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as-oirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-oirc or dil.ie/4468

Forms: essairgid, asanortar, ascomort, ascomart, aschomarta, esorcon, esorcud, esartae

v (* ess-org-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 588 ). Also as simple vb. essairgid. Cuts down; beats, smites; perpetrates (a deed, etc.). Indic. pres. 1 s. cedo .i. assurg (essurg MS), O'Mulc. 306 . 3 s. asoirc cách gl. Caesar, Sg. 33a2 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. sic pugno non quasi aërem uerberans, Wb. 11a11 . asoirc cach teghlach . . . / bassa, Blathm. 501 . adsoirg a bossa la sodain, LU 8383 ( FB 25 ). Indic. impf. 3 s. asorggad cāch dothēiged dia dēchsain, TBC-I¹ 2937 . asnoirged cen gráin cech ngním who would perpetrate any deed, Metr. Dinds. i 8.28 . Subj. pres. 2 s. geib do c[h]laideb / ciassorseo hĒriu (Ailill to Fergus), TBC-I¹ 3559 (rhet.). Fut. 1 s. atotiurr amail asoirc ben bāid a mac, TBC-I¹ 3627 . Pret. 3 s. asort cenn cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . asort slúag, Oct. 7. 3 pl. atnortat, Blathm. 183 . Pass. sg.: indar lat ba indarcan (tinnarcan LU) asnortt cach foiltne ina chend that it was a hammering wherewith each hair had been driven into his head, TBC-I¹ 392 . ? Pass. pl. na mna asanortar (leg. -ta) ar eigin, O'Curry 301 (H 3.18, 165). Perf. 1 s. ascomort gl. cicidi, Sg. 210a6 . 1 pl. ó ascomartmar ar nglé `since we have settled our dispute', Fianaig. 26.18 . pass. sg. ascomart gl. cæsa, Ml. 36b22 . Auster aschomart tré ríaga, Fél. Oct. 19 . Pl. aschomarta (rel.) gl. cæsi sunt, Ml. 26d11 . ho resarta gl. qua caesi sunt, 34b13 .

As simple vb.: essairggid a bassa míni maethgela, LL 231b29 ( TTr. 1066 ). geibid nathraig cechtar a da lám ┐ nos essairg imbi don talmain, 222b6 (ib. 387 ). rosesoircc a bosae, RC xxi 392.11 . ro-esairg a dó . . . ina beōlu crammed two of them into his mouth, MacCongl. 49.11 . na da bhan-chanti . . . barressairg cách díb da chind araile, TBC-LL¹ 6044 . roesairgedur an ogbaid araile, Ériu viii 36.15 .

Mixed forms: rusn-esert (sic) co nglāmaib aimnechaib `maltreated her', Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335 ). conatarraid barr na tuinde co ronesart 'moan cairric, 119 ( RC xvi 71 ). rescmart in glond, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.12 and Corr.

Vn. esorcon, esorcud.

Part. esartae.

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde , Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

del(l)rad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. del(l)rad or dil.ie/15391

Forms: delraidh

n o, m. sheen, brilliance, lustre: iubar .i. dellradh, Corm. Y 605 . tanic sollsi diasneti ┐ dellrad dofhulacta co ruthnib greni fair, PH 466 . amal uan tuinde no dellrad ngrene, 2170 . robo tháidlech taithnemach in deallradh bói for E. ón brat sin, Cóir Anm. 38 . dealradh no solus escca, AFM ii 890 . o'tcondcatar dellrad (sic leg., delradh, delbradh, v.l.) na gréne, CCath. 1924 . g s. delraidh (dealbraidh, v.l.), 4848 . re méd na soillse ┐ an delraidh do bi na agaidh, BCC § 237 . co ndealradh na diadachta i ndreich . . . in chleirigh, BNnÉ 275 . Of the glare of snow: deallradh an tsneachta bhíos 'na shúilibh, TSh. 9843 . a blath ┐ a dellrad do buain don luib its bloom and freshness, ZCP iv 390 . blath ┐ d.¤ na hoghdhachta, ib. dealradh briathar, Ó Héodhusa 4 . Note also: deallradh fiadha lais the semblance of a deer, Marco P. 43 .

enbarr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. enbarr or dil.ie/20058

n froth, foam: enbarr...úan bís forsin usque, inde dicitur gilithir enbarr. Enbarr didiu uan tuinde , Corm. Y 530 .

1 fer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fer or dil.ie/21665
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, fear, fir, fer, fear, fir, fiur, fior, fir, firu, fira, fiora, fer, feraib, fearaib, firu, fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fer, Fir, Ḟir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, fer, ferchrechta, ferdrai, ferghlonna, ḟermeic, fermaicc, fermogh

n o, m. n s. fer, Sg. 190b3 , Wb. 10b23 , 11c17 , 22c9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 151 . v s. fir, Wb. 10a10 . a s. fer, 9d16 ; 31 . 10a3 ; 9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 75 . g s. fir, Wb. 13a12 . LU 3453 . 7085 IGT, Decl. § 65 . d s. fiur, Wb. 3c8 . 10b22 . 22c9 . Ml. 34d6 . Sg. 66a6 . (in MSS of the Mid. Ir. period often spelt fir: LU 8722 . Hib. Min. 14.472 . PH pass. IGT. Decl. § 65 . Early Mod. fior, IGT, Introd. § 73 . §81 . Keat. iii 2535 . TSh. pass. ) n p. fir, Wb. 22c10 . IGT, Decl. § 65 . a p. firu, Sg. 28a6 . LU 7529 . fira, YBL 123ay . IGT, Decl. § 65 . fiora, IGT, Introd. § 78 , § 151 . BNnÉ 104.36 . TSh. 7248 . g p. fer LU 7084 . d p. feraib, Wb. 12d40 . LU 7524 . fearaib, IGT, Decl. § 65 . (feir n s. Wb. 13a6 , a s. 13a20 , g p. 22c10 is merely an odd spelling).

(a) a man (as opp. to a woman): gl. mas Sg. 156b3 ; gl. vir Ir. Gl. 395 . f.¤ a uiro , O'Mulc. 519 . is e in duine cómlan in f.¤ ┐ in ben, PH 5720 . corp na mna no in fhir, 7425 . eter fhir ┐ mnai, 564 . iter mnai ┐ firu 2796 . bása mac la maccu; ba fer la firu, LU 9336 . in n-uair ropo thressiu flaith firu when ale proved stronger than men (acc. for dat.) LL 173a29 ( CRR 13 ). dorochair coíca láech lais ┐ dorochair f.¤ cach ḟir dia muntir a man for each man (i.e. the same number) TFerbe 675 . regaid f.¤ dar f.¤ ScM. § 15 . edhbrais é féin, fioru, macca, mna do Dhia BNnÉ 292.33 . notmuirfider fein feraib macaib mnaibh, Ériu v 154. 133 . cu ro aīnitis uile feraib maccaib mnaib PH 6309 . Used of Deity: F.¤ cotnic brath, MacCarthy 24.16 . don fhir do cum neam ┐ talma[i]n, ZCP vi 87.15 . a Fhir na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 .

Often taking the place of a pronoun: faith cach f.¤ dinaib feraib hí siu each of these men was a prophet Wb. 12d40 . etarcertar oinfer in chrudsin (gl. unus interpretatur) 13a6 . is f.¤ a ddiis one out of two (explaining Lat. uter) Sg. 75b7 . gabaid cach f.¤ díb rind a claidib ..., LU 7089 . da brathair ... f.¤ díb for Temraig ┐ f.¤ for Lagnib one of them ... the other TBC-LL¹ 50 . f.¤ is deichnemor diop eleven of them Fl. Earls 96.24 . ocht rígh 's ceithre fichid fear eighty-eight kings TD 7.49 .

(b) a husband (opp. to ben `wife'): a f.¤ dligid her lawful husband Wb. 3c7 . do fiur indligid, 3c8 . mad co techt di co fer `if it comes to her going to a husband' 9d32 . dorat Hiruath grád di, intan ba beo a f.¤ fen, PH 832 . tuccastair a mac fein cuíce d'fir as husband MacCarthy 288.22 . aoighe mná nach mair a fear, TD 11.32 . Possibly in this sense in poetry folld. by gen. of place-name in addressing a chief e.g. a ḟir Eithne, TD 1.45 (see note), but cf. end of (c).

(c) freq. folld. by a gen. of definition or description: Find f.¤ Umaill (= Umall's son) Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14.8 (cf. Aenfer Aife, Ériu i 124 ). co f.¤ ṅDe the man of God PH 1363 . fir nime ┐ soscela Crist (i.e. churchmen ) Laws iv 210.7 .

f.¤ fine a tribesman, relative (within a certain degree) ii 282.7 . f.¤ fiadhnaisi rígh one entitled to be in the king's presence Acall. 2362 . f.¤ gualann righ one entitled to sit beside the king 2361 . f.¤ leptha ríg a king's bedfellow 7752 . f.¤ lethlamha rígh (expl. of patric = patricius), CCath. 63 . f.¤ lāime `perpetrator' (operator) Laws i 244.1 Comm. With abstr. noun: is tú f.¤ aurbága fil la Ultu, LU 8147 ( FB 11 ). f.¤ comtha a companion PH 2630 . v s. a fir chumtha, KMMisc. 242 . rem fear cadaigh ┐ cumainn my confederate and comrade TBC-LL¹ 3115 St. f.¤ comlainn cet a match for a hundred 3883 St. f.¤ in braith the traitor PH 5131 . f.¤ éicne a man of violence 7600 . f.¤ na sáinnte the covetous man 7727 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling (often in stereotyped phrases, the pl. being formed by áes or lucht): f.¤ tige sáet [ = sét] (gl. arcarius) Wb. 7c9 . fear aire a watchman Kirk s. fīs ( Eg. Gl. 299 ). f.¤ altrama a fosterer , see Laws ii 184.14 . f.¤ bleithe miller (?); grinder (?): saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . fear bratuighe a standard-bearer AFM vi 2272.4 . Isaiah x 18 . f.¤ baile visionary: ba síd fir buile, Celtica xix 40 § 1 . f.¤ cerdda a craftsman RC xxvi 44.2 . f.¤ dána a poet CRR 30 . fear dlighidh lawyer Titus iii 13 . f.¤ eclasa churchman Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ fiadaig a hunter Fianaig. 56.31 . f.¤ fognama serving-man Laws ii 390z . f.¤ forcsi spy LU 5404 . fear friotuil, mînighte `an Interpreter ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 278 ). f.¤ grād a man in orders Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ inaid a deputy; d'fior ionaid a bprionnsa, AFM vi 2116.16 . f.¤ léighinn a professor , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . coibnius hi fer léighinn ib. ` lector ' AU 1034 , 1040 , 1042 , etc. f¤ muilinn miller: saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . f.¤ uird rainne dispenser, butler TBC-LL¹ 134 . f.¤ spirdo (spirto ?) diviner ( ZCP xxvii 65 ): imaicci fer spirdo laim Chuirc, Anecd. iii 57.17 . f.¤ suic ploughman Laws i 194.26 . f.¤ suirge a lover RC xxxii 134 . fer tecuisc a teacher , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . f.¤ tige a husbandman, house-holder: fear tighe (synon. with túathannach), Kirk s.v. criadhaire ( Eg. Gl. 111 ). fear an tighe host TD 12.8 . is cóir dona fearaib tighe ... a mbeangáin do scathadh husbandmen Corp. Astron. 46.20 . f.¤ tíre a landowner : dotét fer tíre co fíadnaib lais ... for tí inna mbech 'the owner of the land comes in pursuit of the bees accompanied by witnesses', Bechbretha 189 (e)​ . Folld. by vn. phrase: f.¤ brithe lésboiri a candle-bearer, acolyte Wb. 25d3 . f.¤ dénma bairgine (gl. pistor) Sg. 184b3 . do fir fert[h]ana na cneidhe the inflicter of the wound Laws iii 368.5 . fear a furtochta her deliverer TD 1.39 . fear tabhartha an dlighe lawgiver Numbers xxi 18 . In sense of owner, possessor: ig fir in craind ... ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 188 Comm. Cf. Fer baile na gcerd .i. Maoilre Búrc; Fer baile úi Bharra .i. Séfrún, Caithr. Thoirdh. i 161 .

(d) in pl. folld. by gen. of place, inhabitants: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di feraib Herend nach di feraib betha BDD 94 . rí fer Fáil, LU 2811 . tar cenn fer in betha, Fél. Ep. 414 . fir domain, PH 1074 . fir in airthair ... fir in tuaiscirt, 5381 . f.¤ in tside men of the sídhe, elves BDD 3 . fir hÉrenn, Hy ii 52 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 499 ; 659 . cethra fer nAlban IT i 74.2 . la firu Herend fri firu Alban, BDD 106 . fir Ulad IT i 138.1 . fir Saxan, TD 16.2 . Commonly used to form tribal names (often applied to territory as well as people, the word fir being inflected), e.g. Fir Bolg, Fir Domnand. Fir Galeoin, Fir Manach, etc.; Fir Ól n-écmacht. See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fir; Rawl. Index.

(e) transf. of things or animals; f.¤ fidchilli chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cindas gontar ind fir ? how are the men taken ? (at chess) Ériu v 32.19 . Of a drinking-horn: f.¤ uaine, corn do bhí ac Finn ... f.¤ tuillidh corn Glais, Acall. 151 ; 154 . Of a bird: f.¤ fann ... focain aird ucht, RC v 202.10 . rinn binn buide fir duib druin, Murphy Lyrics 6 § 6 . céola fer mbrundederg forglan, Ériu xxii 51 , cf. Murphy Lyrics 16 § 24 . ecal fer | fann fet, Ériu xxii 43 § 14 . Of a fish: cend fir tuinde (glossed caput piscis) Hib. Min. 47.19 . Cf. fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan a salmon O'Dav. 1014 . Exceptionally of animals to denote sex: ar geig on fir torrach in banēn, Hy Maine 103 vb24 . bainéan ... ┐ dias ḟear a hen-bird and two cocks TD 15.26 . In the name of a bird , see eiden(n). Humorously applied to butter, ib. 37.6 .

(f) in gramm., person: cētfear illda sumus .i. atamait first person plural Auraic. 307 = ceudpersa, 2675 .

(g) With follg. gen. or adj., forming n.pr. e.g. Fer báeth: LU 6024 . i ndegaid Fir Baíth, 6025 . voc. a Fir Baith, 6023 . As name of a horse, Acall. 271 . F.¤ bend (`man of horns' ? See Heldensage 94 ), gen. Fir bend, TBC-LL¹ 2149 . 2164 . F. caille (`man of the forest,' cf. Lat. Sylvanus, Silvaticus) BDD 39 . voc. a Fir chaille, 110 . ¤cetharraid: gen. Fir cetharraid, Rawl. 144a30 , 162d44 . F.¤ coctha (see cocad): gen. Fir choctha, Rawl. 159b35 . F.¤ corb, Fianaig. 12.13 . gen. Fir chorb, Rawl. 128b33 . d'Fior corb mac Modha Cuirb, AFM A.M. 4727 . F.¤ da chrích: Fer da chrích, Trip. 520. 8 ; 542.30 ; AU 767 . Rawl. 146f43 . gen. Fir da crich, AU 746 . Rawl. 127b45 . Fer dá liach, Rawl. 149a43 . F.¤ dét (cf. Lat. Dentatus): do Fir dét, TBC-LL¹ 2147 . F. diad (`man of smoke') TBC-I¹ 2215 . TBC-LL¹ 3004 etc. ra Fer ṅdiad, 3231 . 3979 . gen. Fir diad, LU 6707 . TBC-I¹ 2210 . TBC-LL¹ 3217 . voc. a Ḟir diad, 3111 . F.¤ febe. (cf. feb) gen. Fir Febe, TBC-I¹ 159 = Fir aba, TBC-LL¹ 393 . F.¤ filed (see fili), Rawl. 156b2 . gen. Fir ḟiled, ib. 3 . Lism. L. p. 342.1 . F.¤ glan, gen. Fir glain, Rawl. 158.40 . F.¤ gráid: Fer graidh ri Caisil, AU 960 = Fer graidh mac Cléirigh, AFM 958 ; 959 . Cf. Fer Graid mac Ailgenain (a king of Munster) ZCP xix 94.1 (Synchr.). F.¤ le (lé): BDD 9 (om. LU) cf. BDD² p. 73 . F.¤ lí, Fianaig. 68.28 . gen. Fir lí, 74.22 . F.¤ Lugdach (`son of Lugaid' ?): gen. Fir Lugdach, Rawl. 119a23 . F.¤ mara (`m. of the sea'), gen. sil Fir mara, Rawl. 130b12 . F.¤ mór gen. Fir moir, RC xvi 135 ( Dinds. 131 ). F.¤ raith: gen. Fir raith, Rawl. 144a31 ; cf. Fir roith, 119a26 . F.¤ rogain, RC xv 421 . BDD 46 . F.¤ rogein, 9 . voc. a Fir; Rogain, 66 ( LU 7006 ). gen. Fir rogain, BDD 79 . F.¤ taí, Fianaig. 68.27 . gen. Fir tái, 70.19 . Fir thái, 70.26 . F.¤ Techet: gen. Fir Thechet, Rawl. 158.40 . See Rawl. Index .

Compds.

(1) to denote sex, fer is prefixed to the name of an animal or to a nomen agentis which may be used of both sexes; rarely with a subst. exclusively masc. in application, e.g. fermac;

(2) with adjectival force = pertaining to a man or men, intended for a man, manly , etc.

fer-amus a mercenary: feramus, Rawl. 113a9 ( ZCP xv 310 ). fer-amus no ban-amus ` man-servant ' Ériu ii 204.22 . ¤bolcum draught for a man: cethri fichit ferbolcumm as much as eighty men will drink MacCongl. 101.7 . ¤bratán: in fear-bradan, Hy Maine 103vb13 . ¤chara a male friend CCath. 1137 . ¤chend a man's head TBC-I¹ 1453 . ¤chland: eitir ferchloinn fhinn `the fair children of men' (or of Finn ?) BS 24.17 . ¤choic a man-cook ACL iii 241 § 7 . ¤chol sodomy Ériu vii 144.16 . ¤chrécht a wound: pl. na ferchrechta , Fianaig. 94.5 . ¤chubat, ¤chumat a man's length: fercubat fir, Trip.² 2992 . fercumat, LU 5858 . See separate article below. ? ¤chur a warrior, champion: fearchur .i. curaidh no gaisgeadhach feardha, O'Cl. ¤dál: dá céad feindidh ferdhála `of manly encounter' Duan. F. i 90.28 . ¤dam a bull Laws iv 100.21 Comm. ¤dord: canaid ... f. do contuli friss, LU 6312 ( TBC-I¹ 1810 ). ¤dorn a man's fist Ériu iv 32.3 . As measure: med ferdor ceachtar n-ai YBL 118a40 . tri ferdhuirnn ar airdi three hands in height Maund. 186 . ¤druí a druid: n du. dá ferdrai , RC xliii 24.7 . ¤ech a stallion: in feirech ┐ in baineach, Acall. 256 . ¤échtus a manly attack Laws i 64.13 (see ZCP xviii 102 ). ¤fuine baking or kneading done for a man: damna teora mbairgen ferfuine ┐ a sé do banfuine, Laws ii 176.18 Comm. cf. iv 116.6 . v 30.23 . ¤gaiscedach warrior: cona seisser ... bangaiscedach ┐ cona seisser ... fergaiscedach, Acall. 5128 . ¤gal valorous man (?): in forba fergalach (fergal, v.l.) foltgarb, RC xxiv 192 § 3 , Cín Chille Cúile 86 . ¤gein male descendant : feirghein deimin deimnigim, Leb. Cert.² 156.13 . ¤ glac a man's hand, grasp: (as measure): cainnel cethri ferglac, Cáin Ad. § 2 . ag teora fer-glacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . ¤glond a manly exploit , pl. ferghlonna, MR 264.7 . ¤gním a man's act; a brave deed: (of Cú Chulainn :) is áes ingini macdacht ... ┐ ní thángatár a fergníma beus, LU 4851 . ben cédmuinterais ... ar as i bfeirghniomha gaibhther, Ériu xiii 31.30 . cf. ara fen fergnima (apparently = gníma a fir), O'Mulc. 327 ( Ériu xi 217.1 ). tri fergnima Conaild, Fél. 70.35 . fri coibled fergním, LU 10268 , cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . Hence adj. fergnímach manly in action: cóic ingena ... bátar fergnímaig forthriúin, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . ¤gnúis a man's face: nā bānaiter fergnúsi, LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). ¤insce, ¤innsgne masculine gender: ferinnsci lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ... lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521 . ainm feirinnsgne IGT, Introd. § 157 . ¤`a man's day,' a day lucky for men: tri ferlae .i. dardáin, áine, domnach, Triads 217 . ¤lám a man's arm, hand (as measure): fot ferlama da crund, CCath. 5604 . ¤leó a lion PH 3439 . ferléo ┐ bainleo BNnÉ 84.27 . ¤les(s) a man's thigh (?): feraid fodil di ferlessaib ar óenathib Ulad strews warriors' limbs (?) LU 6122 ( TBC-I¹ p. 61 n. 7 ). ¤mac a male child: cach f.¤ arosloice broind a mathar, Laws iii 38.8 . v s. a ḟermeic (of a hound), Acall. 5578 . n p. fermaicc, Fél. Nov. 5 . cf. fearmhaic .i. fir neartmhara, O'Cl. ¤míl a male animal: cach fermil (.i. cach mil fearda), Laws iii 38.11 . ¤mug a male slave: fermogh, Acall. 7222 . noenbar banmhogad ┐ triar fermhogad, 954 . caoca fermhogh, BS 104.31 . ¤óclach a warrior: fertraig feroclaig, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). sliasait ferócclaich, CCath. 191 . gérsat calma na ferogláigh, Acall. 40 . ¤thincur the property brought by a man when marrying: ben for fertincur, fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . lanamnus mná for ferthinucur, 380.23 ( SM Facs. 42b ). See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 83 ; 126 . ¤thraig a man's foot (as measure): fertraig LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). comla ... i mbatár tri fertraigid dia tiget, LU 1443 ( MU² 915 ). tricha ferrthraiged, LL 265b28 ( MU² 508 ). tricha fertraighed, ZCP viii 545.30 . se fichit fertraigh RC xliii 80 § 82 . ¤thraigthech a foot-soldier: ic fosugud na ferthraigthech, Ériu viii 38.28 . See also ferbolg, —chú, —chubat, —chuitred, —doman, —gnia, —scál.

2 foltach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 foltach or dil.ie/23169

Forms: f.

adj o-ā (folt) having (long or abundant) hair: ardnoem f.¤ dub cin ulchai etir (of Apostle John) LB 180b59 . oclach ... f.¤ dub go n-ulchain ḟotai fair, 133a33 . ó sduaigh ... bhogḟoltaigh Bhreagh ` soft-haired ' TD 8.13 . Trans. of foliage: croinn caomhfaltaigh [sic leg.], Rel. Celt. ii 234.19 . Cf. cend fir tuinde foltcha of the man of the crested wave (kenning for a salmon) Hib. Min. 47.19 .

murchuirthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. murchuirthe or dil.ie/32863

Forms: murcurthaidhe, murchorta, murchuirthe, murchortha

adj io, iā. (muir + part. of cuirithir) lit. `that which is sent or thrown up by the sea ', hence

(a) one come overseas, a foreigner , oft. distinguished from a `deoraid' = one of a different territory or tribe: as murchorta m'athair ┐ me fein, YBL 140a34 . do fir taistil .i. do muirchuirti, Laws i 156.30 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi, v 182.9 . mac murcuirthe .i. mac eissidhe beres bean don ḟine d'Albanach (i.e. the son of an Irish mother and a Scotch father, a definition too restricted), iv 290.6 Comm. a ndeoraid ┐ a murcairthe, iii 16.29 Comm. is iad na murcairthe, na daine saera ┐ a cinel tar muir, H 3.18 p. 119 ( O'Curry 223 ). na deoraide ┐ na murcurthaidhe , Eg. 88, fo. 32c ( O'Curry 2415 ), perh. meant for pl. of murchortach. trian lōige eneach caich dia murchur[th]u .i. . . . do daer tairis (tairisi v.l.) . . . cethraime do daer erendach, Ir. Recht 39 . See ib. 7 ; 72 ; Cóic Con. 65 § 15 ; Stud. in E. Ir. Law 243.

(b) property cast up by sea, flotsam ; do murchorta , Laws ii 104.8 (d s.). muirbretha (.i. im caithim tascair do tuinde .i. na muirchoirthe), i 182.1 , 9 . murchuirthe [murchortha, -thorad v.l.] dílse `forfeiture of sea-waifs' (lit. sea-waifs forfeited), Tec. Corm. § 1.27 .

teinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. teinne or dil.ie/40401

n , f. (1 tend) strength, severity, rigour, violence: co tailci .i. co treisi nó co calmatus nó co t.¤ , O'Dav. 1574 = teindius, Fél.² xcvii June 7 . allus tiug ar toind cen tinne | a broinn beinde bille, Corm. Y 179 . tuinde tuille truime tinde, IT iii 101.25 . ferr teinni na timmi, TBC-LL¹ 3280 . tinni na trénfher, TTr. 1292 . fo thinniu (? leg. thinne, : linne) throch `in pangs of suffering,' Metr. Dinds. iv 94.38 . cert cen tinne right without might, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . ar tenne a neirt, CCath. 74 . ba he tresi ┐ tenni roimir cach bar a cheli, TTebe 3245 . ba tenne dha dhamh n-dileann (of a fight), ITS v 176.z . re t.¤ na testa ┐ na tuaruscbala (of a description of the strength of the enemy), MR 188.z . a teinde rachus Patruic ar son fer nErinn a lo an bratha how strongly P. will plead for the men of Ireland, BCC 114.8 . Of severity of rule, laws, etc.: ar tinne ... na smachtcána sída bói occo, CCath. 484 . robói ... do thenne a thabaig so severely did he exact tribute, ZCP xiii 196.14 . Cf. cléirchín fris' tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shewn stiffness,' ZCP iii 208.16 = SG 398.12 . Note also: tinne .i. cuileann tria na ro-thenne .i. ar is cuileann in tres fidh roith in carbaít, Auraic. 1181 v.l. Gramm. of the liquids: ruis gan t.¤ an r which is not `strong,' Éigse iii 38 § 6 . Cf. § 10 and 1 tend (c).

? toirbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? toirbe or dil.ie/41243

x (perhaps some compd. of benaid): in tiur[r] mo lāim do gach crēcht | fo brū tuinde t.¤ bārc, ZCP x 46 § 7.

1 tonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tonn or dil.ie/41386

n ā, f.

I

(a) wave: ba teipirsnige aicned inna t.¤ , Ml. 129d5 . ba sī in tond dar cach n-ald, Hail Brigit § 24 . fo thonda searba sāile, Ériu ii 26 § 9 . ni cluichi mad tind ri ruind, ix 48 § 24 . Íssu úas tuinn tuili, Fél. Prol. 250 . úas. tuind trilis `over a sparkling wave,' Fél. Apr. 23 . co tachim thuinni, IT iii 246.85 . co rus báidh t.¤ tuile ann hé, Acall. 55 . Hence foam: cnes mar thuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 220.x . As a measure of distance: diles i muirbrethaib airi ruanada dar nae tondaib, Laws iii 422.1 .

(b) outpouring: teora tonna torunni, Wb. 27a14 (of baptism). is ann sin tucad t.¤ baitsi Críst tairsibh ac Pátraic, Acall. 317 . d'fhuil a baisde ┐ a bhonn | tond baisde do chuir bar ceand, IGT Decl. ex. 1989 . cét cell co comlantus tuinne cailig aifrinn, Lism. L. p. 317.14 . tri tonna luigi ... tri tonna in chailidh aifrind draughts , O'Curry 989 ( H 3.18, 425a ). o taisbentar na tri tonna and .i. tond sceithi ┐ t.¤ fola ┐ t.¤ comna `vomiting and haemorrhage' ( Ériu xii 130 n. 2 ), O'Curry 2100 ( H 4.22, 75 ). cor rethitar da thuind as a sliss, PH 2874 . uchán adrochair Aillén | táncatar a tri tonna, Acall. 1746 . [aghadh] ar thuinn cneadh gcroidheadh, DDána 40.7 . go smuainim ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Aithd. D. 55.5 .

(c) in figurative expressions: fri toind t' eólchaire oḟadib wave of homesickness, LU 10043 . tangadar na tri borbtonna dó .i. t.¤ fergi ┐ t.¤ éoid ┐ [t.¤] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.14 . cf. conda-dic intond inburbi chétna, MU² 673 . rob é sin ... in lám anuachtar ┐ in t.¤ báis os borbbuidnib, Acall. 5930 . t.¤ báis bá romh rod báidhe, AFM i 472.11 . dom thanic tond diummais, LL 273b42 . rolínustair t.¤ danatais a criche, Lism. L. 3043 . tic iarsin t.¤ diadhachta co Finnchua, 3045 . tond do diúmus, Anecd. ii 68.10 . do cuireadh fa cráibh mBeithbhi | tonn sceoil bregi buaiderthi, Ériu iv 214 § 7 . nī cōir crē nā talam thorum | acht tond brātha, beg in ḟerg, ACL iii 242 § 6 . an t.¤ brátha ráidhtir ribh, Aithd. D. 2.8 . co toirtea tuind mbroin ar B. `wave of woe,' Cog. 120.25 . i ttuinn fhichidh mh' aigeanta, Studies 1921, 75 § 13 . a th.¤ bháidhe as ann do éirigh | clann táidhe arna déinimh dhínn, IGT Decl. ex. 1209 . do dhoirt tuinn dá thrócuire, Dán Dé xx 29 . i n-ainm ... toinne an teasbaigh ... tug ar lasadh guth na n-apstal, Ó Bruad. iii 78.5 .

(d) sea: co ro gésetar tri tonna hErend, TBC-LL¹ p. 866 n. 1 . síl qind co traig tuinde , IT iii 14 § 27 . im chaithem tascair do thuinne, Laws i 166.25 .i. in tascair do cuirither do tuinn, 170.12 Comm. síothmhagh gá tarbha na thuinn, Content. xxx 28 . do ní tráigh do thuinn leabhair, Dán Dé xxviii 39 . Erind tuath o thuind co tuind from sea to sea, Laws iv 344.19 . Hence: conid tregdad o thuind co tuind teachtas ` from end to end ,' Auraic. 1726 . fáiltíghis tonn ┐ tír roimhe, ML 40.3 . ní thuigim, ar tuinn ná ar tír, Dánta Gr. 3.14 . for tuind ro élai a lluing a athar, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . asbert ... téssed for tonna, Thes. ii 310.1 . ro ḟacaib hi forsin tuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 206.13 . fos-raemet ind eóin forsin tuind, BDD² 141 . seantraigead fo tuind `an old bridge under the water,' Laws iv 142.27 Comm. ar thóchim do thír fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 236.22 . gá goire dhúinn dul tar tuinn across the sea, DDána 60.40 . fer tuinne salmon (?): fil cend fir tuinde foltcha, Hib. Min. 47.19 . fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan, ut est fil and cenn fir tuinne, O'Dav. 1014. torc na tuinne porpoise?: stáec thuirc na tuinne, RC xiii 46.15 .

(e) abundance: cáin tonna [tige] hui Eogain, Corm. Bodl. 20.5 . a th.¤ do cheōlaib clērig, Bruchst. i § 83 . atbath ar t.¤ indmais, § 129. bruiden t.¤ ┐ tened, § 144.

(f) bog, swamp: cuithecha ┐ tonna crithe, O'D. 1570 ( H 5.15, 5a ). cechair .i. tonda crithir, O'Dav. 514. fo cechair .i. tondach for a huachtar .i. tonn crithech .i. crandach, Laws v 138.18 . an tan thuiteas an t-asal i dtuinn, TSh. 4400 . Cf. 2 tonnach.

II

(a) surface: gach deghnáemh ro-chés | os tuind talman tíos, Ériu iv 236 § 10 . ón ló ro thuit ar tuinn talmhan, ML 86.26 . t.¤ ḟeóir tar a himdhadhaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1655 . ná tuadaig tond talman torut, LU 9302 = ná tudchaith tont talman tarat, Anecd. iii 52.2 . fo thuinn talman, SR 4124 . a cur fo tuind talman, RC xxiii 428 § 50 . fo tuinn uill ūire, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . atāid anu do nos Ailella ... na tri trēighe fad thuind menma, ZCP ii 341.2 .

(b) land, earth: ala t.¤ ... .i. alaili tir .i. ala ferann, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). bíadsum gach t.¤ toraidh, ZCP x 347 § 15 . lecht meic Cuind atchíd | co tuind dar a thaíb, LU 9988 . ocht n-ech ocht carbait ar tuinn, BB 28a37 . a pheacaigh atá ar an dtuinn on the earth, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 8.

(c) With gen. of description: gu raibi Eiriu na h-aéntuind crithigh da'n coimeirghi sin, Hy Maine 137.3 . baoí Ére for a chiontt na héntuinn choccaidh ┐ cendaircce, AFM v 1680.19 . na h-én tuinn fhiataile ┐ fasaigh, 1784.3 . coicceadh Uladh ina linn lain ... ┐ ina thuinn teccle, vi 2142.11 . ina h-en tuinn bróin ┐ basgaire, 2264.3 . bheith don Bhanbha ... 'na héantuinn fhaghla, TD 7.28 . atá sé ó sin i le | fa aontuinn fhíochmhair fheirge, 8.29 . do bí Ere 'na tuinn técht, Anecd. i 33 § 63.

(d) skin: nosdītin ... conná riacht toind nó foéschum fair, TBC-I¹ 1681 . nī forroim cid drisiuc for toind dō, 1206 . tri fuilt batar air, donn fri toind ..., 2025 . allus tiug ar toind cen tinne, Corm. Y 179 . māt .i. muc, unde est isna Brethaibh Nemed: forrūachtatar māta mo t[h]uinde torgabāil, 876 . ┐ ní aidleth toinn ná féoil, TBFr. 127 . brissiud cnama cumma tuinne, LL 119b52 . do thógoibh tonna mo chinn | faídh in gadhoir is binn guth, Duan. F. i 83 § 16 . ro chuir a thuind ┐ a srebhann úadh, Sc.M² § 17 (R) . lith ┐ tond lanamain (.i. gene) na traiged, Auraic. 1816 . prionnsa dearbhtha é t.¤ is tairbhfhéith `hide and sinew,' Ó Bruad. iii 80.5 . fo thuind under the skin, secretly: mebal fo tuind fosluide | cid fiada fuilt ḟindbuidi, ZCP vi 267 § 3. is serc bo báidiu fri bliadain mo sherc | is cuma fo thuinn, IT i 124.11 ( TE § 9 ). do shearc go dtara fam thuinn, DDána 60.18 . Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.31 . a-tá an gol is-tigh fam thuinn | ag cor libh gin go labhruim, Aithd. D. 10.14 . ag fadádh istigh fam thuinn | iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 . atá an tuirrsisi fam thuinn | mar thoirrcheas n-elphant aguinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 16 .

Compds. ¤aile fence against the sea, dyke: atait secht n-aile ... tond aile, tracht aile, Laws v 270.14 . tond aile .i. donither risin tuind mara, 23 Comm. ¤balc strong of surface: cein bidh leo talamh tonnbalc, Anecd. ii 35 § 10 . ¤bán white, fair-surfaced: im thoebu talman tonnbain, SR 6162 . dorigned talum tondban, KMMisc. 154.102 . roleblaing talam tondbán, LL 169a50 . ¤band sea exploit (?): bioth nir bo toi a tonnbann .i. nír bo tostach a buille for tuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 60.1 . ¤benn wave top: rith tar tuinnbennaibh Duine Sobhairce, BS 92.17 . ¤bláth of fair surface: Temair tonnblath, Fél. 226.23 . ¤blechtach with waves of milk: um chlar toinnbhleachtach Tailtion, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 26 . ¤borb of fierce waves: ana treithibh taibhtheanna tonnbhorba, CF 200 . ¤bras of strong waves: co haigen na ttroscc ttonnbras, Leb. Gab.(i) i 96.4 . ¤búan firm surfaced osin Temraig tailc tondbúain, LL 129a45 . ¤buide yellow; surfaced: rosmarb in teidm tondbuide (sic leg.), Arch. Hib. ii 92 § 6 . dāeine in talman tonnbuidhe ` yellow-visaged ,' Ériu iii 144 § 10 . ¤chith copious shower: na toinncheatha bréana briomstóin, TSh. 6198 . ¤chlár surface: tonnchlár in talman, CCath. 1116 . ¤chrithid trembles like a wave: do thonnchrith m' inchinn, ITS iii 110.5 . ¤ét wave of jealousy: do neartuigh ... i gceannaibh na toinnéada, Ó Bruad. iii 16.9 . ¤gáeth wave-wind: mar thrasgarthar an teach le tonn-ghaothaibh tréana, TSh. 9137 . ¤gairthe bright-skinned: dá ghnúis thonnghairthe, Studies 1918, 452 § 3 . ¤gel bright-skinned, bright-surfaced: Dauid tonngel, SR 6270 . ocon tsāle thondgel, Arch. Hib. ii 83 § 13 . traighthi toinnghelu, IT i 120.7 ( TE § 4 ). ar aonach Teamhrach toinnghile, Studies 1929, 593 § 1 . ¤glan pure-surfaced: tipra tondglan, Anecd. i 61 § 93 . im Themraig tond-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.34 . a thoebh go tonnghlaine Acall. 1476 . ¤gnúis surface: tar dreich in domuin ┐ tar tondgnuis in talmun, BB 236a6 . ¤luascad act of tossing in waves: ag tonnadh ┐ ag tonn-luasgadh mheanman an pheacthaigh, TSh. 9497 . ¤maigrech salmon-waved: a lind báin tonn maigrigh thigh, Ériu iv 224 § 43 . co Drobhaois ttorcharthaigh ttonnmhaighrigh, AFM v 1590.11 . ¤mín smooth surfaced (?): cona ffiodhbhacaibh tailce toinnmhíne, Hugh Roe 212.28 = AFM vi 2126.19 . ¤phort wave-bank: ar in slis os tonn-port des, Celt. Rev. iv 218.14 . cen time fri tonnportuib | os grian mara, RC xiv 62.13 . ¤thaidbsenach wave-displaying: comsiledh comramhach tonn-táibhseinach, CCath. 265.

tuinide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuinide or dil.ie/42353

Forms: tuinidhe, tuinidhiu, tuinigthe, tuinide, tuinigthe, tuinighthe, dtuinnighibh, tuinide, tuinidh[e]

n f. in: ó fir na tuinidhe (or g p. ?), O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). But d s. tuinidhiu, ZCP xii 364.30 (?). ? O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). vn. of *do-neith (see tuinither). The form tuinigthe, usual in Mod. Ir., seems to be a development from tuinide. There is no distinction of meaning between the two except that tuinigthe does not occur in the meaning under I (a), where the exx. are mostly old. The form tuinighthe seems pl. at AFM v 1782.12 , and note a dtuinnighibh , ITS xxiv 118.22 . gur ob tenna ... tuinide bar tren-fear, MR 126.5 .

I As subst.

(a) possession, ownership. In some exx. perh. usucapion, owner's rights acquired by long possession or tenancy (see Thurn. ZCP xv 347 , IT iii 228 , Laws Crit. 42 ): tuinidhe .i. sealbh. fir torachda tuinidhe .i, an lucht frith na gcomhnaidhe as léo sealbh ó cheart, O'Cl., see LL infra. im t.¤ raitig, Laws i 122.15 . t.¤ raitaig a triun sealba, iv 28.1 . Cf. im tuinid raitig .i. fer do teit anechtair co fine, gaibith athgabail ar a fine .i. gaibthius do rod con saigh cuid cuca i sseilb `permanent establishment of a vagrant in the fine (?),' Plummer MS. notes, O'Curry 791 ( H 3.18, 369a ). aitheam gaibeas tuinighe mad on teallach medonach, Laws iv 2.3 .i. luaithíu gabus nech tuinidi in fearaind, 11 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 126. adh na techta tuinige ... ad do coislead tuinidhe, Laws iv 4.18 , 19 . cem bes a t.¤ , v 210.3 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir `den (dauernden) Besitz,' ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dearbthar tuinde do cetchor .i. dearbthar tuinighe in fearainn ..., O'Curry 1894 ( 23 P 3 fo. 22c ). forruimther tuinidhe la cétchor, O'Dav. 824. cach aidbriudh do cuisin cach laisi naidbrithter is lais a t.¤ (.i. a airisam), O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, 185a ). do fastad tuinidhe ... is fír lim in ferann don ti escartar ina t.¤ , O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). um inní for a roibhe a tuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 6 ). dligid toreic t.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.25 (see tairecc, tárrachtain). fir toracta t.¤ .i. na fir fúarabair na taoi-aireg, .i. na ccomnaidhe, as leó o cert an tsealb, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.3 and gloss. concertaim tuinidi | tire toracda .i. ... sealbh an tíre a bfuarabair iat na ccomnuide, 254.8 and gloss. fir torachta tuinnidé dar nói tonna móra men who arrived and took possession (?), LL 13a41 = fír tharrachta tuinidhi, BB 40a53 . Cf. O'Cl. supra. conternam tunide tíre tarrechmar, LL 13a43 . treise triath tuinithe, SG 251.26 . trí ríg ... | ... | sínset im tuinithi thend | indse ... hÉrend `strove for the mighty possession,' Ériu iv 136.23 . aspert ... conid les fein tuinithi in chlaidib that the sword belonged to him, IT iii 200 § 65 . rucsat fón innassain trethan trén timsaigthech i cend maigi ... na Frígia do thunidi thimsaigthech ar in Troi `to take collective possession of Troy,' TTr. 1678 . da ttegmhadh Cúchulainn agus Fionn i ttuinidhe dhúdhchuis edir na tuathaibh da n-ainmnighionn an duain iad hereditary possession, Geneal. Tracts 85.12 . In name of a story: mad ferr lat toghla .i. ... Tuinighe Tighe Buirich, Anecd. ii 45.16 .

(b) fixed position, station: co naccassa ... isin tunidi-sin they were seen in this position (i.e. fixed to the ground by stone pillars driven through garments or body), TBC-I¹ 1413 . búi issin tunide sin co tráth teirt árnabárach `remained thus without moving,' RC xiii 452.18 . mo tuaru mo t.¤ | robu inmuin cacht, Ériu i 138.15 = mo thūara lam th.¤ `my food with my station,' ii 56 § 7 . ? atrachtatar tri thapad a thunidi a tairismi, TTr. 1504 . lucht cogair ... | agaibh tarla i dtuinidhe firmly established, DDána 101.16 . cor' chuirset assa t.¤ in tromchloch, Acall. 2811 . gosan tuinithe ttairismech i mbatar a ttreoin ┐ a ttoisigh `the secure position,' Hugh Roe 166.17 . See etartuinide. a n-ucht inn imbualta ┐ a tuinigti an catha battlefield (?), CCath. 4866 . gur chriothnaigheadur ... dia ttreóir ┐ dia ttuinighthe, Cath MT 985 . tuinighthe bearna baoghuil (of a person), LBranach 5305 . stialladh tuinithe tuinne na féarghnúise `rent is the covering surface of earth's grassy countenance,' Ó Bruad. ii 4.2 . ? toing do dia, benai foria aurlithe do chuise hi nglas do bragat hi slabraith co tumidiu (leg. tuinidiu ?) chip no carcrae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ).

Frequ. with follg. gs. talman: saithis a sgiath a tuinighthi in talman into the firm grip of the earth (?), Ériu viii 20.28 . cártha ... cloiche sáidhte a dtuinnighibh na talmhan `imbedded in the earth,' ITS xxiv 118.22 . Note also: a slegha saidhti trena corpaibh, co ngabtais in talam-t.¤ trempo `were taking hold of the site of the earth,' CCath. 6138 . gur ob tenna ... t.¤ bar tren-fear re tenntaib trom-thalman, MR 126.5 . Perh. rock (=that which is firmly embedded ?) in: fria licuibh ┐ tuinidib in talman, Marco P. 58 . gabsait do lorcuibh ┐ tuinidhibh in talman forro `with cudgels and rocks of the earth,' 148 (cf. cloch th.¤ under II). na carrthadha ... cloch ┐ tuinightheach na talmhan, Cath MT 158 . Note also: cuasa crann na carracc, ná tuinigthe talmhan `in subterranean caverns,' AFM v 1782.12 . And cf. do rinneabhairsi tuinidhe bhithbhineach dhe ( σπήλαιον), Mark xi 17 = tuinuighthe ghaduidhthe, Luke xix 46 . tuinidh[e] `a den ,' Eg. Gl. 318.

? gur chuir trom-ármhach ar na tuingibh (tuinnighthibh, v.l.) do'n tres-ghleo sin `inflicted heavy slaughter on the strong men,' CRR² 96.7 . is miochair a chumann re tuinnighthe an taoibh a dtá `the people who dwell where he lives,' Ó Bruad. i 124.12 .

Gramm. dallbach trentuinidi ┐ dalḃach beccthuinidhe ┐ dallbach cen tuinidi (subdivisions of airchetal aíre), BB 299a31 . soil cédus, rí na cconnsuineadh | trí tuinighthi bhoga iar sin (the consonants c, p and t ?), IGT Introd. 9.23 .

II As adj. (attrib. g s. ?) firm, fixed, immovable: risin tuirid taebalaind tuinidi nobid ar lar na heclaisi, YBL 68a3 . do thuathaib tunidi Troianna, TTr. 973 . Commonly of stones, etc.: clacha toinighthe an talmhon (: roibheithre. Of Síol gColla), TD 9.4 . ag tuargain na Cloiche Barraighe ┐ na g-cloch dtuinighthe do bhádar láimh ria `fixed stones,' ML 32.27 . co n-tógluaiseadh cairrgi troma tuinidi an talman, TTebe 874 . for tealccadh táithleac ttuinigthe `massy flags,' AFM vi 1982.2 . Various applications: tar clár dtoinighthe an talmhan (: doighirthe), TD 7.37 . táin trom-thuinighthe, DDána 89.7 . béasgnadha tuinighthe Taidhg `the unshakeable words of T.', Content. xxii 20 . cona n-inneoin-traigthibh tanaidib tuinighthi fothu `immoveable,' CCath. 5274 . tuirthi ... t.¤ `immoveable pillars,' MR 150.3 . tamhan ... tuinighthi (of Adam as the trunk of a genealogical tree), 98.14 . ag búaladh a ccolg tuinidhe ... ar chorpaibh ` firmly-hilted (?)' (Gloss.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1844.

turrac, tora(i)nn, tuirenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turrac, tora(i)nn, tuirenn or dil.ie/42529

Forms: turrac

etc. n m. where gender indicated. Orig. form obscure. turrac m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.15) . See GJ xix 169.

(a) rush, career, attack, onslaught: nirbo t.¤ gan tubha dashing without resistance,' CCath. 5796 . béra t.¤ seocha síar (turrag, v.l.), IGT Decl. ex. 400 . oibind beith ar Beind Edair | ... | turracc tuinde na hacchaidh, Reeves Ad. 285.15 . turracc tairbtech teinnesnach, L. Chl. S. 28.20 . do tuitidur dechnebur ar .xx. don toruinn sin leis (ruathur, v.l.), Fier. 66 . dobatar sgithach on toruinn sin, 107 . trebarluas ... in torainn tennretha do bí leisin bfior ... ag fágbáil na tulcha, SG 262.23 . docuaidh ... ┐ nír turn don tuirinn sin no co rainic in dinn, Stair Erc. 800 . tugamar tuireann grangca ` onslaught ,' Duan. F. ii 286.5 . do bhrethnughadh (sic leg.) bheo ┐ marbh | tiocfaidh sé, bhudh tuirionn garbh, Ó Héodhusa 11.19 . budh tormánach an tuireann do bhera an breithemhsa, 68.2 . le tuirinn a tréine (of the Shannon), 23 G 24, 224.4 .

(b) a fall: tre thurrainn a ngradaim gé leathchiorruigh lua mo ruisc `by their fall from rank,' Ó Bruad. iii 178.15 . turrain do fuair sí ruaig roimh rae é she took a fall which caused him to be born prematurely, ZCP v 219.566 (Midn. Court), tuirin, turraic, v.ll.

(c) calamity, disaster, grief: turrainn is géire dhamhsa dhíobh | gan simide céille i gceann gan mhaoin `the bitterest ... of all these painful pangs,' Ó Bruad. ii 34.y . d'órd chille ba ró-thurainn tú ar lár leasa `heavy is the blow to the Church's orders,' O'Rah. xxxiii 23 . mo threighid! mo thubaist! mo thurrainn! mo bhrón!, iv 33 .

turscur, tascar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turscur, tascar or dil.ie/42536

n o Perh. forms resulting from confusion between vn. of do-scara (see trascar, trascrad, and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ) and a compd. of cuirithir. Cf. turchur.

(a) stuff cast up by the sea, sea-wrack, seaweed: sliceda ┐ turscair muiride, Fél. 50.20 = sligre ┐ turrscar in mara, Fél.² xxxviii 36 . toirthe tíre ocus turscuir, Metr. Dinds. iii 10.110 . rocoraiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iad .i. ar tursgur traga on the littered sea-shore (?), Ériu viii 8.10 . lán do thurrscur in locha, SG 88.x . amal norethidis da buindi ... a sleibtib ... co tochlait ┐ co timairgid leo turscara in talman, TTebe 3137 . a gainemh ┐ a grian-turrscur (the sea), ML² 702 . muirbretha .i. im caithim tascair do tuinde .i. na muirchoirthe, Laws i 182.8 Comm. = 166.25 .i. in tascair do cuirither do tuinn ... .i. in duilesc fliuch .i. femnach, 170.12 Comm. somaine tire ... muír, ┐ inbéar, ┐ tascar, ┐ friche `what the sea casts ashore,' iv 146.2 Comm. madh tascur oen seoit i tír, O'Dav. 1253. ? fāilte fri tascor n-im[b]ais (sic leg.) dofaircet nae cuill cāinmesa for Segais .i. fri tascur n-imhais īar mBōind the casting up of inspiration ... at the well of Segais (?), Anecd. v 25.5 and n. = tascar .i. tochar, ut est failti fri tascar n-imuis .i. fri taoi scor nó fri tochur in imaid ba fis, O'Dav. 1569. In nn. loc.: go Magh Trusgair (leg. Tursgair ?), ML 16.2 `i.e. the Fungous Plain,' n. p. 17 . cend Traga Cuili Túrsgair, Celt. Rev. iv 16.17 . As n.pr.: Te ┐ Tualaṅg ┐ T.¤ ┐ Torc, TBC-LL¹ 2021 . Ger ┐ Tualaing ┐ T.¤, tri ghille in righ, Lism. L. 3086.

(b) Other applications. Of the slough of snakes: co fhargabtís turrscar ┐ landgar a nemi for in talmain, Alex. 722 . Med.: tuitim an fhuilt ... gan lanna gan tursgur sine squamis et furfuribus, 23 K 42, 283.9 . Of discharge from the eyes: nígheadh a shuili le huisghi arna congmhail sa bhel ... oir indurbaidh sin tursgur na sul ┐ glanaidh iat, Reg. San. 21.16 (facs.).

(c) gear, trappings, appurtenances, belongings: tairscur na tiled ica timsugud, TTr. 1413 . focerd M. a túrsgur ┐ a thāin roime co Crūachain, ZCP xiii 174.20 . Temhair cona turrscar, Acall. 1669 , `with all her gear,' SG ii 142. 1708 , `with all her substance,' SG ii 143 . Teamhair cona tursgur ` appurtenances ,' ML 58.11 . Cf. a tascor, a torthaigi (` retinue ') (of Tara), Ériu iv 148.15 . a turscur tall do copur | do glaine is do carrmogal, Acall. 807 v.l. (of a house; a hurscar thair ac tobar, text).

Note also: issed na fulangar de | trentursgur na sochaide, TBC-LL¹ 2356 v.l. (turscolbad, text). turscair taireraig cach saimhne suth saer-niad, BB 369a28 .

1 úan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úan or dil.ie/42750

n foam, froth : enbarr didiu úan bís forsin usque ... enbarr didiu ūan tuinde , Corm. Y 530 . uan .i. cubar, Lec. Gl. 438 . O'Cl. uan .i. cúbhar froth or scum, foam , uan tuinne the froth of a wave , P. O'C. gilithear gēis nō ūan tuin[n]e gach mball dí, Anecd. iii 10.13 = CS 176y . marcach ... u.¤ tuinni dath a da o, Auraic. 1007 ( BB 323b32 ). ba giligtir snechto na úan tuinniu a toeb, IT i 120.4 ( TE 4 ). ba gilithir úan tuindi in taeb seṅg, BDD 2 . an taobh mar uan tonn, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 6 . cneas mar úan, Studies 1919, 75 . cneas ... | rer neimhghealadh uan abhonn, TD 40.5 . leth do ghruadh mur uan d'fhírshreabh, L. Cl. A. B. 216.45 . Cf. ná leanam don uan aosda | freagram an cuan 'san cósda, DDána 24.15 . Of the soul: atcess imorro anim Partholoin amal uan tuinde no dellrad ngrene, PH 2170 . manip genmnaid taitnemach a chride ┐ a menma amal uan tuinde , LB 108ay . Of the froth on ale : cethri coid cormu cin huan cin descad, O'Curry 883 (< H 3.18 p. 395a ). Cf. lan cach lestair di cormaim cen auen (leg. uan?) cin desdu apart from froth and dregs , O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). i líntibh óir fhórloiscthe d'uanaibh ceard, Hackett xxi 24 .

? Compd. Meyer, Wortk. 57 , takes Uanfind, LL 363g44 to be an etymological spelling of Úanaind (for which he gives no ref.) lit.`foam-white'. In the LL passage the name is that of the mother of Mobí Clárenech and it is printed Uan Find, Mart. Tall. Oct. 12 . In the notes to Fél. Óengusso the name varies in the MSS.: Huaine, Huanir, Hunide, Fél. 222 , 224 ; LB has Uainind ( Fél. p. clvi ).