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clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri, CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

? dilla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dilla or dil.ie/16428

 

ind er .i. fir .i. uerum ut est d.¤ er amiris. d.¤ demin dochae, O'Mulc. 479 .

1 ér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ér or dil.ie/20194

 

Forms: ér, fír

adj noble, great: am sruth úasal hér, Ériu iv 132.28 . ainder ér arnaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 236.27 . as uasal ┐ hér in t-herus `high' Dinds. 117 (cf. is Érerus úasal ( : glédenus), Metr. Dinds. iv 214.72 ). ér uasal dicitur , Fél. Jan. 1 gl . LB. er .i. uasal, Lec. Gl. 2 (probably ref. to: erndail...i. eur uasal, etc., Auraic. 2689 . da eur dul .i. da uasal dul, 2694 ). er .i. úasal, O'Cl. , .i. mór, ib. er .i. mor ut est tenga tar tál n-erderg, O'Dav. 764 ( = prefix air- ?). airchendech .i. ér-chend-ogh .i. uasal cenn comlán, ib. 2 . er .i. fir .i. uerum ut est: dilla er amiris. dilla demin dochae, O'Mulc. 479 . er sir no verum ut dilla er amiris, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 209 < H 3.18, p. 81a (cf. da ernail .i. da fhir-innell, Auraic. 338 ; ér rendered fír may belong to 2 ér-, ǽr- q.v.). Here perhaps: cú othair érEmna, FB 68 . in: is terc againn érchara `noble friends' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.11 , we should probably read énchara scarcely a single friend.

for-congair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-congair or dil.ie/23485

 

Forms: forcongur, forchongrimm, forcongair, farcongair, forchongair, -forgair, farchoṅgrad, forchongramni, forconger, forcongart, forrochongart, forruchongart, forforcongart, fororconggart, -forṅgart, forcongarar, forrorcongrad

v (gairid) O.Ir. forms: pres. 1 s. forcongur, Wb. 19d25 . (rel.) forchongrimm, 9d30 . 3 s. forcongair, Ml. 53a23 . farcongair, Wb. 13a27 . (rel.) forchongair, Sg. 161b5 . -forgair Sg. 161b5 . impf. 3 s. farchoṅgrad, Wb. 32d9 . subj. pres. 1 pl. co forchongramni , Wb. 11b16a (len. irregular). fut. 1 s. forconger, LL 121b9 . pret. and perf. 3 s. forcongart, PH 1115 . forrochongart, Wb. 20c9 . Ml. 145d7 . forruchongart 145d8 (both rel.). forforcongart, SR 1413 . fororconggart, Trip. 66.17 . -forṅgart, SR 3701 . Pass. pres. s. forcongarar Ml. 129b8 . perf. s. (with rel. inf., see GOI § 529 ). forrorcongrad, Sg. 199b1 .

Vn. forṅgaire, later forcongra, q.v., pp., forngarthe q.v.

Later treated as weak vb. with -f- fut. and -s- pret., see exx. below.

Commands, ordains with acc. or subord. clause of thing commanded and DO, FOR of pers. (rarely with pers. as direct obj., cf. cesad fo neuch forrorcongrad, Sg. 199b1 ) : a persainn ríg són forcongarar, Ml. 129b8 . is sain intí forc[h]ongair ┐ inti forsa forcongarar, Sg. 161b4 . lasinni forsa forgair, 161b5 . ní tú ... forta congair `it is not thou that orderest them' (viz. plagae) Ml. 59c11 . farcongairsom ... labrad ilbélre, Wb. 13a27 . is hed in so forchongrimm, 9d30 . comallait ... nanní forcongair Dia doib, Ml. 146a1 . in tan forcongair du doínib comallad a fírinne, 94b3 . amal forndacongair Dia doib ib. With Lat. infin.: forcongair intí Duaid expectare , etc. Ml. 53a23 . co forchongramni manducare , Wb. 11b16a . farchongrad baás do chách (gl. qui habebat mortis imperium) Wb. 32d9 . mina forngartar do ria n-écaib, Laws ii 270.28 ( ZCP xiv 365 ). O'Dav. 949 . amal forcongair athir dia maccaib, Ml. 129b7 . gusna maighnib ina forcongartha ... doib a cur in which they were ordered to put it Leb. Gab.(i) i 116 . ataat ... inneuch forrochongart Dia doib they are ... wherever God had ordered them Ml. 145d7 . forcongairfetsai ... dom ainglib co tisat, PH 1761 . co forṅgart dia mnaib cono tuctais ... in mac, SR 3701 .

With Lat. dat. of pers.: forrochongart ... spiritalibus ... ut ... instruerent , Wb. 20c9 . lasse forcongur fírinni dúib (referring to uerum dicens vobis) = announce ? Wb. 19d25 díaro forcoingair in Comdiu for ainglib ... oslocud in talman LU 1958 ( FA 2 ). forḟorcongair ... forru imtecht ordered them to depart LU 1861 . ro forcongair F. fora ṡlóghaibh gan a ndiubhracadh itir, AFM iii 292 . ro forcongrad o P. for feraib Eirenn ar co tistais, Laws i 14.12 . fororconggart P. fair a ethar do imrom, Trip. 66.17 ( forórcongart, 700 ). fororchongarsat forsan ffianlach ... sochaidhe dhíobh do thuidhecht, Hugh Roe 32.23 (f.9a) .

for na timnaib sin tra forrochongart Dia soíre domnaig do choimét `it is through these commands that God has enjoined Sunday to be kept holy' Ériu ii 200 § 16 .

Cf. forragart mor salm `has prescribed' BColm. 70.7 .

sund

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sund or dil.ie/39303
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sunt, sunn, sonn, sunda, sunde, sunnu, sunna, sunno, suno, sonna, hi-s., isunna, annsunn

In O.Ir. also sunt. Later sunn, sonn ( suinn, Caithr. CC 27.16 ). Also sunda (sund+ ṡa, GOI § 231 ), Wb. 25b9 . LU 1760 . sunde, LU 11012 . sunnu (: crunnu), Metr. Dinds. iii 22.288 . sunna, 168.24 . LU 9216 . sunno, IT i 144.25 . suno, LL 117a20 (= sund, RC viii 62.3 ). sonna (: ndíoghloma), Studies 1919, 438 § 3 .

I Adverb of place (somet. accompanied by other adverbs. Cf. also the possible compd. sundút infra).

(a) here, in this place : sonn .i. annso, O'Cl. sund, Wb. 24a38 . sunt, Ml. 27d22 . 37a10 . fri cech ninfinit fil sunt sís, 42c33 . lethdírech s.¤ , Thes. ii 251.2 (Stowe M.). atá s.¤ as huatiu `here is one who is loneliest', Fél. Ep. 395 . imthusa . . . Con Culaind iss ed adfíastar s.¤ coleic at this point, LU 3514 ( SCC 28 ). codde Cūchulaind ? . . . uinse s.¤ thall yonder (?), TBC-I¹ 1280 (cf. sundút infra). atát sund ucut téora ingena 'over here' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 57 § 29 . atā sunn senchus nāch sūaill, ZCP viii 115 § 1 . cid súnd bess tesergi, Three Hom. 44.21 . oraoid sunn go síol gColla this is . . ., TD 42.1 . éiligh sonna an mbreith ndaortha | rugais orm . . . `now', Content. xvi 30 . d'ḟéachain buadh na saobh-ṡroth sonn | truagh nach aon-loch a ḟearann, xxx 29 .

Of this world as opposed to the next (tall): do shercc dam s.¤ do sercc dam tall, Fél.² clxxxv 24 . s.¤ ís riched rindmas, Fél. Ep. 378 . fo-fera mór n-uilcc s.¤, fo shecht sechtdīabul do-fechar tall, ZCP xi 85 § 38 .

(b) With verbs of motion, here, hither, to this place : conna toraig s.¤ ille that he did not come hither, LU 3578 ( SCC 29 ). gu tuidchidis sunn ille, IT i 144.27 . canas tancatar na techta | s.¤ do chéin, CRR 19 . táet sunna dia saigid sin `thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.77 . dofil oenmarcach s.¤ chucund orse, RC iii 183.26 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn, TD 39.2 . geall techta . . . sunn, Irish Texts ii 32 § 12 . toircidh sunn ar bar naghaidh, Cog. 86.14 .

pron II As demonstrative this (cf. 1 so) with prepositions: ar nditen assunn .i. ab hoc saeculo praesenti, Fél.² cxiv gl . snáidsiunn, Fél. July 18 . in di sunt rogabad in salm fa nac `whether the psalm was sung of that or not', Ml. 24d10 . fír as di sunt arbeir buith `true that it is of that he uses (it)' gl. utitur . . . uerum ad hoc ut . . ., 60b11 . óglóg [n-]ainech cech gráid di shunn of the above (following a list), Críth G. 302 . do s.¤ gl. ad hoc, Wb. 27c32 . is for s.¤ rosuidigthi bechbretha la Feine `it is on this (i.e. what precedes) bee judgments have been based by the F.', Laws iv 202.5 . hi sunt `here', Ml. 37a10 . is sunt, 137b7 . hi sunt, 15a2 . 40a12 . 51d15 . 56b40 . 46a4 . i s.¤ conbongar in bairgen at this point, Thes. ii 251.12 . is é itberar hi s.¤ (following Latin quotation), Trip.² 49 . ind ldín file isund `those who are here', Mon. Tall. 159.30 . hi-s.¤ , PH 4060 . isunna here, ZCP ii 134 § 3 . dentar . . . in recles isunna in this place, Lism. L. 2587 . íar sunn from here on, Críth G. 315 . ho sunt dudechummar a ægipt from here, Ml. 111b4 . hua sunt conrici diad int sailm from here to the end of the psalm, 119a4 . hua sunt innúnn gl. ultra, 100d6 . o s.¤ innonn `from henceforth', Wb. 22d8 . o s.¤ amach, Laws v 128.21 Comm . ria s.¤ previously, PH 5407 . ar cach ōen roairiltneig | ria sunda hitherto (?), ACL iii 319 § 78 . Occasionally also with conjugated form of preposition: ann sin . . . ann sunn there . . . here, Laws iv 258.6 Comm . annsunn `here', Content. ii 28 . In phr. o ṡund (followed by perfect tense) when, as soon as : ho sunt dudechummar a ægipt, Ml. 111 b 4 . o ṡhunn báth Éssu mac Nún, SR 5265 .

? Compd. ¤út: miach argait duit sunnút, LU 9718 = sunn út `here is a sack of silver for thee', ZCP iii 218.6 . ingen bachlaig thruáig sund-ut `yonder', RC xxv 28 § 11 . ata sunnút ingén óc alaind, LL 279b23 ( SG 414.17 ).