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airchenda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchenda or dil.ie/1699

 

adj (airchenn) fixed, determined, definite: tuircrec besa airceanna, ZCP xiv 338 § 1 (`bevorstehend, Zukünftig', 340 ) ( Laws ii 222 ). airitiu sēt ūad ar bēss n-airchenda (airchendchaige, v.l.), Corm. Y 81 . ceni berat turchreic ar imfognam n-airchendai, ib. diae inn laei aircendai, Laws v 368.12 Comm. See airchenta.

firend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. firend or dil.ie/22188

 

Forms: firinne

adj o-ā (cf. fer) male (of animals): colpach f.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . uan firenn, SR 3901 . uan firend, PH 5099 . míl f.¤ TBC-LL¹ 6126 . da bonend ar f.¤ two females to a male ACL iii 241.4 . turchreic(h) colpaige firinne, ZCP xiv 361 ( Laws ii 260 ). pl. searruig [sic leg.] firinne , Laws ii 376.32 Comm. a ndíol do mhuic fhirinn, L. Cl. A. B. 245 . gabhair ḟirionna, Proverbs xxvii 26 .

imḟognam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟognam or dil.ie/27536

 

n u, m.

I service (used of the service given by a base client to his lord in return for a fief) : ceni berat turchreic ar imfognam n-airchendai, Corm. Y 81. atmaiter in flaith imfognum ... muna atmar imfognum, O'Curry 2084 ( H 4.22, p. 70a_b ). i.¤ rige rorúad, SR 4918.

II As grammatical term, construction: intan mbís int imfognam fri ainsid dundí as iudica is dú digail teit `when iudica is construed with the accusative it applies to vengeance,' Ml. 72d12 . int immognam i mbí hi sreith rann, Sg. 95a2 . ciall chesta indib ┐ immognam gníma `passive sense in them and active construction,' 142b1 . dligeth nimmognama rann `law of construction of parts,' 2b3 . in immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind `in construction and in order of reading, 30a12 . hi slund gnímo ┐ in immognam, 188b2 .

turchluide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turchluide or dil.ie/42511
Last Revised: 2013

 

n In legal phrase sét t.¤ , of stock granted by a lord to his client, apparently in addition to turchrecc and rath (q.v.), and equal in value to the client's honor-price. In Laws translated ` returnable sed'; `recoverable chattels ,' MacNeill, Law of status 270 . the value, or price, of fore-purchase, Stud. Hib. xxxiv 28 n. 44 . Thurn., ZCP xiv 339 - 40 , takes the word as gs. of a compd. of clód vanquish, suggesting that originally the relationship between lord and client was that between conqueror and conquered. Hence seoit t.¤ = `Lehnswerte, die die Besiegung vertreten,' `UnterwerfungsWerte.' Cf. the frequent gloss ar clo i tar (=tár), infra. See turchlu.

ō dorat in fer sét taurchloithe dialaile .i. lōg a enig ... proprie autem aggille dona feraib gaibte sēutu turc[h]loithe, Corm. Y 81 = taurchlotha, Corm. 5 . logh einech cach ain isedh a seota turcluide, Laws ii 226.13 . caiti seoit turclaide .i. lan log einech ar airitin in daerraith, iii 334.5-6 Text and Comm. turchreic muilt cona fosair .ui. samaisci, no a log cenmotha seotu turclaide, ii 256.25 . seoit turcluide .i. ... seoit do berur a clo a tar (sic leg.) in daerrath, 222.11 Comm. muna ro feara flaith seotu turcluidhe .i. muna eirne in flaith seotu ar clo i tar (sic leg.), 264.1-2 Text and Comm. diles cach turcreic iar fognamh techta .i. rath co séta turclaidhi, O'Dav. 1496 = Laws ii 268.11 . manchuine .i. fer cacha somhuine, do denum a duine, no a meithle ... ┐ ní feghtur fri s[ét] turcluide im manchuine (i.e. a sét t.¤ is not expected in return for manchuine, see ZCP xv 240 ), 194.11 Comm. mas é a rogho in foghnumh, indeithbirius in eloidh ann ar son seoit turcloidhe ... imscar ratha cen set turchlaidhe, O'D. 2308 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 30d ). The follg. exx. seems to indicate that the sét t.¤ could become the permanent property of the client: dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit turcluide ... acht frisrognat a flaithe `seoit t.¤ ' become the property of clients and their heirs provided they have served their lords, Laws ii 262.2 . mani ro era flaith seotu turcluide is dilus trian na set iar n-ecaibh na flatha don ceili, 14 . tir dia n-airbiathar flaith .i. tir dia fir-biatar in flaith .i. ... co tabairt set turclaidi co tecmaisin eca na flatha, v 428.12 Comm. In: smacht turclaidhe dala, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18, 353a ) we have probably a scribal error for urcraidi, see ZCP xv 259 , xvi 210 .

turchrecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turchrecc or dil.ie/42513

 

Forms: turchreic, t., t., t., t.

n [f.] vn. of do-aurchren. Legal (lit. fore-purchase), fief, grant of stock or land given by a member of the noble grades to a base client in return for an annual food-rent (bés tige). See Críth G. pp. 108 - 9 . MacNeill, Law of status p. 283 . taurchreic ngiallna, ZCP xiii 19.30 , `Vor-Ankauf der Untertanenschaft,' Bürgschaft § 1 . tuircrec besa airceanna `der Vor-Ankauf künftiger jährlicher Leistung,' ZCP xiv 338.z . ceni berat taurcrec ar imfhógnam ṅairchendchaide, Corm. 5 aigillne = turchreic , Corm. Y 81 . turcreicc dia n-airbiathar, Laws iv 210.5 . dilius cach turcreic iar fognam techta cen meth ... co cenn secht mbliadan mad flaith bes marb. Nimta mad in ceili bes marb; dligidh in flaith ceilsine dia comorbuib in ceili ar de mis fri manchuine every t.¤ is forfeit (to the client ?) after unfailing service for seven years, ii 268.11 , cf. O'Dav. 1496. aurbiath flatha, taurchreic ngiallna ... atauí (sic) flaith dna hua mbi diles a taurcreic ce ni airbiatar. Flaith gonas a chéile. Ata dna ceile do na bi dilius a thaurcreic cia ro biathaidh a fhlaith de fo dí déc .i. ceile gonas a fhlaith a lord who must provide a t.¤ though he receives no food-rent ... a client not entitled to a t.¤ though he pay his lord food-rent, O'Curry 53 ( H 3.18, 19a ).

The value of the t.¤ varied according to the rank of the client (see Críth Gabl. passim): turcreic ar bes bes coir, amuil bes a tothacht ┐ a grad ┐ a miadh t.¤ for equitable food-rent according to his (the client's) substance, status and rank, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 . tuircreic cacha beusa o beug co mour do neoch do-ruirmísium, is for cetgiallna techta, 367 § 28 . bí[i]th a th[a]urchreicc cóic ṡétaib (fer midboth), Críth G. 71 . [as] ndiabul taurchrecce in gráid as ísliu t[a]urchreic in gráid as ardu, 112 . The food-rent was based on the value of the t.¤ (see the list ZCP xiv 358 ff. ): caite turcrec cacha besa o beg co mor ... ? Teora ba ar molt cona fosair what is the t.¤ of each food-rent ? Three cows for a(n annual) wether with its accessories, ZCP xiv 341 § 3 a . turcreic dartada cona fosair, da set dec, 360 § 17. As vn. act of acquiring a client by giving a t.¤ : arindí fotlen a bóairechas di thaurchreic céile `secretly discards his `bóaire'-ship by taking clients,' Críth G. 249 . tuirchreic .i. luáighidheachd, O'Cl.