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Cite this: eDIL s.v. óinmit or
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: óinmite, óinmhid, áinmhid, oinmit

n ī ( Ériu xiii 150 ), f. (Teutonic loan-word through Cymric, cf. W ynfyd, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 21 or *ón + *menti-, Ériu xiii 150 ) g s. óinmite (but ōnmith, ZCP viii 309.3 , used of a man). óinmhid áinmhid (f., g s. n p. -i), IGT Dec. § 13.26 .

A fool , used of both sexes but chiefly of men (in Laws ii 44 z - 46.4 oinmit `a woman fool' is distinguished from on `a man fool', but the text is uncertain; see on); apparently a natural or half-witted person who might nevertheless possess considerable shrewdness and intuition or even occasionally inspiration. The óinmit seems to have been sometimes employed as a professional jester or entertainer; in the list of the 26 recognized social grades or callings in Laws iv 344.1 follg. the óinmit stands twenty-second in order. In later lit. the word denotes in general a simple or foolish person.

druth .i. oinmit , Corm. Y 472. onmit .i. mūit-omna .i. amlabar ┐ baeth, 1029 (an etym. gloss; all exx. show that the ó.¤ was not dumb). oinmhit .i. mer nó baeth, IT iii 276 (6) . oinmid, gl. sot[t]us, Ir. Gl. 512. cor druith .i. fer-oinmit , Laws i 52.31 . oinmit : fer miter im drochmnai co ndentar mear, iv 352.28 (an etym. gl.?). Curnan onmit, LU 2959 (described as having prophetic powers). primóinmid Erenn . . . intí Comgan ┐ fer lán do thuicsiu ┐ do rath in spirutano ím . . . in tan no bid C. for ceill no berad breatha fíru d'feraib in beatha. . . . In tan ba hóinmid immorro tiagadh na muire ┐ na huisci cosaib tirmaib, Ériu v 20.5 follg. ata espoc lend [ = linn] ┐ is oen-oinmit fer nErenn, 28.2 . Róimid rig-ónmit . . . ónmit Conchobair, LL 267a41 = MU 36.6 (described as a negro, carrying a bronze wand and bell and making entertain- ment for the king's household). bátar na ónmite 'co cluchiu, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 4 (of household of Conchobar m. Nessa). oc admolad Guaire ┐ a aesa dāna .i. . . . na fileada ┐ na segunna ┐ na druthu ┐ na hoinmiti, Ériu v 26 y . ónmid bandalta, ZCP viii 308.31 (of Conall or Corc m. Lugdach, see Cóir Anm. 54 and Keat. ii p. 384 ). do mallaigh Colum C. Conall . . . ┐ dorinde se oinmid gan cheill gan cuimhne de, BCC § 326 (of Conall Clocach son of Aed m. Ainmire, cf. ZCP viii 298.20 and x 48.17 ). nir mhiadh lasan righ dalta oinmhide do bheith aige to have an idiot as a foster-son, MR 274.24 . óinmhid . . . dá nach tug [Dia] céill nó creideamh, Dán Dé xxv 16. d'oin- mhidibh nó d'amadánaibh (persons excluded from sacra- ment), Eochairsg. 121.3 . Of a joker or punster: nach dtai- thighinn im chleasaidhe nó im óinbhid | i n-aimsir bainse nó cóisreach, Hackett xxvi 124. Of women: sóifid rodruine i n-ónmite ┐ athchessa `fools and harlots', RC xxvi 42 § 220. na hóinmhide (the foolish virgins), Matthew xxv 8.

Of an animal: ónmit na himmirgi (of the Dond Cuailnge), IT iii 246.94 ( LL 247a19 ).