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1 ecna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ecna(e) or dil.ie/19605

Forms: ecne, æcne, écnæ, ecnae, ecnæ, écna, ecna, egn, eagna, ecni, écnai, ecnai, ecnai, ecna, eagna, ecne, æccne, ecnae, ecnai, egn, æcnu, écnu, æcne, æcni

n io, n. later f., rarely m. nom. ecne Wb. 7c15 . 8b3 . æcne, 8a10 . écnæ, Ml. 51b7 . ecnae O'Mulc. 361 . ecnæ, Ml. 128d9 . écna, SR 7005 (unrimed). (in, ind) ecna , PH 6862.7106 . egn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.18 . (an) eagna , Proverbs viii 1 . voc. a ḟírecnai, Hib. Min. 43.4 . gen. ecni, Sg. 2a2 . écnai (imláin), SR 7038 . ecnai (eruill) 7058 . (in(d)) ecnai , Fél. Feb. 9 . PH 6861 . Lat. Lives 110.6 . ecna, PH 3961 , etc. (na h)eagna , TSh. 1847 , etc. acc. ecne, Wb. 8a14 . æccne, 2a17 . ecnae, Ml. 89c5 . ecnai PH 7103 . egn, Ériu iii 144 § 13 , etc. dat. æcnu, Wb. 8a10 . écnu, SR 7001 . 7025 (: frecru).

I Wisdom, knowledge, enlightenment , used to render Lat. sapientia, and frequently of Divine wisdom or of spiritual knowledge, but also applied to human learning in its widest sense; of acquired knowledge ; rarely intelligence, skill (see ex. fr. ZCP xi 151 below): philosophos .i. grádhuightheoir na heagna, Keat. ii 159 . is huad cach n-ecne (gl. solo sapienti Deo) Wb. 7c15 . aní nad comnactar doíni tria n-ecne ( 1 Corinth. i 25 ) 8a14 . nad fes cid as maith no as olc...manidtarti écnae Dæ, Ml. 51b7 . ind ecna diadai PH 7106 . hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni (gl. in omni studio) Sg. 2a2 . éula i fiuss et æcnu (gl. oportet episcopum...esse... doctorem) Wb. 28b23 . multitudo scientiae .i. immad fessa ┐ ecna, PH 6237 . nad imradi ecna na crabad na suith, Ériu vii 138.6 . buith cen æccne (gl. non est intelligens) Wb. 2a17 . tucad roga | do Solum... | da ruc egna d'ardrogain Solomon took wisdom as his choice Ériu iii 144 § 13 . PH 3961 . SR 7005 . o rath ecna ┐ fhatsine PH 3659 . 4490 . tús na heagna omhan Dé (= initium sapientiae timor Domini) A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 1 . luid do ḟogluim ecnai cusin uasal-epscop (= sapientiam addiscens), Lat. Lives 110.6 . ACL iii 12.5 . sinnsear la fine, feabta la flaith, ecna la heclais, Laws iv 372.1 . secht ngraidh ecna dno docuisin .i. rosai ocus saidh, anruth ocus sruth do aill, ocus fursaintid, etc. 354.22 . imusfreccrat gradha ecna ocus eclasa fri gradha file ocus Féne; acht is ecna mathair cacha dana dib conid as a bais uile hebhait 356.25 . egna gan fhos | fregra abaid gan eolos `wisdom without stability' (of superficial attainments), O'Gr. Cat. 556. 18 . damad derb leis dul go grod | ...ni dingnad egna na modh | ar egla a dul don shaeghul, ZCP vii 301 . go raibhe 'na ollamh i n-eagna agus i n-eolus, Keat. ii 2059 . ná meas m'eagna ar m'óige...is sine ná m'aois m'fhoghluim, Dánfhocail § 114 . éolus...eagna knowledge...knowledge Proverbs xviii 15 . gach uile eagna all wisdom xviii 1 . Cf. iar seanchaidib na gaedilgi annso anuas.iar senchus in ecna imurro so sís, Laws i 34.24 Comm.

Of an erudite work (?): d'ēis a dhēnta sa dhīola | le Dia ag deanamh eissīogha | bhur n-egna dobeir gan bhuil | (a) fir na hegna d'iarroidh `poetry' (acquired knowledge?) ZCP x 267 § 5 = Measgra D. 179 .

pn In epithets: sruaim ṅ-ecnai (of St. Sechnall), Fél. Nov. 27 . sruaim ecna uaigh (St. Cainnech), ACL iii 220.15 . muir n-eccna (St. Colum C.) ZCP viii 197 § 13 .

In the follg. ex. the meaning is apparently understanding, intelligence>skill: anmanda mōr | co n-ecnu ōg clessa combraiss, ZCP xi 151 § 39 = Anecd. i 55.8 , see note on eagnamh and eangnamh in Gadelica i 297 n.1 (cf. ITS xxiv 149 ). Cf. co n-écnu óg, in ref. to Solomon, SR 7001 .

pn Personified: Ecna mac na trí ṅDea ṅDana, Imm. in da Th. 139 ( RC xxvi 30 ). Ergna mac Ecnai, 138 . see also cit. above fr. Laws iv 356 .

II Of persons,adj wise, enlightened ; as subst. a wise man, philosopher, sage: n s. æcne (gl. sapiens) Wb. 9c14 . 8d10 . mainba æcne lib if I be not wise in your opinion 17c10 . is and is ecne et is fissid cách, iar n-etarcnu Crist (gl. in quo sunt omnes thesauri sapientiae et scientiae) 26d25 . cith sui cid espoc cith ecna, Ériu vii 138.6 . is angel is ecna nóeb | cech óen dogní toil ind ríg | IT i 319.13 = LL 284b33 . g s. isnaib inscib...ind aecni words of the sage Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.25 ). n p. nitat æcni huili all are not wise Wb. 8a17 . act rísam nem bimmi æcni et bimmi foirbthi uili, 12c9 . d p. arnaib huilib geintib écnib (gl. Graecis opp. to barbaris) 1b6 . nech di æcnib in domuin 8b4 . Of things: is ecnae ind ord preceuptae se, Ml. 68c9 . Compar.: cenn caich...besa ecna who is wiser than he Laws iv 374.4 (see ZCP xiv 369 ).