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1 ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ach or dil.ie/184

x see 1 uch .

airgat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgat or dil.ie/2019

Forms: a.

n (? 1 gat). In plant-name a.¤ feda meadow-sweet: uch ab eo quod est aucha .i. aurgat feda, Corm. Y 1271 . Acc. to Corm. Tr. 165 a.¤ feda is the herb now called airgead lúachra: gab bun airgid luachra `take a root of meadow sweet', O'Gr. Cat. 182.4 . airgid luachra = Lat. regina prati, Rosa Angl. 296.5 .

anae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anae or dil.ie/3271

n io, m. (the expl. as * ad-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 585 would require a form *ánae. See the rhyming exx. infra). On conn. with mod. in ann, i ndan, indon etc. see Éigse xi 85 - 88 . In early lang. usually in pl. wealth, riches, prosperity: ana [.i.] saidhbhrios, Metr. Gl. 14 § 26 . anae graece .i. sursum, unde dicitur an. Anōs datur feib ┐ ana caich, quod indicat nomen hominis .i. antropus .i. suas-deicsid, O'Mulc. 86 . aninae .i. dapes, unde a.¤ , 87 . ana .i. sonas no saidhbhrios, O'Cl. lase rombatar a n-anai inna lamaib, Ml. 95a13 . imforling anu dúnni a paupertas gl. habundauit in diuitibus, Wb. 16c2 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu, Ml. 57a3 . is hé as topur inna n-ane gl. qui prestat nobís omnia abunde, Wb. 29c7 . ar thercai inna n-ane ndomundae, Ml. 56d14 . im chuindchid inna n-a.¤ nerchradach, 59d3 . honaib imbedaib inna n-a.¤ , 45b8 , 56b24 . inna n-ánæ gl. opum, 28a3 . donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . a foróil bess lib dinaib anib gl. uestra habundantia, 16c22 . ho anaib gl. diuitiis, Ml. 36a9 . doformaig a ánae, Fél. Ep. 195 . a.¤ ┐ suthaine dóib, Trip.² 2213 . nach tech suidigthir amlaid sin . . . ní bia can ana and, LL 3798 (= Dinds. RC xv 280 `treasures'). imrōl tocaidh ┐ ordan ┐ anai, ACL iii 298 § 64 . tri hana antreinn: tipra i sléib . . ., Triads 147 . ferr ana inā ancis, ZCP vi 261.3 . mathair anai cech ḟini, Metr. Dinds. i 10.71 . a linn na n-uile n-ana (: eangnamha), Dánta Gr. 41.107 (to a person). gér mór a ana / a einech 's a almsana (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . sonas ná ana ná ágh, TSh. 9319 . In sense of provisions: nolethad a n-a.¤ tar[na] tire, Corm. Bodl. 28 (orcc tréith) = Corm. Y 1018 . aná mblechta, Ériu viii 69.70 = ana lachta, RC xx 250.20 . fácbaid tra rath ┐ bendachtu for deoradu Imblechu, ┐ ana mhinaráin i n-Imblig, MacCongl. 55.14 . ana cuile, ZCP x 50.4 . ? is tre fír flathemon cach ana lán cach lestar lán imma ḟlaith, ZCP xi 88 § 11 = cach recht rán, 81 § 12 . Fig. of a person: T. O Baighill ana thuaisceirt Erínn (sic), AU ii 270.16 . ó theasda mh'ana eisd mh'uch (: cara), DDána 90.25 . Ultan ana (.i. fertach) `U. a treasure', Gorm. Apr. 16 . As mock n. loc. Ana ┐ Indmas ┐ Brugas a tri ṅdúine, LL 3914 .

Compd. ¤-dénmaid: dind anedenmid gl. opifice, Ml. 25a19 . innanadeinmid gl. opificem, 42b17 .

anbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbáil or dil.ie/3388

Forms: anbóil

adj also anbóil and perh. -aíl (see below) (an + fóill); adj. of vague meaning, common in hyperbole and us. alliterating: Sergius . . . a theist is ard anbail (: fagbail) very great , Gorm. Feb. 24 . crothadh anbháil arrachta excessive , TBC-LL¹ p. 545 n.5 . do c[h]uirset greim anbáil air, ML² 284 . coccadh anbháil etir . . . Conn . . . ┐ Aodh, AFM iv 1186.12 . a mbeith i n-eiccen anbhail, v 1740.1 . i ngalar anba anbhóil (: Roimh), BNnÉ 276 § 259 . g. anbháil (anfforlannach v.l.), 275 § 257 . eagla anbāil, ML² 979 . aingcise anbháile na hanma, TSh. 7878 . bedgaid do bhithin a chráid / 'na chrithir ḟergaig anbháil `in a mighty tremor of resentment', O'Gr. Cat. 461.15 . ag fornaidhe an uilc anbháil `extraordinary evil', TD 4.24 . an téigmheadh (= éigem) ainbháil eccobsaidh na mban, Ériu v 76.1 . ícc anbail ina einech, MR 132.4 . an éaraic uile anbháil (: láibh), DDána 39.4 . fleochud mor ┐ falcc anbail, MR 68.6 . anfadh anbháil, TSh. 2054 . tuile éigse anbháile (: Dáire), Content. x 23 . mine chluinead . . . in n-nual[l] n-anuail, TTebe 408 . na nuala arda anbaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 3717 . uch, a Dhé, as anbháil an fhoir, ZCP x 26.12 . Of a weapon: ro ghabhastur an óirsgiath . . . n-anbhóil . . . gona bile . . . anbháil terrible, Cath MT 491 . Of a person: fatha marbtha Eōin āin / do muintir hIrúaith anbāil, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . anbhal .i. anbfóill .i. romhór, O'Cl. Adv.: rofubad Find co hanbail, LL 193a32 . fo cinget in roth co hanbhail imdiscir, TBC-LL¹ 5614 . glaoidhes C. go hanbhail ar Laogh, p. 561 n.7 . creidit na manaigh co hanbail / cabair d'faghbáil dóib ó'n righ, SG 23.8 . lá co n-oidhci do co hanbháil / can a fhaghbáil de ó dheoin Dé, 27.29 . atracht co hanbhfhail, Lism. L. 1485 . co anbail oscardha, MR 120.3 . bátar co hanbhail esrainti greatly scattered, CCath. 737 .

? Also: co cath ard Ocha a.¤ (: cain, leg. anbaíl: caín ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 12.142 . Appar. as subst. in: tug mac an Dagdha . . . / serc gan tarba fri hanbaíl / do mnaí Ch., Metr. Dinds. iv 270.5 . Perh. forms of anbal.

Cf. anfóill.

1 ansae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ansae or dil.ie/3771
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ins(a)e, ins(a)e

(ass(a)e). Also ins(a)e, see GOI 544 . Always ins(a)e in Wb. in positive copula sentences, Thurn. ZCP i 5 .

I Adj. io, iā. Not used attrib. in O. Ir. Glosses.

(a) hard, difficult (to do): is insæ in ball do thinchosc neich asberad cenn, Wb. 13a19 . Frequ. in phr. is a.¤ do: nipa anse dúib mo intsamil, Wb. 19d18 . niba anse duit, 29d21 . amal nách nannse ṅdúib, 6d9 . is inse a ndímiccem, 4c2 . is inse ṅduit, 5b28 . ba inse dún epert gue, 14c29 . ni anse són, Ml. 45d20 . ba ansa dóib immthecht i tír, Trip.² 1525 . cid ansa don curp `if it is hard for the body', Mon. Tall. 149.22 (§ 60) . bá ansa damsa óenadaig / la demon co n-ír, LU 9441 . is andso (.i. is dolig) dam-sa ém a brethugud, 8777 . atá nech risnid andsa (.i. risnad dolig), 4004 ( SCC 45 ). is indsa don memor cachtad in cind, Laws iv 54.22 Comm. mo thaeb dess is mo tháeb clé / andsa mess for cechtar de, LL 9463 . dambad fherddi in cóiced a bith ace ra blíadain ni hindsa a bith ace it is not impracticable for him to have it, MU² 84 . Adv. ní géis co ansa do not make a difficult request, LU 3487 ( SCC 26 ). Of persons hard (to cope with), troublesome: dindí as na.¤ . . . á cenél sin `for that that nation is troublesome', Ml. 104a6 .

The phrase ní ha.¤ is commonly used to introduce an answer to a question in meaning well, as a matter of fact: cannas ro hainmniged? nī hannsa. Léna mac R. . . ., Sc.M² 23 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach ? ní anse: arindí crenas . . ., Críth G. 1 . ced ón, cía sút ? ní hannsa . . . Conchobar . . ., MU² 550 . cindus nodngebtar ? . . . ninsa, Mon. Tall. 140.27 (§ 33) . cait a mbi si . . . ninsa .i. ni handsa, Laws v 2.7 Comm.

(b) hard in sense of unpleasant, unfortunate, sad: an cádhus do chleacht idir / ionnsa a dhul a ndímhigin (of poetry), Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . ionnsa don truaill-se atá umainn / an lá fhuair-se urraim uain `bad for this body of mine the day I spared it', Dán Dé xix 3 . ionnsa saor-shlat gan a síol / sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac, a ógh `sad that branch robbed of its seed', xxvi 37 . mar tám is ionnsa lem aithghin `my state is hard for one like me', Studies 1919, 74 § 13 . innsa re n-áes cumtha cóir / . . . / a dal ar lúi mara móir, BNnÉ 97 § 3 . cid innsa oc Mongḟind though it be unpleasant for M., Ériu iv 96 § 20 .

(c) In attrib. use: in leó húathmar a.¤ formidable , BDD² 515 . laech ansa do dingbail a gasciud fon samail, LU 6205 (TBC). tír ṅdúaig . . . co n-ócaib ansib, TBFr. 386 . ruc mac n-annsa die muintir troublesome(?), Corm. Y 878 . dús in [n]dernsaid nach gním n-insa `evil deed', Celtica iv 20.240 . a Comgaill cáid annsa 'o dear holy Comgall' Éigse xiv 20 § 7 .

Compar. ansu, Ml. 85c14 ; 95d13 ; 131b4 (see Suppl.) gl. gravius, cf. 133a4 . ánsu de (andsati v.l.), Trip.² 2593 . iss andsu dúib ind naithir fail ocon dún, TBFr. 414 . ba handsu dó meic Nectain / do chur assa prímlepthaib, TBC-LL¹ 1479 . imraidset . . . nípád ansu C. acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5802 (TBC). andso dóib ma tát i péin / cen adrad Ríg roithes gréin things will be more difficult for them if they fail to . . ., LL 4167 . comtis annso a phiana oldas mar ata, Ériu ii 142 § 152 . gnim rob indsa dún, LB 116b46 .

Superl.: a n-as ansam diib (of difficulties), Wb. 10b1 . cid as andsam (.i. dolgi) lib ropridchastar in clerech, LU 9746 . inn é sin as andsam fil la Ultu hardest to deal with, 4837 . tene bas andsom lat dod loscud `the fire thou most dreadest to burn thee', Mon. Tall. 136.16 (§ 24) . andsum dire treibdire most difficult to assess or give a ruling on, Laws iii 458.12 . secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], v 290.17 . annsom i notrus . . . biatad ┐ tarrsunn `most difficult in nursing', BCrólige 24 . it e . . . ata andsam . . . oc sáigded, Alex. 504 . cid as andsom leat tucais? `what was hardest for thee to bring?', ZCP i 459.10 . ? Attrib. fer croda annsam chain . . ., TBC-I¹ 3169 . mac dorighne écht n-annsom, Cóir Anm.² ii 46 § 162 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: nacham tair olc na hindsa, LB 106b48 . luach é gan ionnsa, BNnÉ 204 § 49 . da indsa dec in domain abuses, Flower Cat. 489.3 . ní eadar gá ionnsa as mhó what greater difficulty(?), Dán Dé xxvi 28 . is cead liomsa a Dhé mo dhul / beag n-ionnsa é do eadar I know it is not difficult to say, xxv 17 . uch cid ro batar dam-sa / na ro ḟegsat ardinsa `great vexations', TFerbe 479 . Superl. used as subst.: dethfir itir in andsum ┐ in ecmacht: in t-annsum .i. is doiligh do neoch an fadbail, Laws v 222.7 Comm.

athbac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athbac or dil.ie/4662

n (1 bacc): rolā in doman bac ar bac / . . . rolā athir[r]uch a.¤ / d'éc meic cach húi do Blathmac `again the world has been cast into confusion', BColm. 20.9 . ` crookedness, confusion ', BNnÉ 307 § 29 . ēco aithbaicc `wie ein Widerhaken des Todes', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 7 .

athchaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchaí or dil.ie/4685

interj (caí) alas !: uch is athchaoi!, O'Rah. 264.1 (1900).

bairgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bairgen or dil.ie/5232
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

(a) bread, loaf: descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . bendachais . . . / . . . na coig bairghena, Blathm. 33. for usciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu xix 62 § 23. fer dénma bairgine gl. pistor, Sg. 184b3 . ised . . . as toisechem do duiniu .i. b.¤ (ref. to frumenti), Ml. 20d2 . tort .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 1200. ainm . . . do losait arindī lethait[h]ir bairgin (b., v.l.) fuirre, Anecd. iv 69.11 (Corm. Y s.v. lethech). b.¤ in(d)ruic nó dí bairgin banḟuini a large loaf or two small loaves, Críth G. 117 (see note). bairgin ferfuine, BCrólige 22 § 27 n. 2 . b.¤ huasal-laithe cona handlonn, Laws i 106.2 .i. b.¤ casc no notlac, no domnaigh, 27 . bargena réile remḟúir, SR 6172. cóic fichit bargen cruithnechta, LU 8125 ( FB 9 ). ní bheantar a hainm don bhairíghin (prov., i.e. bread of the poorest quality is still bread), Mac Aingil 4733 .

Of the Sacramental Bread: fobdidithir (leg. fobáidither, edd.) leth na bairgine isin cail[i]uch , Thes. ii 251.11 (Stowe M.). conbongar in b.¤ , 12 . cip é thóimles bairgin in choimded, PH 5342. san mbairghin gcaoimh gcoisreactha, Aithd. D. 53.14 . A portion of bread (bairgen Coluim Cilli): ochtmad im bairgine coluim cilli, Mon. Tall. 155 § 68 . Peritia xvii/xviii 225 .

(b) In wider sense food, plain diet: b.¤ a nomine bargos [ἐπαρκῶς, ed.] i.e. saturitas , Corm. Y 172. b.¤ gl. holus, Wb. 6b10 . b.¤ gl. garga (leg. quadra ? Stokes), Ir. Gl. 141. in bh.¤ (here refers to a salmon), ZCP xi 43 § 37.

bán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bán or dil.ie/5318
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bainithir

adj o, ā

I

(a) white, fair, bright; pure, holy, blessed; of a page, blank: dichennadh Ioain Babtaist bain `pure', Blathm. 247. tara ngnúissi bána (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 339. in grían b.¤ ban Muman / Íte, Jan. 15. timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 (whence: ban .i. umha, O'Cl.). scíath brec . . . bil b.¤ findruini, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). braen bat[h]is báin, 2998 (H). co lá brátha báin, 348 . an biadh ban `the white food', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.19 (= good food i.e. milk, etc.?). gabus Eba in t-ubull b.¤ fair, Ériu iv 114 § 10. co tarla a dī bond bána fair so that he fell dead with upturned soles, MU² 988 (cf. bánaigid). libair bána leisa ngabar salmthrátha, SG 52.2 . uch a lám, / ar' scribis do memrum b.¤ , ZCP ii 225.1 . na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432. i mbruighnibh bána in white halls, Hackett xl 266 . ? In pejorative sense: a bachlaig bāin, Bruchst. i 27 § 59 (`blutleerer'). tuata b.¤ `a boorish clown', Ó Bruad. ii 14.z . In n. loc. Benn b.¤ in retha, Acall. 5637. In verse freq. as epithet of blíadain: o gein Crist co bliadain ṁbáin (= this year), LL 15430. arim trí ṅdéich ṁbliadan ṁb.¤ , MacCarthy 180 § 6 . Compar. ba baine (bainithir, v.l.) linscoit lenead arna langlanad, TTebe 480 .

In phr., bélre (bérla) b.¤ , see biait.

(b) pale; of a fight etc., bloodless: b.¤ gl. ex[s]anguis, Sg. 67a19 . ni ban re ndol fri croich `unbloody', Blathm. 234. nidat bána mo chrechtasa, LU 7991 (BDD). beóil bána, TBC-LL¹ 4104. i ndáil bain báis, LL 19352. ina ḟanntassib bána, LB 154b59 . ba bana buadirthi na Greic uili ri heicin na hitad sin, TTebe 1776 . senoir etlaidhe b.¤ . . . gan fuil, gan feoil, BNnÉ 77 § 145 . is b.¤ in gleó sa, TBC-LL¹ 4585.

(c) Of land, etc. untilled, waste, unoccupied: rannchuid di bān ga[n] aittreabadh nō inotacht (of a city), Fl. Earls 70.y . tré fhearann b.¤ fásuigh, Jeremiah ii 6.

II As subst.

(a) fair one; blameless one; of a page, blank space: D. deich ṁbliadna don b.¤ , LL 4379. mochean do'n bh.¤ nach can brég (of Molaise), SG 29.18 . an b.¤-sa a ndeiread na duilleoigi, TTebe xv § 2 . féch féin in beg nó in mór in b.¤ so `this blank space' (in a MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 110.z.

(b) untilled land, lea: thógfadh an spád ┐ rómharfadh an b.¤ , Hard. i 272.10 . pn In placename: B. Leathan, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. bánta.

(c) Expld. as truth: `ban' is `binne,' anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. 27 § 34 (perh. arising out of some gloss on bélre b.¤ ). Whence probably: ban .i. fírinne, O'Cl. ban .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 174. Stowe Gl. 238.

? ba b.¤ ar bruid, Metr. Dinds. iv 178.11 (`it was "a white page for a blot"'). ? cíarb éicess Nár cosin neim / dofuc co b.¤ in ben-sin `brought him to pale death', 8 .

Compds. Usu. with meaning white, bright, pale; bloodless ; somet. weakening the implication of the compounded word and contrasted with derg used as intensive prefix (cf. subrufa, mar bhánór. rufa, mar dergór. Subrubea, mar bhanchroch. rubea mar dergchroch. Subrubicunda, mar fhuil uisgeamail no bhanlasair. rubicunda mar fhuil dhegdha(a)tha no dearglasair, 23 K 42 , 162.12 ff.). With nouns: ben chain bánainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314. brettnas bánargait, 5426 . a mbleidedha banóir ┐ banairgid, Acall. 405. reacht bánbathisi `purifying baptism's law', O'Gr. Cat. 100.7. ó bas co banbem a blow which does not draw blood, Cóic Con. 41 § 60. nocha bánbhéim acht cneadh chinn no light misfortune, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.175 . ? ní bán-bhreath (sic leg.) a lenient judgment (?), Leb. Cert. 104.8 . (= ní hainbreath, Leb. Cert.² 745 ). Bóand bánbronnat `white bellied', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.16 . ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léne beca nó nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 . airitiu ind nóib Ióib / iar ṁbúaid ┐ bánchath (: márrath), Fél. June 8 (.i. nirbo dergmartra rofucc). ? bancloth briugad for tuatha do erdidbud, Laws i 232.2 . ní seagur comtús tar condeilg mbreitheman banclotha tuath .i. ni coir do dul co breithemh eile sech in fírbreithemh bís isin tuaith of fair renown, O'D. 764 (H. 3.17, 549). Banchomrag Ferghusa, TBC-LL¹ p. 418 n.2 . ban(n)esorgain nat faccaib cnoc `white (bloodless) mayhem', Bretha 24 (glossed .i. banbeim, see p. 59). Bandha na mbánḟoithreadh `fair forests', TD 16.1 . Bángleo Rochada (the name of one incident of the Táin), TBC-LL¹ 4555. an béal arna bhán-ghormadh `growing wan, pale-blue' (Gloss.), TSh. 1093. bánlann óir fria hedan, Acall. 3895 v.l. (niamlann d'ór buidhe . . ., text). coic bliadna os cach banleittir, Rawl. 164b28 . . . . an bánmaidhm sin cen go ro fuiligheadh nó go ro fordhearccadh for neach etorra, AFM v 1362.6 . báanmartre ┐ glasmartre ┐ dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.30 cf. BCC 432.37 (§ 391) . issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, 247.1 (Cambr.). cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi, Laws iv 96.23 . bánsuile mora a n-iarthar cind in bathlaig, Acall. 1871 v.l. co ṁbántlacht `with white raiment', Fél. Ep. 331 (cot banlucht, v.l.). cloch is cosmail re banumha `electrum', Celtica ii 84.474 .

With adjj.: doghabh a sciath . . . mbancorcra, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . inneoch narbtar banglasa dib robtar dubglasa (of the sacrificial entrails), CCath. 966. do indrechtānu bó bánméthi, MacCongl. 89.27 . borbdam banodhur, IT iii 87 § 99.

With adjj. derived from nouns: i gcrích mhín bhánacraigh Bhreagh, DDána 118.3 . cléirech bánaightheach brightfaced, SG 30.y . o Boind bind banbruthaig, LL 1027.

With vb.: saoirfhear . . . / dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míon Mhumhan was whitened, ripened, Aithd. D. 4.7 .

brécach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécach or dil.ie/6612

Forms: brégach

adj o, ā (bréc) lying, deceitful, counterfeit, false: fáith brégach gl. pseudo, Ir. Gl. 958. co marbann in bél brégach in animm (= os . . . quod mentitur Lib. Sap. i 11 ), PH 7634. gúbreith brégach, Triads 244 n . flaith b.¤ , 96 . co ndernsat comairli ṁbrēcaig `a deceptive plan' ( ZCP iii 6 § 19 ), Fing. R. 398. cúisi bréagacha `false reasons', TFrag. 118.10 . uch, a ionnmais bhréccaidh bháin (Judas to the silver received for the betrayal), BNnÉ 102.5 . sgáthán bréagach `lying mirror', Aithd. D. 79.7 .

clíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíab or dil.ie/9470
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m.

(a) basket : cliab gl. qualus, Sg. 49b13 . cliab gl. curuis (leg. corbis), 67a3 . glíab (`for an cliab', edd.) gl. cassillum, PCr. 23a1 . da cliabh deac do forcroidh, Blathm. 34 . do mes iaromh iarna bhuain / di chlubaib ba cet, 104 § 46 (chliabaib, ed.). denam cleib, Laws v 474.4 . méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn, LU 6952 (BDD). r[uc] Fergus in cliab ngúalaich the fuel basket, Rawl. 139b25 . da dam déc . . . curtar cléib gela forthib ┐ ócláig imda isna clíabaib sin, RC xiii 68 § 72 (`paniers', SG ii 412.22 ). ba harbor i clīab tóll, MacCongl. 73.18 . do léigeadh síos mé a gclíabh, 2 Cor. xi 33 . in ro fáccbhadh . . . do chliabhaibh lóin, AFM vi 1986.17 . Fig. maille ré ceasaibh ┐ ré cliabhaibh crábhaidh, TSh. 4105 .

Of various objects with a framework of basket-work.

(b) skep, bee-hive : i ngait na cesach bech .i. diabladh in cleib, Laws i 170.19 Comm. cliabh bech, TFrag. 236.2 . fichi cliab i mbítis beich, Leb. Cert.² 1900 .

(c) cradle : cliab noiden gl. cunabulum, Sg. 53a13 . eitiud cleib .i. in t-etach dlegur aice isin cliaban, Laws i 168.2 , 172.33 Comm. dillat cleib dó `a cradle coverlet', ii 176.16 Comm. rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i nóenchliab ┐ for áenchích, LU 1665 (ICM). dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche . . . dia mbeid aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Attrib. g s. ferann in mic bic .i. mac cleibh, O'Curry 1127 ( H 3.18, 451b ).

(d) coracle, currach : fer a c.¤ aen[ṡ]luaisti [.i.] duine seo curther a c.¤ áen[ṡ]luaiste amach for muir ina cintaib a one-paddle coracle, H 3.18, 227ay . i n-imrim do eich, do noe, do cleib, do cairr, do charpait, Laws i 166.21 (`basket'). Druim Cliab . . . is and dorónta cleib curaig Caurnain Chasduib, LL 22002 . loscad in chléib ┐ na seched (punishment for fishing on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 29 . In phr. c.¤ clis magic coracle(?), (`a hurdle for performing athletic feats on', Plummer MS. notes): is amhlaidh théid Sgáthach d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe, RC xxix 132 § 47 (`a feat-basket', Gloss.). do bhí Sgathach an tan-sin ┐ í iona clíabh clis, 134 § 48 . luid . . . C. co hairmb i mboi Scatoig. Dobir a di coiss for da mbordaib in clep cliss, ZCP iii 252.2 .

(e) Of the framework of the ribs, breast, bosom: uch mo chliab a nóibingen, Thes. ii xxii 9 (scribal note). roclos bloscbéimnech a chride re ch.¤ , LU 6462 (TBC). mo chridi im chliab, Corm. Y p. 107 n.2 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, LL 22763 . dar compur a chléib ┐ dar farṡiung a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1022 . do'n ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . gur bruidh cliabh ┐ craidhi in cursuin . . . trina cēile (of a horse), ZCP vi 80.34 . artus .i. compur in chleib gl. pernas, Gild. Lor. 71 . mar eala threabhus cliabh na dtonn surface of the waves, O'Gr. Cat. 585.5 . Attrib. g s dear, beloved : a fhir chléibh `my worthy friend', Ó Bruad. i 206 xix . mo dhíograis cléibh, Párl. na mB. 2283 . Fig. i gcliabh chomhghonta an choguais, TSh. 441 .

Compds. With noun. dāil de for chlīabchless (nó cliabach .i. cliab fota mór occai) Clóitige (an epithet), ZCP xii 237 § 58 (Baile in Scáil), cf. cusin clíabglas ón Claítig 'until the Grey-chested one from Claítech', PBerchán § 95 . See also the phr. clíab clis above. cleth-cumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile framework of the ribs , MR 256.21 . clíabinar sróil sirecda ré chnes inner tunic , LU 6557 (TBC). in cliabgae glaici, TBC St. 3260 . ní robai cen clíabgalar niro loing cen airchissecht, LU 6079 (TBC). leiges in chlīab-galair ` chest-disease ', MacCongl. 98.17 .

With adj. a carcair cliabhchumhuing cenngairb . . . itfrinn ` narrow-chested ', RC xxviii 318 § 36 . a ccoin fheargacha chraos-fhairsing chliabh-dhomhuin ucht-leathann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 20 . ┐ é corpremhur clíabhfairsing, RC xxix 128 § 35 . daltān clīabglan caem, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . fir corpremhra cliabhlethna, Stair Erc. 573 . in Dond Cualngi . . . calma comnart cliabremur, IT iii 246.79 . fer ardmor cliabremar, BB 427b24 .

? clungat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? clungat or dil.ie/9691

n uch. ab eo quod est ucha .i. c.¤ , LL 23336 = aucha .i. aurgat feda, Corm. Y 1271 (see airgat). `For `glún-gat', with dissimilation of initial g', Contribb. xxvii n.

cnet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnet or dil.ie/9756

Forms: cned

n ā, f. cned, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . groan, sigh : inna cneta gl. gemitús, Ml. 50b2 . adsluindiu a cneta `I appeal by their groans', Fél. Ep. 325 . cluinte mo chneit trúaigse, 314 . ícthair c.¤ cech cridi, Prolegomena 228 . c.¤ ┐ grechach, LU 2435 . fuil limm adbur na cneite I have cause to groan, TE 9 (Eg.). eistecht fri cnedai ┐ osnadu, Alex. 40 . c.¤ do chulg (of groan of patient), Corp. Gen. 405.5 . uch! nocha nēirgim cen cneid, ZCP vi 263.28 . a chned churad (sic leg.), TTebe 2931 . nī dhēnann sé cnead ná uch , O'R. Poems 1882 . maille re fail ┐ cneid ┐ re golaibh gera, Smaointe B. Chr. 4637 . cnead cléibh, Oss. vi 204.4 . Legal: ní fo-roxla taide no c.¤ (cneid, v.l.) no fogurred no forcomul n-ecne under protest, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . iacht .i. eighem; c.¤ .i. fri dis; cuirrine .i. fri sochaidhe, O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18, 237a ). iacht .i. a tenngairm; c.¤ .i. a tennécaíne; cuiríne .i. a tennagallaim, 424 ( H 3.18, 321b ). ? Cf. fora fertar fola cneit, Bretha 20 where Ed. n. suggests foló cneit `who endures the groaning'.

Compds. With nouns: cnead-osnadhach comeigin Congail, MR 260.9 . cen chnetecla for conair, LL 17565 = chnaiteclae, Rawl. 76b36 .

? comcháimthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comcháimthe or dil.ie/10856

n (cf. comcháemthach) association, union : . . . easpaig dheiridh an domhain,/ . . . beidid aca mná bláithe, / uch! mo phláigh an ch.¤ , ZCP xii 392.13 = bettitt aca mna taide / ach do phlaigh in chomchainthe, Fen. 100.12 .

dainim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dainim or dil.ie/14242

Forms: ainim, doiniṁ, doiniṁeach, doinṁeach, doin- ṁighe iā, doinṁim

n f. A fault, blemish . ingar .i. dainim nó goirt nó tiachair, O'Dav. 1102 . cia coata cendánim duib (leg. cen danim): árim ṅguir ganim cechtraig, SR 7887 . bid danim (ainim YBL) duit do munter do marbad, ZCP iii 5. 20 . bid danim mór mo díth do Chatháir crích, RC xxv 22 . bá dainiṁ a dhaithe roimt[h]ig, AFM v 1706. 8 . dainimh dár macaibh 's dár mnáib marbhadh Maghnasa, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 166. 3 . dainim duib a tharngaire, Fen. 86. 19 . uch roḟágaib sa charraig Goll...ger dhainim, ITS vii 58 , 30 . gan d.¤ , ib. xi 164 . Cf. dainme, Fianaig. 42. 1 : becc a dainme essbaid neoin. díth is dainme, LL 393 a 20 .—Here also Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.13 .—MOD. doiniṁ a blemish, mould, spot O'Neill Lane Hence doiniṁeach, doinṁeach blemished , doin- ṁighe iā, f., doinṁim I blemish, stain , O'Neill LaneCf. ainim.

dall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dall or dil.ie/14393
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáll, dald, dall, dull, dall, daill, dalla, daill, dalla, dullu, dulla, dallu, dalla, dailliu, daille, dall, daille

adj o-ā, often dáll, sometimes dald ; dall (: and) LL 52 a 4 f.b . d s. m. dull, dall (dáll), f. daill. n p. m. dalla (adj.), daill (subst.). a p. dalla (adj.) ; dullu, dulla, dallu ( LB 212 a 31 ), dalla (subst.)—COMP. dailliu, mod. daille. For etymology and Gaul. cognates, see Holder 1216 , Stud. Hib. xix 42 .

I (Totally) blind. dall .i. tall a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . dall a talpa no disell .i. cen tsuile quia est sell .i. suil, Corm. Tr. 58 . haec talpa luch dall, Ir. Gl. 249 . mac dall, IT i 39. 14 , 21 . gur bhen a rusca dé gur roibhe dall, Cóir Anm. 29 . ┐ dall clairínech éisidhe, MacCarthy 408. 8 . innistear go raibe Isáac tré arsaidhacht dall, TSh. 258. 1 . ar mbeith dall dho, ib. 22. 31 ; 255. 12 . ní feas di í féin do bheith dall, ib. 258. 8 . amlaid rogénair side ó máthair ┐ sé dall, PH 2288 (cf. 811 ). guidis...coro ṡlánaiged a mac dall bodar amlabar, ib. 1319 . voc. a hídail daill amlabair cen guth cen lámu cen cossa, ib. 1367 (cf. 1294 ). pl. uair nachdat dee...acht hídail dalla amlabra, ib. 1141 .—cless dond cless dall cless néoin FB 24 (l. 24) ; cf. dall-chless. METAPH. dalla dagairle blind to good advice Tec. Corm. 16 (l. 68) . fégad cechaen uaib nárob dall ┐ narob baccach hé iar mbésaib, PH 4666. 4671 . osa dáll a chride berid diabul leis ina eolas fén he, ib. 7755 . is dall gan radharc me soillsig meólas, Midnight court 812 . Ignorant : dobhí sé dall aineolach i dteangaidh na tíre, Keat. i 42.60 . Unprofitable : gart dall, KMMisc. 174. 18 .

II Dark, gloomy : abardall .i. abditum et dall, O'Mulc. 7 (cf. abra .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 ). uch in adaig dorcha dall, Add. 30. 512 , 34 b ( ACL iii 233. 7 ). ifernn...dubh dall, Lib. Flav. ii 51 a 2 . 17 . fot aidche daille dube, LL 193 b 57 . i nEgept daill, SR (Greene) 3951 . daire dall, SR 6355 . ise sin gan diamair daill : domarbh Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill, SG 72. 25 . croithis dóib dairbre ndall, IT i 108. 4 . Cf. dallcheó a thick mist: ní ro ráthaighsiot ní lá dallciach na maidne muiche, AFM vi 1936.24 . ar snaidm a cor | in dallciach do chrích Mumon, Ériu iv 226.10 . buailis an curach dá ḟleisg dhraoidheachta gur ḟág fa dhallchiach é, Each. Iol. 43.16 . METAPH. obscure, difficult to read ; dull (in sound). bíodh a ḟios ag gach aon...gurab í cíall ḟíre na taoibhe daille so don taoibh amuigh don leabhar, ALC i 6 n. deilm dub dall, LL 143 b 28 . is dall erund mani écestar dún doléir, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . is d.¤ erunn a ḟis, 124 § 65 . ib. 122 § 62 . unjustified, false (of a charge) : dall adbur noferai formsa it is a false charge you bring against me RC xiv 243. 15 . Cf. dalltaidbsiu do dóinib, LL 123 a 11 .

III o, m. and ā, f. ( Laws i 124. 22 ). A blind person. hic cecus .a. um. dall, Ir. Gl. 623 . hic cecus dall, ib. 427 . im dingbail mic...di claim di chaich di daill di anbobracht, Laws i 124. 22 ; ib. 140. 5 f.b. buidir ┐ daill durscartad co fis a ndaille ┐ a mbuidre, ib. v 156, n. 5 . dligid dalla dídin ZCP vi 261. 11 f.b. luid dald arachenn Patraic, Trip. 132. 3 . conid don dúll dorala techt sis, IT i 39. 18 . deccra daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 372. 95 ( LL 158 a 48 ). bennachais in dall clarenech co mba slána a da ṡúil, Lat. Lives 86. 3 . nírab dall ic tuus daill, ACL iii 318. 12 (cf. LB 261 a 65 ). dall a cinn daill, Lib. Flav. ii 16 a 1 . 5 f.b. nóṡlánaigedh dulla ┐ claṁa ┐ bacacha, RC xxvii 302 § 76 . an dall, gnioṁa an daill, Eg. 142 p. 170 . isé dorat a rusca don dull, PH 2287 . doralatar dóib dá dhall ar or na sliged, ib. 4409 . atconnarcsa daill ┐ baccaig...do ṡlánugud dó, ib. 2182 . daill buidir ┐ baccaig, ib. 2491 ; cf. 4399 . 4414 . 4592 . roíccais clamu ┐ dallu, ib. 1357 . roairchis Ísu dona dallaib, ib. 4416 ; cf. 2270 . 2296 . 2591 . 4413 . 4532 . 4649 . hícc clam ┐ dall, ib. 1734 . comus ṡIánaigti dall, ib. 2088 . siubhalfaidh aṁail dallaibh, TSh. 255. 14 . amal dallu nád faicet ní, LB 212 a 31 . dáll, ib. 33 .—am dáll ruccad mesi I was born blind PH 2785 , cf. duine dorugadh na dhall, Donlevy 438. 17 . mar doleighis Críost an dall, TSh. 6. 26 .

LOC. Áth Ferta in Daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 308. 63 . rotadhaill...do thigh an filidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill AFM iii 178. 16 .

IV Darkness, obscurity : ni fuille forru dall ná doirche, Laws ii 272. 13 . amail dobur ndubchiach nó amail dall fedha (sic leg.) i foghamhar, CCath. 5666 . doradtsat na naeiṁ...dall ciach ettorra ┐ in slogh, RC xxvii 298. 18 . la dall ciach na camháire, Hugh Roe 62 . amal phupall bís im dall, LL 52 a 51 . Cf. mod. dubh ┐ dall na hoidhche, Dinneen .

MOD. dall, adj. and subst.: tá sé nár bhfágaint dall he is leaving us as wise as we were Seanch. 35 . ba dhall ésin ara ngaedhlainn that man was ignorant of Irish. Compar. daille (pronounced duille).

1 degaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 degaid or dil.ie/15058

Forms: degid, degaid, digaid, dĭgaid, degaid, digaid, degaid, deguid, dedaid, dedaig, degaig, degaich, dega, deagha, dheagh, ndagaid, negaid

adj i, a s. in i ndegaid n-, nom. prep. with gen. Old vn. of †do-saig (cf. con-dïeig) seeks, searches , and regularly developed from †dí-ṡagid > deägid > degaid. Never †dechaid (cf. fochaid). — degid only Acr. 10 c 3 . degaid, Wb. 30 b 14 . Sg. 5 a 2 . 7 a 4 . 7 b 1 , 6 . 26 b 7 . 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . Thes. ii 357. 14 . The form digaid only in Mil (where degaid does not occur): Ml. 71 b 11 . 78 c 14 . 81 c 3 . 111 a 5 . 138 c 18 ; probably dĭgaid (otherwise Thurn. Hdb. 458 ). For the interchange degaid: digaid, cf. dead: 1 díad, which latter form, like digaid, in Oir. only occurs in Mil (and once in Tur). As to the confusion of degaid, digaid with dead, diaid, see dead under Inflexion.

ECLIPSES a following stressed syllable: i ndegaid nÍsu, Tur. 74 . i ndegaid ṅguttae, Sg. 5 a 2 . i nd.¤ ṅDé, 101 b 1 . —Only Oir.

ASPIRATION only Mid.-Ir. (cf. i ndiaid). a nd.¤ Chelestíni BB 10 a 32 . a nd.¤ chlainde Morna, Acall. 2817 . —Cf. SR 6042 . SG 67. 20 . ZCP viii 115. 15 .

MID.-IR. SPELLINGS: degaid, deguid, dedaid ( TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y), dedaig ( TBC-LL¹ 400 Y; FDG 340 ), degaig ( TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y), degaich ( Lec. 353 a 47 ), dega ( Laws iii 40. 2 , 4 ). na deagha sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, 8 a 1. 6 (hardly for dead). i ndagaid , Todd Nenn. 48. 1 (confusion of i nd.¤ with i nagaid). PHONET. a negaid , ZCP viii 115.15 . Cog. 164. 8 .

MOD.-IR. i ndeaghaidh, frequent in poetry and also heard in the spoken language. Cf. Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 and dead II A (d). For deabhaidh, v. ib.

Originally in search of. Of serial and temporal order, synon. with i ndiaid ( i ndigaid, Ml. 78 c 14 = i ndiad, 42 b 5 , 72 b 27 . i nd.¤ .i. i ndiad, Cog. 164. 8 ). Translates Lat. post, Sg. 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 . Refers to Lat. sequens, Sg. 7 b 6 . subsequens, 7 b 1 . successio, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . — The original sense is still apparent in a phrase like the foll.: conadh aṁlaidh sin fuair (sc. in chaillech) bás i nd.¤ Suibhne in the pursuit of S., BS 82. 13 .

(a) loc. after, behind; of serial order after, following after (cf. dead II A (d α)).post deum .i. i nd.¤ ṅDé next to God Sg. 101 b 1 . i noensillaib disi ┐ in gute inna degaid, 7 b 1 . ib. 5 a 2 . 7 b 6 . dogéntais drúid tinchetla na ndegaid arná fétaitis tichtain arís, LL 13 a 34 . darónad cipi oenchatha do gallaib ... ┐ tucad ina negaid (sic) sen é .i. i ndiad na nanmargach, Cog. 164. 8 . ib. 82. 7 . vii mba ina ndeághaidh sin following them ML 4. 14 . robtis do chethramthain scáilte ricfaidis dochum in dúnaid i ndegaid do charpait TBC-LL¹ 1184Y. rasrengad i nd.¤ a ech ┐ a charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1924 (cf. dead II (d η)).—Often opp. to remi: vi sluaig rempi...vi sluaig na degaid, SR 4876 . Críst reum Críst im degaid, Thes. ii 357. 14 . PH 4383 . — after, in succession to (cf. dead II (d β)): maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . rogab in ríge a ndeadhaidh a athar, BB 9 b 46 . ib. 7 a 46 . 9 b 38 . 10 a 32 . TFrag. 16. 18 ; 50. 19 ; 96. 9 . cech ... i nd.¤ alaili (alaile f.) one after another = cech...i ndiad alaili (cf. dead II d β). continua successione .i. cech rí i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . Sg. 7 a 4 . cech lathi i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 111 a 5 , cf. lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 . degaid i ndegaid = diaid i ndiaid: mas dega i ndega, Laws iii 408. 21 .

(b) of temporal order: after, following immediately on. is gnáth lie i naibnib i ndigaid flechud mór, Ml. 81 c 3 . mí rempi ┐ dechmaid ina deghaidh, Laws i 198. 3 f.b. bó ...rogaod a ndeghaidh a daim, TFrag. 36. 3 f.b. foraindi ┐ forár maccaib inár ṅdegaid, PH 2731 .

i nd.¤ sin proinde Ml. 71 b 11 . Cf. i ndiad sin (dead II d γ). ina d.¤ sin thereafter, then , very common in Mir. ina d.¤ sin táinic Conall assin baile amach, Acall. 2711 . ib. 3075 . 3089 . 3234 . 3240 . 3334 . guibhe (i.e. guidh) na dheadhaidh sin cu dlúithdeifirech, Lib. Flav. 23 a 1. 15 . ML 66. 11 . inda degaid sin, 3 B 23, 17 a 11 f.b. na deaghai sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, ii 8 a 1. 6 (or = i ndead). MOD. na dheagha' san, na dheaghaig sin; cf. na dheabhaigh sin ( GJ viii 208 ). ina d.¤ (often referring to a preceding subst.) id., Laws iii 40. 2 . Lec. 353 a 47 . ní dernad remi ná na degaid (sic leg.) mirbail bud mó, PH 32 . BS § 70. 4 . SG 21. 23 .

ina chertdegaid directly afterwards: na ch., MR 200 . 18 . LL 130 a 26 .

(c) after verba movendi, after, to, denoting the aim or object , cf. dead II (d ε). Synon. i ndiaid, occasionally also i ndáil ( i ndegaid catha, Acall. 3440 = i ndáil catha, TTr. 1841 ). dol i nd.¤ like dol i ndiaid: dula dó i nd.¤ in tsluaig SR 3998 . foruirecht...cen dul i nd.¤ Dauid, 6042 . Laws ii 64. 6 . ac dul a nd.¤ catha to go to the battle Acall. 3440 . — ragatsa...inbar nd.¤ , BDD § 12 Eg. tiagait i nd.¤ Diarmada co Teamraig, SG 67. 20 . Snedg. u. Mac R 31. 23 . Laws i 220. 19 . to follow with a hostile intention, pursue. Transl. Lat. insequi: doluid in sindach slán fón caillid ┐ slóg Laigen etir echu ┐ chona inna d.¤ equitibus insequentibus Lat. Lives 85. 15 . Acall. 2817 (= ar slichtlorg, 2777 ). Todd Nenn. 48. 1 .—tic i nd.¤ comes for; also comes in pursuit of. in ned tic ... i nd.¤ a tairb, LL 174 b 11 = CRR 30. 7 . Laws i 104. 15 . doriachtadar...go Róim a nd.¤ Grigair, ZCP viii 115. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y. TFrag. 166. 7 ; 172. 21 .—fugiat post Iesum .i. i nd.¤ nÍsu, Tur. 74 .—lingid i nd.¤ jumps after: lingidsom i ndedaig a nónbair, TBC-LL¹ 400 Y. roling sí...ina dh.¤ , BS § 41 .—foceird i nd.¤ throws after: focheirt...in sleig i ndegaig Firbáith, TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y.—Further in ellipt. sentences: fis i nd.¤ mo vii mac send for my seven sons FDG 340 .

(d) beith i nd.¤ to follow or come after , loc. and tempor. Cf. beith i ndiad, dead II (d ζ). `quoniam &c.' do buith i nd.¤ cech ferso, Ml. 138 c 18 . atá lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 ( TE § 12 ). cid in dirram slóig ... rofail itegaid, LL 174 b 28 . an giolla baoi na dh.¤ , TFrag. 224. 2 . to be born from, descend from: ní ḟuil daṁ at dh.¤ si gan xx ben, BS 78. 2 f.b. to be in charge of (cattle): in comlín bias ina nd.¤ , Laws iv 156. 25 . Also to pursue , RC xvi 407. 5 .

(e) inár ndegaid as a term of reference below, farther on, hereafter = inár ndiad, v. dead II (d δ). mar adéram nár nd.¤ , Laws i 140. 14 . in biad so adérum inár ndedhaigh, ib. ii 234. 12 .

(f) in an idiom. sense after , referring to a departed person. Synon. i ndiaid, v. dead II d θ. Ísu dofuair bás ┐ atát na haspail ac canamain an ciúil so ana degaid, 3 B 22, 67 a 10 . mór ṁban dagéna uch ach i nd.¤ na rouallach, TFerbe 617 . is bethu imaudu [mo bethu] i ndeadaig mo chon, TBC-LL¹ 533 Y. budh henar dhuinn na nd.¤ , Rel. Celt. i 129 . —Cf. also: lelgadar eich Chonchulaind in núr corrice na clocha i ndegaid ind ḟeuir, TBC-LL¹ 249 Y.

3 díchell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 díchell or dil.ie/16086
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: díchill

n o, m. See IGT Verbs § 54 , Decl. § 53 . effort, pains, utmost endeavour . A late word common in mod. Ir. dod chosnamh go ndicheall, ML 100 . mesaim co bfuil do dh.¤ le dénam acat do chóta . . . d'iomchur I think you find it as much as you can do, SG 291.23 . ag denamh díchill gliocais using his utmost ingenuity, Rel. Celt. ii 198.32 . ní thiobhra rí innme as ferr | don tí dá ndingne a dh.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 475 . do-ní an diabhal dícheall ar a thoirmeasg, TSh. 2342 . go ndícheall ┐ go ndeithide, 2250 . dogheibhim dícheall an chinidh seo somholta = gentis istius diligentiam, Keat. i 40 . anba an dícheall so terrible is your zeal, Content. viii 9 . re d.¤ anma 'feruour' Ériu xv Supplement 37 . dorōnus mo dhithill etorguide ar a shon I have done my best to pray for him, Fl. Earls 144 . guidhfetsa for dhīthill, ib. fa n-a dhicheall to the best of his ability, Keat. i 68 . go nuige a ndithchioll to the utmost of their ability, Celt. Rev. x 132 . grian do dhíthil déna dhúin, Studies 1919, 73.4 . g s. as attrib.: uch nách dán díchill mo dhán, DDána 38.16 ; 'sincere poem' Celtica xxv 194 . Of dán dírech: do-níthi leis-[s]ion an laoidh | ... ’san duan díchill uair oile, Duanaire Mhéig Uidhir 218 § 13 .

díthlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthlach or dil.ie/16876

n tearing, scratching (?): in ditlach ningin ┐ in timleo[d], Laws iii 293 n. 2 . dithle (dithlach, -uch, v.ll.) n-ingin ┐ labrad n-ainmech, v 146.8 .

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

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