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anad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anad or dil.ie/3265

 

n u, m. vn. of 1 anaid. IGT Verbs § 80 . See GOI § 849 .

(a) act of staying, stopping, remaining: do a.¤ dar téssi `to remain in thy stead', Wb. 31d13 . isin n-a.¤ gl. in otium, Ml. 35c9 . ferr lium indás a.¤ / scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367 . dogegaind a.¤ sunn for bicc ḟeraind, Trip.² 1273 . ar in séd ara-tám ne, is annso ata a anadh resting place, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.6 . bur n-anadh ag Áth Senaicch / galur gnath do Gaidhelaib your death at Áth S., Irish Texts ii 11.9 . go h-ionadh a h-anta to the place of its residence, ML 48.23 . seóid cáigh ní héidir dh'fanadh `man's wealth cannot last', Ériu ix 166.30 . a.¤ co waiting till: a.¤ co roisc bēim an cluig to wait till the bell has stopped ringing, ZCP vii 310 § 5 . a.¤ I N-: im a.¤ in Ephis, Wb. 27d19 . a na.¤ isin doiri `that they should remain in the Captivity', Ml. 131d11 . doarngert [int-aingel] bitha.¤ isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . a.¤ FRI act of waiting for: mad mac cunntabartach . . . is a.¤ fris no co tuca fine-guth ┐ fine-cruth ┐ fine-bes, Laws v 454.16 Comm. (or in sense (d)?). anadh ris an eiccen sin do ghenam, Cog. 214.22 . nir fhulaing doib a.¤ ris, TTebe 4866 . is emilt linde . . . a.¤ fri gach ní labras in duan, Fen. 46.18 . ? cen anid fris gl. suspendat, Ml. 27b16 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ). a.¤ AR act of agreeing to: a.¤ ar sám-chomadaibh sídha, MR 194.19 . a.¤ OC: ro geallsad anadh ac Mac Murchadha ┐ ac a tsíl go bráth to submit to(?), Expugn. Hib. § 8 .

(b) act of withstanding, resisting: ag aithne anta dá n-ógaib `exhorting their men to stand to it' (in the coming fight), Caithr. Thoirdh. 102.37 . ar n-aomad anta do na huaislib `the gentlemen being resolved to stand their ground', 114.2 . ic urail inn anta, CCath. 5965 . Hence of a military attribute: fer ro badh dearscaightech iocht ┐ eineach . . . anadh ┐ oirisiomh `steadiness', AFM vi 2350.2 . fear roba fearr troid, ┐ tachar . . . ionnsaighidh ┐ anadh, iii 468.6 .

(c) act of stopping, ceasing; stop, cessation . Freq. in phrase cen a.¤ : Aingil Dé . . . aridfetis cen a.¤ `without ceasing', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). ropo dóig lind cen a.¤ / noco bíad ar n-imscarad we always thought, LU 3969 ( SCC 45 ). secht sailm . . . a ngabāil sin gan anadh, ZCP xiii 10.1 . .x. c. torc uaithib gan a.¤ immediately(?), BB 269b22 . a.¤ DE desisting from, refraining from: a.¤ dind imguin, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). a.¤ d'innlāgad colla, ACL iii 311 ix 3 . a.¤ dom rith robāisi, 312 § 9 . a.¤ do molad Crist `(my advice is) to cease worshipping Christ', PH 2418 . a.¤ OC: tria a.¤ aice `through the week stopping at it' (Sunday), PH 3586 . act of desisting from: boeth da cach duine ar doman / a.¤ ica ádmoladh to cease to praise Him(?), LB 227 marg. sup. cen a.¤ oc aine, 151a39 . a.¤ ó refraining from, remaining away from: a.¤ o pecdaib, PH 3455 . geis dó anmhuin ó ḟaghail `desisting from foray', TD 19.9 . anadh ō Ifearnn, DDána 22.8 . A pause in metre: caide dethbir itir duain ┐ tririg . . . duan .i. da anadh inte, IT iii 105 § 209 .

(d) In Laws of the respite or period of stay during which a distrained article (see athgabáil) remained in the hands of the defendant (debtor), who in turn gave a `gell' as guarantee of later satisfaction of the claim. This seems to have been the procedure in the `athgabál iar fut' (distress with time). In the `athgabál tulla' (immediate distress) the article distrained was immediately transferred to the custody of the claimant instead of being left for its `anad' with the defendant (Plummer MS notes). See O'Don. Suppl., Laws i 208 . a.¤ cach athgabala iar fut isedh dithim cach athgabala taulla cen a.¤ itir, Laws i 210.28 .i. in re iarsambi in athgabail ar fut ar a.¤ i laim cintaig cin fogeltadh cin bleth cin lobadh do dul ina cenn, is e re iarsa teit fogeltadh ┐ bleth i cend na hathgabala tulla cen anadh itir . . . .i. bid anadh for cach athgabail bis iar fut oc cintach; is ditim . . . fo cetoir i cend na hathgabála tulla, 212.20 Comm. a.¤ cintaidh as edh dithim inbleoghain i.e. if the defaulter obtains a.¤ the relative immediately gives a `gell', O'D. 574 (H 3.17, c. 443). nocho néicin fasc na athghabhala ar ut do breith, óir a láimh in bidbuidh bís sí fri ré nanta, 616 (H 3.17, c. 459). The rules for a.¤ differed in cáin and urradus : nochon fuilit ree nanta re athgabala cána amuil ata re athgabala urradhuis, 621 (H 3.17, c. 461(2)-3).

aurradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurradus or dil.ie/5033
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: urradus

n u and o, m. (aurrae).

(a) native law . `The common law obtaining between members of the same `túath', oppd. to `cáin', a law imposed by a king (perhaps an over-king) or by the Church', Ériu xii 69 . See also Bürgschaft 75 n. a.¤ ( urradus ) ' current law' signifies the ordinary law current at the time of writing, whereas cáin 'book law' refers to the earlier state of affairs found in the commentaries of old law books Ériu lii 136 n. 39 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 . See cáin. fēich erradais liabilities within the kin, Cáin Ad. 40 . nac[h] tan . . . bīt[h]er cen rīg isnaib tūathaib is brāthcāi fognī[at] etorra .i. fria urradus , Corm. Y 144 . Cf. tigradus .i. tigurradus, 1230 . ni coirpdire cana na urraduis é, O'Curry 1443 ( H 3.18, 644b ). coirpdire deisi i nurradus no aen duine a canaid . . . cid ima ndebert sin? . . . uair ni haicinta coirpdire cana d'fognam i nurradus cein fogabar i nurradus in coirpdire, 650 (ib. 314 ). saire ar fiachaib ata sin i nurradus ┐ nocho nuil saire ar biadh i nurradus amail ata a cain; ise fath fodera sin ar teirce bidh urraduis ┐ ar imad bidh a cain, 695 (ib. 336 ). da secht cumala eisein no cethre secht cumala urradhuis, 995 (ib. 426a ). inund ropdach na narm ┐ ropdach na slibri i nurradhus . . . acht in deithbhir uil eturro is i cain ata injury by weapons and by animals count equal in native law, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b ). is mo cumal cana na cumal urraduis . . . nocha mo seoit cana ina seoit urraduis, O'Curry 1207 ( H 3.18, 482ab ). coirpdire cairde ind . . . eraic . . . urradais ind, 1005 (ib. 428a ). brethamnus urraduis imurro in tan na bí rí sundradhach isin crích judgment according to native law, O'D. 632 (H 3.17, c. 470).

(b) the state of being an `aurrae'; leadership, supremacy: ? is deora nech ina crich urraduis ┐ is urra neach ina crich deoraidheachta, O'Curry 2334 ( Eg. 88, 26(27)a ). hi tir nad bi urrathus duit in which you have no standing, 2026 (H 4.22, p. 52) = urrus, 468 (H 3.18, p. 246). cach urrudus co deoraidecht / cach deoraidecht co hurradus, ACL iii 227.56 . ca tír a ḟuil t'urradhus?, Anecd. i 34 § 71 . dligim a hurradus d'iarraidh, / bunadas diamair a dind (of Banba), Ériu x 76 § 3 . ní trén th'urradhus, BS 16 . ar Mhagh Luirg . . . / dá n-áirmhinn a urradhas his supremacy, DDána 82.32 . Ó Briain ga mbí ar n-urradhus who rules over us, IGT Decl. ex. 1038 . ní dar íribh nó ar ábhacht / d'urradhas nó dh'éadánacht `in assurance or timidity', TD 17.60 .

(c) suretyship; guaranty: antí théid a ráithiges nó a n-urrughas, Triads 39 § 139 . ni laimter arratas ar cin a leten `responsibility', BCrólige 34 . Aedh epscop . . . in urradhas mna do shaoradh, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . fúaslaicter di Mac Conglinne for errudus Picháin, MacCongl. 117.18 . gach dimain da leigfi rig (leg. ris?) beith a tír gan a cur ar urrudus without requiring him to find security(?), O'Curry 290 (H 3.18, p. 159). urradus .i. cin, 1478 (H 3.18, p. 654) `i.e. the liability of a surety', Plummer MS notes. cró ó inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar athathgabáil (sic), Ériu i 214.26 . ciniud sin do nach dlegar cis no cain . . . no ediri, no irradas . . . acht atitiu nama, Cog. 54.7 . biaidh misi a nurrudhas duit air, Gen. xliii 9 . má bhíonn tú a nurrugas ar do charaid if thou be surety, Proverbs vi 1 .

(d) Various: urramhas nachar dhluigh dhó / do chuir d'urradhas orra obliged them to show a respect (?) which was not his due, DDána 74.26 = IGT Decl. ex. 1026 . ? in cath ní heol nirradais, LL 276b32 = ní hórd i., SG 396.31 . ? clú . . . nó mórurradhnós (órnós v.l.) do bheith orm `reputation', ITS i 6.21 . Cf. lean d'urradhus ┐ d'éifeacht, MS. Mat. 565.24 . Perh. also with this meaning in: ar n-iomthus-ne ┐ ar n-urradhas, ML 112.27 .

biad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biad or dil.ie/5813

 

Forms: bíad, bíad, biith, biid, biud, biada, bíadh, biadhna, biadhann, biadandaib, biadh

n Early forms disyll. o, n., later m. GOI § 105. n s. (disyll.), IT i 78.2 (LMU 17). bíad nErend, LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). a s. bíad, Wb. 6b24 . g s. biith, 9b23 , biid, 29b13 . d s. biud, Thes. ii 335.29 . a pl. biada, Wb. 6c7 . bíadh, m., IGT Decl. § 76. n pl. biadhna, IT i 6.30 . g pl. biadhann, Rosa Angl. 22.1 . d pl. biadandaib, BB 241a50 .

(a) food: biad graece bia (βίος, ed.) .i. uita , Corm. Y 176. biadh gl. cibus, Ir. Gl. 477. b.¤ .i. sath, O'Mulc. 156. is airi ni b.¤ doratus dúib gl. non escam, Wb. 8c6 . inna ndig et a mb.¤ gl. in cibo, 27a24 . ní tormult far mbíad, 18a10 . brothchán as chóir duib ní b.¤ bes [so]nairt `not strong meat', 33c15 . rogíuil a mb.¤ inna mbragait, Ml. 98b8 . donaib biadaib somailsib, 64c21 . cía . . . as téchtae do dénum biid ríg ? Críth G. 553. ní do bíad dorochtamar it is not thy food we have come for, LU 5650 (TBC). in tan bá mithig tabairt biid dóib, 10585 ( IT i 137.13 ). ni doid a sáith do biud she did not eat her fill, LMU 17.2 . fa baltnugud in bíd ┐ in lenna, MU² 671. cen dig, cen b.¤ , MacCarthy 60.20 . (disyll.) ronbáe b.¤, ronbai tlacht, SR 1557. airchra bíid no etaig, 4064 . (monosyll.) nicharfail tlacht no dagbíad, 1560 . do luaig bíd i tír n-Egept, 3440 . do būar, do brat, do bīudh (: trīur, disyll.), ZCP v 23 § 28. aire .uii. n-ech do braich ┐ biud, Irish Texts i 35.32 ( LL 36986 ). fer fo lind leis ┐ fer fó bíud ? `butler and pantler' (Plummer MS. notes), LL 7672 (TBC). biadh ┐ bitaille leis `food and drink', Stair Erc. 1777. caitiat a mbiadu ? Lite doib uile . . . inund a mbiathu uile . . . gruitin, im nuadh . . . mil, Laws ii 148.20 Comm. atat dún tra biada brechtnaigt[h]i, Alex. 1007. biath na nGall, Ériu iii 140.21 . ecad .i. saith ēcca .i. biad n-ēcca .i. pisci perishable (?) food, O'Mulc. 355. gléasuigh sí a bíadh `provideth her meat', Proverbs vi 8. beatha gan bhiadh (i.e.) immortal life, DDána 19.8 . ní mhothaigh bél blas ar bhiúdh (: iúl), IGT Decl. ex. 1591. biadh bríoghmhar do dhíleághadh `solid food', Donlevy vii 1. fodder of animals: slan dona robaib . . . in b.¤ caithid, Laws iii 262.17 Comm. biadha . . . don asal (= cibaria . . . asino, Eccles. xxxiii 25 ), TSh. 1873.

In phr. arbar biid corn for food, fodder (as opp. to malt): di grán arbae biid, Críth G. 254. da chess lana do braich ┐ do arbur biid, Irish Texts i 35.31 .

(b) Legal refection, food(-rent) due from client to lord; food-levy, tribute of food (see ZCP xiv 336 and bíathad): meth mbid na flatha failure (to fulfil an obligation of supplying) food to the `flaith', ZCP xviii 405.6 . cach mb.¤ cuna dilsi, Laws ii 234.13 ( ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ). i[s] saer iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.19 Comm. airligud bid dia tecmai daim i n-agoi a erco (one of the seven `borrowings' that may involve honour-price if not repaid in time), v 372.14 . bīadh ūathaib gacha rāithe, ZCP viii 16 § 4. do chísaib ┐ do bhiathaib Laigen and so `refections', Leb. Cert. 216.15 . nochaḟuil saoire ar biadh i n-urradus amail ata a cain. Ocus is uime ata sin, tusca biadh i n-urradus na biadh cana, Cóic Con. 66. 17 . See aurradus, céilsine.

Compds. With nouns. bidhcheardcha (`leg. biadh-ch. lit. food-forge ', ed.) `a tavern or tipling house', Eg. Gl. 726. gaphann (henbane) .i. bīad-guin .i. bīad gonus amal gāi, O'Mulc. 613. biadogam .i. bairgen, leamnacht etc., `Food Ogham,' Auraic. 5805. With adj. a fhlaith Bréifne biadhbhuige `food-lavish land', Magauran 843 .

bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

 

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus , 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

comaititiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaititiu or dil.ie/10702

 

n (aititiu) lit. mutual acknowledgement : comaitidiugh a ndlestina, O'Curry 1749 ( 23 Q 6, 33 a ). c.¤ athgabala i n-urradus , Laws ii 116.x Comm. c.¤ co raibe in tachtughadh etc., O'D. 1603 ( H 5.15, 11a ).

In phr. i comaititin with the agreement of, with the acquiescence of: slán do na conaib in gal conda do niad a comaititin a da fiadad `with the cognizance of both their owners', Laws iii 192.11 Comm. a comaititin in comaithchi, iv 48.18 Comm. o bias in turrad a comaititin gnimraid risin deoraid, O'Curry 317 ( H 3.18, 174b ). ar comdeitin fa tri .i. bi ina comaititin re ré trir, 416b ( 229a ).

Attrib. g s acknowledged, recognized : mac lanamnais comaititen the offspring of a connexion acknowledged by both parties, O'Dav. 912 . fuidre bith-comaideadan cis, Laws v 480.15 . is aenach cuirmthech comaititin hi it is as in the case of a recognized fair-green or alehouse, iii 532.21 Comm. = aenach, cuirmtech comaitiudh, O'Curry 1695 ( 23 Q 6, 14 a ). Cf. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green', Laws v 484.3 (in a list of things to which everyone has a right of access).

comurradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comurradus or dil.ie/11949

 

n (airradus) `equal status in ` urradus ' law', Plummer MS. notes: isin comurrudhus cetna, O'D. 758 ( H 3.17, 546 ) = O'D. 2457 ( Rawl. B 506 62d ). fer comhurradhais dun righ, 2307 ( Rawl. B 506, 30d ). im ná bí giall, na comhurradhus, Ériu xiii 13.24 .

fo-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gní or dil.ie/22781
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fognad, fognid, fognat, fongni, -fognai, fongniat, -fognat, fogníth, fogníd, -fognad, -fogna, fognem, fogneith, -fognad, fungensa, fogéna, foruigéni, foruigenai, forrogéna, -forgeni, -forgein, -forgeni, -forgénsam, foruigensid, foruigensat, fosrugensat, fosrugensatar, foruigénair, -forgenair, fogníther, gníter, fognífe, fom-gnifet, fognifet, fog(a)n-, ognaid, foghnuidh, -ḟognand, foighéanaidh, ḟógnais, ḟogain, ḟogainset, ḟoghainset, fegfognad, fognaigther, fognaighter

v O. Ir. forms: ipv. 3 s. fognad, Wb. 20b11 . 2 pl. fognid, 3b28 . 3 pl. fognat, AM 14.105 . ind. pres. 3 s. amal fongni , 12a12 . -fognai, Laws i 228.16 . 3 pl. fongniat, Ml. 112b4 . -fognat, Sg. 203a17 . imperf. 3 s. fogníth, LU 6433 . fogníd, Mon. Tall. § 12 . -fognad, Hy ii 6 . subj. pres. 3 s. -fogna, Wb. 12a12 . 1 pl. fognem, Wb. 5d19 . 2 pl. fogneith, 20a11 . past 3 s. -fognad, Trip. 16.26 (207) . fut. 1 s. lasse fungensa , Ml. 78d2 . 3 s. fogéna, Sg. 198a19 . perf. 3 s. foruigéni, Wb. 13b7 . foruigenai, Trip. 16.20 ( -génai, Trip.² 202 . Cf. forrogéna .i. do fhoghain, O'Cl.). -forgeni, Ml. 44c9 . -forgein (leg. -forgeni), Mon. Tall. § 80 . 1 pl. -forgénsam, Wb. 3c15 . 2 pl. foruigensid, 3b28 . 3 pl. foruigensat, 1b22 . fosrugensat, SR 3690 . fosrugensatar, 5251 . Dep. 3 s. foruigénair, Trip. 16.26 (208) . -forgenair ZCP iii 248 n. 18 .

Pass. pres. s. fogníther, Wb. 27b9 . pl. amal fon gníter , ib.

Vn. fognam, q.v.

Later forms: fut. 3 s. fognífe, Trip. 70.10 (746) . pl. fom-gnifet, SR 852 . fognifet, BB 278a37 (= fogenaid, 129a18 ). Commonly in Mid. Ir. the verb is treated as a weak simplex, with stem fog(a)n-. Cf. fogniat .i. ..., fognait ... fogniter .i. fognaither doib, Laws v 96. 14 - 15 . pres. 3 s. ognaid, IGT 111 ex. 396 . foghnuidh, Proverbs xvii 22 . -ḟognand, LL 145b40 . fut. 3 s. foighéanaidh, TD 9.54 . pret. - perf. 2 s. ro ḟógnais PH 8244 . 3 ro ḟogain , LU 270 . PH 4574 . pl. dia ra ḟogainset , PH 7085 . nir ḟoghainset , CCath. 1993 .

I In general sense serves, is of use

(a) serves, is subject to (a person), with acc. or DO: saer daer dagdana daig fogniat ┐ fogniter they serve and are served Laws v 96.10 . foruigénairsom .uíí. mbliadna fo bés na nEbraidi, Trip. 16.26 (208) . in ré foghnad while they are giving service (of oxen, cows, etc.) Laws iv 106.19 Comm. gaire cach fir fine fogne fine ina foltaib coiraib, iii 54.2 ( SM Facs. 52a ). óre as ṅdúil foruigensat nach dúlem it is the creature they have served, not the Creator Wb. 1b22 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib as idols are served, so service is rendered to riches 27b9 . fognad cach dialailiu, Wb. 20b11 . fomgnifet ind il-aiṅgil, SR 852 . ni fognai lam laim (.i. ni fognand lam ... do laim), Laws i 228.16 (legal maxim, `hand does not serve hand'). in dias aile, fosgniat mor di tuathaib, AU 624 = dia fognad, AFM 620 . tánic [Pledias = Palladius] co roḟogain do Dia i Fordun, LU 270 . co toimniudh cech ae ... dia bhfoghnad cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L. 144 . in Día día fegfognad (imperf.) LU 4316 = dia ndegḟognand, LL 145b 40 . Niall bus rí ... ┐ is dō foigēnat a brāthri, ZCP viii 304z . is dó fhoighentai ┐ foighenus in cenel-sa him both ye and this race shall serve Lism. L. 1837 . Cf. a gabail fodagniat, Laws iv 282.12 ( SM Facs. 4a2 ). olc an tigerna dar fhognumar, RC xiv 32 . tigernas diabuil dia rafhogainset anallana, PH 7085 . (fig.) fognad dúib ág is ernbas! may danger and destruction wait on you! Metr. Dinds. iii 90 . With DI of thing used: na fearanda dia fodnaidis (= which they tilled), Lec. 185vb10 (= BB 255a30 (fognaitis). is and is ben-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609 = fognaigther, 3086 . fogníatt dia n-airbert bioth they conform to their manner of life Hugh Roe 178y (f. 48a) . dia mbad choire órdaigi | co ndrolaib óir da fognann with rings (staves ?) of gold which it serves (i.e. by which it is moved? `with golden hooks to move it' MR 59 ) FDG 503 .

Cf. (of a shield:) inbaid fogníth ind oclaig [ = in t-oclach LL] fáeborchless di, LU 6433 = TBC-LL¹ 2579 (= in uair doriged a les in t-oglaech sin faeburcles do dhenamh dib, H 2.17 ). See II.

With transference of obj. renders service as equivalent for; renders, pays: mad in ceile bis daidbir, fogni lōg ina set (.i. .. do ni seic logh na set d'fognum) he renders the value of the `seds' in service Laws ii 340.1 . secht seotu ... fogniat enech (sic leg.), i 134.10 Comm . conidh iaramh foghnaid cis `they pay tribute' Leb. Cert. 110.19 = fogniat, BB 273a12 .

Cf. is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 (this may belong to II).

(b) of things, etc. with DO of pers., serves = is used (by): a [n]gnathbérla fogni do cach, ACL iii 247.23 . na tri chonnsuine dhég fhoghnus do luchd dénta an dána dírigh IGT, Introd. § 1 . popal iat da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine who were wont to employ CCath. 725 . conidh hī-sin ealada rofodhain doib ō sin amach, ZCP xii 291.36 . crú ... nár ḟoghain d'each that was never worn by a horse TD 29.27 . as ruamhar fognídh dia mhanc[h]aib (i.e. his monks used spades, not ploughs) BNnÉ 294§18 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh rosfoghain (sic MS.) di with the tools required for it Leb. Gab.(i) i 8 . do gach ni ro fhoighenadh do daoinibh ib. tuc ... bachall dó ┐ ... gach indstraimint eli do foigeonadh d'espog that a bishop would need BCC § 252 . nach catu forfogain doib a nErinn whatever honour was paid to them Laws i 46.18 . Absol. : atat .clv. bliadan and o roḟogain int argat sain since that money was current LL 361 marg. sup. ( Mart. Tall. 114 ). ni fognae a thelgadh noe is not in use Auraic. 1871 . Impers. pass.: ní haclaigh cia fognaighter innaib `nothing is demanded if service is obtained from them' (sc. impounded animals) Laws iv 106.17 Comm.

Cf. is timna Rechta rofoghnamh (rofoghnad v.l.) doibh it is the testament of the Law they used (i.e. followed) IT iii 202x .

(c) is of use to, avails, profits , with DO (and sometimes obj. NÍ). ni ro fogain tra ni do Moingḟind in chelg sin, RC xxiv 180 . do treced tigerna ... arna hetalaib ┐ arna buaib nar fogain doib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 (but ALC has here: ar na hédalaib tarla dhóibh ann sin mar nar ḟoghuin `as became them not'). athfuabairt Atha Luain ... acht nochor foghain doib, RC xviii 57.29 . tuc F. claidheamh leis ┐ nir fhodhuin dó it did not help him ITS xix 52 . nír ḟoghainset a n-urchair ... dóibh o hoin anunn then they could not make use of their casts (i.e. could not shoot their arrows, etc., they were so close together) CCath. 1993 . a rádh nach foghnann commaoine ... dona marbhaibh is of no use to TSh. 4332 . nar ḟoghain dóibh gan uisge d'faghail that they must needs procure water Ériu v 186.409 . olc do fhoghain dí ... tocht dí dá chobhair, Dán Dé ii 18 . foigheánaidh dáibh `it shall profit them' (of a course of action) TD 9.54 . inné nach foghnann duit duine ele dot breith ann sin? will it not do you to be carried there by some one else? BNnÉ 179.4 . ní fhognaim dhuit mar dhearbhráthair, PBocht 6 § 22 . Of medical treatment: don cuislinn, tuic curub doib so is mó foghnus `that it avails most for' Rosa Angl. 42.4 . Of attire, etc.: an t-edach nar foghain di, Duan. F. ii 332 . ní hé gach aonṡrian ḟoghnas don each, Studies 1933, 406 .

Absol. : slainti ┐ sirc[h]ennsa as edh ḟognus ann, ZCP viii 204 § 25 [is practised (?) Cf. d]. Med.: adeir G. na fognann cuisle sa cas sin, Rosa Angl. 42z . ni ro foghain it was of no avail RC xxxvii 346 § 24 . foghnuidh croidhe súgach amhuil leighios, Proverbs xvii 22 .

(d) With LA of pers. is used (by), passing into sense is practised (by), is the wont (of): forrugeine la Gaidelai flesc idaith domitte frissna collnai the G. used to employ a rod to measure corpses Corm. Y 606 (forugena LB). fidad inní forfogen la G. di tomus coland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 . cnoī bongar dia domnaich ní fogní leisim a cathim it is not his practice to eat Mon. Tall. § 13 (= nir ghnath leis ..., Rule of Tallaght § 62 ). isí figeld fodgníod la Duiblitir, Mon. Tall. § 33 (= as gnath le, Rule of Tallaght § 102 ). sailm ... ┐ biait fogníad madin la sochuidi `are used by some' Mon. Tall. § 5 . ainm do c[h]oire ... fognithe la hoes cerda. Is e ... cruth fogniad la haes cerda a caldron that was used by the poets. This is how they used it (leg. fogníd ? ) Corm. Y 141 .

Cf. nach tan ... bither cen rig isnaib tuathaib is brathcai fogni etorra .i. fria urradus , Corm. Y 144 = fogniad forru fri hu., Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 .

(e) with FRI serves with regard to = is construed with (a case, part of speech); for idiom cf. servit autem hoc uerbum fri tobarthid, Thes. ii 227.33 ( PCr. 59a2 ): fri áinsid fogní in briathar asberr intelligo the verb `intelligo' is construed with an accusative Sg. 149a4 . intain foṅgniat fri anmman when they are construed with nouns 220b9 . fri a cocenél fogéna, 198a19 . ni fognat fri a ngenitnesidi 203a17 . A similar construction is loosely used in follg.: is briathar ... `abco' ┐ is fria sidhe fogniat in trachturi ceill n-aile the commentators use it in another sense Hib. Min. 14. 466 .

II Through confusion of preverbs (cf. Ériu xiv 129 ) in Mid. Ir. period frequently used in deuterot. forms for do-gní: smirammair fogní C. do chnāmib, TBC-LL¹ 4624 = do rinne St. cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, 972 . is aire fogníd Medb sin, 697 (dogníd St). fogni atlaigthi buide do Dia, PH 6663 . and sin bhoghní C. ulcha smerthain fair, RC xv 63 . fogniat snáth do thusmhedh they cause fibre to be produced Marco P. 26 . gach osadh fogníodh Rónán robrisedh Suibhne, BS § 7 . fognítis [rognidis v.l.] gnímu garga, Metr. Dinds. iii 368 . gach cinel ciuil rob āl doib fógnitis fochétoir, Aisl. Tond. 117 § 2 . is a chumachta-side fonrignine cen mescai, LL 282b5 ( YBL 138a33 reads: fonrigmidne). ni ba sindadh no aoradh fogniset, ZCP vii 305.13 . bognítha guin gal[ann] de, CRR § 26 . Cf. O'Mulc. 830 , cited at end of I a above.

foltmaise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foltmaise or dil.ie/23173

 

n , f. (lit. hair-beauty, comeliness of hair), Plummer, Ériu ix 39 , would render tonsure, state of being tonsured (of clerics): O'Curry however (hence, prob., O'Donovan) MS Gl. takes the word to mean untonsured: gen gu rabad grada orro ... acht a mbeth ina foltmaisi `but their abiding in their hairbeauty, i.e. not tonsured' (`provided they have been tonsured' Plummer, Ériu l.c. ) Laws v 54.7 Comm. ni fil eneclann don airchindech laīch ... co rogab do lāim tiachtain fo dliged foltmaisi `until he has undertaken to submit to the law of tonsure' 122.12 Comm . leithdīre a [ar v.l.] foltmaissi clērech namā cen guin (i.e. for an insult to the clerical profession without actual injury ?), Cáin Ad. 36 .

Cf. is taisecha raghus sailmchedlaidh indti don gabail is a hae in folmaisi ┐ tuatu don gabail cedna, H 3.18, 436a (see Ériu ix 40 ). teit foltmaisi i cind chille itir chain ┐ urradus ┐ treabaid a ḟerand (opp. to `tuata' here) ib. ( O'Curry 1045 ).

1 forthus ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 forthus ? or dil.ie/23993

 

n f.¤ .i. baile ut est ... in caint do nacon fes ... f.¤ .i. baile aigi na urradus , O'Dav. 920 . Leg. forus ? Cf. fortus.

gin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gin or dil.ie/25866
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ginu

n u, m.

(a) a mouth : g s. in geno deeid (gl. securi oris), Ml. 82c5 . a ngena, 55a18 . d s. ho giun, Wb. 5d14 . i ngiun, 4d33 . tri giun (for a s.), Ml. 74d13 . i ngin, Thes. ii 357.19 ( Hy. vii 65 ). a s. tri a gin-som, Ml. 68c12 . a p. ginu (gl. ora), 88b10 . íar senad a gena co tánic rath in spirta naim fair, RC vi 165.1 . núall cech gena `the cry of every mouth,' Fél. Sept. 16 . cé betis secht tengtha | im gin ..., Ep. 126 . Cf. Aen. 1409 . sæthar ecnada 'na gin (giun v.l.) sāethar buirb 'na lāim, ACL iii 314 § 27 . diá tesorcain ar gin díabuil, RC xxi 378.16 . coscther a gin do golgaire, TTr. 1068 ( LL 231b32 ). a gin in fatha, PH 3660. BNnÉ 48 § 23 . bennachais P. iarum a gin, Laws i 8.10 . Anecd. ii 32 § 2 . no-labratís na demna tria n-a nginaib, PH 747 . i ngenaib na filed, Auraic. 1594 . amail donaircechain tria ginu na [prim faidhi], Laws i 16.7 . tar a ṅgena, PH 3771 . toimhlidh in loech ..., tara gin `swallows a man whole,' Marco P. § 107 . Cf. dar a chræs gin osluicthe, FB 37 (Eg.). sechtmad [screpaill] cach oen ngena do riagail r[i]u ... for every mouth [of grazing cattle], O'D. 1564 ( H 5.15, 3b ). Fig. suí ghena gusmair a scholar of vehement speech, ZCP xii 364.21 . ri rosáer ... do gin Balaim (i.e. from the [maledictory] utterance of B.), SR 7334 . gin .i. craes, Lec. Gl. 359. In phrase : a hoín-gin (giun) ; ó óinghin with one voice, unanimously : atbertatar amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059 . amail bidh a haenghin friscartsat, Marco P. § 31 . o oengin, Hib. Min. 71.28 . o oengen, RC xv 294.17 ( Dinds. 5 ). (ó) oen gein ┐ ó óin chridi, Lat. Lives 26.12 .

(b) hunger (?) : gin .i. ithe, O'Dav. 1025. (?) na hith, gemadh mor do gin | an tiascc do bhir go mbi fuar `though great be thy hunger (lit. mouth),' BNnÉ 82.11 .

(c) an opening ; a (mountain) pass : gin lócharne lethan the wide mouth of a lamp, Fél. Ap. 22 . tegdais gena na ṅglend (= domus oris vallium), PH 4600 . Cināed cinged gin nGabrūain ... the pass of Gabhrán (i.e. Belach G.), Bruchst. i 52 § 114 = AFM i 538.z .

Compds. ¤áil see ginól ; ¤chróes o, m. (in s. and pl.) gaping mouth : nó-ṡúigfed cid Érinn uli ina ghinchraes, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 13 (s.v. Coire Brecain). dar gincráes a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1025. LL 108a29 . comtar écnaig a ginchroes, TBC-I¹ 1943 . gomdar inecnaigh a ghincraeis, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . asreṅgsatar a ṅgin-chraesu, LL 237a49 ( TTr. 1517 ). rooslaicset a nguba ocus a nginchraesa, Fen. 114.23 . RC xiv 404.3 ; 422.20 . Cf. inchróes. ¤gob (a) mouth, muzzle (of animals) : a gingobaiph ┐ a heocurbelaibh na n-ech, CCath. 4957 . i ngiongobaibh a ngredh, Hugh Roe § 57 (28a) . (b) a point : tar gingob na sleighi, Acall. 4923 n . ¤tuillem (leg.) extravagance, prodigality : cinta comráite ┐ gintuillim liabilities arising from deliberation and prodigality (?), Laws iii 68.14 . inann fis urfogra ┐ fis gintuillmedh (leg. ¤tuillmea ?) a n-urradus knowledge of his having been proclaimed and of his prodigality are equivalent in customary law, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, f. 44 (45d) ).

lepaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lepaid or dil.ie/29968
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lepa, dental, leabaidh, leaba, leapthadh

n i, f. (leth + buith, Greene, Celtica ii 337 f. but see Éigse vii 260-61 ). Later also lepa with dental inflexion. In Mod. Ir. with pl. in -ach(a). leabaidh f., IGT Decl. § 189 , leaba f., § 4 (dental stem) (in both with g p. leapthadh, a form not attested by exx. for this word). Pl. in -ach(a) also recognised in IGT Decl. § 189 with the reservation .c. do chanamhain.

I In Laws as technical term harbourage, house-room (l.¤ is a very common metaphor for `protection', Críth G. p. 71 ): caide leabaid. Tír, teach, teine (i.e. sharing or being allowed to share another's land, house and fire), O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 192a ). l.¤ daltu, comaltu, fiur, mnaí . . . he is entitled to harbour his fosterson . . . , Críth G. 340 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d]lenat a lepthai cucai anall that the fines for harbouring them may not adhere to him, 362 . niss len lebaid ni hi (leg. indí) tossaig i n-aurlise i.e. they are not bound to shelter one who reaches their precinct(?), Ériu xvi 180 § 16 . mac huar . . . co n-oponar a lepaith ┐ a apuith, O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20b ), `i.e. a son in respect of whom his father has given notice that he is not to be sheltered', Plummer MS. notes. See ZCP xiii 23.13 . apa sceo leaba faonan comlaithe (?-thre) coir, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44a ) (`? "apa and "leba" alike constitute complicity', Plummer MS. notes). lepuidh lethe la cocur. Cumal ┐ leth in cinad for lepuidh fini, cid for lepuidh anfini isin mbiathadh iar ndénum cinad i cain, ┐ leth in cinad namá in urradus , O'D. 970 ( H 3.17, 679 ). direnar .i. nach duine direnar cin biid accradh inna apuidh, no a lepaidh, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, 251 ). ma ainfine ro be na gnais is lepa, ┐ ma fine is apa, ar is apa la fine ┐ leba la anfine, O'Curry 2548 ( Eg.88, 46a ). focrai n-aptha .i. foccrai leptha la apuid, O'Curry 808 ( H 3.18, 373b ). Plummer, MS. notes, suggests that this may mean that apad-sheltering is l.¤-sheltering which has been forbidden by express notice, but that would make apad-sheltering more serious than l.¤-sheltering which it is not. Granting l.¤ to a criminal or proscribed person makes the host liable to the payment of fíach leptha, i.e. the fine for harbouring. Certain people (king, briugu and higher(?) ecclesiastics) may harbour without incurring penalty unless they are aware that the person harboured has committed a crime. If they are so aware they incur a share of the penalty due for the crime and if they protect the criminal against the consequences of his crime they are liable to the full penalty for the crime. slan dno righ ┐ briugaid ┐ cealla a tuaith a meodhan on trath coraile. Ocus go fis fogla annsin, ┐ fiach forro o tsin amach ar biadh ┐ leba; ┐ lanfiach forra dia nosditnit, O'Curry 2566 ( Eg. 88, 47b ). This is probably also the meaning in: infíd . . . dóib Iṅcel C. do bith i ll.¤ ac Nemiud mac Srobcind, Ériu vi 148.26 . echtrannfaid felle for cach dind, connach ain l.¤ na luge, glossed: fellfaid cach for i[n]ti bias fora l.¤ , RC xxvi 40 § 206 . ni-s-fetam tra olc frisin ti ata it l.¤-si, PH 2221 (`under thy protection'). ná geibh tosach leaptha dhé / rett aes cumtha, Acall. 588.

Also with leptha (hardly pl. Perh. abstracted from phr. fíach leptha). `It seems that leptha and aptha denote degrees of responsibility for sheltering or otherwise aiding and abetting a tribeless man who has committed some offence, and that leptha denotes the graver and aptha the lighter responsibility', Gwynn, Ériu xiii 230 n . on: mesir leptha ar leth, mesir aptha ar trian, 41.31 . Cf. O'Curry 2548 ( Eg. 88, 46a ). isedh am is aptha ar trian doib fine in urruidh ar a taitt griun. Issedh is leptha ar leth imurro cach fine otha sin amach `"aptha-sheltering at a third" to them applies to the tribe of the native on whose land they are. But "leptha-sheltering at a half" applies to every tribe from that out', Laws ii 180.3 Comm . cumul ┐ leth an cina for lebtha n-ainfine isan mbiatha ria ndenam cina, ┐ da trian na cumaile ┐ trian an cina for lebtha fine isan mbiatha ria ndenam cina, O'Curry 2551 ( Eg. 88, 46a ).

By transf. of the host or harbourer: gabur de budein no dia lepud, ar bi taithidhech leptha n-urdalta, Laws i 190.21 Comm . cach cin dognither a cain dia mbeth di crich no teora cricha itir fine ┐ in biuba ┐ in tí bís og agra is lepta innsaigis for fine i suigiu. Mad iar na dilsiugh imorro, is lepa icas do gres after he has been proscribed it is his harbourer who pays, O'Curry 2554 ( Eg. 88, 46 - 7 ( 47 - 8 ) marg. sup.). ? nach foghlaidh . . . ┐ nach elodhthach . . . is ann a cin fora l.¤ ┐ a codh ┐ a cerchaill, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88 44a ). The `féchem toicheda' may proceed against the person who granted l.¤ to an offender if it is more convenient to do so than to proceed against the offender's own `fine': [masa] nesa fine na lebtha, ica fine lanfiach; . . . masa nesa leaptha na fine ┐ isé nesa uil ann an tan ata da crich no teora cricha eturru .i. itir an feithem toithe ┐ an fine ┐ ata lebtha a n-aon crich no isin crich is nesa, ica lebtha lan fiach amach, cidh lebtha fine cidh lebtha ainfine, O'Curry 2552 ( Eg. 88 46b ). If the `féchem toicheda' has levied the fine on the `fine' of the offender the `fine' is entitled to proceed for repayment against the person who granted l.¤ Presumably in this case the `fine' would have proscribed the offender before he committed the offence: masa biatha ria ndenam cina ┐ nesa fine na lebtha, ica fine lanfiach amach, ┐ toigbe cuici amuich, O'Curry 2551 (ibid.). An innocent person or one acting under compulsion is not liable to penalty: ni cintach leaptha eandacc omnach, na heicne, na hecnach nad ecumang . . . .i. noco tabar cin a dualgas a leaptha forsin droing seo, O'Curry 1882 ( 23 P 3, 21 ). The penalty may be incurred by merely feeding the outlaw: fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid, ZCP xv 360 § 45 n.2 . cisne tri biada na tuillead leaptha na hapta, cidbe ro caithe? Biad solloman; de sechtmaine; ni tidnaic deorad De, Laws v 438.14 .

II

(a) bed; cubicle, sleeping-apartment (cf. 2 imdae and imscing. It is not always possible to distinguish between the meanings bed and cubicle , but in Trip.² 537 , ML² 1077 , 739 and perhaps Laws v 326.15 Comm . the word may refer to an apartment; perh. also in phr. fer leptha and lín leptha gentleman of the bedchamber, etc.). lebaid .i. le-faid .i. faide nech (faidhnech, v.l.) lē, Corm. Y 841 . lebaid gl. lectus, Ir. Gl. 481 . duine nach ruidenn a nimill leptha, BCrólige 8 n.5 . in tan dobéra do chosa as do l.¤ , Trip.² 1783 . gairmthir . . . Pátraic dochum leptha ind ríg, 537 . dosrat fo óinbrott in óin l.¤ in lectulo, Lat. Lives 27.6 . a leptha ┐ a hachlasga ┐ a inada dorcha (places in a house where lost property is unlikely to be found), Laws v 326.15 Comm . i sslán líno leptha, Críth G. 57 (`for the safety of the bed [-carrying] party', Ériu xii 84.7 ). cen l.¤ aracuili liaig, Críth G. 55 (`against [providing the invalid with] a bed which a leech prohibits', Ériu xii 84.3 ). fo cosaib a leptha, Laws iv 74.x Comm . colba do lepthaib, LU 3686 ( SCC 33 ). lepad luithech do laechraid (of Alend), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.26 . bognisetar a n-araid cossair leptha úrluachra dóib, LL 10561 ( TBC-LL¹ 3586 ). dorigned l.¤ luchair leighis do Chailti, Acall. 7147. tucad . . . lāmh-arm gacha laích ina lebaid, ML² 1077. In names of ancient monuments; Leabaidh Dhiarmada . . . ┐ Ghráinne, Keat. ii 5061 . leapthacha na Féine, 5430 . See also Hog. Onom.

In phrases. feis leptha, see 2 feis. fer leptha ríg, name of a particular office or perh. merely favourite, confidant : fer lept[h]a ríg ūait co brāth, BColm. 68.11 (`a king's bed-fellow'). Cf. Acall. 7753. 3478 . galar na leptae, ALC ii 108.4 . galar na leaptha, 290.1 (where AFM 1536 has `fiabrus'). an ceathramhadh fiabhras, dá ngairthear continua .i. fiabhras leaptha, TSh. 7919 . leannán leaptha concubine, 5506 . tech leptha bedroom, sleeping-apartment : dofer fāilti fris ┐ tuc teg leaptha dō, ZCP xiv 147.2 . do cuiredh a tighib lept[h]a, ┐ [do fresdal]ad . . . iad, ML² 562 . i dtigh leaptha Luiceibhir, TSh. 6241 (verse).

i l.¤ in place of, instead of: i leaba a bhfaca riamh, Ó Bruad. iii 26.9 .

(b) Extended applications. The poet's cell : cid dorcha dam im l.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 110.1 . leaptha diamhra 'gar ndídean (i.e. against distractions), Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . berth (in a ship): ic corugud a leptha ┐ a liptiṅgi, LL 219a5 ( TTr. 139 ). an tibrad sibh leaba luinge don tí . . . , Acall. 3751 v.l. Fig. mo leabaidh luinge, DDána 30.25 . grave: úir lept[h]a Petair, BColm. 80.17 . a lec-sa leptha Gúaire, Ériu ii 164.21 . couch, form, nest (of animals and birds): leabaid in daim all[ta] gl. cubile, Ir. Gl. 858 . leaba mhíl mhuighe, DDána 75.7 . eoin is a leabtha ar a lár, Aithd. D. 9.7 . tre fuirired drochcota no drochleptha (cause of illness in a cow), O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 317 ). berth or mooring-station (of a ship): glúastir na loṅga da lepthaib, LL 231b12 ( TTr. 1053 ) See 1 lepthach. cavity, socket or sheath: topacht in grainne [n-óir] ass, ┐ ro lín a l.¤ isin deilgc, ZCP ii 135.26 . a leaba an uair do fhalmhaigh (a sword), RC xlix 169 § 8 . cael a laimhe a leabaidh ghlais (i.e. in a fetter), Irish Texts ii 88 § 11 . airge con anaithne . . . gonadh eadh do-nithar ria leaba leathair diagha (= d'iadad) ima suilib blinkers(?), O'Curry 2510 ( Eg.88, 41b ) ( Laws iii 416.11 Comm .). position, dwelling-place, resting-place(?): suidid fo glún Ch. . . . ┐ ba sí sin a l.¤ do grés iar sudiu that was his (rightful) position, station(?), LU 5207 (cf. Ériu xix 84 n.2 ). tar lebaid na sruthi soer across the noble dwelling-place of dignity(?), ZCP ii 225.x . dobeir goil fa bruach Berta / fuath a leabtha ag cnoib corcra, Irish Texts ii 67 § 34 . do tigh leabtha na crann corcra, 65 § 20. In religious context: lebaid in spiruta náeim (i.e. the body), PH 7731 . id pháirtse a leabaidh do ghlacadh to take his place in your favour, Hackett iv 3 .

1 séol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 séol or dil.ie/37186
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: seól

n o (OE segel, GOI p. 574 ) seól m., IGT Decl. § 75 . Poss. neut. in one or other sense (only in chevilles): seol ngle, Ériu xxi 155 § 38 ; seol mbil, § 40 ; seol ngorm, § 41 .

(a) a sail : séol gl. uelum, Sg. 14a15 . seol gl. carbasus, 70a13 . fernn siúil nó seól gl. artimone, Thes. i 498.32 . telcid sís na séolu, LU 6888 . co facca na corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11 . bātor seōlta tōgaibthe sealat aca sealat oile ag imramh, Fl. Earls 20.15 . níor fhéadadar a seóil do leathnughadh, Isaiah xxxiii 23 . do-chí laoidheang fa lán seóil | feadh radhairc ón iath aineóil, TD 20.30 . lán an tsiuil ga léibheann long, Aithd. D. 38.20 . fer siúil the lookout man : fear siuil do dhechsain ce hairead uathaibh go tír, BB 39a25 . Fig. go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas go sár-aibéil, TSh. 2389 . toigébhaid téda do chroinn | seól aigeanta d'aos mearbhaill `the strings of thy instrument will hoist the sail of courage for those that are bewildered', Studies 1919, 611 § 3 . tréigfead an réim do bhí romham-sa, | léigfead síos go mín mo sheolta, Hackett xxvi 10 .

Of a piece of material, a covering : cid atá etir na clarlestraib út . . . atá seolbrat and . . . frith in seol timmarcte etir na da chlárchiste, LU 182 . sīrechtach rosrethnaiged | a seōl ndobrōin for Ere `der Schleier der Trauer', Bruchst. i 47 § 105 . Of the veil in the Temple of Jerusalem: seól mór ... do dénum to make a great veil, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 189 § 40 . Of a bed-covering: at-chonnarc and imdae . . . s.¤ (seolbrat, v.l. See Gl.) n-airgdidi impe, BDD² 991 . an awning, tent : ro boi . . . a n-oinach sin . . . fo noi cétuib seol findanart `under nine hundred awnings of white sheets', Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Of battle-gear: s.¤ catha gu cléith orraibh | sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, IGT Decl. ex. 1132 .

(b) a bed, couch : séol .i. leabha, O'Cl. siul .i. imda, ut est fech sin ar siul tuas, O'Dav. 1426 . ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐ i n-airidhiu a seat of honour, 841 . con facca ní hinn ingin chuici ar crann siuil do as he was on the bed-stead, RC iii 344.1 . ní tharga Bresal . . . dá echtra co a sheol, SG ii 471.42 . ? To this in phr. ben siúil (cf. 2 séolad, séolae): a woman in childbed : iss i richt mná siúil | sedda Ulaid uli, LU 8357 ( FB 24 ). nert mna siúil ba h-ed no bíd la cech fer di Ultaib (of the ces noínden), LL 126a22 . fir athgaiti nó mna siuil, IT iii 193.23 . ar mna asiul, ar m-bæ ansiul `our women are pregnant, our kine barren', Hib. Min. 66.15 .

(c) a weaving implement, a loom : bacán siuil bainfighidh `the spinster's distaff', Mart. Don. 32.8 . ? To this: ní gabha ┐ ní ceard cóir, | . . . | ní figheach (fhighim, MS.) i seólaibh slinn, Hackett li 7 .

(d) course : luathred na conar conasecgaib ri seol ṅ-gáithe uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5057 . dos-bert s.¤ trom for a charpat he hastened his chariot, 2640 . tabair s.¤ étrom forsin carpat drive quietly, MU² 248 . co tarrla in tṡleg ina seol neme a mullach a hochta issin mnái, Acall. 7710 . acht narab seol gnius no gnimaiges fuithib, Laws iii 226.24 Comm . is diairimh tra in seolsa ana torcratar do laochaib . . . sund this progress? (i.e. the course of Troilus), TTr. 2220 ( LL 408a39 ). ro chansat ceól cen chorbra | for a s.¤ co sír-ṡolma, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.12 . ar in seol sin dhoibh seal daimsir `they continued so for some time', Rel. Celt. ii 202.13 . cidh nach léigidh linn ar seol | munab éidir inn d'aithcheodh, Content. viii 4 . amail canait ceól dia n-Athair | for seól bethad (of waves), ZCP v 496 § 2 . dola ar aenseol: imtusa Ruaidri o'tcuala na crecha ┐ na hechta-sin do denam do Mac Diarmata ┐ a dola ar aenseol rena dalta of his allying himself with his foster-son, Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . Freq. in chevilles: ni seol seim ni suairc soraid, SR 8086 . for seol sercc, 583 . ba seol fæthe, TBC-LL¹ 2374 . seol bind, LL 7b24 . ba seol suba, Anecd. i 57 § 57 . Fig. ni gael sidha an seol do-niad, Irish Texts iv 113.1 . mor seol nach degheol don droing | is eol do Cheneol Conuill, ii 15.41 .

(e) hence manner, way: o nar fetsat ni di forsin seol-sin, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . ó nachar édadh teacht uirre trésin seol sin by that device, O'Gr. Cat. 8.y . bliadan lain do ┐ si oca aithidig fon seol sin in that way, RC iii 344.8 . seol .i. bes no soailgis, ut est fo seol na haimsire i mbiat .i. fo cain no fo urradus , O'Dav. 1432 . ? Of behaviour: ba hingna[d] s.¤ na hingine, Acall. 6366 . means, expedient : ro bo maith in seol aimlesa allmaraigh in t-árdrígh `a good instrument to a foreigner's prejudice', Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.31 .

(f) metaph. Of music a strain (O'Brien, Ériu xi 169 , Études Celt. iii 362 suggests that there may be a separate word here, perh. a vn. of 1 seinnid modelled on céol but see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 244 ): ni céol side s.¤ fodgain, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ). sephain seol salmda os bla | ba ceol n-amra n-adamra, SR 6063 . canam a ceól rocansat | na sruithi, seōl rosonsat (`the course (?) which they have sounded forth'), Ériu ii 63 § 2 . co cloisind guth na n-én n-ingnad, | seól co subai, ZCP v 496 § 3 . seol roscadach gach ráithe | in ceol sostadach síthe, SG 347.16 .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤brat sail-cloth, a sail : as neimleiscce no tinoilfitis naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3737 . ¤bréit sail-canvas, a sail : do chuireadar a seól-bhréidi . . . anáird, Atlantis iv 168.7 . ¤chelg: ro suidhiughit . . . ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge they were arrayed in order in a treacherous ambush, Hugh Roe 226.5 (fo. 60a) . ¤chrand mast : sithidir seólcrand prímlui[n]gi móri, LU 6474 (TBC). isé dochoid sin séolcrand do descain na hErend, LL 12b12 . co tocbaitis na seolcraind, Cog. 156.x . ¤gnímaige activity, dexterity : re seol-ghnimhaighe a saer, MR 102.19 . ¤réim course : niór sguireadar don tseól-réim sin, Atlantis iv 168.13 . ¤shuidiugad: ag seolsuidhiughadh an ordanais placing the ordnance (for shooting), Hugh Roe 294.13 (fo. 77b) . ¤uchtach ? ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib, MR 112.12 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brecc: sruth na Sinna séol-brice of the speckled sails, Metr. Dinds. iii 274.60 . ¤chomarthach: do slegaib . . . seol-chomarthacha pennanted, MR 224.2 . ¤chrannach: an griangha . . . srianach saigheadach seolchrannach having ships (of a person), Ó Bruad. iii82. x . ¤dírech: ro haimsedh eissidhe go seóildireach d'urchor do pheilér `he was shot with a straight aim', AFM v 1802.3 . ¤gasta: fir Eirionn go seolghasta `in swift course', Duan. F. i 90.2 . ¤neimnech: ro léicc saithedha seoilneimhnecha saighdiúiridhe dá saighidh `fierce and energetic bands of soldiers', AFM vi 2224.2 .

tiugradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tiugradus or dil.ie/41002

 

n o, m. (tiugrad) responsibility of last person in whose possession or neighbourhood an object was; hence, offence of causing damage by negligence or of not interfering to avert it (cf. Thurneysen, ZCP xv 344 ): tigradus .i. tig-urradus .i. tigba gach ndēdenach. Is ē didiu is tigba ┐ is tigurradus .i. intī scarus frisin máin nō frisin aon fadeoid, Corm. Y 1230 . tigradus .i. rathus .i. cin deighinach in seoit téd i muga lat, H 3.18, 74 ( O'Curry 121 ) = O'Mulc. 863 . nis beir top tigradus, Thr. Ir. Gl. 43 s.v. top. tindell (? leg. dindell) tigradais do dochond remission of damages for negligence concerning a minor, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . tigradus cach sellaig (sic leg.) ar aice midenum .i. intan atci nech mil oc dul i nocus do chuithe ... ┐ ni foirind, H 3.18, 180b ( O'Curry 328 ). tigradus gach sellaig (sic leg.) .i. ere dedhen ba saighthe ar in cach bís ag seilledh in drochghnimra, H 3.17. col. 638 ( O'D. 888 ). tighradhus cach sellaig (sic leg.) .i. ma dethberius amuigh ┐ tall is slan, H 3.18, 259 ( O'Curry 513 ). ni len tigradus con seichill, H 3.18 338 ( O'Curry 701 ). secht nimana ... na tuillit fiacha na tighradhus fine payable for t. Laws v 136.6 . gus an sliab os an muir mas | fa ttanaicc a th.¤ [.i.] i tanaic a dedhen-chéim; `tiugh' deidhenach ┐ `rathus' cion .i. a cion deidheanach basaighteach, Leb. Gab.(i) 18.24 . tuirc thraethsad a thiúghradas, Leb. Cert. 196.7 .