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buiden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buiden or dil.ie/7360
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ú-, buidhean, buidnib

n ā, f. Inflected GOI 183. In PH fairly freq. with -ú- in syncopated forms. buidhean f., IGT Decl. § 54.

Band, group, collection of persons; of warriors troop, company (in two exx. specifically of footsoldiers): ho buidnib gl. copis, Ml. 34c15 . buidnea gl. cuneos, 112b9 . inna buidnea gl. turmae, 62b14 . 112b7 . torb quasi turba .i. b.¤ no numerus , Corm. 42 = Corm. Y 1218. buden quasi poden, pos enim graece pess interpretatur ar is for cois bis in b.¤ , O'Mulc. 170. buidhne aingel = choros, Lat. Lives 104 § 100. sech drongu .i. sech buidne, Thes. ii 325.35 . i ṁbuidnib, Fél. Ep. 295. comarbae buidne, LU 3384 ( SCC 17 ). cach buden immá túsech, 8103 ( FB 7 ). is for cois bis in b.¤ , YBL 422a40 ( Trip. clxxix 25 ). tre buidnib ban mbōeth, Ériu iii 14 § 3. Muire dá mbé ar mo bhuidhin on my side, DDána 40.24 . in began buidhni, Stair Erc. 1188. triallaid . . . d'aon-bhuidhin in a body, Keat. i 204.34 . bude(i)n becc marcach, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 .

With follg. numeral: ríi b.¤ . . . secht cét cacha buidne, Críth G. 457 `king of bands', each b.¤ containing 700 men, appar. the contingent supplied by each túath , p. 104 . buden cóic cét déc, CRR 47. do bhíodh tríochad i mbuidhin an ollaimh, Keat. iii 1223. Note also: na regad chenel C. tar buidin, Trip.² 1713.

As dat. of accompaniment: tanic L. . . . budin trí chét oclách, CRR 49. Hence in chevilles: d p. buidnib bann, ACL iii 223.25 . buidnib blá, SR 3423. buidnib dér, LL 13846. buidnib sel, 23274 ( CRR 57 ). buidnib sét, ZCP viii 108.11 .

Less freq. of things: in b.¤ buaball, IT iii 70 §§ 22 , 19 ( Bruchst. 16 § 30 ). b.¤ do rāpēroip `a collection ', Fl. Earls 100.y .

In later lang somet. in quasi-pronominal use: an bhuidhin bhíos gan neart the weak , Dán Dé xxv 18 . don bhuidhin dhlighes etc. = unto those who, RSClára 108b . b.¤ do cleirchibh . . . b.¤ eile . . . an tres b.¤ some . . . others . . . others, TFrag. 110.17 .

Compds. ? b.¤ choisc: gl. kerethi; gl. pelethi, mirabiles (names of warrior bands) Études Celt. xxii 211 § 28, 29 . ? do bráth buiden-glas, Fél.² clxxii 40. buidheantsluagh, Oss. iii 174.16 .

ceithern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceithern or dil.ie/8533

Forms: -nn, ceithrenn, -irne, c.

n ā f. Also -nn and later ceithrenn. Pl. also -irne. c.¤ (ceithreann, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 12 (61.z) . kern(e) (as collect.), band of fighting-men; band or collection of persons in general: cethern .i. coire aimite, unde dicitur cethernach.¤ Cethern didiu, cith cath ┐ orn orgain, Corm. Y 295 . cethirn comlain (dat. of accompaniment), SR 3538 . rom bía-sa cethern lib condeochaindsea do thabairt cobra dó desin, LU 5906 (TBC). ar cethernd aile quoth some others, (another? See below), 1909 . abaigh ceall go cethernaibh `soldiery', Ériu xviii 72 § 62 . undsea chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . comrac da ceithernn . . . Munter T. ┐ Mundter C., RC xviii 21.18 . iss é ra marb i[n] cethirnn mbric `the speckled kerne', Ann. Inisf. 1206.7 . ac biathadh mu ceitheirne, Acall. 524 . ar coimge don cethirn may the band (of saints) protect us, Gorm. May 27 . eccla ṡústa duirn dīabuil / cona c[h]eithirn guirm ghlóraigh, ACL iii 216.16 . ón cheithrinn chródha, Duan. F. ii xxxvi 2 . gidh bé ceithearna ad-chíthir, DDána 102.30 . ríoghdhacht chonnláin cheithirne, IGT Decl. ex. 589 . cethrinna ┐ macaimh . . . in bhaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 2965 . ceitheirne móra do shladaidhthib, SG 10.8 = turba latronum, V. SS. Hib. i 225 § 19 . sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `abolished the taxes of Coigny, Kernetty', AFM v 1686.3 (`Kernetty—this was a tax on every ploughland for the maintenance of the Lord's kerne', note. Separate derivative?).

With qual. gen.: ceithearn coilleadh clann Ádhuimh outlaw band, DDána 10.1 . ag caomhna na ceithirne coille ┐ na ndíbherccach, AFM v 1546.z . cethirna comlaind, TTebe 1477 . c.¤ congmhala an bhaile hired soldiers, AFM iii 558.9 . an macradh ina cethairn tigi domestic troop, SG 42.2 . ar son na cethernne timchill `bodyguard', BColm. 102.3 .

The singulative sense, well attested in the Engl. loanword (see N.E.D.) may occur in: is i cethern is dech la ri Temra . . . a gilla con, CF 73.25 ; cf. LU 1909 cited above and Meyer Contribb.

Compd. campa conghaireach ceithernlíonmhar, AFM vi 1884.8 .

de(i)n

Cite this: eDIL s.v. de(i)n or dil.ie/15440

Forms: deni, déine, deni, dein, dén

(see Wortk. 115 , KZ xlvi 151 ) adj., apparently indecl., and found only in verse (cf., however: cach duine dein dligthide, Laws iv 360.19 ). Possibly inflected in: daidhri Duiblindi deni tuathaigi, BB 298a22 (g s f. or leg. déine?) and: secht nóem déae . . . deni mathi, Gorm. Apr. 16 (n p.). Sense uncertain. dein .i. glan, O'Dav. 598 (followed by O'Cl. dein .i. glan; dein clean, neat , O'Br.; dén pure, clean, neat , P. O'C.) is a mere guess, perh. suggested by the gl. deine .i. glaine, ZCP v 489 § 10 (B. na f.). Meaning seems rather firm, strong, powerful: a dúire den, SR 1391 . do Denna Den. .i. Denna dímór, LU 9835 ( PRIA xix 532 ). Cithramach den (: filed), Acall. 535 . cái cruaid den (dean, MS.: fochan), Four Songs § 2 . bearum-ne a cruth dean | tar gach finnsruth fial, Oss. v 16 . niambrat Néill im drummchlár nden, Ériu iv 96 . rosdedlaig degrann den (: ingen), Rawl. 72a33 . roidpart Dia cach ṅdúil dein, SR 1803 . sechtmoga mac la dís dein (: ingenaib), 1971 . gréni fri turcbail toebdein, 4434 . i n-ainbthine dein dermóir, 7614 . truagh deired in domain dein (: ind), Acall. 2677 . deich turba derb na ndrong nden, SR 773 . for drongaltaib den, Rawl. 165b22 . cét tengad dein, SR 955 . cona dlúmaib dlúthaib dein, 3367 . Cf. 2469 . Note also: do Dia dein (: aimsir), 1471 . mac Dé dein, KMMisc. 156.128 .

In chevilles: monar nden (: hécen), SR 1451 . monar ndein (: sein), 4643 . déde ṅdein, 7033 . lathar ṅdein, 5861 . delm ṅdein, 5329 . ruathar ndein, 4765 .

? As subst. den .i. dín nó daingen ut est . . . gorab den fri trachta[d] .i. gorab díon nó gorab daingen in trachta[d], O'Dav. 737 .

Compd.: ¤grád: glantogu deingráid buada, Ériu ii 64 .

saidbre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saidbre or dil.ie/35933

n , f. (saidbir). in tsaidbre, IGT Abstr. Nouns 7 . wealth : féil Sínche co sadbri `of wealthy Sínech', Fél. Nov. 9 . súi co saidbri, SR 2363 . cen bocta ó shadbri int [sh]aeguil, Thes. ii 351.38 . co n-epirt co saidbri iarsain | `dénaid caibni is chomáentaid' `in fluent speech', Metr. Dinds. iv 92.13 . boi do sháidbre in Gargán sin comba lán in sliab uli dia indilib, PH 7177 . mu saidhbre | sochaide dobidh aidble, Irish Texts i 22 § 2 . coibnes ┐ saidbri no turba , Laws i 262.15 . comud cach a saidbri fri gell, 264.6 . In Laws oft. the property necessary for a man's legal status: ni fuil ina s.¤ in comorba he has not his full property qualification, i 184.24 Comm . ata ina s.¤ in set the `sét' forms part of his property qualification, 218.17 Comm . , gloss on: achgabail crui foreith a s.¤ `in possession', 214.y . is i saidbri caich i tellach sealba dilsi a airme `the s.¤ of every one in taking possession of land is the due amount of his stock', v 466.13 . uad bodein no o neoch aile mana beit seoit ina saidbri, 468.30 Comm . , gloss on: fer dona gellaid seoit ┐ saidbrige, 466.12 .

súabais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súabais or dil.ie/39042

adj [i] (so+bés? Lat. suavis? Both derivv. given by native glossators)

I As adj. gracious, kindly, gentle : suabhais .i. maith, conáigh, ailghean no mín, O'Cl. suabais .i. sobesach, Lec. Gl. 115 . Sulpic sochla suabais, Fél. Jan. 13 .i. sobésach, Fél.² xxxi . slúag már martir s.¤ , Feb. 2 .i. onni is suauis .i. suaibseach, Fél.² xlv . co slúag s.¤ `with a gentle host', July 16 .i. cum turba felici martirum suabais .i. sobésach, Fél.² cxiv . a rí sochlai sóbis (: Farónis), Fél. Ep. 502 (suabais, solas, sóliss, v.ll.). descaid .i. cāid iat ┐ suabais, quia fid (= fit) des gach suabais, Corm. Y 468 . ba sūi sōbais fri cach sēis, ZCP iii 23.15 . suabais cech dána `every bold person is cheerful', Tec. Corm. 15.26 (sobais, subach, suabhaisech, suaibhsioch, v.ll.). Of days favourable, auspicious : esclae .i. laa n-escomlaithe .i. la suabais do imtecht, O'Mulc. 445 (see esclae). luid tria hecosc . . . a shenathar do Themuir di láu sobais, ZCP viii 311.18 .

II As subst. good behaviour (?): in maith bar suabais-si?, RC v 202 § 24 . Cf. sobhas .i. sobes, ut est slúagh sobas insegur comdliged co core do flaith .i. indsaigit slog lais do chuindgidh a sobesa iar cuma, iar cai coir, O'Dav. 1406 . co ttuccsat gialla Gall fri suabhais do Ghaoidhelaibh as a guarantee of good behaviour towards the Irish (?), AFM ii 736.21 = fri sobus do Gaidhelaib `for their submission to the Irish', AU i 504.9 . ? cethri maic la Setna sithbacc | suabais n-aithmet i mbid argg, LL 311b24 (see ACL iii 144 ).

See sobés, suibsi.

terc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. terc or dil.ie/40541

Forms: terca, tearc, t., tearc

adj o, ā few, scanty, meagre, sparse: terca gl. exigua, Ml. 48c30 . tearc .i. beag (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 n. 9 .

I Used attributively: scceolanga terca `a few fugitives,' AFM i 332.10 . adguisiu na tri turcu tercu `the three meagre boars,' Thes. ii 293.4 . pater t.¤ da cach oclaigh nāim a short prayer (?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . hua menmain t.¤ `with feeble mind,' Ml. 118a10 . Of food, etc. scanty, meagre: betha thearcc, Fél.² cxl Sept. 8 . ba fri fáilti feisibh tercaibh, ZCP viii 198 § 17 . Of (parts of) the body: an chuid diobh aga mbid cuirp thana thearca thin , 23 K 42, 83.1 . Cf. ata in croiceand tearc cutis rara [est], 87.6 . an tiomghlún tearc the soft slender knee, Dánta Gr. 67.23 . Of words: ralabair P. briathra terca tarbacha `a few profitable words,' TTebe 675 . a bhriathra troma tearca, PBocht 25.33 .

II Used predicatively.

(a) nita terca som, Ml. 92c13 . bá t.¤ cach n-adbar dó, LU 11008 . immat buar, t.¤ ass, SG 80.9 . is t.¤ bur sluaigh, IT iii 388.10 . nidot terctha m'fhúaradhbha, BS 48.4 . bheith tearc mí gan pinginn im purs `hard up,' Ó Bruad. iii 6.14 . beathadhuigh állta ... do dhénas tearc a nuibhir sibh, Levit. xxvi 22 . atā an naomhthacht ... coimhthearc ┐ sin aca ..., Desid. 6453 . With follg. gen. of respect: an teangaidh nach tearc labhra, Studies 1934, 433 § 1 c . mná in táiblidh munba t.¤ lóin, DDána 119.15 . tearc foirne clár na cruinne, Dán Dé xiv 10 . With de: tearc do lacht mé ... | ó thart na sé sealánach, TD 44.1 .

(b) With copula in various constructions. Most commonly with follg. n s.: is t.¤ rí dia rodamain, Metr. Dinds. iii 234.2 . ni t.¤ do Grecaib fer do dingbala-su, TTr. 1284 . tearc ... | ní ... nar adhair é, DDána 17.10 . t.¤ nech do dligh a éra, BNnÉ 279.9 . as tearc duine da tucthar na grasa sin, BCC 240.30 . With n p.: tearc ingheana a n-ionnshamhoil, DDána 55.2 . budh tearc caraid ag cath Éirne, Aithd. D. 28.30 . Cf. ba t.¤ for bith mnai a samail, PH 830 . With follg. rel. clause: gidh tearc duit-se nar umhluigh, DDána 4.8 . tearc do-fhidir few know, Dán Dé iii 26 . as t.¤ aga raibhe fis, BNnÉ 291 § 6 . With partitive de and rel. clause: tearc díobh nach deaghadhbhar, DDána 3.6 . tearc do chách ód fhleidh leagar, 48.20 . tearc dínn nach daorfadh fínné, 58.1 .

As adv.: dorat dam Gridhair ... | abaidh Ēirenn is Alban, | mo beith uaistibh go t.¤ , ZCP xii 394.12 . as (sic leg.) fírthearc cuirid uathadh ar na connsainibh ` rarely ' (O'Cl. on the spelling of O. Ir.), RC iv 355.14 .

Compar. and superl.: ind ti dib dana teirci in cenel indile sin who had fewest of that species of stock, Laws iii 464.6 = intí [dib] ... is terci [in] cenel innili [sin], O'Dav. 484. teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir, DDána 57.1 . an uair ... | is teirce atá dhá iarraidh `when fewest are seeking it,' TD 31.16 . tír ina teirce tonna `where waves are gentlest,' 28.33 . na tolcha as teirce sreabha | na linnte as lia éigneadha whose streams are shallowest (?), DDána 100.4 . ní teirce cách na crecha `no less numerous than the entire population will the preyings be,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 48.19 . nir teirce an tred rea nairemh (after the giving of seven sheep to the poor), BNnÉ 149.33 .

Compds. ¤bóllach: do leas turba an tearcbhóllaigh `who repaired all the loss of the cattle-pen wasted,' Ó Bruad. i 198.6 . ¤cuid: for terccuidib .i. for proind bic, Fél.² Sept. 8 . lear dhainid sinn i dtearcuid bídh, Ó Bruad. iii 226 . ? ¤lí: hi certrī no rainte adíu | nín bo therclī toillte tnu, BB 45a19 . ¤menmae: derchaineth co terc-menmain hi timnaib de `despair along with inattention to the commands of God,' Ériu vii 172.12 . ¤menmnach: co nábtís tercmenmnaig dispirited , TTr.² 1026 . ¤múinte: do thuaithchliaraibh tura tearc-mhúinte ill-mannered , TSh. 2292 . ¤ól: táir-bhiadh ┐ tearc-ól `scarcity of drink,' 2262 . ¤phit: for t. on meagre rations, Fél. Sept. 8 . nícon tercphít, Immrama 66 § 122 (= tercbít, Anecd. i 64 ). ¤threb: iadad for terctrebaib (sic leg.), Laws i 102.25 , .i. is na trebaib ata terca duine, 104.20 Comm.

torb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torb or dil.ie/41440

n crowd, multitude ?: torb quasi turb a turba , Corm. Y 1218 = torb quasi turba .i. buiden no numerus , Thr. Ir. Gl. 42.

turba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turba or dil.ie/42490

n (Lat. turba ) host, multitude . In SR a specific number (10,000 × 100,000, Gloss. See also Lec. Gl. Index ): deich [n-] exercitús ... | tiagait co derb in t.¤ , SR 772 . `t.¤' gach buiden bindsi, Metr. Gl. 32 § 6 . See note in Gloss. t.¤ .i. buidhean, O'Cl. So also Lec. Gl. 493 . turbaid .i. buighen, Stowe Gl. 155 . See torb.

turbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turbaid or dil.ie/42492

Forms: tairbad, turbhadh, turbaide, turbhuidhe, turbada, thurbhuidh, tirbithi, terbaide, turbaide, tirbada, turbadh, turbaidh, -aidhe, -i, tarbata

n f. vn. formation apparently from *to-ro-buith, but corresponding in meaning to do-rorban < *dí-ro-ben hinders (Plummer MS. notes cites Lat. turbatio). See Plummer, Ériu ix 32 , Thurn. ZCP xv 330 . For form and inflection cf. 1 esbaid, tesbaid. n s. also tairbad, Fianaig. 10 § 9 . turbhadh, DDána 40.3 . g s. turbaide, Laws i 198.24 . turbhuidhe, LBranach 690 . More commonly turbada. thurbhuidh, LBranach 3976 . ? Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 34 § 32 . n p. tirbithi, Wb. 14d13 . a p. terbaide, SR 8319 . turbaide, ZCP xiv 383 § 47 . tirbada, Rawl. 86a45 . turbadh, turbaidh, g s. -aidhe, -i, IGT Decl. § 12 , § 13 . See torbad, torbaid, trúig.

I

(a) hindrance, prevention, interference, delay: tucad t.¤ chotulta | do Mac D., Sc.M² 3 . is t.¤ ém damsa ... dul dia fhuaslucud-som ┐ mé alacht I am prevented from going to help him, LL 126a5 . techt do thrāthaib ... | cen terbud, cen meth, ZCP xiii 30.12 . dia tairmesc no dia terbaid, IT ii2 228.49 . mainbad tairbad bāis dīmair `had mighty death not intervened,' Fianaig. 10 § 9 . dá cét slechtain ... | ... | a ndenum cen nach t.¤ to be carried out unfailingly, Ériu i 197.3 . don turbhaidh thug ar an dtóir his harrying of the pursuit (?), DDána 64.7 . fa turbadh ḟíre d'Ulltaibh violation of the rights of the men of Ulster, IGT Decl. ex. 545 . créad an turbhaidh atá ort | gan teacht ?, TD 2.40 . lé Rughraidhe gur threabh Temhair | ben turbhaidhe d'fheraibh hí forbidden (?), 23 D 14, 32 cited TD ii 203 . terbadh aighae oenaigh Tailtean `prevention of the celebration,' AFM i 416.11 = derbaid, AU i 298.3 .

(b) trouble, misfortune, disaster: `turbhuidh' ainm gac[h] urbhadha, Metr. Gl. 17 § 45 . turbhaidh .i. urbaidh no tubaisde, O'Cl. cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn gl. ex multa tribulatione et angustia cordis scripsi uobís, Wb. 14d13 . ro múchad, mór tirbaid | míad L., Fél. Prol. 169 . ? mithigh lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 = tarbata, ACL iii 311 § 6 . a mbeith fri tress fo thirbaid ` in distress ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.3 . fūair turbaidhe agon tuind teas, ZCP viii 227 § 7 . gach turbhaidh a-tá chugoinn ` ruin ,' Aithd. D. 98.5 . do leath a turbhuidh timchioll (of a land bereft of its chief), C IV 1, 176b cited TD ii 203 . do chuaidh ar dheis Dé nimhe | oighre an Athar ainglidhe | a thurbhadh uaim dá fhagháil | uaidh a-dubhradh deasgabháil `we had caused his coming down,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 12 . turbhadh d'olc na hEireann `ruin from the ills of I.', Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . mar mhac M. | do leas turba an tearcbhóllaigh `repaired ... the loss of the cattle-pen,' Ó Bruad. i 198.6 .

II Temporary exemption from fulfilment of legal obligations or from infliction of penalties (most commonly athgabail `distraint') on grounds of certain external contingencies recognised by law; the grounds of this exemption; the period of the exemption . See de Jubainville, RC vii 228 f. Thurn. ZCP xiv 383 , xv 333 f. is anad di (athgabáil) re [re] na turbaide, Laws i 198.24 Comm. taurbaid aithgabala ... mani deraib terbaid exemption from distress ... unless it be prevented by exemption,' ii 122.4 , 12 Comm. athgabail tar turbuid distraint in violation of an exemption, v 256.31 . deithbir turbadha `law of exemption,' i 102.21 Comm. do rer dligidh turbhadha, ii 36.22 Comm. turbaide breigi false claims to exemption, v 310.15 Comm. gach turbaidh cána nar hicadh fri ré in righ `every deferred legal due' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 687 ( H 3.17, col. 504 ). cach turbaidh tecmaic dlighid a tasc `every accidental t.¤ (e.g. due to death) must have notice given of it' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 944 ( H 3.17, col. 661 ).

A list of the grounds of exemption is given at Laws i 266.20 - 268.10 , ending with: cach turbuid co ndetbire iar ndia ┐ duine, dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir `every exemption on ground of necessity before God and man, witnesses are named after a just and proper manner.' Note also: athgabail fir bis ben fri uaithni .i. ... i n-uair gabala na hathghabala táinic in turbuid ann, O'D. 89 ( H 3.17, col. 76 ). athgabail fir for a nascar fir caire .i. dul do cairiu fira, ┐ ro ba t.¤ co toirsi on cairi muna gabadh apadh i turbaidh .i. sechtar crich tiagar and; damad a crich nocha bia t.¤ in fat sin air (i.e. a man travelling outside the territory to undergo trial by ordeal has exemption), Laws i 198.19 Comm. t.¤ conaire `Entschuldigungsgrund des Weges' (i.e. a man on a journey is exempt from prosecution), ZCP xviii 388 . t.¤ éca a athar ro airbertnai ... ann, ┐ ata in t.¤ seo do gach duine iar neg a athar, O'Curry 1619 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). turbuidh .i. galuir exemption on grounds of illness, Laws i 282.26 Comm. secht turbaide im-a-dichitis cach re la Feine: geall sloighed ..., v 308.16 . turbuide athghabala sloighedh amuigh gonus ┐ loisgas, ii 102.2 Comm. [e]slān taurbad[a] tascuir rīg the exemption due to the arrival of a king, ZCP xv 332 § 25 , see pp. 333 f.

The period of exemption varied from one day to one year: turbuid urnadmu mna co hiar trisi ... turbuid eirce slabrad co de mis ... turbuid gaiti mad for innsi ... turbuid dearmuid dala co arabaruch acht imtongar ro gabu de a chuimne ... turbuid galair sirg iarmotha mis, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18, 353a ). t.¤ bliadna ... t.¤ erraig no fogmair, Laws iii 392.y - 394.4 Comm. cain bera do dlighedh arbera do turbaidh. Turbaidh bliadhna do cach duine i nÉrind iar n-éc righ Érend, etc., O'D. 944 ( H 3.17, col. 661 ) = turbuidhe, O'D. 739 ( H 3.18, 353b ). in turbaidh bliadhna ata don n-ecodnach, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 40b ).

Eccles. turbaide techta in domnaig (sic leg.) `lawful exemptions of Sunday,' Ériu ii 208 § 32 . cen t.¤ cen díchell do neoch bes hi cumung na eclaisi without exemption or neglect of all that is in the power of the church, i 220 § 11 . go cech t.¤ techtai conmestar brit[h]im, Anecd. iii 22.11 .

Hence in Mod. Ir. respite, cessation: go bhfríoth dar dtaoibh-ne turbhadh | do-ghéabhtha i mbais Dé a dhearbhadh that we have obtained a respite, DDána 40.3 . don té lér fhás t'oirbhire | níorbh é tráth na turbhuidhe `period of exemption' (Gloss.), LBranach 690 . turbhadh adhnadh `cessation from burning (castles)' (Gloss.), 2795 . timcheall tighearnais an tuaisgirt | ní turbhaidh tharla ar tuir mBaoi, DDána 110.30 . le turbha time `enjoying a respite from terror,' Ó Bruad. i 122.z .

? turma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? turma or dil.ie/42523

ind turmā .i. mōrmō, ut dicitur: doberthe dot gilla turmu duit fēin, O'Mulc. 867 . Leg. turmō ? (Stokes) trummae ? tormach ? turba ?.