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1 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fál or dil.ie/21231

Forms: fala, fáltaigib, fáltaib, fál

n o, m. cf. fál o, m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . (orig. neut. ? n p. fala, Laws v 500.9 ). The pl. forms fáltaigib, fáltaib, cited below, are perhaps caused by contamination with 1 búaile (q.v.) which is common in similar contexts. A fence, hedge, enclosure: fál `a hedge' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 334 . domfarcai fidbaidae fál a hedge of trees overlooks me Thes. ii 290.7 . fri frega f.¤ `against the wall-fence' 293.22 ( SP ii 9 ). clár cóir cobsaid ... fal fri fóir forsaid, SR 982 (cf. fal ḟossud 986 ). draighneach bis i fal...`a blackthorn which is in a ... fence' Laws iv 150.11 Comm. felmae quasi fal im bae, ar is fal fedae focorthar ind, O'Mulc. 511 . ro choimhrithsat na huain ar amus a maithrech, ár ní raba fal eatarra, Lism. L. 4847 . ba fal re mbruchtud robarta `a hedge against the swelling of a spring-tide' (of a hopeless undertaking), Cog. 162.22 . focherd-san a ḟál mbodhbha ... i n-imthimcheall ceitri n-ollchóiged nErenn, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n. 1 , cf. 'na cathchliathaibh ... ┐ 'na faltaighibh bodba umpu, CCath. 2691 (faltaibh v.l. see Compds. below, under -tech). fál catha, CCath. 1722 = moenia clausa ... iuvenum Luc. Phars. iii 373 . fal mara `a sea-wall ' (expl. of Fālgai = Fālchae) Ériu ii 22.11 . fál tonnmhuire 'na thimchioll the billowing sea as hedge TD 28.35 . g s. nach faicci ... inad in fail? `the site of the wall' (of a camp) CCath. 2997 . athnuagugad na mur ┐ tormach na rath ┐ na ḟal (of fortifying Troy) LL 407a42 . d'faltaib in longphuirt, CCath. 5421 . fá na fáltuibh, Luke xiv 23 . do bhris tú a ḟálta uile all his hedges Psalms lxxxix 40 . do phlanduigh ... fíneamhain ┐ do chuir fál uimpe (= saepivit eam) TSh. 10484 . leim tar fal amach a leap over the hedge (i.e. an evasion) Luc. Fid. 286.7 . Often fig.: nai ngrad na gnath-ṡairsi | bud f.¤ fam naomhaib-si, ZCP viii 214.10 . inti scuchas fal dochraite dibh the barrier of oppression Laws iv 376.16 Comm. f.¤ na fírinde, IGT, Decl. ex. 1068 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhf.¤ bhfírinne se, TSh. 6714 . f.¤ na foghluma, Studies 1924, 89 . na soibhéasa bhíos 'na bhf.¤ timcheall na hanma, TSh. 1469 . ... atáid 'na bhfál re broscar bíodhbhadh, Keat. Poems 35 . In Laws, a legal barrier: cis lir fala for iadat dilse cacha selba, SM Facs. 1a20 (`how many are the bars which shut up the right to every kind of property ?' Laws v 500.9 ). fal fine (.i. inn imi dani in fer fini, etc.) ib. SM Facs. 23 ( Laws v 500. 10 ). muna tuctar, is fal `unless they are given, it is a bar' Laws v 504.5 Comm. fal anfaitcis (.i. ... in ime doni in tí ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan), Laws v 508.19 . Cf. ZCP iv 227 . fal fingaili (= the murder of a kinsman as an impediment to assuming sovereignty) Leb. Cert. 110.17 .

Compds.: ¤airbe hedge-fence: (fig. of an encircling phalanx) fál-airbi ferrda ... Frangc, MR 214.17 . ¤chip close phalanx: pl. fālchipeada fēigi, 224.6 . ¤chliath a hurdle: co rallsat ... falcliatha sciach ┐ draigen isin n-āth, Dinds. 61 . ¤dos = a thornhedge: Micah vii 4 . ¤tech (?) an enclosure, pen: alma ┐ éiti ... iarna lecud as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 390 ). Cf. CCath. 2691 cited above.