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ad-daim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-daim or dil.ie/417
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atadomu, atmu, addoimim, -atmaisu, addaim, at[a]im, -ataim, atamaid, ataimet, atndaimet, -atamar, adaimter, atmaid, admha, atnóimed, addomed, atma, ma[d]-damut, a[d]-da(i)mthur, att maither, adrat(h)mae, madrodma, adrogma, adrodma, -ardama, rodmaiter, adrodmaitis, atom-didmae, adndidma, aideb, aitemha, -aidemtha, ademad, -atamar, atamur, addámir, atdámuir, atamatur, adrodamar, adro[da]marsu, -árdamarsu, adrodamair, -árdámar, -ardamair, atramair, adrodamnatar, adrodat, adrodat, -ardat, adrodmad, adrodamas, at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, aititiu, atmáil, atmaithe

v Indic. pres. 1 s. atadomu `I acknowledge thee', RC xxvi 52 § 289 . atmu, TBC-I¹ 409 . addoimim, Mon. Tall. 159.26 . 2 s. -atmaisu, Acr. 10d1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. addaim, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . at[a]im gl. confitetur, Ml. 42b26 . -ataim, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). With inf. pron. at naim, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440 - 1 , O'Curry 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)a ; atnoim .i. fulang, 2019 ( H 4.22, 37a ). 1 pl. atamaid, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 pl. ataimet, Ml. 131d16 . atndaimet (with inf. pron.), Críth G. 279 . Pass. sg. -atamar, Laws v 314.11 . adaimter, 284.30 . Ipv. 2 pl. atmaid, LU 4663 ( TBC-I¹ 201 ). Cf. 2 s. admha (from subj.), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 9 . ?Impf. 3 s. atnóimed, Metr. Dinds. i 6.16 (leg. addomed, Gloss.).

Subj. pres. 3 s. mani atma , ZCP xiv 382 § 46 ( Laws ii 308 ). slan dineoch adamae, O'Curry 66 (H. 3. 18, 24b). 3 pl. ma[d]-damut, ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). Pass. a[d]-da(i)mthur, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 (sic leg. xv 239 ). att maither, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Perfective. 3 s. adrat(h)mae, O'Curry 65 (H. 3. 18, 24a). madrodma, SM Facs. 19a ( Laws v 384.5 . ). Cf. adrogma, iv 104.24 , adrodma, O'Curry 25 (H. 3. 18, 11a). -ardama, Ériu xii 144.12 . Pass. pl. mad rodmaiter , Laws iv 212.2 . Impf. pass. pl. adrodmaitis, O'Curry 879 (H. 3. 18, 394a).

Fut. 2 s. atom-didmae, Fél. Ep. 494 . 3 s. adndidma, Imr. Brain § 51 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. with stem aitém-: 1 s. aideb, Leb. Gab.(i) 96.3 . 3 s. aitemha se, O'Curry 1447 (H. 3. 18, 646a). Condit. 2 s. -aidemtha, LB 141b12 . 3 s. ademad, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.14 .

Pret. 2 s. -atamar, SR 1406 . atamur, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 s. addámir, LU 10930 . atdámuir, 10954 . 3 pl. atamatur, TBC-I¹ 2920 . Perf. 1 s. adrodamar, Acr. 28a2 ( Thes. ii 9 ). 2 s. adro[da]marsu, 7a1 ( Thes. ii 3 ). -árdamarsu, 10c2 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. adrodamair, Trip.² 1714 . -árdámar, LU 10735 . -ardamair, 9171 . ? atramair, Leb. Gab.(i) 274.14 . 3 pl. adrodamnatar. O'Curry 69 (H. 3. 18, 25a) = Ériu i 214.6 . Pass. s. adrodat, ZCP viii 314.1 . The form atroat .i. aititnighit, O'Dav. 114 = 154 may be for adrodat (supra). Cf. also Laws i 156.26 Comm. -ardat, ZCP xv 320 § 13 . O'Dav. 1301 (see Ériu xii 200 ). adrodmad, Laws iv 100.8 Comm. (cf. O'Dav. 114 ). adrodamas .i. rodaimed, Auraic. 135 (adrodmus, v.l.).

From the mid. Ir. period on as simple verb at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, with fut. stem aitém- and s-pret.. See also aitit(n)igid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

Vn. aititiu, later atmáil. Part. atmaithe.

(a) acknowledges, admits, concedes, confesses: issamlid atadaimet cia chrechtnaigthi nathir mani eple de `they recog- nize them', gl. ei admovent (sic leg.), ut pangat, colubra; cum pupugerit, si de genere sit, uiuere, si non sit, mori, Sg. 181a5 . glé lim atom-didmae `that Thou wilt acknowledge me', Fél. Ep. 494 . adndidma F. mac n-dóu `F. will acknowledge him as his own', Imr. Brain § 51 . atndaimet do thoísiuch, Críth G. 279 `they acknowledge him as leader', notes. adtaimet immac do Etarscel they acknowledge him as son of E., Ériu vi 135.58 . uair atodaimet fir h-Erend úasaib ar allud. LU 8815 ( FB 61 ). secht n-aile . . . nad usa adrodmaither a ratha sureties for which are not easily agreed upon (?), Laws v 270.14 . —gaib it láim mo fáesom . . . —atmu, ol C., LU 4896 ( TBC-I¹ 409 ). atdaim nafoeige, SM Facs. 46a `one adopts what he does not disallow', Laws iii 8.y . ma'd-rodma fine, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). atamatur a moirseiser made the like avowal, TBC-I¹ 2920 . ní árdámar A. dó (i.e. the reason for his illness), LU 10735 (TE). ni ro-ataim in topur d'fagbail `did not confess that he had found the well', RC xxiv 198.11 . pennit dib linaib . . . conidatma nechdar de, Ériu vii 158.32 . admaim mo clodh d'O. I acknowledge ny defeat by O., Fier. 72 . admhuighis ríoghan na hAlban gurab í máthair Bhranduibh do rug Aodhán, Keat. ii 6358 . cia admhas m'anamsa accepts(?), Dán Dé iv 1 . gach duine . . . admhuigheas . . . teagasg . . . Iosa Críosd `professes', Donlevy 392.23 .

(b) consents to, accedes to, grants, allows: adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail ar Choirpre allowed P. to be taken captive, Trip.² 1714 . atdámuir Mongán fobith a énech granted (a request), LU 10954 . adrodamnatar Pátraic ┐ fir Érenn . . . a buith samla[id] agreed that it should be so, Ériu i 214.6 . co nach nadmadh nech a rādh / coimes (sic leg.) aigi is Crīst so that none need allow it to be said that he is in rivalry with C. (one of the reasons why man is not permitted to know the length of his life), ZCP vii 301 § 5 . atdamam pennait forainn we are prepared to do penance Lism. L. 2166 .

(c) avows, reveals, makes known; declares: atmam `we declare', ZCP viii 272 § 63 . ni fuighthear aoinneach . . . aiteumhus nach urusa . . . who will assert, MS. Mat. 575.21 . gach comaoin . . . aideomhaidh `will declare', PBocht 25.25 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir / an fedh do chóidh ó chígh chuain showed how far he had travelled, Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . addamhat combaoi fíon . . . leó, Hugh Roe 8.8 . sul do aidéumhadh ēinpheacadh dhīobh (of confessor who is entrusted with sins of others), Parrth. Anma 2932 . Cf. atmad .i. abradh, O'Dav. 12 .

airassa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airassa or dil.ie/1599

 

Forms: airis(s)a, urus(s)a, urus

adj (2 assa(e)). Also airis(s)a, urus(s)a, urus, etc. Cf. 1 usa. See Éigse ix 162 . (very) easy: cain airlicthe ni aurasu a coccaelad la Fene ┐ libru, Laws v 370.9 . nī hairisa ōn, Corm. Y 447 = hirasa, Corm. 16.30 . ni haurussa damsa . . . comrac fri banscáil, LU 6086 (TBC). nir bo irusa a ḟrithalim, TFerbe 304 . nipsa rochrúaid nipsa ro irusa, Tec. Corm. p. 16 n.12 . co nach urusae d'ainglib / breith a anma o demnaib, ZCP vii 310.z . erusa a cur de, O'Dav. 782 . dob' urusa linne óig . . . do chur leat-sa, ML 44.5 . ba hurussa a haltram, Ériu iv 22.5 . ní hobair urusu sin, 174 § 1 . ni horsa a thurium `it is not easy to reckon . . .', Cog. 60.19 . mar as urasa a thuigsin, Desid. 866 . 'na chéim urusa `to be an easy step', Studies 1919, 257 § 12 . urusa n-agallma easy (of access), affable, ZCP ii 336.12 . dob uras dūinn chomhrádh fada do dhénamh, Mac Aingil 434 . uras damh a dhéanamh soin, Arch. Hib. i 93 § iii . Perh. also: ni hord erosa: is rabeōda intī fil and it is no easy task, TBC-I¹ 2157 (or to be referred to airis?). Compar. connach airissa a caithiugud (leg. cairiugud?) oldas a molad, BCrólige 57 ( O'Dav. 475 ). do b'usa ina sin, ITS xix 60.14 . With DI: is aurusaide brethemnus fair iarum, O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 383a ). Adv. go hurasa (who utter oaths) lightly , Parrth. Anma 2333 . co hurusa, ITS xix 60.13 .

airmaisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmaisiu or dil.ie/2239

 

Forms: airmaisin, urmoissi, ormoisi, earmaisi, -ean, -eana, urmaisin, ormaisin, ermaisin, -ne

n, f. vn. of ar-midethar, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 578 . Also airmaisin. urmoissi, ormoisi, earmaisi f. (g s. -ean. n p. -eana), IGT Decl. § 143 . urmaisin, ormaisin, ermaisin f. (g s. and n p. -ne), § 144. Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of arriving at, hitting upon: is fuasnad dut menmain siu tuisled ho ermaissiu firinne trí mrechtrad na tintathach `to fail to reach the truth', Ml. 2d5 . rob urusa a urmaisi to perceive it, ACL iii 245 § 17 . duiligh tratha d'urmaisin difficult to distinguish the canonical hours, Anecd. ii 24 § 11 . ni raibhe . . . lucht conístáis ermaisi Hectoir ar febas na hersclaige `that could strike H.', LL 405a38 ( TTr.² 1099 ). ni bi duine . . . gan a fhod urdalta airchennta oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.23 . cin ermaisi slidhi without finding the way, Grail 1209 . With AR: d'úrmaisi uile ar aen chomairli, MR 314.15 . urmas ar Ch. to meet C., BNnÉ 137.14 .

(b) mental capacity, faculty: urmaisin maith do, da fétadh áiremh . . . a fine achievement, ZCP x 6 n.4 . is and sin dus-fanicc a n-urmaisi do cāch ┐ a n-irlabra, Grail 268 . ro boi sist cen labra cen ermasin, 2502 . urmaisi airig strength of mind befitting a noble, MR 192.2 .

2 aithigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithigid or dil.ie/2690

 

Forms: athaigid, aithige, athaige, athoighidh, aithighidh, athoighe, aithighe

vn. of 1 aithigid. Also athaigid, aithige, athaige. athoighidh aithighidh (guthaidhe leis orra, v.l., i.e. athoighe, aithighe?), IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of visiting, frequenting, resorting to: eglaise d'aithighe, ZCP viii 214. y . dilmainius aigthide (aigthige, MS) co cairdemail iter da rigda in Choimded, Todd Lect. vi 51 § 72 = aithigthi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS notes). dorsi athaigthi access-doors, LB 154a37 . gan athaighe gan iomadhall (of a road), AFM vi 2222.27 . ro b'urusa . . . Ere d'imluadh ┐ d'aithighid, MR 102.14 . With obj. gen.: athigid na tened co menic going close to, BDD² 1221 . do aithidhigh in deissi `to visit the tenantry', Mon. Tall. 156.30 (§ 71) . eoin . . . batar oc athigid Chairpri, LL 22111 . mo Dūilem dom thaithigi / . . . / mo menma dia aithigi `my mind to go out to Him', Ériu ii 56 § 12 . si oca aithidig fon seol sin visiting him during that time, RC iii 344.8 . do thréicis tige nóla / ar aithighe altóra, SG 58.37 . With AR: tré gan aithidhe do dhéanamh ar ṡeinscríbhnibh through not consulting, Keat. ii 6170 . With co: ro būi C. . . . ag a.¤ sair co a muintir, Corm. Y 883 (Anecd. iv 75.y). fri athigid chucumsa `for visiting me', RC xxv 26 § 9 . uair na fil athaigid chucaib no uaib, Alex. 962 = athaigi na tathaigi, BB 499a21 . ma ta aithidhe uatha ┐ cuctha, O'Curry 2380 ( Eg. 88, f. 29(30)d ). With DOCHUM: batar oc athigid dochum C., LL 22114 . With I N-: hic aithigid 'na ōentech, ZCP viii 262 § 8 . an ród . . . 'na mbí triall ┐ aithighe iomad bó, TSh. 10746 .

(b) In a few exx. perh. occupying: dogni E. . . . tech immon tiprait . . . ┐ oen ben ocá hathigid one woman inhabiting it, LU 2955 . do bhádaragaithidhe na tulcha feadh ráithe `occupying' (of herdsmen), Keat. i 124.5 .

(c) practising, observing: ic athaigid trath, Anecd. ii 25 § 9 . ataidhe na trath, ZCP iii 33.8 = tathaighe, BNnÉ 310 . ō aithighidh arm, ML² 1734 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal / tre aithighidh na n-olc mbuan, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . ar a.¤ in use: nós . . . ar aithidhe prevalent custom, Keat. i 10.6 . beusa . . . na nGreugach . . . a bhfaghāil ar aithidhe ag a sliocht d'á n-éis, 236.5 go bhfuilid [focail na Gaedhilge] ar aithidhe i measc na Fraingcise, ii 973 .

anaithnid, anaichnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaithnid, anaichnid or dil.ie/3331

 

Forms: anaichenta, anaichinta, anaichinti, anaitinte

adj i (2 aithne). Pl. anaichenta, CCath. 3836 . anaichinta, 6105 . anaichinti, 826 . anaitinte, Marco P. 25 . unknown, strange, unfamiliar, unheard of: anaithnidh, doḟaisneis `unspeakable', Eg. Gl. 52 . anaithnidh .i. droch aithneach ┐ fós duine ar nach bí aithne, O'Cl. Of persons: fer anmin mór úathmar anaichnid in t-Ingcél `uncouth', BDD 44 . triar n-úathmar n-anachnid i n-airinuch na buidni, MU² 604 . cosin soerslúag n-anaichne[i]d (: treib), SR 4750 . óic anaichnid, LU 10158 . fri cech n-oen eter aichnid ┐ anaichnid, LL 217b25 ( TTr. 51 ). drong d'Albanchoibh anaiteanta, AFM v 1788.19 . risna dainib . . . anaichindti, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . cét-riastarda im Choinculaind co n-derna úathbásach . . . n-ingantach n-anachnid de (anaithnidh, St.) unrecognizable , TBC-LL¹ 2590 . tir fir anaithnig, Laws v 238.21 = anaithne, 240.19 Comm. (see 1 anaithne). Of a place: indsaigid in tire anaichnid, TTebe 248 . do sirt[h]ain . . . na crich n-ectrann n-anaichnidh, CCath. 3856 . nogo rainic indsi ālaind anaithnigh, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . is na hiathaib anaithintaib, Grail 3692 . tar in muir n-uair n-a.¤ , SG 344.5 . Various: do dhelbaib en . . . n-anaichentae n-ingantach, CCath. 4707 . erge con anaithnig strange dog(?), Laws iii 416.6 Comm. torothair ingnathcha anachinti, LL 219b41 ( TTr. 197 ). mormor d'ingantaib anaithnigh, Grail 4031 . ar intech nanaichnid against an unknown way, LU 1181 . renna anaichinta, CCath. 826 . galar anaichnigh, RC xvii 386.1 (Tig.). fuaradar bás a.¤ , SG 210.10 . aidedha ecnecha anaichinta, CCath. 6105 . re h-imad . . . finnfaid . . . fhadbscailti an-aichnid, MR 240.3 . clú an áir anaithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 835 . amus anaithchnidh do thabhairt for comharba Ailbhe `unusual', AFM ii 1016.16 . allgotha adhuathmara an ordanáis anaithnidh foreign, v 1734.1 . fa gníomh uathmar anaichnid, Ériu i 32.248 .

In predic. use unknown: Cnú deróil a ainm in ḟir / a n-Eirinn nír' anaithnidh, Acall. 632 ( SG 108.8 ). cear b'ingnad ciar b'anaichnid, LL 375b17 . is a.¤ do is unknown to: is anaichnidh do muintir Cesair . . . teiched, CCath. 3563 . drem dīb dan anaithnigh, drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216.7 . cus-in popul ṅgentlide ro-pa anaichnid do Dia anallana céin ro-bui ic adrad idal whom God did not recognize, PH 5287 .

As subst.: ro b'urusa d'á h-aithnidh ┐ d'á hanaithnidh Ere d'imluadh, MR 102.14 . In name of a type of metre: druimní suithe annso ┐ atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, IT iii 96 § 150 . is e so in tanaichnídh dona druimnibh suithibh, § 151. incípít dona hanaichintibh, 95 § 148 .

atúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atúd or dil.ie/4970

 

Forms: ataidi, (f)adádh, (f)adódh, (f)adúdh

n ? g s. ataidi, Laws iii 264.17 Comm. Vn. of ad-daí. (f)adádh, (f)adódh, (f)adúdh, IGT Verbs § 64 . act of kindling, lighting: oc a.¤ tened, BDD² 488 . tene do ḟatóg, Ériu iii 141.194 . ba hadud n-aird-grise fo fidnaig, Anecd. ii 48.y . ag fodógh ┐ ag fritheóladh na tinneadh sin riu, ZCP iv 422.13 . ar adhnudh ┐ ar fhadudh `kindled and set on fire', vi 26.11 . loscid in tene in crand úr / o fageib a ardda.¤ , LL 19321 . atá teine ar nach téid smál / i mbrugh ifrinn ar adádh, TSh. 6239 . adúdh .i. teine chreasa `a circle-fire', O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 651 .

Freq. in fig. sense of emotions, quarrels, etc.: ag fadádh is tigh fam thuinn / iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 . fatud . . . deṡerce, Lism. L. 592 . lucht na himreasna d'ḟadúdh, TD 18.20 . fadódh fírḟeirge, 16.13 . adudh do chor i ccoiccill an choccaidh, AFM v 1792.17 . do ghnaoi a fionnmhaicne is fadógh `she is the renewal of her fair race's glory', Magauran 4176 . ? tidnucul atai in glefisa, Laws i 36.28 Comm. caindell atai in gléfisa, 29 Comm. glossing tidnacul cluaise diaraile (one of the ways of transmitting oral learning).

With FO: cuisle an gráidh ag fadódh faei, IGT Verbs ex. 529 . dfadógh fa shúilibh a ghlóire, Isaiah iii 8 (`to provoke the eyes of').

In proverbial sayings. Of a hopeless undertaking: tigedhas . . . gan mnáoi . . . as adudh re hénoires trying to light a fire with a single faggot, BS 36 (54.24) . ba hatod ri hoen-tenid, Metr. Dinds. iv 52.146 . Prob. also in: bid atōd fri hairis (Fer D. to Cú Chulaind) (or you will be an easy prey?), TBC-I¹ 2621 . ná séid aoibhil gan ḟadúdh = do not flog a dead horse, Content. xxii 27 . gríos is urusa d'fhadódh (: clódh), Studies 1924, 88 § 25 .

cin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cin or dil.ie/9104

 

Forms: cinnta, cionaidh, c., c., ceana, cion

n t, m., GOI p. 206 . For n p. cinnta, Ml. 62d5 see ib. 205 . n s. also cionaidh, Ériu xiii 30.18 . a s. gan a cen, ZCP x 49.1 . d s. lán do chen, Rel. Celt. ii 206.z . c.¤ f. (dental infl.), IGT Decl. § 4 adding acht na ceananna; comair na gcenann is noted ceart do chanamain, ex. 247 while co centaibh is prohibited, ex. 246 . c.¤ m. (g s., n p., ceana), § 71 . Latter inflection v. freq. in later language. ? g p. cion, Content. xiv 18 (unrhymed).

I Guilt, fault, crime : ni nach c.¤ aile `it is not any other fault', Wb. 19d26 . brithemnacht forsin c.¤ -sa, 9b10 . ní fil ci[nta] doib fri Saul gl. culpae . . . conscii, Ml. 30b2 . na bad eola inar cintaib, gl. conpati infirmitatibus, Wb. 33b21 . is ái in c.¤ `his is the crime', Sg. 203a18 . it móra mo chinaid `great are my crimes', Fél. Ep. 387 . i cóictidi doluigdís cinaith la hóes rechtgae, Hib. Min. 26.x . cen fīach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . bec in c.¤ tria chaingne chon, Sc.M² 21b . din chutrumma chinad noslenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ní ba c.¤ ṁbreithe in chlaidib beithir dí her crime in bringing the sword, TBFr. 248 (where c.¤ a s. ?, cf. v.l. p. 20). nībbōi c.¤ nombeith dóib, TBC-I¹ 2907 . olc in cosc cinad romchrín (Eve speaks) punishment for sin, Ériu iii 148 § 2 (`the wicked advice'). fiarfaighidh damh créad mo chion the charge against me, Magauran 856 . toil na gciontadh love of sin, Dán Dé xviii 10 . cealg ar gcionadh, DDána 12.4 . bean chúitigheas ar gceana (of Mary), 7.32 . maor measta ar gcean (Archangel Michael), PBocht 2.39 . sein-eol an cheana `the old way of sin', Dán Dé xxi 16 . marbh ó bhar gceanaibh ┐ ó bhar bpeacaidhibh mortui delictis et peccatis, TSh. 1192 .

Attrib. gen.: m'fhear cionadh enemy , DDána 101.52 . im intinn cheana sinful mind, Aithd. D. 92.21 . ní ro-theacht Ísu nach ṅgaile chinad do pecud any stain of the guilt of sin, PH 4826 . dáil cheana occasion of sin, DDána 10.34 . With follg. gen.: co . . . foltaib fíraib . . . cintaib laíme `for crimes of hand', Tec. Corm. 2.24 . silliud súla, cintaib bél, 26 . cin laime, cin coise, c.¤ tengad, c.¤ bel, c.¤ sula, Laws i 238.10 . cin leagha, IGT Decl. ex. 1138 . Prov. gach ciontaigh a chion, Celtica i 103.507 . In cheville: cid lór do chion, BS 68.7 .

Of specific sins, crimes: cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . cin na hecni sin of violence, PH 7537 . cion an fhormaid, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . cion an fhuatha, 38 . cion na sainte, 37 . cen duine do marbhadh ina cintaib comraiti `intentional crimes', Laws i 14.8 Comm. cionta comhraite .i. cionta as a riocht, O'Cl. Of sexual sin: c.¤ do epscop Mél fria fiair, Trip.² 980 . connach fedar-sa c.¤ ó ḟir eli ó ro imig sin (Penelope), Mer. Uil.2 238. go ngébhadh Oigh toircheas gan chion fir, Carswell 114.19 . Med.: foillsigid . . . cionta na nae vitia hepatis, 23 K 42, 125.13 .

II In phrases. Preceded by prep.: ferr duit nech aile ar na cintaibh at fault, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . cen chinta friu-som gl. gratis inimicitias eius patior, Ml. 142b5 . cen cinta `without offence', 74a1 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech gl. sine causa, 54d16 . lucht céssais cen chinaid `crimeless folk', Fél. Jan. 17 . in fíren do crochadh cen cinaid, PH 2933 . N . . . . [do marbad] . . . cin chuis cin cinaid, Ann. Conn. 1306.11 . do-rocair . . . / do laimh Cethirn go cciontaibh in return(?), TBC St. 3740 . Ruad mac Baduirn ba d'Ultaib / nuall cach glanuill co cintaib, LL 2589 . co cinaidh, Leb. Cert. 206.9 . di chinaid, prep. phrase with gen.: tuccus doibhsion da chionaid / ionad i ccoraidh mo tempuill in return, BNnÉ 175.3 . ? Cf. do chinaib cuna / guin fiachglanta, YBL 179b12 = BB 259b1 . i cin(aid), i cintaib with gen. or Vn. phrase in revenge, atonement for: cim[b]ith i cinaid .u.ir `a captive for every five persons concerned' (of penalty for breach of a king's protection), Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . i ccinaid a m[e]ic `in atonement for the liability of his son', ibid. a cinta oirccne `on account of injury done', Mon. Tall. 155.29 . a mmbarbad ar Fíanna Fáil / i cinaid marbtha Dubáin, LL 29354 . hi cinta ind fergoirt do milliud, LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). 'n-a chion féin `through its own fault', Magauran 3724 . Similarly tré chin(aid), chinta: tré ch.¤ drochmna, IT i 75.6 ( LMU 13 ). ronlaad a Parthus tria china[i]d imarbois (said by Adam to Eve), MacCarthy 60.23 . tré chenaib in popuil, Caithr. Thoirdh. 4.15 . With follg. prep.: cen chinaid for mnāi / do réir dligid Dé `do not hold a woman liable', KMMisc. 272.1 . ní mó . . . a c.¤ frib . . . indás na tucsaid úadib, LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). ni fetur-sa c.¤ dam frit `I know of no wrong I have done thee', Grail 2109 . ní fhoil cion riomsa ag R. R. has nothing to complain of against me, Aithd. D. 48.16 .

Other phrases: do-gní cin(aid) fri offends against: na cinta aili do niat na daíne risin ferann, Laws iv 140.19 Comm. re ghnuis nderg go ndentar c.¤ `till some charge is brought against his blushing face'(?), Magauran 2997 . With cuirid: dá mbeinn dod chur i gciontaibh if I were to accuse you, DDána 88.22 . cionnta go gcuire ar do ghaoltaibh, Aithd. D. 26.16 . ? Cf. nī mō leis (= le Dīa) blāth droigin duibh / ┐ cāch do chur 'na ch.¤ / . . . inā duille da chor d'fidh taking everybody into account(?), ZCP vi 269 § 13 .

As quasi-vn.: ēside o[c] cinaith frit-sa, ACL iii 295 § 21 `that itself is what's sinning against you,' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 104 .

III

(a) In legal contexts offence, crime, etc. for which the doer is answerable at law, hence with meaning liability, guilt, incurred penalty, etc.: focerdar c.¤ co fergac `liability is attached to the angry man', BDC 25 . imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir (of duties of `flaith'), Críth G. 339 `in regard to liabilities arising from contract?' (Notes). .vii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid `whose liabilities are not atoned for', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . óthá suidiu hícad cách cinaid a c[h]laid `the liability of his ditch', 72 § 14 . a ḟrepaid ó ḟi[u]r chinad guilty party, Críth G. 60 . c.¤ comḟocuis responsibility for a relative or legal connection: c.¤ cach comfoguis for araile `liability of each kinsman upon the other' (as with éiric), Laws i 262.16 . imtha fri cion comfocuis `it is likewise with liability of kindred', Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 145 , glossed is amlaid sin atait re hic cinta comfocuis, amail comruinnit in dibad is amlaid comruinnid (ícaid, v.l.) in cinaid. cion comhgais, cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric nó i n-eineaclainn an loit . . . doghní neach . . . d'á charaid nó d'á chineadh, Keat. i 68.47 . is mo sidhe do ch.¤ `thy liability . . . is greater than (the value of) this (sword)', IT iii 201 § 75 . Cf. berid-si lib ina c.¤ fén iat (said to tax collectors) `in their own discharge', Todd Lect. vi 44 § 64 .

(b) Hence in sense of payment due, levy, exaction : ? fri commus a cheana ┐ a smachta ┐ a fiadhaig (`rule'), IT iii 199.8 . ? oenach Cuile co cintaib appropriation, LL 25093 . ni beiride acht cethramthain di ch.¤ na somane, di orbu na saetur (of the iarḟine), Laws iv 284.6 . cion do chuir i nDruim Lethan / do rioghaibh mar gnathachadh (of a proposal to billet soldiers on the community of D.L.), BNnÉ 288.33 . can luad cairti 'n-a cenaib `without mention of a charter for their tributes', Hy Fiach. 212.y . ceathruime cidh ima ḟuil / c.¤ leathbaile na lenmain why has a quarter the dues of a half-village? IGT Decl. ex. 194 . gníomh d'fhearann saor ar gach ein-c[h]ion `free from every impost', Misc. Arch. Soc. 190.8 . do bhuain chean `to get dues', O'Hara 2598 . Cf. kinduff alias black rent, Fiants Eliz. 5997 quoted Measgra D. Gloss. p. 243 .

(c) booty, plunder, and hence by implication victory, triumph, success: buáil-si um cheanuibh gach críche `take the spoil of every country', Ériu ix 8.88 . gáir na stoc i n-am na gcean, Measgra D. 57.22 . cena mora ┐ crecha aidbli, Ann. Conn. 1365.5 . urusa dhuit déanaimh cean `to win triumphs,' TD 1.45 . mall ar gcéimne leis an gcion we travelled slow with the `creach', Aithd. D. 6.44 . le neart-ghoil céimeann nó cean `triumphs', Content. xxx 21 . ag cuimhne a gcean `recalling their exploits', O'Hara 4406 .

(d) share, due portion : do chion (sic leg.) d'fágháil do'n éiric, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.17 . gan chion i gcogar Dé dhamh `part', Dán Dé xxvi 14 . breith na clainne is cean [do] mhartra is a kind of martyrdom, DDána 32.17 . ? dá shochar do gheibhthear as an Aifrionn . . . cion impidhe ┐ leóirghníomh, Eochairsg. 51.6 . Hence in pl. fortune, weal : daoine ar tí chean a chéile `set against each other's weal', Dán Dé vii 17 . dh'ionnramh chean ó gCéin `to serve (as defence for) their interests', O'Hara 2393 . díon ar gcean `to secure our fortunes', Aithd. D. 84.37 .

In chevilles: ard an cion, DDána 17.23 . mór an cion, O'Hara 3241 .

As quasi-conj.: cion a raibhe do shólás . . . dá bhfuaradar . . . go raibhe sé do dhólás orra . . . the greater the pleasure . . . . the greater the misery . . . , TSh. 3730 . cion a bhfuil d'fhad-dáil . . . atá sé do chaoile tanto . . . quanto, 5405 .

(e) love, affection (for development of meaning cf. cuit, 1 pairt): Críosd dom chion san bhrátha-ló `may Christ love me', Celtica iv 169.272 . maircc as gar da chill go ccion `dear', BNnÉ 286.31 . tarbh tána ar nar ceileadh cion `well-beloved' (of warrior), O'Hara 3469 . ró ceana `great affection', 2993 . onóir ┐ míoonóir (sic), cion ┐ neimhchion, do thabhairt d'én nduine abháin, Desid. 2367 .

(f) esteem, respect : menicniugad cena do denam (of a `céile' rising up before his `flaith'), O'Curry 621 ( H 3.18, 300 ). gan a cen ar naomh nō ar dhān, ZCP x 49.1 . a chion do réir a ríaghla, Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.22 . mic Uisnigh dhár chóir c.¤ , IT ii2 115.25 . is beg in c.¤ ata acan tren[n]íadh ugud oirne `respect . . . for us', Stair Erc. 1477 . méad an cheana do bhíodh ag cách ar an inchinn `how highly everyone prized', Keat. ii 3085 . ní fhuil cion innte ar fhéiltibh (of Ireland), Measgra D. 55.17 . With defining gen.: cion áonanma as .c. orra they are to be treated as one noun, Bard. Synt. Tr. 203.11 . ní bhíodh cion fírinne ortha `were not regarded as genuine', Keat. ii 3878 .

In phrases. cuirid i c.¤: m'anam thuas dá chur i gcion being honoured, DDána 12.8 . do cheird féin ní chuire i gcion `you do no credit to your art', Content. xxiv 8 . túis dod ghuidhe cuir i gcion `urge thy most zealous petition', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 1 . féile an leinbh gá chora i gcion `making it manifest', Ériu ix 166 § 32 . roinn ar ar chuireadar cion the division which they fixed, Content. xi 7 . téid i c.¤: ní théid a rún cliachdha a gcion does not go into effect, LBranach 3543 . fo ch.¤ respected: gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . do ghlac an rígh an macaomh go honórach ┐ do bhí fá cion aige, Eochairsg. 114.13 .

In phr. c.¤ fátha (printed as compd.) occasion (of sin, etc.): ar ngabáil chionfátha dhon pheacadh, Romans vii 8 . do chum nach tiubhruinn cionfátha don druing lé na mían cionfátha dhfaghail, 2 Cor. xi 12 . Cf. cennḟáth and Dinneen s.v. fáth .

Compds. do chleith mo cheanfhaghla, Aithd. D. 55.3 . le Dia [gidh] cin-iomdha ar gcás, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 10 .

deccrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccrach or dil.ie/14864
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deacrach

adj o-ā, derivative of deccair in various senses: difficult; rare, wonderful; distressful . Coupled with coimthech, doccamlach. ná measdar go bhfuil mídheaṁuin na meanmna deacrach nó dócaṁlach, Donlevy 460. 17 . gur deacrach an ní doníthear go laetheaṁail, 456. 1 f.b. Opp. coitchenn: ónach fuilnginn bochtaine ann inntleachta neithe deacracha coimidhtheacha (sic leg.) is uime sin dob áil limsa ag múiniughud na nealadhan neithi coitchinna urusa , O'Gr. Cat. 211. 12 . hard, distressful : dés in chatha ticimsi cugut a Chaillín fertuig: agso ort mo chomairci re demna in domuin decraid (decraig, leg.) thy protection against the demons of the distressful world Fen. 166. 21 (not = dechraig). a mic Dé is deacrach mo dál: pecdach mé ósam maccám, C II 3, 5 a . dobhíos lá ar maidin go deacrach déarach, O'Gr. Cat. 580. 8 . mac Cuṁaill doḟulaing mór ffeidhm ndecrach who bore many a distressful bout ITS vii 33. 3 . Synon. doilig SG 353. 28 .

MOD. deacrach, common in sense of troublesome, painful : obair d., píanta deacracha. deacrach, Coneys, O'R. Dinneen

2 deolaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 deolaid or dil.ie/50623
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (1 deolaid): (a) grace, favour, gratuity : attá a deolid iar cúul caích gl. gratia Dei, Wb. 31c15 . ni urusa a ndispectadsom, ar is o Dia ata a ndeolaid doib, IT iii 28 . gan deoladh, ML 12 . deolaidh .i. grása, O'Cl. ? ni dleaghar cís don áirdrigh nach deolaigh tribute nor gratuity, Leb. Cert. 126 . (b) a poor state: gid easbach aitreab Eógain | d'fhaicsin mar tá fa deólaid, CCellaig² 26.826 .

? dídail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dídail or dil.ie/16208

 

n (dí + 2 dál?) is didail .i. di fo diulta[dh], nach urusa dail ime, O'Curry 427 (H. 3,18, 232b). in gas fine cen d.¤ | do rígaib massaib Marggae `without reproach ', Thes. ii 295 ( SP v 12 ). co n-écsem cen d.¤ do gnímaib síl Eogain `without detriment ', Arch. Hib. ii 54 ( LL 182a24 ) (without disparagement, extenuation ?).

dinge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dinge or dil.ie/16625

 

vn. of dingid. compressing, pressing in; crushing, quelling, oppressing: ic corugud a leptha ┐ a liptingi ica dingi ┐ ica dluthad (of the ship Argo), TTr. 139 ( LL 219a6 ). me bodein . . . re d.¤ caich do'n comlonn, MR 162.19 . ic drud ┐ ic d.¤ ┐ ic dluthughadh na slogh isin irgail, CCath. 5963 . a derno for mo chind dom dingi triasin talam, YBL 123a40 . cloidhemh corthrach ag d.¤ innigh uirre a weaver's beam pressing a woof on it, RC xxix 120 § 18 . Intrans.: ag drutt ┐ ag d.¤ i ndeghaidh na ndrongbuidhen pressing vigorously . . ., AFM v 1646.13 . nir b'urusa lasside cen d.¤ a h-úalle ┐ a diummusa i cend Lamidoin to keep from quelling, TTr. 470 ( LL 223b24 ). atcota doeiri (v.l.) d.¤ (v.l.) servitude brings in its train oppression, Anecd. iii 12.z . aidble n-d.¤ (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 5637 . ferr a nd.¤ a ngrádugud better to keep them repressed than to love them (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.112 . sliged Dala . . . ind fhir dangin cen d.¤ unsubdued , Metr. Dinds. iii 276 . d.¤ .i. toirneamh, O'Cl. d.¤ brúghadh, sārughadh eigniughudh, Eg. Gl. 56 .

díspectad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díspectad or dil.ie/16826

 

x = díspecad: ni urusa a ndispectad-sum, ar is o Dia ata a ndeolaid doib, IT iii 28 . ni ētar a(í) ndíspeachtadh, 24 . dispectadh, O'Dav. 685 .

dligthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dligthech or dil.ie/17039

 

adj o,ā (dliged). Used in O.Ir. glosses in sense accordant with reason or rule (Lat. rationabilis): chech irnigde dongneid . . . bed dlichtech gl. rationabile sit obsequium vestrum, Wb. 5c20 . is dligthigiu a cumscugud quam a feidligud more in accordance with rule, gl. rationabilius (in Lat. context ratione is oppd. to errore), Sg. 22b12 .

Hence

(a) regular, accordant with rule, right, lawful, law-abiding (see Críth G. p. 84 ): do ais lanamnassa dligthig to folk lawfully married, Thes. ii 255.11 . cétmuinter d.¤ , Críth G. 347 . doa macc d.¤ , 482 . batur in lanamhain sin i coibligi dlighthig, Lat. Lives 101 . ben dligetech a lawful wife, O'Gr. Cat. 81.15 (legal) (cf. dligedach). cen baithus nd.¤ , Ériu i 218 . brethemnus dligthach, PH 826 . cuir dligth[e]cha . . . cuir indligthecha lawful contracts, Laws i 52 n. 1 . ní d.¤ don aigne cin fis na n-earnuile so aige it is not lawful for the advocate not to know, ii 52 Comm. a ré dligt[h]igh in a lawful (regular) battlefield, iv 52 Comm. Tadg da dēnter dān bard nd.¤ (ndleteach, MS.: minchreach), ZCP viii 225 . aes in dāna dlighthig, Auraic. 2184 . dáil dlíghtheach Dé, Hy Fiach. 316 . is foe rogabsat muinter Ia in caisc ndligthig, Fél. 136 . i n-aghaidh a rígh dhligthigh féin, O'Gr. Cat. 583 . dedhe da cech cenel anmann indlighthech . . . do breith isin airc . . . ┐ treidhe d'anmandaibh dlighteacha unlawful (i.e. forbidden, unclean) animals . . . lawful (clean) animals, Leb. Gab.(i) 8 . ní nar dhlightheach do dhéanamh, Gen. xxxiv 7 . is urusa a aithne . . . nar dhlightheach anfhlaith do ghairm de, Keat. iii 4143 . dá creidi co díles dligtech, SG 19 . Thomas de Quino . . . deadhmaisdir canonta eirdersgnugad (leg. -tha?) an creidme co dlithech , Lib. Flav. i 37 ra 4 . Dim. (in poetry): as mé Suibhne . . . | nochan é mh'ainm dlightheachán, BS 80 . Compar. neach ba dlightacha dia gabail who could more lawfully distrain, Laws ii 50 Comm. dligtighe cath ina comruc a battle is more lawful (regular) than a fight, iii 300 . amhuil is dligthechu cumangatar in as close accordance with legal regulations as they can, 172 .

(b) rational, endowed with reason: ni ainm fuasnada doine . . . acht is ainm fuasnada nephdligthich ech (explaining irrationabiles motus), Ml. 16b12 . do spirut a hanmma dligthige, PH 4611 . do na beoaib ┐ do na dligtechaib (oppd. to: na marb-duile cen dliged cen tuicsi), 3368 . nā malartaid bar n-anmanda dligtheacha (= animas vestras rationabiles), ZCP xii 368 . don brig aicenta o tuirmedh ainim cach réd dligthigh every rational creature (?), Laws i 36 Comm. (in a passage where dlighed is equated with Lat. ratio).

(c) Of persons reasonable, just, righteous: nod-geilsigfe Crist eter dligthichu, ACC § 89 ( RC xx 268 ). masa sinde as ecorach . . . it Bragmanda a n-oenar atatt dligtecha isin doman the Brahmans are the only righteous people (the only people in the right?), Anecd. v 5 = adat dáine dligtechu, Alex. 922 . duine d.¤ dúr, ACL iii 307 §25 .

1 ellam, ullam, ollam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ellam, ullam, ollam or dil.ie/19975
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj I

quick, prompt, speedy; soon, readily: combad ellam no comallaitis aní asrochoilset that they should speedily perform (gl. ut maturent exsolvere) Ml. 95c2 . longphort do gabáil dóib co hellom ┐ co héscaid, TBC-LL¹ 431 . cid ellom condranic cách, luathium conarnic F., 1034 (ullamh St). TBC-I¹ 1402 . ba torrach ather[r]och ellam, IT i 139.15 . dufochtrastar ellam awoke promptly RC xi 450.1 . táncatár...co hellam ond insi, LU 24b10 = RC ix 486.5 . co tisedh co hellam ...docom in catha, CCath. 3296 . tiagaidh uaim go hullamh BNnÉ 218.3 . bás go hullamh d'ḟagháil, TD 30.11 . nib ellam mo lecht, IT iii.1 53.18 . do-beir proinn go hullamh deg-thapaidh doibh, Fl. Earls 90.11 . atá an spioraid ollamh, ┐ an cholann éiglidhe = promptus TSh. 10159 . at[h]cha ellma, RC xxvi 44 § 230 . As attrib.: aisgidh ollamh ready gift TD 25.6 . Compar.: brōnaigh Conailli indiu... | ni ba ellmhu bias gen | i nAird iar nD. not readier shall be the smile AU 687 . rob iat...ba hellma ┐ ba hescaidi aigned d'iarraid na himresna, MR 216.23 . Míchéal... dom anmuin is é as ullmha readiest Dán Dé xxviii 4 . do brisedh eachlusc uirri | bar n-eachradh ní hullmaide IGT, Decl. ex. 554 .

adj II

(a) ready, prepared, finished: cor bo éim ┐ cor bo ellam, MU 8.32 = LL 262b46 . Cf. ellam cach n-airceand .i. cach ni is ellam (.i. is derb) do denum duit ot laim is ellam ort a chin, O'Curry 216 (< H 3.18, 112b ). ro aithin dóibh DC long...do denum occo comdis ellma (v.l. elma) inmara iat fó athgin in erruigh ar chinn, CCath. 169.3269 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 222.19 . combtar ellmha a lóinte till their supplies were ready Hugh Roe² 47 z (f. 26a) . o robtar fuirithe eallmha na Gaill, Hugh Roe, 164.24 (f. 44a) . a mbeith ullamh aicce dochum Uí C. d'aithrioghadh `he had them in readiness' AFM iii 546.13 . ní foláir don uile dhuine bheith ollamh roimhe, ó atá an bás dearbh, TSh. 131 . don tí atá ollamh ar dhéanamh breitheamhnais = qui paratus est judicare 808 . ollamh ar a chionn prepared for it (sc. death) 1543 . ón druing...bhíos ollamh ré fagháil fulachta = ...praeparatis ad escam 7995 . Hence convenient, suitable: ní ba ellam urusa Muir trom-adbul Torrianda do bar n-ǽs athgǽti, LL 238b31 = TTr. 1621 .

(b) finished, complete: in uair rob ullamh an ecclas ready i.e. consecrated RC xxv 398.17 . adhbar righ no rí ullamh heir apparent or actual king BNnÉ 262.30 . ar mbeith ollamh n-ealadhan perfected in his art TD 3.9 . sol ticfadh ēnghloine amháin ullamh este before one glass could come out of it (a glazier's furnace) completed Fl. Earls 70. 10 . derlaic onóir do cloinn na hE., go mba heallomh a n-oirrdercas perfect (?) Leb. Gab.(i) i 130 n. 7 .

(c) ready (for) in the sense of predisposed (to), inclined (to): is ullum iatsein cum idhroipisi, YBL 351a36 . teagaim sin a lucht na lubra ┐ isin lucht bis ullam cuice, 23 P 10³, 21a8 . gurub iad daine is ullma cum flux fola, 22b6 . Cf. ellam .i. a laim esti, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 184 ( H 3.18, 70.1 ). ellam .i. illaim .i. ni for dail, 210 ( H 3.18, 81.2 ). ellam .i. al-laim ┐ ni for dail, O'Mulc. 379 . Corm. Y 540 . Cf. 2 ellam.

As subst.: a ṡaor-ollamh bláth `thou noble, alert, smooth weapon' TD 33.18 . Cf. raticfa ra mod n-ellaim | meni choisc do droch-thengaid `that will reach thee readily' RC xiv 424.26 = LL 111a27 .

éraise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éraise or dil.ie/20204
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj useless, insignificant; void : haice .i. ecaidhe nó deroil no eraise, ut est: haice cach rath co rath tire .i....is deroil cach ni doberar isin rath co tir,...no is urusa gach rath co ferann, O'Dav. 1069 . dearbthar tuin[i]de do cetchor nadbi herisi 'let usucaption be asserted in respect of a first contract that is not defective' CIH iv 1247.20 , Peritia xvi 341 . is éraise in rét in tserc | téit a héol cen immitecht, IT i 225. 10 . As sobriquet: pn Col ┐ Accuis ┐ Eraisi...tri bandrúid TBC-LL¹ 2402 = Col ┐ Mebul ┐ Eraise, TBC-I¹ 1766 ( Gul Meabol ┐ Eris, H 2.17 , Eg. 93 ). Cf. follg.

essóer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. essóer or dil.ie/20600

 

adj o-ā (sóer) unfree; not exempt (?): (of women:) sóera ainme, essóera ícce, Tec. Corm. § 16.30 = BB 63b41 (essæra), where it is glossed: is urusa leo ainim do [KM supplies denum] ┐ ní urusa leo a icc dúibe (?).

fo-eim, -foím, -fóem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-eim, -foím, -fóem or dil.ie/22650

 

Forms: fóemaid, fáemaid, foemaim, fuimiu, foím, faemhuidh, -faemhann, fáemit, foemtaitt, faema, rofaomae, rofaemadh, ḟaemadh, foremais, foet, foet, ḟoet, fáet, forroet, ar-foím, for-étt, fhaomh, faemastar, faemastair, aemasdar, foetatar, ḟaemsat, fáemóbh-, fóemhōghaidh, ḟaemabh

later as simple verb, fóemaid, fáemaid. Ind. pres. 1 s. foemaim, LU 8488 . ni fuimiu , ZCP viii 314.21 . 3 s. conda foím , Ériu iv 163 § 27 . faemhuidh, -faemhann, Lism. L. 2923 - 4 . 3 pl. fáemit, LU 9036 . (With suff.) foemtaitt, ACL iii 303 § 12 . pres. subj. 3 s. ron faema , SR 8223 na rofaomae , Mon. Tall. § 54 . past subj. 3 s. rofaemadh ZCP v 502.22 . acht con ḟaemadh , ZCP xiii 174y . pret. and perf. 2 s. foremais, TBC-LL¹ 4012 (forfáomhais St) 3 s. ni foet , RC xxv 346 § 2 (cf. ni foet , ACC 96 ). nad ḟoet , TBC-I¹ 1336 = fáet, LU 5807 ( ni forroet , Corm. Y 698 belongs to ar-foím. cf. also ní for-étt , Ériu xiii 26.30 ). gur fhaomh , PBocht 5 § 27 . nír faemastar , TBC-LL¹ 2186 . ro faemastair BNnÉ 322 § 29 . nír aemasdar , YBL 394b18 . 3 pl. ni foetatar , Anecd. iii 63.10 . nar ḟaemsat , LL 141bz . Middle Ir. fut. stem fáemóbh-: fóemhōghaidh, ZCP xiii 174z But: ní ḟaemabh , IGT, Verbs ex. 583 . See ib. § 67 , where the short vowel is queried, and in some copies condemned. Vn. fáemad, fáemachtain q.v.

In general sense accepts, cf. ar-foím.

(a) accepts, receives (person or thing; DI or ó from), often with notion of approving, countenancing: ni rofoemus sai ... mnai, ZCP iii 237.8 = nír forfáemusa, LU 10323 . úair nad fáet úad a targid dó since he did not accept from him what he had offered him LU 5807 . ro thairgedar do Ercuil a righi ┐ nir fhaem-sam sin, Stair Erc. 490 . fu[a]cair ... do chlannaib S. ... na roḟaema duine dib | ingena ... Caín command the children of S. not to take unto them the ... daughters of C. Rawl. 76a22 (= LL 141b27 ). ochtor do sil Seth ... naroemsat Chain ib. Rawl. 76a 26 (= nar ḟaemsat LL). ní roḟaem nech ... in n-ardríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 342.63 . ar na roḟoem in gilla hi bus hi as the youth (Joseph) did not consent to join her LB 115b1 . tri bliadna deg ... rofaemadh Niall was accepted (as king) BB 50b20 ( MacCarthy 422 ). duīne ... conscelaigetar do briathraib esbaib ... ni rofaemtha cucut thou shalt not admit to thy company ZCP iii 29.12 . ni ḟaomha luighech laimthech, Ériu xiii 20.12 . do aomh sé Muire mar mhnaoi, Dán Dé ii 13 . a anim ararb urusa aslach cech uilc, ┐ ná ro ḟóem in maith itir, PH 8116 . cén mótá uathadh na ro ḟaomh baitsiodh nā creideamh uadh, AFM i 130 . faemais R. inni sin donti náemh F. accepted that (blessing) from F. BNnÉ 321 § 24 . in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem heeded not MR 40.6 . hit ēsin a n-anmann | dia faemtatar togarmand from which they received their appellations ZCP xii 246 § 20 (corresponding to: conid uaidib ar-femat anmanna, 245.2 ).

(b) agrees to (a proposal), consents (to do something), with neg. refuses: eircid, for C., cussin fer ... Foemaimsea sin tra, for Cú Ch., LU 8488 ( FB 34 ). ba si comairli Ulad forro ... fáemitsium dano ani hisin, LU 9036 ( FB 78 ). ba dirsan duit nách athesc ... Fergusa foremais, TBC-LL¹ 4012 . ca tindscra chuinghi ... ? Mo beith ... ac in ḟir. In fáeme-si siut ? ar P. Fáemaim ... cach ní adera-su rium do dénum, Acall. 6680 . faomaid umaloitt do denum, BColm. 56.10 . nír faemsad na cleirigh anmain, KMMisc. 319.4 . nír aemh codlud lea máthair, Lism. L. 258 . admháil Iosa ... níor aomh aon-asbal eile no other apostle confessed Jesus Dán Dé xx 14 . ro faemabair mo mharbad, Ériu iii 160.8 . rofóemad leo a bás ... menisoerad mo Rígmac they had agreed to slay him SR 3133 . faemais F. ... a breth dosan mar dubairt `agreed that he should receive his award' Ériu iv 226 § 50 . eirgedh ... cu F., dia fhis in bhfaemhann an cis-sin ... Faemhuidh F. in cís-sin ┐ geallaid a thabairt uadh, Lism. L. 2923 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F. acht conḟaemadh F. provided F. would consent ZCP xiii 174y . do aomhadar cáin do dhíol uatha, Keat. ii 3954 . nír faemastar Fer b. [cen] in comrac do denam F. would not consent to relinquish the fight TBC-LL¹ 2186 = nir ḟoem F. cen in comrac, etc. St. nir fhaem orumsa ... dul isin glenn would not go in to the glen for me Comp. CC 86.12 . gach itchi nár ḟaomhus ort which I did not grant for thy sake ZCP x 348 § 13 .

With ellipse of vn. obj.: muna faoma am imdaigh if thou wilt not come to my couch ZCP i 134y . ro innsidar nar faem Bibus leo that B. had refused to come with them vi 278.32 .

Passing into sense undertakes, attempts (to do something): is snámh a n-aghaidh srotha sin ... ┐ ní ḟaomhaim-si é, Todd Lect. iv 90.26 (perhaps = I do not accept the task). faemait ... teiced ceilgi rompo take to feigned flight CCath. 3101 . ro faemustar in t-athleim `made a second leap' MR 234 4 . cradh Cind Faelad ... do faemadh la Findachta, BB 50a46 ( MacCarthy 416 ). (ellipt.) ó ró thuit C , ... ┐ ro ḟaomhsad Laighnibh as a láithrib catha `betook themselves from their positions of battle' (= gave way ?) Todd Lect. iv 104 § 45 .

(c) accepts (ill-treatment, etc.), submits to, allows: is tūscu ro ḟaemomais-ne sin inás do ticfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum, CCath. 1682 (foidenmis; no fodemmais v.l.). gur fhaomh a ghabháil `deigned to be made prisoner' PBocht 5 § 27 . mina faemair do gabail unless you consent to be captured ZCP vi 36.12 . do aomhsad a léirscrios tar sáile amach, Hackett xv 37 .

(d) yields, concedes, grants, allows (with DO of pers.): dona fíb nochretitis ... ┐ no fáemtaís a n-anmchardine dó LU 2262 ( FA 32 ). faomhuis ... don mnaoi ... | Ráith Ráithleann do bheith da ghairm | ...mar ainm ar an múr [sic leg.], Ériu i 99.5 . foemuis Magnus doibh oirisium for dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . inní nár faematar a athair nā ṡenathair do fémad dó to yield to him what ... never yielded Cog. 142.19 . ro fhaomhsat Tuath De D. an righe do Breas, Leb. Gab.(i) i 164.13 . neamh dá humhla go n-aomhthaoi may heaven be granted to her meekness (used to be ?) Ó Bruad. ii 122 z.

Cf. Cenel nA. ni theiged hi Caisiul co núe, ar ni foetatar ni assa cuit i mBruig Rig ...; is N. namma di maccaib C. dobert mbruig Rig do Chaissiul. ni foetatar a maic olchena, Anecd. iii 63.10 .

fritháilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fritháilem or dil.ie/24418
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: frithalim, frithailem, frithalim, frithalmi, friothailme, frithálam, frithólam, frithalma, friothólamh, -álamh, -a, frithólamh, -álamh, frithóileamh, -áileamh, -óilimh, -áilimh, -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, -álaim, -aim, -ólmha, -áilte, frithailme

n ā, f. ; later also o, m. (vn. of fris-áilethar). a d s. fri frithalim , SR 5058 (but : fri frithailem , LU 8043 ). ic frithalim , SR 1187 , TBC-LL¹ 1088 , etc. g s. frithalmi, SR 1200 , cf. friothailme, Leb. Gab.(i) i 34.6 . In later manuscripts also frithálam, or frithólam (-um) ; g s. frithalma, LL 107b13 . friothólamh, -álamh (f. ; g s. n p. -a) IGT, Decl. § 37 ; frithólamh, -álamh (m.) § 100 ; frithóileamh (-eolamh v.l.), -áileamh (m.) § 101 ; -óilimh, -áilimh, f. § 150 . As vn. -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, m. Also -álaim etc. f., Verbs § 70 . g s. -aim ib. ex 612 . -ólmha, 613 , -áilte, 609 (see fritháiled).

Often found in association with frestal and influenced by it.

(a) expecting, looking out for (orig. sense) : ra thoegat saide ... co fáitar i nEmain ... ra frithalim comergi Conchobair (i.e. in expectation of, to attend the rally of the Ulstermen) LL 95a6 ( TBC-LL¹ 4928 ). atbert na ragad acht bith oc frithalim lochta a chríchi fodesin (Cú Chulainn refuses to go to the feast because he has invited his own people to one) LL 262a15 ( MU² 44 ). boi oca ḟrithalim co cend mis. ni thanic, LL 278a48 . oc frithalemh cia aimser nó reghad, TTr.² 222 . robatar uile ina tost ... oc frithalum na scel no indisfed, Aen. 409 (= conticuêre omnes, intentique ora tenebant Aeneid ii 1 ).

(b) catching (something thrown) : na nóe slega rodibraiced air a frithalum 'na laim clé ┐ na .ix. líathroiti ... a fritholum 'na laim deis = catching the nine spears that were cast at him in his left hand and the nine balls in his right Acall. 5834n .

(c) anticipating, making provision for, preparing , with gen. of thing : tegdas ... fri frithailem tomalta na fleda LU 8043 (FB). tanic Culand connice a dun ... do frestul ┐ frithalim lenna ┐ bíd, TBC-LL¹ 964 . fer frithalma mōre ... .i. Bricriu `a man of great management' [of making great preparation, provision] Ériu iv 30 y ( LL 107b14 ). Abram ... ro chennaig in n-inad ... i frithalim a adnaicthi as a burial-ground for himself (= Gen. xxv 10 ) Rawl. 73a33 = ic fritholum, BB 6a11 .

(d) waiting on (a person), ministering to the needs of, supplying: ic frithalim ... na n-anmanna, SR 1187 . ní dlegait lōn leo for sét acht ... ri Érenn da bfriothailimh the king of E. supplies their wants ZCP viii 116 § 12 . na cethri airm déc batar ic Conchobur ... ic frithalim na maccáem ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1088 (= fri hagaid frithailme St. cf. ... fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 ). coic tret ... ┐ cét n-arathar ag frithalum a tigi for the service of his household Aen. 1727 . baí faill fritholma ra [leg. ar] in clerech ag in chailligh , BB 233b7 . ni lemtha airbernad ar a cudich no ar a [ḟ]ritholmu (sic) `his share or his supply durst not be lessened' Cog. 50.6 . tair ... linne co nderntur do frestal ┐ do fritholum acoinne, CCath. 1667 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair, BNnÉ 104.9 . Cf. friochnamh ... ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh, RC xxix 219 . rena mnai fritholmha, Oss. v 74.2 ( Tromd. Guaire 685 , where -mha, like -mu in Cog. 50 , may indicate a late vn. form : -ólmhadh). Of service or attendance in wider sense : ica frestal ┐ ica fritalam amal gach cumail, CCath. 1149 . caeminailt fritholmha Oilealla ┐ Medhbha, ZCP viii 542.10 (= c. comaitechta, TBC-LL¹ 1554 ). ionad mna friotháilmhe d'fhagháil, Desid. 1257 . ... gillai ritholmha dó féin of one of his own attendants AU 1168 . gilla friothalmha, Oss. v 42.22 . gan digh ... dh' aithiaraid | ad tigh re feadh frithálaim during the dispensing IGT III ex. 612 . In a special sense : díl fritháilti an fear 'ca mbí | do bean ḟritháilte a Ruaidrí ib. 609 .

Of things, functions, etc., attending to, looking after, discharging: co nach raibi cáithlech ātha i nErinn gan Gall dáer ica frithalom fair `to work it' [attending it for him ? But cf. Cog. 116.9 ] Fianaig. 86.16 . friothailemh eaglusdachta, Todd Nenn. ciii . na tratha do frithalum to observe the canonical hours Laws v 124.18 Comm. lucht fritholma an aifrind, BCC § 69 (= ministri altaris Reeves Ad. 104 ). aonmhaiccléireach amháin do bhíodh ag friothólamh an aifrinn dó serve him at Mass Keat. iii 999 . friotháileamh sollamainte na n-uile shacramainteadh, Desid. 4963 . Cf. dul ... do dhénamh an ḟritheóilti si `for this administration' (i.e. to communicate the sick) RSClára 88a . do dhénuid friothólamh dhó minister (to the Tabernacle) Numbers i 50 .

Esp. of attendance on the sick: do iarra mna do frithalum na mna bis ... fri idhna, Laws i 300.5 . sir bean frithámhla di 'look for a midwife for her', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 233 § 67 . fritheólamh na n-esslán, RSClára 112a . aos galair cona lucht fritheólmha 78b0 . Cf. cona ffritheolmhaibh oireamhnacha amhail iarraid a n-aicíde, 111b0 (an inaccurate rendering of the Engl.).

Of treatment : ise an t-adhbhar morgaithe is coir do rithaileamh ar dūs it is the corrupt matter we must attend to first 23 P 10³, 16b31 . In pl. ministrations (?) : tri firtorithne no tri frithailme (gl. teora frither) Laws v 452.7 Comm.

(e) in hostile sense coping with, withstanding (an enemy or an attack) : [secht mūir] fri frithalim n-ilchatha, SR 5058 (of Jericho). ba handsa ... fulung a fergi ┐ frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570 . nach aitni damsa i nErinn sluagh fritolma Uladh a host able to withstand the Ulstermen TBC-LL¹ p. 747 n. 5 (St). co na betis i n-etarlēn frithalma ar cind a bidbad, LL 172a45 ( CRR 9 ). nior bho urusa fritheálamh a bhforráin, ML 134.2 . Cf. ro buí slógh ... for bruachaibh in tsrotha ica fritholumh (of the British resistance to Caesar), CCath. 187 . ni mo chean ... tarrla re freastal no re fritholamh na fairrgi ... sin unhappy those who had to tackle that sea CF 42 . adnaig ag drem frisi mūr ┐ na Troīandaigh ica frithōlum dona mūraib, Aen. 2233 . robui a comair frithōlma na foirne fīrnāmat tānic ... cugi was ready to tackle Fianaig. 72.7 .

Absol. : in frestal ┐ in frithólum dobertsat forro, CCath. 1711 . in fritholum tucsat Danair ... fri Dal Cais, Cog. 188.11 . dobeir frithalum fair in conair tainic, Aen. 2622 (= speculatus in agmine ... obuius ire parat, Aeneid x 769 ). Transf. of a person : ni fil for Eirinn ... frithailem Chuind a match for C. Anecd. ii 7 .

fúasclad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúasclad or dil.ie/24685
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fúasglad, fúasgalad, -alta, -ailti, fúasgladh, -aidh, -alta, -adh, -altadh

n u, o, m. (vn. of fúasclaid) fúasglad, fúasgalad (g s. -alta. -ailti) IGT, Verbs § 50 . fúasgladh (g s., n p. -aidh, -alta, g p. -adh, -altadh), Decl. § 106 .

(a) loosening, opening: glas ... nach urusa d'ḟuasguladh, DDána 76.2 ( Aithd. D. p. 48 ).

(b) releasing, redeeming; redemption, ransom (sum paid): dul do gabail na cimedh no da fuasgaladh, Laws i 298.18 . luid d'fuascalad chimedh[a], Lism. L. 1520 . bráighe nach foighbhe a fuasgladh (of one who has died), DDána 77.6 ( Aithd. D. p. 52 ). tar éis fuasgailte an ghill 'redeeming', TD 22.12 . an tan do haincidhe laoch ... leó ní do thrócaire acht do ṡainnt re fuascladh d'ḟagháil asta, Keat. iii 3236 . do léicc na braighde uadha do M. gan fuasccladh BNnÉ 225 § 124 . no go bfaghdís a mbreith fen d' ḟúasgladh as, Ériu v 92.16 . go ttardsat an tIarla ass ... gan fuasccladh uadhaibh dia chionn, AFM vi 2172z . do chenn an fhuasglaidh do thabairt uadh, L. Chl. S. § 40 . Theol.: ar bhfúasgladh `our redemption' Aithd. D. 84.11 . crann gá bhfoil ar bhfuasgoladh (i.e. The Cross), DDána 23.14 . an dream bhíos i bpurgadóir, go mbíd i n-áirithe a bhfuasgailte, TSh. 4465 . do thabhairt fhuasgalta d'anam an mhairbh, 5064 .

(c) solving (a problem); answering (a question): fuasgladh na gceasd, TD 25.40 (here a complimentary epithet). conadh é sin fúaisgleadh na ceasda ro chuiris oram, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 133.26. go dtiubhradh fuasgladh ar a cheist dó, TSh. 3584 .

See fúasclugad and fúaslucad.

imm-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-cuirethar or dil.ie/27801

 

Forms: imcharaid, immechuretar, imchuirther, immacuired, imchuirthe, immacurtis, noimcuirfedh, imchorastar, imrolaim-se, 'mmosralat, immosrala, 'moralta, imaralait, imchor

v (Mid. Ir. imchraid, imcharaid). indic. pres. pl. 3 rel. immechuretar, Wb. 5a5 . pass. s. imchuirther, ZCP x 10 n. 12 . imperf. s. 3 rel. immacuired, Mon. Tall. 159.17 . pass. imchuirthe, IT i 130.22 . pl. 3 immacurtis, Fél. Ap. 27. sec. fut. s. 3 noimcuirfedh, D IV 2, 73ra7 . pret. s. 3 imchorastar, Fianaig. 36.3 .

With stem -la: indic. pres. s. 1 imrolaim-se, LU 8961 (FB). subj. pres. pl. 3 'mmosralat, LU 9091 (FB). pret. s. 3 immosrala, Anecd. i 71.z . pass. pl. 'moralta, Alex. 802. imaralait, 1013 . Vn. imchor.

(a) carries around, carries, brings, conveys: innaní prechite pacem et immechuretar cori ho rígaib `who carry peace from kings,' Wb. 5a5 . iodne ind caich immacuired a toratt `the purity of each man who brought the produce,' Mon. Tall. 159.17 . imma-curtis aingil `angels used to carry him,' Fél. Ap. 27. imchuirthe in gríanán sin lasin Mac Oc cach leth no théged, IT i 130.22 . o roimraised co ciana ... immosrala os moing mara tond dian, Anecd. i 71.z . immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind, ZCP viii 312.14 . imchuirther go a dúnárus féin, ZCP x 10 n. 12 . uair roboi gan ech noimcuirfed é, D IV 2, 73ra7 . dorattsatt a cindu fo irsibh an charpait co ro imchuirsett é ... dia cathraigh, BNnÉ 326 § 44. ro cumdaighedh lxxx long leis ... cor' imcuiredh in slógh indtibh tairis siar, CCath. 160. cidh bé imcras a begc no a mōr de (of a talisman), Maund. § 55. iomchurthar an corp gus an adhnacal, TSh. 1250. ro imchradar an canabī uassan sacrament naomtha, Fl. Earls 188.26 .

(b) sends: imrulai ... Pilip na hiltuathai ... na nGrec hi tirib n-aineoil `Philip sent the many peoples of the Greeks into foreign lands,' Alex. 35. co moralta epistle etorru `so that letters were exchanged between them,' Alex. 802.

(c) bears, carries (of offspring): is me-si ro-t-imochur im bróind, PH 6627. cúimnig mar do immchur do máthair tú, 7389 . is bennaigti in brú do imchuir tú, Maund. § 40. ro imchrass go honórach ... fri ré náoi mīoss (of the Blessed Virgin), Fl. Earls 116.18 . breith otruidh go n-iomchorainn (: oghaim), Ó Bruad. ii 138.8 .

(d) Fig. endures, bears, tolerates, allows of: as urusa iomchruid lucht na haoisi arsaid (?) an tregeanus (translates senes facilime ieiunium ferunt), 23 K 42, 8.12 . an liaigh nach iomchrann na héagcruais (medicus qui non fert infirmitates), TSh. 8172. i ndíol ... gach anfhorlainn dá n-iomcharann ann, 9948 . mac rígh do iomchradh airmghliaid `that bore the brunt of weapon fight,' O'Gr. Cat. 501.1. iomchraid [na Cailbhinigh] comaoin do dheanamh san aran amhain, Luc. Fid. 255.10 . má tharcuisnighionn tú is tú féin amháin iomchoras é `thou alone shalt bear it,' Proverbs ix 12. an clú nár iomchuir Éire | iomchruidh féile chrú Chraoidhe `the hospitality of Craoidhe's blood bears a repute which all Ireland never bore,' TD 10 § 14. ro iomchuirsiot somh an tóir throm sin, AFM iv 1124.11 . With le: ma iomchruid [na Cailbhinigh] le Luitearanuibh ag adhradh Chriosd san tsacramaint, Luc. Fid. 253.12 . aifrionn ... an droch-shagairt le n-iomchrann an eagluis `the Mass ... of the bad priest which the church tolerates,' Eochairsg. 50.11 .

(e) carries on, supports, sustains: ón Tadhgsa, cóir; an barr iomchras an sunnradhsin `the enclitic supports that defining particle,' IGT Introd. 7.17 . Mac Amhlaoibh iomchras sgola, Content. xxix 10.

(f) With reflex. pron., comports oneself, behaves: cionnas iomchras tu thu féin a n-aimsir an aifrinn, Parrth. Anma 322.5 . drung iomchras iad féin go Criosdamhuil, Donlevy 438.x . gan sin d'iomchóramaois sinn féin amhuil beathuighe éigcéillighe, 414.20 .

(g) revolves (in the mind), meditates: imchorastar Ailill marbad Maic Con, Fianaig. 36.3 . conid de imrolaimse comraind curadmiri fris, LU 8961 (FB) (= conid de imrordaimse, 8914 ). imrola .i. imradh, ut est ni hara nad imrola .i. ní ro eirni ní do neoch coro imraidhe for do menmuin `thou shouldst not bestow what thou hast not considered,' O'Dav. 1136.

(h) carries away, bewilders: imus-rola in t-omon `fear bewildered them,' BDD² 251.

Used reflex. : atberad na maicclēirich immo-t-ralasu `the young clerics say thou art astray (?),' Ériu viii 156.23 . ? To this: mástat carait conná 'musnágat mastat námait co 'mmosralat, LU 9091 (FB).

(i) Folld. by do, happens to, befalls: immusrala trá in t-omon ... do Chonaire, BDD § 27. gommarálaid dóib ... d'imbualad, TBC-LL¹ 6163.

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