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élúdach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élúdach or dil.ie/20011

Forms: -úidech, -úthach, -úithech, elodach

adj also -úidech , etc. or -úthach , -úithech , etc. o-ā (élúd) the quantity of the second vowel is seldom certain, probably there was also a form with neutral second vowel. Cf. élaigthech.

I Transitory, passing, impermanent: ro bad elothach...a maith isin bith, muna tisdais, etc., Laws iii 2.5 = elodach, i 50.6 . na ba rigi eluithech dosom a rigi that his sovranty might not be a fleeting one Rawl. 74 a30 . garb duaig tossach a ḟlatha...utinall eloithech a dered, ZCP xi 87 § 48 . flaith congbála co sluagaib dianechtair, gnath flaith lobur elaithech do suidiu a princedom maintained by foreign troops is commonly weak and of frail tenure 86 § 45 .

n II

(a) a fugitive, one who escapes (from battle, hunt or pestilence); a survivor: i n-iarmoracht na n-elutach (i.e. the Israelites fleeing from Pharaoh) BB 240 b36 . ni bía éludach esti nó óen di éis oirgni, RC xiv 418.13 . fer bethad no éluthach argni dina curadaib...nin érlá, LL 224b47 = TTr. 562 . co nach terna eluthach no ḟer bethad dib, BB 240b39 . LB 128 a6 . gan elodach innisin scel dib, CCath. 3192 . ro marbhsat...a mhuintir uile...co na terno éloitheach ...diob, Mart. Don. Feb. 10 . AFM v 1696.3 . bidat úatti accaintecha bar n-éluthaig, LL 238b28 = TTr. 1619 . mor ngol ...dorónsat a n-élothaig Pers, Alex. 391 . gé nách gnáth ár gan élóidhtheach, AFM v 1776.14 . Of animals, game: rosgonsat conna batar élódaig díb ( deer ) TBC-LL¹ 543 . ní dhechaidh éloidech beo as don tseilg, Acall. 917 . Freq. é.¤ bethad, é. i mbethaid one who escapes alive, a survivor: ni terna eludach bethadh...dip, CCath. 2846 . nir leigis eladach bethad orum dibh gan marbadh, ZCP vi 105.3 . a bhḟuil aigi do chrudh ┐ do mhuinntir gan élaithech a mbethaidh amárach dhíbh, Acall. 517 . tedhm do teccbháil i ccrích Chonnacht...gur folmaigheadh mór mbailte dhi gan elaidhthech betha dfágbháil ionnta, AFM iii 236.5 (cf. élaigthech).

(b) in legal sense an absconder, evader, fugitive (from law or legal obligations): céine...beta tuinidig ┐ nad mbat elathaig as long as they are in residence and are not evading Cáin Ad. 49 . aire do-eim elodhach rechta an absconder from law Laws v 174.17 . tech i mbiat elothaig cana no rechta (one of the houses for whose destruction no compensation is exacted) 160.4 . nech nad gella di troscud is eluthach na n-uile (.i. is eludach na n-uile dlighedh no na n-uile toichedha), i 112.16 ( 114.17 ) = ZCP xv 261 § 2 . 272. 27 . neach biathus elodhuch who entertains a fugitive Laws iii 60.1 . (with cognate verb:) athgabail eloduig aslui ar a fine, v 260.18 . .uii. n-eludaig dochuisin la Feine na dim nemed...; bech docoislet ┐ taid cu foindil ┐ eolodaig [= elodach , v 318.14 ] fine... seven fugitives...whom sanctuary...does not protect; migrating bees, wandering thieves and absconders from the kindred iv 184.13 = secht n-elaidthi, v 318.12 . aire ditnes elogchu v 174.26 Comm.