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airiuclán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airiuclán or dil.ie/2154

 

n (airecal) little room, cell: m'airiuclán hi Túaim Inbir / ni lán techdais bes sestu, Thes. ii 294.11 . m'aenurān im' airiclān `little cell', Ériu ii 55 § 1 . mh'aras acas mh'araglan, Reeves Ad. 288.22 .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

crích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crích or dil.ie/12912

 

Forms: críg

n ā, f. ?d s. críg, Ml. 131c10 (leg. cathraig? note).

(a) boundary, limit (of territory), end; aim, purpose, etc. (partic. in later lang.): honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 (of furrow which marks boundary, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 ). ba samla fri c.¤ in da chlod doriṅgensat roith . . . carpait C.C. furrow, LL 12808 . bieid crich fortimtherecht cacha dúlo gl. deinde finis, Wb. 13b28 . innacriche gl. limitis, Ml. 37d7 . tri deligud innac.¤ , 11 . cona tiagat taracricha corai (of waters), 51d3 . rasaig ac.¤ cuccai `their boundary extends to it', 102a8 . c.¤ gl. ωρα, Sg. 9b12 . gl. limes, 66b4 (see n.). muir dar críchu a flood, TBC-LL² 4493 . isedh is crich ann, gort feoir no arbair, no ard-urchur flesca ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim . . . no comadh é bu crich ann, cenn in baile ┐ na .iiii. guirt atta nesa dó, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ). óthá c.¤ drommo nit. cuglais tamlachtæ, Thes. ii 238.8 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). co ndichet tar c.¤ , Críth G. 29 . in cloch criche boundary-mark , Laws iv 8.7 Comm. doragad dochom críche (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4830 (TBC). dodechaid iarom c.¤ mór ond loch distance(?), LL 14043 . nech nát comfa in domnach . . . ina críchaib córib `within its proper boundaries', Ériu ii 194 § 8 . eter dí crich in dómnaig, LB 204b11 . go ttangador criocha deiridh don lo soin i.e. evening, ZCP x 290.32 . rotuilsit . . . in aidchi sin co crīchuib na maidne till dawn, ZCP xiii 240.5 . dothuitetar . . . a crīchaib in c[h]omlainn (used for alliteration?), Fianaig. 64.21 . ní-co fil c.¤ for a flaithius, PH 1809 . co crich do bais, ZCP vi 26.24 . críoch a riaghla is nár anois `that their rule has come to an end', Bard. P. 5.10 . críoch ar gciunais `the consummation of our peace', Arch. Hib. i 96 § x . guais do chách críoch a faghla ` outcome ', O'R. Poems 3450 . mór críoch a shuirghe aim , Aithd. D. 95.12 . crioch ar ccomhraidh uain̄ fa fhód object , Rel. Celt. ii 240.13 . do b'í an chreach-sain críoch ar leoin peak , DDána 79.8 . ag moladh bhar ccríche maithe = resolution, RSClára via . an chríoch dhéidheanach final end, TSh. 725 . ga mhēid crīoch dhēidheanach ann? A ceathair .i. an bās, an breithiomhnas, ifrionn ┐ flaitheamhnas, Parrth. Anma 5962 .

In phrases meaning act of completing, fulfilling, etc.: críoch do chur ar an suirghe, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 13 . smúaineadh gan a chur a cc.¤ , Bard. Synt. Tr. 210.6 . a chur a gc.¤ uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . do bheir sé olc chum críche, 30 . chuige sin . . . do thabhairt chum críche, Párl. na mB. 255 . táinig an aisling sin i gc.¤ do Chormac `this vision was fulfilled in C.', Keat. ii 4665 . go ttáinig gach nídh do thairngair Fíonán do chum críche, ZCP ii 558.16 . do-chuaidh críoch ar an gcunnradh `has been carried out', Aithd. D. 21.2 .

(b) confines, territory, district, land (in sg. and pl. See Ériu xxii 162 ): hifar crichaib fadisin gl. finibus vestris, Ml. 115b10 . intseuit bite hí cách c.¤ , 122a4 . cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237.21 ( ACL iii 226.16 ). tar nos crichi no cana, Laws v 254.7 . comhadh cách a chríoch, Ériu xiii 20.9 . líth línass crícha, Fél. Sept. 9 . an can criocha im ghalail (sanchán crícha im Galail, Ed.), Blathm. 26 . im cert filid tar crich crossing a territory (border?), Laws i 184.17 . i críchaib cíana comaidchi, MU² 220 . do ḟascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178 § 8 . i crichaib echtrand, CRR 6 . imthecht a crich n-ecailsi hi crich tuaithi, Ériu ii 202.2 n. dorigne c.¤ claidim di swordland, SG ii 464.26 . críoch Cuinn (poetic name of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 4 . críoch fhionnchorr Éirionn, SGS iv 140 § 9 . ro fagaib . . . cricha na Greige, Stair Erc. 1375 .

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom. In n. pr. Fer dá ch.¤ , Fél. Aug. 15 .

Compds. With nouns. T. M. / is mín críochbhuird, Ir. Syll. Poetry 55 § 7 . do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14222 (rhet.). ó chríochbhun an dá chomhairle ultimate basis, DDána 70.1 . teine í . . . chraos-shloigeas go críochcaitheamh = usque ad perditionem, TSh. 7958 . mendudai ┐ críchdoirsi a námut frontier passes, Alex. 200 . im chricheasbaid a chuigid `circumscribing', MR 110.7 . tír dúthaigh chláir chríchfhionnMhonaidh, DDána 89.6 . fa críochḟorba ḟear nÉireann (of Ireland), Content. xxx 19 . do b'é críochrún a gcagaidh, DDána 121.15 . With adjj.: i ttimcheall Chaisil chríochbháin, Top. Poems² 1194 . Banbha . . . badh críochcoganta, DDána 89.9 . ríogha Crúmhthainn chríchfheadhaigh, Top. Poems² 816 . do'n chined choitchenn crich-fhuinedach `western', MR 294.26 . caith-chrios . . . crioch-niamhtha, xiv 3 . fa chnoc gcríochruadh gC., DDána 111.39 .

See críth.

do-claid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-claid or dil.ie/17423

 

Forms: tochlaid, tochailt

v (* to-clad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ) Later tochlaid.

(a) digs up, uproots: dusclaid anís it (the boar) roots it (the vine) up from below, Ml. 102a15 . tochlait in talamh tromfhóidech fri nert fercci, TBC-LL¹ 5512 . rotochladar in carn ┐ fūaradar trí cuiléna ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28.22 . lensu in torc ut ┐ tochelaid bruth nóir asin talmain he will root out of the ground . . ., Thes. ii 310.29 . docichliter (.i. tocheltair) cella cells will be razed, RC xxvi 38 ( LL 188b25 ). docholtar in talam lium-sa, ZCP vi 38.21 . Of digging a grave: doclaited a lectus, ACL iii 311.10 (B. na f.). tochlaid an adhnacul, ZCP viii 560 . do túaim adhnacail-si, do tora torc allaidh . . . go rostochla, BNnÉ 325.19 . tochluitt an talam a timchill na puible they dig up the ground around the tent, Maund. 221 . sláinte in ferainn rotochladh ann the reclamation of the land which was rooted up, Laws iv 98. 5. Comm. tochailter in forudh-cnoc leo . . ., CCath. 2508 . contachlad ┐ contógluaiseadh cairrgi troma tuinidi an talman he would dig up and remove heavy boulders, TTebe 873 . uamhanna doimhne ina ttochailtear neithe mianamhla, 3 C 19, 61 va 25 . sigillum lemnium . . . ios annsain (i.e. in the isle of Lemnos) tochailter an talamh so that this earth is dug up, 24 P 32, 57.4 . Fig. tochluidh an duine neimhdhiadha olc `diggeth up evil', Proverbs xvi 27 . tochaltar lucht an tsáruighthe as amach `the transgressors shall be rooted out of it', ii 22 . tochlaidh, tochlaidh (i.e. Jerusalem) go nuige a h-íochtar `raze it, raze it . . .' Psalms cxxxvii 7 . dothochail me ┐ dibh me uisge `I have digged . . .', Isaiah xxxvii 25 . tochlaidh fiadh-chullach na coille í, Psalms lxxx 13 . Fir Domhnann ó na doimhne dothochlaidís i n-úir, Keat. i 194.72 . Used in oppos. to claidid: claiter an fert fair . . . tochailter an fert dorissi ┐ ní frith ann an corp, ZCP viii 560.13 .

Hence pierces, transfixes: dotochliudh a thaoibh sheanga | o chognam cholg ndrithleanda, 3 C 13, 496.5 . tochluidh lé gérbheruibh a chosa, Mac Aingil 122.18 . an chreach choitcheann so thochlas tríthe gach méin tsoineanta, Hackett xxxix 89 .

(b) piles up (earth), trenches, constructs: is he rothochail ar tus | in carn sin, fa caem-arus, Metr. Dinds. iii 422 . ise Amalgaid . . . dotochuil an carnn do fein, Lec. 167a (note). dotocladh caiseal is ráith, Ériu i 98.29 . (of earthen forts) ro tocladh ┐ ro toimhsed, ML² 1109 . is leis dorochlas in dún sin, RC xvi 269 . is les rotochlad corr do breith uisqi indti artus in Erind, Lec. 444a30 .

Vn. tochailt.

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

Domaingin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Domaingin or dil.ie/18064

 

n.pr. m. Domainghin epscop o Tuaim Muscraighe, Mart. Don. 112 (April 29) .

dorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorus or dil.ie/18427

 

Forms: doros, doros, dorus, doruis, dorais, doirseo, doris, doiris, doirsea, doirsi, doirsi, dorse, dorsi, doruis, dorais, torus, doirsi, doirsea, ndoirsea, doirsib, dorsib, doirrsech, dorus, doirsib

n u, n. later o, m. (cf. 1 dor). n s. a nd.¤ , Ml. 132d2 . doros, Thes. ii 292.6 (Mil. Cod.) d s. don doros (: foss), SR 1180 . Usually dorus. g s. doruis, SR 357 , 410 . dorais, LL 200b58 et pass. doirseo, Críth G. 592 = doris, Laws iv 338.15 . doiris, i 144.7 Comm. n p. doirsea, Ml. 46a19 . doirsi, SR 8189 . cetheora doirsi , TBC-LL¹ 5604 . dorse, LU 9386 . dorsi, 2338 . doruis, SR 405 ; Triads 173 . dorais, LL 277a24 ; ZCP viii 108.13 . a p. fris na torus , Ml. 46a12 (see RC xx 114 ). doirsi, SR 412 , 2152 . voc. p. a doirsea , Ml. 46a14 . g p. inna ndoirsea (= ndoirse), 46a16 . d p. doirsib, 46a19 ; SR 358 . dorsib, Gild. Lor. 245 ; PH 6905 . In later lang. pl. occas. shows a guttural stem: g p. doirrsech, BCC § 296 . dorus m., IGT Decl. § 53 .

Gateway, doorway, opening or entrance (in earlier lang. usually distinguished from comla door-valve): gl. porta, Ml. 46a16 , Ir. Gl. 124 ; limen, Ml. 132d2 ; fores, Gild. Lor. 245 . dorus lis porticus, Ir. Gl. 580 . co rancatar . . . doirrsi Eamna, RC xviii 294 . co d.¤ na Trói, LL 238b5 ( TTr. 1601 ). tar doirsibh na Rómha, TSh. 3088 . isin stuag-d.¤ . . . don chathraig arched gateway, TTr.² 1129 . comla d'argut . . . cech doruis, SR 410 . tegdais . . . inna fil act oendoros, Thes. ii 292 . co d.¤ na huamhan, ZCP ii 24 . d.¤ an tuaim , ACL iii 310 . úaimh dorais a cave with an entrance (?), Imr. Brain i 63 . fert aendoruis d'fir . . ., fert co ndib doirsib for mnai, feart cen doirrsi . . . for maccu, for ingena, BB 403b34 (cf. TSh. 5766 ) = rath oendorais, LL 200b58 . for d.¤ a uaigi, PH 2932 . d.¤ in ádnacthi, 2965 . tre dhoirsibh élaidh an bhaile `postern doors', AFM vi 1956 . dorass na heguilsi . . . d'aonchloich amháin itir dī ursain is fordhorus, Fl. Earls 250 . d.¤ puple, TBC-LL¹ 1928 . More specifically door, gate (that which is closed): dorse ia[i]rn for cach slis, LU 9386 . dorsi glainidi, RC iv 248 . ita d.¤ orda for tempull in choimded, YBL 169a24 . rocuirset glas iarnaigi for doras na cubacla, PH 2952 . doirsib foriatta (dat. abs.) with closed doors, PH 6672 , 6685 , 6742 , etc. dorsib foriattaib, 6905 . doirsi na firmiminte, SR 2152 . co mba dúntai . . . doras na flatha nemda, PH 6906 . a d.¤ nime! (of Mary), LB 74a20 . dóirse ifrinn d'iadhadh orra, SG 15 . Aperture, entrance, passage in general: atáit nái ndoirsi ar Ghleann in Scáil passes leading into, Oss. v 48 . as amlaidh ata Glenn mB. ┐ ceithre doirsi ag an ngaoith ann, BS 22 . an d.¤ dorinne an t-aingel tresan teine, RC xxv 394 . ic iarraid a dorais trying to force a passage, TBC-LL¹ 5137 . gur bo doirsi debtha diancrechtacha bruinneada na mBretnach, MR 264 . senistri ┐ doirsi debhtha fair portholes (of a siege-tower), CCath. 1816 . t'iorradh daingen . . . nach éider aond.¤ air in which no opening can be found, O'Gr. Cat. 376 . cetheora doirsi . . . ar cach roth, TBC-LL¹ 5604 . muirlan glas cruind mór ┐ gan doras fair itir, acht 'na certle comchruind, GJ iv 88 ( D IV 2, 50b1 ). do bhris d.¤ ar a bhraghaid, Eochairsg. 102 . Med. le neichib togas lesa ┐ doirsi aran mball openings, incisions , 23 P 10, 150rb22 . doirrsi in c[h]uirp openings of the body, ACL iii 239 § 31 . tanic in bás tar doirsib mo chuirp istech, PH 7805 . ó-doirrsi éistechta ear-passages , MR 232 . coimhéad d.¤ mo phuisíneadh, Psalms cxli 3 . is ime sin tuites [in fuil] cum doruis na nadúire, 3 C 19, 183ra28 . Fig. ar bernadaib baegail no ar doirrsib aideda, BB 446a23 . as d.¤ báis beagshluagh, ML 104 . gurbho doras báis gach cneadh dhíobh, 132 . tri doruis gúa, Triads 173 . doras faghlama in fissin, IGT Decl. ex. 1140 . déanaid doras ar an obair enter on the work, Ó Bruad. ii 70 .

i nd.¤ (with gen.) in front of (see ZCP viii 348 - 9 , BBCS viii 20 ): tánaic óclaech iondoras lis, RC xii 78 . oc cros ind d.¤ lis, Mon. Tall. 151 . i nd.¤ lis, TBC-I¹ 445 (YBL) = i nd.¤ ind lis, LU. for beind chroisse i nd.¤ chille, LL 286b50 . co ndechur am' carpat a nd.¤ in lis, ZCP i 105 . ar in tiprait atá a nd.¤ na ratha, Acall. 4527 . atchonnairc carthe cloiche a nd.¤ in tsída amuich, 7802 . tarrasair in cenn i nd.¤ Hierusalem, SR 2238 . Crist rocrochad . . . i nd.¤ Ierusalem, Ériu iii 194 § 1 . troscem . . . i nd.¤ na cathrach, Thes. ii 311 = Trip. 418 . dia raibe F. ag proigept dona tuathaib a nd.¤ na mainistrech, RC xii 328 . isin oribert dobi a nd.¤ a phalais, Fier. 113 . an tobar bhí i ndoras na hinse, Keat. ii 3289 . in dorusa uerbi at the beginning of a word, Auraic. 1286 . ar d.¤ id.: co n-acadar in aelraith moir . . . ┐ cethror oclach . . . ara d.¤ , Ériu viii 157.4 = ina d.¤ , 15 . roscart maccu na curad . . . ar d.¤ a lis, TBC-LL¹ 949 . rachuir M. . . . cath fri F. for d.¤ Dúni Sobairchi, 2049 .

Compd. ¤bél opening, entrance, passage: im dorusbel na huamha, CCath. 4109 . d. uama, ZCP vi 102 . roléiged d. mór dó isin chath, Fianaig. 92 . d. mór chum na bésti, 66 .

1 dos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dos or dil.ie/18430
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dus, dus, dus, duss, duis, dois, dusu, doss, dos

n u, o, m. ? n s. dus (: Oengus), Metr. Dinds. iii 390.17 . d s. dus, Ériu lxv 128 . dus, TBC-I¹ 2665 = duss, TBC-LL¹ 3460 . g s. duis, dois. a p. dusu, TBC-I¹ 3601 . g p. doss, Thes. ii 290.10 . IGT Decl. § 67 . ? dosae, Ériu xxxix 136 . Bushy tree (poetic word): dos a tall tree with a thick branching head, hence a tall man . . . also . . . a bush, bramble or thicket , P. O'C.

(a) In lit. sense of a tree: airdem dosaiph dair highest of trees is the oak, Auraic. 4275 = ardam dossaibh, 5548 . dairib doss, LL 52b41 . is decmaic mes do beith ar d.¤ mana fuil frēmh aigi, Laws iv 382 Comm. co cualatar in ceol isin dus ibair, SG 311 . d.¤ na righ (one of the three chief trees of Ireland), ZCP v 21 . fir is mna míne fo doss | cen peccad, cen immorboss, Imr. Brain § 41 . ní ba lia (sic leg.) duilli for d.¤ , SG 364 . de dindgnaib doss, Thes. ii 290 (poem).

Copse, thicket: dligid a doss, a derb-chaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 . do-s-neim d.¤ dlúit[h] dairpri rúaidh ( foliage ?), Fianaig. 14 . inmain d.¤ ainglech idhan, | Ros nDairbrech na noeibh-ibur, Lism. L. 4726 . rohoileadh . . . illeptaib feoir ┐ fidnemid ┐ ua dosaib diamraib digaindi darach, TTebe 512 . ar cur agh a huardhosaibh hunting the deer out of cool thickets, Ó Bruad. iii 52 . In n.loc. Cnoc an Dois, CF 263 .

(b) Transf. protector, one who gives shelter or defence, champion, superior (common in poetry and rhetorical prose): nítfia luag . . . nidat doss ós duss (Fer Diad to Cú Ch.), TBC-LL¹ 3460 = TBC-I¹ 2665 . Dauid, ciarbo deoda doss, SR 6799 . roslecht[sat] dia [n]dúis, dia [n]doss their lord, 3467 . doss frēmunn ḟírinne (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 = Rawl. 107b3 . doss fína fíal forglidi, RC xx 146 . dom' d.¤ donnbhailc deghdaire, LL 385b13 . is he dighlas in dus garg, Fen. 68 . ré secht mbliadan déc don d.¤ , LL 127b14 ( MacCarthy 156 ). trí bliadna fa dó don dus, do mac Colmáin, Arch. Hib. ii 83 ( LL 184b45 ). in doss dítnes dronga Domnand, LL 45a31 . testa úadib a ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ d.¤ a ndíten, TTr.² 1208 . Hence doss díten tree of shelter (common epithet of a hero): rapo doss díten . . . leo Conall, CRR § 36 , LL 228b14 (of Hector). ina d.¤ dítin deghlāech, Fianaig. 86 . dā laech . . . dā d.¤ didin, Cog. 56 . ón d.¤ dídin (of Aodh Ua Néill), Hugh Roe 284 . robtar dois didin . . . doibh, 316 . Maelduin in doss díten, Gorm. June 10 . d.¤ ditin (of Mochuta), SG 35 . a dhuis díona in degshlóig, 265 . Exceptionally in abstr. sense: doem d.¤ ditin ar nimtenchus don fhiligh `protection is afforded for the dignity of the poet', Laws i 62 Comm. In compd. with adj. or subst.: Rumel rigd.¤ , SR 796 . rig rodelb Pardos . . . is he ar n-armd.¤ airgdidi, 1300 . is mé Oengus céle Dé | coemd.¤ glē clēre, 8010 . co torchair in caemd.¤ cáin, LL 127b38 ( MacCarthy 156 ). docer coemdoss Cindmara, 128b39 . ria cuanaib na caemdoss, 140b28 . trilis chuanna na caemd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 424 .

In chevilles: Dia dom chomét diplib d.¤ , LL 297a12 (wrongly written d'iplib, SG 364 ) = dib lib d.¤ , Lec. 699a46 . imroéfet fri bérla | ó Róim dítnib doss, LL 119a18 ( PRIA xix 532 ).

In other senses: Hiruad . . . robean aingel Dē da deoin, | dorigne doss cruime de a mass (?) of worms (of Herod, cf. Acts xii 23 ), YBL 138b51 . aradhna . . . go sgoth-dhossaibh for a gcennoip ` tassels ', Fl. Earls 252 .

Compds. ¤aball: confacaid d. díonmór fó bláth a leafy apple-tree , SG 351 . ¤barrach: coillti dlúithi dosbarracha ` bush-topped ', CF 820 . ¤bile: dosbhile buadha ar lár an oilein a luxuriant tree, KMMisc. 322 . ba samhalta re doisbhile mor os fhiodhbaidh, ZCP x 279 . Transf. of a hero: adbath craeb dosbili móir | Aengus Molbtach Mac Nadfraich, RC xvii 120 (Tig.), cf. AFM 489 (dosbhile n-óir). Of a thick head of hair: méit[ithir] cliab búana in dosbili find forórda fil fair, BDD § 97 . dosbili mór fair, FB § 91 . ¤ḟotae: eocrand . . . duillech doss-fota, IT iii 42.14 = dosḟada, 16 ; dosada, 13.7 . ¤galach: dorar ardidlach | eslabar d., LL 5295 ( IT iii 33 , dossg., BB). ¤glan: Tuaim nDoss-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 312 . ¤lebar: do bhí in lomán. . . gégach duilleach doisleabar tall and bushy, Ériu iv 116 . ¤lethan: bile díghainn doislethan leafy and spreading, SG 68 . fo dhoiredhuib dosleathna, Fianaig. 52 . ¤linn: for dolinntib na habann ` bushy pools ', RC xxiii 410 . ¤mag: ar choill | na ndosmhagh uaine aloinn wooded (bushy?) plains , 3 C 13, 720.10 . ¤mailgech bushy-browed , FB § 37 . ¤mór: croind duillecha dosmhóra, BCC § 355 d . coillte díona dosmhóra duillebair, SG 266 . See dosmar.

dregaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dregaid or dil.ie/18611

 

Verb occurring in various meanings, prob. by-form of dringid.

(a) is and drecgais a fúal fola for Meidb .i. scíath díten dar éis fer ṅHerend goro ṡíblursa m'ḟual úaim, TBC-LL¹ 6077 . a fual dudreg is a rí | de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420.4 = a f. do dregadh sin ri, Lec. 621b42 .

(b) dreagaid .i. comraicid, Stowe Gl. 73 . geibidh tennchair caor nduibhdheirg | ima ndreagaid alla uird `around which huge hammers contend', RC ix 232 . ? is cath ac Tuaim Drubaid dregaid for sluag Conacht, Lec. 140a30 .

(c) dreagait .i. demnigter (leg. demnighit?), Stowe Gl. 72 .

Druba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Druba or dil.ie/18838

 

Forms: Drua

in n.loc. cath Tuama D.¤ , Tig. 501 ( RC xvii 123 ). cath Tuama Drubha, SG ii 471.32 = Drua, Lec. 138a22 . cath ag Tuaim Drubaid | dregaid for sluag Conacht, Lec. 140a30 . See Hog. Onom. , ITS xv .

1 én,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 én, or dil.ie/20038
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: én, éu, eóuin, eóin, én, eiúin, euin, eoin, eún, eon, én, én, eóin, eoin, éin, eoin, heónu, heona, euna, ṅén, én, én

n o, m. a bird: n s. essen didiu ni hēn chadacht no ni hēn clūmda cedacht [sic leg.] not yet a fledged bird Corm. Y 511 (cf. cadacht, Thes. ii 252.18 . cedacht, Wb. 27d13 ). én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 . int én bec 343.14 . cuach findruini ┐ én óir for a lár, FB 60 . én do lic lógmair, 62 . in t-ēn gaires as in tsail | ālainn guilbnén is glan gair, IT iii 47.3 . éu, Anecd. i 28 § 27 . v s. a eóuin Accla, 24.15 . a eóin , 25 § 4 . a s. sénais inn ēn luamnech the fluttering bird Hy v 64 . amal én LU 69b17 = TBC-I¹ 1259 . nomad loighi na circi in gach en da henaib an airet bet re cois for every chick Laws iii 380.2 . g s. do anmaim ind eiúin , Sg. 93a2 . i ndeilb euin RC iii 346.19 . suide eoin , Hy v 1 . bés éoin ar luamain TBC-LL¹ 3615 . a chride ind eoin ittig, 3462 . tré sciath n-ete indala héoin, SCC 7 . hi tuaim inn eouin, CCC 5 (Eg.). i rricht eoin = sub specie avis Todd Lect. v 20.8 . guth eoin bhinn do bhilibh GF, Ériu v 54.43 . sgéala gach eóin don ealta, TD 15.27 . guth a néin, Eccles. xii 4 . d s. dund eún , Ml. 118b10 (ref. to pellicanus). donn eon , ACL iii 234.15 . Dán Dé ix 24 . n du. in dá én , SCC 6 . a du. da én , 7 . CCC 2 . g du. a ndeilb da eun finn, RC iii 346.34 . d du. don dá éan, TD 15.31 . n p. amal donemat eoin a suthu as birds protect their young Ml. 39c22 . amal ṁbite in euin utmaill sin (ref. to locustae) 127c12 . ind eóin , FA 33 (LU. ina heoin LB). ind eoin , SCC 5 . an éin , CCC 2 (LU). eoin aititin (.i. cerca ┐ geodh) `domestic fowl' Laws v 166.5 . eoin mara...eoin moige ná móna ...eoin choilledh, O'Gr. Cat. 487.14 . a p. dossib...inna heónu will hunt the birds LU 129a40 . 63a3 . ina heona TBC-I¹ 708 . gin euna , CCC 4 (Eg.). fostaid ocht n-eono díb, TBC-LL¹ 1335 . fastaid sé eóin déc díb, 1336 (heona St). g p. trírech inna ṅén , Thes. ii 290.8 . foraim én , SCC 5 . irrechtaib én nglégel, FA 33 . iall én , TBC-LL¹ 1952 . ingne éan, TSh. 3466 . d p. d'iasc ┐ di enaib, IT ii 173.8 . dona héanaibh, TD 15.28 . TSh. 3057 .

Special uses: a éan coluim ar cheannsa O dove for gentleness Dán Dé i 19 . gan uiread eoin chirce da mhaoin féin so much as a chick (? cf. under eréne, éirín(e), above, and Cog. 48.19 ) Keat. iii 2756 .

Fig., etc. nipu ēn comadus ina n-ēill not a suitable bird for their flock (of an uncomely fellow seeking to join a party of poets) Corm. Bodl. p. 180 . an t-ēn oirdnidi (of St. Gregory) YBL 164a47 = ZCP xii 368.3 . e.¤ baile bird of ecstasy (fig. for dream of love (?), the kisses of Mac ind Óc): eoin bale batar oc athigid Chairpri L. do Ráith Chairpri...cetheora póca in Meic Ooc ros delb i rricht cethri n-én co mbetís ic togairad cǽm nHerend, LL 166a22 . Dinds. 117 . Cf. Metr. Dinds. iv 212 . A Luim Laine nacham luaid | ...manibetis leca Luigdech lis | eoin bic baile rot betis were it not for the `leca L. l.' the birds of ecstasy (?) would be with thee LL 145b14 (cf. ZCP viii 107.6 and n 0 . MS. Mat. 478 . iii lecca lis Luighdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul , RC xxiii 324 x ). é.¤ crosse: co hén crossi .i. saland `the bird of a cross—salt' MacCongl. 101.1 = co hen croithe (= croiche ?) 127.16 . eóin erchoille (v.l. earcaille), name given to a class of mercenaries , Triads 230 . é.¤ finn: éun fionn `ossifrage or white Eagle' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 289 ( ACL iii 155 ). é.¤ catha a bird-standard, an ensign: ra tócbait a signi sitharda ┐ a n-eóin chatha, LL 239b38 = TTr. 1702 . é.¤ gaile bird of valour, a phenomenon supposed to accompany the martial fury of heroes (cf. O. Ir. lúan láith): atrácht a én gaile ós a anáil, LL 225a47 (= TTr. 600 ). ra eirgetar a n-eoin gaile ós a n-analaib, 239b41 (= TTr. 1706 ). Fianaig. 94. 13 . adraig a en gaile co mbai for luamain uasa cind, Aen. 2567 . Cog. 188 . FDG 237 = MR 32.9 . én gualann pet bird: én gualann Dé (ep. of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340.9 .

COMPDS.: ¤abdul of big birds (?): conid fordub cu aér n-enadbul uas a cennaib as far as the sky where the great birds soar (?) LL 265a7 = MU 20.28 .

¤amar bird-song (?): tiaguit inn eoin remib...ba haluinn in t-enlorg ┐ in t-enamar cachnaitir for a lluamuin CCC 2 Eg. = ba cáin in t-énlorg ┐ t-énamar bói leu LU. e.¤fhlaith bird reign, bird kingdom BDD 16.171 and p. 121 .

¤lorg a flight of birds (?): see under ¤amar, above, and: suairc in t-énlorg én álainn | ní scélborb amar scáilim SG 347.18 .

¤ogam bird-ogam , a cipher in which the letters are denoted by names of birds, as `e' by `ela' and so on, Auraic. 5692 .

With pref. sen-én ancient bird i.e. a hawk, crow: sen-ēn .i. prechan no seabac ut est smacht peta seneoin ┐ sinnaig, O'Dav. 1414 = peata seneóin (.i. sebaicc), Laws iv 114.11 ( 16 ). i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246 b6 (= IT iii 244.35 ). in da ṡin-én hí sin, 246b20 = IT iii 244.45 . siabra ┐ seneoin (hovering over a battlefield), Cog. 174.10 .

fairche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairche or dil.ie/21146

 

n , f. (Mid. Ir. form of O. Ir. parche < parūchia) a parish, or monastic diocese , used in wide sense of the sphere of authority or influence of a particular cleric, and esp. of the ecclesiastical district or group of monasteries ruled by the same abbot (see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i p. cxii ) : cech apstal ina ḟairche ndílis fodessin, LB 153a48 . fairchi iarthair Midhi do chur le cathair Cluana maic Nóis `the diocese of Westmeath' RC xviii 291 (Tig.) = do roinnedh fairce ceall Fer Mide ar dhó etir Epscop Cluana muc Nois ┐ Epscop Cluana Iraird, CS 1107 . dona faircheadhaibh nó dona dioséisibh is da dteorannaibh amhail do horduigheadh san tSeanadh so Rátha Breasail, Keat. iii 4715 . Fairche Thuama `the see of Tuaim ' 4737 . o Eirne go Sionainn suairc | f.¤ mo chiosa the district of my tribute (of St. Maedóc) BNnÉ 238.18 . báoi gnathughadh oc Ciaran fora mhancaibh gusan fairci bai léo, 108.36 . Banba ben C[h]uinn chédchathaig | don bannaeimh as í as fairche Banba (i.e. Ireland) is the saint's diocese (of Gobnat) ZCP xiii 19.24 . In loose sense a territory, district, etc. : for fairchi in arathair ploughing-field Fél. 72.22 . fairche faltshoilse th'fhuinn ghloin, Measgra D. 50.23 . sgotha fíona in gach f.¤ , Content. xxx 11 . falamh gach f.¤ (gl. fásach gacha fearainn) Ó Bruad. iii 178 .

See pairche.

folmaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folmaigid or dil.ie/23144

 

v g (1 folam)

I

(a) empties: gac[h] ní ḟolmhuighthir dibh bith lan doridhisi (of vats), Ériu iii 164 § 19 . conā falmaigthea na tuatha o na Cristaigib lest ... should be emptied of (left without) Christians LB 153b15 . teidm mor galair ... tresa folmaigti na bailida can duine beo do facbail intib, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 27 . do ḟolmhuigh a soithech ann sa numar, Gen. xxiv 20 .

(b) despoils (of inhabitants, goods, etc.), lays waste ( tug chuige ... creacha Mumhan ... Clar Urmhumhan gur fholmhaigh, L. Cl. A. B. 108 , may be a fig. use of a) : cur ro folmaigh ┐ curro diláithrigh rempi an doman (of a serpent), CCath. 3863 . doriachtamarne tri catha na Féinne da dighailt, ┐ do falmaigemar in chrich ┐ in ferann, Acall. 2052 . ri ro falmaig ┐ ro fasaig Connachta ar Gallaib ┐ ar Gaidelaib, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . ro falmuighedh Tuaim ┐ ro losced Cell B., RC xviii 298y . cor falmaichedh tricha ced Ciannacht doibh `was desolated by them' AU ii 224 = co ro folmhaighedh ... leó, ALC i 196 . gur folmhuigheadh tíortha ┐ treabha ; iatha ┐ aicmeadha aca, ML 8.1 (= gur folmaighid ML² 90 ).

(c) Med., purges: dona leighesaibh ... folmaighios linn ruadh, O'Gr. Cat. 175x . ni folmuigter in spirut ... o folmugad ele, Rosa Angl. 150.3 . Of bleeding or cupping [dleghur an adharc do chur] a clais cuil in cinn ┐ folmaighe si ona ballaib ainmidhi ann sin, Reg. San. c. xxvii . folmuigid sí an t-adbar, RSláinte iii 10.159 . Cf. co folmuigeann sī co mothuigtheach, 10.142 .

II Vacates (a place), generally in sense of ceding (see SGS i 31 ) : ra falmaiged in bruiden la Conchobor, LL 173a24 ( CRR 13 ). cuinnegar ... baile coro falmaigther duib LL 281b2 . falmaigis Dagda a dún, Ériu vii 227.17 . ra falmaiged dunad ┐ longphort dó, TBC-LL¹ 4520 . ni falmuighthi an longport enfecht dib, RC xviii 48.21 (Tig.). do folmaiged in dúnadh co deifirech leó, CCC 78y . Cf. ró falmhuíghedh leth na cathrach dhi .i. don peist = euacuata est deinde dimedia pars ciuitatis 23 M 7, 186 (= folmaiged, PH 7219 ; leg. folmaigit ?).

oircél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oircél or dil.ie/33695
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oircel

n m.

(? Lat. orcellus, Studies on Early Ireland 16 ). (a) a trough : bla muc oircel, Laws iii 242.13 . g s. torc orcela a trough-hog (i.e. a home-fed one), i 122.6 . cu bhfuair [in mac] isinn orcel i raibhi ┐ sé oc cluichi frisna tonna `in the trough (?)', Lism. L. 2170 (of a child fallen from a cliff into the sea).

(b) chute of a mill : oircel, Laws i 124.18 (one of the parts of a mill, glossed .i. dar a cel ṡilis in t-uisci, 140.19 ). pl. docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile amail orceil tairechtae (of opposing ocean-currents), Corm. Y 323. muilend .x. forcél, FB 52 ( LU 8699 ) = dec n-oirccel, Eg. ? ancid sreba ar oircelaib, ZCP viii 104.4 .

2 paist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 paist or dil.ie/34164

 

n a spirit, spectre (B. na f.): paist .i. sbirad, Lec. Gl. 247 . paisd .i. spirad, H 3.18 p. 666b ( O'Curry 1491 ). paist .i. spirit, ut est : doroirbi paist a Senchain .i. spirat na eicsi, H 4.22 p. 67c ( O'Curry 2077 ); the quotation is from Cormac s.v. prull: dot-rorbai peist, a Senchain, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.7 ) = beist, Corm. 37.3 ; paist may be a B. na f. transformation of píast or péist. ? confacatur chuca in paist daigh tar dorus an tuaim , ACL iii 310 vii (B. na f.).

1 sech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sech or dil.ie/36742
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sechum, seacham, seocham, sechut, seachad, seochad, [se]chae, secha, sechai, seochu, seacha, secci, seicce, seice, sechoinne, sechond, seochainni, sechund, sechoind, seachoinn, sechaib, seccu, seocu, seoca, secco, secha, sechat

prep. folld. by acc.: secach (= sech cach) ṅguidi, Wb. 25a28 . sech alaili dliged `apart from other sayings', Ml. 18c11 . sech ilar mban, IT i 80.13 ( LMU § 18 ). seach mór-fhairrge gcoimhleathain . . . A., Fl. Earls 120.8 . In later lang. also by dat.: sech lecnaib, Bruchst. § 84 (= IT iii 90 § 119 ). sech rennaib, MU² 410 . seach orāistidhip, Fl. Earls 250.1 . Lenites a follg. initial: sech thenlach, Bürgschaft 28 § 76c . sech thegdais, Lat. Lives 65.4 . seach Theamair, BDD² 174 . sech bhilibh, ML² 1720 . seoch dhula, Keat. ii 2606 . With rel.: inna lloc secha retham, Ml. 120b2 . na daire . . . secha táncamar indé, MU² 371 . seach ar leagadh . . . i gcré, Keat. Poems 611 .

With suff. pron. s. 1 sechum, TBC-LL¹ 1172 . seacham, TFrag. 6.11 . seocham, BNnÉ 86 § 176 . DDána 101.41 . TSh. 551 . s. 2 sechut, LU 8193 . seachad, DDána 101.4 . seochad, 65.5 . 3 s. m. and n. [se]chae, Wb. 24a17 . secha, LU 9065 . TBC-LL¹ 975 . sechai, BDD² 1498 . LU 8225 ( FB 17 ). seochu, Laws iii 70.14 Comm . seacha, DDána 113.18 . f. secci, Lat. Lives 82.6 . PH 7211 . seicce, Ériu iii 164 § 19 . seice, DDána 39.33 . 1 pl. sechoinne, Thes. ii 325.2 ( Hy. iv pref . ). sechond, IT i 72.15 ( LMU 9 ). TBC-LL¹ 1143 . seochainni, LU 3991 ( SCC 45 ). sechund, TBC-LL¹ 646 . sechoind, CRR 21 . seachoinn, DDána 121.8 . TD 17.16 . 2 pl. sechaib, LL 304b1 ( SG 380.15 ). 3 pl. seccu, Wb. 23b13 . Laws iv 176.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1327 . PH 2937 . seocu, Laws iv 214.28 Comm . LU 3280 (H) ( SCC 7 ). seoca, Anecd. ii 78 § 6 . Stair Erc. 61 . secco, TBC-LL¹ 2433 .

The general sense is past, beyond (lit. and fig.).

(a) after words expressing or implying motion: ní aírmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit [act a] mbis ara chiunn condid tar[la se]chae until he comes past it, Wb. 24a17 . a fide nó s.¤ hiriss (gl. circa fidem exciderunt), 29c12 . s.¤ gl. (quod hunc lunae progressum) ultra (solem), Thes. ii 22.39 ( BCr. 33d2 ). ronsnādat a nnōebitge | hi flaith nime s.¤ pīana `may her holy prayers protect us into Heaven's Kingdom past pains', Thes. 348.7 ( Hy. v 92 ). cipe inruiret oc dul seccu iar na chonair, Laws iv 176.22 . amal bid do thecht secha, IT i 72.14 ( LMU 9 ). slige dano, doscuet carpait s.¤ alaile, Corm. Y 1082 . s.¤ Dun Delca dar Mag Slicech, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). addaci Briccriu sechai, LU 8225 ( FB 17 ). nis arlaic s.¤ ard a glúne súas ┐ nis arlaic s.¤ a adbrond sis, TBC-LL¹ 901 - 2 . taidlech a cniss ┐ a colla s.¤ a timthach sechtair, 211 . ra chomérig grían s.¤ comchruinni in talman, MU² 454 . bēim . . . s.¤ cimais an c[h]roim-sgēith, ML² 1250 . intan raide int shillaib toisich, todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach ┐ seachmadhato seachat int shillab thoisenach, Auraic. 92 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu, PH 2937 . ro-s-cuirset assin sinagoig ┐ s.¤ in cathraig himmach he, 110 . ascnait seach mōrfhairrge gcoimhleathain gcomfhairsing Adriatica, Fl. Earls 120.8 .

With the sense of avoiding, eluding, escaping: tre ghoimh míleadh Mhuighe Fhloinn | gach duine ag síneadh seachoinn, DDána 121.8 . dá dteagmhainn duid ar druim róid | seocham do ghéabhtha, a Ghearóid, 101.41 . neach nach tréig báire an bheatha | téid beatha as sáimhe seocha, Dán Dé vii 3 . ní fhuair E. baeghal in tuir seocha `was unable to effect an entry past it (sc. a gate) into the tower', Stair Erc. 1193 .

léicid secha, léicid sech (láim) omits, passes over: in triar is taire do lecon s.¤ laim con cranncur `to be set aside from the lot-casting', Laws iii 40.7 Comm . léigim na secht Kallanda sin seacham, TFrag. 6.11 . léigeam seachoinn seal eile | . . . | gan bheith re cuma a gcána `I forbear for a space . . . to recount their tributes', TD 17.16 . léig sin seachad let that pass, Maguires of F. 90 .

(b) freq. with suff. pron. referring to subject of preceding verb of going, looking, putting, etc., somet. adding very little to the meaning of the vb., and to be translated, if at all, out, forth, up (cf. 6 ré II (b)): slan don cumail dair a lec ┐ a losat do chur seici, Laws iii 274.19 Comm . dale sechut ol se a curadmir n-ugut do L., LU 8193 ( FB 14 ). cech inocba secha sūas | conitnaice dotuit sīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16 . ragatsa sechum fo des I will proceed, TBC-LL¹ 1172 . tair sechut sís ar in lind come away down, 1297 . tuc a laimh seicce `she put out her hand', Ériu iii 164 § 19 . as a haithle sin adbert Fer D. seaca re araidh, ZCP x 285.11 . déch sechat dia fhis cret itcife `look yonder', iv 384.18 . guruho measca meadhair-caoin uili iat, gur thuit gach aon dīobh seacha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 858 . in silliud rosill secha ar na sluagaib, TTebe 3288 . demhan . . . | do chuires, a náoimh-chléirigh, | 'sa móin secham soir, Irish Texts iv 91 § 3 . tug súil seacha ┐ atchí an machaire lán do mharcshluagh, Keat. iii 1019 . don chomhrádh do chanus ribh | focal seachad san slighidh | féchthar libh nar léig tusa, L. Cl. A. B. 65.10 . is mar sin téid seacha glóir an domhain, TSh. 421 . Cf. do-chuaidh mo shláinte seocham amhail néall (pertransiit), 551 . ticc dá theacht . . . | mo chur sechum ar sáobh-chéill, Ériu ix 6.54 .

Probably from this usage secha (3 s.) and sechat (2 s.) came to be used as adverbs meaning away, by , past, beyond : ? secha sís, ZCP v 501.3 . doléigedar sin seachad seal `they let that pass for a while', Ériu v 172.159 . atá súil agum ré sibhse dhfaicsin ag gabháil seacha dhíbh, Romans xv 24 . dochuadar so uile seocha amhail sgáile (transierunt . . .), TSh. 946 . triall seacha mar aoighidh (transi, hospes), 3706 . ní theilgfe mé seachad íad I will not cast them aside, Levit. xxvi 44 . ag rioth seachad ar R. `running past R.', Rel. Celt. ii 188.29 . ? To this: an drong do chuáidh a seachad a ttír na Hassíria `which were ready to perish', Isaiah xxvii 13 .

(c) after vbs.¤, etc., of growing, increasing: forbairt s.¤ a frecndairc `increase beyond the present', Sg. 167a3 . efficiunt s.¤ a mmascul (of some feminine nouns), 114a5 . forbeir s.¤ aní as anchises gl. Anchisiades, 32a1 . s.¤ positi na conparite oa mbiat `beyond the positives of the comparatives from which they are' (gl. augent), 45a8 .

(d) in preference to, rather than, more than, instead of : æit leu precept domsa seccu `they are jealous that I preach rather than they', Wb. 23b13 . conicsom . . . nad labrathar de se s.¤ nach persin ind ṡainriuth `it is able not to speak de se rather than any person especially', Sg. 199b5 . cia doberat onóir duit sechoinne `rather than us', Thes. ii 325.2 ( Hy. iv pref . ). necessitas metri tuc sund Iuda s.¤ Iudea instead of, Goid. 63.21 . ised on ailes cach cet la deolaid s.¤ na cricha olchena `in preference to the other districts', Laws iv 206.4 . in saine [sin] isin cochull . . . s.¤ a beth for oen dath instead of its being, Trip. clxxxviii 15 . iss é no ndlig s.¤ ócu Ulad archena, LU 8194 ( FB 14 ). cia maith fogniat, in tan moltair s.¤ cách, TBC-LL¹ 416 . is do grásaibh an Spioraid Naoimh douí an bisech sin ar Lasair s.¤ gach adhbar eile da raibhe ag Molaise rather than on any other student, Ériu v 74.34 . cid dia tancatar do Ierusalem s.¤ Bethil Iúda?, PH 6973 . cid ara ndentar celebrad isna trathib-sea sechna trathib ele, KMMisc. 144 § 1 . rugadar Dál Riada do rogha Scotia do thabhairt ar Albain seoch Hibernia do thabhairt uirre, Keat. ii 5801 . adhbhar . . . fá ndeachaidh don Fhraingc seoch dhula i dtír oile, ib. 2606 .

(e) different from, other than: hua sainbás s.¤ cách `by a special death different to all', Ml. 73d7 . cib é dianid sháil delb do gabail de s.¤ amal ata, is brécaire, PH 6052 .

(f) as against, as distinct from: coná baí aithgne neich s.¤ alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cairm i fetar fīr s.¤ gō, ZCP vii 307.6 . ní fes a béo seach a marb, RC x 70.11 (ICM). ní hurusa . . . | aithne ar fhear seach araile, DDána 85.19 . bīt na cōic cnapāin sin forsna horāistidhip sin . . . seach orāistidhip oile an domain, Fl. Earls 250.1 . comharthadha . . . lé n-aithéonam an aithrighi fhírindech seoch an aithrighi mbreguigh, Mac Aingil 133.3 .

(g) more than, to a greater degree than, above, beyond, in addition to: s.¤ na huili predicta gl. super omnia, Wb. 27b20 . s.¤ mo chomáessa gl. (proficiebam . . .) supra multos coaetaneos meos, 18c16 . secach (= s.¤ cach) ṅguidi `beyond every prayer' (gl. abundantius orantes), 25a28 . du-farcai s.¤ cach ndíne he excels beyond any generation, ZCP lxi 1-3 ( Thes. ii 295 § 2 SP v) . aradéni són s.¤ cach sruth, Ml. 93b10 . do doinib ┐ do iudeib s.¤ cách, 51c12 . s.¤ gl. (si enim) super (omnes alias partes orationis finit personas pronomen), Sg. 197a10 . nem insin nad chonrícthar s.¤ nem nathrach, Ml. 33d10 . cóic ṡenchléthe forcraid laiss s.¤ airig forggaill, Críth G. 436 . cun ngealut da dartuid fri ro dam, ┐ cungelut da dartuid s.¤ ro dam `as much as . . . more than the great ox', Laws ii 74.18 Comm . aon biadh imurail ogasidhe s.¤ a tochus riam `in addition to', i 60.27 Comm . ita trian forcraid . . . in mulieribus s.¤ na firu, Mon. Tall. 149.13 . ālad . . . .i. fola-dath .i. dath fola fair s.¤ in slán, Corm. Y 87 . intlecht i ndreich s.¤ cech raind intellect (is situated) particularly in the countenance, ACL iii 223.8 . berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta s.¤ in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60 ( RC xv 458 ). is e do-rat seirc sainredaig dó, s.¤ cech n-apstal, PH 1923 . ní fiú é an bheatha do bhir | gidh bé do shir seacha soin whosoever seeks anything more than that, Dán Dé ix 33 . cidh do maith . . . doghní-si do Dia seochamsa? BNnÉ 86 § 176 . nir leic ind n-itu . . . labra secha sin don rig, TTebe 1775 . ar an méd as pearsuin di seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha apart from, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.10) . ar a n-áille seoch mh'inghean féin `so far do they excel my daughter in beauty', Keat. iii 2801 . seach ar leagadh riamh i gcré, | doilghe dhuit thú féin, Keat. Poems 611 .

(h) without : huare rombí cechtar de s.¤ alaill because each of the two can exist apart from the other, Sg. 29b16 . co forcongar forsna bechaib fobith is annsa athgabail neich diib seich ind aile `how are the bees made liable, since it is so difficult to seize upon any one of them beyond another?', Laws ii 120.24 Comm . s.¤ .i. leith amuith, O'Curry 2066 ( H 4.22, fo. 67 ).

Implying without (the consent, knowledge or co-operation of), independently of, in disregard of: ni s.¤ comairli dáe `it is not without God's counsel', (gl. per uoluntatem Dei), Wb. 29d1 . nach comairle dong[ní] duine s.¤ dia, Ml. 51b27 (contrasted with la fortacht dae). nīmthairle erchor amnas | s.¤ Macc Dé medras bodras without the consent of, Thes. ii 352.3 ( Hy. vi 13 ). atait secht cuir foceird mac beo-athar s.¤ a athair, Laws v 284.25 . mac donither do cumail i tothla s.¤ flaith `secretly unknown to the chief', 198.3 . lanamnus comtincuir . . . ni bi cor cor nechtar da lina s.¤ araile, ii 356.z . bean fri tabar coibche indichligh (= i ndíchlid) seach a athair (i.e. without the knowledge of her father), iv 60.11 . sigh do denum seoch Cairpri fria Mac Con, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . Cf. dogníat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha s.¤ aígedu . . . in Comded (i.e. in disregard of the rights of), LU 2178 . melair blethe s.¤ mulleóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.16 . cora gaib cairddes s.¤ Dia fri B. in disregard of God, Rawl. 79b3 . do gen-sa mo dail secha, MR 70.7 = mad áil dogentar seacha, FDG 620 . robratad flaith M. seccu, ZCP viii 309.3 . Muire . . . | ní daorfuidhear sinn seice, DDána 39.33 .

immasech (imb+a n- (poss. pron. 3 pl.)+sech, see GOI § 841 D . ). Also 'masech, 'mosech, fosech. in turn, (each) in (his) turn, one by one: ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí; ó do-coīset rind i., nī fess coich less coich amless, ZCP xi 84 § 32 (seach aroile, v.l.). immon Michil lasin crosfigillso immon Muiri lasind crosfigell naile i., Mon. Tall. 28 (137.z) . foscerd īarom imonsech fo c[h]osmailess lūathrinde ┐ do-cuireadar cach āi i tūaim alaile (of three currents meeting and forming a vortex), Corm. Y 323 (27.24) . rochind . . . cipe tan atbalad epscop Doruuernensis epscop Caire do hordned neich na inad ┐ in fer aile masech, Anecd. iii 75.16 . roraid cach dib ris 'mosech . . ., SR 3111 . cechtar dé i. cucai beus día bualad, LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). coíc srotha . . . ┐ na sloigh imaseach ic ol a husci, IT iii 195 § 35 ('maseach, v.l.). teít in crod a seilb cach áin | . . . teít masech in saegul suail, LL 306b27 ( SG 385.28 ). ras-cuir imma sech i n-urairdi ┐ i n-ísli, MU² 543 . frecraid in challech fósech | ┐ frecraid in méidech, RC vii 298.139 . i. fris-sin on the other hand, PH 4048 . Petar . . . imasech dogníd-som hicc clam in (his) turn, 1734 . ri is mo fuair do thubaisib . . . ┐ ro tocbad Dia estib imaseach one after another, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . ro-n-gonadh, ro gonsam nech, | ro chuirsim ār sluaig fā sech, ML² 234 . do-chuaidh . . . | lucht na cruinne . . . | fa seach uile go hIofronn, DDána 20.12 . ní bhí an saoghal acht fa seach this life lasts only its turn, Dán Dé xxvi 18 . do fechadh fa seach boill a cuirp, Smaointe B. Chr. 774 . atáid imriosna Ultach, | atáid cogtha Connachtach, | fa seach 'gá n-iomaithbhear ort `severally', TD 21.2 . eich an dúin . . . | do-chiú arís a rioth fa seach `one by one', 11.12 . Cf. fetur an tabur do dilegad aris, ┐ ma sech tar eis a ceile `separately', Rosa Angl. 262.4 . an t-ór 's an t-airgead dá spíonadh, | do bhronn, do scaip fá seach, Keat. Poems 846 . ag so suidhte fá seach orra here in turn are the proofs of them, TSh. 6518 . deabhtha meince uadha for Ghallaibh ┐ imaseach ó Ghallaibh fairsiomh, AFM iii 278.6 . creacha eile do dhénamh lá macaibh Aodha ar Ghallaibh ┐ ar a nesccairdibh Gaoidhealda co ro loitedh an tír eatorra imáseach amne, 284.22 . cath i. seems to mean a battle in which there was a return to the fight after an interval: bellum imesech in campo Singittae . . . ubi Flann . . . et Dubduin . . . ceciderunt in altera congressione belli, et Colgu et Aedh . . . in prima congressione , AU i 162.15 = cath immesech, RC xvii 224.2 (Tig.).

cuirid fo sech leads astray, upsets : is mairg cuirit sein fo sech | briathra millsi na meirdrech, ACL iii 239 § 19 . romcuir Áth Senaig fa sech | rom-deagail is mo duaisbreth, Irish Texts ii 11 § 7 . Domhnall ua Néill . . . | sgél do chuir na slóigh fa seach | go bhfuair bás i nArd Soileach, L. Cl. A. B. 25.y . Cf. imásech dano doralatar .i. ní hinund slighi roghabhsat na Troiannae dochum na long, ┐ rogab Ercoil . . . dochum na Trói, TTr.² 152 .

Of position: saidis fodén ina shuide, ┐ a dí choiss imasech `crossed', MacCongl. 65.4 .

tacha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tacha or dil.ie/39399

 

n (f. ? Cf. tacha mhór, ALC i 138.7 )

(a) want, necessity, scarcity : .i. teirce, O'Cl. ba tairm t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 458.108 . toraind nar t.¤ tirim `an allotment neither scanty nor sterile,' iv 340.4 . tuar neith ina dtú t.¤ `in which I am poor,' Dán Dé vii 3 . t.¤ (sic leg.) gan tidhlucud, ZCP viii 209.13 . Frequ. with foll. gen. : t.¤ broit na biid, Goid. 104.8 (Lib. Hymn.). t.¤ connaidh, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . do dhíth t.¤ a ngníomh 's a ngal for there is no scarcity of their valiant deeds, Hackett xliii 91 . t.¤ lúidh ná lámaig, O'Gr. Cat. 504.21. t.¤ neirt, 376.5 . t.¤ tapaid, MR 268.23 .

In phrases with various prepp. : srotha ar t.¤ a reatha, Ó Bruad. i 54 . With cen plentiful, abundant, fruitful, frequent : in túaim cen t.¤ rothag `the plenteous stead he chose,' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.103 . tir gan t.¤ fruitful , Fen. 210.25 . an fear gan t.¤ tréighthe `who lacked no talents,' Ó Bruad. i 14 . dogníthe cen t.¤ thair | óenach Macha 'sin mór-maig `in full numbers,' Metr. Dinds. iv 124.19 . robris C. cathu | gen tachu cen techtu (trebhthu, MS.), Todd Nenn. 148.6 . gan t.¤ gan toirmeasc without fail , ZCP i 130.19 . uadib rachin É. | ni scéla co t.¤ , LL 46a34 . roclass fo th.¤ thair ` in solitude ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.95 . in-nochta ┐ i t.¤ n-etaig, PH 6158.

(b) hardship, distress, extremity : fíoch na ríogh, t.¤ na dtuath, DDána 79.18 . a bhfuair do th.¤ um thulaigh nI., 83.10 . treinfir as treise i dtac[h]a, O'Gr. Cat. 505.1.

tairissem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairissem or dil.ie/39731

 

Forms: tairisme, tairismhi, toiriseamh, -imh, -mhe, toirisimh, -smhe, t.

n u, m. vn. of do-airissedar. g s. in grian-tairisme , ZCP xvii 229.25 . in tairismhi , CCath. 5966 . toiriseamh (g s. -imh, -mhe) m., IGT Decl. § 101 . toirisimh (g s. -smhe), f., § 150 .

I remaining, staying, continuing, delaying: tairisiomh .i. comhnaidhe, O'Cl. len .i. tairisim, ut est len a ndiamair, O'Mulc. 784 . for mbuithsi i niriss et in t.¤ donairissid indi `the steadfastness with which ye abide in it,' Wb. 14c43 . techt ┐ tairisem ┐ suide gl. (non) stetit, Ml. 15a1 . tairisem ind aiso firien isnaib fochaidib ` continuance ', 54a13 . t.¤ don muir `that the sea should stand still,' 129d5 . dorochóinset arndabeth in tairisem hi robatar riam `they despaired of having the state in which they had been before,' 131c9 . t.¤ gl. stabulum ` stability ,' Sg. 50a18 . t.¤ indala rainne cen diall `the persistence of one of the two parts without declension,' 74b7 . do thairisem hi pardus, SR 1276 . messe ragas for astur ... | ropad ferr lim tair[i]sem, LU 3928 . bid bocht cech rí cen chuind tairismi oca .i. tri cuind tairismi dlegair don ríg oca .i. tri puirt, LL 188b15 (cf. RC xxvi 38.1 ). in tan rosiacht in slog in tracht ┐ in talum thuaid i tairisim reached a permanent position in the north (?), LB 118b22 = BB 240b32 . iar tairisiem after a while , Anecd. ii 42.20 . a loc tairisme in chráeis (of the body), PH 8239 . tairisim do cach dib isin cor ro lá o bélaib `each party is to abide by the contract which he made by word of mouth,' Laws i 50.3 Comm. cu taircsin tairisme `offer of lodging,' ii 30.8 Comm. an feadh beas neach ag eisteacht aifrinn an oiread sin do toirisiumh an ifrinn aigi, Lib. Flav. i 36d12 .

II

(a) stopping, halting, ending: o hIndeoin co Lainnén nicon bía tairissem (sic leg. ?) sair (of the rout of an army), Ériu iii 141.199 . aircc Nóe do thairisim for sléib Arménia come to rest, ii 198.5 . ro élaidhset san aidhche gan nach taireseamh co ndeachatar tar Tuaim , AFM iii 118.3 . is coimdess di-sside tairissium o fhotaib ┐ cuimrib for this can end either in long or short (syllables), IT iii 101.12 . tairisem fo fid i tosach in anma stopping at a letter at the beginning of a noun (of an Ogam in which, if the first syllable of the word is identical with the name of the initial letter, this letter is written for the syllable, e.g. q (queirt) le = certle), Auraic. 5811 . tairsem fo fid i ndeirid in anma (Mael R = M. Ruis), 5818 . See Macalister, Secret Languages 47 .

(b) griant.¤ solstice: da grientairisem ┐ aequinoctium , BCr. 35b1 . i llō in grian-tairisme shámruta, ZCP xvii 229.25 . equinochtia ┐ griantairisme, Lec. 167c30 .

(c) withstanding, resisting, standing out against (frequ. in military sense): ni asse tacre na t.¤ fris `not easy is it to gainsay or withstand it,' Wb. 25b14 . cid terissem namma nírbu toraisse leis gl. resistendum `he had not the confidence even to stand,' Ml. 34c17 . hi t.¤ `in standing firm,' 137d9 . anerlatu co tairisim `disobedience with contumacy,' Ériu vii 174.6 , cf. 10 . fogabar do feraib Hērenn ... oīnfer tairisme comrama frim-sa a man to withstand me in the contest, Sc.M² 9.3 (§ 8) . ar thairisem ṅgaiscidh by trial of arms, TTr.² 1180 . 's fearr teicheamh na tairiseamh, Content. xvi 44 . fri tairisiumh troda ┐ tachair, AFM vi 2126.26 .

(d) cen t.¤ ceaselessly, perpetually: atat ... drem ... and sair síar doib cen tairisem darna lecaib, LU 2210 (FA). cen [an]adh cen tairisium, CCath. 1393 . ro ergidar ... ina tarmánaib ... gan tairisium, MR 230.18 . imairecc ... cen toirisim, Stair Erc. 317 . gan tairisiomh gan toirmeasg continuously , DDána 111.38 .

Various: tairisem talman, IT i 55.24 (= tairismige, Thes. ii 356.3 ). inti na búi oc tairisim oifrind `he that has not attended mass,' Rule of Tallaght 72.12 . tumcichthe ingním itinol tairisem treóin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.5 (rhetoric).

1 teinnid, tennaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teinnid, tennaid or dil.ie/40403
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ro-tetaind, ro-tethaind, tethnae, tethnai, tethnadar, teachnadar, rotennsatar, teinm

v cuts, cracks, breaks . According to Pokorny, ZCP x 198 , the following are forms of a redupl. pret. and perf.: deilm ndegae | ro-tetaind (ro-tethaind, v.l.) mo chride-sae, Liad. and Cuir. 24 . tethnae (tetnai, v.l., leg. tethnai) `solved it,' Corm. Bodl. 20.4 (with suff. pron., Thurn., Wind. Festschr. 29 n. 3 ). Note also 3 pl. tethnadar, ZCP xvii 154.4 . ? ro faebra fuamann fo thuinn teachnadar .i. rotennsatar , H 3.18, 639ab ( = CIH iii 1079.33 , see also Cáin Ónae 42 ). Vn. teinm.

tinne ... .i. eo tinnes teinm in chride co mbi marb de a n-anmandae which cuts the cracking of the heart=which cuts the heart to the quick (?), Corm. Y 1203 = eo theinnes .i. sheinmess (see 3 teinnid) .i. teinm ┐ canam (leg. cnám) cach cride atachi, Corm. 41 . tenn .i. letradh, ut est tennait a n-eslesa .i. letrait gach an (aon, v.l.) doberait aillsedh for a leas, O'Dav. 1542 , cf. damba brethem beru buaid breath be nemid conē tigther neimteind tennaid a neslesa oicse nerca arda anathlighe, Nero A vii 153a ( O'D. 2228 ). tiagat isna fínemna co teinnet pupu na fíne `and cut the branches of the vine' (of animals), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . tennait tra a n-etti im ní frisa comraicet ... co tendat na díaso ... do dígal in domnaig `cut' (of locusts), 194 § 4 . focerdaidh ... na cuill ... a cnaí isin topur conus-tennat na coíc eicne filead isin topur, IT iii 195 § 35 . ? conad iad cnai Conaire forda thennead Lebarcaim, YBL 177b6 = BB 257b48 . ticfa tond tennfas tri lis (sic leg.), Metr. Dinds. iii 212.39 . in chnú ... rosteind cona scín, RC viii 56.z . go rotend a tuind (sic leg.) fri feoil a cinn ... go ro teind a feoil corrodic cnaimh, xii 68.4 - 5 . tenter lim-sa duas ni gó | do chnuass na cno cumraide, IT iii 106.22 . ro ringthea co r-rindib | ro tenntea ir-rannaib `they have been racked in pieces,' Fél. Prol. 38 (ratennib, rotendib, ro tinmit, ro teinnib, rotenmhe, v.ll.). lan do mes trumm teinnithir | tuitit cnae cuill ..., Ériu vii 197.16 . teinndis (sic leg. ?) cna, Duan. F. i 15.x .

The follg. may also belong to this wd.: assu éc ernbáis ar trom sluaigthig cottet co teinnet co dered mbetha, BDD² 718 . draic thened ... ir richt bratain conid Fursu ros tend issin loch, LL 169a46 , cf. LB 242b76 . tennis in tuaim tuathramut, BB 380b11 . tegrai teinnset tulporto, 380a51 . é roberrad sund ar tús | noco tennad cen tren-rús, Metr. Dinds. iii 336.26 . tinfidh an bás re beagán | m'ithir ar ar fhás faidfhéar death will soon cut my field, on which the grass has grown long, DDána 24.28 .

Tenbath, Tenbad, Tenba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Tenbath, Tenbad, Tenba or dil.ie/40486
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: tenba, tenbad, tenbath

pn Only in Tuaim T.¤ , the old name of Dind Ríg: ba Tuaim T.¤ cosin olc | in rígdind rán `till that crime, Tuaim T.¤ was the name of the noble kingly hold,' Metr. Dinds. ii 50.5 . Tuaim Tenba a ainm riasin | ... is Dindríg ó shin ille, 52.5 . Brí Bresail ... | leis ba T. Tenbad Temair, 82.38 . Dind Rig ro bo Thuaim T.¤ , YBL 113a38 . im bruidin Tūamma T.¤ , ZCP viii 117 § 5 . Taken by native glossators as compd. of 1 teine and 1 bath, and glossed .i. tene bai[s], LL 377b15 . BB 119b25 . Meyer takes as compd. of tene and benaid infl. by 1 bath: Dind Rīg | rūad tūaim tenbai `eine rote flammende Feuerwand,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 1 , see p. 8 n. (tenba, tenbad, tenbath, MSS.). Meyer's interpretation of the second element is rejected by Greene, Fing. R. 25 . Wagner takes it as the vn. bíth, unstressed -bath, ZCP xxxii 85 . See also Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 252 .

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