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2 blaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 blaí or dil.ie/6035
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bláe, blá, bra, brá, bralaigh, brá lín, bralach, brách, bralcha, brácha, bralchaibh, bráchaibh, mbralach, mbrách, bralcha, brácha

n bláe (ON loanword, Bidrag 37 f. ). Also blá. bra, brá lín, f. d s. bralaigh, brá lín, g s. na bralach , brách n p. bralcha, brácha lín, d p. bralchaibh, bráchaibh lín g p. na mbralach , mbrách lín, a p. bralcha, brácha lín, IGT Decl. § 174.

Covering, sheet; garment (apparently one covering the breast): acht a chuilche sa blai lín / nochar thecht ní dontsaegul (of Máeldub) `shirt (?) of linen' (sheet ?), Fél.² clviii Oct. 20 n. = blae lín, LL 348 marg. inf. lenn cech ríglaig . . . / blae lín cecha caillige `linen shirt', BColm. 50.9 . blae bána bhuide it íat álle etrocta uasu `overmantles' (Táin 4538), TBC-LL¹ 5565. in blai futairlli do bói fair shaggy vest (?), Acall. 6639 but see Éigse xiii 179 . ro cháiestar . . . co dérach . . . cur' bo fliuch blai ┐ bruinne dho, 889 . cor bo ḟliuch blae ┐ brunni dó, CRR 3. gurbhó fliuch bláth ┐ bruinne dhi, Eachtra Uill. 1589. Hence bla .i. bruinne, O'Cl. créd um nach beind dá brá lín / más fa beind atá an Taidgín his shroud, IGT Decl. ex. 2063. an brat sin do bí sí d'fhidhe do beith os cind an tumba . . . in blalín-se delbhaim-se, / . . . / biaidh torum winding-sheet , BCC 372. rugadh bruinde máordha mín / is áonbra lín uime úainn, IGT Decl. ex. 2059 (= aonbhla lín, Studies 1924, 427 § 1 ). gach beand dá bralaigh lín luim / amhail aghaidh mín meamruim, ex. 2061 . See bratt compds.

? inmain berthán áilli a blai (om. a, v.l.), IT i 78.23 . See brotbla.

congna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congna or dil.ie/12168
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (-ae) io

(a) horn(s), antler(s): a c.¤ . . . Cingsiu . . . dia congno (of a stag), LU 5182 - 3 (TBC). oss foceird a c.¤ , Triads 105 (congan, p. 38). co ndernsat cetheora tulcha . . . dia n-iṅgnib ┐ dia coṅgnaib, LL 22540 ( Dinds. 158 ). uiss . . . cuna mbennaib ┐ cona coṅgnaib úasu , MU² 384 . bun in ch.¤ , Acall. 2917 . benn ch.¤ fíadha `the point of a deer's horn', BS 144.6 . táin do ghnáth i nglas ch.¤ with horns entangled, DDána 99.13 .

(b) The material horn: do chloich no charraic no c.¤ , LU 6420 . cnes congnai imbi (of Fer Díad, see conganchnes), TBC-I¹ 2365 = cneas coineagna, RC x 341.33 . trí bera congnai `spears of horn', BDD 114A . crios comdhaingen . . . codhna, RC x 341.28 .

Note also: meamur c.¤ ferrdha fir (of membrum virile), Metr. Gl. 46 . a c.¤ cliabaigh (in lampoon), IT iii 103 § 197 . tri mna . . . co conngnaib bansidha caps(?), RC v 204.10 (? co ngnaib ban sidha 'with the beauty of women of the síd ' Ériu xxxix 203-4 ). ro chuir an ciormhaire a c.¤ amach, TFrag. 222.z (expld. in note as machine or instrument, perh. fuller's sign).

In n. loc. Cnoc in ch.¤ , Acall. 6449 .

Compds. see congan-.

con-ocaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-ocaib or dil.ie/12249

 

Forms: cotnucbad, ancondammucbaitisse, aconucbaitis, conucabtis, cotabucabarsi, conocba, conucbad, chutooccaibmis, conuicgebthar, nadruchumgab, connuargab, conuargabad, cumgabál, cumgabthe

v (*com-uss-gab-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 ). Also -uc-. Perf. formed with -ro-. lifts up, raises, exalts . With refl. inf. pron. (in later exx. somet. not expressed) rises, gets up, is lifted up: cotnoccaib in t-usci súas the water rises, LU 5519 (TBC). nech connocaib a guth, Ériu vii 170.3 . ? conas ecgaib . . . úasu , TBC-LL² 4198 (see n.). 4210 . inbuid conócbat a rrosc conócaib in folt, LU 7251 - 2 ( BDD 91 ). conocabar in firián gl. adtollitur iustus, Ml. 57d8 . conogabar indablu, Thes. ii 251.10 (St. Missal). conuargabthar hídnai arda . . . uas sciathcaraib (with stem of perf.), Alex. 9 . cotnucbad gl. iactabat, Ml. 53d8 . conocbath in carpat fris `it would tilt up', Ériu vi 134.21 . conocbad in talmain foib `used to raise the earth', Dinds. 109 = conogbhadh, Edinb. Dinds. 72 . ancondammucbaitisse gl. me . . . beatum dicebant, Ml. 39d11 . aconucbaitis gl. iactantes, 58c2 . intan conucbad in nél no bith immum aírc, 83a4 (leg. conucbada, note). conucabtis gl. efferri, 68c6 . conuaircaib in fer-sa is-in aeor (ipv. 2 s. cf. Alex. 9 supra), PH 1852 . cotabucabarsi gl. eliuamini, Ml. 46a7 . du hicumgabæ gl. ubi . . . sustuleris, BCr. 33d12 . conocba gl. subleuandi, Ml. 79c5 . asbeirsom frisnatorus arndacumcabat `he says to the doors to rise', 46a12 . cotom- rócbat uili `may they all upraise me,' Fél. Ep. 45 . conucbad gl. adtollere, Ml. 35c6 . 39a22 . ma chotócbaimmis (in rhet.), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.12 = chutooccaibmis, 12.27 . conocæba gl. sublimet, Ml. 20b5 . tócbad fírinni, cot-n-uicēba, ZCP xi 80.z = cot-n-ōcéba (leg. -oc-), 91.z . cain banscal conuceba(?) cathair C., Corp. Gen. 80.14 . conuicgebthar gl. gloriabitur, Ml. 64b8 . cotnócbus issin port (of salmon), Fraech 307 . friū conuccaib ind oub `the river rose against them', Thes. ii 340.54 ( Hy. v 54 ). ind nathir . . . conocabsa[t] maic Israel gl. suspenso, Tur. 129 . connucabsat dochum nÍsu `they rose', Thes. ii 321.1 ( Hy. ii 66 ). confogabsat . . . a m-bruinde os talmain, Alex. 723 = conogbaitis, ZCP xxx 131.5 . conócbad . . . in debaid `was kept up', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.y . ní tháinic i nÉrinn o conocbadh `since it was discovered', AFM ii 734.14 . . . . maic F. lasa cētcomgabtha coirthi, Rawl. 148b21 . nadruchumgab gl. iactasse, Ml. 20a7 (see GOI 340 ). connuargab gl. adtollit, 37b15 . conúargaib . . . in siair, Trip.² 140 . is é tan conuarcaib i[n] m[ur]brucht, Dinds. 45 . ni i n-ænuair conuaircaibset they arose (of waves), ibid. = contuarcaibset, Lec. 236 rb 40 . conuargabad gl. est . . . elatus, Ml. 32c1 . conúargabad . . . Pól . . . cosin tres nem, LU 1954 ( FA 2 ). leis conuargbad a ard-múr, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.10 . conurgbad tor la claind n-A., BB 388a50 . conúarcc[bh]adh a choccadh, Hugh Roe² 316.27 .

Vn. cumgabál. Part. cumgabthe.

dind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dind or dil.ie/16579
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, n. a nd.¤ , Sg. 63a13 . dinn mbera (n. loc.?), SG 148.17 . Originally a spike, a point? Cognate with ON tindr spike, tooth, mountain-peak. Cf. mō nā cliab co dendaib dēs a basket with spikelets i.e. ears of corn, BB 402b8 .

(a) height, hill: [d]inn ainm gach druimne, Metr. Gl. p. 17 . pridchaiss fri dē i ndinnib (glossed i telchaib), Hy. ii 28 ( Thes. ii 315 ). dionn .i. tulach nó cnoc, O'Cl. d.¤ .i. cnoc, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn tulach ┐ dinna tulcha, O'Dav. 743 . dinn .i. ard nó cleth[e], 649 . isé in cnocc mór mó cach d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 180 . ith ┐ blicht for cach d.¤ on every height, LL 200b48 . sab suithe cech d.¤ on every eminence, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). senchas d.¤ Erenn inso, RC xv 277 . bla cethra d.¤ a hill constitutes an exemption as regards (lit. of) cattle, Laws iii 296.11 . rí os cach airm os cach dinn, SR 209 . rí . . . tuarcgab cach d.¤ dia dulb, 7438 . rosiacht d.¤ richid the hill (fortress?) of heaven, 2099 . iscorsit . . . for d.¤ flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . bit áird úas d.¤ fhlatha they will be high above the Kingdom's height, Prolegomena 155 . sliab Sióin ina d.¤ uasu , LB 157b35 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll ndatha | . . . | . . . ar gach dionn, Content. xxx § 19 .

(b) fortified hill, walled or fortified town, citadel, stronghold: a ṅdind suthul á nomen gl. oppidum Suthul, Sg. 63a13 . D.¤ Map Lethain. . . . .i. Dūn Maic Liathain, Corm. Y 883 . D.¤ Tradui .i. dūn tredūi, 883 . Babilōin d.¤ rochumtaig Nīn, ZCP iii 18.33 . d.¤ dianid ainm Ilia, TTr. 1014 ( LL 231a9 ). dochum denna ┐ rigimscingi Príaím, 1845 ( LL 241b ). Toghail dénna Arimin annso sís, CCath. 382 . iar n-indriud in denda, BB 424a41 . rig-dinn Bresail Bregamain, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . ar na dindaib rocumdaiged leo i nErinn, Lec. 576a6 . gur gabsat dí chathair déc dia ndinndaib (or for dind[g]naib?) dithoghlaidi, ZCP i 398 . breó dar dinna a torch over fortresses, AFM an. 898 = AU 902 (poem). d.¤ betha the world (lit. the fortress of the world): nocon fhuair for d.¤ betha acht tri locha, LL 5b35 (`on the fort of Bith', Leb. Gab.(i) 62 ). Cf. d.¤ domuin, SR 866 . Fig. of a person a citadel, an eminence, a towering figure: d.¤ oc libur leigdocht he was an eminence in the book of the law (of C.C.) .i. no forcanad libru rechta co clethi, ACC § 27 . Drongach Doile d.¤ gaile, Rawl. 85a1 . an dionn eagnaid is geal gníomh, Ó Bruad. ii 136 . Of a notable event climax: Dinda na Tāna so sis .i. Caladgleo Cethirn, Fīacalgleō Fintain, etc., TBC-I¹ 2747 .

(c) stead, notable place: na tri dinna .i. Síd in Broga ┐ Duma na nGiall ┐ Dun Crimthain, Dinds. § 3 ( RC xv 291 ). do dindaib Ua ṅAmalgaid annso .i. Carnn Amalgaid ┐ Tir Amalgaid ┐ Fearsad Threisi, Dinds. § 135 (RC xvi). hi maig Find . . . mórtha d.¤ the spot was ennobled, Metr. Dinds. iii 394 .

(d) mansion, court: dinna na n-ingen . . . for fiarláit in dúnaidh, ZCP i 372 . bit cethra dinna anorcha acu soin, 368 .

(e) pinnacle, peak: eclais iar na cúmtach o cholomnaib ┐ o dinnaib ardaib, LB 159a57 . no foghluaisiond . . . dar dendaibh agus dar droibelaibh, TBC-LL¹ 5620 (Stowe).

(f) In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

(g) Used figur. in amplificative sense foll. by gen. of definition: bid bláith do deog a d.¤ chuirn from a mighty goblet (?), Ériu iv 106.8 . d.¤ chuirn, ACL iii 307 § 20 . ? conusaicet in scoith ndimoir | d.¤ comart[h]a tire tarngire a prominent sign (?) (of the land of promise) (but see below under compds.), ZCP x 410 . sé 's a drúth, ba d.¤ dīrmma a striking cavalcade, BColm. 88. 19 .

(h) as adj. agreeable, pleasant : dinn .i. aibhinn, O'Dav. 735 . d.¤ .i. cnoc no uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn .i. aibind, Stowe Gl. 69 . sephainn co grinn ceol (sic leg., coel, text) nglain ṅgil | bái a thoirm d.¤ fo secht nimib, SR 2160 . na sáraig Samuel fáith find | congab grad núalnar náebdind, 6026 . ? dá fagur tairisi dind, Celtica xiii 12.203 .

Compds. ¤bile a lofty old tree: ronfáema ar dinnbile (of Christ), SR 8223 . a rí na ríg, is tú mo dín mo dinnbile, IT iii 41 . ¤brat a mighty cloak (?): cet each ndonn ndindbrataibh (dínbhrataibh, LL). BB 278b16 . ¤chomartha a prominent sign: gur ferad cith cruaid-ger cloithnechta dinncomartha ármuigh dferaib Erend (cf. MR 236 where O'Don. from another MS. reads, probably rightly, d'innchomarta), LL 410b7 . ¤chor: a mighty setting forth (?), a great enumeration (?): ni fail do dainib . . . | nech thucas tria dindchur de | na fail d'ingnud lam rígse, SR 335 . ¤fher a notable man: Dímman derrit d., Gorm. June 27 . ¤fhogal plundering of fortresses (?): mór . . . leath-truim díth is dionn-fhoghla, Keat. Poems 996 . ¤gére: ar a d., IT iii 189 . ¤mall (?): dognith la Finnbarr . . . cumtach d. daigfethal, SG 84.37 . ¤mór: dia fúair deg-raind dindmóir | i crích Sengaind a noble share of strong places (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 298 . ¤ogam fortress-ogham (technical gramm. term): dinnogam .i. aicme bethi .i. Bruiden, Lifi, Femin, Scolae, Nemthend, Auraic. 5687 . ¤orc[h]aill: Donadhach dindorcaill a noble protection (?), AFM i 516 . ¤roga: a high choice, something noble or pre-eminent: mac fial Finnloga . . . | dim (leg. dia?) cech dindrogha dliges `to whom is due every choice honour', Lism. L. 3470 . ¤shenchas history of notable places (lit. hill-lore), topography, legendary lore: inn eól dúib a d.? LL 152b9 . feib adfét in súidi snas, | is desin a d., Metr. Dinds. ii 44 . ba suithe in cach dindsenchas, LU 657 (ACC). friscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ dínshenchus ┐ primscéla hÉrend, IT iii 50 . is cuman lim . . . dindsenchas clainne Adaim, LL 376b35 . d. na cnocc ┐ na tulach, Acall. 4788 . re táib dindsenchais cach cnuic, 2436 . dubláidi dindshenchais dait, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . nobiad aici a fhis dindsheanchais cach inaid sund, YBL 195a20 . a shenchaidhi . . . na fhochair ┐ sé ag déanamh dinnshenchais na criche reimhe dho, ITS v 28 .

1 dúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúas or dil.ie/18981

 

Forms: dúais, duas, duais, dúasu, dúaise

n ā, f. Later dúais. duas, IGT Decl. § 39 . duais, § 14 . a p. dúasu (: úasu), Metr. Dinds. iii 302.62 . gift, reward, esp. a recompense given to poets: doas ind immuin, Trip.² 2899 . rucus indīlsi ṅduais that the reward does not belong to the poet, ZCP xv 309 . duas teachta do file, Laws v 212 ( .i. in duais dligthech doberar don filid, Comm. ). dúas mo duane, LL 45b22 . dentar lim-sa d.¤ . . . do chnuass na cnō cumraide a reward from (for?) the harvest of fragrant nuts, 38a40 ( Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 79 ). dorónus dōibh dua[i]n . . . ni tardad dúas dar a hēisi, ACL iii 296 § 45 . tabhair [ar] mo dhán . . . | díolgadh m'uilc gidh daor an d.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 3 . Colum Cille nar críon duais, BNnÉ 253 . dofucus in mboin-sea i nduais n-airchedail, IT ii2 244 . i nduais filed, Laws v 128 . eochair duaisi duana songs bring forth gifts, ZCP vi 270 . do chuingid duaisi duaine, Acall. 5488 . iar femed na duaisi, RC xii 119 . duasa cinnte ar son a nduan ┐ a ndréacht, Keat. iii 1498 . cia dobheir uaidh duasa ar dhántaibh?, Keat. Poems 518 . rí is mō do dāil do duasaib ┐ derlaicib d'filedaib, BB 333a26 (late entry). ar duasaibh duanmholta, AFM vi 1906 . In wider sense, of a gift in general: doss .i. fili quasi duass .i. tinscra, Corm. Y 459 ; O'Mulc. 323 . Deissi .i. duaisi ar is a tinnscra mhná tucad doib ferann, Cóir Anm. 169 . cf. BB 251b39 (= dúis?). duais do chionn chomaoine a gift in return for kindness, KMMisc. 346 . is curata an seasamh le ar bheanadar duais ar bith the stand whereby they wrung any boon at all, Ó Bruad. iii 166 . Fionn fial na nd.¤ , Oss. iv 54 . ben dian fri duasu eager for gifts, Metr. Dinds. iii 302 .

Compds. ¤bog yielding (liberal) in gifts: Guaire duasbhog, Keat. Poems 829 ; 1353 . ¤línmar: Nualuidh dhuaislíonmhar abounding in gifts, 3 C 12, 257.12 . ¤mór: degfher duasmhór dána `accustomed to rich guerdons', SG 337 . saoi dearlaictheach duasmhór deigh-einigh munificent , AFM v 1724 ; vi 1996 . ¤ordairc (airderc): tar éis Cormaic, an daonnachtach d., 3 C 13, 832.5 . ¤úr: an triathfear d. whose bounty never withers, Ó Bruad. xiii 19 n.

See dúis, with which this word is somet. confused (esp. in pl. dúaise).

1 err

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 err or dil.ie/20330
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. IGT, Decl. § 39 .

I Hinder-part, extremity, tail: err .i. deredh, Cóir Anm. 126 . slemnithir eirr escuinge, Ériu iii 14 § 8 . lámh ar eirr easguinne, IGT, Decl. ex. 587 . sceith i mmuir ┐ a ethri i n-ardda. sceith i n-aér ┐ a err sís (of a sea-monster) LL 167b54 . err bhradain, O'Cl. (see cit. under eithre above). earr pheucóige, Mac Aingil 832 . TSh. 2352 . Of end of garment: leagar libsi earra ┐ ichtara bar n-eirriud `verges and skirts of your battle-coats' MR 176.25 . rug... ar irr falluinge air, 1 Sam. xv 27 . Hence a pennant, streamer: a earr máeithréidh meirgi, IGT, Decl. ex. 1404 . GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 102 . meirgeadha errleabhra, AFM v 1670w . Cf. eirr .i. eang, O'Cl. Of land : baile i mBeinn Ghulbain do ghabh, | do chumhgaigh ar eirr Uladh 'took up residence in Gulbain; he pressed hard against the rear of the Ulaidh', Giolla Brighde 30 § 3 ​. bhar gcura i n-eirr iargcúla, Ir. Monthly 1919, 286 . bá hann do rala do mhac Uí Domnaill beith in err Tíre Boghaine all aniar do Ghlenn Colaim Cille, AFM vi 1890.16 . i n-earr chóigidh Chonchobhair, Content. xvi 57 . Conclusion (of a statement, period, etc.): ag sin earr ar n-airteagal the last of our articles (of faith) A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 13 . tús is earr an uraghuill, Ir. Monthly 1923, 589 . go eirr th' aimsire, MS. Mat. 569.30 . ó thús go hearr aimsire, TD 28. 22 (heirr v.l.). i n-earr m'aimsire, Content. xxix 4 . aimsir Bhriain is é'na hirr at the end of it vi 188 . [baintreabhthach] do bhí i n-earr a haoise, Keat. ii 2671 . i n-eirr th'aoise MS. Mat. 569.14 . a earr ag breith ar an mbioth the world's end drawing near Ir. Monthly 1922, 294 . tinn an earr ar a agaid | a cheann a gcill comhadhaigh [leg. oidhidh: comhoidhigh?] `a sore consummation of his fate' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 146.12 . Cf. ro comairligedh aca dol fa eirr dona hard-shluaghaib agus... a n-indarbad do diguil orra agus rangadar co himell an longpuirt agus ro marbsat tri caogait curad, Celt. Rev. iii 18.21 .

II Point, spike, sharp edge (?): ina chathcarpat serda co n-erraib iarnaidib, TBC-I¹ 1965 (LU = cona erraib, TBC-LL¹ 2629 . cona searraibh St). a chathcriss...ro bíth immi ic díchur gai ┐ rend ┐ err ┐ sleg ┐ saiget, TBC-I¹ 1904 (LU; iærnn, TBC-LL¹ 2563 . ernn , H 2.17 . Eg. 93. om. St). Cf. co ndechaid in daighir tre eirr imchail...ichtarach chathsceith ...Cellaig `extremity' MR 266.9 . eirr .i. eang; sgiath erreadhach .i. eangach. O'Cl. The following perhaps belong to eirr, q.v.: uasa erra oenchairpait, LL 120a45 . i ndiaid erri óencharpait, FB 71 .

COMPDS.: here perhaps: ¤dub black-edged; having black ends (?): a lethar crapach errdub impu, LB 155a25 . an sduag urcrom neime fo deilb duinide... ┐ a heo errdub aigside uasu , BB 430b41 . ¤luath with swishing tails (?): gorbo coraighthe na heltacha eitche ainmhecha earrluatha do fhagaibh...da es ar in feoraind (fig. descr. of a shattered band of warriors) YBL 338a26 = Celt. Rev. iv 14.26 .

fathi, fáthi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathi, fáthi or dil.ie/21368
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: faithe

n Here perhaps faithe, IGT. Decl. § 2 . a compd. of 2 tí `circuit,' (but see ZCP xxxi 51 ), meaning primarily an involution, encompassing (?), a wrapping, enveloping (of a garment) (?): brat ... i faithi imbi folded, wrapped (?) TBC-I¹ 3200 . cassán ... i fadi uasu , TBC-LL¹ 5310 = bhi forcibul, TBC-I¹ 3247 (cassán in such contexts regularly means `pin,' `brooch,' TBC may be corrupt here). faithe .i. aoinfilleadh ēdaigh, O'Cl. Cf. cael fathe imenaisc fidhu, O'Dav. 1299 (`a slender fibre' Stokes). By extension a cloak (?): roling C. for a gaisced & rogab fathi immi. in cetna fathi rogab immi romaid fair co torchair a delg asa láim conid and atbert C.: ni bidba bratt beres robud, LL 119a35 - 37 . focheird fathi [fáthi LU] n-imbi, TBC-I¹ 1276 = focheird fáthi ferge dia brutt taris co tarla dar in corthi clochi he whirled his cloak angrily (?) TBC-LL¹ 1983 . cf. ro la fade di leind deirg | a mbi la fe fian for leirg [leg. imbi la fé fiad ?] ZCP xiii 256.19 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co rolasat faithe fiangaiscid impe a valorous circuit (?) Anecd. ii 54.13 . Cf. cend fo chonduala .i. na fathe, O'Mulc. 217 .

Cf. 1 fath.

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu , BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

? fodluthad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fodluthad or dil.ie/22625

 

Forms: fodluta

n m. closing, shutting up (?): g s. (?) corb egin clār fodluta (i.e. a cover or lid of planks), Dinds. 79 ( RC xv 482 ) = corbo ecen clar fodlutad uasu , BB 390b1 . Leg. fo dlūthad ?

2 forbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 forbaid or dil.ie/23343

 

Forms: forpaid, fuirbhthe, forbaide

n i, (< for + fid `an over-letter' according to KM, Wortk. § 214 ; but from that we should expect *forbud, and cf. forfid `diphthong'). The occasional spelling forpaid (p = bb) in YBL, e.g. Auraic. 3648 , 3655 supports the derivation for + buith (vn. of attá). Cf. forbbaid. As gramm. term a letter placed above the vowel of a monosyllable in Ogham to denote quantity , see ZCP xvii 298 ff . There were three `forbaide': forsail, expressed by `s' (i.e. síniud) signifying `long quantity'; arnin (`for n') expressed by `n' signifying that the latter at the end of the syllable is doubled, giving medium quantity to the preceding vowel (length by position), dínin dísail (`not n and not s'), signifying short quantity, expressed by `d': f.¤ dno .i. aiccentus lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 810 . f.¤ fuit for cumair the sign of length over a short 824 . g s. esse fuirbhthe , Auraic. 907 . pl. in tan scribthar int ainm ogaim, is and scribtar na forbaide sea uasu fri realadh fuid ┐ gair no fri tennad, 1551 . Lec. 160rb 4 . ate teora forbaidi docuisin lasin nGaidel .i. airnin ┐ forsail ┐ dinin disail, 4768 . at iat tri fourbaidi 3660 . ite teora fuirbhthe dochuisnet, 1545 . do da f.¤ na nguthaige ┐ d aenf.¤ na taebomna, 822 . Cf. 1 foirbthe, 1817 , 1855 .

1 ós, (úas)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ós, (úas) or dil.ie/34047

 

Forms: os, huas, húas, úas, oas, ás, ósind, ósin, úasum, huasum, huassot, uasat, uaso, uasa, uasu, uasom, uasto, uaisdi, uaisti, uasaind, ósib, úasaib, úassaib, uasdaib, uaistibh, uastu, uasu, uasa, uasa

prep. os, Wb. 21a14 . BCr. 33b1 . huas, Sg., Ml. húas, BCr. 18c4 . úas, Fél. Prol. 22. oas, LL 52a48 . ás, ib. TBC-LL¹ 2805.

With art.: ósind, ósin (uas-, huas-). pl. osnaib gaithaib, Trip. 130.21 . úasna flathib, Fél. Ep. 542. osna urgalá, TBC-LL¹ 2767 .

With pers. pron.: 1 s. úasum, Hy. vi 4. huasum, SR 856. 2 s. huassot, SR 1142 ; uasat. 3 s. m. and n. uaso, TBC-LL¹ 2488. TBC-LL¹ 1924 , 1956 ( LU 6438 , 6470 ). uasa, TBC-LL¹ 677. PH 4086. uasu , TBC-LL¹ 1820 , 858 , 2584 , PH 853. uasom, TBC-LL¹ 749 , and uasto, TBC-LL¹ 1952 ( LU 6466 ), are prob. mistakes. 3 s. f. (late forms) uaisdi, TBC-LL¹ p. 169 n. 1 . uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . 1 pl. uasaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752 , 5974 . 3 pl. ósib, Wb. 2b7 . úasaib, LU 8815 ; úassaib, 8151 ( FB 61.11 ). uasdaib, SR 565. uaistibh, CCath. 1955. BNnÉ 318.24 . uastu, LL 266a10 , 24 . BColm. 22.19 . uasu , TBC-LL¹ 5565 = uasa, St., H.

With poss. pron.: ós (uas) mo, etc. 3 s. m. uasa. Governs dat. (occas. with acc. forms in Mid.Ir.).

Over, above ; gl. super, Wb. 2b7 , 21a14 ; supra, Sg. 17b3 , 68b3 .

(a) of local relations: in tituil ro boí huas ciun[n] Crist isin chroich, Ml. 74b1 . aesca bís os talam, Thes. ii 20.39 ( BCr. 33b1 ). isnaib rendaib fail húas gréin, Thes. ii 12.38 ( BCr. 18c4 ). nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752 = ós ar ccend, St. lia uas lecht, IT i 158.1 ( LL 154a45 ). `Décha uasad!' Ro dechai iarom suas, ZCP xiii 179.9 . On (top of) (= prep. for): mind n-óir os a cind on her head, TBC-LL¹ 1557. scíath . . . uasu , 1820 . slegh . . . uastu [leg. uasu] ┐ claidem 'na laim, TTebe 3575 . issin brutt ossa bruinni, IT i 119.16 . os gabur gil (mounted) on a white horse, 158.2 . Denoting proximity, overlooking, overhanging : connici in taulaig ós ur na Bóinne, CRR 27. co Dínn Ríg os Berba, 16 . co nhebailt . . . uas Muir Icht by the sea of Wight, RC xxiv 192.12 . ruiber . . . caislen ar c[h]noc ard uassa, Fl. Earls 76.19 . In loose sense: co fárcbaid ós Tig Duind `at Tech D.', Ériu iv 136 z . Findachta . . . secht mbliadhna os cornaibh comōil, MacCarthy 418.3 ( BB 50a47 ), cf. Eng. `over the wine-cups'. dabuch d[e]arg-iubair . . . slog oss a ucht, ZCP viii 108.19 . a[g] golgairi uastu lamenting over them, TTebe 1926 . Rarely with vb. of motion: domfuc tond ós letha lind, LU 3001.

In late Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. the compd. prep. ós cind (ós cionn) takes the place of the simple form.

(b) of fig. relations: is huas neurt dom above my strength, Sg. 1a6 . húa[s] sillaib .i. móa óen sillaib (gl. supra syllabam), 68b3 . lánbendacht . . . úas bar ṅdálaib, Fél. Ep. 63. do fail a hainm úasu her name is on it (a mountain), Metr. Dinds. iii 302.64 . Above, surpassing, superior to: os cech anmimm, gl. super omne nomen, Wb. 21a14 . tlácht ós lígib (uas, huas v.l.), Hy. iv 10 , glossed: etach doroisce cach n-etach socraid, Thes. ii 326. ato[t]daimet fir Herend uasaib acknowledge thy superiority, FB 61 ( LU 8815 ). eo Rosa ós gach righfiodh- bhaidh, ZCP viii 221 § 43. (Head) over, (ruling) over: a rí uasna flathib, Fél. 542. biam tigerna os cech druṅg | ni bia rí aile huasum, SR 855 - 6 . Crist uas doinib, PH 6384. Íssu úas tuinn tuili who rules the flood-wave, Fél. Prol. 250 , cf. Apr. 23 (see ZCP ix 338 ). Patraic ás hErinn hi foss, | Brigit oas hErind andess, ZCP xi 110 § 31 ( LL 52a48 ). cethri bliadna Crimthaind . . . ós ind hErind, MacCarthy 192.3 ( LL 129a13 ). ní chlos éinbhean . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann no woman was ever heard of ruling over . . . , Content. xxx 21. ina úachtarán . . . uassan gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 94.17 .

(c) in adverbial phrases in combination with a noun or adj.: ós cind over, above , used instead of the simple prep. in later lang. (see 1 cenn); bun ós cinn upside down, topsyturvy; ós aird aloud, openly ; ós ísel in private, secretly .

(d) rarely used as adv. (in place of túas, súas): imbeir cóic deich ubull óir | ós clesit fora anōil they bound aloft, SCC 37 ( LU 3811 ). bid trom form-sa amarach, | bid huas dam a ḟeidm will be beyond me (?), TBC-LL¹ 2262 (mistake for huasam?) = bud fortrén, TBC-LL¹ 3047. cath lond Luachra huas anuas | adces Brighid up and down (?), RC xvii 130.8 . in roibhi cumachta Righ neime uais [leg. úas] tis above and below, Auraic. 2433.

scúapaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scúapaid or dil.ie/36677
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: scúapad

v (scúap). IGT Verbs § 67 .

(a) sweeps : go sguabam im theallach thall 'so that I may sweep on yonder hearth', Giolla Brighde 256 § 30 . scúabfuidh mé í le scuáib an léirsgris, Isaiah xiv 23 .

(b) of the wind sweeps along, wafts : triur iascaire ro sgúab gaeth assin tír seo dar n-indsaigid, Acall. 5967 v.l. ro scu[a]p in gaeth dib inn dob[ar]nellgail . . . bui uasú swept away the damp cloud of mist, CCath. 3187 . scu[a]baid an gaeth cedna moran da gaineamh na fairgi a ndorus srota Nil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 54.z . go ro sguabait ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] so that they were swept away from shelter of land (of ships), ML² 665 . co scuaibeobthar amal míltóga a n-iffern iat, PH 7525 . Cf. scuabfuidh an cloichshneachta an dídean ón mbréig, Isaiah xxviii 17 .

Part.: amal mbís tegdís fás [a mm]edón ┐ scópthe, Tur. 14 . scópthe gl. scopata, 15 . do ghabhadh trí cáoga psalm gach láoi . . . for lár lom lán-sccúaptha on a bare, swept floor, BNnÉ 233 § 149 . do ghebh sí folumh, sgúabtha deaghmhaiseach é (a house), Matthew xii 44 .

Vn. scúapad.

1 séol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 séol or dil.ie/37186
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: seól

n o (OE segel, GOI p. 574 ) seól m., IGT Decl. § 75 . Poss. neut. in one or other sense (only in chevilles): seol ngle, Ériu xxi 155 § 38 ; seol mbil, § 40 ; seol ngorm, § 41 .

(a) a sail : séol gl. uelum, Sg. 14a15 . seol gl. carbasus, 70a13 . fernn siúil nó seól gl. artimone, Thes. i 498.32 . telcid sís na séolu, LU 6888 . co facca na corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11 . bātor seōlta tōgaibthe sealat aca sealat oile ag imramh, Fl. Earls 20.15 . níor fhéadadar a seóil do leathnughadh, Isaiah xxxiii 23 . do-chí laoidheang fa lán seóil | feadh radhairc ón iath aineóil, TD 20.30 . lán an tsiuil ga léibheann long, Aithd. D. 38.20 . fer siúil the lookout man : fear siuil do dhechsain ce hairead uathaibh go tír, BB 39a25 . Fig. go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas go sár-aibéil, TSh. 2389 . toigébhaid téda do chroinn | seól aigeanta d'aos mearbhaill `the strings of thy instrument will hoist the sail of courage for those that are bewildered', Studies 1919, 611 § 3 . tréigfead an réim do bhí romham-sa, | léigfead síos go mín mo sheolta, Hackett xxvi 10 .

Of a piece of material, a covering : cid atá etir na clarlestraib út . . . atá seolbrat and . . . frith in seol timmarcte etir na da chlárchiste, LU 182 . sīrechtach rosrethnaiged | a seōl ndobrōin for Ere `der Schleier der Trauer', Bruchst. i 47 § 105 . Of the veil in the Temple of Jerusalem: seól mór ... do dénum to make a great veil, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 189 § 40 . Of a bed-covering: at-chonnarc and imdae . . . s.¤ (seolbrat, v.l. See Gl.) n-airgdidi impe, BDD² 991 . an awning, tent : ro boi . . . a n-oinach sin . . . fo noi cétuib seol findanart `under nine hundred awnings of white sheets', Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Of battle-gear: s.¤ catha gu cléith orraibh | sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, IGT Decl. ex. 1132 .

(b) a bed, couch : séol .i. leabha, O'Cl. siul .i. imda, ut est fech sin ar siul tuas, O'Dav. 1426 . ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐ i n-airidhiu a seat of honour, 841 . con facca ní hinn ingin chuici ar crann siuil do as he was on the bed-stead, RC iii 344.1 . ní tharga Bresal . . . dá echtra co a sheol, SG ii 471.42 . ? To this in phr. ben siúil (cf. 2 séolad, séolae): a woman in childbed : iss i richt mná siúil | sedda Ulaid uli, LU 8357 ( FB 24 ). nert mna siúil ba h-ed no bíd la cech fer di Ultaib (of the ces noínden), LL 126a22 . fir athgaiti nó mna siuil, IT iii 193.23 . ar mna asiul, ar m-bæ ansiul `our women are pregnant, our kine barren', Hib. Min. 66.15 .

(c) a weaving implement, a loom : bacán siuil bainfighidh `the spinster's distaff', Mart. Don. 32.8 . ? To this: ní gabha ┐ ní ceard cóir, | . . . | ní figheach (fhighim, MS.) i seólaibh slinn, Hackett li 7 .

(d) course : luathred na conar conasecgaib ri seol ṅ-gáithe uasu , TBC-LL¹ 5057 . dos-bert s.¤ trom for a charpat he hastened his chariot, 2640 . tabair s.¤ étrom forsin carpat drive quietly, MU² 248 . co tarrla in tṡleg ina seol neme a mullach a hochta issin mnái, Acall. 7710 . acht narab seol gnius no gnimaiges fuithib, Laws iii 226.24 Comm . is diairimh tra in seolsa ana torcratar do laochaib . . . sund this progress? (i.e. the course of Troilus), TTr. 2220 ( LL 408a39 ). ro chansat ceól cen chorbra | for a s.¤ co sír-ṡolma, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.12 . ar in seol sin dhoibh seal daimsir `they continued so for some time', Rel. Celt. ii 202.13 . cidh nach léigidh linn ar seol | munab éidir inn d'aithcheodh, Content. viii 4 . amail canait ceól dia n-Athair | for seól bethad (of waves), ZCP v 496 § 2 . dola ar aenseol: imtusa Ruaidri o'tcuala na crecha ┐ na hechta-sin do denam do Mac Diarmata ┐ a dola ar aenseol rena dalta of his allying himself with his foster-son, Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . Freq. in chevilles: ni seol seim ni suairc soraid, SR 8086 . for seol sercc, 583 . ba seol fæthe, TBC-LL¹ 2374 . seol bind, LL 7b24 . ba seol suba, Anecd. i 57 § 57 . Fig. ni gael sidha an seol do-niad, Irish Texts iv 113.1 . mor seol nach degheol don droing | is eol do Cheneol Conuill, ii 15.41 .

(e) hence manner, way: o nar fetsat ni di forsin seol-sin, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . ó nachar édadh teacht uirre trésin seol sin by that device, O'Gr. Cat. 8.y . bliadan lain do ┐ si oca aithidig fon seol sin in that way, RC iii 344.8 . seol .i. bes no soailgis, ut est fo seol na haimsire i mbiat .i. fo cain no fo urradus, O'Dav. 1432 . ? Of behaviour: ba hingna[d] s.¤ na hingine, Acall. 6366 . means, expedient : ro bo maith in seol aimlesa allmaraigh in t-árdrígh `a good instrument to a foreigner's prejudice', Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.31 .

(f) metaph. Of music a strain (O'Brien, Ériu xi 169 , Études Celt. iii 362 suggests that there may be a separate word here, perh. a vn. of 1 seinnid modelled on céol but see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 244 ): ni céol side s.¤ fodgain, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ). sephain seol salmda os bla | ba ceol n-amra n-adamra, SR 6063 . canam a ceól rocansat | na sruithi, seōl rosonsat (`the course (?) which they have sounded forth'), Ériu ii 63 § 2 . co cloisind guth na n-én n-ingnad, | seól co subai, ZCP v 496 § 3 . seol roscadach gach ráithe | in ceol sostadach síthe, SG 347.16 .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤brat sail-cloth, a sail : as neimleiscce no tinoilfitis naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3737 . ¤bréit sail-canvas, a sail : do chuireadar a seól-bhréidi . . . anáird, Atlantis iv 168.7 . ¤chelg: ro suidhiughit . . . ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge they were arrayed in order in a treacherous ambush, Hugh Roe 226.5 (fo. 60a) . ¤chrand mast : sithidir seólcrand prímlui[n]gi móri, LU 6474 (TBC). isé dochoid sin séolcrand do descain na hErend, LL 12b12 . co tocbaitis na seolcraind, Cog. 156.x . ¤gnímaige activity, dexterity : re seol-ghnimhaighe a saer, MR 102.19 . ¤réim course : niór sguireadar don tseól-réim sin, Atlantis iv 168.13 . ¤shuidiugad: ag seolsuidhiughadh an ordanais placing the ordnance (for shooting), Hugh Roe 294.13 (fo. 77b) . ¤uchtach ? ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib, MR 112.12 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brecc: sruth na Sinna séol-brice of the speckled sails, Metr. Dinds. iii 274.60 . ¤chomarthach: do slegaib . . . seol-chomarthacha pennanted, MR 224.2 . ¤chrannach: an griangha . . . srianach saigheadach seolchrannach having ships (of a person), Ó Bruad. iii82. x . ¤dírech: ro haimsedh eissidhe go seóildireach d'urchor do pheilér `he was shot with a straight aim', AFM v 1802.3 . ¤gasta: fir Eirionn go seolghasta `in swift course', Duan. F. i 90.2 . ¤neimnech: ro léicc saithedha seoilneimhnecha saighdiúiridhe dá saighidh `fierce and energetic bands of soldiers', AFM vi 2224.2 .

síst

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síst or dil.ie/37713

 

n [ā, f.] Apparently with short vowel in Mod.Ir. See siostghoim below and cf. sistaid.

I Of time

(a) a time, period, while : decmaic .i. sist, ut est `a beith slan ni decmaic' [.i. ni decmaing] bias slainti dó, acht dogres, O'Dav. 655 (gloss on Fél. Ep. 172 ). bid calma ár s.¤ sinni, TBC-LL¹ 3279 . siist ár marbad Airtt na n-ech, ZCP viii 264 § 18 . i sistib at times, Alex. 1026 = siste, BB 499b30 . tiagaid . . . iar sist ┐ iar selad co sliab . . ., 241a16 . snaidhmit a cuir . . . 'man sist sin for this period (viz. a year), LB 278a73 . Míchéal maraidh sé is ní sísd it is not for a while only (?), Dán Dé xxvi 56 . tigherna Caille . . . do ghuin ┐ a écc iar sist after a (short) time, AFM ii 792.4 .

(b) spell, turn, bout : uair ro ferois do siost comhlainn, ZCP x 288.31 . secht mbliadna dam forsan sist sin, Anecd. i 73 § 210 . doronsamar sist chomhráidh `we made converse for a while', BS 106.8 . roataigh rium Crist do nimh | ar ṡíst mbig do léimeandaigh, 128.4 . t'aire rum, a rí na mbreath, | dainimh sunn ar sísd don bhioth `evil my spell of life here', Aithd. D. 51.11 .

(c) a respite, a truce : nachar damadh sīst nō sealaidheacht da bar sinnseraib um an oilén sa, ML² 1545 . anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe (sic), BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

i n-óen-s. simultaneously, at the same time : is sí no fired Ultu uli i n-óens., LU 10138 . [ro] righset a lámha i n-aensist ┐ i n-aćnuair ina bord, CCath. 2119 . ro greissit uile iarum i n-enṡ.¤ (inaenfecht, v.l.) ┐ i n-én[ḟ]ábhall, 1827 . glefid dia edruind i nensist `some day or other', Ériu v 236.59 .

Acc. used adverbially: assisedar sist forsin purt oc deiscin na n-ingen, LU 10667 (glossed: .i. seal, ZCP v 524.28 ). congna lem . . . rom bíth ┐ tucus leth mo bráthar ar mo muin beir s.¤ lim help me for a bit, LU 4935 . isam aithrech, a Crist cain, | dumrad sist fo domenmain, Laws v 22.22. Comm . = Fél.² cxl 20 . comamser . . . don Chathair-seo ┐ do Chund . . . s.¤ máir, LL 315b46 . ro boi sist cen labra . . . ar uaman in sceoil, ZCP iv 384.13 . biaigh cach oc a molud | co lá bratha sist (: Crīst) all the while till doom, RC vi 176.76 . boi occa co lán-gradach sist fhota (ḟota, MS. = fota with nasalized f), PH 839 .

(d) of space, distance, interval : conaccutar tímthirecht aingel uasu s.¤ on tsligid, Fél.² cxxviii 24 = sel on tṡligid, Fél. 180.34 . sruth Tigir i Pardus buán | fota sair sist ra himluad, ZCP viii 517.5 . sist fhoda etarra. Rochluineadh-som immorro inni itbereadh, Lism. L. 4042 .

Compd. ¤goim temporary anguish : 's nach bí siostghoimh (: iostaidh) seal um chéill, Ó Bruad. ii 126.3 (`clamour-forcing anguish').

súilech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súilech or dil.ie/39218
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: suilech, mintshuilech, maethshuilech

adj o, ā (súil) having eyes or sight : suilech centum oculos habens gl. Argus . . . oculeus, Sg. 94a1 . nephsuilig .i. nephfegi són gl. minus occulati, Ml. 42d8 . fer s.¤ slíastach slinnénach having big eyes, MU² 624 . deich [g]-coin t-sholmha, shúileacha `quick-eyed', Leb. Cert. 204.22 ( BB 278b14 ). doriṅgne Dia dúlech | imchloichmod sulech sluagach, LL 114b26 . Of a spear: gae súlech go foscadaib uasu `ein mit (Glas-)augen besetzter Speer', TBC-LL¹ 5271 . As subst.: gár dhoilghe ioná dall go súileach 'how would it be harder than to give the blind man sight', Giolla Brighde 220 § 23 . In compds.: mintshuilech gl. luscus, Ir. Gl. 430 . maethshuilech gl. lippus, 431 . co n-acca in scáilfer . . . se . . . bolcsuilech with bulging eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). na gcailleach . . . gcuasshúileach, PCT 341 .

tendad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tendad or dil.ie/40491

 

n u, m. vn. of 1 tendaid.

(a) pressing, straining, tightening: ic tennad a tairngi, TTr. 136 . oc tennad a étaig `tightening his raiment,' RC xiii 102.15 . tucustair t.¤ ... fair he gave him a squeeze, CCath. 2958 . go nár fhágaibh an ainbhthine ... tairrnge gan teannadh, ML 48.16 . ro gab ... na téta aga tennadh, Études Celt. i 82.4 . da raibh an t-at bog ... ┐ a dhol roimh fhasgadh no theannadh an mheóir, 23 K 42, 202.3 . teannadh ar a bhogha, TSh. 8495 . iar seangadh 'san dún sin damh | mo theannadh ó shoin níor féadadh I could never since be made stout, Tribes of Irel. 42.4 . In Auraic. technically applied to lengthening of vowel produced by follg. -nn- (-nd-): scribtar na forbaide-sea uasu fri realadh fuid ┐ gair nō fri tennad, 1552 = tendad, 4782 .

(b) Mil. etc. pressing after or upon, harrying: teanna[dh] le cró na gcrann `to press upon the hedge of spears,' Content. xix 4 . da theannadh ┐ dá thimsugad is an cathlathar cedna, MR 234.14 . ag tendadh na toraigheachta, AFM v 1646.13 . a ttráth na troda do thendadh do mhaighistir B. `came to a close fight,' vi 1880.12 . nach roiched feidm tendta nā toraidhechta ar feraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 118.15 . Cf. in tethad ┐ in ten[n]ad ruc o chach, TTebe 2446 .

(c) urging, encouraging, forcing (to an action): ar lucht cinti a comarli ┐ tenta a turaiss `urged their journey,' TTr. 1768 . corbat santaig ri tennad tressa for Troiánu, 1636 . aga tennadh ┐ aga threnghresacht dochum an comlainn, TTebe 4372 . orra ag teannadh toghla an chraoi, Timth. 1918, 12 § 24 . ar ti treasa do thennad, MR 224.23 . do th.¤ giall for Desmumain `to force hostages on D.,' RC xviii 42.8 . ag tennadh a chíosa agus a chána for coigríochaibh, L. Cl. A. B., 35.z .

See 1 tennta.

tipra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tipra or dil.ie/40932
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: tiprait, tipraite, tibra, tibrait, tiobreacha, tíubruid

n nt, neut., m., f. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 478.8 , Ériu lii 80 and cf. tipri). Later also n s. tiprait, g s. tipraite. g s. tibra, TTebe 48 . tibrait, 52 . n p. tiobreacha, Proverbs iv 23.

Well, spring, fountain, source (cf.: isi in deichbir: topar nocha teit uisci as ┐ tipra ... roichi uisci aisti, H 2.15A, 85b ( O'D. 1219 ).): Nemnach .i. fir-t.¤ fil ocon tsíd, LL 30a1 . t.¤ quasi tobra .i. tobrūchta uisci as. nō teipirsiu, Corm. Y 1217 . t.¤ ina telluch techtaide, MU 6.6 . di tiprait indsin, LL 30d26 . asin tiprait inna hinsi, LU 1860 . atá t.¤ sin tṡíd, 3706 . do tháet ... do inlut a lam don tiprait, 3787 . ic immain chairech fo smacht | dochum topur is tiprat, SR 3740 . atchitis tiprata ┐ aibne in domain, Ériu ii 98 § 2. lán do tibradaibh fíráille fína, iii 156.13 . do neoch fil a tibradaib, xii 150.16 . luid íarum cu rránicc Tiprait Chuirp, BDD² 1456 . a thibrai na n-uili dualach, YBL 162b28 = a thibriucht, PH 8238 . fri hól do dháinib scítha estib nofácbatis imorro uasu forsna tibratib, Thr. Ir. Gl. 3.z . co nacaidh ac an tipraid na teora mna, 13 . (Segais) .i. ainm tibraiti, Anecd. v 25 n. 9 . Segais .i. ainm in tsīda (.i. a fail tibrait) asa taet in Bōin[n], O'Mulc. 844 . ar brúach tiubraide fairsinge, Ériu v 168.89 . tiopro glanvsci innte ... Tipra na mBéo ainm na tipraite ód, Aisl. Tond. 111.17 , 19 . fogheiphitt tiopra ... co ro loingset a lor daothain eisti, Leb. Gab.(i) i 206.7 . i loch-thiprataibh lan-doimnibh, MR 102.4 . ós chind na clasach coiseagartha inunn són ocus na fir-thiprat, 232.22 . t.¤ fhir-uisce, Fl. Earls 106.20 . tíubruid a cistern , Eg. Gl. 599 . an gcuireann tiubruid uáithe ... uisge milis?, James iii 11 . tiobruid ... gach uile pheacaidh, Donlevy 154.22 . t.¤ túath, IT iii 35 § 17.

Common in place-names: Ciarán Tiobraide Naoi, Keat. iii 1720 . ic Tiprait Mail, Laws v 472.9 Comm. ó Thiprait fáine co Garrda n-Isperda Taprobane , Acall. 2774 . ó Thipraid bo finne, 229 v.l. See Hogan Onom.

uilnech, uillech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uilnech, uillech or dil.ie/42992

 

Forms: uillech, uilnig

adj o-ā (uilen) having elbows, angles, corners : a nas lie uilnech and Ísu Crist `the corner-stone,' Wb. 21c6 . epert as lie uilnech, Ml. 131c12 . a s f. mar chloich nuillig, LB 185a31 . v s f. a c[h]och uillech `O corner-stone' Hib. Min. 43.13 . g s. ind uilnig (gl. angularis), Ml. 131c12 . Of a hood : di chocholl huillnech Aróin, SR 4510 . Of a country: atchúala i nEspáin uillig ingin lesc-báin láechbuillig `many-cornered,' Metr. Dinds. i 8.37 . isin Espain nuilligh nfuair, Leb. Gab.(i) i 240.12 . Of pointed weapons: sleg uillech órchrúi uasu , TBC-LL¹ 5428 . droṅga ... na sleg n-ard n-uillech mórchrui, TTr. 1451 ( LL 236b11 ). Aodh díbh ro b'ḟogha uilleach `keen in onset,' Ir. Monthly 1924, 587 § 13 ( DDána p. 391 ) = Irish Texts ii 18 . Of a tree: eocrand ... uillech, BB 302b47 . IT iii 13 § 23 .

Compds.: broen¤ : is mé Find, am féith fromtha, | co cléith brogtha bróen-uillig `of dripping edges,' Metr. Dinds. iii 234.10 . cleth¤ : aonfer d'úib ... clethuillecha ... Cinndergáin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.22 (not transld.). moel¤ : a glún-mhaol mhall mhaol-uilleach `O woman whose arms are gently curved,' Ir. Monthly 1920, 165 § 21 ( DDána p. 396 ). tre¤ three-cornered : conice in Easpain uilide fodeas .i. tre-uilleach, BB 3b17 .