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ad-muinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-muinethar or dil.ie/505

Forms: admuiniur, admuinter, admunemar, aithmet

v (*ath-moin-(muin-), Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 580 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. admuiniur, Thes. ii 250.3 . 2 s. admuinter, Fél. Oct. 2 . 1 pl. admunemar, Thes. ii 349.4 . Vn. aithmet.

Lit. remembers, calls to mind; usually with ref. to saints, patrons, etc., hence commemorates, calls on, invokes: Eleuther in martir / admuinter (.i. adamraigther .i. bendaicher) a feili, Fél.² Oct. 2 = armuinter, Fél. cainbrec atmuinemar / brōen fīona fīradbail (in praise of Cainnech), ACL iii 219 § 1 . admuiniur sa Mothairén . . . romainse . . . ar cach nolc, SG 389.39 . admuinemar in caillig .i. bennachmaid, O'Curry 1464 (H 3.18, p. 651). In invocations against danger, etc.: admunemar (.i. bennaichmait no ailmit) mo Brígi . . . rop imdegail diar cuire, Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). ar intiuch anaichnid / admuiniur mór-itge / maicc Eithne ainm I call upon the name of the son of E. (i.e. Colum Cille) in a great prayer against the unknown path(?), ZCP viii 286 § 2 ( Rawl. 107a24 ) ( admuniu móritge, LU 1182 ). ? mad oen fri oen n-uathad admuind findmac nEithnend, LL 14193 . Of a medicament: admuinur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muntir `I put my trust in the salve which Diancecht left with his family', Thes. ii 249.8 . admuiniur secht n-ingena [trethan] / dolbte snāthi macc n-āesmar `I invoke the seven daughters of the Sea', Misc. Hib. 19 § 1 ( IT iii 53.10 ). admuiniur teora ingena Flithais, LB 99.35 . ?ní coisc mná admainiur mórgnímaib asa coscaib glé (rhetoric), Ériu i 118 § 9 . admuinemur .i. tiagmaid ina muinigin, Lec. Gl. 67 . Cf. atmenad , atmuilniur.

ágach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ágach or dil.ie/677

adj o, ā (2 ág) warlike, given to fighting: fochen Cet . . . trethan á.¤ , Sc.M² 15 . fonn sídh an eachshluaigh ághuigh, O'R. Poems 1587 .

ainbthen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbthen or dil.ie/1183
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainbthine, ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine, anbthine, ainuthen, ainbthine, anbthena, hanfine, ainbthin, -anfhethna, anbthen, ainbthinib, ainphenaibh

n earlier ainbthine f. (anboth (see anfud), LEIA Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 59, 628 . See also feithine). Also ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine. n s. ind anbthine , LL 6889 . a s. ainuthen (ainbtine, v.l.), CCath. 3924 . g s. ainbthine, LU 8709 . anbthena, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . na hanfine , PH 4241 . n p. ainbthin, LU 2364 . -anfhethna, CCath. 1927 . ?g p. anbthen, MU² 629 . d p. ainbthinib, LU 2234 . ainphenaibh, RC xi 129.y .

(a) storm, tempest: maidm toraind tollchléthi / trethan trom ainbthine, LU 8709 ( FB 53 ). trethan .i. anfen, ut est ardainm tar tuinn trethan .i. anfenaigh, O'Dav. 1576 . ond anbthine sein ruc Paulínus E. i lluing, Anecd. iii 75.24 . gorta ┐ ainmtine, RC xxiv 373.4 . cur roimeclaigh Persaual in ainmten imurcrach roboí forsin sruth, D IV 2, 73 rb 30 . rodáil a ainbthen uile / dar Mag nA. (of Loch Rí), Metr. Dinds. iii 458.99 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.z . commbogad ainbtini dermairi, CCath. 868 . isi conair tuc in ainfin e, 2104 . ainbhthine an aeéir, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . ainfine imarcach ┐ doinionn dermhair, Fl. Earls 8.17 . ?g p. used attributively: lorg adúathmar . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 and n. Fig. ni ḟodhmad broinn ainfen[e] `stomachs endure not a storm', BCrólige 25 (cf. anfen .i. ingnad, ut est fri fail mil moir ni fodma bronda anfen, O'Mulc. 107 ). i n-anfine n-ai as regards the storminess of the case, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 = ainfene, 34 § 38.

(b) violence, fury, rage in general: troithaith ainbthine di dagbesaib cana ┐ rechtge, Laws iii 24.15 . flaith leigis anbtine for a tuaith .i. . . . leigis anfethaigh ar in ceile, O'Curry 458 (H. 3.18, 243b). co rolad anbfen eturru im glenn tribthine, BB 6a37 . mor do anfene ┐ do eccoimhnert, Stair Erc. 375 . atracht . . . a ainbfine onchon, 1347 . bruth ┐ anbthine Palámid, TTr.² 1311 .

As n.pr. Ainpthini ingen Maelduin, LL 362 marg. inf.

allchlíu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allchlíu or dil.ie/2962

n (?1 al+ 1 clíu (Clíu)?): trethan trom ainbthine / a.¤ fri immalldu (rhet.), LU 8710 ( FB 53 ).

clad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clad or dil.ie/9294

Forms: clod

n o, m. Also clod. Cf. 1 claidid, claide. See Ériu xxii 191 .

(a) ditch, trench; also dyke, earthen rampart (the former is probably the earlier meaning. When associated with múr or doé the clad is the ditch from which the earth of the múr or doé has been excavated) surrounding a dwelling, monastery or graveyard; also as a boundary between estates or territories: cladh clodh m., IGT Decl. § 69 . `cladh . . . a bank, rampart', Eg. Gl. 136 . .uii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid, cia robdait[h]er indib . . . c.¤ dúne, c.¤ cille, c.¤ f[e]irt, c.¤ usci t[h]airidne, c.¤ linne muilind, c.¤ fót[b]aig móna, c.¤ bís im droichet `seven ditches whose liabilities are not atoned for, whatever may have been drowned in them', Coibnes § 13 . in c.¤ asa tabar fodbach na mona .i. na cuiteda, n. 9 . c.¤ bis fás conid lína tóla[e] n-uisci, § 12 . rot, .i. bec, .i. im a mbi c.¤ Ramat, .i. mor, .i. im na bi c.¤ , Laws i 232.18 Comm. isedh is feichem eachtar criche ann fer tar crích trichat cét, gen co be acht in cladh etarru ┐ in fer agras, O'D. 666 ( H 3.17, c. 487b ). ar cladh feruinn mbiudbuid, Laws i 290.x Comm. dul tar mur, no dar c.¤ na cilli, v 476.12 Comm. tir da randa flaith . . . a claetar poll .i. c.¤ .i. i claidter poll i[c] comraind in feraind, iv 8.6 Comm. fer . . . ind claid the ditcher, Mon. Tall. 133.14 (§ 16) . tuam (.i. c.¤), Corp. Gen. 18.14 . baí ar cūl in catha i clud ┐ a gilla ōsa chind, 403.30 . ní bíd c.¤ na hairbi na caissle im thír i nHére, LU 10568 . ro hadnacht . . . isin chlud imechtrach . . . rigratha Loegairi, 9817 . co tocba clod cechtar a da roth . . . con[id] slicht suachnid fri ed mbliadna, 8492 (H). noí cluid . . . / noí ndui na timchell nine ditches and nine ramparts, LL 3558 ( Metr. Dinds. i 30.37 , cluidhe, v.l.). romaid . . . for Gallaib . . . ┐ ro scalit fo chladaib ┐ fo glentaigib, Cog. 76.10 . conacclaid múr n-Aillinne . . . Buirech . . . focerd asin clud in cloich fil indti, Dinds. 17 . ag déanamh cloidh timcheall a reilge, Keat. iii 1073 . Of a grave-mound: ó do claidhedh cladh úire / ar Ceithern, TBC St. 3729 .

G pl. as epithet: ar Cruachain na c.¤ , LL 10139 . rí Cera na c.¤ , MacCarthy 168 § 2 .

Also somet. of stone or partly of stone: mó na ail borbchloche (sic leg.) i clud / cechtar a da glún, LL 29915 . tar chladhaibh clachísli camcharadh, CF² 1157 . cladh clach, Studies 1924, 244 § 20 .

Of the Roman walls in Britain: is leis doronad c.¤ Saxan a n-agaid na mbarbarda . . . ┐ ase ainm in claid sin . . . Guaul ┐ . . . c.¤ aile i nagaid Gaedeal . . . .i. C.¤ na Muice, Todd Nenn. 64. 1 - 4 and note.

C.¤ coicríche boundary ditch or dyke between territories: Conchobur . . . . / coilles cludu cocriche, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 14 . go mba lór do clod coicrice a slicht, RC xii 86 § 93 . teacht ar chiomhsaibh ar gcríche / d'fhéaghuin an chluidh choigcríche, Aithd. D. 39.8 . Fig. caistiall . . . robadh cladh coigcriche ┐ robadh cliath gabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 .

C.¤ comronna (-roinne) dividing dyke : cladh comronna . . . ōn Āth Cliath co chēile .i. Eisgir Riata, ML² 983 . luaithi dhó ag dol na choinde / ná bó tar chlodh comhroinde, IGT Decl. ex. 1523 . Cf. atá dá chéibh 'na gcludh ronna (of hair), Aithd. D. 28.34 .

(b) By extension of the waves of the sea: tar cladhuib troma tuirseacha na trethan , ML² 689 . Hence, of hair: re folt camlag cladh gcopdha, Magauran 1861 . do chéibh na ccladh mbraointe mbán, O'Hara 3285 .

Compds.

(a) With noun. a ghríobh chladhachuidh Chonnocht, Aithd. D. 34.21 . craebhthonna cladhanfaidh cuipgheala Clidhna, CF² 1329 . cloidhbhile míonabhla, Aithd. D. 4.6 . glaise it shúil cladh-chlaise id chéibh, Dán Dé xxix 21 . ¤-etrige (see etarche): ba sruth-aibne . . . cach clais ┐ cach c., MR 240.16 . ¤-eng (2 eng): fa chloidheangaibh síodha an chláir Chonallaigh, DDána 83.15 . cladfocal dá chelgbuain, Caithr. Thoirdh. 34.39 . red chladhfhalt gclaon, PBocht 2.7 . Donnchad an chladhfhuilt cíabhuigh, LL 396.15 . ? ¤-imbel: [Uí] Raghollaigh . . . / far ciadhímil gach Cathal, O'R. Poems 2578 . ¤-mala: co n-a clad-mailgib curad `prominent eyebrows', MR 180.11 . cladh-mhúir for lucht ghalar ngráineamhail (of burial customs), TSh. 5774 . ¤-ucht: óradh na gcladhocht um Dheirg ndalldamhaigh, DDána 83.21 .

(b) With Vn. aigmhéil dá bharr / béim súl ar chách re a chladhḟaicsin at seeing its undulations(?), DDána 114.8 .

(c) With adj. tonn chorrach . . . chladhanbhail . . . Chlíodhna deep-troughed , ML 94.18 . i mmulluch Cerna chlaidard, LL 24166 . tar na ciséalaibh chladhardha (of the sea), RC xxix 110 § 2 . Eóghanacht Chaisil chladhcháoin, Caithr. CC 27.19 . caistiall clodhdaingen, Grail 3729 . camchúl cladhdhlúth cadhblúb cruinnighthe cuach close-waving , Hackett xxxii 3 . a Crūachain cloidhḟinn, ZCP xiii 18.13 . go Dún gcloidhfhionn gCaoin, DDána 91.21 . nir sudhseat Caiseal cladhglas, BB 60b43 . san tigh . . . chlaidhréidh, DDána 119.3 . go Crūachain claidhreidh Connacht, Duan. F. i 87.11 . go Cruachain clad-ruaid, Hy Fiach. 178.z . ciabh chloidhshéimh, O'Hara 2910 . fonn claghshocair len cóir báidh, 3 . in Coraind chladhuaine, Acall. 7566 . co barr críchi claduair Cuind, LL 29733 . a chiabh chladhúr, Dánta Gr. 16.106 .

1 claidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 claidid or dil.ie/9329

Forms: claide, claisse

v (cf. clad). In O. Ir. with s-subj. and redup. pret. In Mid. Ir. the stem claid-, cloid- or claoid- (for which see Murphy, Duan. F. Gloss. s.v. clódh ) spreads to all tenses.

(a) digs, excavates : cladait inna lige i mbiat `they dig the lairs in which they are', Ml. 76d14 . tir . . . a claetar poll, i curtar lia, Laws iv 6.11 . dia claite derc for whom a hole used to be dug, Cáin Ad. 2 . ní claide ro clas rempe no hole was dug for it (of a fork planted in the ground), LU 4813 . atá loch usci and. fegtar ┐ claiter. ro claided ┐ fríth, 177 . meilid fāebra . . . claidig (= -id) būrach, TBC-I¹ 3446 . ro fothaig eclais . . . ┐ ro claid topur occi, Trip.² 1221 . in t-uma fora claiter in aill `the copper for which the cliff is pierced', Laws i 188.x Comm. mani cláitis in talmain fothu `unless they mined', CCath. 3114 . cluidh ┐ clasacha . . . ro chlaidhset an Gaoidelshluagh, Hugh Roe² 180.11 . ? Here: ro claoi [in torc] an talamh, gur bo réigh, BNnÉ 104 § 6 .

(b) digs up, undermines, razes to the ground, levels : rumúgsat no rocechladatar gl. (altaria tua) suffuderunt, Wb. 5a24 . trethan dilenn os cach maig / is mor n-írenn ro cechlaid, SR 2234 (-laig, MS.). no chlaided na muru . . . ┐ no linged dar bernadaib, LU 8931 ( FB 70 ). ro claidhsid iarom na tri Cholla Eamuin Macha ┐ ni ros-aitrebsad Ulaid innti o sin alle `razed', RC xvii 29.32 (Tig.). claidfiter durthigi Dē `will tunnel beneath', Ériu xviii 70 § 58 . da ro clasa a n-indsi ┐ a nduini, BB 500b34 . Cf. ro múradh ┐ ro mórchlaidheadh an toilén . . . lás an Iustis, AFM v 1742.5 . vi 2022.2 .

(c) digs (a grave), constructs (a grave-mound): cor clasta a fert that his grave might be dug, LU 10738 . cladar a fert, 5704 (= TBC-I¹ 1230 ). rocechladar fert fōtmaig, TBC-I¹ 3143 . a mná fodéin claidset clud . . . / dia adnacul, Metr. Dinds. iv 76.15 . dos-bert (= as-bert) frim ara clasaind adhnacol do cholaind aithich, RC x 82.11 . cloidhis uaigh dá athair, DDána 41.23 ( IGT Verbs ex. 974 ).

(d) builds, constructs (an earthen mound and vallum): clasa (? clas a) rath la Cormac, Cymmr. xiv 106 § 3 ( Rawl. 131b35 ); but cf. roclasa a fert and, Dinds. 58 . m. Airtt . . . lasro chlassa duini hi tossuch, Rawl. 148b17 . oc imresain atām dūs . . . cia las roclassa ind rāith so, Ériu viii 157.17 . Macha . . . / las class Emain, LL 2659 . ro claitea clad (? leg. claid) imma tech, Metr. Dinds. i 4.33 . gur c[h]laidhemar aile n-ūir / gor thōgsamar trī rátha, ML² 2082 . aingil ro chlaidset mur a chille do, Fél.² clxxx 19 . ro claidh ┐ ro thorainn an cill, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . Cf. ra chlaitar in talmain dara formnaib, LL 12368 ( TBC-LL¹ 6145 ).

(e) By extension, buries : a corp 'san chill-si claittear, ZCP xiii 17.35 . cona[d]-claid-sium dano oc suide buried him, Sc.M² 23.18 . ? Here: o bas Abraim . . . / gor' claidhed clann Partaloin, MacCarthy 312 § 3 (`were smitten'. Cf. clóaid).

Vn. claide. Part. claisse.

1 clíu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clíu or dil.ie/9528

Forms: Cliu

n k, m. term applied to some kind of territory(?): for cúan-bla clíach ┐ crích, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.62 ( LL 29996 , cliath, v.l.) (`of ridges and territories'). In nn.loc.. see Hog. Onom. and bellum Cliach, AU an. 744 . orccain na cCliach, AFM i 174.2 . bellum Cairn Feradhaigh i Cliu, AU an. 627 . Clāre .i. Clīu-Ara .i. mullach Clīach, Corm. Y 278 . nisrogab as Chliú chlemnach / oenḟer bad ḟiu Tairdelbach, Rawl. 165b44 . Perh. also: do chathcliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 (`with the famed battalion of the Conallians'). trethan trom ainbthine / allchlíu fri immalldu, LU 8710 (? leg. all chlíu). As n.pr. m. Cliu, LL 1516 .

deec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deec or dil.ie/15020
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deac, déc, .x., déec, déac, deacc, deäc, deec, deéc, déc, deac, déc, deac, déc

adj deac, déc. (*dechǣg < PC *dekank < *deḱm-kʷe `and ten' Lexis iv 66-69 , Ériu xliv 182-84 , but cf. LEIA D-36 ) Often written .x.— Zeuss 304 .

FORMS: déec (oldest form), Wb. 15 b 1 . Ériu ii 222. 18 (Oir. text). SR (see below). deéc, SR 4838 . deac, BCr. 3 c (twice). 32 d 2 . 33 b 9 . 18½ d (thrice). Ml. 16 c 10 . 43 d 27 (twice). Bvi 23. 39 . Thes. ii 254. 15 ; 255. 3 .— ZCP iii 451. 18 (Oir. text). LU 57 a 1 . 68 a 1 . LL 36 a 32 . Trip. 82. 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1680 Y, 579 LU. Fél. Ind . déac, TBC-LL¹ 189 . 192 . 301 . 325 . 1682 . 2161 . 2162 . 2226 Y. deacc, Bvi 21 . 23 (six times). TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y. Trip. 228. 1 (Rawl.). diac Gorm. Oct. 21 . Mid.-Ir. déc, décc, dec, decc. Mod.-Ir. déag, deug.

DISYLLABIC: Glosses. Fél. Jul. 15 , Sept. 22 ( deäc: cateät). SR 397 (12 inst.; monosyll. 30 inst.), 2665 . :cert 52 (deec), 3012 (déc), 3156 (déec). : recht, 2340 (dec), 6822 (déac). deec : dlecht, 212 , : lecht, 4200 , : roddĕt, 1628 . deéc: cet, 4838 . deéc : réc (leg. deec : rec), 4730 (ZCP x 382 ). déc (disyll.), Ériu iii 98 st 19 (Rule of Ailbe). In 11th-century poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre. deac: glacc, LL 133 a 48 (Flann Mainistrech †1056). déc (deec, deac leg.) LL 199 a 48 (Cúan Ua Lothcháin †1024). LL 52 a 28 (poem ascr. to Orthanach, 8th century); ib. 52 a 11 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: Gorm. Jan. 26 , Apr. 16 , Oct. 21 . LL 47 b 11 (Dallán mac Móre, 10th century). Poems by Gilla Coemáin (†1072): MacCarthy 144. 5 ; 148. 1 ; 156. 15 ; 164. 5 ; 168. 6 ; 174. 9 &c. déc: gréc, 186. 13 ,: géc, 190. 2 . Usually also in the poems of Flann Mainistrech. SR 30 inst.; in rhyme always disyllabic.

ECLIPSIS: díni na noentreb ṅdéac, SR 6822 . trethan derb trí fer ṅdeec, 4200 . co cenn noi laa ndeec, 1628 . timthacht dá ḟer ndeacc, TBC-LL¹ 1104 Y (for older deacc as in LU 68 a 1 and TBC-LL¹ 1633. 2226 Y). doscara C. dá sé ndéc laech díb, TBC-LL¹ 1039 Y; but ré trí ṁbliadan deac, LL 133 a 48 , cf. MacCarthy 156. 15 (LL).

ASPIR. ceithre rígh dheug, Hy Fiach. 92. 9 . trí rígh dheug, 94. 6 . TSh. 44. 25 .—MOD. dhá dhéag twelve; dháréag (i.e. dhá ḟear dhéag) twelve persons; elsewhere déag.

I Ten, -teen, expressing the addition of 10 to the units 1-9 (cardinals and ordinals).

(a) abs. a ocht deac eighteen BCr. 32 d 2 . a hocht déc, MacCarthy 186. 13 (LL). ib. 200. 14 . PH 5003 . sé déc, TBC-LL¹ 1039 Y. a dó dhéag, TSh. 44. 25 (mod. id.). bliadain ar a cóic dec sixteen years LL 47 b 11 . in dara déag, in treas d.¤ , Todd Nenn. 118. 3 , 4 . fa dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . —Substantives are joined with `di': a secht déc do dagbliadnaib, MacCarthy 200. 14 ; this construction is far rarer than (b). aill deac one twelfth , later aile d.¤ viimad rann cethorchat aili deac brotto, BCr. 18½ erpais Patraic aili deac Érenn dó, Trip. 82. 24 . Laws i 234. 17 ; ii 60. 1 ; v 212. 22 ; 252. 20 ; 332. 29 . oile dhécc, ITS v .

(b) with subst. (inserted between the unit and deac): trí mís deacc, Bvi 21 . dí míli déec, Wb. 15 b 1 . ala laa deacc, Bvi 39 . ala rann deac, BCr. 18½ d . cóic cét déc 1500 TBC-LL¹ 18 . in darna huair déag, MR 106. 12 . isin seachtmad bliadain déc, TBC-LL¹ 347 Y. MOD. trí míosa déag thirteen months; an treas mí déag &c.—Between the unit and the ten only one subst. is allowed, except in instances of the type `secht trichait cét déac' TBC-LL¹ 189 LU ( ib. 192 , 301 ).—Adjectives and genitives belonging to the subst. follow deac: dá mí deacc æscidi, Bvi 23 . dá chlár déc ségdai sescat, SR 4232 . ala rann deac brotto, BCr. 18½ d . dá mí deac gréne, Bvi 23 . ar chúic ungaib dec argait, SR 7712 . im secht macaib déc Dedad, MR 212. 8 .

II Pl. teens , only Mod.-Ir. (modelled on English). ní ḟuil sí as a déagaibh fós she is not out of her teens yet GJ v 9 a . tá sé ag dul insna déagaibh he is advancing in his teens Dinneen .

MOD. See above. aon déag (pron. aonéag) W.K. As to the stress in cpd. numerals like cúig bhliadhna déag, see Quiggin Dial. Don. § 487 . Seanchaint 136 .

do-aidlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-aidlea or dil.ie/17118
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: taidlid, tadall, tadhaill-si, nach-am-taidled, taidled, taidlid, thaidle, do-da-aidlea, danaidle, -taidle[a, do-n-aidlend, taidlend, taidleas, taidhlim, tadhlaim, tadhallann, taidlig, taighlidh, tadhluid, taidled, taidlitís, taidlitis, do-airli, taidled, rotaidlimmis, taidlitis, do-aidlibe, do-sn-aidlibea, do-aidhlebha, do-t-athleb, taidlebai, doaidlibem, taidlébat, -tadel, taidheolla, taigheolaid, taidlidhfidh, thaidhéalainn, tadill, tairlius, dom-airlis, dotáraill, rustaraill, do-araill, domaraill, domh-áraill, don-áiraill, dofárraill, do-m-faraill, dusfaraill, faraill, domtharaill, taraill, taruill, taraill, nín-taraill, nis-tarall, tarall, taraill, ro[t]táraill, rotharaill, rotairill, tārliset, rothaidlis, thaidhlis, rotadaill, rothadaill, rota-dhaill, thaidhlimair, thaidhlebair, tadall

(* to-ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Later as simple vb. taidlid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Ipv. 2 s. tadall (tadaill, v.l.), BDD 162 . LL 120a16 . Ériu iv 140 . tadhaill-si, BNnÉ 170 . 3 s. nach-am-taidled, SR 2053 . taidled, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . 2 pl. taidlid, Trip.² 2911 . Indic. pres. 2 s. ni thaidle , RC iii 176 ( LL 120a19 ). 3 s. do-da-aidlea, Wb. 9b5 . danaidle, LU 5678 (= TBC-I¹ 1204 ). nách tan to-sn-aidle, BDD 138 . nach nathir do-n-aidle, Ériu ii 116 . nach taidli, Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . -taidle[a, Ériu xvii 70 § 12 ( Laws iv 214 ). do-n-aidlend, RC viii 56 ( LL 116b28 ). taidlend, Laws v 4 Comm. ni thaidlenn, BS 30 . rel. amal taidless, PH 5579 . taidleas, Laws v 92 . Later forms: 1 s. taidhlim, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 7 . tadhlaim, Ó Bruad. ii 90 . 3 s. tadhallann, Eochairsg. 125 . taidlig, Ériu iii 14 ; viii 157 ( YBL 135b24 ). taighlidh, IGT Introd. § 8 . 3 pl. nach tadhluid , Ó Bruad. ii 104 . Impf. 3 s. taidled (rel.), LL 120a7 ( RC iii 176 ). o nothaidhledh, CCath. 2897 . 3 pl. (rel.) taidlitís, RC xiii 448 = SG 314 . i taidlitis , LL 162b29 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 382 ).

Subj. pres.

(a) In older lang. generally with perfective -ro-: 3 s. mad do-airli , Mon. Tall. 142 . ni táirle, Wb. 30d20 . nách thairle, Ériu ii 65 . ? nīm thairle, Hy. vi 12 . nách-an-tairle, i 8 . nīm tharle, vi 8 . dia notairle, TBC-I¹ 652 . co nā taraill, LB 108a73 ( Trip. clxxxix ). 1 pl. co tarlam, Fél. Prol. 319(L) . tairleam, ZCP iv 235 .

(b) da taidhle, RC xii 340 . nír thaidhle, ib. dia dtaidhle, TBC-LL¹ 1832(St.) . dia nostaidlea, Todd Nenn. 196 . cen co taidhli, CCath. 5117 .

Subj. impf.

(a) 3 s. co dairleth . . . co tairled, TBC-I¹ 586 , 587 . co tairled, LU 5075 .

(b) 3 s. ar na taidled , LL 117a44 . co rothadled, TTr.² 466 . 1 pl. na rotaidlimmis , BB 16b51 . 3 pl. ara taidlitis , Imr. Brain § 63 .

Fut. 2 s. do-aidlibe, B. in Scáil² 36 § 12 . 3 s. do-sn-aidlibea, Wb. 25d14 . do-aidhlebha, Lism. L. 1049 (possibly fr. ad-ella). do-t-athleb, ZCP iii 204 . taidlebai (-bae, v.l.), ix 454 . 1 pl. doaidlibem, Ml. 14d5 . 3 pl. noco taidlébat , LU 4463 . Later forms: 1 s. -tadel, Reeves Ad. 266.7 . 3 s. taidheolla, SG 75 . taigheolaid, O'Gr. Cat. 290 . taidlidhfidh , BCC 211 . Condit. 1 s. ni thaidhéalainn , 3 C 1 3 , 524.4 (late). 3 s. do-m-adlibedh, Anecd. ii 9 .

Pret. and perf.

Pret. 3 s. tadill (as deut.), CMMucr. 82 § 12 . With infixed -ro- (quantity of vowel uncertain): 1 s. tairlius, BS 48 . 2 s. dom-airlis, Fél. 156 (June 21) . ? 2 s. dotáraill, Fél. 12 . rustaraill, ibid. 3 s. do-araill, Trip.² 271 . Anecd. i 9 . domaraill, Goid. 93 . domh-áraill, Fianaig. 36 . don-áiraill, RC xiii 464 ( LL 292a2 ). dofárraill, TBC-LL¹ 1922 . do-m-faraill, (: abhainn), ZCP vi 263 . dusfaraill, Fél. 44 . BNnÉ 41 . faraill, ZCP viii 553 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 1922 ). domtharaill, Rawl. 151b16 . taraill, LU 4309 . TBC-I¹ 1879(LU = tarraill, TBC-LL¹ 2936 ). ACL iii 12 , 24 , etc. taruill, BNnÉ 27 . rel. taraill, Acall. 2541 . PH 6478 . YBL 121b35 . nín-taraill, Imr. Brain § 44 . nis-tarall, LL 371c17 . Cf. nir thagaill, 361b44 . tarall (as deut.), SR 6675 (dia taraill, ib. 7643 ). do tarall, Dinds. 100 = taraill, Folklore iv 483 . ro[t]táraill, MacCongl. 93 . rotharaill, ZCP vi 49 . rotairill. Lib. Flav. i 29 va 23 . 3 pl. tārliset, Ériu xvii 44 § 34 (see p. 51).

(b) 1 s. ler' thaighleas, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 7 . 2 s. rothaidlis, PH 8241 . do thaidhlis , Parrth. Anma 368 . 3 s. rotadaill, CCath. 2962 . rothadaill, Metr. Dinds. iii 290 . rota-dhaill, AFM iii 178 . dier' thadhaill, Fl. Earls 26 . do thadhaill, Marco P. 1 . do thadhall, RC xxix 124 (-gh-, MS). cor taidill, Lec. 602a42 . nir thagaill, 361b44 . nar tagaill, BCC 144 . 1 pl. do thaidhlimair , 3 C 19, 189 va 18 . 2 pl. gur thaidhlebair , O'Gr. Cat. 402 ( TD 22a ).

(a) comes to, approaches, visits, touches: taraill .i. do thadhaill no do-righne cuairt, O'Cl. do-ecmalla in mertrech cuicce pecthu ind lína do-da-aidlea who resort to her, Wb. 9d5 . cia dot-áraill who has been with thee?, Fél. 12 . do-sn-aidlibea he will visit them (i.e. in judgement), Wb. 25d14 . dia mbad ḟulocht mór nobeth and, roadelta; uair is bec fil and ni thaidle, LL 120a19 ( RC iii 176 ). bachlach . . . do-aidhlebha mh'adhaircin | do dhoirtfe mo dhubh, Lism. L. 1049 (possibly fr. ad-ella). ar nā taidled fer . . . a thechsom do aigidecht, LL 117a44 . don bhrugh bheo nach tadhluid daill, Ó Bruad. ii 104 . Ériu viii 157 . nímthairle éc, Hy. vi 2 . náchantairle adamnae, i 8 ; tríst, ACL iii 314 . Fothairt nach taidli tart whom drought visits not, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . triar ná táraill ces on whom anxiety never fell, SG 382 (wrongly translated, Mart. Don. Oct. 7 ). nach taighlim na trí ceardcha frequent, Ir. Review 1913, 594 . anní dosfaraill what had befallen them, BNnÉ 41 . dom-faraill bēim . . . dot abainn, ZCP vi 263 . Cf. taidled abond, vii 311 .

Hence in hostile sense attacks, injures: is goirt dom-airlis (to one who has wounded him), Fél. 156 (June 21) . dan-aidle C. co fogaid in chlaidib co sebaind a folt de, TBC-I¹ 1204(LU) . LL 116b28 ( RC viii 58 ). bendacht ar in lāim dusfaraill, TBC-LL¹ 2204 (lear goineadh é, Eg.); 1922 . fiacail Ailella domháraill, Fianaig. 36 . Note further: nách tan tosn-aidle súil ind ríg whenever the king's eye lights on them, BDD 138 . ni ḟil uaib milidh nach tabair mo cluassa aichne for builli a claidim . . . cen co taidhli mo rosc a taidhbred fein, CCath. 5117 . do thadhaill mu rosc-sa hé `beheld him', Marco P. 1 . Fuat mac B. dotarall inse for muir, Dinds. 100 . noco taidlébat a tīr-se co bráth, LU 4463 . san ferann taidhlis trethan which the sea washes, Lec. 52a10 . cūicer filed . . . is ferr tharaill iath nEirenn, Acall. 2549 . dealb duine as deach taraill talmain, YBL 121b35 ( ZCP xiii 177 ). vi 49 . viii 111 . PH 6478 . tarall lám Oxa in n-airc touched, SR 6675 , 7643 . ō no thaidhledh a thaeb an talmain (of Antaeus), CCath. 2897 . ZCP ii 362 . o tharaill in foscudh (= cum tetigisset umbram), Lat. Lives 78 . do forchongair Dia duin . . . na rotaidlimmís hē, BB 16b51 (= ne tangeremus illud, Gen. iii 3 ). ba hainminic nothaidhledh a chossa lár, BS 14 , 30 . MR 234 . RC xii 340 . geruó mōr an glenn . . . ni thaidhledh somh é acht nolingedh don bhord co aroile de, BS 124 . rochrīnsat [ind énlathi] nach ní taidlitís a n-anāla, RC xiii 448 = SG 314 .

Hence traverses, passes along: for in tsligid taidledsom, LL 120a7 ( RC iii 176 ). gāid dō co tairled in sligid dorisi, TBC-I¹ 587 . ni thaighledh an míol moighe an magh gan fios dó, ZCP x 279 . Of sexual intercourse: nir taigles fēin nā fer ele tusa (Joseph to Mary), 3 B 22, 73 b .

(b) In transf. and fig. sense: ca mēd rand . . . a taidlend in focul is cid? how many parts (of speech) does the word `cid' come under?, Laws v 4 Comm. do neoch taidleas feneochus di as far as the law touches it, 92 Comm. mar taidhles Galen sa .6. lebar de Morbo mentions (discusses?), 3 C 19, 37 ra 28 . nar tagaill se an pecad sin . . . o sin amach did not practise, indulge in, ZCP v 70.24 . Often folld. by la with refl. pron., esp. in ipv. tadall lat ille come hither, BDD 162 . tadall latt, a Ch.; ni adliub, ol C., RC iii 176 ( LL 120a19 ). taidlidh lib oc tuidecht, Trip.² 2911 . taraill leis (.i. do chuaid) isnaib glinnib, ACL iii 24 ( Trip.² 1683 ). taraill leis Ath Cliath visited, Trip. ii 466.18 . taraill a lám leiss in gipni his hand clasped the band, LU 6394 (TBC).

? dobais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dobais or dil.ie/17205

ind d.¤ do trethan ardatmba Brecan, Corm. Y 323 = dobur, LB. (Sobriquet) Feargas Gai d.¤ mac Fothaid Airgthig, Lec. 366b40 .

do-fúairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúairc or dil.ie/17694
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dufuairc, dofuáircc, fuargat, dosfuairc, dufuarr, docomar, ducomarr, du[n]fuarraid-ni, tuarrad, dufiurr, tiur[r], do-fíurad, docomart, tuart, do-sn-ort, dofuart, dosrort, do-fuarcar, tuargatar, dofuaircitis, contuartis, ducomart, tuarti, túartae, túarcon, tua(i)rc-, adraimm, arbaimm

v (* to-org-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 590 . See GOI 532 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. dufuairc, Ml. 84b12 . dofuáircc (rel.), Wb. 10d6 . 3 pl. du fuargat , Ml. 85b6 . Ipv. 2 s. dosfuairc, Anecd. i 5.6 . Subj. pres. 3 s. dufuarr, Ml. 48c31 . (With perfective particle) docomar, 23d5 . ducomarr, 85c3 . (See GOI 394 . ) 2 pl. cia du[n]fuarraid-ni , 78d7 . Impf. 3 s. arna tuarrad , 121d17 . Fut. 1 s. dufiurr, 113a11 . in tiur[r] , ZCP x 46.3 . 3 pl. do-fíurad (-at, v.l.), BDD² 1295 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. docomart, 45a11 . tuart, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28 § 18 . do-sn-ort, 17 § 4 . dofuart, LL 14188 . dosrort, SR 3398 . Pass. pres. sg. do-fuarcar, O'Mulc. 424 . Ipv. pl. tuargatar, Ml. 86d22 . Impf. pl. dofuaircitis, Sg. 184b3 . Subj. impf. pl. contuartis, Ml. 54a18 . Perf. s. ducomart, 111b18 . Vbl. of necess. tuarti, 126c18 . Part. túartae. Vn. túarcon. Later as simple vb., stem tua(i)rc-.

(a) Grinds, crushes (by trampling, striking, etc.); beats, pounds, buffets (usually of repeated or continuous action). In O.Ir. glosses transl. atterere, deterere, proterere (passim); triturare, Wb. 10d6 ; pulsare, Ml. 54a18 . cu ra-thuairge (ut retundes), Gild. Lor. 149 . tuarcain dofuaircitis inna grán la arsidi with which corn used to be crushed, Sg. 184b3 . adraimm (leg. arbaimm?) tuarggar for lar the corn which is trampled on the floor, Laws iv 314.18 . dofuarcar al-lār n-āthae, O'Mulc. 424 . amail tuairgith na mná an líon scutch flax, BS 34 . dos-comart uman mol, Fing. R. 881 ; 'then he crushed them about the shaft ' Celtica xv 61 . is ann dochomart a chnáim, RC xxiii 327 § 22 . tuaircfid in ben do cheann (= conteret caput tuum, Gen. iii 15 ), Lec. 530a47 . túargit a n-ette ria toeb strike (flap) their wings, RC xxi 384 . ratuairced sciath Conchobuir co rogésestair was battered, CRR § 35 . dofuarcatís in talam, Alex. 721 . robuail a basa ┐ rothuairc a h-ucht, MR 72 . níor thuairgeas mh'ucht d'iarraidh maithmhe, TSh. 5991 . nostuarcend cách araili díb (of combatants), FB § 40 . ro[t]tuairgestar mar thuargther iasc for ganmig, RC xiv 408 § 19 . act nib tarrsna dofuarcartur enech i n-einech (of threshers threshing opposite each other), Laws iii 220 (with gl. acht nib tarrsna indligthech tuairces cach dib aighidh re aighidh in fir aile, 222 ). cor-thuaircset he dia ṅdornu, PH 2143 . mōr ceand caistrillsech dochomortatar claidib, Alex. 134 . aon dona clochaibh dia rotuairgedh Steffan martir was stoned, Fl. Earls 194 . ilar casrach ngarbthened, ilar ndlúm . . . tuarcat, SR 903 . can tic tuili trethan tuaircc | lethan cuairdd fo betha barcc?, 7901 . tuaircfetsa o anbthine longa in mara, PH 7041 . romt[h]uairg snechta ar sleibh mhic Sin, BS 120 .

(b) Often like Engl. smite, crush of slaying, destroying: annudacomart [a] chlaideb gl. gladio caedente, Ml. 36d9 , 83b4 , 84b12 , 85c3 . ríg Connacht cáem doscomart, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 . rothuairc féin in cath fo chóic, LL 4422 . rothuairc treoit Tesaldai, Alex. 73 . ? dochomairt flaith nAlban do Gaedelaib, Rawl. 148b13 . doortsadar deamhna fear dia muindtir, BB 38b1 = doortatar demna fer do muntir hItha, Lec. 27a15 . docomartatar in fhidbaid cut down, Alex. 698 . In fig. sense: ? dosrocht gorta . . . dosrort fri fodla fodard, SR 3398 . domchommart a chuma grief for him has crushed me, LL 123b17 . tuir ┐ túatha . . . dosfúartha fon golgaire were overwhelmed with noisy grief, Metr. Dinds. iii 212 .

(c) compresses, amasses : do-fuaircet noí cuill cainmeso for Segais i sídaib 'which the nine hazels of fine mast at Segais in the síde amass' Ériu xxxii 66 § 11 .

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs, Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor, Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci, ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

fithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithis or dil.ie/22253
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fithise, fithissi, ḟidissib

n i, (ī ?) f. also fithise (usual Mid. Ir. form)

(a) a circular course, circuit, orbit (?) : ind f.¤ tēte in peccad, issí tē[te] in pian, Ml. 28c19 . sechis oín f.¤ (gl. uno tractatu) of daily course of sun, 42c30 . a p. fithissi, Thes. ii 31.23 (gl. circuli absidas, with further note : abside graece circulus interpretatur). tre fithisi (gl. per tractus) Lib. Hymn. 76 ( Goid. 70 ). rí rogni ... iarna fithis firmimeint in its revolution (?), along its course (?) SR 278 . dofuit sís arithisi | trethan ... connach fess a fithissi, 8115 . a ndul iar fithisi fecht | doridisi i tír nEgept, 3535 . dochum nĒrenn dodfetis | aingil Dé hi fithisi used to lead him back (lit. in a circuit) Hy ii 13 .

(b) a channel, passage: fithisi .i. sēda, Lec. Gl. 77 . Esp. a tortuous or covered one: cor línad lais na dúine ┐ na fithise ... ┐ na tige talman, LB 116a19 , apparently of souterrains used as store-chambers , cf. líontar lée leastra lána | go bhḟidhisibh forlána, ML 10.20 (of storage; v.l. fithechaib, ficheadhaibh, ML² 149 ). i fidhisibh in talman, CCath. 1842 . i fidisibh [fitisibh, figisibh v.l.] a srona nostrils 958 . (of a horse) linn righin a cosmailes gelain uighe tuitis a fighisibh na sróna 'a thick suppuration like white of egg which occurs in the nostrils', Celtica ii 32 § 5 . dúnad figised a corp, LB 156b57 . dúnadh fidhisiodh ┐ slighthe an fuail, 23 K 42, 161.4 . nis fargaibh siomh ... fithisi ināit conairedha nāid easrusa élúdha gan lucht feithmhe ... forra, Hugh Roe 208.11 (f. 55b) . Fig. : amra in indeoin ... | dorala for m[ḟ]ithisi (sic leg., see ZCP vi 241 ) which has chanced on my path (?) Fél. 76.9 . iarna forcetul ... o ḟorcetlaib diadaib ┐ o ḟidissib aingelacdai, LB 232b56 (a mistake for fissidib or físsib? Cf. o ḟidissib nemdai, 233a18 , with punctum delens under d, and MR 8.13 cited under fís). fithisi .i. dlige ut est ise tiachtain itir na da fithisi, no itir na da conair, O'Curry 576 (< H 3.18, 286 ). O'Curry 2045 ( H 4.22, 61b , itir na fithiseo). Cf. is e tiachtain etir in di fithisi .i. duine robu cunnail ina bethaigh ┐ is cunnail fri bas ┐ dobeir aithrighi ┐ condaig dilgud bid innraic a gnim gid im[a] les fein cid im les neich aile, O'Curry 2094 (< H 4.22, 73b ). O'Curry 1245 (< H 3.18, 500½ ). Cf. O'Curry 2099 . is faenan cuma coicertas fir in fenechuis asa fit[his]ibh in re cindter ..., BCrólige § 66 Comm. ? hi fithise rig .i. i n-aigillne rig. O'Curry 472 (< H 3.18, 247 ). dilis cach forloscad fedar a figisib rig. roniacht elogh, O'Curry 455 (< H 3.18, 242 ) = a fithnisib, O'D. 1699 (< H 2.12, no. 8. 1 ).

(c) a loop or ring (of metal or other material) ? Here perhaps: coru drebraing in domun fri fidisi riagla ┐ dismirechta noeb, ar it árid dogairter, LU 899 (= ACC 68 ). mocoil ┐ fithisi ōir im cach ṅdual dia fult, YBL 118a39 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 176 ). ar fertsib ┐ íallaib ┐ fithisib ┐ folomnaib don charpat, LU 6482 (`Bogen' Wind., TBC-LL¹ p. 376 ). ceṅglais d'ḟertsib ┐ d'ithisib ┐ d'iallaib in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1324 , 1336 . Cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait, O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 .

See fithnais (end of art.).

1 formna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 formna or dil.ie/23781
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: formnu, formnu, formnae, formnai, formnada, formnai, formnaib

n io, m. originally n. (formna ndagduíne, Ériu xlv 11 § 4 ). d s. formnu, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). LU 9762 . LL 282b33 . a p. formnu, SR 3992 . formnae, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). formnai, Gild. Lor. 161 . Acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 92 from formuin `upper back'. In texts the distinction between sing. and pl. is often obscured by later spelling. n p. formnada is found in late texts (BB, MR).

(a) in lit. sense shoulder, shoulders: na formnai , gl. humeros Gild. Lor. 161 . gen scieth ... for a formnai, RC xii 96 § 127 . samalta ┐ orsnáth cach finna ... dara formna síar, LU 6546 . claideb ... iarna formnu a ... sword hanging from his shoulder TBC-I¹ 3203 = c. iarna formna; formnai 3276 ; 3287 (= c. bara chliu; iarna thaebdruimm, TBC-LL¹ 5340 , 5389 ). seissiur ingen ... ┐ tuignech futairli forro go f.¤ a ngualann, Acall. 5028 . da gilla ... ┐ tuighnech ... forro co formnaib a ngualann, 3745 . ar righthibh a[r] formnaibh fer ronruccadh isin righthegh, ZCP viii 219z . togaibh G., ... ┐ cunnaibh re t'ucht ... ┐ re t'[ḟ]ormna, vi 27.21 . snigis tromṡnechta ... cor ránic co formnu fer, MU² 307 ( LL 264a33 ). co roiched fuil formnada fer, BB 420a50 . go n-éirghe fuil ósna formnaibh, TD 16.67 . ic brudh a formnadh ┐ a cloiccend, CCath. 5758 . atchuala C. fúaim ind usci fri formnaib in miled, RC xiv 422 § 41 ( LL 110b36 ). Of animals: toccbais bleidhmíl ... a fh.¤ a n-airde uas trethan na ttonn back BNnÉ 61 § 83 (of the `fish-island' cf. b). da natraigh ... ┐ a formnada ┐ a cind a n-airde, Aen. 487 .

(b) transf. back, surface, of land, etc. and esp. of the open sea: Arand ... tadall fairge re a f.¤ , Acall. 340 . f.¤ cacha fuinn, MR 100.16 . formna fērtlachtmara ... cacha bruighe 100 z . anmanda ... for a f.¤ (of an island), Anecd. i 53 § 23 . ráncatár formnae na fairgge, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). co mbátár for formnu na fairrce, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). o ro siachtatar f.¤ na farge, LL 283a18 . co ra leth ... dar f.¤ na fairggi (of a mist) LL 235b35 ( TTr. 1394 ). sochtsat for f.¤ na fírfairge, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.16 . Cf. ... a dondúathróic ndondlethair ndegsúata do f.¤ cethri ndamseched, LU 6422 = TBC-LL¹ 2561 (`Schulter' Wind.).

(c) top, highest part, extremity (possibly: ... formni gil, Thes. ii 292.11 comes here, but cf. LU 3036 , under d below); co féice ┐ co f.¤ na bruidne, SG 178.4 (om. Laud, Acall. 3799 ). o ṡiothbaca a ṡāl co f.¤ a chean[n]mhullaig MR 260.5 . ro thormaighetar na toirthe co nach fuilngitis formnada forghablanna fiodhbaidh fothaib so that the branching tree-tops could no longer support their weight (?) 100.17 . Laignig ... i costad in catha sin | na formnaib na iarculaib in van and rear 188.13 .

(d) fig. apex, climax, perfection: cléthe .i. f.¤ nó int art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine ut est ... co clethi fine ... .i. co f.¤ na fine, O'Dav. 486 . Aed mac Fidaig f.¤ nert, ZCP iii 262.15 . is rí Fiachna f.¤ gil, LU 3036 = SG 235 (perhaps in lit. sense, cf. Thes. ii 292 cited at beginning of c above). f.¤ síne samraidh, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 39 . diamad ḟer i f.¤ [fornna MS.] a aíse the prime of life TTr.² 1500 . luid dar f.¤ lái acht súail `it has almost passed the shoulder of the day' (i.e. mid-day ?) RC xiv 414.10 ( LL 109b19 ). iar ndul ... i f.¤ a feasa ... ┐ i muinighin a dea ┐ a eolusa, RC xliii 48 § 46 , cf. condighsedh i formnai a dhána `apex (?) of his art', Lism. L. 2303 (see Keat. ii 5446 ff ).

(e) Folld. by part. gen. the choice, the best part, occas. passing into sense the greater part (cf. forglu, sect. c): slechtais L. ... co formnu fer nErend do P., LU 9762 . boí ... día farsingi in tige i tallastár f.¤ lāth ngaile in chōicid, 8739 ( FB 55 ). f.¤ flathi fer nErend, LU 9741 ( RC vi 164 ). .xxx. láech de formnu sluaíg na cathrach, LL 282b33 . f.¤ bó fer ┐ ech TBC-LL¹ 4194 . co ffargaibhset f.¤ a ngregha, AFM ii 738.4 . In pl.: Conaire ... co formnaib fer nErend n-imbi, LU 6915 ( BDD 52 ). So in chevilles: nir línaib fer, formnaib snas SR 5633 . batar ḟlaithi formnaib sell | for .u. coicedaib Herenn, Rawl. 156b36 . formnaib dāl ib. 43 . f.¤ .i. imat ut est f.¤ taircetail, H 3.18. 653 (cf. ... dicetul faidhe f.¤ tairceta, O'Dav. 817 ). f.¤ .i. imad no forgla ut est ... formnaib ech n-allmuire, O'Dav. 927 . ? slog find forderg formnib ech, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 , `for multitudes of horses', Leahy i 182 ).

in muir mor ... ro dáil rí grene ... for formnu féne Forainn SR 3992 may belong to this but sense (a) would suit both passages.

(f) f.¤ casbairdne name of a metre IT iii 89 § 118 .

íriu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íriu or dil.ie/29063

Forms: íriu, íre, hírinn, írind, iri, írenn, írend, hirind, íre, írínd, írind, írinn, ire, ireann

n n, f. n s. ind íriu , Ériu ii 192.8 . íre, O'Curry 1591 (< 23 Q 6, p. 2a ). hírinn, ZCP xi 85.14 . a s. írind, LU 8711. iri, Rawl. 73a21 . g s. írenn, SR 2234. írend, LU 10561. d s. hirind, Laws i 258.7 . dind íre , Fél. Ep. 26. n p. írínd, Laws iv 124.27 Comm.

land, earth, soil ; the earth, the world: iriu .i ferann, ut est besaé i.¤ isahé dire .i. inti isa hé in ferann is les eneclann in gait neich (an gait nech, v.l.) ass, O'Dav. 1079 = besa hé íre asa hae dire, O'Curry 1591 (< 23 Q 6, p. 2a ). irraind .i. ferann, ut est na brúchta ith oichne iraind (? leg. a irind) ... .i. nocha bruchtand foichne in etha isin ferann `that a corn-blade may not spring forth from land,' O'Dav. 1080 (irraind scribal error for írind or írinn, W.S.). ad-mestar hírinn asa ilménib : méin oír, méin airgit ..., ZCP xi 85.14 . ni abail i.¤ (.i. tir) an fuid ces ... .i. ní eiplenn a tír o neoch na bi a foss, O'Curry 430 (< H 3.18, p. 233b ). aithgabala ... for duiniu, for hirind, for marbdilib, for beoceathraib, Laws i 258.7 . oldas a tir .i. oldas in fearand dara tairngithir e, ind ire (sic leg., Plummer MS. notes) o tobur co lind, iv 208.18 Comm. uair isa nírínd (? leg. isat n-írind) do cach ceathra they are lands for every cattle, Laws iv 124.27 Comm. or perh. read : it sain-írínd ... they are special lands for all cattle. for nem a conrúalae | cech laithe dind íre `what has gone to heaven every day from the earth,' Fél. Ep. 26. romṡóerae, á Íssu, | ar cech ulc for íre (: díle), 450 . trethan dilenn os cach maig | is mor n-írenn rocechlaid, SR 2234. dorat Abram a chomarbus huili eter iri ┐ indile do Isaac, Rawl. 73a21 . fortacrith in n-írind, LU 8711. oc collud a n-hírend destroying their land (of birds that had grazed the land and left it bare), 10561 . cóemchlód fri drochḟerann (-írind, v.l.), Triads 72. glē lim nī forlaig hí.¤ | oc rīg sēt bat n-amradar `earth never has hidden ...,' Fianaig. 16 § 39. forrabae crith in uli talmuin ... co rolaa ind í.¤ a clocha ┐ a cranda i n-arde, Ériu ii 192.8 . nī ma tulaid for īrind | nech nā dēna āindīdin upon earth, ZCP xii 297 § 13. fo thuinn írenn iar n-éccaibh `beneath the surface of the clay ...,' TFrag. 200.6 . irionn .i. fearann, O'Cl. ire, ireann ` ground, land, field ,' O'R.

maidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidid or dil.ie/31300
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maided, maidid, muidid, fors[a]-maid, forsa-moith, resa-maid, máith, rumaith, maides, maiti, maitti, maidi, maidti, muitti, mutti, maidit, madit, muidit, máis, má, mæ, mai, maidsed, maidfed, con-roimsitis, memais, mebais, mmema, mema, roima, con-memsam-ne, mebusmet, mensat, memsat, memsad, mmebsat, mbebsat, memsite, con-mebsad, mebsaitis, memaid, mmemaid, mmebaid, ro-m-memaid, mebaid, rróemid, rroímid, roimidh, ráemid, rraimid, rommid, remid, remaidh, reimidh, rimheadh, raoimhidh, raeimeadh, memdaitir, memdatar, mebdatar, mebatar, mebhadar, mhebhatar, roimdeta, con-róemtatar, maidter, mater, mebais, meb-, mheabhas, mheabtaís, meba, mebat, mebaidh, meabhai, mebsat, meabhsattar, romhebadh, — mébas, — mébad, maid-, moid-, maidi, muidhi, maidfid, muidhfes, muigfis, maidfit, maidfed, maidhis, moidis, maid, maid, muidh, moigh, maidset, muidhset, moigsed, mhuigheadar, muidfer, muided, maedhed, muid-, maoidh-, maidm, ma, maidhis, maitti, maidter, maíded

v i. s-subj. and fut., redupl. pret. Forms. Imp. 3 s. maided, Wb. 7c4 . Pres. 3 s. maidid, LU 3720 ( SCC 33 ). muidid, LB 127a8 . fors[a]-maid, Ml. 115d12 . forsa-moith, 110d10 . resa-maid, TBC-I¹ 3575. ni máith , Corm. Y 419. (perfective) rumaith, Ml. 51c9 . rel. maides, TBC-LL¹ 4689. With pron. aff.: maiti, LU 4925 (= maithi, TBC-I¹ 440 ). maitti, LU 5201 , 6666 ( TBC-I¹ 723 , 2127 ). maidi, maidti, Ériu iii 141.202 , 203 . muitti, LU 1582 ( IT ii2 212.3 ), 6212 ( TBC-I¹ 1722 ). mutti, 1523 ( MU 52 ), 5940 ( TBC-I¹ 1474 ). 3 pl. maidit, IT i 105.13 . madit, Ériu ii 122.4 . muidit, iii 138.100 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. máis, LL 238b38 , 239a15 ( TTr. 1625 , 1647 ). mani má , LU 7121 ( BDD 80 ). Corm. Y 70. mona mæ , TBC-LL¹ 4754 , cf. 4979 , 5579 (for fut.). ní mai , Anecd. ii 31.4 .

Subj. impf. 3 s. no maidsed , TBC-LL¹ 830 , 840 (for cond.; leg. maidfed?) 3 pl. con-roimsitis, TBC-I¹ 3618.

Fut. 3 s. memais, Trip. 138.7 . SR 4705. mebais, 8320 . co mmema , LU 6099. ní mema , Ml. 89c11 . mani roima (for subj.), ib. 2 pl. con-memsam-ne, TBC-I¹ 3578. mebusmet, IT ii2 247.6 . 3 pl. co mensat (leg. memsat), LU 6097 = co memsad , TBC-I¹ 1626. co mmebsat , LU 6092 = co mbebsat , TBC-I¹ 1620. rel. memsite, TBC-I¹ 3087.

Cond. 3 s. con-mebsad (for subj.), TBC-LL¹ 5881. 3 pl. mebsaitis, TBC-I¹ 3547.

Pret. 3 s. memaid, SR 4765. Trip. 194.15 . co mmemaid , TBC-I¹ 578 = co mmebaid , LU 5066. ro-m-memaid, Ml. 127d6 . Mon. Tall. § 72. ro mebaid , SR 6913 , 6953 . co rróemid , LU 7946 ( BDD 157 ) = cu rroímid , BDD² ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. viii ). co roimidh , AU 946. co ráemid , LU 9605 ( ZCP iii 206.18 ). co rraimid , IT i 76.5 . co rommid , Trip. 8.17 . co remid , AU 920 (p. 442.11) , 1016 . co remaidh , 995 , 998 , 1003 . co reimidh , AFM v 1536.9 . go rimheadh , ii 808.3 . go raoimhidh , ii 580.14 . go raeimeadh , vi 2040.10 . 3 pl. memdaitir, LU 5316 ( TBC-I¹ 839 ). memdatar, Corm. Y 950. ro mebdatar , SR 2522. ro mebatar , Alex. 31 , and so in late texts: cor mebhadar , CCath. 2031 , 2125 . ro mhebhatar , Lism. L. 2972. co roimdetar, Ériu ii 30.16 . con-róemtatar, Anecd. iii 61.9 .

Pass. pres. maidter, TBC-I¹ 3573. subj. pr. má[n]a mater , TTr.² 85.

1 in Mid.Ir. the 3 s. fut. mebais is occasionally used as a pret., e.g. LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ), Lism. L. 4051 , RC xiii 8.3 , and gives rise to a conjugation with stem meb-: Pres. 3 s. rel. mheabhas, Content. vi 68. Impf. 3 pl. no mheabtaís , BS 36.28 . Subj. pr. 3 s. dia meba , Ériu v 236.80 . 3 pl. mebat, Lat. Lives 106.4 . Fut. 3 s. mebaidh, Cog. 90.9 (= mébaidh?), cf. 144.7 . memaid for Cenél Conaill 'he will defeat Cenél Conaill', B. in Scáil² 43 § 43 . hi meabhai , BNnÉ 16.23 . Pret. 3 pl. ro mebsat , Lat. Lives 106.8 . meabhsattar, BNnÉ 84.7 . Pass. pret. romhebadh, Lism. L. 1550 , 1553 . — mébas, Alex. 212 ; — mébad, LB 129b32 seem intended for 3 s. rel. fut. and cond. respectively.

2 the pres. stem maid- (muid-, moid-) is used in Mid.Ir. to form subj., fut. and pret.: Subj. 3 s. mana maidi , TBC-I¹ 3577. dā muidhi , Fianaig. 84.14 . Fut. 3 s. maidfid, SR 6492. (rel.) muidhfes, Aen. 2451. muigfis, 2454 . 3 pl. maidfit, LU 9615 (wrongly máid-, ZCP iii 208 § 8 ). Cond. 3 s. no maidfed , SR 5036. Pret. 3 s. maidhis, AU i 532.5 , ii 72.3 . moidis, Lat. Lives 71.13 . ro maid , TBC-I¹ 774. diar' maid , SR 5582. ro muidh , AU 1022 , 1024 . corro moigh , Anecd. iii 37.6 . 3 pl. ro maidset , TBC-LL¹ 3824. ro muidhset , ZCP xi 62.4 . ro moigsed , xii 292.21 . do mhuigheadar , ML 96.2 . Pass. fut. muidfer, RC x 184.8 . pret. ro muided , ZCP viii 561.12 . nar' maedhed , Gorm. Dec. 8 . The stem muid- occas. becomes maoidh- in late texts.

vn. maidm.

In lit. sense breaks, bursts , intrans. but in 3 s. pres. occas. used with affixed reflex. pron. ma .i. briseadh, O'Cl. (3 s. subj. pr.). maidhis .i. brisis, ib. Eg. Gl. 458.

I Used like `bris(s)id' in the idiom: maidid (in cath, etc.) re (ria) A for B (the battle) breaks before A on B = A defeats B.

(a) with subj. expressed: nach comland i mbeithi, memais foraib ye shall be routed, Trip. 138.17 . co roemid in cath . . . for slog Filistín, SR 5891. cor mebaid in cath ria Concobar for Eochaid C. won the battle over E., Ériu ii 180.13 . muidit secht catha re nOsseirge for na Déise, iii 138.100 . mad romaib muigfis in cath-sa for Tuirnn, Aen. 2454. ní mai cath . . . riana gnúis may he never win battle, Anecd. ii 3 § 2 . ni ḟitir cia fora mébad in cath who would be defeated, LB 129b32 = cia fors-maidfid, SR 6492. memaith for Dál nA. in cath sin, ZCP viii 314.13 . Similarly with maidm as subj.: ro muid sruth-maidm . . . forro they were driven helter-skelter, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ceithri tuathao . . . fora roémsat tri madmand who were thrice routed, 4.11 . viii 115.3 .

(b) with omission of subj.: in tan ro mmemaid re nAbracham forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 , cf. 89c11 . ria n-aṅgliu . . . mebais for demnu the angels will defeat the demons, SR 8320 , cf. 5582 . memaiss for Aed re nAed (a prophecy), ZCP xii 232 § 43. tic Labraid . . . ┐ mebais riam forsna slógu he defeated, SCC 36. mad romut máis . . . mad fort maides, LL 332c57 , 60 . maidhis for Gallu, AU 1014. dirsan flaith forsa-roemid, RC xxxvi 262 § 10 . dursan rī forsar-maig, Cog. 32.24 = fors-rœmidh, AFM i 508.17 . Galam ar nar raimhidh ríamh who was never worsted, Leb. Gab.(i) i 238.18 . With advbl. phrase denoting direction, the notion of flight being implicit: maidti forru sair co hAndobor they are routed, Ériu iii 141.203 . muiti riasna buaib fors[n]a linni she is driven before (by) the cattle to the pools (?), TBC-I¹ 1722. ro memaid ria maccaib Cathail as Indiu co lLuachair, LL 275b1 . ro mebaid forsna Troiándu docum a cathrach, TTr.² 1567. Fig.: go ro mheabhaidh for a ghlór till his voice gave way, AFM vi 2288.1 . meabhaidh ar mo ghuth ón ghol, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.40 . da muidhi hi cond céilli `if they be worsted in sense and reason', Fianaig. 84.14 .

(c) occas. with LA or other prep. of victor: brister immairecc fairsom et maided fair lib let him be routed by you, Wb. 7c4 . for Oilill . . . meabais la Dal nAraidhi O. will be defeated by D., MacCarthy 396.27 . meabaidh lais a lochtaidhe `his guilt was vanquished by him', Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.12 . con-róemtatar dā chath huad forru, Anecd. iii 61.9 . ro mebatar ilchatha fria Pilip, Alex. 31 , where fria prob. = ria of l. 30 representing the prep. ria, re `before'.

(d) maidid de (do) x = x is routed, put to flight, and in wider sense, flees, (or without notion of flight) rushes: maidid día muntir-seom for teched, TBC-I¹ 1476. mutti dont slóg immi di cach leith the host rushes about him (of an ambush), 1474 . go ro memaid do graigib Gaedel the horses of the G. broke loose, TBC-LL¹ 3823 , cf. 3826 , 6065 . ro mebaid do na Págánda the pagans were routed, PH 7266. gur mhúigh do na Gallaib d'iarraidh a long, Ériu i 87.11 . With subj. expressed: cor memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb triasin cath (= they made a brilliant charge), CRR 34. do mhuigh bloiscbhém bodhba do na cathoibh cechtardha a ccenn a chéle, ITS v 184.25 . meabhaidh maidhmh díobh gus na scoraibh, Hugh Roe fo. 39a .

II In personal construction:

(a) in physical sense breaks (= is broken), bursts, gives way: mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4754 , TBC-I¹ 3577. maidid cridi cech duni dia seirc, SCC 33. ni máith cridhe cē chīe, Corm. Y 419 = Bruchst. i § 96.6 . madit a shuili inna cinn, Ériu ii 122.4 . co mmemaidh a chenn frisinn ailich, Lat. Lives 53. ro memaid coss ind ríg i ndó, Mon. Tall. § 72. co mbeba do ser fout, IT ii 247.8 . notgēb-sa im ladair co mbebsat [mmebsat LU] t'asnai, TBC-I¹ 1620. maitti immi-seom in dabach, LU 5201 = maiti . . . dabaich, TBC-I¹ 991. in bail . . . hi meabhai [a mbeabh v.l.] iris bhar tteighi liubair, BNnÉ 16 § 26. mebais ind roth ramhuch (a prophecy), ZCP x 343.26 . co ráemid in cholcid, LU 10478 (Tochmarc Emere). co raimdetar úammand a cholcthech the seams . . . burst, TBC-LL¹ 109. na craobha no mheabhtaís fó a chosaibh, BS 36.28 . mani má do á unless thy car break, Corm. Y 70 (cf. Ériu xi 43 ). memdaitir a carpait leu oc comroc, TBC-I¹ 839. meabhsattar na tri glais the three bolts burst, BNnÉ 84.7 . corro moigh bernn ind a gap was broken, Anecd. iii 37.6 .

(b) of persons, is routed, flees; rushes, makes a dash: maidti munter Fhergusa hi teiched, maidti Ailill i n-a ndiaidh F.'s people take to flight, A. gives them chase, IT ii2 210.66 (LL = maitte, Eg.). [ni]con-memsam-ne de sund we will not flee from this spot, TBC-I¹ 3578. maidit na sluaig for na dorsi . . . maidit immach assind liss, IT i 105.13 , 16 . muidig [= muidid] N. futha-san mar luas [fh]aindile, ZCP xiii 213.2 . memaid saithe . . . siardess co Mondornd, viii 308.14 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 278.20 . mebdatar a n-noí díib they (Síl Cuinn) fled in a ship (?), ZCP viii 313.35 , a confusion with the construction I (d).

(c) of things, bursts forth, gushes, springs up, arises: ro mebdatar [sruamma] tria thalmain, SR 2522. co rommid topar usque ass, Trip. 8.17 = Lat. Lives 44. mebais trethan dar cach tír the sea will break over every country, RC xxvi 48 § 251 . ro meabatar na da loch, Leb. Gab.(i) i 74.10 . i n-aimsir N. ro mhuidhsiod na locha so, Keat. i p. 176 . ro mhuidhset teora tipraite . . . assin talmain, Fl. Earls 210.3 . ro mebaid loim cráo dar a bél, CRR 12. co roimidh salchur a chinn dar a chluasaib immach, Cáin Ad. § 14. is aíble tened moidit trem chroicenn, Lat. Lives 84. co maiged a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib in tshlebi amach, Aen. 142. ro mebutar .xiiii. [diasa do chruithnecht] a muigib na Bethile sprang up, LB 133a5 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha in n-áen breó lasrach burst into flame, exploded, AFM vi 2012.8 .

Further extensions: mebais a fháitbiud gáire for Fergus F. burst out laughing, CRR 18. gur mhaoidh orruinn gean gáire, Oss. vi 8.19 . ro maidh a cai for in n-apach the corpse began to wail, CCath. 4218. gor muidh a déra tar a gruadaibh, 4219 . S. Franciscus forar mhuidhset coic crechta (of the stigmata), Fl. Earls 162.18 . Cf. also: mebais din boilgg innocht `it will burst from the boil' (? the boil will burst or disappear, cf. I (d)), Ériu iv 32.4 .

(d) rarely in late texts, with FOR (AR), breaks, vanquishes: scél fár mheabhuigh sé ar an síth `with which he shattered the peace', Ériu iv 214.3 . a ghrasaigh ghloin do mhuidh ar mhídhúilibh, Ó Bruad. i 24 § 9.

III Trans. breaks, defeats, shatters (in physical and fig. sense); an uncommon use chiefly in pass., perh. due to the form maitti (= maidid -i) being taken as pret. pass. maidter rempi fo thri, TBC-I¹ 3573. xxx. cath ro mhebadh roime, Lism. L. 1550. maoidhtear rompa, Keat. i 204.5 . la Machair nar maedhed (.i. ó Diabhal), Gorm. Dec. 8. ó rom-maidh an scél (`the calamity having shattered me', O'Gr. Cat. ), Acall. 862. ? athgabail fir muides muilend `who breaks the rule respecting the mill', Laws i 194.27 . don fir isa soc ro mebadh `whose ploughshare was broken', 200.6 Comm. clann nar mhuidh móid who broke not covenant, Content. iv 36. a mheic Máire nach muidh mionn, Ir. Monthly 1928, 39.44 . ? nā maidid [maidigh, maigid MSS.] in t-echt noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil `let him not do the deed until he has three times kept his breath', Mer. Uil. 134 , cf. 137 ; perh. intrans. = II (c) above, if this vb.; leg. maíded = moíded?

noíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. noíb or dil.ie/33244

Forms: noíb, noeb, noíb, noíb, noeb, noiba, noíbu, noíb, noibaib, noeb, noem, naeb, naem, noíb, noem, naem(h), naomh, náoime, náoimh, náomha, noíb, noemu, noemu, noím

adj o, ā. O.Ir. n s. noíb. noeb, Thes. ii 294.30 ( SP iv 4 ). g s m. noíb, Wb. 6d11 . n p m. (as subst.) ind noíb , 21c5 ; noeb, SR 441 , 8193 . a p m. noiba, Ml. 37b4 . (as subst.) noíbu, Wb. 7b2 , Ml. 37b16 (noibu). g p. noíb, Wb. 13c26 . d p. noibaib, 4c37 , Ml. 51a16 . In Ml. generally written without accent.

In early Mid.Ir. the commonest form of n s. is noeb (SR), with variants noem, naeb, naem (all of which occur in LU), naob ( Mon. Tall. 127.12 , 130.27 , 131.17 ), the form noíb being used in g s m. and n p m. Later noem prevails (commonest form in PH), giving way to naem(h) and mod. naomh. croch náom, IGT Dec. § 196 (g s f. náoime, d s f. náoimh, n p. náomha).

Of persons holy; of things sacred, consecrated; used both in inflected forms after a noun and as indecl. before one, the latter usage being common with proper names in the sense saint . In Glosses renders Lat. sanctus. is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294.30 . corrop noíb for n-anim, Wb. 16a21 . i mbethid noib a holy life, Ml. 74d9 . Críst macc Maire noíbe, Fél. Prol. 338 (noeime, nóebe v.l.). v s m. á rí noíb! ib. Ep. 37. v p m. a aithrecha noemu!, PH 19. v p f. a chaillecha noemu!, 3399 (for noema). Of things: huanaib aidmib noibaib ro batar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . for altórib nóebaib, Fél. Ep. 348. superl. cona chléir as nóebu, Fél. May 27 , cf. Jan. 20. Iacob as noíbem, July 14 . With npr.: itge ind noíb Thomáis, Dec. 21 (noeib v.l.). admuinemmar noeb Patraicc, Hy. iii 1. gnúis náem Míchil, PH 6389. sancta Brigida .i. noem Brigit, Lism. L. 1218 .

As subst. neut.: dugén a nnoib-sa I will do this holy thing, Ml. 69a21 . Very common as subst. m. and f. a holy person, a saint , in Mid.Ir. relig. lit. generally in technical sense either of a professed religious or of a saint; also applied to the spirits of the blest after death. ind noíb ata ellachti hi Crist, Wb. 21c5 . comthinól inna noíb, ib. 7 . cech nóeb boí, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289. taithmet nóeb ṅ-óige, ib. 131 . naim íarthair in domain the saints of the western world, FA 4 ( LU 1973 = noím LB). ind aine . . . dos-forslaic [sic leg.] Colum C. for noebaib Herenn C.C. relaxed the fast for the religious of Ireland, Mon. Tall. 68. ag naomh nó ag ban-naomh, TSh. 1048 (of canonized saints). Of the elect in heaven: indocbáil inna noíb i nnim, Wb. 13c26 . na noeb is ind noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. ni fil . . . fíal . . . eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5. tír na naeb, 4 (LU = na noem LB). goirthear naoimh dona marbhaibh bhíos i bpurgadóir, TSh. 4868.

Compds.

(a) common. with nouns. in sense holy, sacred, pertaining to a saint or the Church , etc. ¤aingel: n p. noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196 § 13 . PH 8085. ¤ainm: nóebainm Petair apstail, Fél. Prol. 109. ¤apstal, Fél. May 30 . PH 1630. ¤arbar: muinter nimi noebarbar a holy host, SR 8255. co nóebairbrib aingel, Fél. Ep. 344. ¤canóin: g s. ina noebchanone, Hib. Min. 12.395 . ¤corp: ic foillsiugud na noemcorp, PH 1580 (of bodies of saints). naoimhchorp Antonius, Keat. iii 779 (leg. naomh-). ¤decheṅg `a holy pair', Fél. Nov. 21. ¤dúil a holy creature , Hy. v 41 (nóeb-). SR 7422. ¤epscop, Fél. Ep. 253. ¤erlam: naomhērlamh a holy patron, Ériu iv 236 y . Colum Cille an naoímhérlamh, AFM vi 1968.5 . ¤fis(s) : naoimhfhios, Keat. iii 466 (poem); a name given to the Senchas Mór. ¤fót: naomhfód (of site of a monastery), BNnÉ 262.24 . ¤gein holy offspring (child), Ériu i 122.16 (noeim-). ¤gérat holy champion , Fél. Aug. 4. ¤grád: noí noebgraid (of the celestial hierarchy), SR 1811. ¤ingen : i n-enccai nóebingen, Hy. vii 20. ¤itge, Fél. July 19 . Hy. v 92 . ¤légend: do néblégund sacred reading (literature), Mon. Tall. 25. ¤mairtirech: PH 6173. ¤máthir, Fél. Aug. 16. ¤muinter, Fél. May 13 . ¤nem: do noebnim, SR 312 , 6842 , 7116 . ¤óg (úag) f. a holy virgin: n p. nuíbhuaga, SR 441. nóemóga, LU 1991 ( FA 6 ). deich nóebóga, Fél. Feb. 28. drong nóebúag; ib. Ep. 252. i n-oentaid noemóg, PH 6172. ¤port: naomhport do Connachtoib (of a religious centre) BNnÉ 258.4 . ¤prainn: nóebphroinn cen ṡáith, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . nasadh naebhprainne, AFM i 514 x (poem) = Bruchst. i § 108 , where Meyer emends: nasad noíbrainne the assembly of the company of saints. ¤rath, SR 7154. ¤reilic: féil nóebreilce ṅ-úasal `of holy relics', Fél. Oct. 1. ¤rí, SR 7975. Ériu iv 236.4 . ¤riagal: fo noíbriaguil recht, SR 2339. ¤scríbend: a p. noimscribinna, Hib. Min. 3.87 ; ib. 82 (noeb-). ¤scriptuir: g s. noibscreptra, Hib. Min. 12.409 . ¤senchas : duain naoimhsheanchais of ecclesiastical history, Keat. iii 749. ¤spirut, Fél. Ep. 354. ¤tech: dochum naemtaigi sanctuary, church, Ériu v 120.22 . ¤teglach: Ériu i 122.34 (naob-). ¤tlacht, SR 1308. eter náemtlachtaib spirtáldaib nimi, LU 2473. ¤ trethan : n p. noebtrethna, SR 494. ¤trínóit: g s. na noemtrinoti, PH 1603.

In mod. lang. somet. forms a genuine compd. with noun, modifying the meaning of the latter; e.g. naomh-athair a Father of the Church, see TSh. 6715 , 8272 . naomh-athais blasphemy , defined as: athais do thabhairt o breithir do Dhia no do náomhaibh, Parrth. Anma 157.13 ; 71.19 ( Luc. Fid. 96.8 , 37.4 ).

(b) with adj.: neimhedh naem-ainglech, Acall. 500. nemh naemhcert `heaven of holy right', BNnÉ 268.4 . o ríg nime nóebfind, SR 5488. do ruirig nime nóebgil, 6886 . Noe nóebglan, 7302 . for nim noebnár, 782 . o ruirig nime noebuáig, 5878 , cf. fri loscud n-edpart noebúaig, 4262 (g p., form due to rhyme). ? naombrethach gach n-iardaighi .i. isi in naomad breath doberar do iaramdighe, 23 Q 6 p. 10a ( O'Curry 1637 ) = naoimbrethach, H 3.17 c. 439 ( O'D. 561 ); taken by glossator as a compd. of noí which, however, aspirates the follg. initial consonant in composition.

(c) exceptionally with vb.: co noebthanic Dia do nim, SR 2153. briathra lé naomhchoisrighther í with which it (the Eucharistic wafer) is consecrated, Ó Héodhusa 198.14 , cf. Parrth. Anma 209.16 , Luc. Fid. 133.1 , and the vn. naomhchoisreagadh, Parrth. Anma 211.3 , Luc. Fid. 134.7 .

1 réim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 réim(m) or dil.ie/34959

Forms: réimm, rréim, rem, reim, reim, remim, réim(m)enn, réim

n n, n. , later m. and f. (vn. of 1 réidid) Not in Glosses; a s. réimm occurs in a poem in Sg. 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ). n s. (with art.) a rréim sin, Fél. Oct. 16 . rem n-āga, LU 3602 ( IT i 216.18 ). reim n-án, SR 5223 . reim n-erreth, O'Mulc. 411 . d s. remim, SR 1634 . n p. réim(m)enn. In Mid.Ir. masc., also fem. (as ā-stem). réim m. and f. (g s. n p. -e), IGT Dec. § 45.7 .

(a) as vn. of 1 réidid, `going', movement, advance, course : (with objective gen.) ni ágor reimm Mora Minn don laechraid lainn I do not fear the coursing of the Irish sea by the fierce heroes , Thes. ii 290.5 . echraide i réim riadatar they advanced on horseback , ZCP viii 103.24 (B. na f.). bá socraid a rréim ronucset Ulaid do Cruachnaib, FB 42 . adconnaircset Aenias . . . ina chruaidhrem catha chucu, Aen. 3045 . toluidh B. in reimim do chum in tsítha, ZCP viii 104.10 (advbl. dat.). go rangatar ina reimim for a n-eachaibh, AFM vi 1922.10 . tiagait for a remim in chetna they proceed on their way , Ériu viii 157.3 . do éaluigh G. . . . 's níor bhfes do nech díobh a réim none of them knew whither he had gone , i 30.222 . cait a fuil Froech? . . . indis damh a reim roime, ZCP xiii 170.21 . dochuaid int ēn for foluamain fon reim sin i n-airdi aer, Aen. 1134 . Of streams, etc.: tarrasair in sruth 'na thoss | dia remim, SR 1634 . co n-acind a tráig 's a tuli ina réimim, ZCP v 497.1 . iar remendu ro-baissi divagations , Ériu iii 14 § 6 . fir Érenn . . . co rogail remenn reimib with valiant onward march , Leb. Gab.(i) i 110.20 . cain a cemend, rigdha a remend masa mordha, Anecd. i 61.6 (of a woman). (prov.) réim re hard, BNnÉ 286 § 274 (of a difficult undertaking). réim fri fogaist, TBC-LL¹ 2117 = drēm, TBC-I¹ 1505 , dréim St., prob. right reading. In sense of route, direction : techt i ndáil ailt Ulad . . . mairg ragas in réim, TBC-LL¹ 3273 . mairg cingis in reim rod-sain (i.e. to Hell), ZCP vi 265.5 .

(b) course, manner, way (of procedure, conduct, etc.): is ecsamail reim daonachta caich `the course of nature differs in each man', Mon. Tall. 63 . cindas do reimi-siu? ind hi lanamnus ataí? `what sort of life dost thou lead?' 21 . réim aósa lanamnasa `the course prescribed to a wedded couple', 50 . Conall . . . réil a reimend doings , LL 182b51 ( Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 24 ). fagbaid fear . . . re siubhal reacht is rēmionn (= for maintaining laws and customary procedure?), Duan. F. ii 158 § 17 . adeirim-si rit-sa | cach rí tic is tír-si, | cach réim tic ar Erinn, ZCP iii 31.30 (= period, régime? or dynasty, see d?). do choimhéadadar . . . an réim se an troisgthe course (system) of fasting , TSh. 8273 . gurab í réim an teaga[i]sg sin Chríosd choiméadas an Eagluis, Eochairsg. 85.13 . gurab móide do tuigfidhe réim na neithe-se `the sequence of these events', Keat. ii 4778 . i reim na beatha so, TSh. 108 . re faghbháil bháis . . . i dtús a réime, Keat. Poems 131 . réim `a course of life', Eg. Gl. 566 . In chevilles prob. course, procedure : luid fiad in rig rān, reim ṅdein, SR 2157 . feib tharṅgert duit, rem cen brath, 6359 . réim as díxu, Fél. Jan. 21 . bentar cluicc . . . ar Raghallcaibh, reim brighe `an effectual course', BNnÉ 285.23 . airgthear . . . Dún Con Raoi, fa réim uaibhreach `proud exploit!', Content. xxx 33 .

(c) transf. from advance of a troop to the troop itself, rank; in follg. exx. apparently of a band or company in marching order: tocumlat ass Ulaid . . . cach drong immá rig. cach réim immá rurig. cach buden immá túsech, FB 7 ( LU 8102 ). cach réim imma muirech, TBC-LL¹ 459 . rosláiset i ndrongaib ┐ buidnib ┐ remnaib . . . cech réim imma rígdamna, LL 220b36 ( TTr. 267 ). Hence prob. O'Cl.: réim .i. buidhean.

(d) series, succession, list : réim calne a series of calends , Fél. Prol. 306 . réim sruithe `a succession of elders', July 23 . is amlaid-se áirmiter i rréim rigraide na ríg, LL 26a26 (prob. of an official record). co mbeth airemh secht righ ndécc . . . ga ccor sa réim rioghraidhe, ZCP viii 108 x . i nduain an réme rioghraidhe `the poem which enumerates the kings', AFM iv 692 z . Réim Ríoghruidhe agus naoimhsheanchusa na hEirionn, O'Curry MS. Mat. 549.9 . gabhais [Níall] righe reimenn | Erenn ocus Alban `took troops (?) of the kingdoms' (? took the kingship of the royal lines or dynasties), Cóir Anm. 118 . gach rí do reim Fhíachach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 37 . do phóir-shliocht na réime ríogh, Keat. Poems 105 . fuath Echtair ┐ Aichil i comrac ┐ amal adorchair Echtair . . . Amal atconnairc Aenias in rem-sea forna delbaib that series (of events depicted), Aen. 319 . móirsheisear díobh . . . do ghabh ríghe . . . mar áirmheas réim na rolla `as the rolls record', Content. xxviii 38 .

(e) in grammar an inflected case of a noun ; often of the acc. case, the gen. and dat. being termed respectively taoibréim and tuillréim, but commonly of any form distinguished by inflection from the nom.; also of the inflecting process itself. is reim gach tuissel on ainmnid sis, Auraic. 4862 . esse remme `the essence of flection', 905 (defined: in bruudh fillti fogurda . . . otha in ainm[n]iudh n-uathaid co foxlaid n-ilair). ceithri gne for prois o reim . . . reim suin cen cheill cetumus .i. fer fir; reim suin ┐ cheilli .i. Fland Flaind; reim suin tantum Patraic Patraic; ┐ taebreim prosta .i. fadein, 872 , cf. 791 , 3608 . gach ainm . . . a n-anann a réim (i.e. every noun which has the same form for nom. and acc.), IGT Introd. § 81 . gach focal as a ttéid a réim (every noun which alters its form in declension), § 72 . `ag sin', `ag súd' is `ag so', comhchóir réim is ainm orra, § 128 (i.e. these phrases may be followed by either nom. or acc.). ní cóir focal . . . as a ttéid a réim a ndiaigh oibrighthi gan réim, § 78 (i.e. a noun with an inflected form for acc. must have it when obj. of a vb.). deiligther [trīath] ina rēmmenaib [remennu, LB]: trīath `rí' trēith a rēim, trīath `muir' .i. trethan a réim, trīath `torc' tréithi a rēim, Corm. Y 1202 (the different senses of `tríath' are distinguished by their gen. sing.). bol . . . buil a reim, 194 . tellur . . . tellrach a reim, O'Mulc. 868 .

(f) in prosody the terms réim filidechta and réim bairdne (distinguished from r.¤ proisi `inflection') appear to stand for alliteration of two kinds; see Auraic. 780 , 805 , 863 fg. , 3587 fg.

Compds. ¤dírech straight of course, direct (fig.) straightforward: mac rioghdha réimdírech, Anecd. iii 1.5 . go leanann go réimdhíreach san rian chéadna, TSh. 2390 . ¤dírge directness, straight direction : tiagait . . . i slíab Fhúait cach remdirgi by the most direct way , LL 105b21 . ¤dírgud: co roibhi coimhtinol na ceithri ngaeth ica reimdirgud driving it straight forward (of a ship), D IV 2 75ra7 . In AFM vi 2326.14 : acc réimshéducchadh a muintire . . . in gach conair dodhaing `to lead', we should prob. read reimhshédughadh.

1 rind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rind or dil.ie/35318
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: rinnd, rind, rind, renda, renna, renna, rindi, rinni, rinna, rínd, rend, rinnib, rennaib, rind, -a, rind, rind, rinn, rinn, gabalrínd

n i, m. n s. in rinnd , Wb. 13d25 (but: rind n-āga, TBC-I¹ 3269 = r.¤ āig, TBC-LL¹ 5330 ; rind n-imgona, TTr.² 828 ). g s. renda, Ériu xiii 74 § 175 . renna, Ériu v 72.23 . n p. renna, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . a p. rindi, Thes. ii 294.15 ( SP iii ). rinni, LU 3363 ( SCC 15 ). ? rinna, LL 328b53 . g p. rínd, BCr. 18d3 . rend, LU 1271 , 6418 ( TBC-I¹ 1903 ), TBC-LL¹ 2562 . rinde, Blathm. 11 . d p. rinnib, LU 10365 . rennaib, 1255 . TBC-LL¹, 1284 . rind m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 41.3 . rind f., § 149.11 .

(a) in general sense, a point, tip, apex : rind scine, Corm. Y 1119 . rind a (no i) crann a point in (of) a shaft , 1105 . rind, gl. cacumen , Ir. Gl. 1008 . rinn `a point', Eg. Gl. 227 ; synon. with corr, adharc, beann, corn, 119 . rinn `an atom, point, spot', 80 . Hence the point (of a weapon or sharp instrument): gl. aculeus, Wb. 13d25 . gabalrínd a pair of compasses (gl. circinus), BCr. 18d3 . rind snáthaite, TBC-LL¹ 4710 . coica bera ar a mbái rind, RC vii 300.157 ( LL. 207a26 ). eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 (renna v.l.). tricha sleag ba rúadh reanda, viii 230 § 19 . reanna sleagh, IGT Dec. ex. 1042 . Hence used for a spear or pointed weapon (esp. in pl.): maigen na áigder rindi spear-points , Thes. ii 294.15 . nín-gabat renna nō airm nō faebair, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni geibtis renna no il-fhaibair e, Cog. 194.5 . na fir-sea thecait anair cona rendaib, LU 1255 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.2 ). ro ringthea co rrindib, Fél. Prol. 37 . bás di (do) rind `death by point', a violent death; cf. docer in rí de ruadrind, LL 129a28 ( MacCarthy 194 § 2 ). gura[b] bás do rind nos-bera, LB 273a20 , cf. CCellaig 117 . fuair bás do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 , cf. 121 § 59 . go fuair a raghuin do rinn, Irish Texts ii 14 § 28 . tre rind ┐ faebar `by point and edge', by force of arms : ba tria rinn ┐ fhaebhar dus-fucc Ó D. ina mhuinteardhas, Hugh Roe 56.12 (f. 15b) . an tí dorad [Ó D.] ina chéillsine tria rinn ┐ fhaobhar, 274.14 (f. 73a) .

In wider sense, of pointed things: da beind for tri fichtib rend two antlers with three score points , LU 1271 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.18 ). tenga co n-imut renn fuirri prickles , Marco P. 162 . lé rinn diamond a diamond point , Jerem. xvii 1 . sech rennaib na ndairi branch-ends , LL 265a20 ( MU 22.16 ). nir bo lia gainem mara no reann[a] feada, ZCP xii 294.2 . do rind ind ḟeóir, FB 88 ; cf. rinne .i. fear (= féar), H 4.22, 67a ( O'Curry 2065 ), and rindfeoir, Ériu x 84 § 78 . masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib) `of her litter (i.e. of her teats )', Laws iii 372.19 (of a sow), cf. 378.21 . ic déol na cethra . . . co faisctis na fola tar a rinnibh squeezed the blood over the teats (?), CCath. 2527 . rind aurlabra (i.e. tongue ), LU 3231 ( SCC 2 ). rindadh rindibh tengadh, ACL iii 294 § 5 (prob. a play on double meaning). Hence in B. na f. a tongue : is uairedh dom rind (.i. is imrāite dom tengaid), ZCP v 485 § 3 . (fig.) sinn ón cās-sa go cuiredh | rinn a ghrāsa gēruidhedh let him sharpen the point of his grace , Irish Texts ii 88 § 13 ; cf. 92 § 11 c . rinn mblasa do cur ar gach mbiadh piquant flavour , Ériu xi 196.9 .

(b) end, extremity : mell ōir for rinn cech dúail, IT i 119.22 . rind a n-úae the tips of their ears , BDD 91 . ó thaig Themra . . . co rrind Banba, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.44 (leg. co hor Banna, Metr. Dinds. Corr. v 142 ). co rind mara `brink', TTebe 698 . a rrind mothair edge , RC xviii 159.1 . gur ghabhadar cuan ag rinn Sléibhe Rife extremity , Keat. ii 542 . ó sháil go rinn from heel to head , Hackett xxxvi 4 (roinn MS.).

(c) a cape, promontory : rind ┐ belat, Laws i 160.5 . otha in rind corici in glind, Ériu ii 26.5 . trethan rinde Pilóir Cape Pelorus , TTr.² 1084 . Cf. a rennaibh órathach [leg. Ó Rathach?], Cóir Anm. 32 . Of inlets of the sea: amal renna mara for tír no tíri for muir like fiords or headlands , CCath. 5844 .

(d) fig. apex; climax : feidhm láimhe . . . i rinn ghliadh `in battle-front' (? in stress of combat ), Content. xxx 35 . fo rinn armi ┐ enig, Ann. Conn. 1244.12 . Cathal . . . do écc fo rinn airmhe ┐ oirrdearcais `at the pinnacle of prosperity and renown', AFM iv 698 v . i rinn iorghaile, TSh. 5743 . i rinn troda, L. Cl. A. B. 155.57 . i rinn coimheasgair cairdeadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 12 . Freq. of persons in this sense: rind āig ┐ imgona fer nHerend, TBC-LL¹ 5330 . tri rainn āgha, 5540 St. = rinn, H (note pl. form). dā rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56 y . rind n-imgona fher mbetha, TTr.² 828 . rinn chosanta ┐ chalmachta an chóiccidh, AFM iv 862.18 . comorba Ronan rind ciuil, ACL iii 308.3 .

(e) point, acumen, keenness ; freq. of eyes (cf. Lat. acies): rínd a roisc ┐ a menman, BB 414b25 . rinn roisc a min-chinn is mall, ACL iii 308.5 = AFM ii 870.12 (`pupil'). rinn a radairc ┐ a ruisc, MR 270.4 . in rinn ruisg (name of a plant), ACL i 326.29 , cf. 336.120 . rinn ruisc euphrasia, eyebright , P. O'C. (plant good for eyesight). is e in condnach inti techtas rinn cēille, O'Mulc. 236 . rinn an réasúin, TSh. 2902 . rinn fheirge, A. Ó Dálaigh vii 1 .

(f) in prosody the final word of a verse-line : is i recomarc forbanait a renda, IT iii 7 § 6 (BB). recomarc .i. deṡillabach inna rennaib, Fél. 4.29 . rinn .i. co cuibdius ina aghaidh with a rhyme answering to it , O'Dav. 1342 , cf. 1430 . aithne reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. § 2 . For rinn and airdrinn in debide (in which one of the final rhyming words is a syllable longer than the other), see IT iii 148 and E. Knott, Ir. Syll. Poetry 18 . See also 2 rind.

(g) do rind by dint of, by means of; a later use, for orig. meaning see (a). ní terna duine . . . acht mina dechaid fer do rind gona no builli unless he got off by (dealing) wound or blow , ZCP xiii 213.14 . do rinn ruaga do gonad no do marbadh é would wound or slay him by a sudden onset (?), Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 . racha sinn . . . dá dhíol do rinn mholta mhōir, O'Gr. Cat. 486.26 (< Gofr. Fionn Ó Dálaigh). [dochuaidh] do rind retha as, ZCP vi 65.30 .

(h) miscellaneous exx.: corthi cumdachta . . . co rinnib ┐ delbú ┐ fuathu ingantu, Alex. 596 = co ríndaib, BB 493b19 ; `Spitzen' ( points ), Meyer, but perh. engraved marks or devices, cf. vb. 1 rindaid and 2 rind = signum in Glosses. dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost a double line of battle (= duplicem aciem . . . contra milites Christi), TSh. 7061 ; a translation of Lat. acies.

See also cóicrind, s.v. cóic, gabulrind.

For compds. see rind-.

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