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trummae , truime

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trummae , truime or dil.ie/42127

n , f. (3 trom) IGT Abstr. Nouns 52 . heaviness :

I

(a) As gramm. abstr. of 3 trom: is e ... a met ┐ a thrumma tuc na hathise ... for in fír Dhia so heavily did he revile the true God, PH 83 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm | báoghal dún 'sa thruime atám I am so heavy, IGT Decl. ex. 15.

(b) In literal sense heaviness, weight: dia tormastar a mét dogní trumai ndo, Ml. 20a19 . ic fulang mét ocus trumma na talman, IT i 169.26 . cona tortromadh a troma for cend ind airdrígh (of a helmet), CCath. 5277 . ríu seig aderthái mic an talman ara truma, TTebe 1293 . do luigh truime ar n-ualaigh air, DDána 31.25 . chnuas ar chall na thruime o thús, Rel. Celt. ii 228.36 . cuma gan mo chradh go mór | lór a thruma dhamh ré dhíol, Dán Dé xxvi 17 . léigeadar a dtruime orra (i.e. on the shafts of their spears), ML 114.8 . dochóidh i ttroma anbhóill `had become very corpulent,' AFM vi 1916.13 . Note also: ní hiongnadh is truime a tuair | go dtiobhradh uirre an anbhuain `with such rich soil,' Aithd. D. 18.30 (see note).

II More generally heaviness, severity, rigour, etc.

(a) co trummai thinfid `with heaviness of aspiration' (of interjections), Sg. 9b18 . iar trummi óil after heavy drinking, LU 8224 ( FB 17 ). ar thrumme inna brithe (of childbirth), TBFr. 116 . re trumma in chísa with the heaviness of the imposition, LL 6a49 . ba hadbal ... truma in chísa, ZCP xi 60.19 . ar truma a foghnoma, 22 . bōi do thrumma in galair, MacCongl. 83.30 . trume glonn, BB 323a21 . le trumu a tarta, SG 121.27 . fo truma na cneidi, Laws iii 350.2 Comm. troma a thairnighe nach te the terror of its thunder (of hell), Dán Dé xxv 26 . truime a thionnabhraidh the soundness of its sleep (the soul), DDána 21a.4 . truime an eisdeachta slowness of hearing, 23 K 42, 41.5 . gion go bhfuil an teine se síordhaidhe ... is iongantach an truime atá innte, TSh. 3999.

(b) Referring to abstract ideas: ata di thrummai na fochaide insin `so heavy are the tribulations,' Ml. 23a19 . t.¤ inna fochodo, 64a2 . ni fulgam ni trummai inna fochodo, 77d6 . ar thrommai inna fochaide, 89a5 . Cf. 50d8 , 87d9 . ar thrummi a brotha ┐ a neirt, LU 9140 ( FB 88 ): a chré chír-dhub fri truma na peccad n-éxamail, PH 8237 . co trumma aithbi `in wasting sorrow,' Ériu iv 94.5 . t.¤ int ord sin a burdensome thing is that task, Ériu iii 102 § 27b . do eadargnudad cacha cesta ... fo a truma ┐ a n-etruma, O'Curry 1606 - 7 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ). truma tuarustail berus na hantesta dfír dé, O'Curry 2435 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)c ) (see túarastal). truime do thuirse `the weight of thy sorrow,' Studies 1918, 281 § 7 . la truma a seirci, Stair Erc. 1169 . truime phian na gciontach i n-ifreann, TSh. 6491.

(c) sorrow, grief: cen táidlius trumma with no gleam of sorrow (?), Metr. Dinds. i 10.63 . cen truma ` unlamented ,' iii 438.23 . is ed roraid ... co truime moir ┐ cosnumh fair, Aen. 1748 . fa mor an truime ... do chuir bás an deighfhir-si ar Innsi Gall, Rel. Celt. ii 208.8 .

(d) Various abstract meanings: ar a trumai enech riog aidbriugud `because of the difficulty of suing the honour of a king,' Laws v 372.5 . gar da thromma a ndligthir de `what is due to him is little, however much it be' (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 64.119 . trumma, toicthiu, talchaire ` self-importance ,' Triads 131 . is ar a thruime dobertha he isin cathair ... .i. i mBabilón dia éc innte `wegen seiner hohen Würde' (Alexander), Alex. 1019.