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cennbécc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennbécc or dil.ie/8650

n (cenn + bécc) spigot, vent-peg of a vat (see Loth, ZCP iv 104 ): ro benad a ceindbéca da ṅdabchaib, Acall. 3790 . 4608 . a g-cinnbecca, SG 238.29 . ? bai didiu cenn-béc 'ma ceann co lar-medon longp[h]uirt A. `le sommet resta couvert d'un capuchon', Éigse vii 104 § 13 , see 105 n.

1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o, n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. preceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb. 13 c 26 . Sg. 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Ml. 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg. 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Ml. 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg. 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb. 13 c 26 . PCr. 62 a 3 . Sg. 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb. 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Ml. 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb. 7 d 10 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb. 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Ml. 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg. 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb. 13 b 26 . Ml. 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg. 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Ml. 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna, LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch ( duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib, LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir, LL 170 a 29 . dechair, SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair, LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair, BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair, LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deochair, LL 10 b 40 . deoch-, LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair, LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib, SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de-chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. 1 de, di (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud, CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Ml. 24 d 25 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb. 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Ml. 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg. 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg. 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, eterderscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la, LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb. 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg. 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Ml. 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb. 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb. 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Ml. 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Ml. 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg. 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .— cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm, LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg. 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, PCr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb. 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg. 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg. 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Ml. 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena, LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Ml. 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt , Wb. 13 b 26 . differentiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg. 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc, SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg. 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .— deochair eter maith is olc, SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb. 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Ml. 69 a 19 . cen dechair, LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Ml. 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain, LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb. 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand, LL 10 b 40 ( deabhas d. a ndeadh rand, BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil, SG 90. 15 . Fél. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib, BB 204 b 18 , Todd Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.

mall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mall or dil.ie/31479
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maull, maill, maill

adj o, ā. d s m. maull, Sg. 183b3 . d s f. maill, ib. n p m. (as noun) maill, Ml. 20a26 .

(a) slow (in movement or action), generally implying slugishness or inertness . m.¤ nó doe, gl. tardus, Sg. 66a7 (cf. Ml. 20a26 ). m.¤ nó baéth, gl. hebes, 66a5 . gl. morantem, 64a5 . cumscugud m.¤ , Wb. 25d26 . dosnicfa cobir cid m.¤ , 5c5 . m.¤ .i. mollis .i. maoth amail nā beth cnāim and, Corm. Y 906. manip m.¤ beti occae if they do not loiter over it, Mon. Tall. § 53. ba m.¤ lais dogein in ben in folcadh he thought the woman was slow in preparing the bath, Laws i 72.34 . rethid is ní ro-máll, TBC-LL¹ 3361. inghen . . . fá m.¤ troigh, Irish Texts ii 70 § 14. m.¤ a ccomhrádh slow of speech, Exodus iv 10. seal go luath ┐ seal go m.¤ , TSh. 1656. a theacht 'sa neart, m.¤ do thriall he was slow in attempting it (?), Content. vi 230. mall-bha chíochlána slow-moving kine with full udders, Studies 1929, 594 § 11 . Compar. mailliu, Thes. ii 14.35 ( BCr. 25c1 ). nirbo mailli dolotar olmbatar in charpait, TBC-I¹ 3537. is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib . . . conid maillite thinaid that they may waste away more slowly, PH 7023. nír moillitte a rúaig none the slower was his rush, BNnÉ 139.42 . ? Superl. mol ┐ hond, ar issed déide as maillem i mmuilend, Corm. p. 29 s.v. muilend (= is muilend i mmuilend, Corm. Y 874 ). (cryptic) mainiciall .i. mall, Goid. 78 § 225 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 613 .

Freq. in composition with vn. etc., expressing motion or action: ic mall-ascnam in mara, CCath. 2871. ag maillcheimniuccadh, AFM v 1760.21 . a Diarmait, a mallchobair slow in help, ZCP iii 204.4 . atbath Fintan . . . do m.¤-chrine slow decay, MacCarthy 144. long m.¤-rāmach slow-rowing , IT iii 89 § 115 = Bruchst. i § 80 . an maillthriall doghníodh slow pace, TSh. 7626.

In sense late, tardy: in mall-aithrige, LU 2410 ; PH 8203 (= sera poenitentia). mo i nnemdhdhenum ł inna malldenumh 'a greater [fine] for non-manufacture than for its late manufacture', Mar. Dis. 28 § 4 . cóilis mhall late cabbage, Corp. Astron. 54.22 . co m.¤ co moch late or early, SG 245.53 .

(b) freq. as epithet of sea, slow-moving, sluggish (? but cf. (c) below). meirge mara maill, SR 4003. immar thuile mara maill, Metr. Dinds. iii 176. anfad in mara moill, ZCP x 345 § 9. Cog. 10.1 . Of rivers, etc.: gér mh.¤ an tSiúir, Keat. Poems 1517. i gcrích Ulad na n-es mall `placid (i.e. not swollen unduly)', O'Gr. Cat. 384.11. So in compd.: 'sa Midhe mallaibhnidh `of the gentle rivers', Ériu v 54.22 .

(c) of places, perh. in sense massive, broad, vast , Meyer, Bruchst. i § 20 n. Mide m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 52. for Midi m.¤ , LL 185a22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 32 ). co Maistin maill, IT iii 9 § 10 = Bruchst. i § 20 . in m.¤-mag, Cog. 122.23 .

Cf. further: adlaic damsa ech m.¤ moṅgach, LL 45b20 = MS. Mat. 489 , RC xxxvi 263 § 21 (where `ech' denotes figuratively a stretch of territory). nasc m.¤ mná nāre Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 (where `nasc' seems used of a stretch of coast or reef of rocks). dar muir ┐ dar mallcladh, Anecd. ii 41 § 17. adrochair Aillen . . . tairnic a mhaill-néill heavy clouds, i.e. stupor (?), Acall. 1749. tugadh a mallthréda muc, TBC St. 67 . m.¤-tréad muc `a large herd of swine', Atlantis iv 170 . maill-tréada muc ┐ caorach, Each. Iol. 7 . fá mhallbhruachaibh na motharmhala (of eyebrows), Todd Lect. iv 96 § 38.

(d) common epithet of the eye, always complimentary (cf. Dante, Purg. vi 63 ), slow-moving, steady, gentle? rinn roisc a minchinn is m.¤ , ACL iii 308.5 . mall-rosc mór meicc ríg Hérenn, Ériu iv 96.2 . as a derc ra-mhoill ra-glais, 112 § 7 . súl-mall ` soft-eyed ', 116 § 19 . ríoghan an ruisg mhoill, A. Ó Dálaigh i 4. matal ríogh mallṡúilech Múaidhe, KMMisc. 170.14 . maighdean mór mílla mallrosgach, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 235 § 68.1 . In dwanda-compd. with other adj.: a ruisc mhaillréid, SG 265.6 .

(e) used of women or young persons, in complimentary sense, implying dignity, gentleness or modesty of demeanour: Eaba in m.¤ mhór, Ériu iv 112 § 8. [ac tab]uirt duit mna moilli, ZCP xiii 17.17 . mná malla, SG 65.16 . mo chean don mhoill úir iodhain, Gofraidh Fionn v 24 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). macān m.¤ secht mbliadan, ZCP vi 266 § 2.

mebair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mebair or dil.ie/31707
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mebuir, mebar, -ur, memor, mebair, mebra, mebra, meabar, mebra

n i, f., (Lat. memoria). O.Ir. mebuir, Wb. 20a5 ; in Mid.Ir. also mebar (-or, -ur), memor.

(a) recollection, memory ( = that which is remembered), generally in early lit. as pred. of cop. and passing often into a pure adj. = remembered ; esp. in phrase: is m.¤ limm it is a memory with me, I remember . cani mebuir lib in senchas so? do ye not remember this story? Wb. 20a5 . m.¤ lem in ní dia fuil, Acall. 2491. memur lim aní diatá, ZCP viii 517.8 ( LL 191a28 ). memor latt . . . aní dosfuc, Metr. Dinds. iii 102. ba mebur lais an laíd, BColm. 98.22 . linn as mebar gan merblad we remember it without mistake, BB 13b = MacCarthy 310 (leg. mebair, : lebair). raḟiarfaigh doib inar meabor leo Tain Bó Cuilgni ina hóige, ACL iii 4.22 . With pl. subj. used in pl. (?) form mebra: bit mebra lim-sa rim lá | a n-anmand, LL 16a9 = at memra liomsa, Leb. Gab.(i) i 246. anmanna na sceul sin at mebra lat, Anecd. ii 43.8 , cf. ib. 3 . meabhra lim . . . a n-uirt is a n-anmanna, AFM i 134 (poem). In the follg. ex.: ` indat mebhair-siu itir' bar F. `isna airigthib gascid danímmís ac Scathaig?' `Isamm mebhair ám écin' bar C., TBC-LL¹ 3552 ( = an meabair leatsa . . . As meabair, St.), the forms indat, isamm probably represent 3 s. cop.+dat. pron. With fri of pers. remembering: memur fri cach sobard sen | a fhorard, Auraic. 1996. In follg. exx. mebra appears as a pure adj.: do laíde bid lán-mebra thy lays shall be fully remembered, Metr. Dinds. iii 366. anmanna . . . do neoch dibh batar mebra [mebair v.l.] ndo of such of them as he remembered, Anecd. ii 43 § 3. geasa righ aluinn Eamhna | ┐ a lann lanmebhra, BB 280b43 = lán-chalma, Leb. Cert. 248.6 .

(b) as subst.: ? luan ┐ mairt, meabair mbind, Laws iv 216.31 (poem). ata a meabhair agam I remember them, BNnÉ 178 § 31. is meisdi go meinic meabair | mad eimilt leabair in laeidh if . . . be prolix, the harder it is to remember it, Ériu x 88 § 109 (leg. meabar . . . leabar ?). do (de ?) mebair by heart, by rote: gabail ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. § 39. co ro techta do mebair a créda he should keep in memory his `credo', PH 4178. ge maith egna do mebar though wisdom committed to memory is good, ZCP xii 385.23 . gach a cluinedh . . . do bhídh aigi do meabair, Acall. 631. nach léigheann líne lebair Dubartán . . . 's gan aonfhocal do mhebair that D. cannot read one line of a book nor has even a word by rote, SG 280. do cuirthí do mheamhair leis na macaibh fóghluma é was committed to memory, Keat. i p. 90 . co nach bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282.7 . go dtí an bráth biaidh ar meabhair an céadlá 'until the Judgement come they will remember the first day' Éigse xxi 42 § 10 . The form mebra may have come in later Mid.Ir. to be regarded as a variant and used in all cases.

Hence the faculty of memory: ba hollom berla féne, | ba leignid lēire mebra, LL 201b42 . toil ┐ tuigse ┐ meabhair, TSh. 5266 , cf. 827 . maoladh na meamhrach, 1785 .

(c) in early Mod.Ir. used in wider sense, reason, intelligence: níor mhíadh ┐ níor mheabhair leis labhairt ria he deemed it neither honourable nor sensible, RC xxix 142 § 65. ba cheannsa meabhair chum réitigh `that had a gentle way of making peace', O'Rah. xxvi 51 (1911). éicen denamh a ndubairt . . . ni hiarrtha acht mebair Maghnais the mind (desire) of M., Irish Texts ii p. 52 § 19 (cf. Eng. `I have a mind to . . .').

nert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nert or dil.ie/33116
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nnert, neirt, nirt, neurt, niurt, neurt, neort, ni(o)rt, nert, nerta, nerta, a (i n-, ó), nirt, nerta, neirtbhríga, nertmaenig, nertmaoinigh

n o, n. and m. n s. (with art.) a nnert , Ml. 35d14 , Sg. 222b7 . nert n-irisse, Wb. 11c4 . na neurt, ZCP iii 451.22 . a s. na nert n-aile, Ml. 29d5 . g s. neirt, Ml. 48c15 . LU 9141 ( FB 88 ). Mid.Ir. generally nirt. d s. neurt, Wb. 16c4 , Sg. 1a6 et pass. niurt, Hy. vii 2 fg . Mid.Ir. neurt, neort, ni(o)rt. n p. inna nert , Ml. 108c14 . nerta, 73c2 . a p. inna nert, Sg. 105a1 . nerta, Ml. 85a4 . LU 8894 ( FB 68 ).

Strength, might, power, in physical and moral sense. Freq. renders virtus in Glosses; also robur, Ml. 22d2 , firmitas, 48c15 , vires, 73c2 (in pl.), cf. Sg. 105a1 . nert quasi uirt a virtute , Corm. Y 976. uis nert, O'Mulc. 152. In general sense of power: nert Dé, Hy. v 45. iar neurt in spirito noíb, Wb. 29d21 . hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . nert Demuin, Fél. Prol. 253. atai-si aniu a nert ┐ cumachta, Anecd. ii 54.10 = a nirt, ZCP viii 107.11 . focicher don nirt i ttá from the power in which he is, BNnÉ 307 § 29 . dochuadar i neart i nÉirinn (of the Norsemen), Keat. iii 2912. In moral sense: is ed a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14 (defining `perfecta virtus'). ibunt ... de uirtute in uirtutem .i. raghait ... do nirt for nirt, RC xxv 390 § 4 , cf. PH 4674 (do nirt for nert). coic nert deac inna hanmo .i. nert n-iresi, nert cennsa, etc., ZCP iii 451.18 . nert (one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit), ZCP v 499 § 4 (so also in later rel. texts, Luc. Fid. 149.8 , Parrth. Anma 233.7 ). neart, Parrth. Anma 225.8 (one of the four cardinal virtues = Lat. fortitudo). Of sway or dominion: noí mbliadna ós Herind a nert (= he reigned for nine years), LL 129a19 . cethri cóic bliadna ... ro giallad do niurt Nathí, 129b41 ( MacCarthy 192 § 4 , 212 § 4 ). Of physical strength: nert in bulli the force of the blow, LL 160a7 . ra immir Carpre a nert for Coin Culaind, LL 177a50 ( CRR 51 ). da mbeind-sea do nirt beith dom chois if I were able (strong enough) to be afoot, TBC-LL¹ 5775 , cf. 5868 . dia mbend-sea for mo nirt, ni thóetsaitis in macrad had I been in my strength, 2510 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1856. i neart slainte [sic leg.] in sound health (oppd. to: fri bás), Laws iii 34.14 , cf. 42.30 , 46.21 , 52.1 , ii 344.29 and see Ériu ix 31. go niort leoman, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

Power, ability (to do someth.): ní fhuil nert agad gun [= gan] techt lium (= you must perforce come with me), ZCP vi 48.12 . ro raidh ... nach raibhi nert a tidlaicthi aige that he was not empowered to give it up, Marco P. 169. Power, control (over someth.): ata nert agan duine ara chaint nogu leige se amach hi a man has power over his speech until he utters it, Ériu v 132.1 .

In various phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind, SR 3215 . cosnaid Temair ... nert bar nduirnd (sic leg.), Cog. 122.14 . ba nert leis a menma his courage was high, TBC-LL¹ 2496 . ar Niall nert, Ériu viii 69.59 . Forming a spurious compar. (cf. 5 de): ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla his courage was raised by the tidings, SCC 20 ( LU 3435 ).

gaibid nert for ... overpowers: do gab [in bás] nert ormm, PH 7807. ro gab Érnai nert for sil nEbir, ZCP vii 303.13 . do gabail nerta for Laighnib, RC xviii 274.6 (Tig.). Keat. ii 989. do breith neirt ara bhidhbhaidh, Duan. F. i 86.30 . (with obj. gen.) seizes the power of, subdues: slóigh le Maghnus ... a Sil Muiredhaigh, gur ghabh a nert ┐ a mbraighde, AU ii 368.20 (a. 1288 ). dochuaidh do ghabháil neirt na Fraingce, Keat. ii 983 , cf. 1776 .

a (i n-, ó) niurt (with gen.) by strength of, by dint of: ni ḟuigbitis uile acht a nirt catha ┐ chomlaind, LB 122b17 . faidhis C. slúag dia irghabail a nirt chatha, Marco P. 117. i nirt imghona by dint of fighting, ZCP xiv 246.16 . docuadur ... a nirt a n-imrama, CCath. 2226. ní ó nirt góei nō chlaidim acht o nirt ernaigthe, PH 8044. tre nert imgona, Ériu ii 180.17 . lotar ass fo nert a mbagh 'they went away with all their might', RC ix 466 (ICM) . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?), RC x 54.2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). teichis ... a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM) .

Transf. import, significance, etc.: nert comaccomail the force of a conjunction, Sg. 222b9 . nert n-ainmnedo anmmae the force of a nominative, 215a9 . caite deochair eter a cumang ┐ a neart?, Auraic. 965 (of vowels; `cumang' is when they are sounded alone, `nert' in combination with consonants).

Rarely in concrete sense a force, troops: co tanic nert Ulad fris coro-n-innarbsat é, LL 328b18 . gur thinoil ... sluagneart Saxon, MR 110.10 . Cf. treṡess cona nirt nonbair, LL 108a29 = RC xiv 404.2 (`with its crew of nine').

g s. as attrib.: rigi nirt a strong kingdom (?), IT i 124.12 . Hériu ardneirt, Ériu iv 110.2 . is hí sein comairle ba nirt leo-som which prevailed with them, TBC-LL¹ 2908 , cf. 4574 , 4598 . Clann M. ... do denamh imerce neirt ar muintir Ruairc a hostile incursion, AFM iv 718.10 . corbat nirt i fus `mighty in this world', PRIA iii 548 § 15 ( LL 147a17 ). do denam imirgi neirt ar Muintir R., Ann. Conn. 1390 § 6.

In pl. generally in distrib. sense (in Glosses somet. in imitation of Lat. vires): in tan aracrínat a nerta (gl. defectu virium), Ml. 73c2 . traithaid nerta lochnamat, FB 68 ( LU 8894 ). tancadar a nerta ┐ a mbriga doibh, CCath. 2581. a serc o ulib nertaib with all (thy) powers, LB 261a3 . ro tarrngid ... a nertaibh damh ┐ assan, CCath. 1763. ro srained in cath tria nertaib laoch, Ériu viii 178.15 . inis na neart, Keat. Poems 1157.

nerta (= Lat. virtutes, a rank of the Celestial Hierarchy), SR 693 , PH 6249.

Compds.

(a) with subst. in adjectival sense strong, mighty: ¤bág: co nertbáig `with strong fight', RC xx 12 § 21. ¤bla `mighty fame', Metr. Dinds. iii 298.2 . ¤blad id., Acall. 1264 (-bhladh). ¤bríg, LL 27a9 . fo nirtbríg a chumachta, Alex. 74 [sic leg.]. a p. neirtbhríga, MR 242.2 . ¤brised: ag neart-brisiud `routing', MR 156.14 . ¤chlann: Colum cádh nert-chlainni Neill, ZCP x 53.29 . MR 262.19 . ¤chomairle, Alex. 574. ¤c[h]ride, ZCP viii 306.11 . ¤fhlaith, Fél. Ep. 170 (of Christ). ¤gabál: neartghabháil námhad, ML 134.21 . ¤gal: le neartghoil céimeann `prowess of battle-deeds', Content. xxx 21 . TSh. 2126. ¤Goídel: do ṡil noesech nert-Gaedel, LL 4a46 , cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 220.8 . ¤lia f. a large stone used as a missile, etc. by warriors: nertlia míled forsa n-indsmatís slega ... ┐ fria meltís renda ┐ faebra, MacCongl. 47.16 . TBC-LL¹ 5527 St. gebis nertlia cloche fria ais, TBC-LL¹ 1569 = liic mair, TBC-I¹ 889. ro léic D. a urchur do nertlic miled, Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.6 ). Fig. of persons: nertlia gaíse, SCC 38 ( LU 3849 ). n. fergi, TFerbe 312 . ¤maín ( ¤maen): fúair núachar co nertmaín with great treasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 298.10 . ¤saegal: do nert-saegul, TBC-I¹ 1817 (ret.). ? ¤sluag: re nertmairi nirt sluaig [? nirtsluaig] adbail Eorpa, LL 236a42 .

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense: ¤adbal, see Fen. 328.18 . ¤brethach: la sil Nemid nertbrethaig, LL 8a38 . ¤buan, see ML 82.24 . ¤calma, MR 296.20 . ¤cráibtech: toghairm an naoimh nertcraibhtigh, BNnÉ 265 § 229 . ¤chrechach, Fen. 318.14 . ¤cubrach: inbher ... na habhann nertcubraidhe foaming, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . ¤giallach: ós chlaind Nemid nertgiallaig `seizer of hostages', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.12 . ¤maínech: mac Niúil nertmaínig, LL 3b11 = nertmaenig `des Kraftreichen', ZCP xiii 154 , nertmaoinigh `of mighty wealth', Leb. Gab.(i) i 210.7 ; cf. nertmaín above. ¤menmnach: comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b24 , cf. 235a39 ( TTr. 185 , 1212 ).

1 ord(d)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ord(d) or dil.ie/33966
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ort, ordd, ord, órd, úirt, úrt, ord

n o, m. (Lat. ordo; a learned loan-word , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 225 ) O.Ir. n s. ort, ordd, ord; órd, Wb. 9c17 . (cheville) ord ngle, Ériu xxi 151 § 5 . g s. úirt , 13b26 . d s. úrt, ib. 27 . ord (ó dhá chéill), IGT Dec. § 67.

Corresponds in general to Lat. ordo and translates that word, Wb. 13b26 , Ml. 42b12 , Sg. 25b4 , 215a2 . ord ab ordine , Corm. Y 1008. gl. ordo, Ir. Gl. 943. inna huird, gl. ordines, Gild. Lor. 235.

(a) order, sequence (of time, place or other principle of gradation), usual sense in Ml. and Sg. ord suidigtho á sailm the order of arrangement, Ml. 111c4 . ní sechetar ord oc suidiu they do not follow the (proper) order (i.e. they place the second first), 19b11 . ordd abbgitir dorat forsna consona alphabetical order, Sg. 23b5 . dechor n-uird i n-arim fil indib (sc. in `prior' and `primus'), 41b7 . anmmann uirdd nouns of order (i.e. ordinals), ib. in t-ord inna caiptel . . . is é ord . . . file forsna félib (= the chapters follow the order of the festivals), Fél. Prol. 333. ciasi ord fil forna psalmu? inn ord toiniuda fa int ord frescabala fa ind ord cetail? descending order or ascending order or order of chanting, Hib. Min. 6.196 , 197 ; cf. tri huird . . . .i. ord n-aineda ┐ ord fresgabala ┐ ord cumaisc, Laws v 26.13 Comm. iarsind urd dochúatar . . . for nem (= in the order of their deaths), Fél. Prol. 279. foídis S. iat iar n-urd one after another, in turn, FB 66. i n-urdd in order (sequence), Sg. 212a2 . ro indisetar sin uli do reir uird, PH 200. do réir uird a ngeinemhna in the order of their birth, TSh. 450. d'éis a uird `in the next place', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.37 .

(b) order, arrangement, state, way, course, procedure : nípu lib int órd so this practice (of going to law), Wb. 9c17 . secht- ordd an arrangement in sevens, LL 248b38 ( TBFr. 71 ). is ord grene ar etrochtaigi, 371a43 . cestnaigthir do forcraid na foltni ┐ na n-ingen cía ord bias forru isind esérgi?, LU 2574 ( RC xxv 240 § 12 ). tabair an ord as ail let forri dispose of her as thou wilt, RC xiii 9.17 . córaigium uile ord ar mbethad our way of life, PH 7882. ní hé an t-ord caingne cubhaidh the proper method of discussion, Content. xxiv 3. Iobhail ar a lorg . . . don ríoghain nochar ord é `no fit treatment for that queen', Dán Dé ii 15. mar atchonairc C. a chomalta . . . i n-urd a imgabala trying to avoid him, MR 300 z . a n-urd a n-adaltrais in the act of, TTebe 1053 . cidh be bhrisfes an cháin-se . . . is ifrionn ina (a n- v.l.) ord-san úaim-se, Ériu v 94.35 . Cf. ord .i. dliged . . . ord cobhruinne `custom', O'Dav. 1309 . Prob. in this sense in chevilles: ní thoracht Art aidble uird, LU 4169. TFerbe 841 . cath Cinn Abrat, huathmar ord, ZCP xii 378.17 .

In sense of good order, regular procedure : iar fagbáil cech reda do reir uird isin mainistir, RC xxv 398 § 16. Of battle array? derggfaide bar rind . . . bid áigsech bar n-ord, LL 306a10 = SG 384.6 . i cath Eille ar moch-ord áig `in fight early arrayed', Metr. Dinds. iii 266.15 .

(c) order, degree, rank : is hé m'ort inso, gl. apostolus et magister gentium, Wb. 29d25 . ni imbresnat mo gníma fri m'ort et mo thogairm, ib. 2 ; cf. 23b18 , 21 ; edd. Thes. trans- late `rank' in above exx., but possibly the sense is calling, function, see (e). it e dā n-ord filet for ainglib, stantes et ministrantes, PH 6221. Freq. of celestial hierarchy: tresna .ix. n-ordaib, gl. propter novem ordines [angelorum], Gild. Lor. 144. atat noi n-uird ┐ noi ngraid for anglib, PH 6233. ar neamh na n-ord, Oss. iv 58 y .

Hence in wide sense an order, class (of persons having a common status or calling): don ord ḟiledh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 92 § 14 . o rig ┐ o aithech, o thigerna ┐ o mogaid . . . o fheraib ┐ o mnaib, cip e toltnaigfes don chomdid i n-aen-urd díb-sin, PH 4014. an t-ord aingeal, Dán Dé xiv 16. don ord éigeas, Content. xiv 9.

(d) rank, dignity, honour ? i cath Bealaigh D. . . . adbath a ord re haen-uair `his dignity', MacCarthy 414.5 ( BB 50a25 ). ni facbaitis ni dia n-urd | macne Durthecht a mMurbulg, ZCP viii 218.5 , cf. 333.23 . Magh nAoi co n-áille uird `beauty of rank' (?), BS 106.26 . a lec Chuana . . . maith ord in c[h]ruidh rod-cennaigh, | ocht fir déc do gléiri glan, Ériu ii 166.58 . in aircinnech is grad uird hé (i.e. an honorary title without clerical functions?), Rawl. B 506 f. 21a ( O'D. 2260 ).

(e) functions, duty, task (of an individual or class): `Deog dam, a phopa Maic Cecht!' for Conaire. `Ní hé ord ro ngabus úait ém' for Mac C. `tabairt digi dait. . . . In t-ord ro ngabus- [s]a uait to [= do] imditiu', BDD 145. `Ara chenn dait, a Ḟergais!' or cach. `Aicc' ol F. `ni hord erosa' it is no easy task, TBC-LL¹ 2157. nā ro thairmisced . . . na hapstalu do urd a proceptai ┐ denma firt, PH 7861. ni hord aegaire codlud, MR 170.16 , cf. ib. 5 . an géagbile . . . mairg dan órd a innsai- ghidh woe to him whose lot it is to assail him, Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.4 . a lec mór . . . do déchain ni hord uabhair to behold thee does not kindle pride, Ériu ii 166.54 . ? trummae in t-ord sin, a bráthair, bad messe dod-gné that task is heavy, brother, let me do it, Ériu iii 102 § 27b (Rule of Ailbe).

(f) rule, regulation, ordinance, institution : ord bertha, Mon. Tall. § 27. is e ord in phósta ord Dé, PH 7771. in ord brei- themnachta `the laws of the Brehons', Laws i 16.15 . a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh `by the ordination of the F. and of nature', v 466.21 . ba hord isind aimsir sin ná téged in rí fein isin cath, ZCP viii 317.18 . suí in úird cechtardha idon Roman ┐ na nGaidel `doctor of either Law, namely of the R. and of the G.', AU ii 60.8 , cf. AFM ii 956.17 . i n-urd bairdni (= in metrical rule), Auraic. 1937. Of Rule of a religious community: Amra Plea . . . is e a ord-side fil ic muindtir Brigte its Rule is fol- lowed by B.'s community, Fél. 64.30 . do foglaim uird Pedair ┐ Poil, ib. 31 .

(g) ritual, office (of the Church): forácaib P. a lebar n-uird ┐ baptismi, Trip. 104.26 . bat mebrach sind noebscriptuir | in tan geba ord, ACL iii 313 § 13. iar n-eitsecht n-uird aiffrinn, AU iii 462.19 . Freq. in pl.: dorigne orddu na cásc, Trip. 120.11 . saccart . . . fri hurdu do grés to perform divine offices, Ériu iii 106 § 43. dobhéra Maodhócc . . . iomainn, uird ┐ aiffrind, BNnÉ 263 § 224. ord ceilibartha `liturgy', Fl. Earls 100.9 . ord coniuration `exorcism', 136.10 . órd an anma `ceremony of conferring the name' (on a chief), AFM vi 1928.23 .

(h) clerical ordination, holy orders , esp. in expression: aes uird = a. gráid clergy : aes uird is cheóil, LL 201b19 . atát int oes uird . . . issinn eclais, Ériu i 44.11 . lucht uird clergy, Eochairsg. 30.18 .

(i) a religious order or community : mainistir . . . ┐ ord arsaidh . . . craibhtech innte, BNnÉ 58.1 . a comḟogcus uirdd crabuid, Maund. 212. 'na shuidhe ar bhord . . . is ní dá ord 'na fhochair `some of his brethren' (of St. Dominic), Dán Dé iv 20 . dia hurd ┐ dia macaibh eccailsi `friars and ecclesiastics', AFM vi 1924.22 .