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córtus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. córtus or dil.ie/12560

 

n (cóir) right or proper arrangement or course; rightfulness: cen cert is cen c.¤ , ZCP x 49.31 . intan nach dénta cordus doib umi sin `when these conditions were not justly observed', Cog. 54.13 . imm chórdus dénma ernaigthi . . . bud amlaid-so dognethi, PH 7830 . cóirtus hinair imlibair gl. tonicam, Lib. Hymn. 34 gl. 19 . cortus madma `an effective defeat', Ann. Conn. 1261.14 = ALC i 440.9 . do rith an mhuir thar córtas `beyond bounds', O'Rah. 52.29 .

elada, elatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elada, elatha or dil.ie/19919
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -an, -na

n n, f. g s. -an, later also -na, IGT, Decl. § 9 .

(a) art, science, acquired craft or skill (in general sense or of a specific branch), renders Lat. ars: beanaidh ris an ealadhain leighis = artis est medicinae TSh. 8229 (cf. Lile na hEladhan Leighis = Lilium Medicinae O'Gr. Cat. 202 ). abairt .i. ab arte .i. issī abairt do-ní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . O'Cl. s. abairt. foillsigther do fis cecha healadna, Auraic. 4940 . lan do ecna in gach uile eladhain eter dlighedh ┐ diaghacht, ḟisigecht ┐ ḟellsaime ┐ ealadhain Gaeidhilgi air chena every science including law, divinity, physic, philosophy and the art of Gaelic [composition] in general AU 1498 . do réir [sic leg.] ealadhan an photeceári, Exodus xxx 35 . tárras deigh-ealadhain a noble craft (viz. poetic art) Dán Dé xxv 4 . gorab sec[h]ranach ealadhan an baramail sin unscientific Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.23 . Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gérbh égcinnte a n-eladhna `boundless as was their science' O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . aes borb eladan unskilled workmen Laws v 98.11 Comm. (here opp. to aes dána). gnimrada borba...ac na recar a les ealat[h]u, iii 174n .

Esp. of literary or poetic art, or of minstrelsy , the underlying meaning being always skill , hence the word is not synonymous with éicse: aes ciuil ┐ oirfide ┐ ealadna, IT ii2 122.6 . aos ealadhna (of poets), Studies 1924, 85 . TD 8.16 . uinivers na healadhna (i.e. the poet's study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 . buime is ḟearr don ealodhain (of one bountiful to poets and minstrels) TD 9.51 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn the bond of art (letters, music) 23.5 .

With defining gen. of a particular craft or calling: doneoch...is tualaing éladu imbertha airm, TTr.² 91 . eolus ealadhna an ghaisgidh, Studies 1919, 439 . Cf. bearradh...lais...a ccomhartha ealadhan re taighleoiriocht in token of (his) calling as a courier Todd Lect. iv 68.14 .

do-gní e.¤ studies, learns, teaches or practises a craft: ag dénum eladhan isin cathraigh sin, RC x 182 y . co ndenad se ars memorativa .i. el[adh]na na cuimni do chach, 182.7 . ní tíaghair...d'íarraidh ealathan to seek (training in poetic) art IGT, Decl. ex. 315 ( = Studies 1924, 86 ). TD 12.6 .

(b) of applied skill in any art or craft; workmanship: ro derscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain material and workmanship FB 1 . screpall rob fiu in bunad ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of a metal vessel; the skill and industry of the craftsman augmented the value of the material), Laws v 18.1 Comm. Of horse-training: don fer do-righne in eladhain...don fer do-righne in frichnumh, Cóic Con. 48.2 = Laws v 214.7 Comm. Of medical or surgical treatment: da ndecha mer as a inadh tarringther é ┐ cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é ┐ dentar an eladha cedna air (viz. apply a bandage, etc., as in the case of dislocatio manus) YBL 349a41 . nach fetir do reir naduire na ndaine clocha...dfoirithin, acht do reir eladhan...fetir seandaine eigin dfoirithin, 353b10 .

In connexion with military operations: doronsat... aidhme iongnaithe d'amhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta trias ro ghabhsat Carrag L.C. for mhuintir F., AFM iii 280.17 .

(c) of skill in deception, craft, cunning, wile: gabaid fen rigi...tria cheilg ┐ elathain, LB 140a42 (= Todd Lect. vi 78.7 ). PH 8090 . mellaid demun tria eladain in drém na techtait in fírDia, 1950 . na fil celg no eladu dráidechta lais, 786 . BNnÉ 43.5 . trem' inntlecht ┐ trem' ealadhnoib diaplaidhi infernal arts Fl. Earls 138.11 . Here probably: ealaidhe na bpeataoi-se manœuvres (?) Ó Bruad. iii 134.22 .

(d) an exhibition or specimen of skill, craftsmanship: do erail eladan forru a display of their skill (in dancing) PH 893 . doronsat éladna inganta performed wonderful (gymnastic) feats 897 . trí fáilti coirmthige: immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elatho (.i. ealadha do thaisbeana[dh]), Triads 225 and p. 42 . dob imdha céol ┐ eladhna ar an mbanais sin, ZCP vi 82.33 . augtair na elathan ic tennad a tairngi the builders of the structure (of a ship) LL 219a1 = TTr. 136 . Cf. cliatha bo Raghamain ruanaid | nírb ealadhain uabair [sic leg. ?] iat, Ériu x 85 z . Of a literary composition: augtar inna healathan-sa Béid Bede is the author of this work Anecd. iii 63.25 . S. O'D. da-rini inn ealadhu-so (heading of a piece of alliterative prose), H 2.7, col. 213 . don eladuin-si na Táno, ACL iii 3.3 . ros bennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.21 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser, etc. 2.3 . MacCongl. 3 . Ériu viii 150 . co nderna liubra ┐ eladhna lanmora do amaindse ┐ do indleacht `treatises' [cf. above, last cit. under (b)] RC xvii 417.29 . Cf. Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.12 . RC x 183.3 . is don Mac S.-si doroinneadh na healadnacha adchualabar these poems were composed L. Chl. S. § 40 . Cf. elada .i. eccloga .i. gobarc[h]omrád...ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, is umi aderar gobarc[h]omrad...rie, Corm. Y 561 .

COMPD.: in t-eladenmaid = artifex PH 5578 ( = elad-d., see IGT, Introd. § 94 ). Cf. gusan elandenmaid, Ériu v 72.6 (n.2) , perhaps for eladandenmaid (see IGT, Introd. § 93 ). See also acunailind denmaid, Ériu v 72 n. 2 (E 3 5 p. 56b) .

inmain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inmain or dil.ie/28762
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Inmainén, Inmhainen

adj i (6 muin)

I

(a) dear, beloved: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. inmain .i. is cosmail do seirc mnā, O'Mulc. 750. ind fíróg i.¤ , Thes. ii 326.1 ( Hy. iv ). i.¤ nainm ... Aeda `beloved the name ... of Aed,' 295.8 ( SP v ). i.¤ súil glass carddais mná, IT i 79.5 . Íssu i.¤ áge `beloved pillar,' Fél. Prol. 339. i.¤ acht la Demon | Eugenia for domun, Fél. March 16. Issau ... robo serccach la Issác, is Iacob ... ropo i.¤ lía mathair, SR 2828. a braithre inmuini hi cCrist, Lat. Lives 109.5 . áit i mbaí a hadba i.¤ , ScM. 24e . batar comalta carthacha dún. Ba hi.¤ in fíanlag, BDD² 506. fa díl ┐ fa hinmhain leis hí, Ériu iii 150.12 . binnither toirm tét n-umi | sephnait aingil inmuini, iv 96 § 15 . turus inmuin tic cucaib `a fond visitation is coming to you,' viii 122.29 . in comfhat bís in madrad ina chuilén, atmaid-se a máthair ┐ is inmhain leis hí, PH 7416. i.¤ la diabul cech peccad, 7437 . i.¤ cāch isa c[h]orpān so most dear, CCellaig 564 . ionmhuin troigh atá ar na goin, DDána 26 § 24. i.¤ ráith áoibind innḟúar, IGT Decl. ex. 353. tabhair, a mhic ionmhain, do chroidhe féin damhsa, TSh. 2193. má is ionmhuin leo Sláinte shíorruidhe a nAnma, Donlevy 470.x .

(b) worthy of love, loveable, excellent: ro pad i.¤ oenḟer forsa mbetis na tri dath ucut, IT i 71.17 . aided nárb i.¤ , ScM. 24d . i.¤ samail frisnid cosmail a nadchīusa ... carpat Finde Becce ingine Echdach, TBC-I¹ 2874. robad i.¤ lem in firt | diambad Chú no bet it richt, LU 3751. robad i.¤ lá mád fír | ricfed Cú Chulaind mo thír `it would be a happy day,' SCC 108 (= LU 3316 ). i.¤ trā hi tuladar fianna iarum don chath for Gāirich, TBC-I¹ 3534. faoilte ionmhuin, DDána 73 § 17.

Compar. and superl. ba hinmuniu lé-si Mac Con andate a secht maic, Fianaig. 36.4 . in rop ailliu lim fo nim | ocus an rop inmainib | rucais úaim, IT i 80.6 . Fremain Tethbai bá inmainem lais do duinib Herend, LU 10714. i muin cach set bes inde, do neoch bes inmuine, Laws v 382.9 .

Adv. dogab co hi.¤ ailgen aga hagallaim ` affectionately ,' TTebe 1068 .

II As subst.

(a) love: tuc do rogrādh im anmain | co rob lomlān dot inmuin, Ériu iii 31 § 23.

(b) a beloved person: sochaidhe bhias gan ionmain, AFM ii 914.20 . o do báided mac Crimthain | nocha nfuil m'inmhain dá éis `one that I may love,' SG 113.21 . muna dtíosainn lem ionmhain, Measgra D. 44.36 .

Dimin. Inmainén npr. m. g. Flaithbertach mac Inmhainen , AU i 462.17 . Flaithbheartach mac Ionmhainéin abb Inse Cathaigh, Keat. iii 3081.

1 muirnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 muirnech or dil.ie/32797

 

o, ā. (cf. muirenn) adj. of uncertain meaning, used as epithet of a `manaís' or broad-bladed spear. mánais murnech ina deiss, TBC-LL¹ 5403 (= muincech, TBC-I¹ 3304 ). fón manaís murnig, 1286 . tiagam . . . bar ar mánaisib móra murniucha, 3606 , cf. 3612 . tri mánaisi mára murnecha, LL 266b3 = MU 30.22 . do manaisibh murnec[h]aibh, CCath. 6020. manaois mórmhúirneach airgididhe, Todd Lect. iv 74.22 . go manaoisibh móirleabhra muirneacha, Hugh Roe 214.4 (fo. 57a) . AFM vi 2126.26 . Thurneysen associates with this word the follg.: brat odar, muirnech (?) umi ina brot, ZCP ix 191 § 3 (appar. a clasp or pin); the MS. reads mirnech umhae, Ériu ii 33.4 .

toirm, tairm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toirm, tairm or dil.ie/41256
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tarm, torm, torma, torme, toirm, tairm, ttairmcriotnughadh

n i, f. (Earlier torm, tarm, u, n.: torm ndil, SR 7821 . g s. torma, torme (sic leg. with MSS.), Immrama 88 § 28 , 90 § 46 .) toirm tairm, IGT Decl. § 14 (p. 69.4) .

I

(a) sound: co cloisind torm na tond tana | forsna cairrge, ZCP v 496 § 4 . sephain cogrinn ceol (sic leg.) ṅglain ṅgil, | bái a th.¤ dind fo secht nimib, SR 2160 . golaīs íarom, ba torm diartain, Immrama 62 § 75 . binnither t.¤ tét n-umi , Ériu iv 96.3 .

(b) noise, tumult, trampling: is and sin bias tairm adbul ... na n-anmand nglan ic céimnigud for deis a rrig, LU 2464 . metighter tairm tuinni treni i n-aimsir robarta ... seselbe na sochaidhe, TBC-LL¹ 5610 . tairm ocus glor na sochaide do cloistin, Laws iii 202.7 Comm. co t.¤ rig ┐ co seisselbe sochaide, RC xxi 154.8 . adbal gáir | la t.¤ teglaig co tromgráin, TFerbe 908 . ni torm teglaig domeso, Anecd. i 14.11 . ba trombalc a tairm, Todd Nenn. 142.4 . fá lán talamh dhá thairm agas dhá threathan, ML 94.13 . as mór tra an t.¤ ┐ an fothrom baoi eturra, TFrag. 190.x . gabtar cassa na n-each ann sinn ... bátar gan tsegh gan tairm tra, SG 26.20 . le tairm ngreagh srianbhuidhe seang, TD 8.6 . tairm na néal, foghar na n-uile ainmhidhe, Studies 1932, 142 § 17 . t.¤ gan treise, O'Gr. Cat. 556.16. Hence shock (?): sceinnis a chridi ... immar th.¤ tuinne trethan-glassi ra tír, CRR 12.17 . ni thainic riam tairm catha bud mó inas in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418.5 .

II report, fame: is glae thegdais, tórm rochlos, Thes. ii 292.17 . hi sídfhlaith ind altair | i mbí t.¤ cech thempuil, Fél. May 10 . t.¤ .i. molad, O'Dav. 1575. is éol dam ainm cach fir eím | a blad a thairm im thig thíar, LL 32a47 . oenmac mná, ba t.¤ truagi, | ba marb do bidc oenúaire, SR 7169 . fogur tuinni t.¤ Noisi | ba ceol bind a bithchlóisi, IT i 78.25 . a thairm ┐ a clu, CCath. 333 . lan da tairm Teamhair Mide, Celtic Scotland iii 454 19 . ainm uathi for tuind na tarma | dia sluind co calma iar n-a crad, RC xlvii 293.5 . ba t.¤ troch riana thrágud, Metr. Dinds. iii 412.31 . ní súail in tairm in tescul | ó fúair gairm is glan-gestul, 348.19 . desin atá, ni tairm tó | senchas Locha Léin iar ló, 264.49 . Fúat mac Bregoin ... | ba t.¤ dar tíre treboind, iv 164.34 . ail forsn-dessid a thairm tricc | rolen a ainm in aird-licc, 224.35 . mór tairm na bláithe buige | binn fogar na caemchruite, SG 108.25 . teid a thairm na tairm teinn-mhir, Top. Poems 84.11 . a bhuga as báthadh dá ttairm, Ériu v 54.3 . acht giodh teann tairm a n-iomráidh, Arch. Hib. i 96 § vi . Common in chevilles: t.¤ ṅglan, SR 2033 . t.¤ trén, 7897 . tarm trén, 5961 . torm tenn, 6771 .

? muinntear Baidhbh ina boithrind | mar gach tairm in Lochlaind lēir, Ériu x 84 § 77 . fear do tsil Erimoin uasail, | oirrdric Tigearnach in tairm, 85 § 81 . maidm locha Érne cen ail | tairm dar trocha rathócaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 462.28 . mod táire, ní tairm cen taig, ii 68 31 .

Compds. ¤chles noise-feat (cf. torannchless): tairm-cles nónbair .i. cles cait ┐ cles cúair, LU 9288 . ¤chloth great renown: tarmclotha in tigernais, MR 248.z . -chonflicht noisy conflict: loc do i tharmconflicht rolatar genti ann fri Patraic, O'D. 10 ( H 3.17, col. 10 ). ¤chres noisy shaking: la na ttairmcres .i. isin la in a mbia an ttairmcriotnughadh ar crechedh an aeoir, Leb. Gab.(i) 130 n. 4 . ¤chrith trembling, quaking, rumbling: tuitid na tiaga ... Sochait uili frisin tair[m]crith sin na leabar, Fél. 198.26 . tarmcrith nime ┐ talman, KMMisc. 144.26 . táinic t. mór ┐ torannchles ... isin cathraigh, SG 30.27 . t. mor do thiacht 'san aidheor, AU iii 624.4 . ¤chrithnaigid trembles loudly, rumbles: gur ob suaill nar tharm-chrithnaig in talam fa a thraigthib (of the approach of a warrior), MR 196.2 . Vn.: isin lá in a mbia an ttairmcriotnughadh ... .i. lá an braith, Leb. Gab.(i) 130 n. 4 . ¤chruaid noisy and hard: co tracht portaib tarmchruaide, MR 106.1 . da tren redg ... tarm-cruaidi, 298.16 . ¤gáeth noisy wind: ar trencheathaib ... tarmgáithe, MR 236.20 . 1 ¤gal noisy fighting: ri abhaisibh na n-arracht ri tarmgail na trogan, LL 409a20 . 2 ¤gal noise and steam: tarmgal na troimt[h]einedh, ZCP viii 212.5 . ¤grith noisy vigour (cf. armgrith): re tairmgrith a trenfher, MR 190.22 . ¤nime: dom chaomhna ar teinidh thairmnimhe, Aithd. D. 76 19 . ¤thren noisy and strong : eass ... tairmtren, MR 104.12 .

Cf. tairim.

umae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. umae or dil.ie/43136

 

Forms: humu, umu

n io, n., later m. copper, also bronze, brass; renders Lat. æs, æreus Wb. 12b7 , SR 5765 , see exx. below: uma ab humo, ar is de ūir donīther, Corm. Y 1298 . uim (v.l. uimm) .i. uma, 1273 . O'Dav. 1609 . O'Cl. umha, m., IGT, Decl. § 2 . n s. humae fogrigedar .i. crabud cen desercc (gl. aes sonans), Wb. 12b27 (corresp. to: umha ag déanamh foghair, TSh. 9412 ; mar phrás, 1 Corinth. xiii 1 ). cid as búaine for bith? ... fér, umae, ibar `copper,' Tec. Corm. § 20 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dluthaib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird | cia théit muga ni geib meirg, Ériu ix 48.26 (= LL 147b z). uma n-án n-aircidhe (v.l. nargide), Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . umha ar a cumanuibh `brass (rings) upon their hurling-sticks,' Laws ii 146.18 Comm. (here dist. from `créduma' though both are rendered `brass' in transl.). triun do ansolam i triun airgit, .i. uma indiu, iii 150.16 (cf. anfolam i triun airgit .i. uma indiu, 23 P 3, 25b ). umu do rath (.i. umu do thabairt isin rath), Laws v 220.12 (26). Chalcecaumenon .i. in t-uma loisgthe , ACL i 332.41 = [a]es ustum .i. umha loisgthe `burnt brass,' RC ix 232 . mar théid an t-umha is an t-ór | téid an t-aoibhneas 's an t-anshógh, Ir. Monthly 1922, 295 § 12 ( DDána p. 160 ). an brég nar ḟalaigh a humha | créd fa dtabhair lugha lé, IGT, Decl. ex. 47 . a s. umaide .i. imrit in uma `who work in brass,' Laws v 94.22 Comm. (= in t-uma, 90.25 Comm. ). etir fin ┐ uma ┐ etach ┐ iarn, Ann. Conn. 1258 § 6 . a mbí idir ór is umha `copper,' TD 7.21 . mar umha dá sgrios le sgiain, | mall rian a iongan ar chruit chaoin, Measgra D. 6.29 . g s. admestar hírinn asa ilménib: méin óir, méin airgit, mein umai, méin lúadi, méin iairn, ZCP xi 85 § 39 . argetlach do méin uma no iarainn, Laws iv 278.15 . Cf. [airgetlach] .i. loc i mbi ... mein in airgit, no in uma, no in iaraind, i 170.17 (= mén iarn no humma no creda ..., O'Curry 797 (< H 3.18, 370 ). coire uma, LL 296a27 . tathai cairi humai i tallai torcc (of the `bóaire'), iv 310 z (= Críth G. 197 ). rucad coiri humai do P. (=aeneus), Trip. 230.5 (= umaidi, Trip.² 2721 ). cetna gnim gnisset marchloc | dabach humai istudloc, SR 4198 (= umaide, LB 120b6 ). dabach huma ... fri hindlatt, Rawl. 79a35 ( 2 Chron. iv ). tothlaigestar dig a llestar humi, LU 10597 . a hiallacrann humai glain | otha a glúine co talmain (of Goliath), SR 5765 (: ocreas aereas, 1 Reg. xvii 6 ). secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co cléithe issin tig, TBFr. § 7 . sé senistri déc ..., ┐ comlae humae ar cech n-aí, ib. cuiṅg umai darsa forlés, ib. cetheora ochtga humai for imdai A. ┐ M., ib. eó uma isin brutt, TBC-LL¹ 5286 . coicruth co mbuale umae, Fianaig. 14.25 (see ib. p. 2 ). dubsciath co mbuailid humae, TBC-I¹ 3211 (= co caladbuailid findruini, TBC-LL¹ 5271 ). d s. tob di humu `a trumpet of bronze,' Ml. 2b16 . di umu , Laws v 410.19 Comm. dá ídal deacc ... chumtachta ó uma, Trip.² 1006 (=aerei fabricati Lat. Lives 52 ). a bruinne ┐ a leasracha d'umha (=ex aere, Dan. ii 32 ), TSh. 57 .

Cf. im claide alla ... for umad `for piercing a cliff for copper ore,' Laws i 184.13 .

airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu the bronze blade (?), LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin forsin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 2073 .

fidh-cheangal do dhéanamh ar chuithe ... an chroidhe ... ionnus nach géabhadh teannáil na toile bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma ... ag buain ... umha ghuirm na hurchóide dhi-múchadh chuice=`verdigris' TSh. 1859 .

As material of harp-strings: cruit ... ar thrí téad, | ... téad d'iarann, teud d'umha ān, | an ceadna d'arccod iomlán, Manners and Customs iii 223 n. binnither toirm tét n-umi | sephnait aingil inmuini | fogur gotha in gáethmaill glain, Ériu iv 96 § 15 . luin dubha Ghlinne na nGealt | binne iná in t-umha a n-éisdeacht, IGT, Decl. ex. 1496 . ó táid gotha an umha fann, | cuir-se téad charr in do chruit, Measgra D. 7. 131 . ar n-éag inghine hÍ Cheallaigh | is Taidhg ... | ní háil bas do bhuain umha (v.l. dumha) | do chuaidh as an ealudha, Ir. Monthly 1921, 161 § 28 (= DDána p. 246 ). nó go searg le snáth umha | a ḟearg ní háth iondula DDána 100.30 .

Compds.: umachaire a copper caldron , Críth G. 364 . uma-dāilem[?], Corm. Y 569 . uma-lestar (or -lestrae, collect.) a brazen vessel : cach umhalestar (v.l. um a lestra) cen mudh, O'Dav. 681 . huma-lestrai, Críth G. 405 . In n.l.: Humarrith ainm ind atha sin copper-ford (?), LU 5812 (where -rith=W. rhyd `ford,' Meyer, RC xvi 89 ). LL here has Uman-ṡruth, St umha sruth, TBC-LL¹ p. 275 . Cf. umharradh .i. umha ṡruth .i. sruth an umha, O'Cl.