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allas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allas or dil.ie/2942
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o. See LEIA A-62 , Féil. Mhic Néill 142 . perspiration: a.¤ .i. sudor , Thes. ii 42.17 . roleg bruth ┐ allus in miled hé the heat and sweat of the soldier melted him, LU 7976 . do modh . . . do slechtanaib co tī th'a.¤ co menic (rule for religious life), ZCP iii 30.8 . allus de / isin lo the conaire, IT iii 103 § 196 . dopperar ēttach tromm foir condotice aldus, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . in damuscach allais effusion of sweat , PH 3042 . lan do a.¤ o cind co bond, Todd Nenn. 80.z . allos (sic leg.) na fala bloody sweat, PH 22 . cludugad co maith no co ngabhadh si allus, Irish Texts v 18.30 . do bhí a a.¤ mar bhraona fola, Luke xxii 44 . dá ttiubhra allus, Ezekiel xliv 18 . rochruaidh an punc ann a gcuirir me, ┐ beana[i?]dh se a.¤ as mo mhuintir uile (a disputant who is driven into a corner), Luc. Fid. 316.20 . allus a maoile fein ícus cach from the sweat of his own brow comes each man's good (prov. saying), BNnÉ 301 § 5 . a.¤ Mhuire name of a plant , RC iv 190 n. Attrib. gen.: don plaidh allais the sweating sickness, AU iii 358.16 . bréit allais handkerchief (sudary), PH 2193 .

ardae, airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardae, airde or dil.ie/4046
Last Revised: 2019

 

n , f. (1 ard)

(a) height: co teit ós goethaib ar airde that its situation is above the winds as regards height (of Paradise), LB 230 marg. inf. .u. ced dég ceim . . . ar airdi isin aill sin `to the top of the cliff', Stair Erc. 633 . fios airde réaltann, Keat. ii 177 . ? cach maith do dé no arddae (: Marggae) (leg. anddae, edd.), Thes. ii 295 § 6 (see ZCP lxi 5 ). In adv. phr. i n-a.¤ up, above: cró a chubat féin imbi i narda the hut his own length high around him, Thes. ii 331.32 . nīnimgēb acht i n-arddai by jumping (of avoiding a spear), TBC-I¹ 1291 . cumgabáil in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). as a chinn suas anairde, Laws ii 240.2 Comm. slan don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. , cf. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. With vb. of motion: fos-cerdat i n-ardae up, BDD² 942 . lingid C. i n-ardai, MU² 910 . gebthi . . . in roth ┐ nos cuir i n-arda co ranic midlisi in tigi, LU 8845 ( FB 64 ). Fig. téit a aicned i n-ardde he grows angry, LL 19750 . do chuir a shíth a n-áirde `threw up his truce', ML 72.3 . gur togbadh . . . a cethra . . . a n-airde `were seized completely', AU ii 522.9 . As prep. cúich cúmsanfus i n-airdde do [fh]laithiusai = quis requiescat in monte sancto tuo, PH 8085 . ó'n bfior a n-airde a brinna crucial point(?), SG 321.27 .

(b) height (of person or thing): a arddi his height (a giant), LU 9060 ( FB 81 ). da dornn deg dia hairde, Laws iv 112.2 , 9 . adbal lim airdde ind ethair, LL 12643 . secht troighthi ar cóicait an airdi aeinfhir díb, RC xxiv 380.1 . go mba metithir ra fomóir . . . in milid . . . i certarddi, LL 10761 . tricha traiged i n-ardai (of a house), IT i 309.33 . da-roraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 .

(c) height, high place: dosbertatar dochum na hardda i ndorus na prímrátha, TBFr. 62 . Fir Arddae (n. loc.), ACL iii 293 . is hí so sis . . . in treḟoclach focrai fadesin . . . ┐ do Feraib Arddai dorighne, ib. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 96 . i nairdib oireachtais hills of assembly, MR 92.5 . In other nn. loc. Arda Cuis ┐ Arda Cartaind, BB 325b22 = Ard C. ┐ Ard C., Auraic. 1222 . Artda Muirchol, Thes. ii 274.10 = Art M., 278.23 .

(d) In general sense of greatness, nobility, etc.: nī fuil nōeb connī a airde (.i. Pātraic), ACL iii 303 § 3 . Uriél . . . int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (:gairgi) `high nobility', Ériu ii 92 § 4 . gan fechain do cruas a mbethadh nó d'airde a fuirechruis intensity of their watchfulness, BCC 420.22 . co n-airde aiccnidh ┐ co menmain mílidh, AFM vi 2128.14 . In bad sense arrogance, pride: airde mh'aignidh the arrogance of my disposition, Dán Dé xvi 9 . áirde intínne, 2 Cor. xii 7 .

(e) Of sound, loudness : airde ngotha loudness of voice (one of the signs of bad pleading), BB 64f1 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 ). bo i roairde ngotha no [i ro]isli ngotha, O'Curry 228 (H 3.18, 123 ). In adv. phrase: do-ratsat . . . gáir tromm i n-ardi they shouted aloud, PH 771 . ar Brenainn oc i n-airde aloud, ZCP x 410.27 . Of velarisation : dul i n-airde 's i n-ísle, Celtica xxvii 61 § 14 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

at-bail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-bail(l) or dil.ie/4577
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: at-bail, atabail, adbaill, asindbail, -epil, conidapail, atballat, -abbalar, -apallar, eiplet, aipleat, atbailedh, atbaildis, asindbelsa, atbela, asinbela, -eple, -eplet, atroible, -érbala, -érbalam, -ærbalam, -herbalat, atbelainse, asindbelainse, asindbelad, -aipled, -epled, atbelmaisni, at-beltais, -epéltais, -epíltis, conid-erbalad, adbēlsa, atbelai, atbéla, ad-béla, -epéla, -ebbēla, at-belam, -hepelam, atbelaidsi, atbélat, atbelat, -epelat, atbela[d], atbélmis, ó 'tbaltsa, atrubaltsa, átrubalt, adrubalt, -erbalt, attrubaltar, -erbaltatár, epeltu, adbalair, atbailet, ad-bala, -abla, -aplait, -érbalur, aiplium, atbalad, -ablad, -epletis, -aipiltis, -eipeltaisi, -ebelaind, -eibelad, -hapladh, -ebailt, -eipilt, -erbailt, -eplemar, -epletar, abladur, -erbailtar, -erbalus, -erbaltais, -abuil, -eibil, inidabbaill, apail, -atrubull, -erbail, -eurbhail, aplastar, atbailset, hitbath, rotbath, ad- bath, atbath, atbath, ardatmba, arbath, apad, abbad, -abad, apu, -apaidh, asindbathatar, atbathadar, adbathadar, adbatar, adbáithit, apthatar, -apatar, atbatha, aptha, n-aptha, atbathsat, atbathsatt, apthu, eplaid, ablaid, aplaid, eples, eplit, ablur, aplad, aiplemait, aplis, d'éibil

v (*ess-ball-, normally with inf. neut. pron., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ; GOI 267 ). Dies .

Early forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. at-bail, Wb. 4d15 ; Sg. 4b6 . atabail, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). rel. adbaill, Wb. 16b11 , Ml. 108a3 . amal . . . asindbail , Ml. 57a10 . -epil, Wb. 30d14 , Sg. 28b20 , 30a3 . Ml. 73d7 . conidapail, Ml. 91d2 . 3 pl. atballat, Wb. 9d5 . Pass. sg. -abbalar, Cáin Ad. 45 . -apallar, 46 . Ipv. 3 pl. eiplet, Ml. 73d7 . aipleat, Ml. 104b2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. atbailedh, Cóir Anm. 72 . 3 pl. atbaildis, BDD² 126 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asindbelsa, Ml. 48a14 . 3 s. atbela, Sg. 30a3 . Thes. ii 7.29 . asinbela, Ml. 38b6 . -eple, Sg. 181a5 . 3 pl. -eplet, Ml. 77a13 . With ro: 3 s. atroible, Cáin Ad. 41 . -érbala, Thes. ii 7.30 . 1 pl. -érbalam, Wb. 4d19 . -ærbalam, Ml. 107d4 . 3 pl. -herbalat, Ériu vii 140.23 . Subj. impf. 1 s. atbelainse, Ml. 54c33 . asindbelainse, 131b13 . 3 s. asindbelad, 110b9 . -aipled, Ml. 85d8 . -epled, Sc.M² 3 . 1 pl. atbelmaisni, Ml. 96a10 . 3 pl. at-beltais, Ml. 36d16 . -epéltais, 99b2 . -epíltis, 121d16 . With ro: 3 s. conid-erbalad, Fianaig. 36.11 .

Fut. 1 s. atbél, Wb. 10d24 . adbēlsa, TBC-I¹ 1300 . 2 s. atbelai, Irish Texts i 35.23 . atbéla, Trip.² 617 . 3 s. ad-béla, BDD² 1380 . -epéla, Comp. CC 7.23 . -ebbēla, ZCP xii 232 § 43 . 1 pl. at-belam, SR 1556 . -hepelam, 2748 . 2 pl. atbelaidsi, Ml. 29c4 . 3 pl. atbélat, Wb. 1d4 . atbelat, Ml. 57a3 , 102b10 . -epelat, SR 4168 . Condit. 3 s. atbela[d], Ml. 16c10 . 1 pl. atbélmis, Wb. 4d9 .

Pret. 1 s. ó 'tbaltsa, LU 9496 . Perf. 1 s. atrubaltsa, LU 9514 . 3 s. átrubalt, Ml. 144d3 . adrubalt, Vita Br. 31 . -erbalt, SR 5417 . 3 pl. attrubaltar, Ml. 100a1 . -erbaltatár, LU 6288 .

Vn. epeltu.

Later forms. Indic. pres. pass. sg. (or 3 s. depon. act. ?) adbalair, O'D. 1217 (H 2.15, 85). 3 pl. atbailet, RC xiii 452.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-bala, Anecd. i 7.9 ( SCano 205 ). 3 s. -abla, Ériu iv 64 § 62 . 3 pl. -aplait, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). With ro: 1 s. -érbalur, SR 1260 . 1 pl. na ro aiplium , BB 16b51 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atbalad, -ablad, LL 14045 . -epletis, LB 156a62 . -aipiltis, CCath. 3480 . Fut. 2 pl. -eipeltaisi, BB 16b52 . Condit. 1 s. -ebelaind, RC xxiv 198.6 . 3 s. -eibelad, MR 74.2 . -hapladh, Lism. L. 921 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ebailt, RC xvi 416.20 (Tig.). -ebelt, ZCP viii 307.2 . -eipilt, Lism. L. 2327 . -erbailt, SR 5344 . 1 pl. -eplemar, PH 7949 . 3 pl. -epletar, LB 118a45 . gur abladur , RC xii 342 § 36 . -erbailtar (-erboiltídar v.l.) Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 23.26 . With endings of s-pret. 1 s. -erbalus, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . 2 s. -erbaltais, Trip. 458.23 . 3 s. -abuil, Laws i 186.7 . -eibil, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.14 . inidabbaill, ZCP xii 233 § 46 = init apail , AFM i 378.5 . -atrubull, O'D. 1637 (H 5.15, 18a). -erbail, LB 127a44 . -eurbhail, Hy Fiach. 310.5 . as-eubhuil, Celtica iv 148 § 152 . ro aplastar , O'Curry 395 (H 3.18, 220b). 3 pl. atbailset, AFM i 276.7 .

Narrative tense supplied by suppletive verb ad-bath (see GOI 437 , 468 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 ). 2 s. (as quasi-fut.) hitbath, Stair Erc. 1308 . rotbath, ZCP xiii 216.10 . 3 s. ad- bath, Laws i 250.27 . atbath, LU 9805 . ar don bath .i. atbath airund, LU 592 ( RC xx 162 , ACC). ? ardatmba (ardatbath v.l.), Corm. Y 323 . arbath, LL 6698 ( RC xxix 211 § 1 ). conid apad , LU 4916 (TBC). -appad, 5356 (ib.). conid abbad , LL 250b25 . -abad, LL 15936 . conid apu , RC xii 68 § 34 . -apaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.8 . Cf. rotbath, Ériu iv 64 § 63 . 3 pl. asindbathatar, Ml. 36d10 . atbathadar, RC x 72.9 . adbathadar, Laws iv 266.13 . adbatar, Aen. 1368 . ? adbáithit, AFM i 500.22 . conid apthatar , LU 6665 (TBC). -apdatar, LL 238 . -apatar, RC xiv 243.37 . With forms of pret. pl. pass. atbatha, Ml. 98b8 (but see note). condid aptha , AU i 328.9 ; RC xi 450.119 . co n-aptha , YBL 58b4 . With ending of s-pret.: atbathsat, LU 3568 ( SCC 29 ). atbathsatt, Hugh Roe 318.17 .

Vn. apthu.

As simple vb. eplaid, ablaid. Indic. pres. 3 s. aplaid, IT iii 322.19 . rel. eples, LB 150a53 . 3 pl. eplit, LB 159a26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ablur, Aen. 856 . Subj. impf. 3 s. no aplad , LL 22296 . 2 pl. na ro eiblead sib, YBL 144b37 . Fut. 1 pl. aiplemait, RC xxiv 249.20 . Pret. 3 s. aplis, LU 7923 . d'éibil, Ó Bruad. ii 184 xxiv .

Special uses. Of things: vanishes, perishes, disappears: amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. omnis eorum elatio . . . deperit, Ml. 57a10 . esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith, Corm. Y 517 . manid epled ní airi though nothing of it should perish(?), Sc.M² 3 . adbath fir Feiniu, Laws i 250.27 . atbath borg tromm Temra / la tairthim a flathe `T . . . . has perished', Fél. Prol. 166 . atbail dliged a creidme, Ériu i 218 § 2 . inid apad Oreb de, SR 5307 . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai, PH 7111 .

In legal sense lapses, is forfeit: intī troisces tar taircsin reir[e] do, at-baill a dligid a fuighiull Fene i.e. his suit is no longer actionable, is ipso facto quashed, ZCP xv 261 § 5 . rucus aithni cen taisec . . . ba deithbir ar ba la indile cāich las-mbōe ind aithne atrubalt `ist . . . untergegangen', 352 § 41 . atbaill leth ó ḟaill (n)éc(s)macht (of a payment), Críth G. 275 . tri ái nad eplet faill which do not lapse from neglect(?), Triads 153 . trí féich nad eple faill, 256 . atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 ( ZCP xvi 177 ). cisne tri haimsera i n-adapail (inád a.¤ ?) a torad ar cach flaith ? v 450.12 . adbaill a dire ma forfollangtar a gresa, O'Curry 2313 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). for secht nanala epeltur ae eculsa, 2205 ( Eg. 88, 8(9)d ). dia nurthuaisi [in ben] co fa tri atbaill fiach a sleithi, 618 (H 3. 18, 299). ni apuil nech ní ar nos .i. nochon eiplenn ni o neoch ara nos nindligthech, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, 443). adbathadar ar Aengus a thire, O'Curry 2300 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)c ).

In pl. with beóil in sense dies: at-baildis a beóil in tan ad-beiread gaí, BDD² 126 . atbélat do béoil meni aisce úait, TBFr. 304 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 .

With accompanying acc. or dat. of cause of death: atbelam gorte we shall die of hunger, SR 1556 . ni epéla faill ná ésliss he will not die from neglect or contempt, Comp. CC 7.23 . ad-baill fingail móir . . . for Dollud, ZCP xx 227 § 36 . Also with prep. DI: atbelsa gortai . . . ni erbailt céle Dé riam de gortai ná huacht, Irish Texts i 35.10 ( atbelai gortaide, 23 ). mani eple de, Sg. 181a5 . atbathatar dend aine sin sruithi `old men died of that fast', Mon. Tall. 156.5 . go n-ablator cach do luathcchair so that everyone died from joy, Ériu iv 54 § 24 . atbail ar feile indsein she died from shame, TBC(C) 2497 . With éc: conappad éc n-úalle fort `died in thee a death of pride', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 . éc atbath, LL 3060 . éc atbathatar don Budi Connaill, 3068 . is éc at bath rí in Broga `a natural death died the King of the B.', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 28 . Note also: immusapt[h]atar . . . / re cách ar ndā deogbaire `perished by each other's hand', Fianaig. 12.16 . imapt[h]a dūn `we perished mutually', 12.23 .

1 bárc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bárc or dil.ie/5400

 

n ā, f. (cf. Lat. barca) b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) bark, ship: bārcc a barca, Corm. Y 108. i mbāirc, 115 . barc .i. long, O'Cl. saer lerlong ┐ baircc (? leg. barcc) ┐ curach, Laws v 104.1 , glossed: .i. for na bi imrum .i. na serrcinn, 4 Comm. lucht na bairci, i 128.15 Comm. ind oenbarcc (of the Ark), SR 2536. barc fri beithi (in `Ogam n-eathrach'), Auraic. 6133. i mbraine na báirci, BDD² 515. cetheora barca .xxx. . . . ┐ tricha in cech báirc, LU 1278 (H.). cid as dech do ríg ? . . . bárca do thochor i port, Tec. Corm. § 1.25 ( LL 343a24 ). a fín b.¤ (sic leg. ?) for tondgur fland, LL 7189 (`wine-barque', Hail Brigit 11 ). do chriaid ḟir na báirci (of Tuathal Techtmar), 37770 . barcc gu muinib, IT iii 241.215 . na bárca bronnfairsinga, CCath. 1445. Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben `which beats against barks', Ériu iv 154.2 . coblach mor do longaib ┐ do barcaib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . i n-urlár éinbháirce (: tráichtte) on the deck of one ship, DDána 107.1 . In nn. loc. Inber na mB., LL 24169. Rinn na Báirci, CF² 97.

(b) Fig. of (perh. boat-shaped) structures on land: a barc brainech na tor tromm / . . . / ba tu relec na fian find (to Brug na Bóinde), Metr. Dinds. ii 12.41 ( LU 4157 ). Barc Crimthainn Nia Nair (one of the Dindgnai in Broga, the others being Long ingine Foraind etc.), Dinds. 4. Long na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth, Metr. Dinds. i 18.58 . Ailech nImchill os cech áit / dia do báirc bir-chinn. . . . `sharp-crested stronghold ', iv 96.46 . romúrsetar Báirc ṁBresail. Báirc-sede feda nemchrínda doringned ic Bresal, RC xiii 40 § 10. Of a territory: Tir da Locha . . . / barcc reil ro hetrocht, Auraic. 5107.

? Moisi minn os betha barc (: Isaac), SR 3865. fo betha barc, 2819 . Note also: a hadbai Ailig / . . . / a bairc moir Mide / . . . / a crich Breg, Ériu viii 68.33 .

Of a prince or warrior: Aed Ailig uill / . . . / barc hordain áin, IT iii 21 § 62. Brandub barc i mbatar sluaig, LL 7239. Bran Berba ballglaine, / bārc thacid thriūin, Bruchst. 8 § 9 ( IT iii 14 § 31 ). greit ríg / . . . / barc bodbae (of Lóegaire B.), LU 8608 (rhet.). Cf. Húa Conaill . . . / bá b.¤ maone bá muir neccna (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 13.

Compds. With noun: bárccuideachta ship's company, DDána 89.9 .

With adj.: tar muir mbarcláin (barcglan, v.l.), BS 30.9 . barr būadach bárclethan / lethas dar sōerchlanna of wide ships (?) (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 § 8.

With adj. derived from noun or vn.: barcbhuailteach (?), IT iii 97 § 158. sluagh . . . bárclibernach `ship-possessing', MR 214.y .

bertrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bertrach or dil.ie/5750

 

Forms: bertlach

n ā, f. (bert). Also bertlach. Expld. as load, burden; chessboard: b.¤ .i. oire tromm nó fi[d]chell, O'Mulc. 178. b.¤ .i. aire no fidhchell, H 3.18, 64 b32 . beartrach .i. fithcheall no clar imirthe, O'Cl. As n. loc. dodechuid . . . do Bertlachaib aníar i mBertlachaib sair i n-inbiur Muáidi, Trip. 136.26 . a bBertlaig i mBertlaig Calrigi Culi Cernadan (= a Bertlacijs Occidentalibus, Colgan, Trias Thaum. p. 167, 251 n. 3 ), 250.11 . Cf. ad flumen Muaide de Vertrige in Bertrigam , ib. 327.15 ( Ardm. 15a1 ). O Floinn on Bheartraigh, Hy Fiach. 166.19 . B. bláith, 250.1 . brúgaid . . . na Bertraigi, 4 (see note).

bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm , 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

borg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borg or dil.ie/6409

 

n o, m. (med. Lat. loanword, Bidrag 121 ) `seems to mean the outer circumvallation round a `ráth',' O Daly, Celtica v 190 . Usu. fort; (fortified) town, city; castle: atbath b.¤ (brog, brocc, v.ll.) tromm Temra, Fél. Prol. 165. b.¤ Aillinne úallach, 189 . b.¤ Emna, 193 . ro lín burgu (burcu, brugu, v.ll.) betha, 140 . liss aurslocthi. Búirg (i subscr.) fáenbéla (rhet.), LU 8715 ( FB 53 ). dar a dorus in mórbuirg (: uird), TFerbe 842 . cuirt no borcc gl. curta, Sg. 57a6 . aball . . . ō burg Etāile dianit ainm Abellanium, Corm. Y 1272. orofalnamar ara betha borgcaib (rhet.) since we ruled o'er the strongholds of the world, Corp. Gen. 79.12 . nírbo b.¤ (brog, broc, borb, v.ll.) báeth ar bruidin (of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 32.2 . In fanciful n. loc. roselt ar B. mBúredach / brudne Da Dergae turchomruc (rhet.), LU 7279 (BDD). dimbúaid sceóil / fartbi ecland / la b. dubaithech (rhet.), 8943 ( FB 71 ).

Compd. ba borg-bile co mbodb-ṡlait `a castle like a trunk' (of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 28.14 .

buidnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buidnech or dil.ie/7377

 

Forms: B.

adj o, ā (buiden) having troops, bands; populous (freq. in alliteration in vague sense): feil B. bháin buidhnigh, Gorm. Sept. 3. E. b.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 14. ar triath b.¤ , MR 190.17 . la chéd mbalc mbuidhneach mbachall, Mart. Don. Aug. 18. fon ṁbith ṁb.¤ , Fél. Oct. 15. Cnocc mb.¤ mBrénaind, Acall. 908 v.l. Flann Bregmaighi buidhnigh, AU i 378.24 . co brath buidneach, YBL 318a56 . cert .xx. bliadan b.¤ , LL 14802. mo biad mbuidhnech, Anecd. ii 31.2 .

As subst.: B. Bairrche ┐ Banna `der Schaarenreiche', TBC-LL¹ 524 (Conchobar ?). a b.¤ (to Mary), Ériu i 122.18 . a thriathbhuidhnigh o thou of lordly hosts, DDána 63.11 . B. (n. pr. f.), BColm. 8.11 . ? L. .i. an Buidhenach, RC xviii 14.1 (Tig.). b.¤ sīthech, / slūag tromm tīrech `a peaceful troop', K. and H. 17 (perh. adj. qual. slūag).

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤ tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

cenntromm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenntromm or dil.ie/8682
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj (cenn + tromm ) lit. heavy-headed : ceanntrom na coillte (i.e. with fruit), AFM i 96.11 . craesach c.¤ cotul[t]ach lethargic, LB 233 marg. sup. ba chenntrom gillanrad (from hunt), SG 274.31 . co ceann-trom clúimh-fhliuch, Atlantis iv 134.11 . fa chomadaib . . . cenntroma `exhorbitant . . . conditions', MR 120.25 . In favourable sense of warriors: um gach laom ceanntrom, ML 128.15 . Metr. us. of metres characterized by tetrasyllabic rhymes (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig ii 278 n. 94 ): ollbreccad déni cenntruime inso, IT iii 71 § 27 . debidi imrind cenntrom annso, 69 § 15 . See 132-3 . dian cendtrom, Laws v 60.2 Comm. Application not clear in: dian brecta chenntrom inso (42 × 4 + 31 + 42 × 7 + 31), IT iii 71 § 26 . Cf. cenn 10.

clagairnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clagairnech or dil.ie/9313

 

n (-arnach) f. (unlen. -g-) heavy, beating rain : an chlaguirneach thig d'urchar loitionn sí na guirt, Párl. na mB. 1187 . clagarnach dhonn go tromm a' túirlint, ZCP v 215 ( Midnight court 414 ). By extension, of music: clagarnach cheóil is ól gan caoimse, 218 ( 509 ).

cotaltach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cotaltach or dil.ie/12654

 

Forms: collatach

adj o, ā (cotlud). collatach, Rosa Angl. 132.2 . sleepy, drowsy : ina sabhall, samhond . . . codaltach, Ériu xiii 40.z . cenn-tromm cotulach (sic) . . . , LB 233 marg. sup. (cf. cotal?). a lesc ch.¤ . . . fri hernail cacha maithiusa, YBL 162a22 . spiorad chollatach, Romans xi 8 . As subst. o, m.: dúsced in cotultach, PH 5826 .

1 cuirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cuirid or dil.ie/13660

 

Forms: cuired, cuirthe, cuirthi

v repl. earlier fo-ceird, do-cuirethar. ? Cf. arch. cuirithir (. . . bedc), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 (-er, MS), see also xvii 93 (4 c) . IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) With direct obj.: mór do chathaib . . . ro chuir O. waged , LU 4393 . cuirit a ndergár, LL 38715 . in n-úair nochuired . . . / in bíast buidech a brocc-lomm vomits , Metr. Dinds. iii 428.29 . bid loch . . . / curfes co tromm trénṡaithe `that shall overthrow', 456.72 . cor cuiread graifne in aenaich leo `the fair-races were run', Ériu ii 178.22 . c.¤ gáir, Airne F. 289 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchuairt Hērenn, ACL iii 3.25 . nocha cuirfither hé `he . . . shall not be overthrown', BColm. 94.26 . ro cuireth a n-or ┐ a n-airged, ZCP xxx 157. 35 = rotus loitt im a n-ór, Alex. 1091 . galar . . . trias ro chuir a ḟolt lost his hair, AFM ii 906.1 . ? ri ruc ingrein cuires cách, SR 7241 . cuirit a scis and `put away', RC ix 22 § 22 . no co curtur é `till it is buried', Rosa Angl. 256.z . is gach instrúim ceóil cuirthear is played, Timth. vi 38 § 19 . nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh rhyme is not always in accordance with spelling, IGT Introd. 3.1 . cionnus do chuirios ┐ do chaitheas a bhfuarus to what use I put etc., Mac Aingil 574 .

Invites : rocuired don cormaim hé, RC xiv 242.19 . con[id] si adaig and sin ro curthea a mathair a athair . . . do thig ríg a thúate, LU 6730 (BDD). cuir h'oireacht ┐ aguill iat (proscribed, cuiredh not having allowable personal forms), IGT Verbs ex. 793 . ? ni he rochuir iat `he had not sent for them', Ann. Conn. 1225.14 .

Sows; plants : cuiream ar síol, Dán Dé xvi 4 . curid ┐ benaid arbhar fa dó sa bliadain, Maund. 270 . a dhuine chuirios an crann, Ériu viii 195.1 . an tiubhar do chuir Pátraic, AFM ii 1146.4 .

Causes, has done : ar na cuirend dogres catha na cogadh do denum, Aen. 2752 . nīcoirset cesa / cen lessa a n-anma sufferings have not prevented them from caring their souls (?), ZCP viii 110.27 . 'nar cuiris mo mac do dighbhail orum `caused my son to be taken from me', Fier. 99 . na cuir galltrompa dha sheinm romhat, Matthew vi 2 . Cf. cuir-se ar múnadh, DDána 11.25 . do chuir / a fhuath caused him to be hated, Aithd. D. 10.6 .

(b) In a variety of idioms with prepp. With A(S): ro curthea gai a Herind re lind spears were banished, LL 888 . c.¤ . . . Adam a Partus, MacCarthy 58.9 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . ch.¤ asta emit, TSh. 6705 .

With co: ra curit techta chucu, MU² 850 . cuiridh in rí coblach . . . co C.B., ACL iii 309.5 . comad é fear a inaid no cuirfidhe co ríg Caisil ar tús `who would be summoned', Ériu xvi 66.87 . dochuiredar chuci diblinaib `attacked him', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . cuirimsi cucaib, a breitheamna . . . I submit to you, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, 1 ).

With DI: ro chuir a mertnigi . . . de put off, LU 3617 (SC). ? no cureb-sa dít, Fing. R. 87 . ramchursetsa . . . / do chirt Banba deprived me, LL 19233 . d'éis gach chuir dar cuireadh dhí, Aithd. D. 28.11 . gur chuir . . . allus fola dhe, TSh. 6747 . cuirid súil di see súil. DO: guidhe dá chóir ní chuirfe will not make supplication to Him (of Christ in Judgement), DDána 27.11 . ? béim air nocha nḟuigheadh sí / dá ccuireadh an ḟail d'Éinrí, IGT Decl. ex. 689 . do cuir do gorta iat starved them, Maund. 78 .

With DOCHUM: da curtái docum laburtha . . . le healadnaibh saera `which were caused to speak', Maund. 252 . gur chuirsead chum báis . . . íad, Desid. 3538 .

With FO: cuireas faoi milleadh na mbracchadh `induced him', Hy Maine 11.28 . fir nar chuir fan ríghe ribh `who have not contended', O'Hara 2374 . nó gur chuirsead . . . / fúthaibh `made conquests', TD 26.21 . cuirfe se faoibh an uile = suggeret vobis omnia, Luc. Fid. 5531 . go gcuire grádh féile faoi `till he has made up his mind to do some deed of generosity', Aithd. D. 31.39 .

With FOR: ? coro cuired Emuin M. forsna sluagaib, LL 13776 . docuir Sir Gyi tri cluithci aran sdibard (of chess) defeated, ZCP vi 54.22 . cuiris tiomargadh ┐ tionól ar maithibh Grécc mustered , Leb. Gab.(i) 80.16 . gurab ar Moling chuires an seinleabhar iad ascribes , Anecd. ii 24.y . cuirim ort a fīadnaise call you to witness, ZCP x 42.3 . an cuairt / . . . charit (sic) ar Sulcuaid the visit they make to S., Cog. 98.36 . cuirim si fort . . . scaradh fris, BNnÉ 5.29 . docuiredur . . . a cert ┐ a cōir ar comlunn disi they staked, ZCP vi 96.15 . do chuir ar [mh]í-chéill mise, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 2 . do chuiredh deichneabhar ar coitcheann S. `were quartered on', ZCP x 18.12 . cuirigh na croinn si foraibh cast lots among you, BNnÉ 7.17 . ben nár chuir eól ar an éra to whom refusal was a stranger, Bard. P. 40.92 . gur chúir S. . . . fios ar óglaoch sent for, TSh. 9095 . docuredh orum . . . gurb é do-reic-si re luing cennaigh doronus I was charged, ZCP vi 101.21 . as lugaide rocuirfed form do thecht uaim would grieve me, Aen. 808 . air nī cuirenn does not disturb it, BColm. 68.2 . cuirid ar an aígen, KMMisc. 322 § 7.1 = tiagaid arin muir, 315 .

With FRI: ro cuirsiod friu `attacked them', TFrag. 236.15 . cid sochaide . . . dia náimtib docuiread fri huaithed do chlaind Israél were sent against, Celtica iv 40.595 . meic (mac ?) ríogh nach cuirthear re chéimibh `unequalled', O'Hara 2865 . cuir rem dhíon undertake my protection, O'Gr. Cat. 411.19 . go gcuiridh cúl ris na coiribh, TSh. 7983 .

With IMM: co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid, LU 6543 .

With I N-: cuirim a mbreth (of counsel's opinion), O'Curry 2120 ( H 4.22, 82 ). do chuirsiot D. anég . . . da fichet céd killed , Cog. 112.9 . cionnus chuirthear focuil shínidh ghirr a síneadh mheadhónach is changed into, IGT Introd. § 1 (1.22.) cuir thinntinn sa numla, Ériu v 136 § 103 . dá gcuireadh neach i n-iongantas orm should anyone think it strange in me, Keat. i 90.3 . ro-chuir naemhu Erenn uile hi socht, ZCP x 410.7 . cuirit a gceist ┐ a n-ingantus `they were very much troubled', Fl. Earls 34.24 . gibé . . . chuirfes conntabhairt ionnta, Ó Héodhusa 224.1 .

With LA: cuiris ferann manach . . . le Cnoc . . . M. added, Anecd. iii 7.6 . mar do chuir lé ar leithéid-ne `as He applied it', Dán Dé vi 25 . dá gcuirdís `fallsa' leis (of title of book), Mac Aingil 86 . ós liom chuirfeas since he will take my part, Ó Bruad. iii 208.5 . do chuir . . deire léna cómhrádh, Párl. na mB. 404 .

With ó: do-chuiris o adrad ídal hi you have banished the worship of idols therefrom (a city), PH 778 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin `the cast which the boaire chief makes with this', Laws iv 226.11 Comm. muir derg cuiris imat leag loghmur . . . úaithi deposits, RC xxiv 373.23 . ó chradh cuirfidhir, O'R. Poems 173 `will be separated from wealth', Gloss. chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma which prevent them from being of any use, TSh. 7243 .

With RÉ N-: cid dam-sa na curfind mo chomlund a chetóir romum why should I not at once engage in battle? CRR 25 . ro cuirseat a comlunn rompo re n-ég were determined to fight to the death (?), CCath. 2788 . an tan chuireas roimhe díoghaltas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5421 . dána an chúis do chuir roimhe, Bard. P. 2.3 .

With TAR: no co cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind till this year is over, Fianaig. 68.20 . ra chuir súil darin cétna mbraini cast an eye over, LL 34941 (MU). cuireadh thoram feirg Dé, Celtica iv 166 § 256 .

(c) With adverbs and adv. phrases: curus an curach amach, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . níor chuir mé / amach uaim breith an chluiche `did not set forth', Content. xiv 55 . guidhim Muire ogh / nacham-cuire ar cul, KMMisc. 319.9 . cuir ass ma connicci dispel (it) (viz. snow), Trip.² 562 . is mó do cuirthí do mheamhair leis na macaibh fóghluma é would be memorized, Keat. i 90.9 . gur chuir d'fhiachaibh air compelled him, Desid. 5316 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar ais, PH 7797 . cuir do chomhrádh ar athlá, Dánta Gr. 39.2 . do cuir fa aithne orra dul is in oilen, BCC 239 . ro chuirseat for nemhthní na F. `set nothing by the F.', AFM ii 1172.20 . niro cuirsit a mbridh an ni sin ignored that, Grail 3308 . rocursed na curaid a cenn a chele `the warriors attacked each other', Ériu viii 36.8 . an síodh cuirthior 'n-a chéile which is restored, O'Hara 1279 . cuir a gcrích ar chan an fáidhsin cause to come true, SGS iv 142 § 21 . go gcuireann cuid éigin . . . i bhfeidhm, TSh. 2222 . má chuiré a ngníomh iad, Desid. 3219 . chuiris a lochda . . . ós áird, Mac Aingil 3351 . cuireadh sin sios go mor do Chriosd = fit iniuria Christo, Luc. Fid. 3640 . cuir . . . súasuin sinn `lift me up', Bard. P. 6. 5 . cuirim suas don ghrádh I forsake (despair of?), Dánta Gr. 90.2 . ni chuireann . . . an Cailbhineach suas don Luitearanach, Luc. Fid. 2889 . cuiridh . . . a tigh súas = buildeth her house, Proverbs xiv 1 . cuirfit darcend naforcetla will upset, Three Hom. 70.7 . ro-chuir cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais miassa . . ., PH 4392 . cuir trit a ceile mix (them) together, Rosa Angl. 212.20 .

Vn. 1 cor. cuired. Part. cuirthe. Vbl. of necess. cuirthi.

2 cutrummae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cutrummae or dil.ie/14059
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cautraime, cutrum

adj io, iā (`c.¤ . . . from tromm . . . is obviously modelled on cummae equal', GOI 220 . Perh. orig. attrib. and predic. use of g s. of 1 c.). cautraime, RC xliii 16.18 . cutrum (back-formation), Laws ii 214.20 .

Equal in weight or size; equivalent, equal; even, well-proportioned: bés nibatchutrummi huili gl. unusquisque proprium habet donum, Wb. 9d27 . ráth chosmail chutrumma, LL 3869 . .iii. sreatha cutrumai, ZCP viii 103.27 . gach dá gradh cudruma, Ériu xiii 30.26 . mo raind chæma chutrumma balanced, Metr. Dinds. iii 76.136 . calath comnart cutruma `level', MacCongl. 85.23 . triar cudruma commora `of like weight and size', Grail 3789 . da orduin cudruma, Stair Erc. 886 . da chathraig cudruma na nGrec `equal in importance', TTebe 1588 . is cudruma comroindit in ferond, Laws v 144.9 Comm. mad cutruma beith in da linn, Rosa Angl. 228.5 . do cheathra druimne . . . / . . . cuibhdhe cod-roma (:donna) (of cross), DDána 65.6 . comrac cotrum[a], ML² 1540 . ní cudrom ar ccomhaltus . . . anósa, RC xi 323.23 = cuttrama, TBC-LL¹ 3841 . is cudroma a gcoingheall = aequa utriusque conditio, TSh. 3871 . cutruma comthroma . . . dōip they were of exactly equal size, Fl. Earls 164.25 . cudrama .i. iomlán, comhthrom, O'Cl. ina ionadh cheart chu[bhaidh] chumhdruma, ZCP xxxiii 130 § 3 .

With FRI: digal c.¤ frissinpeccad, Ml. 54c2 . combad c.¤ frisinseirc rocar Crist inneclais gl. tantum, 65d5 . amal nibimmis cutrummi frib, Wb. 17b16 . tír bes chutrumma fri[t] tír, Fing. R. 574 . ba cudruma re core mor é `as large as a big cauldron', RC xviii 183.25 . Note also: co m-[b]ad cutruma do hi (Eve of Adam), MacCarthy 48.13 . With ocus: is cutrumme . . . fit sathairn ┐ fit domnaich, Mon. Tall. 156.13 nír bhó cudroma a ainm . . . ┐ ainm an tí las a ttorchair, AFM v 1700.7 .

Of personal appearance: taul . . . chóir chutrummae well-proportioned, LU 7198 ( BDD 87 ). gnūis chōir corcra chutromæ, TBC-I¹ 3243 . a dá malaig chóiri chutrumae even, BDD² 853 . fer cóir cutrumma, TBC-LL² 4424 . Pejoratively: at cróna cutrumma, LU 8364 ( FB 24 ). do togh se daine cudruma (of Christ), Smaointe B. Chr. 1517 `garbh, mí-bhéasach', Gloss. as feasach sinne . . . gur don chineadh chodruma an t-óglaoch sin, PCT 198 `rustic', O'Rah. 274.17 . Adv. co cudruma, CCath. 3211 . co cutrama, BNnÉ 321.15 .

As subst. da chomais sind . . . da ch.¤ co comairsom two equals , LU 6013 (TBC).

Compd.: cethrochair cutrom-slesta a sudigud, Rawl. 74b2 . See comthrom.

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm , Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

díaisnéithe, díasnéte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díaisnéithe, díasnéte or dil.ie/15916

 

adj io,iā = díaisndíse: a Dé diaisneithe, Hib. Min. 42.29 . cumachta díasnéte in chomded (diasnethi, v.l.), FA 12 . co cuala briathra diasnéte na n-aingel, 2 . lubra tromm dhiassneti, PH 373 . o thodern[um]aib diaisnetib, 5933 . fo smacht ┐ fo geilsini díasneti, Cog. 48.10 . co failti diaisneidthe, YBL 166ax . is diasneti farsinge ┐ lethet na flatha nemda, LU 2477 ( RC iv 256 ); cf. as diaisneíd a ffuair . . . do ghaibhthibh, AFM v 1662 . Cf. doaisnéithe.

díchra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchra or dil.ie/16160
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Forms: dichra, dícra

adj eager, fervent, zealous, vehement (in both good and bad sense): dochotar inna n-ailithre. Ba dichra ┐ ba cridechair dochoas and, LL 283a15 . d.¤ in mod (cheville), 200b33 . ba d.¤ in comrád, 203a11 ( Ériu v 221 ). dogniat aithrige ndichra, RC iv 250 ( LU 2382 ). gabaid oc aithrige d.¤ , PH 814 . guide dichra Dhē, ZCP vi 266 . dorigne ernaigthe nd.¤ co Dia, PH 8047 . maille re húrnaigthib diochra, SG 15 . āilme itge nd.¤ , Fél. Jan. 10 (LB). dorighne foglaim d.¤ (dichai, MS.), SG 47 . tucsat grád d.¤ d'aroile, 60 . grādh d.¤ dofuluing, ZCP vi 25 . in mac . . . ba d.¤ serc ┐ annsacht lē `whom she loved best', Fl. Earls 124 . tairbiris teora póc ndil nd.¤ dho, Acall. 3663 . frosa dér nd.¤ , TTr.² 1577 . srotha díochra déar, TSh. 4027 . ar shilleadh díochra na súl, Dánta Gr. (1st ed.) x 10 . In wider sense, also of inanimate objects: galar díochra dofhuilngte, O'Gr. Cat. 616 . díochra an lén, Rel. Celt. ii 220 . na treinnsighe talman ┐ na daingnidhe dichra strong fortresses, Fl. Earls 30 . go privilēid ndermháir nd.¤ , 112 . Of persons: a chomalta dil d.¤ fodeisin, TBC-I¹ 2317 . Dellbaeth d.¤ , LL 11a10 . Davit diocra, Cog. 204 . a ingen dichra dobuidech (addressed to the body) importunate , ACL iii 234 . cona sluag d.¤ dána, SR 7343 . ina ndlúmaib dicra (of soldiers), MR 222 . is d.¤ limm: narbo díchrai ind pendaid léu that they were not in earnest in their penance, Mon. Tall. § 23 . is lugha is dichra lais urail na hingine `he is less anxious to . . .', Laws iv 64 (Comm.). As subst.: dichra fedma `earnestness of effort', CRR 38 . dáil go ndiogra, ib. p. 90 . Adv. co dícra , LU 2304 . coiid co tromm-d.¤ , PH 591 . rochíset co serb ┐ co d.¤ , 186 . easccaínidh go diochra Maolmuadh, Cog. 92 . do chreidset co d.¤ do Dhia, SG 30 . doraga mo brathair co d.¤ dom cháiniud, ZCP iii 3 . ferthar iomairecc co diochra duthrachtach, AFM iv 750 . aga ttegasg go díochra 'strictly' Ériu xv 80 (86b) (Supplement 38). Compar. with DE: ionnus gurab diochraide ar bhfeidhm lé chéile sin that we may act together with the greater earnestness, Keat. iii 4425 .

díucrae, díucaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díucrae, díucaire or dil.ie/16952

 

io, n. later f. vn. of díucraid crying out, shouting, calling (upon), freq. with notion of appeal or entreaty: robu ēcen diucrae friu (= clamor), Tur. 13 ( Thes. i 4 85 ). nuall tromm ┐ diucaire dermair, PH 4338 . diucra minic moch (i.e. prayer), Ériu ii 56 . cluinte diucaire in bhochtáin! Otia ii 96 . co diuccra, co n-ernaigthi, LB 261b26 = co ndiugrau, ACL iii 320 . go n-aithrighe nderbhair ┐ go ndíughaire truaigh, BNnÉ 188 . do legund, do irnaigthi, do diucra fri Rīg, ZCP xiii 30 . roclos guth na noiden oc diucaire (= orantis), Lat. Lives 68 . dorala bocht . . . ic díucaire i ndorus na cat[h]rach (= orantem), ib. 88 = RC ii 388 . ag diugairi ┐ ic nemele, Aen. 3109 (cf. implorans, Aeneid xii 653 ). ic cai ┐ occ diucairi, Lism. L. 3411 . oc coéi ┐ oc diucra, LB 222b33 . og derg-diuccra, PH 376 . dorogart tra ó diucaire móir, Corm. 36 s.v. prull = doriucart o guth mor, YBL. tuc treas ar cai ┐ ar diudra (sic), Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 52 . tar eis cai ┐ diugra, ib. 4 va 44 . Cf. ? dígaire.

do-eipen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-eipen or dil.ie/17533
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Forms: doǽrbai, doreibi, doroeipe, doreipsead, doreibsit, doepenar, doepethar, doreped, durebead, terpad, teipid, teipide, teipe, doǽrbai

v (* to-ess-ben-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 462 ) Perf. 3 s. doǽrbai, Sg. 60b18 . Mid.Ir. doreibi, Lec. 338b29 . doroeipe, Auraic. 173 (v.l.). 3 pl. doreipsead, 213 . doreibsit, 2530 . Pass. pres. s. doepenar, BB 319b38 ( Auraic. 568 ). doepethar, Corm. Y 674 ; perf. doreped, BB 324a15 , durebead, 317a1 ; terpad, Ériu ii 108 § 22 . Later as simple vb. teipid. IGT Verbs § 68 . Part. teipide. Vn. teipe. See also terbaid.

(a) excises, cuts (out of, off): doǽrbai gl. concidit, Sg. 60b18 . teibid .i. beanait, Lec. Gl. 67 M . roteibed .i. do beanad, 210 . rotheip a méide assa muin, Metr. Dinds. iii 258 . roteiped Eua asa thóeb, MacCarthy iii 48 . go rotebisstur a cenn, RC xiv 452 . gelestar ainm do áth . . . ┐ doepethar gulbain (do-epetar gulba, LB) do cach ferand immid-mbi a bit is taken off each of the properties which it lies between, Corm. Y 674 . an as taiscide don cuicthi . . . doreped sund was curtailed, Laws i 236.z Comm. ropo toil Dé cecham-theirp 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 . Esp. cuts out, forms, fashions (out of a material, etc.) ri rothepi . . . asin chētadbar admas | talam tromm , SR 29 . rotheipi cech ndúil, 7869 . isin mais chruinn ildealbaig as terpad in domun, Ériu ii 108 (perh. to be referred to terbaid). amal comcumaisctis na gaetha . . . in ceathar duil . . . amal nobetis is in caip cumascda as ar-tebit ar tus as though they (the elements) were in the chaotic mass out of which they were originally formed, TTebe 3081 . taeb-omnai . . . iarsinni teipiter damna na focul eistib, Auraic. 414 = iarsani theibther, Lec. Gl. 216 . lín bérla as rotheip Gaedel Gaedilg out of which G. formed (culled) the Gaelic language, LL 2b20 = asar theib, BB 17a47 . in dā bērla sechtmogat . . . conid estib notebtis, BB 300b35 . rothepestar Foenius F. berla na ṅGoedel as na dib berlaib .lxx., Rawl. 70b15 . na tri sāidh doreipsead na berlu-sa, Auraic. 213 . is and doreibed in Gaedelg, 2482 . i mba fearr do cach berla . . . ised darepedh isinn Goedilc was chosen, 1055 . duepenar deminnsci a ferinnsci nō a baninnsci is made out of, 567 . Cf. bérla teipide, deime teipide s.v. teipide.

(b) loses, forfeits , forgoes: roteipis flaithius ┐ rígi you have lost your chance of, BB 252b38 = rotheipis, Lec. 444b47 . do ríoghraidh Éireann uile . . . a gcreideamh, a gclú 's a gcáil | is dú a dteibeadh nó a dtógbháil their faith and fame . . . must either be forefeited or upheld, Hackett xliii 72 . Cf. also xlii 84 : teibidh céim ón chonair chóir departs a step (.i. gearrann .i. tugann), which seems a loose use of same meaning.

(c) shirks, fails (in) (mod.): an croibhfhionn fhial . . . nár theib gnaoi beo, Ó Bruad. ii 124 . clann Toirrdhealbhaigh nár theib troid, ITS xv 19 . Intrans.: níor theib mise fós . . . a gcath I never yet flinched, Oss. iv 70 .

(d) Hence folld. by AR of pers., teibid orm I fail: go nach teibeadh aon urchar air gan an t-ubhall d'amus, Keat. ii 3300 . rannaigheacht bheag níor theib a gneith air, Gadelica 252 .

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm , SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

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