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1 esbaid , esbud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 esbaid , esbud or dil.ie/20393
Last Revised: 2013

f. (ess + both, buith, vn. of subst. vb.) lack, loss, deficiency, defect: ogṡlan gin on gin ainim gin esbuid, ZCP iv 42.4 . cen turbadh ┐ gen espud, Laws i 262.21 . bla easbaidhe; crich incoisce easbaigh talman .i. fan no seisc...no lathrach seanroda `a defect mark i.e. a district defined by want of land i.e. a declivity or a sedgy place...or track of an old road' iv 144.7 . is mor for n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 . 2895 . fuilledh a n-esbadh supplying their defects (omissions; of the pagan laws) Laws i 38.19 . do dhealbh Dia...an teagh-sain | ní fhoil...easbhaidh ann, Dán Dé xxxi 2 . chum easbhuidhe want, indigence Proverbs xxi 5 . xiv 23 . Affliction, injury: doilghius im na [h]esbadhaib sæghalla temporal losses ZCP iv 384.7 . na huilc ┐ na hesbadha [sic MS] móra sin aga ndenamh ag na haithechthuathuibh, Ériu v 76.20 . Fianaig. 70.27 . tar eis áir ┐ esbadha do tabairt ar Midechaib, RC xviii 164.9 . fíor-thairrngire na n-olc ┐ na n-easbadh, TSh. 6683 . Especially of loss by death, losses in battle, slayings: sé mili...esbaid Gréc o Troianaib, LL 144a11 . co fintáis a n-esbada oc B. that they might find out (the number of) their losses (i.e. their slain) BDD 68 . ni fes méd a n-esbadha, RC xviii 299.12 . re himut a n-esfadha, TTebe 3868 . ro adhnaicset clanna N. a n-easbada buried their slain ZCP xiv 241.14 . Mac M. do écc... ┐ ba moir-easbaidh eside a great loss AFM iii 334.5 . tri hesbada cutruma tucad ar Eirinn...┐ issí seo in cethramad esbaid... .i. Find, Acall. 5275 . (Med.) scrufuile .i. easbada ┐ cnuic bragad `neck defects and neck lumps' (of scrofula) O'Gr. Cat. 196.27 . easbadha braghat `scrofula, King's evil' BNnÉ 147.38 (ii 344) . disinteria ┐ cretan ┐ esbadha 'scrofula (?)' Ériu x 147.4 . (accalife)...a cur amal ceirin ar na heasbudhuibh ┐ fóiridh iad, 23 K 42, 327.22 .

With gen. of thing wanting or missing: secht cēt dēc cen essbaid n-oenfir...rosmarb C., Rawl. 85b18 = RC xxxvi 262 . esbaid daim na bó loss of ox or cow CRR 4 . comlantius cecha huilc la hesbaid cech maithiusa, FA 20 (LB). PH 3638 . 6167 . essbuid cecha maithiusa, 4344 . tre esbhuigh an indḟuartha = propter privationem eventationis Reg. San. c. iv . esbaidh díleaghtha, TSh. 1574 . o fuair esbaid a ingine `discovered the loss of his daughter' TTebe 20 . iomarcaidh no easbaidh sunnartha excess or insufficiency of definition IGT, Introd. 2.26 . d(i) e.¤ for lack of: go rachadh cluain, d'easbhaidh ḟear | gan bhuain, TD 27.32 d'easbaidh na ngrás, TSh. 7835 . Cf. d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca from the fault that they had not belief 7835 . ar (for) e.¤ missing, lost: co mbeth se ar esbaid tri n-aidhci missing for three nights Laws v 324.11 Comm. [in lucht] rochuatar for easbaidh o A. who had gone astray from A. Aen. 327 . áiremh ar easbuidh a reckoning with a deficiency ZCP xiv 232.1 . d(i) ¤ or d(o) e. lacking to: nech hi pairilís ┐ cos ┐ lamh dia easbaidh , lacking (the use of) foot and hand BNnÉ 10.1 . nach biadh a mac...da easbaidh would not lose his son AFM iii 634.19 . ropo lór in fer marb diar n-esbud, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26.2 (as lór aoinfer do esbaid oirn v.l.) = LL 118b27 (in the v.l. e. seems used as vn.; cf. iongna do ḟuilngeadar... | a n-eighriocht orra d'easbhoidh, TD 24.10 ).

i n-e.¤

(1) missing, lacking, absent from: ni bai ní a n-easbaidh acht a mbeith can gein there was nothing lacking save that they were without children ZCP vii 307.20 . ní roibhe ní a n-esbaidh fer nÉrenn re lind an rígh sin, Ériu iii 150.9 . ní fuil ní...ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . gan dul go Tír T. | go mbeinn bliadhain 'na heasbaidh a year away from it Ir. Monthly 1921, 28 . fuair sí... | gach ní dhá n-uair 'na heasbhaidh everything she needed TD 15.32 .

(2) in want: níor dhiúlt sise...neach i n-easbhaidh, Dánta Gr. 87.59 .

With ar (for) of pers. etc., want, lack: intíí er a mbí esbuid na ngrás, PH 7754 . nach aithnend in esbuid indus do beth esbuid uirri ann, 7466 . tucsat biad cuca...┐ ni boi esbaid fair acht slicht a mbeoil amain ann the food was not diminished ACL iii 224.34 . má tá easbhaidh | ar an ndúnadh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . ni bhiadh easbhaidh orm, TD 11.2 . ní rabhattar...acht easbhaidh ar tri céd did not amount to three hundred AFM vi 2316 x . With d(i): as espuid dia airmitin a loss to his dignity Anecd. ii 67.11 . With ó: nad rabi ní bad esbaid úad, FB 4 . a hesbaid uathib its having failed them PH 7013 . In: in testa esbuid uaibsi a hEmain have you lost anything from E.? ZCP v 501.31 the first prep. completes the verb. Note the following superficially similar construction, with a different sense: easbhaidh ón toigh ní theasdá `no privation is wanting there' Dán Dé v 39 .