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ídal , ídol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ídal , ídol or dil.ie/27176

 

Forms: ídol, ídal, idal, i., Ídhal, Iúdhal

n o, m. (Lat. īdōlum). Written ídol in Wb., ídal in Ml. and later.

(a) an idol; sometimes a false god although dei idal (pl.) occurs twice for this: īdol ab idolo ... forma isin laitin. Unde idolum .i. delba ┐ arracht[a] inna [n]dūlae dognītis in geinti, Corm. Y 751. inna túari adopartar dond ídol, Wb. 10c1 . for altóir ind ídil, 6 . amal fongníter ídil as idols are served, 27b9 . in doini adordais inna idlu lstrok;. ind idail fadesin, Ml. 36d16 . dechur tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu cruthaigter foa cosmailius, 138c1 . ní fitir idal inna inchlidi amal rundfitir dia `knows not the hidden things,' 140c10 . fer ... adhartha idhal `an idolater ,' Ériu ii 116 § 47. apair fris, nacha n-erbbad i n-ídlu, ZCP xi 88 § 57. ar ṡacart ind ídail (v.ll. igail, idhail), Fél. Ep. 548. gin udbairt do deib i.¤ (g p. used attributively), Laws i 44.15 Comm. dofoethsat na hídala | dee duib na ngeinte cuilech, SR 8289. ic adrad Chroim Chróich rig-idail hErend, LL 16b30 . ro trascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu immda, PH 536. Astoróth a ainm in hídail, 1945 . in deman do-s-bered freccra díb as in í.¤ , 2034 . do Ioib, ar ba omnipotens léosam a ngeintib in t-idol sin, O'Mulc. 213. tar Pul, dar Ercle, dei í.¤ leosum indsin, 469 . ni dhéantaoi dhaoibh féin íodhuil ... nó íomháigh ghrábhálta, Levit. xxvi 1. an é an fearso ... an t-iodhal briste tarcuisneach `a despised broken idol,' Jeremiah xxii 28.

(b) idolater: oll ní ni i.¤ .i. is oll in trenfer hé ┐ noco n-idlacht dognith, LU 998 (ACC). tría thuaith na n-í.¤ , 1070 . gilla gargmōr | ic guin ī.¤ `Götzendiener,' Bruchst. § 23. comaillfithir d'Ēirinn | īdail dar a hora, ACL iii 240 § 1. idhul fil ann, .i. deman cailligi, Lism. L. x 23. doréir ídail ic draidecht `according to the will of an idolater working magic,' RC xxiii 414.4 . gnímhradh idhul ┐ ainchreitmech, Marco P. § 1.

In a more general sense, wicked or sacrilegious men: tuc ... da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-ilpianad (of the slayers of Cellach), Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 .

(c) By transference, a Jew: Ídhal, Iúdhal , IGT Decl. § 11.16 . ba aprainn na hIdhuil co hard iar n-ēguibh righ, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 16.14 . Iudás ... do thairbhir ... Iosa ... fo lamhaibh na nIodhal, BNnÉ i 66.30 . congmaid Idhail an talman sin an berla [E]abhra, Maund. § 237. gu nderna mé écht Ídhail | a ndíghail chrécht Dé dúiligh, IGT Decl. ex. 426. ar teiteadh an nintsamlaighthi re hiughlaibh `for the sake of shunning comparison between themselves and Jews,' O'Gr. Cat. 309.36. do eithidis na hiudhail an iodhbairt shitheach, Luc. Fid. 247.17 .

Compds. ¤adarthach idolatrous: crodacht ... na pontifici hí., PH 404. dobretha techta ... hidal-adarthacha di-a shúr, 539 . d'ecla int sloig' ... echtrand hídal-ádarthaig, LB 154b38 . ¤adrthóir, ¤adraigtheóir an idolater: an t-iodhaladhrthoir, Luc. Fid. 216.2 . go ndernsiad iodhaladhra no gurab iodhaladhrthóiridh iad, 194.y . fuagra air mur iodhaladhraightheoir, 195.15 . ¤adrad idolatry: cathair na-r-fhacaib in t-í., PH 2424. tre geintlidhecht ocus tre iodhaladhradh, Cog. 114.29 . iodhaladhradh do dhéanamh ... do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1925. g s. as attrib., idolatrous: a shacairt hidal-adartha, PH 378. a luchd iodhaladhruidh, 1 Corinth. v 10. ¤brug temple of idols: mairg adhrus an té isa hadhbha an t-íodhalbhrugh, Aithd. D. 76 § 8. ¤dathach coloured like an idol, like an image?: abrut ídlaidi ídaldathach, TTr. 1558. ¤idpairt an idol-offering: co caithdís feola mucc ┐ ídal-idpurtai, PH 6569. ¤tech temple, heathen temple: ind idaltaigae gl. fani, Sg. 66a19 . fecht ... do M. ic loscud idaltige = cum fano ignem injecisset, Lat. Lives 94.13 . ro garad chuige sacart hídaltaig (leg. —taige) in Ióib grianda, LB 207b49 . luidh isin idhailtech ┐ nobid ec edhpairt dona deib, RC xlvi 227.15 .