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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgaire or
Last Revised: 2013


io, n. Vn. of ar-gair. (a) act of prohibiting, preventing, hindering; prohibition, check: mandati .i. ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire the commandment was the occasion of the committing of the sin, Wb. 3c23 . na gníu-sa iár n-airgairiu gl. nam peccatum occas[i]one accepta per mandatum seduxit me, 30 . do irgairiu étrith, 9d1 . do irgairiu cotulta, 25c12 . ergairi cech uilc, Ml. 35c11 . do ergairi neich dia muntair, 48c5 . dia nergairiu do denum huilc, 125a7 . forfeimdes a hergaire i.e. nobody could hinder Balaam from blessing the host, SR 4808 . both oc claide R. . . . dachúas ó Pátraic dia ergairi, Trip.² 2265 . ? ni maithi dam-sa fognam nadnaca ar nimdlegar argaire resíu rogenainn, ZCP xii 365.13 . na dearnais imadall in domnaich dar ar n-urgairi, YBL 118b42 . aurgaire clame, nem-comrac ria i naimsir comberta, O'D. 2373 ( Rawl. B. 506, fo. 45a ). lecud creice cen urgaire , Laws v 366.14 . doluid S. índiaid a dalta dia ergaire ar na tessed ín targraig to prevent him from going, BB 409b40 . ni fairgéba-su ar do cind . . . ergaire mórslúaig bas inraici one better fit to check a great host, LU 4843 (TBC). do tháet G. do aurgairi Ch. (in order to avert a curse), ZCP iii 208.9 . blīadan lān dond filid . . . oc sinnad ┐ oc ainmed Lagen ┐ 'coa n-urgairiu co nā roāsair fēr preventing grass from growing, Otia ii 86 § 3 . dogen-sa urgaire do mucc-su conna pat metha ce beit for mess, IT iii 244.20 . arghaire .i. bacáil nó crosadh, O'Cl. See turgaire. (b) restraint, match (through sexual intercourse), sexual satisfaction : secht mna dia ergaire mani thairsed Flidais 'seven women to curb him ' Ériu iv 26 § 13 . is ferr erghaire (erguiri) uainn best among us at restraining (men) Ériu v 209 n. , ZCP lv 73, 83, 87 .

? do-urgair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? do-urgair or


Forms: turgaire

v (*to-air-uss-gair- (?), Binchy, Ériu xvii 84 ): mad orgain . . . ro hoirg nech, na bid neach do-n-urgaire ` incite ', Ériu xi 69.y . daurgairfedh a trebaire im gach duine `would prohibit (?)', xvii 70.z. Vn. turgaire.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. léiciud or


Forms: leciud, léciud, lécud, lecun, lecud, legod, lēigen, ligen, leagan, lecadh, lecan, leiccen, leigion, leicthe, léigthe, licthe, leicctiu, leccti, leiciud, lécud, licad, lecudh, lecon, lecun, leccad, légen, légadh, léiccen, léigean, légadh, leagadh

u, m. vn. of léicid. In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with -e-, with non-palatal quality of the -c-, and with -n- endings except in gen. n s. leciud, Ml. 105b 16 . léciud, Ériu ii 65 § 8. lécud, LU 3922. lecun, 3905 . lecud, Laws v 366.14 . legod, iv 214.28 Comm . lēigen, ZCP xiv 240.12 . ligen, vi 85.10 . leagan, Dán Dé xxiii 13 (: sbreagadh). a s. lecadh, Laws ii 240.10 Comm . lecan, v 478.14 Comm . leiccen, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . leigion, Duan. F. ii 256 § 33. g s. leicthe, LU 6965. Aithd. D. 98.24 . léigthe, 23 K 42, 122.10 . licthe, Fianaig. 52.13 . leicctiu, CCath. 5128 (leccti, v.l.). d s. leiciud, Sg. 127b3 . lécud, Fél. Apr. 21. LU 8151. licad, Laws i 172.22 Comm . lecudh, 86.z Comm . lecon, v 442.10 Comm . lecun, i 100.13 Comm . leccad, Grail 3675 . légen, BCC 104.13 . légadh, Hugh Roe² 328.z . léiccen, 112.32 . léigean, Keat. ii 5260. Cf. also leicsin, Laws v 508.5 Comm . légadh, IGT Verbs § 71. leagadh, § 36 .


(a) act of loosing, releasing, throwing, hurling : T. . . . do léccadh dua Raghallaigh was set at liberty by O'R., AFM iii 306.8 . Of blood shedding, letting : cro fir frisaige leca fola nad urgair `who is present at the shedding of blood which he did not hinder', Laws v 236.14 . an fhuil d'fheucoin a haithle a léigthe, 23 K 42, 122.10 . cuisle do legin, Rosa Angl. 30.7 . do bithin cuislinne do leicceadh dhó, AFM iii 218.4 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . ina dumha sealga ┐ ina lāthair licthe (of a hunter), 52.13 . Of a particular kind of cast: léciud ón co forgabáil, TBFr. 237.

(b) act of allowing, permitting : lecud creice cen urgaire `allowing a sale without prohibition', Laws v 366.14 . lécud na mmucce do rainn dam that I be permitted to divide the pig, Sc.M² 8 (léicid in muic etc., v.l.).

(c) act of leaving alone, abandoning : is dech a llecud ammain manini aithriged `if they do not repent it is best to leave them alone', Mon. Tall. 128.5 . iar lécud cech ṡubai having given up, Fél. Apr. 21 . ainmne, nechte co nóibi, / léciud sechte co sóibi `putting away of hypocrisy', Ériu ii 65 § 8. Act of putting away, repudiating (a wife, etc.): a bith coa lécud do Choin Ch. (of Fand), LU 3955 ( SCC 45 ). mná arna légad d'fearuib, IGT Verbs ex. 623 . D. . . . do lecad do, Ann. Conn. 1339.7 . dob ail le hIoseph Muire do leigin tre ed, Smaointe B. Chr. 465.

Various: i llobud do cána . . . .i. laebad no i licad do riagla `slighting thy rule', Laws i 172.22 Comm . is luaithe mé . . . / ná an luingeas ar ligean na taoide `suffered to swim with the tide', O'Gr. Cat. 593.30 . l.¤ scíse, l.¤ éloid see s.vv. scís, élúd.

II With prepositions.

(a) With A act of allowing to escape from, releasing from: ar leciud o Persaib as ind fognam hi robammar `our release by the Persians', Ml. 105b16 . can a lecan as in druim fri lias not to allow it out of the cattle-shed, Laws v 478.14 Comm . alma ┐ éiti . . . arna lécud asa fáltaigib, MU² 390 . a lecan a gemil he was released (of a prisoner), RC xviii 196.x . gan a léigean go flaitheas Dé a purgadóir, TSh. 4266. Hence with 3 s. n. of prep.: logh einiuch nama do lecin as, cin seotu `the amount of honor-price only shall be let go', Laws ii 38.16 Comm . re lecadh as imurro ata in laogh `the heifer calf is to be spared', 240.10 Comm . can a lec(h)ud as `not allow him to escape', Cog. 146.4 . fer cúibrigthi . . . do lecun . . . ass, PH 2809.

(b) With AR: na heicne-sea do lecun arna Tiabandaib, TTebe 1616 . deór uisge do léigean ara theangaidh to let fall on, TSh. 6164 . docunnaic corp aga ligen ar lár isin halla righda being laid down, ZCP vi 79.8 . tug ara chámhulluibh a légion ara nglúinibh made his camels kneel down, Gen. xxiv 11 . an long do lēigen ar a haradhain fēin seachnōin na fairrge to let the ship drift, Fl. Earls 12.26 .

(c) With CEN: a lécun cen a frithardad `let them alone without distressing them', PH 1953.

(d) With CO: a lecud chuice to let Him have them, PH 4441. a leigean gusan áit si as nimhnighe, Mac Aingil 3708 . ro nocht a claideam ┐ ro thriall a lecun co heslind `proceeded to direct it to a vital spot', TTebe 3391 . gur uo himairgidhe dōip a lēigen gach ndīrech gusin fFrainc `to make straight ahead towards France', Fl. Earls 10.19 . ig légon usce goa caírib watering their sheep, Celtica iv 22.274 . Cf. (f). bás bréige do léigean chugat `to feign death', Keat. ii 2511 . ┐ é (sc. Dia) ag léigean druinge oile go hearr a n-aoise, TSh. p. 166.

(e) With DI: lēigen fercon dā héill loosing a bloodhound from its leash, ZCP xiv 240.12 . na daine a[ta] a ngoiri do bas dlegar ligin da faistine an tan [sin] one should cease their prognosis (treating them) (?), RC xlix 57.5 . With personal form in reflexive sense: Maolmhaedhócc . . . do léigen comhorbais Phattraicc de `resigned', AFM ii 1054.15 . an righe do léigean díobh gan imreasan to relinquish, Keat. iii 137 . a léigean díot . . . an ní atā d'fhiachuibh ort (i.e. a sin of omission), Parrth. Anma 3333 . reacht Macamétuis do lēigion dhíot a ngeall ar chreideamh Críosd to give up, Beatha S. F. 2595 .

(f) With DO act of allowing (to go) to, granting, ceding: in cauradmir do lécud do nách aile do Ultaib to allow anyone else to have . . . , LU 8151 ( FB 11 ). icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath, CCath. 5128 . a lecun can cath . . . do Gallaib (of land), Cog. 68.12 . eadh ┐ cairde do lēcud dō fri hiaraidh in scēoil sin to grant him a respite, ACL iii 4.16 . corp . . . mo cetmunnteri can a legad d'ethaidib . . . aeoir not to leave it at the mercy of, TTebe 4638 . mairg chleachtas do chumus féin / do leigin duit, a dhroichmhéin, Aithd. D. 79.2 . Of watering animals: ac lecun uisci da echaib, TTebe 2773 . oc lecud usqi dia n-indilib, Celtica iv 6.5 . Cf. (d). With vn. act of permitting (to do, be done): seilg Eirionn do leigean dó, Duan. F. ii 38 § 25 . imthecht do lecud don tṡluag, TBC-LL¹ 1783 . gan a léigean dó féin faill do dhéanamh, TSh. 1691 . a lēigen dō fert do c[h]laidhi do Mogh N., ML² 291. t'fhastud gan do léigin do dígail a críche, Comp. CC 90.17 . can chuirp na nGreg do legan do loscad not to allow the bodies of the Greeks to be burnt, TTebe 4760 .

(g) With ETER: iarruim ar Osgar na ngniom ngle / leigion eadrom is Caoílti to leave me to deal with C., Duan. F. ii 256 § 33.

(h) With FO: a leigin fá eathaidib áeoir to leave them to the birds of the air (of bodies), TTebe 4588 . ic lécud gaíthi ┐ grene fóe letting wind and sun play on him, LL 9024 (TBC). dethtach do legin futhu fon medhon to fumigate it (the nose), Rosa Angl. 156.20 . log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecun fo caill `is to be forfeited', Laws i 100.13 Comm . Cf. aen trian d'fir na athgabala ┐ in aithgina (sic) do lécan fo chaill to let the (question of the) restitution lapse(?), O'D. 1483 ( E 3.5, p. 47 ). gan a leiccen fo éra `not to refuse them', BNnÉ 248 § 201 .

(i) With FOR: a [ḟ]réna do thuaslocad ┐ do leiciud foraib `to loosen its roots and to give them free course(?)', Sg. 127b3 (word omitted after leiciud? note). ni ba miad le nech aili do lecud fuirri (of a mare), TTebe 2283 . gan ní as moo do légen orra not to allow any more to come upon them (of soldiers entering a besieged city), TFrag. 232.9 . gan tren a nesccaratt do leicen forra `not to suffer the might of their enemies to prevail over them', AFM iii 364.z . ar lēigen a truim forra after leaning their weight upon them (spears), ML² 1491. iarna lecan for enuibh (of falcons), Marco P. 90.

(j) With FRI: iar lēcud ind ide frisin sruth letting go with, TBC-I¹ 633 . fuair curach gan frichnum imruma fair ach a legan re coigidal na gaithi allowed to drift before the wind, Ériu iii 152.17 . nir miad leis a legin ris to allow it to affect him(?) (a wound), TTebe 3490 (`he did not deign to show it', cf. next). gan rún . . . do léigean ré n-a mhnaoi to divulge, Keat. ii 5260.

(k) With I: oc cuinchid a lleicthe issa tech, LU 6965 . in nathir rotguid dimm a llecud i Pardus, MacCarthy 54.24 . gan iad do leigion a bhfaillíth go brách not to neglect them, Párl. na mB. 791 . gan faill do légadh isind iomshuidhe, Hugh Roe² 328.z (fo. 81a) .

(l) With ĪAR: bleogan na n-earc . . . do lēcad īarsan abaind co hUltu, Ériu ii 22.19 .

(m) With LA: ro faem drem dib a lecad leó `to permit them to accompany them', Grail 339 . rogaidh-sim Sir G. ima lecadh leis ce[ch] conair no dhighsedh, RC x 185.11 . do íarr ar C.C. a bendacht do lecen les to send his blessing with him, BCC 234.21 (§ 233) . a uille do lēicen leiss to rest his elbow on it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . Act of forgiving; conceding to: mo sbreagadh fa char id cheann / fearr dhamh iná [a] leagan liom `better for me chastisement for opposing Thee than indulgence', Dán Dé xxiii 13 . gan a pheacaidh do leicin leis, ITS xxix 149.23 . moran na peaccadh do legan let, Smaointe B. Chr. 1885 . cech dail ima raibi F. do lecad les `was conceded', Ann. Conn. 1255.15 .

(n) With ó relinquishes, allows to escape : in trian fil it láim . . . do lécud úait ra blíadain do Chonchobar, MU² 78. nocha n-uráilend dligedh ar in fechemuin toicheda in athgabail do lecin uada, Laws i 210.18 Comm . ro ghab curu umun flaithius do legadh uadh a cinn bliadna, D IV 2, 77rb13 . cach uili mhaith do leicin uadha ar son dímhainis a indtinne = amittuntur, ITS xxix 142.31 . as fair deisidh . . . a légadh úaidibh to allow them to escape, Hugh Roe² 184.23 (fo. 47a) . In more positive sense: Cormac . . . do lecud uadib da ḟiss cid bái sind áth to send C., TBC-LL¹ 705 . oca fhurail for Hiruath in mnai colaig do lécud uad to put away, PH 865. ? mo leigin uait d'éis a ndearnais / a Dhia Athar iongnadh liom, DDána 26.18 .

(o) With SECH: a legod seocu gen logh `to let it pass without a fee', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 n. 2 ( Laws iv 214.28 Comm .) (of water being drawn across another's land). dorigne C. .xl. fodail don tsrut . . . ┐ a leccan n-a min-srotaibh seacha, BB 7a7 . nír ghnáth leo a leigen seaca / a gcuid dar gceird fhileata to neglect, L. Cl. A. B. 163.25 . in triar is taire do lecon sech laim `the three worst are to be set aside', Laws iii 40.7 Comm .

(p) With TAR: do leicin na doininne tarrsib `to let the storm pass over them', Grail 3535 . ni coir duinn a dermad . . . no a lecen toraind to neglect, BCC 416.29 (§ 367) . ni da ligan torat lais gan ceartughadh, ITS xxix 133.17 .

(q) With TRE: tug si cloidemh . . . cuicci ┐ rob áil a ligen trithi budhein, ZCP vi 85.10 . nobithe tremsi ocaurcilliud ┐ oc legcud(e) usce trit `watering them' (crops), Mon. Tall. 156.10 .

III With adverbs, etc. o gabail rígi do Dauid co lleccadh na braite for culu till after the release from captivity, BB 6b39 . F. do lecad amach do Gallaib `was released', Ann. Conn. 1232.12 . in bantrocht da lecud immach do ṡaigid in meic to send out, TBC-LL¹ 1357 . lá a leicthe amach `to get rid of my sins', Aithd. D. 98.24 . cret tái cen t'anál do lécud immach anossa?, PH 8134 . a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . a sheile do lēigean síos to swallow, Parrth. Anma 3049 . sgath (sgaith, v.l.) m'uaille níor fhulair dhamh / do leigean síos ré séanadh `I must humble', Dán Dé xxii 6 . madh cead lé mo leigin suas `let me ascend', Aithd. D. 97.8 .