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1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o, n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. preceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb. 13 c 26 . Sg. 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Ml. 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg. 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Ml. 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg. 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb. 13 c 26 . PCr. 62 a 3 . Sg. 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb. 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Ml. 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb. 7 d 10 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb. 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Ml. 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg. 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb. 13 b 26 . Ml. 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg. 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Ml. 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna, LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch ( duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib, LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir, LL 170 a 29 . dechair, SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair, LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair, BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair, LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deochair, LL 10 b 40 . deoch-, LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair, LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib, SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de-chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. 1 de, di (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud, CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Ml. 24 d 25 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb. 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Ml. 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg. 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg. 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, eterderscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la, LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb. 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg. 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Ml. 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb. 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb. 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Ml. 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Ml. 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg. 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .— cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm, LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg. 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, PCr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb. 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg. 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg. 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Ml. 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena, LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Ml. 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt, Wb. 13 b 26 . differentiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg. 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc, SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg. 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .— deochair eter maith is olc, SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb. 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Ml. 69 a 19 . cen dechair, LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Ml. 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain, LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb. 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand, LL 10 b 40 ( deabhas d. a ndeadh rand, BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil, SG 90. 15 . Fél. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib, BB 204 b 18 , Todd Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.