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1 ab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ab or dil.ie/16

Forms: aub, oub, ob, abh, abinn, abuind, abainn, abae, haba, abhai, aibne, aibne, aibni, aibnib, aba, abann, abhann, haband, habhana, abuindaib, aband

n n, f. (see Thurn. Gramm. § 333 ). n s. aub, LL 1638 . ind oub , Thes. ii 340.5 (Hy. v). ind ob . Trip.² 3016 . abh, CS 6.24 . a d s. fri abinn , Thes. ii 242.3 . isin n-abuind , Trip.² 1635 . dind abainn , 1723 . g s. abae, Ml. 78b4 , Thes. ii 275.28 . na haba (:Banna), Met. Dinds. iii 34.19 . abhai, K. and H. 29 . n p. aibne, LL 2033 . a p. aibne, LU 2214 . g p. aibni, LL 575 . d p. in aibnib , Ml. 81c3 . Later forms: n s. aba, Otia ii 87 § 8 . ind abann , Trip.² 1721 . a d s. abhann, Content. vi 69 . g s. na haband , TBFr. 211 . na habhana , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 29.12 . d p. abuindaib, RC xii 344 § 39 . aband f., IGT Decl. § 183 .

River: is ob cach etrice ān/ ┐ is loch lān cach āth, Four Songs 18.1 . sruthair na habae the current of the river, H 3.18, 710.3 . ar fut na haband, LL 13488 . uisce aba no locha, Laws iv 144.1 Comm. isin mBree .i. aband mor fail i Conachtaib, TBFr. p. 16 § 5 . tect ar cend usci oóil . . . dochum na haba, TBC 1555 . dabertis . . . slansen for glassib ┐ aibnib, 4211 . ro báided . . . isind abaind, LU 8927 ( FB 69 ). tar abhainn Life .i. obh fil i coiccrich . . ., Hugh Roe 24.17 (fo. 7a) . abh Liffe, CS 6.24 . samalta re sruithlinntip abann ṡleibe (sic leg. with v.l.), CCath. 5901 . is tú thug na haibhne ann, Dán Dé vi 38 . nocha chluinim fhuaim na habhann, DDána 41.38 . fonn . . . na seanaibhneadh dte, TD 32.54 . re huisgeadhaibh abhanna Jordan, Donl. 438.12 .

Compd. -te: magh Uisnigh abhainnte, Aithd.D. 16.45 .

? airchecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airchecht or dil.ie/1687

n ar silestar i rrichtu a.¤ mórglond usci (rhet.), LU 5487 ( TBC² 1007 ).

airnigde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnigde or dil.ie/2324

Forms: airnaigde, airna(i)gthe, urnaidhi, urnaithi, irnig[d]e, irnigde, irnaigde, irnichthe, ernaigde, ernigde, irnigdi, ernaigde, irnigde, irnigdi, irnigdib

, f. vn. of ar-neget. Also airnaigde, airna(i)gthe. urnaidhi, urnaithi (urnoighte, etc.) f. IGT Decl. § 3 . n s. irnig[d]e, Wb. 25c23 . irnigde, 4a27 , 23a13 . irnaigde, 4d20 . irnichthe, 17a5 . ernaigde, Ml. 75a6 , 38c11 , 54c37 . ernigde, 54d7 . a s. irnigdi, Wb. 27c19 . g s. or g p. ernaigde, Ml. 50d7 . irnigde, Wb. 27c12 . d s. irnigdi, Wb. 5d22 , 10d15 , 24c2 . d p. irnigdib, Wb. 7a12 .

Act of praying (with subjective gen. and AR of person prayed for; FRI of person prayed to); prayer: isí mo irnigde fri dia, Wb. 4d18 . is menic a n-irnichthe airiubsi `frequent is their supplication on your behalf', 17a5 . ba uisse hirnaigde erru, 4d20 . chech irnigde dongneid i tuil dée, 5c20 . urnaigthe .i. ab ore niges nech .i. ō gin intī chanas, Corm. Y 1289 . altóir aurgnaidi 'na dess / fri aurnaigthi, SR 4264 . teg . . . n-aurnaigthi, 7672 . sailm aurnaichti, Mon. Tall. 128.27 (§ 5) . condálidsi (sic leg., edd.) . . . ar naurnithe `ye share our prayers', 158.24 (§ 75) . usci ernaigthi holy water, Trip.² 2715 . comarba aurnaigthe, Arch. iii 217 § 3 . figell, āine, ernaigthe / almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . biid tre láa i taui acht cert n-ernaigti no legind, vii 158 § 17 . bad grésach oc ernaigthi (ernaigthe, urnuigthi, urrnathe, v.ll.), iii 98 § 16 . ro gab . . . ic airnagi, Cog. 196.23 . toradh urnuighthe, TD 7.19 . éist m'úrnuighe (: Muire), A. Ó Dálaigh xix 1 . urnaigh a nfíréin, Prov. xv 8 . creud í an Urnaidh do ní tú? Donl. 6.3 . ? In n. loc. Corbmac a Crich in ernaidhe, FM i 160.3 (see note). See also Hog. Onom.

airsce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsce or dil.ie/2386

n io stump of the neck: úaigthe cend Corpri . . . / do aircsiu Echdach i Tethbai i.e. the head of Cairpre was put on the neck of E. when he was buried at T., LL 14089 . i ndigail chind m' atharsa rucad leis coro adnacht fri a.¤ Echdach, 14049 . dórtais Macc cecht in cúach n-usci inn airsci ┐ im-méde Conaire (ina airsciu (.i. in meidhe) intí C. v.l.) (C. had asked for a drink before dying and having his head cut off), BDD 157 . a heriscibh (hairscib v.l.) urtescth- aibh, CCath. 962 . airrsci .i. méidhe, O'Cl.

airtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtach or dil.ie/2415

Forms: t-erddach

o, n. Later m. in t-erddach, PH 6371 . Vn. of ar-utaing.

(a) act of refreshing, restoring: is irtach dom a airitiu gl. refice viscera mea, Wb. 32a23 . a n-ertach .i. ind usci , Ml. 121b7 . ertaig gl. reficiendi, 118c7 . denaid a herdach `feed her', PH 1998 . irdach .i. frithailemh, O'C. 1469 ( H. 3.18, p. 652 ). ? Of mensal lands: quem agrum dabitis senioribus uestris? responderunt: `erthech', Cod. Sal. 274 (cited Plum- mer MS. notes, see V.SS. Hib. cxiii n. 11 ).

(b) act of celebrating; festival, ceremony: dul do erdduch na n-idpart, SR 4600 . lúgnasad . . . .i. aurtach no cluiche Loga . . . nofertha lais um thaide fogamair, Corm. 26.4 . urtach sollomain, Laws iii 18.17 .i. caisc no notlaic, 24 Comm. in fírén huasal . . . día ta a.¤ i n-ecmong na réa se, Trip.² 2022 . fēili Rīg na fīrinne . . . a n-ertach is cet, ZCP xiii 28.10 . irdac na casg, n.24 . dligid in sollamain-si a hanoir ┐ a herdach, PH 3598 . tri herdaige dlegar do denum i sollamnaib, 6370 . co mbadh usaide a erdach ┐ a onóir, FM ii 1084.16 . ba erdath ┐ ba lith mor la colum Cille ann dogres `a great festivity and merrymaking', Mon. Tall. 156.7 (§ 68) . erdach na Samhna, Hugh Roe 298.z (fo. 78b) . aurtag . . . .i. fēle, O'Mulc. 60 . eardach .i. fésda nó sollamain, O'Cl.

amail, amal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amail, amal or dil.ie/3057

Forms: amail, amal, amál, amail, amaltsa, amlut

Prep. and conj. like, as . Unstressed form of d s. of 1 samail ( Thurn. Gramm. § 178 , § 826 . But rhymes and alliterates in classical verse, e.g. IGT Decl. ex. 607 ). As a rule contracted to am̄ in MSS. Archaic amail ( Thurn. Gramm. § 168 ) ( Wb. 21c10 , 22c14 , both a prima manu, Críth Gabl. 461 , Hib. Min. 188 ). Usual form in O. Ir. glosses amal ( Wb. 6a30 , 10c12 , Ml. 107c8 , Sg. 217a8 . amál, Thes. i 5.37 ). In later lang. amail. Leniting (amal chlanda, Ml. 123c8 . amal chon-degam, 107c8 ). Glosses Lat. quasi, Wb. 11a11 , Sg. 9b11 , etc.; sicut, Wb. 2a11 , 6a30 , 14c17 , Ml. 34b6 , etc.; tamquam, Wb. 9a3 , etc.; uelut, Ml. 23c9 ; ut, Wb. 10d19 , 22c14 , Ml. 54a21 .

I As prep. with accus. For forms with suff. pron. see 2 samail. Note also: amaltsa, IT i 72.35 = amal tussu, 18 . amlut, TBC (C) 575 . Later somet. with independent pron.: amal tussu (supra), amhail é, DDána 116.5 . Eventually replaced by mar (see immar): amar (amal, v.l.), TTebe 929 . Cf. amair, Laws ii 202.9 Comm. See Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 . like, as, similar to: amal tuthle no ailsin gl. ut cancer, Wb. 30b13 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. non quasi aërem uerberans, 11a11 . amal nahí nadchrenat gl. tamquam non possedentes, 10b7 . amal in n-altain gl. sicut rasorium, Ml. 72b8 . amal in lochairnn ṅaḟfracdai gl. quasi lanterna, Sg. 24a16 . amal inna anman asrubartmar `like the nouns', 188a29 . amal na heliu, 9b2 . amál chócúll dercon no chno, Thes. i 5.37 . amal nathracha bodra sicut , 485.19 ( Tur. 11 ). amal airig ndésa, Críth Gabl. 367 . intan mbete renna nime amail éscai ┐ éscai amail gréin, Ériu ii 200.18 . amal firu cathacha, Trip.² 803 . feil . . . docuiridar echdar corgus . . . amail chaindech `the feast of a saint that falls outside Lent, as for instance Cainnech's', Mon. Tall. 135.2 (§ 22) . amhuil a cinaidh féin `like his own crime', Laws iv 88.8 Comm. nocha tánic amail a samla . . . nocha tánic . . . buiden amail a lethide, Celt. Rev. ii 220.26 (omission before first amail?). amal aig n-allaid, TTebe 1881 . amhail gach nduine oile, TSh. 254 . With dat. amal ruithnib grene, TBFr. p. 15 § 3 . amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 .

In phr. amal sin, so, ṡodain thus, so, in that case see 1 sin, 1 so, 1 suide.

II As conj., freq. but not invariably with follg. nasalizing rel. clause ( Thurn. Gramm. § 498 , § 505 ).

(a) As comparative conj. with verb in indic. as, like as: amal ṅguidess athir a macc gl. tamquam pater filios deprecantes, Wb. 24d19 . amal fondrodil in coimdiu do chách gl. sicut diuisit Dominus, 10a11 . amal nonda thorisse frissintectairecht gl. tamquam misericordiam consecutus sum, 10a28 . amal nát anse dúib, 17c11 . amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. uice fumi, Ml. 57a10 . amal nach fuar fessin inneuch, 57d3 . amal as toísegiu grián . . . ┐ is laithe foilsigedar . . . sic is toissigiu, etc., 85b11 . amal as inna ngnimae gl. ut a sé profecto iure factorum, 17b3 . amal is na nassar gl. sicut Assiriorum, 54a22 . amal ṅ-dond-foirde ainmm `as a noun signifies it', Sg. 26b12 . amal addaas `as it is', Ériu ii 144 § 159 . amal as n-airdirc clearly, Trip.² 2066 . ro chí fora muime amal is bés do naídenaib, 115 . amail nach dentar dia domnaich `just as such things are not done on a Sunday', Mon. Tall. 148.3 (§ 55) . amail bis mes in feóir in ḟamfucht (sic) fa i ngemfucht `according to the appraisement of the grass in the hot or in the cold season', Laws iv 146.15 Comm. dligidh . . . / a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109.13 . dobérthar . . . dia tuca tinnscra amal asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . as-bert in so huile amal rom-múin dó in fer, BDD² 168 . amail indises canóin, ZCP viii 114.2 . amail ba bes di . . . `as was her wont', RC vi 175.1 . amhail thógaibhthear an cháith uas an ghrán, Desid. 2918 . In later lang. combined with ┐, mar: amhuil ┐ chromas an géadh a cheann, Desid. 1923 . amhail mar stiúrionn ┐ mar oibrighionn siad, Corp. Astron. xxiv 10 . amhail ┐ mar atá, 2.7 . amhail mar do rinne Iudas, Donl. 254.13 .

Folld. by second member of comparison (as . . . so): amal nondubcairimse carad cách uaibsi alaile gl. eandem cari- tatem habentes, Wb. 23c12 . amal nád robe . . . ní bia, 1d2 . amal as corp do crist æclesia is corp mulier uiro , 22c13 . amal as ndian . . . mbis is denithir sin . . ., Ml. 57c12 . amal durigni . . . dogena . . . `as He has done . . . so also will He do', 50d10 . amal fōides in naingel . . . doróiter dún . . . `as he sent the angel . . . may he be sent to us,' Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). amal soite a shlúaig úad soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cúlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . With follg. clause introduced by an adv. (samlaid, etc.): amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nisgaib som lius di . . . , Ml. 34b6 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid . . ., 26b8 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . amál nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis . . . síc ní déni, Sg. 63a17 . amuil is etarbach grech na cno faisi cen torad aici is amlaidh is etarbach na neiche sin do denam, Laws iv 36.17 Comm. amal do-rala . . . thall . . . is amlaid do-rala sund, PH 146 . amail adcondarcais misi co granna . . . ar tús ┐ alaind fadeoid, is amlaid sin in flaithius, RC xxiv 200.17 . amail teit . . . is amhlaidh sidhe as . . . so, St. Ercuil 499 . amal is e cet lá na sechtmaine in domnach . . . is amal-sin . . . is e is ochtmad lá . . ., PH 3585 . After compar.: is mesu andas amuil robui, Laws iv 156.12 Comm. do badh líonmhaire da n-édálaibh . . . inás amhail ro fhédsat a ttiomáin, Hugh Roe 88.8 (fo. 23b) . bá moa a n ainm ┐ a n oirdearcus inas amhail tangattar, FM v 1848.z .

In PH with ellipse of verb. (cf. the Lat. construction): co mbí in t-í dobeir hí i n-a shímontaig amal in t-í gabus, 7595 . do thabairt ascad amal rig do as (on) a king, 2838 . fofhuaras duine amal mo chride a man after my own heart, 6479 . Prob. also in: me-si tra amal mo brathri tindnacimm mo chorp . . ., 6640 . Note also: amal alanaile ndoine gl. ut caeterorum, Ml. 54a21 , a literal transl. of the Lat.

(b) With impf. subj. in meaning as if, as though (in this constr. not as a rule followed by rel. clause, see Par. and Gl. 209 ): ro pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad-cethe `Christ's passion has been preached to you as though it were seen', Wb. 19b6 . is amal bid fri Crist frisorthe `it is as though ye offended against Christ', 10c12 . amal ninfessed cách et ronfitir calléic gl. sicut qui ignoti et cognoti, 16a2 . amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib gl. quasi non pertinguentes, 17b16 . amal ni cuimsimmis a denum gl. quasi [nos] infirmi fuerimus in hac parte, 17c18 . amal ni risinse do bar cosc si gl. tamquam non uenturus sim ad uos, 9a19 . amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tamquam morti destinatos, 9a3 . amal fid a fondamtis gl. quasi longam famem passi `as (though) it were when they suffered', Ml. 34b11 . amal bid do íc a galair gl. velut in doloris solacium, 23c9 . amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . amal ni bed ad and, 217a8 . amal bith do chonsain, amal as ṅ-dí `as though it were to a consonant, (or) as it is to it', 9b11 . amal bid oc caíned in guḟorgaill, Trip.² 87 . no lastais in aidche amal betis ruithni gréni, TBFr. 27 . amal ní acced is ní cloath ní `as if he saw not and heard not anything', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . amhoil búdh fear fiadhoigh thú, Desid. 3183 . With condit.: amhail do bhiadh gráin . . . aca air, TSh. 4255 . Later a.¤ ┐: amhuil ┐ do bheith riachtanas aguinne réna seirbhís, Desid. 5244 . The following may be elliptical, but could also be referred to I: otconnairc a gnúis amal aingel as (though it had been that of) an angel, PH 1313 . ni hairmither amal duin-orcuin do sin it is not counted as manslaughter, 4208 . atchīam-ne tú amail catharda díless hi neim, BColm. 106.6 . amal tofunn dotṡéstae as though it were a pursuit wherewith thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 § 25 (supply bid?).

(c) As temporal conj. expressing simultaneousness, while, when: amal immind-ráitset con-accatar F. cuccu `as they were talking about it they saw F. coming towards them', Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). amal batar ann . . . co n-accatar in tene, Trip.² 445 . amail notreigtis addurtaig `when they left the oratory', Mon. Tall. 132.12 (§ 12) . amal atib in dig nirbo chumain laiss F., LU 4030 ( SC 48 ). amal batar and . . . ico'n ol, PH 76 . amal itcualae . . . H. . . . . a beth i n-oen- tuma, 834 .

(d) As explicative conj. with adverbial force how, in what state, manner; how in sense of (the fact) that: bá foderc dó . . . amal ro both and how things were there, LU 8219 ( FB 16 ). a scrutan i n-a menmain amal doragad airi, 8223 (17). ni chumaic . . . innisin inna n-airecht sin amal itát what they are like, 1997 ( FA 6 ). indēsad dáib madh āil libh / amhail fūaradar oidhidh how they died, ZCP viii 119 § 1 . atchifet amal digeltar forru, PH 2806 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . do ordaigh Tairrdelbach . . . do lucht túaisceirt amal no raghdais dia taig, RC xviii 55.1 (Tig.). ro indis in echtra ┐ amail dochuadar for iar[r]aid usci , xxiv 202.4 . innister dó amhail ro escain Espuc E. . . . in fled, MR 24.18 .

(e) Doubtfully causal in: amal is i lóu bad sochrud ar n-imthecht gl. sicut in die honeste ambulemus since it is in the day, Wb. 6a30 . amal is tre bar tabirtsi dochum nirisse gl. sicut et uos nostra (gloria) . . ., 14c17 . In both cases the use of amal is no doubt due to the Lat. sicut. Possibly also: amail is tre metur ro cet in chantaice, Hib. Min. 6.188 .

Miswritten (am̄) for amlaid (aml—) in: is amal ro-batar in corp ┐ in cend oc tepersain fola, PH 1881 . is amal bói I. oc ernaigthi, 2202 . is amal fo-s-gébtái it é eroslacthi, 3753 .

In IGT Introd. 2.14 , 33.6 in phrase samhlughadh amhuil of adjectives in -amuil derived from nouns.

amlabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amlabar or dil.ie/3140

Forms: a., amlabra

adj (labar) dumb, mute: a.¤ gl. mutus, Ml. 49b1 . amlabra gl. muta, 42c6 . imfolngai són a.¤ inní frissarater, 42c4 . mad huaicniud bes a.¤ , 59a12 . dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55d25 . o a.¤ gl. a muto i.e. from the word `mutus', Sg. 37b22 . mutus .i. a.¤ , Auraic. 469 . mutus, amlapar .i. ainm do mnai bailph, 2934 (YBL). mutus .i. amlobar, Lec. Gl. 218 . bodor ┐ a.¤ , SR 7634 . buidir amlabair a mmathair ┐ a n-athair, LL 13355 . anmanna amlabra in usci , BColm. 16 § 13 . idail . . . ámlabra, PH 731 . amlabhar .i. balbh, O'Cl. As subst.: in ta.¤ án, Fél. June 20 . ?na oinmit, na ambil, na amlobair, O'Dav. 293 . a thenga [do thabhairt] do amhlabhar, FM iv 936.2 .

anís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anís or dil.ie/3656

(1 ís) adv. stressed on second syll.

(a) (from) below, beneath (`of locative relation to a definite object', Thurn. Gramm. § 483 ): ra hadnad in tene anís ┐ anúas issin tech, MU² 872 . isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.9 Comm. in t-uisce síos ina ráin / in sáile aníos immasech, SG 366.22 .

The relation is usually particularized by means of a preposition, most frequently FO: tech talman foí anís, MU² 809 . comtar foderci renna nimi fon fraigid immach anis, LU 8374 ( FB 25 ) = aníos, ZCP iv 157.28 . foib anís under them, TBFr. 25 . uaim fon carraic sin anís, LB 157b57 . With other prepp.: brechtān aníss ┐ anúass dó below it and on top of it, BColm. 84.7 . in srait fil frisin crois indnis, 18.30 .

(b) With verbs of motion up from below: tāinic . . . asin usci innís, BColm. 18.1 . co tanic . . . anís, IT i 39.21 . mar éirgheas . . . aníos, TSh. 7604 . With do-beir: Sen- Garman dobert a.¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 252.1 . aca breith sis . . . aca tabairt anis when being pulled up (a boat), Laws iii 210.22 Comm. na co tuca nech díb hí a.¤ (of pulling out a tree-trunk lodged in the ground), TBC 752 .

(c) in phrase techt aníos, livelihood (?): crēd hé in techt aníos mur an gcédna Celtica i 215.202 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airindí, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See Thurn. Gramm. § 823 , Ped. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of ar and for).

In Mid. Ir. for and íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airindí, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. Suibhne 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth Gabl. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdo- tāigi, TBC² 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, Arch. iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . Thurn. Gramm. § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. Thurn. Gramm. § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Ir. Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Studies i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, Thurn. Gramm. § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC² 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC² 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib (oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Ped. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth Gabl. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth Gabl. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth Gabl. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC² 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC² 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅ ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etar- scarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, Arch. iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth Gabl. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, cúis, écndairc, écen, ecla, gart, midlachus, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desim- recht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terri- bilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórm- ach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC² 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láin- léighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as- [c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla- sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Met. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab. 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobh- thar ortha go . . ., O'Hussey TC 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth Gabl. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, Arch. iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were dis- covered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 (for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Met. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sits 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

arthraigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arthraigid(ir) or dil.ie/4334

Forms: arthrugud

v also ardraigid(ir) (cf. airdrech).

(a) appears (to DO): ardrigid gl. [ap]paret, Thes. ii 23.35 (BCr.). ardrigiter (rel.) gl. parent, 31.23 . roardrigestar dúnni ó an[g]lib, Wb. 28c12 . coro árdraig dó in Coimdiu, Trip.² 280 . ? arddruig a Ch., 1591 . nó ardraigdis foillechta in gelcréchta and, 142 . artraigfid isind aeór i soilse, LU 2508 . isin méit inro arthraig dia apstalaib iar n-esergi, 2548 . niconn artraigfeth ind Áí, RC x 226.183 . in magin in ro artraig in ceo druidechta do L. artraigid dano in dubnel cetna, LU 8531 ( FB 39 ). dia ṅdibairgtis ní arthraigtis `if they were shot at, they used to disappear', RC xiii 448.z . manar artraig an galar bunaid i naimsir in cunnartha ┐ do artraigh iartain was not apparent, O'C. 656 (H 3.18, 319). ni roarrthraidi in t-usci , ZCP xii 368.32 (= ni ro artaige (sic), RC xlvi 234 § 4 ). artraigheadh in tirim let the dry land appear (i.e. after the Deluge), BB 15b1 . i ndomnach roarthraig (roartraigestar; atraicestar v.ll.) túag nime iar n-dílind, Ériu ii 198.7 . ni arrdraigestair a ndūn, ZCP xiii 373.30 . ro artra[ig]setar doib tengtha fódlaide, PH 5455 . da cuiread daine da n-idlocad as in tir ar na harthraigdis o sin amach isin pobul sen, YBL 147b6 . ro artraigset . . . renna . . . na ro artraigset in nim remi sin riam, CCath. 826 . ro artraigh an gaoth doib asahaithle, Leb. Gab. 258.14 . ro artraigh toirneach ┐ teinnteach mór, FM ii 804.8 .

(b) makes manifest, shows clearly (trans.): a trí i nard- raighther in which it is apparent, O'Dav. 1132 . gemadh re re niubaile ro fartraigedh he, O'C. 690 ( H 3.18, 334 ) = ro artraighedh é, 1108 (ib. 448a ) = ro rathaiged he, 654 ( 317 ). in galar bunaid . . . nochan artraigther ann fo cétóir, O'D. 1692 (H 5.15, 31a). Cf. arthraighis .i. gnímhaighis, O'C. 970 (H 3.18, 416). .i. métaigis, O'Cl. (cf. 2 arthrach).

Vn. arthrugud.

? as-sréi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? as-sréi or dil.ie/4512

Forms: assreud

v (see Ériu xviii 94 , Ped. ii 626 ): asrei fer díb in dam- dabaig tís cosin usci ┐ asrei fer aile in sliss sprinkles , LB 278a45 . is tréde asrethtar ann ┐ is triar asrei, 47 .

Vn. assreud. See asroither.

at-roí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-roí or dil.ie/4919

v expld. by Ped. ii 636 as from *ess-ro-so- with inf. pron. failed (to do or get someth.). `Orig. the person who failed was the object, what he failed to achieve was the subject; e.g. a-t-roi a n-guin "their killing turned him away'' "he failed to kill them'' ( Hib. Min. 70.10 )', Lewis and Ped. 398 . Usage however fluctuates somewhat in the exx., and it is not certain that the verb contains the root *so- or that it is connected with éraid (see as-ren, éraid, as-soí). rabāi . . . orci i seilb charat Cairpri . . . atrōe Coirpri ūad C. could not get it (the dog) from him, Corm. Y 883 . tíagait úad íarum. ata-roí a n-astod they could not stop them, BDD² 308 (`das Festhalten wendete sie ab, sie konnten nicht zurückgehalten werden', Ped. loc. cit.). at- roaside díchleith n-aire ┐ do-beir lán a chúaich de usci as it could not be concealed from him (a well), BDD² 1468 = atroasidé a dícleth, LU 7937 . ad-raī a nguin la toescad in muilinn, Fing. R. 879 (see above).

In follg. application of inf. pron. less clear: tuirsech mo menma. Addro luamain ┐ addagin eónu aili I could not fly, Im. Brain ii 292.31 (see Celtica v 139 ). doluid críne form assennath ┐ addró imthecht (forémed, v.l.) I was unable to walk, 287.30 .

With subj. indicated by verbal ending: atrōiset Luiguir co ndesetar impi, Otia ii 87 § 8 = adraiset Ligur, BB 135a18 they were unable to cross the Loire. With various pass. endings: ? aradroagas a thedachtsom isin chath had been prevented, TBC² 3619 . forémdes . . . o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter the house, LL 270a12 (atroas v.l., ZCP iii 7 § 24 ). at-rós a thairmesc he could not be prevented, Fing. R. 14 . at-roas techt ar in orggain they were unable, 397 . na conétat comaitecht (attaroet comhaidecht v.l.), RC xxi 376.9 . attroithe a rrím they could not be counted, LL 290a18 ( RC xiii 448.x ). Without inf. pron.: gegnaitsom banb bec díb, asrous iarom a brith día doud they were unable to bring it to be roasted, LU 1742 .

The follg. are unclear: romgobsa mo gesa ule anocht, ol C., hua ro-essa indarboe in tríar sin, BDD² 340 `those three have escaped banishment', ib. n. Fiachra Cassán febda in rí / da biach bar baill broé atróe (: broe), LL 6075 . ? atroroi cat comartan (rhet.), ZCP xii 402.y . ataforroi cath comortai. arotrai, 403.9 . Perh. also: atroebaid Gaidel co mbúaid / dula dó i ndegaid int slúaig / uair ba faith, fri glea scél / uamun Déa mac n-Israhél, SR 3997 = foremdes uad dul in ndegaid mac nIsrahel uair rosgab ecla he resan dia diar adairset, LB 118b52 . Strachan, VSR Index, suggests ten- tatively that here uaman may be subj., but this seems more likely to be dula.

aurchail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurchail(l) or dil.ie/5009

n (cf. ar-cuilli) prohibition, injunction: ní haurchail dano laisim cid dognether ess usci dondhí bís for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 143.18 (§ 42) . ni aurchoil laisseom (sic leg.) inn figil . . . do logud he does not forbid the vigil to be relaxed, 145.15 (§ 48) . ní aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid `he does not forbid anyone to sleep his fill', 161.26 (§ 82) . ni aurcuil dano deit a tír ind erlama fort chubus do fodil a toraid do bochtaib, 160.4 (§ 77) . cid noichtsealann . . . ni hurchail (.i. ní crosta) `even a `selann' at night was not forbidden', Rule of Tall. 1 . fothrucad hi n-imsitin is aurchaill ┐ is corbud, Rule of Céli Dé 47 ( LB 11a39 ). ? is and asbert aurchuil cacha mennatta (folld. by obscure utterance), ZCP viii 314.21 .

ballóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballóc or dil.ie/5307

n ā, f. = ballán: b.¤ d'usci glan, Laud 610, 26c . lan mballóice bice, ibid. (both cited from Plummer MS. notes).

1 bas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bas or dil.ie/5442

Forms: bos, bos, bas, bass, bassa, bosi, -seng

n ā, f. Also bos. bos bas, IGT Decl. § 39. See ZCP xviii 111.

(a) palm of the hand : bass `palma', Ir. Gl. 94. na bassa gl. palmas, Gild. Lor. 58. ní bí acht oen díb for a bais (of a juggling feat), BDD² 1168. benaid a hurlond fria bais co ba trí (of feat with lance), 1234 . éicnech ra imluaid a bais / ar a ḟindgruaid Enechglais, LL 7126. rosṁbī Brigit fria boiss (bois, v.l.) `against her palm', Thes. ii 346.5 (Hy.v). isat bána do bassa, TFerbe 711 . etrocht b.¤ fo beind mbuabaild bright the hand about a drinking-horn, IT iii 19 § 54. oc ool usci da bois builid, SR 1893. do bhárr a bhoise no imaineadh cach aeghaire feis cacha fidbaidi `with the palms of his hand', MR 100.18 . ro-s-buailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib a gnuis, PH 117. dearg an bh.¤ gidh bé ar a geall `red His hand', Dán Dé ix 16 . a-tá 'gan chol b.¤ rem béal `sin raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . as a basuibh bairr-gheala, Ériu iv 112.26 . gur buail b.¤ Críst in comlaid, 116.22 . ruc leis e ar bharr baisi he took him by the hand, 56.22 . dá ngabha mo bhais, Aithd. D. 40.10 . le bárr méir baise, Hackett xx 22 . daringni rethrean rebach bossi di (sc. of the spear of Saturn), LL 31778 ( TTr. 967 ). In name of a metre: debide baisi fri toin, IT iii 18 § 49 , bosi, 46 § 71 .

With prep. I in possession, control : an tir na bhais gé do beadh `in his hand [possession],' Misc. Celt. Soc. 412.17 .

In phrase b.¤ do thabhairt fá to reject : b.¤ do thabhairt fá bhréagánaibh an tsaoghail, TSh. 6984.

As object with vbs. of beating, striking, expressing grief or other emotion: adsoirg a bossa la sodain he beats his hands (of Bricriu on seeing his ruined house), LU 8383 ( FB 25 ). robuailsetar basa leo `they smote their palms', TTebe 2253 . rontuaircc a uassv ( = bhassu), Aisl. Tund. 93 § 2. tug . . . / treas fan uaigh ar bualadh bos, Rel. Celt. ii 234.40 .

Of capacity: co tuca nech dib . . . bais gráin do `a handful of grain', Laws iii 382.7 Comm. bass dina fertsib immon creitt `a handful ', Táin 4819 . Of hoofs, claws, etc. of animals and birds: b.¤ ind Ḟind `the White Bull's hoof', Met. Dinds. iii 372.17 . co ruildetar a mbossa ┐ a n-eti dind usciu (of birds), LU 3265 ( SC 6 ). cét mb.¤ for cach laim ┐ cét ningen for cach bais (of an infernal monster), RC iv 252.27 . nosnáit- is muir dia mbossa ( = mbassaib, ed.) `they (i.e. ravens) paddled the sea with their feet', Met. Dinds. iii 258.2 . eoin bas ndearg, Aithd. D. 9.9 .

(b) Extended applications: ballan boisi boighi .u. uingi `a boige is a small vessel with a handle', O'Dav. 201. do basaibh na ruádhrámha blades, CCath. 1934. do bhais fidraidh corcra cruind `with . . . wooden oar-blade', Magauran 1284 .

(c) As measure of length or breadth: ceithri orlaighi i mbais, teora basa i troighid, Laws iii 334.20 Comm. (see ZCP xiv 358 ). tinne laime .i. b.¤ a tiget a tinne, ii 252.8 Comm. is inann in fiche dorn so ┐ in tricha b.¤ tall i mbrethuib neimhe, 23 Comm. trí bassa téchtai: bass etir a assa ┐ a ochrai, bass etir a ó ┐ a berrad, bass etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún `three lawful handbreadths', Triads 222 . ba cáilithir b.¤ (= unius palmae mensura), Aisl. Tund. 100.3 .

Compds. With adjj. ¤gel having white hands: Ainnli baisgel, IT ii2 137.13 . ¤lebar: slat bhoisleabhar ón mBóinn mir (of Maguire), DDána 75.42 . ¤lethan (of a horse) having broad hoofs: gabur . . . b.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). -seng having slender hands: síodhaidhe boisseang (of Maguire), DDána 70.10 . With subst. and vn. ¤béimnech beating of hands (to show emotion): nuall . . . ┐ basbemnech ┐ ecaine, LB 154b35 . ¤orguin act of beating the hands: dogní in bosórguin se oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, LU 6927 (BDD). See baschrann, basgaire.

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc. M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', FM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. Fug. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', FM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rach- thai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfol- ach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, Arch. iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc. M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Ps. 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . ÉC xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, FM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC² 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. Finn i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis TC 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robh- adh? KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. Suibhne § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. Finn i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Ang. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam- sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbec- alma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní becc- dentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann Cóir A.2 ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briath- raibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō beg- s[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , Arch. i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Ir. Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Met. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bog- bhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, O'Hussey TC 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uisc- ech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

bennachad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachad or dil.ie/5658

Forms: bendachadh, bennugad

[u, m.] vn. of bennachaid. bendachadh, IGT Verbs § 106. In later lang. bennugad. act of blessing; a blessing: sénadh (ón bheannachadh), IGT Verbs § 80. ní lour in bendachad dia mmaldachae gl. benedicite, Wb. 5d23 . in bendachad thuc Dia for lucht coimeta na n-aithned, PH 7306. beannachadh prainde, Hib. Min. 41.22 . tainec . . . do cenn a benduighte, BCC 40. tresan mbeandugad dorinde se ar Domnall, 136 . iar mbeith do Naomh P. 'n-a sheasamh ag beannachadh an ríogh `giving a blessing to the king', Keat. iii 363. prīmh-eglus . . . ier n-a bennugadh, Fl. Earls 194.12 . ac beandochad inn usci , TTebe 1805 . ben- nugadh ┐ coissreacadh na sacramente naomtha `Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament', Fl. Earls 100.7 . da bennughadh exercising ecclesiastical functions there, BCC 204. Legal: im an nemabartain im nembendachadh, sechtmadh biathta in gráidh na dernna in bendachadh ` benediction ' ( Corm. Tr. 9 ), O'D. 501 (H. 3.17, 404).

Act of greeting, saluting: iar mbennachud do Adam `paying respects to A.', MacCarthy 50.7 . is ed ro-raid Ísu . . . oc b.¤ doib, PH 6757. ar n-a bennachadh do, do imthigh uaithe, Smaointe B. Chr. 316.

berbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbad or dil.ie/5697

Forms: beirbiud

vn. of berbaid. Also beirbiud.

(a) act of boiling, cook- ing: doberid íasc . . . ┐ caithit can berbhadh é, RC xxiv 380.9 , cf. Ériu ii 130 § 99. ar an usci dageib moran da ber[b]ud `water that receives much boiling', Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.17 . bearbh- adh a mbí inntibh d'íasg `as much water as would cook its fish', Bard. Synt. Tr. 9. 197.15 .

(b) act of smelting: mar sigemnaig builg oc b.¤ míanaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.30 (s.v. prúll). ag a bhearbhadh (of gold), Keat. ii 1913. Fig.: ní dú bearbha (: ealbha) dom bhinn `it is not meet that my fame be scorched', Ó Bruad. ii 138.19 .

See beirbiugad s. beirbigid.

berbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbaid or dil.ie/5699

Forms: beirbid, bruith, berbad

v also beirbid.

(a) boils, cooks: mani berba gl. decoxerit, Ml. 46c15 . no-mberbthide (? leg. -berbfide, Gloss.) dam co tinde and, BDD² 1449. in ro berbais in saill `hast thou boiled the bacon . . . ?' Thr. Hom. 60.5 . fulachtad na feola ┐ beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . ro hatád torc trichemrúad mórtheined imme co romberbastar, RC xiii 58.3 . ni berbamm salla na cárnai we cook not salted nor fresh meat, Alex. 882. cearca beirbthear a mbeacān eanbruithi = gallina cocta cum modico brodio, RSláinte 1851. (of a plant used in dyeing) is i berbthar tresin fual isin or mban co ndene derg de, Auraic. 5566. trí chaecait cét coire n-uma / i mbeirbthea mid maige Mháin in which mead of M.M. was brewed, SG 362.15 . is mor bruitheas a chuithe / gen co bruithi ani berbas (a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.z (SCano 404). ro berbi ar ind usci boiled it with the water, Mon. Tall. 147.10 . berbhtar limsa ar lossraidh na cailledh é (sc. a small bird), RC xxvi 374.5 .

(b) melts, dissolves: ro berbai in cend in cloich co ndechaid treithe the head had melted the stone, LL 14172. coro mberb ┐ co ro dílég cech n-anmanna boí inti, LL 21138 ( Dinds. 13 ). coro mberb (of snow), 37006 . is leis ro berbad ór ar tus i nHerind was smelted, 2022 .

Note also: mo brú-sa ris nī berba (B. na f.), Arch. iii 310.11 .

Part. lind brīge ┐ biad berbtha, Corp. Gen. 87.28 . do æl berbthi of baked lime, Rawl. 74b1 . Vn. bruith, berbad. Cf. 1 bruth.

bodar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodar or dil.ie/6275

Forms: buidir, bodhar

( Thurn. Gramm. § 119 )

I Adj. o, ā deaf: buidir gl. surda (aure), Ml. 38c15 . amal nathracha bodra gl. sicut aspides surdae, Tur. 11. bodhar (boghar, MS.) gl. surdus, Ir. Gl. 604. b.¤ .i. a pudore , Corm. Y 165. O'Mulc. 163. buidir amlabair a mmathair ┐ a n-athair, LL 13355 ( RC viii 52.4 ). co ro-shlanaigead a mac dall b.¤ amlabar, PH 1319. co n-adrad na hidla bódra, 967 . aroli daill, aroli buidir ┐ baccaig, 2491 . do shlanaigh se daine boghra, Smaointe B. Chr. 1914. i ndíol . . . na ndée mbodhar mbalbh do chor ar gcúl, TSh. 6085. Fig. ba-sa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . bodra forcetail `deaf to instruction' (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.67 . nirba bodur (bodhar, boghar, bouthar, etc., MSS.) frit guidi `be not deaf to prayer to thee', Ériu i 199.5 . ris an droing do bheir cluas bhoghar do ghuth ┐ do ghairm Dé `who give a deaf ear to', Donl. 218.20 .

Of sound indistinct (?); rough, grating (?): ní hinnte ata an guth bodhar `a confused tone' (a harp), Mann. and Cust. iii 357 n.405 . is bogar in fogur bís aigi (= rauce sonat), Rosa Ang. 74.23 . Of mist: tre chiachaib bodra brena buaid- irthi dim (?), TTebe 597 .

II As subst. o, m., ā f. deaf person: trí buidir in betha: robud do throich, airchisecht fri faigdech, cosc mná báithe do drúis `deaf ones', Triads 83 . Ri cos tuctha da galar / bodor ┐ amlabar, SR 7634. oc ic dall ┐ bacach ┐ b.¤ `healing the blind . . . and deaf', Trip. 174.2 . do-s-bera . . . etsecht do bodruib, PH 2270. im dingbail mic . . . di buidir (.i. in ben bodur, 140.33 Comm. ), Laws i 124.21 . In n. loc. i nGlind na mbodur, Laws i 1.4 .

Compds. tainic . . . ┐ a tri bodharbheicedha ass three deafening cries (Sjoestedt), RC xliii 78.16 . i richt bratáin bodair-chinn, Rawl. B 512, 98b (cited Meyer Contribb. 234 ). Síol Eoghain gan áird 's an Tál-fhuil bodharchlaoidhte `stricken dumb' (Gloss.), Keat. Poems 47. bodurfuamann compur na triath ┐ na trenfer ic tuitim `confused sounds', CCath. 5940. bodharghuth lag laoigh dull cry (of lowing of a calf), Measgra D. 5.17 . bodharghuth `a deafening voice', P. O'C. a Domhnaill . . . bodhurghruganaigh bodhurmed- lanaigh harsh and surly (?), IT iii 98 § 160. a bodarshāith d'usci na Sábrainde `his fill of the muddy water of the Lee', Aisl. MC 17.24 . do bodarusci, 19.11 .

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