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1 fót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fót or dil.ie/24133

Forms: fot, ḟoit, fóit, fotu, fót, fotaib, fóit, fōide, foite, -foitib, fotaibh, fódaibh, fát, fád, Fáid, fáidibh

n o, m. in later lang. decl. varies, see IGT, Decl. § 88 . n s. in fot , Ml. 37d14 . g s. ind ḟoit , LL 115a10 . n p. fóit, LU 9249 , 10466 . a p. fotu, 9848 . g p. inna fót , Ml. 126a15 . d p. fotaib, 84a5 . LU 10467 . In Mid. Ir. occas. with slender forms : d s. don chetfóit , LL 290b35 . n p. fōide, Corm. Y 1265 . foite, TBC-LL¹ p. 719n. 13 (St), foidi, p. 85 n. 16 (St), cf. d p. -foitib, CCath. 4103 beside fotaibh, 994 , fódaibh, 1749 . The variant fát (fád) is found in Early Mod. Irish ; fád (: atád), IGT, Decl. ex. 792 ; 1632 . g s. ... Fáid na bhFionn (: táid), TD 8.5 . d p. fáidibh (: láidir), IGT, Decl. ex. 1633 .

(a) a sod (of earth), a clod: gl. gleba Ml. 37d14 , 84a5 , 126a15 , caespes Sg. 66b6 . fod (gl. gleba) Ir. Gl. 119 . dobiur f.¤ dom thír fom chossaib, LU 1841 ( RC ix 494 ). foot (diss.), Anecd. i 63. 111 . corop cerchaill cach f.¤ feránach, LL 171b26 ( CRR 6 ). co ro sceindset na fóit a crūib na n-ech, LU 10466 = ZCP iii 260 § 87 . ina curtis na eich do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib, LL 110a8 ( RC xiv 416 ). ( co ndringitis for fodaib ┐ for lesaib do dechain Hectoir, LL 405a31 is perh. corrupt; TTr.2 in corresp. passage, TTr.² 1094 , has : for foradhaib ...). ro tócbuid tuir ... do cria[i]dh ┐ d'fódaibh, CCath. 1749 . fod do breith d'feronn na naomh, ZCP x 32.5 . fott for cloich, cloch for fot (of different kinds of dyke) Laws v 270.26 Comm. Of a grave : apraid rum cia f.¤ fo a fail, LL 209a ( Ériu vii 228 ). dorat fod furri (= buried her) BB 40b36 . guid fot fair i Ros na rig, YBL 181b23 = BB 260b42 (in SG 256 the text of the preceding passage is faulty). Cf. fon fot na hullta, Laws v 448.29 Comm. gach taeb ōg ar nach fuil fāt (: tād), ACL iii 2372 (`every young body yet unburied' Studies 1934, 300 ).

(b) a spot of earth (of a small and definite place) : tech mic ind Óc ... rígda f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . do cuingidh in foit bic i ndingnem cathraigh, Aen. 1579 . do rug leis e coruigi an fod ar ar fāgaibh ingen diūice L., ZCP vi 66.16 . ar ḟód ḟéagtha ḟátha `to a retired place to examine into his cause' ML 98.27 (= ML² 1341 ). cf. rucsat leo hé ar f.¤ scrután gaīsse fo leith, Acall. 6191 . ar fhód mhearaighthe `on the path of error' Dán Dé vi 4 . co ruc ... a mac ... for f.¤ raith réil `on a site of bright auspice, she brought forth a ... son' Ériu vii 223 ( LL 208by ). is eicen do neoch a thecht | cosin f.¤ forsa mbí a thiglecht, TBC-LL¹ 3666 . cai [ = co] fesur foat forsin m[b]ebai ┐ fout forau ngēnir ┐ fot forsa n-adnuic, ZCP ii 315.2 . tri fóid nach fétann aon-duine do shechna ... .i. fód a geine, fód a báis ┐ fód a adhnacail BNnÉ 236 § 159 = trí foide ..., BCC p. 102 . fot in gheine f.¤ in bháis ┐ bhót in adhnacuil, ACL ii 137.11 . ara fhōd bāis, ZCP x 32.8 . ni bi duine ar doman gan a ḟod urdalta ... oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 .

(c) soil, land, territory: a ngaibes [fuidir] o flaith, ... etir fod ┐ indngnam, Ir. Recht 66 ( SM Facs. 3ax ). gabaid ... fot ... otá aniar Iordanén co hEofrait sair, LB 125a50 . as na fóidibh i bhfuileam, Top. Poems² 3 . d'ionnsuighidh ḟóid Eadáille, TD 24.28 . orláimh Ḟóid Mheadhbha, 21.34 . i bhfádaibh Néill, Hackett vi 8 . Cf. do righ Febhail na [bh]fót, Leb. Cert. 124.10 .

(d) idiomatic expressions : f.¤ crithaig : co nderrnadh f.¤ c. don uile doman `the whole world became "a sod of trembling"' CCath. 290 , cf. f.¤ crithach , 5644 . coccad mór ... co mboi Ere ina fód crithaigh, AFM ii 1078.11 . an fer las a ndernadh fód crithigh d'Erinn uile, 1182.2 . f.¤ cró a sod of gore, a scene of carnage: is f.¤ c. in tilach sa indiu lat, LU 10460 (= ZCP iii 260 ). f.¤ fábaill : land of bewilderment (?) tugsad ... na fód fhabhuill | fairche ... fhuinn L. | do dhruim thoitme a thighearna, O'R. Poems 1314 . See 1 fáball. f.¤ fírinne : ní fód fírinne air ar canuis, CF 419 Eg. (= ni ba fír sin, 924 Rawl.). f.¤ fáenlige : ga ḟurmiáil ri f.¤ foenlaige laid prostrate TBC-LL¹ 5714 = ri fáet foenlige, 5720 (see furmiáil). do bert a uillinn faoi fri fód fáoinlighe, he reclined at full length on the ground Hugh Roe 226.22 (f. 60b) . co rofāgbait ar fodaibh faonluige gan onōir adnaicti, ZCP xiv 239.2 . f.¤ mearbaill : fód mearbhaill a deceptive (treacherous) land Studies 1949, 185 . Cf. mod. fód mearbhail (seachrán) Hyde, Abhráin diadha ii 59 n . f.¤ fo leith a spot apart: rogairm [an ben] Cond lē ar f.¤ fo leith called C. aside Ériu iii 160 y . do cuaidh in t-iarla ar fód fo leth leis, ZCP vi 90.1 . téid i bhfód fá leith ria, Keat. ii 6350 . f.¤ for (fri h-) altóir `sod on altar,' land given to the church (probably from the symbolic custom of delivering a sod) : ro idbair in ri ... Tóim nEirc ... amal fót for altóir do Dia ┐ do Chíaran, LU 9596 ( ZCP iii 206 = RC xvii 190 . AFM i 262 ) ; do bhronn fearann don eaglais sin mar ḟód re haltóir, Keat. iii 2162 ). ar a dtugadar d'ḟearann ┐ d'ḟódaibh re haltóir dhóibh, Keat. i p. 4 . Of an offering in general : doratt Cúilfat (Cúil fata ?) hi fōt fri haltōir ... do Dia ┐ do Chiarán, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226 .

mac fōit, O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, f. 16d ). in a list of different classes of children, cf. mac muine.

(e) a lump, mass, heap: co tuargabar ina fotaib till it is piled up in heaps (of malt drying) Laws ii 240.21 ( ZCP xiv 348 , 350 ). bec nar merblig in sruth dib amal ḟót sengán like a swarm of ants Alex. 687 (= BB 494b16 ).

Common in compds. in poetry. With subst. f.¤-brug `sod-built stead' Metr. Dinds. i 4 . ¤ráth an earthen fort: gp. Metr. Dinds. iii 72.83 .

With adj. : fódarsaidh, TD 28.1 . ¤bán : féagain an mhúir ḟádbháin `with its shining sward' TD 11.1 . ¤boc : a n-eing fhádbhuig Olchobair ` soft-glebed ' O'Gr. Cat. 518.7 = Ó Bruad. iii 76 . don ḟádbhuig ḟinn (= Éirinn), Ériu viii 192.11 . ¤domain : a bhfeart fóddhoimhin deep under the sod Oss. iv 256.6 . ¤glan : ó Inis fodghloin ... Fail, MR 104.7 . ¤glas : fonn fodghlas, BB 13b56 . fosad-glenn fod-glas, MR 240.18 . Magh fádghlas Feimhin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1319 . ¤mín : Banbha ... an ḟuinn ḟóidmhín ` soft-sodded ' Content. xxx 26 . ¤núide : a ráith ... ḟódnúidhe TD 28.2 . -réid : an ḟuinn ḟóidréidh, TD 26.1 .