤ conid-tuccid (= prout potestis intelligere), Wb. 21c11 . m.¤ arcanai, ACL iii 298.5 . cach modh dobeir saethar furra whatever trouble it gives her, Laws iv 10.32 . trummu á peccad ar chách nach m.¤ formberat according as they increase, Ml. 71c1 . nach m.¤ ata-sníaim whatever way, Fél. Oct. 26. nach m.¤ don-bered dia bélaib, IT i 138.15 .

(c) in Sg. used to translate Lat. modus = (grammatical) mood: ciall cech muid, 190a3 . ciall inna n-ule mod, 190a1 .

(d) measure, limit (like Lat. modus): arna esgaba m.¤ á cuindrech that the chastisement may not exceed measure, Ml. 22c8 . m.¤ condinroirea a measure so that it may provide for us, Wb. 29b16 . m.¤ for talla inn [sic leg.] tri mēr the space covered by the tips of three fingers, Laws ii 238.11 . ní béram-ni m.¤ n-ordlaig . . . bar culu we will not budge an inch, TBC-LL¹ 5977. modh noi ceimenn, 3892 St. conidmidethar som a mmod ┐ a fit `regulates her portion and her pittance', Mon. Tall. § 60. ní bidh modh ar saidhbris na Romhánach the wealth of the R. was beyond measure, CCath. 240 ; cf. 5760 . na cuiridh tar modh a [= i?] saethar sibh do not exert yourselves immoderately, BNnÉ 68 § 107. ? Sengund o Belach in Chon | rosiacht m.¤ co Lumnech les the extent (of territory) allotted to S. reached from B. in Ch. to L., LL 8b7 .

(e) function, work, service: he fesin as choimsid dáu in muid dungní he is his own master of the work, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294.3 ). déni in chruth sain do m.¤ maith, SR 1617 = dena amlaid sin do m.¤ ┐ do monar, MacCarthy 64.16 ( LB 112b2 ). noch[o] dein moda acht criathra[d] mine does no work save sifting flour, 132.13 = IT iii 20.1 . rannaid etarra modh in tres fir they divide between them the task of the third man, Lism. L. p. ix 10 . co n-epert C. congeupad moda et māmma ind fir, ZCP iii 251 § 9. damad derb leis dul go grod | ni dingnadh egna nā modh if he knew for certain he would die shortly, he would neither study nor toil, vii 301.9 . Deed, performance, achievement: d'indissin m.¤ ┐ morgnim gaili na Feinde, Acall. 7255. sul donéor mo mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078 = TBC-I¹ 2276. oididh Muircertaigh na modh, MacCarthy 398.9 . modh .i. gnim, O'Dav. 2168. modh .i. obair, Eg. Gl. 478. This or else (a) is prob. the sense in chevilles: m.¤ ṅglanna, SR 861. m.¤ cen hír, 6665 . m.¤ mass, 5021 . caom an modh, Lism. L. 3422.

The follg. exx. are perhaps an extension of this sense: ro fail gnúis is grátam dó | dober m.¤ don banchuireo (= his beauty gives the women-folk no rest?), TBC-LL¹ 264 = TBC-I¹ 62 (`Ehre giebt er den Frauen', Wind.). a ben trebar dosbeir m.¤ | bith dia ceiliu cen chotlud it gives his careful wife concern that her husband is sleepless (?), IT i 97.14 (`seine kluge Frau bemerkt dass . . .' Thurn. Sagen 3 , see ScM., Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. vi, glossary ).

(f) honour, dignity, consideration (due to a pers. calling, etc.); seems a late use arising out of the sense `function, office': ni bi omun ar bith fair, acht mogh [sic MS.] na righi do coimét (i.e. he keeps a bodyguard not through fear but to uphold the royal dignity), Marco P. 69 , cf. 76 . ní tiubharthar dhó i sgolaibh | modh ughdair ná deagh-ollaimh, Content. xvi 181. ní tú dogheibh modh . . . acht na grádha 's an aibíd not your person but your religious orders and garb receive respect (?), xiv 1 . doberair mogh nach dleghair d'fhoir Oiligh, Irish Texts ii 84 § 21. go dtugadar . . . do mhodh ┐ d'onóir dhó, TSh. 5565. re a comhairle nír chaith modh paid no heed to, PBocht 68 § 10.

(g) idioms.

(a) is ed m.¤ (folld. by clause); see Celtica xiii 121-22 : iss ed m.¤ danas-tarsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade a crane could hardly have reached to pluck it, TBC-LL¹ 2603 = TBC-I¹ 1940 ; is ed a modh nach tairsed, H 2.17 , Eg. 93 ; is contabairt go dtairsedh, St. is é a modh nach tairsedh, etc., Comp. CC 103.3 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). is ed m.¤ da risad ubull díb dochum talman hardly a single apple would have fallen, TBC-LL¹ 2618 = TBC-I¹ 1945. issed m.¤ nar bo thornocht in talam fótho, TBC-LL¹ 5153 ; 'the ground was hardly bare of them' Celtica xiii 121 . Perhaps an extension of sense (d) = it is the limit if (that). . . . Cf. iseadh modh lais .i. as teann obair leis, O'Cl. s.v. modh. modh .i. contabairt ut est acht modh fortalla ind trí mer .i. is inbechtain dia dtalla inn tri mer, O'Dav. 1258 ; for citation see Laws ii 238.11 , quoted (d) above.

(b) mod nad mod, expld. by Pokorny RC xxxiii 64 as a way that is (really) no way, i.e. hardly, scarcely . See also BBCS xxiv 484 . atconnarcatar úadib m.¤ nad m.¤ .i. in fat rosiacht índ radairc a roisc, LU 10056 ; cf. ZCP xvii 201 (YBL & Eg. versions); the words: .i. in fat, in LU seem to be a gloss incorporated with the text. ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire m.¤ nad m.¤ i ndesid inna sudiu. Conggair nonbur aile fair, FB 84 ( LU 9094 ), where we should perhaps read: m.¤ nad m.¤ a ndesid inna sudiu conggair, etc. he had scarcely taken his seat when another nine challenged him (so Thurn. Sagen 49 ).

Compds. ¤gnímrad exploits, performances (coll.); pl. fer coimeta modgnimrada gaile ┐ gaiscid na Feindi, Acall. 6465 n. (p. 329) ; 6822 . ¤mall of leisurely manner, tranquil: muir modhmhall, Fél. 182.11 .

1 noes, naes, noís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 noes, naes, noís or dil.ie/33240
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: naesa

n legal science, law, custom, ordinance, new rule? a term used in legal tracts, where it is generally expld. as nua-fis `new know- ledge'; perh. a compd. of fis(s). noes .i. nó-ḟiss .i. fis nonba[i]r, Corm. p. 31 = nos .i. nóe-fis, Corm. Y 970 (the explanation refers to the nine men engaged in revising the Senchus Mór, see Laws i 16 ); perh. meant for nós custom . Used to denote the Senchus Mór: i nóus .i. isin sencus, H 4.22 p. 33 (O’C 2009) , Stud. Celt. x/xi 22 n. 4 . g s. fiadnaisi naesa nai `the testimony of the New Law' (? the law of nine), Laws i 10.21 . pl. imdingaib naidm noesa .i. ma trebar an naidm nascar, ni reagar noes lais, H 3.18 p. 383b ( O'Curry 842 ) = imdingaib naidm naesaib (.i. is eim dingbaither do reir nua-feasa), Laws iv 70.4 , 16 ; transl. `the new custom avoids security' (i.e. a good bond does not require sanctions?). filus naosa neimnecha nā tabrat toradh, H 3.17 c. 443 ( O'D. 576 ). ? ni seġaid noisi dibad fo iatha a n-orba .i. ni edh fastaighther do reir no-fesa, Eg. 88 f. 22c ( O'Curry 2300 ). laighidh ail for naesaib, Laws iii 220.21 ; 226.21 (legal maxim; `a rock lies on customs', Atk. Gloss.) = laighidh ail for naisib .i. laighidh ail in tSenchusa forna nua-fesaib forna saobhroscadhaib, H 3.17 c. 433 ( O'D. 538 ). cen naidm naesaib (.i. cin naidm . . . do reir nua-feasa), Laws iv 88.1 , 14 . a nnoisib tuath `customs of the laity', i 208.3 . costad for noisip (sign of a degenerate age), ZCP ix 168.20 .

Cf. further: nert cach naosad nemed, Nero A vii f. 143b ( O'D. 2207 ). erraind nais `a share of new wisdom', RC xxvi 24 § 80 . airbertad naiss `an expression of new wisdom', 52 § 284 (glossed .i. is airbertach isind ḟiss nua). ? for fidrad n-ais, 28 § 111 (naes v.l.; leg. nais?).

1 taíden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 taíden or dil.ie/39554

n ā, f.(?) Perh. vn. of do-fed, see Wortk. 187 and taídiu infra. Band, troop, company: toeden .i. taitnem nó buidhen nó tinnrem no sluagh nó techt nó drem, ut est Hipolitus martir | ba mirbuil a toidhen, O'Dav. 1581 = Fél. Aug. 13 . toiden .i. buiden, H 3.18, 541 ( O'Curry 1304 ). taidhean, no taoidhean .i. buidhean, O'Cl. do Adamnán Iae | assa tóidlech tóiden (: ṅGóidel), Fél. Sept. 23 . slóged lebar ṅÉrenn, | asa trebar tóiden, Ep. 142 = Thr. Ir. Gl. 139 s.v. sloigedh. la mórṡlúagad lígmar | Parméni, tromm tóiden, Jul. 7 (but see O'Dav. 1578 ). ? tarb túamann 'nar taídenn `the paddock bull in our herd' (taoidhinn, v.l., but :Oírenn), Metr. Dinds. iv 198.26 . adbath dino an dam sin ó thoidin mná Futae `this stag was killed by the troop of the wife of Fuat,' 302.21 = oc toidhin mna fuada, ZCP iii 241.29 . R. rí reraig hErind | co taedenaib, LL 23a12 = R. r. ro gab heirind | iar taedeanaib (`after conflicts (or troubles)'), Oss. v 264.6 . ciad e (cia de ?) as dilsiu doib for dhomun | ind a (in da ?) taedin | dia n-anmnigud in a n-atreb | Scuitt no Gaedil, Todd Nenn. 222.14 . go ros gonsat Gaoidil gnithe | gun taedhin tre thuaichle (con taidhin, BB 34a14 , cen toīdin, ZCP xiii 364.3 ) glossed co ro ghonsat buidhne gniomacha Gaoidheal íad, Leb. Gab.(i) 176.14 . do gab teimhel treb taidhen (: aídhedh) `darkness has come into the abode of companies,' BCC 220.11 . mac tighearnain na taoighean, Top. Poems 54.21 .

Meaning doubtful in: ricfaidh huile do bar tirib toirt[h]ech taédhen (: aenfer), Anecd. i 63 § 115 . doluid an cleirech glaisliath clot[h]ach taidhen (: Gaidheal), 70 § 173. a dó dég calainn ceolach December diana toiden | ín erbailt amhra airibh Aodh Ailigh airdrigh Gaoidheal, AFM i 524.8 .

téiclide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. téiclide or dil.ie/40352

adj io, iā (téicle) calm, peaceful : téiclidhe .i. suaimhneach, O'Cl. ar Muir dēiglige Torrēin, ZCP xiii 16.30 (teiglidhe, v.l.). o 'dchondairc in muir co tai tegligi, TTebe 2041 . CCath. 1927 (sic leg.). clár téiglidhe (Fermanagh), TD 13.1 . do cóirigh Tordelbach co trebar-téiglidhe in tír, Caithr. Thoirdh., 21.24 .

1 torla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 torla or dil.ie/41466

n bond, surety ?: t.¤ .i. bi[d] doigh cum[b]adh inann ┐ cinned, amail atá ni gaib besa airech manib .uii. seoit sóerait do t.¤ toirbenat .i. muna cinnter aige iat da thoirithin. Nó t.¤ .i. naidm, ut est ro nenais torla trebar Mac Con calma na curadh, O'Dav. 1594. connla .i. coimdeilighther, ut est. daig ala condla cricha ni taiget reime tola t.¤ T. .i. naidm ┐ deismerecht aile air. cat ferferta ro feradh maith le brethnadh do bō do randaib t.¤ t ... rar mic con calma na curadh O'Curry 575 ( H 3.18, 286 ). t.¤ .i. urra, O'Cl.

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