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1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

do-bádi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-bádi or dil.ie/17198

Forms: díbdaid, dobádi, dibdaí, dobáidet, dibda, derbade, do-s-rubaid, doroibaid, doríbaig, nderbaid, dibdatar, díbdaither, -robdait[h]er, dobáidfither, dibdabtair, conderbadad, dorróbdad, rodibdad, rodibad, díbdad, rodibdait, rodíbdáit, díbdud

(* dí-báid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ); later as simple vb. díbdaid. Cf. do-rodba, díbaigid, do-díbda.

Indic. pres. 3 s. dobádi, Auraic. 5159 , LL 294a18 , etc. ni dibdaí , Cáin Ad. 39 . Fél. Apr. 9 . pl. dobáidet, PH 8393 . Laws iv 140 . Subj. pres. 3 s. nocor dibda , Laws iv 42.3 . Impf. 2 s. mani derbade , AFM 849 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. do-s-rubaid, BB 354a35 . doroibaid, Rawl. 124b42 . doríbaig, Lec. 578a27 . tresa nderbaid , Imr. Brain i 23.10 . 3 pl. dibdatar, Rawl. 128a8 . Pass. subj. pres. mani díbdaither , Trip.² 450 . -robdait[h]er, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . Fut. s. dobáidfither, RC xxvi 38 . pl. dibdabtair, 44 . Perf. s. conderbadad, Wb. 27a21 . dorróbdad, LU 7859 ( BDD 143 ). rodibdad, LL 270a47 . rodibad, Alex. 379 . níro díbdad , Fing. R. 473 . pl. rodibdait, LU 1622 . rodíbdáit, LL 51a41 .

Vn. díbdud.

I Trans.

(a) drowns, extinguishes: tein[e] nā dibda usce, ZCP xii 296 . mani díbdaither ré matain, ní baithfidther co bráth (of a fire), Trip.² 450 . conderbadad in sanguine, Wb. 27a21 . adainter in bruden co fá thrí ┐ dorróbdad anall co fá thrí, BDD 143 . locharn ind rig doradbad (leg. dorobdad?) .i. locharn . . . cia rodibdad, ACC 139 .

(b) Transf. and fig., quenches, destroys, exterminates: dobadi cach teidm ┐ cach neim, Ériu ii 118 . dobádi [fingal] a greit ┐ a athgabáil, ZCP xi 85 . do-bādet a fochraicce a folta the rent destroys (i.e. exceeds in value) the `objects' (i.e. grazing cattle, Thurn.), ZCP xv 324 § 16 , cf. xvi 220 . dā ní is mou dobáidet fochraicc . . . debtha ┐ cosnama, PH 8393 . dobáidfither cretem, RC xxvi 38 . dibdabtair flathi, 44 . dobádi sís . . . cach ríg acht rig nime, Auraic. 5159 . uaisli rīgaib rī grēne | dorībaig docum n-ūiri . . . dīne tōisig in dūine who has laid low in dust, Lec. 578a27 . bas Conmail . . . talg Tigernmais do-d-raebhaidh | i Cath Ard aenaig Macha, BB 37a19 (cf. Keat. ii p. 120 ). cirrsed bar cuirp cruadcloidme Fir Bolg robdarbaidhesdur `have overcome you (?)', Ériu viii 50 . rodib[d]ad sochaide, Alex. 379 .

II Intrans. is extinguished, dies out, becomes extinct (freq. in genealogies, etc. of families, cf. 2 díbaid): asa fuil nad dibdai whose blood does not perish, Fél. Apr. 9 . ni dibdai cáin Adomnáin the law of A. shall not become extinct, Cáin Ad. 39 . bidh si do cheall-sa cét ceall dibhghus (dibeortar, v.l.) a remthūs ard-cheall nErenn the first church to die out, BNnÉ 325 . dobáidet caithe lia ndibad fadesin `the trespasses are merged', Laws iv 140 Comm. nocor dibda in fine uile till the whole `fine' becomes extinct, 42 Comm. is cutruma ┐ do dibdaidis in fine, iii 56 Comm. dorodibdatar maic Augein uile, LL 311b48 . dibdatar a clanna, Rawl. 128a8 .

dúblaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúblaigid or dil.ie/19030
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dublaidhthi

v = dúblaid doubles : do dhúbluigh tearcadh eatha is éisc an fhoinn doubled the scarcity of corn and fish, Ó Bruad. ii 200 . Part.: in fhaisidi do beith aenda .i. can a beith dublaidhthi , Lib. Flav. i 21vb7 . ceangail an chneadh . . . ┐ cuirtear adhartain dublaithe uiri , 3 C 19, 45rb2 . adhartan dubluighthi, 47ra16 . breidin dubluighthi folded double, 100va8 . Vn. dúblugad. Of naming a place after a person: ag dúblughadh an deagh-anma sin uirre, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 100.20 . See dúblaide.

fuilech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuilech or dil.ie/24795

Forms: fuileach, Fulach

adj o-ā (fuil)

(a) bloody, blood-stained: buiden f.¤ ḟordergg imme, sessium féin crechtach f.¤ eturra, TBC-LL¹ 5414 = b. forderg co fuilib ... osse fuileach crechtach cadesin TBC-I¹ 3334 .

(b) blood-shedding, sanguinary (usual sense) ; freq. of persons, when the implied meaning is freq. valiant in battle (cf. cródae) ; often a complimentary epithet (perh. in some cases = of noble stock ?) : Goll in f.¤ fóeburderg, Fianaig. 60.22 . fiana ferrdha fuilecha, CCath. 5363 . nip f.¤ nip cuilech a lám, ZCP xi 84 § 36 . don druing ḟuiligh iolḟaobhruigh, Aithd. D. 3. 17 . an dream bhíos fuileach (nó doghní dortadh fola) = uiri sanguinum ( Psalms liv 24 ) TSh. 5318 . fuileach (synonym of borb), Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 99 ). Of combats, etc.: comrac f.¤ , ZCP vi 29. 34 . cath fulech, Cog. 110. 11 . ba f.¤ forderg do Throiannaib in coméirge, LL 226a9 ( TTr. 647 ). ni f.¤ duin an gaisciodh sa (= we have not yet drawn blood) ZCP x 287.10 . rolaiset frais fuiligh ... do ṡleghaibh, CCath. 1278 . rogabsat flathius f.¤ a bloody sovereignty Todd Todd Nenn. 226 (= LL 133b28 ).

(c) of sanguine constitution or temperament (rare) : fiadhaighe fuileach forbfaoileach, AFM v 1726.7 . ? nech genes i nAine ... bid f.¤, bid somainech do molad a daenib, H 3.17, c. 850z ( ZCP x 226 ).

(d) In follg. perh. = of noble stock (see fuil (c) : inmain óclach f.¤ fíal, Acall. 1115 . na mac mór fialgharg f.¤ , 1996 .

As npr. m., Dinds. 25 ; but Fulach (ib.) and BB 364b39 ; 45 and Metr. Dinds. iii 88 ; 90 seems the original form of this name.

Gailioin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Gailioin or dil.ie/25150

pn (Gaileoin, Gailiain), pl. o-stem. The name of a pre-Goidelic tribe of N. Leinster . The g s. occurs: gell Galeoin `a Galeon's pledge,' O'Dav. 1027. ? .x. seoit suim ina gabail gaileoin, ib. 1436 . cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích, LL 380b45 . For theory of their origin, see Pokorny, ZCP xi 174 - 179 . For extent of their territory, see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population Groups, § 96 . See also Hog. Onom. ; O'Rahilly, EIHM 92f . Laigin ... tri anmann doib .i. [Fir] Domnann, Gaileoin, Laighin, ┐ Gaileoin roalsat Labraid ... hi tirib Gall, Dinds. 9 ( RC xv 299 ). it Galeoin ... robatar ac cobraid A ... for tāin Bū Cūailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . Galeoin immorro aicme do Gallaib, ib. uiri armorum .i. Fir Gaileoin, Todd Nenn. 44 . batur tri primcinela i nEri, Feini ocus Ulaidh ocus Gaileoin, Laws i 70.3 Comm. atraacht in Galéoin ┐ in Mumnig, TBC-LL¹ 4577 . do láthaib gaile Galian (: gíall), 519 . in trícha sin fer Galian (: grian), 527 . tricha cét Galión, TBC-I¹ 164 . manip íat in Galían Lagen, CRR § 11 ; § 23 . tromlach cuicid Galían, RC xiii 50.3 . dona Galianaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 883 n. 1 . do Gailianaib Labradha Loingsig, RC xv 306 ( Dinds. 15 ). docechnatar ... for Galeonu, RC xv 300 ( Dinds. 9 ). For evidence of length of the first syllable, see Pokorny, ZCP xv 196 ; O'Rahilly, EIHM 459.

néit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. néit or dil.ie/33059

Forms: néit, Néit

n [m.]

(a) combat, battle, fighting: culu tria néit `(like) a chariot through battle', ACC 2 ( RC xx 148 ) = tría neit (.i. cath), LU 430. iar do néit (.i. iar do guin), LU 435 (ACC Comm.). néit ba hainm don kath, Corm. p. 13 s.v. cul. Be net (.i. badb) .i. be ben ┐ net cath . . . inde dicitur: bé nét fort, Corm. Y 168. néid ainm catha, Metr. Gl. Ff. 21 (neit v.l.). néid .i. cath; néid .i. guin, O'Cl. (? g s.) as attrib.: la mac fir néit (.i. guin) fadb corcra with the son of a fighting man are crimson spoils (?), LU 455. ciasu file, file neit? `a contentious poet', RC xxvi 14.14 . anroth ro ort namhaid neit (.i. cath), LL 393b2 = BB 134b1 , cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 , where Meyer emends: nāmat nēit the host of enemies, but the reading of the MSS. may mean battle-foe. goth néit (some kind of spear), TBC-I¹ 1915. ar cach roth nét (of a war-engine mounted on wheels), TBC-LL¹ 5604 St. (néd, neid v.l.). teora rotha net, 5660 . ? foll ner neít, IT iii 49 § 88 (see net).

(b) as npr. m. name of an ancient Irish war-god (perh. the orig. meaning): Neid .i. dia catha la geinti Goideal, Corm. Y 965 = Neith, Corm. p. 31. Net [Ned v.l.] .i. dia catha, O'Dav. 1289. Bé Neit .i. Neit nomen uiri . Be Nét mulier eius , O'Mulc. 132 , cf. Corm. Y 181 (Neid) and see Nemain. Neit mac Induí 's a dí mnaí Badb ┐ Némaind, LL 11b18 = Neid mac Iondaoi, Leb. Gab.(i) i 184.17 . in Bé Néit, MR 242.1 . Néit was the name of Balor's grandfather: Balar mac Doid meic Neít, LL 137a26 . Balar ua Néit, RC xii 58.9 ; 100.2 . hua Neitt, 74 § 50. B. mac D. meic Neid, 96 § 128.

Hence transf. a warrior? Aed net nat imcaibh oghru a soldier who shuns not battles (?), AFM i 408.3 (poem).

úire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úire or dil.ie/43041

n f. (2 úr) freshness, newness : P. O'C.

(a) newness ; youth, somet. beauty : tairg nighe m'uilc is a úire | a shlighe phuirt dúine Dé `strive to cleanse my sin while fresh,' PBocht 9.24 . In the phr. : cuirid i n-úire recalls (?) : [bual]adh a bhuille báire | don chruinne is sluaghadh sídhe | ag cora ar gcean i n-úire | núidhe bhfola an cneadh chíghe, PBocht 3.4 . áitt ón irrabe úiri fer ṅHerenn, LL 290b37 (`the rawest' Stokes, RC xiii 455 ; `the pick' SG ii 355 ). uathadh bean i mbia t'úire `few the women of thy beauty,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 226 § 26 ( DDána p. 333 ). malairt do dligheadh dínne | úire ar chríne 's ar chaise `fresh vigour,' A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3 .

(b) generosity : fer go n-úire neinigh do cliaraibh `a man of lavish hospitality towards the literati,' AFM iv 728.2 . a oigri mic Duinn Shleibi | dana du feili is úire `inheritor of generosity and noblesse," L. Chl. S. § 5 .

Cf. táinig a húire le fear bhfial | bean rúine an ríogh, PBocht 2.11 .

3 uis ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 uis ? or dil.ie/43062

ind Eochaid D. as é ro mesemhnaighistar a deich mesrachaib ... .i. deichmesraib uisce ┐ meser uis uiri ..., O'Curry 370 (< H 3.18 p. 207a ). This is a commentary on Ériu xiii 15.25 - 26 .