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1 on

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n [o, n.] n p. tri on , ZCP xii 363.1 .

A blemish or disfigurement; in early sagas used of a blister (?) raised by a poet's satire on the face of his victim, and hence fig. a blot or stain on one's reputation, a social disgrace or dis- qualification (always in this sense in Laws text, save once); an early word, confined to poetic usage and legal texts. on .i. ainim, Lec. Gl. 361. O'Dav. 1307. O'Cl. fogeib teora boulga for a aghaidh . . . .i. on ┐ anim ┐ easbaidh .i. dearg ┐ glas ┐ ban, Corm. Y 698 ( p. 59.14 ). coro facaibset tri bolga for a gruaidib .i. on ┐ ainim ┐ aithis .i. dubh ┐ derg ┐ ban, RC xxiv 278 § 15. mor n-anrud . . . forsa-tardus on ┐ ainim ┐ espaidh, Anecd. ii 54.8 . dit glāime gom | nā raibh on | for inchaibh tuaithe let there be no blemish on the faces (blot on the honour) of the tribe, ACL iii 295 § 27. athgabail treisi . . . imm on, im ainbed `for a visible blemish, for a concealed blemish', Laws i 174.30 , glossed .i. i n-incaib, 176.16 . esorgain do mic, do moga . . . on it inchaib, 232.3 . im on les-anma `the blemish of a nickname', 236 y . Cf.on anma dam a radh `to say it is no soul's blemish to me' (? no libel on my part), O'Dav. 1307. tri on brethemon . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.1 (H 3.18 p. 9 a). nir onit was no shame to him ( = it was a credit to him), LL 35a34 . conā roib locht nō on nō anim . . . otha a hínd co a bond (of a woman), MacCongl. 97.19 . Cen on without blemish (fault), very common in poetry: fer sóer socheniúil cen on cen ainim, Thes. ii 241.8 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). issé úagṡlán cen on cen anim, LL 250b44 ( TBFr. 269 ). doíni delgnaidi cen on , IT i 133.4 ( LU 10862 ). Iacob mac Ailphi cen on , Ériu iii 196.5 . Niall gan on , Content. ii 7. fognad cách Dé mog cen on , Fél. 4.16 , cf. AFM i 408 z . is é mo thimna cen on , RC xiii 460 § 60. tri meich bracha cen on (.i. im ⃛ṡeirbi), Laws ii 250.1 , 12 .

1 ón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ón or


Forms: ón

indecl. neut. sing. demonstr. pron., lenited form of són (> sodin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 316 ), and used in nearly the same way. This, that , referring to someth. preceding, either a neuter noun or (more often) a statement.

(a) generally with copula: commarí far ṅdígal huaimse is coru dúib ón quam uindictam reddere that your vengeance should proceed from me, that is meeter for you, Wb. 5d37 . amal as do maccaib .i. iar forcitul ón that is, after teaching, 16a14 (gl. tanquam filiis). de iudeib ón , gl. seductores qui de circumcisione sunt, 31b15 . in testimni donuc sum riam is do imthrenugud ón . . . as n-inunn tosach pre- ceptae Iohain ┐ Íesu ( = his citation of the previous texts is to prove that, etc.), Thes. i 486.37 ( Tur. 39 ). tibit . . . ┐ do- berat gáir dó. Bá do chuitbiud Loegairi ón this was to deride L., FB 64. `Ni ba mor' ar F. `.i. mo breith latt do Emain Macha . . .' Ba écen ón (i.e. it was necessary to comply with the demand), IT i 106.17 . `Rop sén maith dūn' ol iat. . . . `Ni pu sén maith itir ón', MR 18.1 . With npr. or pers. pron. as pred. (= Fr. c'est, Germ. das ist): `Inn é Cormac sút?' ar cách. `Is é ón ém' ar Medb, TBC-LL¹ 185. `Táet ferthigis fri Máel Dúin' ol G. `Máel Dúin ón ém' ol sisi so that is M.! LU 1798 ( RC ix 488.9 ).

Esp. common in phrases like: is dethbir, fír, inonn, refer- ring to a foregoing statement or word: ar ilib . . . ┐ ni ar na huilib doínib. Deithbir ón, uair ní dona hulib doínib ro tharmnaig césad Crist, PH 5228. `Fír dam-sa ón' bar C. I spoke the truth in that, TBC-LL¹ 1110. ni bat ecra ind ḟir sin (is inund ón ┐ ni deceltar dam), 445 (a gloss incorporated in the text). `Elẏ Elẏ . . .' is inann on ┐ `a mo Dé', PH 3349.

Regularly used in connexion with the neut. pron. ed: is hed ón as fír, Wb. 13b23 , cf. 22a3 . is ed ón fogní la M. such is M.'s practice, Mon. Tall. § 33. mad ed ón if that be so, § 56. coica macc . . . ed ón ruc Eua do clainn [sic leg.], MacCarthy 26.14 . Is ed ón that is so becomes later a formula of assent = yes (Mod.Ir. seadh): `Gaoth druadh sonn' ol D. `Asseadh on' ol A. Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.5 . `Is alaind an n-inghen úd' ar A. `Ass edh ón' ar C., BCC § 241. Ed ón = Lat. id est, see 1 ed, and Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 427. cid ed ón though that be so, even so, TBC-LL¹ 3009.

After the interrogatives cid, cindus: `Ced ón, a meic bic' for C. `nad fetar . . .?' what is that? ( = what do you mean ?), TBC-LL¹ 930. `Cid on' ar se `nach mebal daib . . . ?, TTebe 3408 . profetia didiu is í gnúis forta na salma ┐ cindus ón and how is that so ? Hib. Min. 3.82 .

(b) with other verbs, as subj.: `Airg-siu dia guidi . . .' Dogníther ón (the behest is obeyed), IT i 74.15 . dorónad ón (that prediction) was fulfilled, Mon. Tall. 34. `Is missi in Cuchulaind. . . .' `Ro[m-]mairc-se ón ém' ar in gilla that is the worse for me, TBC-LL¹ 1415.

As obj.: nicon laimemmar-ni ón , Wb. 17b8 , cf. 18a19 . ní thabur duit ón I do not put it for thee, Sg. 173b2 (where the lenited vb. indicates a 3 s. neut. inf. pron.), cf. 179a4 . ni Maolrúoin imargu asrubart frissim ón it was not M. who had told him to do so, Mon. Tall. 5. As advbl. acc.: `Am écen-sa tocht i nherus inalta. . . .' `Mairgg théit ón ám' ar S. woe to him who goes on such an errand, TBC-LL¹ 558. `Ergc co Comgell. . . .' Docoid-som ón dano, Ériu ii 222.4 (cf. Mon. Tall. 154.9 ) ; cf. dachóid son dano, ib. 12 . Perh. also in follg. exx. where it displaces a pl. or a masc. pron.: aithirgid bésu diand-aithirsid ón mend your ways; if ye mend them, Wb. 9a23 . ra fess . . . na tibertha [in Dond Cualnge] ar áis co tuctha ar écin ┐ do- bērthar ón and he shall be given ! TBC-LL¹ 160.

(c) rarely referring to someth. following: nicon géb-sa ón dít-su ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I will not hinder thee from going to a groom, LL 251a40 = TBFr. 314 (repetition of ón prob. a mistake). dethbir ón duit-siu cia no gaba in n-étach sin imut, PH 8186.

(d) in Mid.Ir. the pronominal character of ón tends to dis- appear and it is freq. found in conjunction with another pron. or a subst. (not necessarily neut.), becoming finally an expletive particle: `Ro charas tusai . . .' ar sisi. `Ni ba tochuiriuth drochcarat det-si ón aní sein' ol Eochaid (i.e. that avowal will not prove an invitation to an unworthy lover), IT i 120.27 . ba hé so clerech ba ferr enech a nÉrinn. Follus ón sin, BColm. 98.24 . is andsain ra iarfaig C. . . . in tan ón bai nél solus bharsin grein namely when there was a cloud, TBC-LL¹ 5860 (refers to andsain). fer fíren forglige . . . fer ón nā ro aentaig fri col nā peccad, PH 2913. `Tabair oirmitiu do Adam. . . .' `Ni thiber-sa on' or L. `oirmitiu do A.', LB 109b54 = MacCarthy 44.18 . `Cid ara n-aince orum in laech so?' ar A. `Ar bithin on' ar T. `dorat . . . dam' it is because, BB 426a48 . turas cródha dhósomh ón an turas hisin, AFM ii 1056. 19 .

(e) in later Mid.Ir. poetry often used as expletive to secure the full number of syllables, esp. with repetitions; a device called in prosody `formolad'. fer-on a formoladh, Auraic. 1793 (declension of `fer'). ben-on a formoladh, 1839 . co clothaib, clu nadh gand ōn , 5284 . maith bethu bithi ann ōn , 5286 . amrán sin na mban-ón binn, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.61 . cid ón cid diata Temair?, i 2.16 . cuma leam ón cuma lem, TBC-LL¹ 4461 St., cf. 4469 , 4477 , 4493 . Becan ón is ón Becan, SG 105.26 .

2 ón , (óin)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ón , (óin) or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: óna, onai, ona, úan, ón, úain, óin

n i, f. g s. óna. n p. onai, Laws v 370.1 . ona, 278.1 . Vn. of oidid, = O.Ir. úan, ón , ā, f. and s, n. ( Cáin Ónae 37 ); later úain is used as distinct from óin.

The act of lending; a loan ; freq. coupled with airlecad, cf. oc uain et airlicud, Wb. 31c5 , where Edd. Thes. translate: `in loaning (commodare) and lending (mutuo dare )'; in Laws iii 492 n. 3 it is said that `óin' means a loan without charge, interest being charged if it is not returned within a specified time, whereas `airlecad' means loan with charge or interest, but this distinction is not always borne out, see Cáin Ónae 32-35 . In lit. the word is used in a wide sense. oin .i. iasacht, O'Dav. 1312 ; similarly O'Cl. `oin' [on v.l.] cennach, `uain' iasacht, Metr. Gl. Ff. 68 (i.e. hiring as oppd. to lending?). ? oin .i. o inde tic do nech, Corm. Y 1037. íasacht follán [iasachta saera v.l.], óin [saine, oin ar oin v.l.] fri toich `lending without stint, acceptable loans' (?), Tec. Corm. § 3.36 ; perh. lending gratuitously, a loan on fitting occasion (or on due security?). bid aithrech ón is iasacht (of the loan or gift of a horse), Metr. Dinds. iii 454.68 . combeth a haisec dia hón (= that she might be restored after being carried off), i 8.47 . dligi[d] cach oin a taisic, Laws v 278.8 . cāin ona la Fene: on fri hairchenn, oin fri hanaircenn lending for a specified or for an indefinite period, v 368.9 . atait secht n-ona oidither la Feine nā dlegar a taisic, 278.1 . re ré na hona no na fochraca `during the term of the loan or the hire', 210.18 Comm. di tir foc[h]raice no ona `hired or let land', i 138.34 Comm. ar oin no ar airlicud on loan or at interest, ii 374.26 Comm. (common formula). cach ni doberur i n-oin ┐ i n-airlicud, 46.7 Comm.

? 2 on , (? ón)

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Last Revised: 2019


n o, m. an idiot : [ni gaibter athgabail druith nā dasachtaidh] nā oin [nā oinmiti] `male idiot', Laws ii 44 z , glossed: oin .i. on an fer [oinmiti .i. femen], 46.3 ; text doubtful. ō ro-mbēotar an dā ón 'when the two maniacs slew him', BDC 136.503, 272.807 . As pn: in dā Ōn , BDC 114.173, 134.482 . Cf. onán and ónna.