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amantúr, amantur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amantúr, amantur or dil.ie/3078

 

n o (AN loanword Risk 609, 615 )

(a) chance, accident: docuaidh d'iarraidh amanntuir urcuir `adventure with the spear' (of a knight going to hunt), ZCP vi 293.13 . d'amuntur mo buille, Fier. 53 . ni fetrais cá tic do bás acht a n-ammantúr in tuitme `except that it befalls by chance', De Contemptu 1065 . is amhantur mor do da ttérnuigi an outside chance, 3 C 19, 22 ra32 . da tuca an drochamhantur air beith ar meisce, Rosa Angl. 90.22 .

(b) In concrete sense what comes by chance, windfall, booty: ceithre huinge deg ag Mac C. . . . ann eaghmais amhantuir ┐ uinge d'or ag an mbaintiagarnain . . . ann eaghmais amantuir Tiarna `exclusive of royalties . . . exclusive of the lord's rights' (Macnamara's rental), Trans. RIA xv (1828) 43.z (Antiquities). muna dteagmhadh amhantar dá ngoireann an dlighe castrense dhóibh, TSh. 5124 . ní bhfhuaradar edail na amhantur and, ALC ii 496.31 . ni ar eirig ádh na amhantur dhoibh, 498.2 . sén ágha ┐ amhantuir, Top. Poems² 1180 . dogebuir-si roinn edala ┐ amhanntair buaim-si `booty', ZCP vi 32.17 . ar sén amhunntuir ┐ edala duid-si, 28.24 .

trú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trú or dil.ie/42078

 

Forms: tr, trotha, trotha, trutha, trothaibh, truthaibh, trúgh, thrúidh, truith, troithe

n k, m. and f. d s. tr, ZCP xii 386.34 . In Mod. Ir. also as dental stem, IGT Decl. § 21 . n p. trotha, Misc. Ir. Archaeol. Soc. i 4.9 . So regularly in Ó Bruad. n p. trotha, ii 268.10 . trutha, 282.1 . d p. trothaibh, 276.7 . truthaibh, i 50.3 . Note also n s. trúgh (trú, v.l.), i 72.17 . ? v s. a thrúidh , p. 116 n. ? g s. truith, 74.2 . Cf. n p. troithe, Duan. F. ii 394.4 .

(a) a doomed person, one who is fey: trū quasi do-ru .i. dōig a tuitim; a verbo ruo. Vel tī-ru, ar tī tuitme atā. Vel a Troia dicitur .i. ar a mince a hairsen, Corm. Y 1237 . trūagh ... .i. āgusta dō gurab trū he dreads being `trú,' 1238 . troid ... quasi trú-ait .i. ait ī la troich, 1248 . troich .i. mairb, H 3.18, 531.16 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe (David and Saul), SR 6397 . am trúsa ... ó gabussa gaisced niro la imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3280 ( SCC 7 ). ní indóig lim cid t.¤ , BDD² 1141 . a Fhir diad ... | ... isat lomthru, TBC-LL¹ 3660 . ra thathaim in tan ba t.¤ , LL 133a1 . atgéoin ... in drúi for labrad E. ropad t.¤ , RC xiii 450.y . madh saeglach intí téid da fegadh tibaigh tar a bruach amach; mad tru ... ni tic tar a hor amach (of a miraculous well), Todd Nenn. 197 n. g . na dumacha derboile | a cailltib ard-Almaine, | is trū nō is methach a ngnīm | intī nosgeib fo comlīn, ZCP v 23 § 3 . cach trén bid truag no bid t.¤ , Ériu v 211.4 . a l-lá ndēdenach di sechtmain ōenaich Tailten flaith na faigbi is t.¤ issin blīadain sin is destined to die that year, ZCP xiii 372.24 . nā tuc táib ri troich `do not trust one that is fey,' KMMisc. 266.2 . crāu-dortad troch, ZCP xiii 376.13 . is ferr t.¤ iná truagān truag, Ériu ix 45 § 6 . bidh a n-inill nech is t.¤ | is bidh a n-eisinill étrú, ZCP vii 302.x ( Dánfhocail 242 ). is bec in glōir bud dū dī | fōill in trū ocus a t[h]reissi (i.e. the body), ACL iii 238 § 4. gille as mhó d'innmhe ... | biaidh 'n-a throich ... | dá dtí go hadhbhaidh Iofruinn, DDána 35.13 . im throich bhí a haithle mh'anma, Dánta Gr. 28.27 . ba tenm teinedh tar trocha, Leb. Gab.(i) 100.2 . mo thruaighe na trocha nach tuigid mar thig an bás go hobann, TSh. 526 . Med. da sgeithi na bith t'aire ris uair is tru é, Irish Texts v 7 .x .

In phrases: robud do throich `warning to a doomed man' (a futile undertaking), Triads 83 . bā robad do throich, MacCongl. 71.20 . roba robadh do throich a thegasc, ML² 258 . Cf. t.¤ nach géabhadh gargrobhadh, PBocht 19.24 . i treib throch, Bruchst. 55 § 123 = AFM ii 648.17 . ba toirm troch riana thrágud `it was the noise of one doomed before his dissolution,' Metr. Dinds. iii 412.31 . ropo thurus troch fo thráig, 406.27 . iar troch togairm, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13.

Attrib. gen. fatal, doomed: bidba troch `a culprit fated to evil doom,' Metr. Dinds. iii 172.66 (cf. Keat. ii 2102 ). cotlud troch sleep of the doomed, fatal sleep: is cotlad troch sin ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2507 . a chodladh níor chodladh troch, Content. iv 59 . ba tinnabrad troch do Congal- in codla sin, MR 168.y . ropo gleō fri demna troch `it was a fight against demons of doomed men,' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.y . réim troch `a fatal course ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 182.15 . sáethar troch, iii 376.20 . dos-berad fo thaidbsin troch `would make them seem like men doomed to death,' RC xiv 404.26 . telgun troch `the lying down of a doomed man' (cf. cotlud troch, supra), Ériu ii 56 § 6 . fo thinniu throch `in pangs of suffering,' Metr. Dinds. iv 94.38 . Cf. troich do thinme, Bruchst. i 21 § 44 . re h-ucht troch do timdhibhe, MR 64.6 . treabhadh troch dhúin an domhan to cultivate this world is for us a hopeless undertaking, DDána 24.14 . turchairthe troch (of a pig), Irish Texts i 26 § 8.

(b) In more general sense of wretch, miserable person; villain, blackguard: dob í culaidh an treas troch `of the third wretch,' TD 44.8 . mairg do rothaobhuigh thú, a thruaigh, | a th.¤, a dhrochshaoghail, DDána 53.8 . t.¤ bhíos na bhastord ` scamp ,' O'Gr. Cat. 555.34. gan aonurraim ó'n troch (leg. troich ?) do'n tigerna `without respect showed by loon to lord,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.29 . do chur na ttroch ar merbhall, | nach tug termann da naoimh-cill, BNnÉ 148.15 . in t.¤ dhuaibhseach, TSh. 3742 . re truthaibh tréigthe an ríogh `the wretches who betrayed ...,' Ó Bruad. i 50.3 . ag leadhbadh truith `to trounce a ruffian,' 74.2 . trotha craois dochuaidh re holc, ii 268.6 .

Compds. ¤buiden: trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath rebta (of defeated troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.24 . ¤chalma: nír sguir dona tuathamaidecha taobhainmhecha troichchalma sin, no gur thuitedar despairingly valorous , Comp. CC 130.11 .

tuitim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuitim or dil.ie/42434
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tothaim, toitme, t.

n O.Ir. tothaim, n, n. vn. of do-tuit. In Mod. Ir. f., IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 21 , § 29 . Also m.: ait an toitme , 23 P 10, 80 (36) .

(a) act of falling; a fall: combad tothim cen éirge nobed and, Wb. 5b10 . airis ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain oco, Ml. 131b4 . inna totman gl. periculorum casus, 19d4 . ond inund t.¤ gl. eodem lapsu, Goid. 68.2 . ro sáithsom clí ... folaimastair huilethotaim, Trip.² 1736 . casus .i. totaim, O'Mulc. 579 . folt quasi fa alt. Faldas cadens germanice interpretatur. Folt didiu cland totim, 567 - 568 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e) ?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . Cf. cuir cerín ar ait an toitme the part injured by the fall, 23 P 10, 80 (36) . is toitimm no thoited fortt cech fánntais ... dib, LB 155a29 . tuitmenna mince, Tec. Corm. 21.4 . ? tócaib na tuitmeda ina ṅdeiblen `the fallings of the feeble,' Trip. clxvii 17 (or leg. tuitmecha ?). na hídla do thuitimm ┐ do brissed, PH 2139 . a baill dubglassa ic tuitimm de, Three Hom. 80.16 . beimenna tuitmi `felling strokes,' CCath. 6087 . t.¤ dá gabhlaibh don ghréin | go talmhain chnuicfhinn (at day of judgment), DDána 29.17 . co roibhi in long ac t.¤ a ndomuin in aigein sinking , Stair Erc. 1555 . budh mór t.¤ an tighe úd, Luke vi 49.

(b) Extended meanings: ? co turscur Emna Macha .i. co tuttim d'Ultu co Airgialla `after its fall from Ulster to Oriel,' RC xvi 281.8 . iar toitim in lái at the fall of day, SG 62.26 . toitim na brigi o línadh loss of strength, Rosa Angl. 156.2 . t.¤ an fhuilt, 23 K 42, 283.8 . t.¤ =lapsus, RSláinte 270 . as usa neamh ┐ talamh do dhol thart, iona aonphunc don dlighedh dho th.¤ `to fail ,' Luke xvi 17 . gan adhbhar oilbhéime na tuitme dho thabhairt dá [bhur] ndearbhrathair, Romans xiv 13 . as ní robháodhlach t.¤ a lámhuibh an Dé bhéo, Heb. x 31 . With ar act of falling upon, coming on: tenn ┐ toirrthim na tosga sin do th.¤ ... orra, ML² 1059 . atá sin ┐ gach ainiarsma oile ... ag t.¤ ... ar a chloinn, TSh. 507 . cuid daghbharuibh na creach sin do thuit[im] air `why those spoils fell to his lot,' Rel. Celt. ii 196.21 . Of sleep: ni codladh co mbid ac t.¤ ar ecin air, BCC 438.28 . Of prolapse of the womb: labrum anois do tuitim in maclaig mar tecmas do mnaib deis leinim do breith, Irish Texts v 26.8 .

(c) act of falling in battle, being slain; death: tothaimm F., Rawl. B 512, 102c15 . tathaimm n-A., ZCP xiii 378.12 . is tróg ... maic Uisnig do th.¤ i tírib námat, IT i 75.6 . ica innisin dó ... tuittmi F. i frithguin, TBC-LL¹ 5725 . Mac Cecht do th.¤ fochetoir la Conall Cernach, RC xvi 410.4 . rabái ... an toici aga toirmesc thoitmi (in a combat), TTebe 4475 . toitim ar deoraidheacht dó `his death in exile,' Aithd. D. 23.26 . ba deimin leis C. do t[h]. leis, ML² 369.

(d) Legal act of falling due, being forfeit; forfeiture (us. of a pledge, guarantee, etc.): arfeadhur in dicinn dithma on tatma coraile (wd. om. before tatma ?), Laws ii 16.20 .i. ... co ti uidhe adbul cinniudh a dithma no a thotma `total forfeiture or failing,' 23 Comm. co huasal cindid a totma `until the full completion of the forfeiture,' i 102.16 Comm. noch seichim no innsaigim co fuilit trí seoit uada gach tratha ó ro follaighes í, co huasal sloinne a totma, O'D. 613 ( H 3.17, col. 458 ). co beir breth im t.¤ ngill .i. cach inadh a fuil t.¤ in ghill is na fiachaibh, O'Curry 516 ( H 3.18, 260 ). ere beth eg Lochlann mac Namara a caithem a bíd, ┐ a tocbáil a císsa er t.¤ cuice ó Dondchadh Mac Namara (of the devolution of a property, Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1957 ( Eg. 90, 7 (8)a ). iar t.¤ a n-aitire .i. Scandlain `after the forfeiture of their hostage,' RC xx 46.24 (ACC). t.¤ a fheraind no a luag on tí ticfa taris his land to be forfeit, LL 215a26 . geall tuitmhe a forfeited pledge, LBranach 3412 . ? dorad D. ... braighde ina urlaimh frí hedh dia tt.¤ occa mena ttísadh M. ... dia ccosnamh, AFM ii 1126.x (or in meaning (c) ?). t.¤ ar in agra the claim to be void. Gilbert Facs. IV i plate xxx l. 32 .

(e) act of dropping, shedding : aball oc tuitim a blátha, Stories fr. Acall. 9.229 .