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1 faill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 faill or dil.ie/21106
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fall, faill, -i, fhaill, faille, fallaib

n (older fall) cf. falla for ethaib .i. cen trebad no cen a as cia trebthair, Rawl. 111b36 ( RC xxvi 46 ). f. n s. fall, O'Mulc. 456 . ZCP iii 25.21 . Ériu vii 138.16 . Cf. reimhrsi ... gan fall gan foilmhe, Ó Bruad. iii 214 . faill (g s., n p. -i) IGT, Decl. § 14 .

(a) neglect, negligence: distinguished from ēislis, O'Mulc. 456 . ni epelai faill na esliss, IT i 141.24 . fall fri Dia, ZCP iii 25.21 . = fall for dia `neglect of God' Ériu vii 138.16 . v s. a fhaill ┐ a lesci áine ┐ ernaigthi!, PH 8224 . gan bheith d'faill ar in dáil | acht a n-airm uile do ghabáil they had only [i.e. were just about] to (?) seize their weapons Duan. F. ii 346 . logh fir isa f.¤ fiacha (.i. ... a logh do fíachaibh in fir dorighne in faill) `by whose neglect the debts are incurred' Laws iv 248.27 . f.¤ coimeda neglect of guarding ii 4.30 Comm . robai a f.¤ gen a tacra `he neglected suing for it' iv 50.8 Comm . gan f.¤ tabaig [sic leg.] orra without neglect in levying BNnÉ 255.15 . idir smuaineadh, bhréithir, ghníomh ┐ f.¤ by thought, word, deed, and omission TSh. 800 . na peacaidh do-ní ré f.¤ sins of omission (opp. to peacaidh ghníomhacha) 4089 . g s. Marc ... ná dlig focal faille `who deserves no word of neglect' Fél., Ap. 25 . ní híctar othrus isin f.¤ `sick-maintenance is not paid for the neglect' (= in a case of neglect) Laws iv 50.11 Comm. freastal faille `defective attention' Ó Bruad. ii 44 . do dhruim faille `through apathy' Content. xvi 125 . d p. a fallaib flatha `from the neglects of the chief' Laws ii 270y (see ZCP xiv 367 ). Of that which is neglected: is f.¤ cech n-aichnid what is familiar is overlooked LU 3916 ( SCC 43 ). DOGNÍ F.¤ (with gen. or prep.) neglects: is e sin aenineadh a ndilsigeann aithgin o duine a f.¤ do denam, Laws iv 50.10 Comm. pian na manach ... dirinne breg ┐ f.¤ im Dia, Aisl. Tond. 104.28 . an tí do-ní faill, TSh. 1685 . dronga do-ní f.¤ san bhfaoisidin, 9013 . DO-BEIR F.¤ (I N-, AR) id.: na hoighreadha ... do-bheir f.¤ i nguidhe, TSh. 4600 . go dtugadar ... f.¤ i n-a ghlanadh `neglected its purification' Keat. i 84x . ionnus ... nach tugdaois f.¤ ar guidhe ar do shon, TSh. 4982 . DO-BEIR I F.¤ neglects; fails: go dtug ... i bhf.¤ gan bheith dá ollmhughadh neglected to prepare himself TSh. 3838 . ni tardsat ... eissiomh i ffaill gan tocht fó a thoghairm, AFM vi 1926.11 . LÉICID I F. overlooks, passes over: cuit cáinte ... ni léicther i f.¤ , LL 29b44 . tardsat miscais dia trebaire ┐ roslecset a f.¤ , Aen. 1763 . gach eglais rolécthi i f.¤ ┐ i n-éislis, AFM ii 1084.10 . frichnamh na tri mbliadan ... ro leic a f.¤ (of services due to the lord and left undone) Laws ii 196.27 Comm. LÉICID F.¤ (I N-): nar léigis faill 'na ccoimhéd 'you never failed to watch over them', Ériu lxiii 56 § 29 .

(b) a state of heedlessness; being off one's guard, an unguarded condition: ar bhfaicsin na faille seeing the opportunity (the unguarded state) Ir. Monthly 1927, 358 . lá na faille the day of peril A. Ó Dálaigh vi 2 . indreth a chrīche an tan fuairset i foill ocus i n-ēislis when they found it unguarded ZCP xiv 230.16 . go bfuair f.¤ sa fforchoimétt baoi fair, AFM v 1576z . FO-GAIB F.¤ (with gen. or AR) finds at an unguarded moment, takes at a disadvantage: rugadh a nert, frioth a f.¤ `she is caught unwarded' O'Gr. Cat. 466.17 . ní hás dí dá bhfaghthaoi a faill if she be caught unguarded Studies 1931, 81 . a bhen fuair f.¤ ar in bfert `that hast found the tomb all lonely' (i.e. unguarded) O'Gr. Cat. 371.14 . crann ... ar a bhfríoth f.¤ , PBocht 7.30 . ní bhí friothaire ar nach ffaghthar f.¤ fa dheóidh which may not be taken unawares at last Hugh Roe² 6.32 (f. 3b) = AFM vi 1896z . dá bhan-óigh ar nar fríoth f.¤ = (who were never caught tripping?) A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 11 . AR F.¤ unguarded: eagal go bhfuighther ar f.¤ | dreagan ... ó gConaill, Ir. Monthly 1920, 593 . ni fuighthí lá an feart ar f.¤ never a day would the tomb be found unguarded 23 F 16, 24 . Cf. rotgabsad ar t'faillseo, TBC-I¹ 2645 (perhaps for: rogabsatar t'faillsiu, but cf. TBC-LL¹ 3446 ). Hence

(c) a chance, opportunity, occasion (cf. báegul): is fursa dhúinn fáill ┐ am d'fhagháil agus [ar v.l.] ar dtoil fein do dheanamh, ZCP iv 408.11 . is mur sin dogebum-ne f.¤ cum imtechta an opportunity of escape vi 292.9 . nach roibhe f.¤ aca na neithi ... do bhreth leo they had no time to take Mac Aingil 64.17 . Cf. faire an fhir faille ` spy ' (one in wait for an opportunity) Ó Bruad. iii 22 . fortbhéim faille an unexpected blow ii 126 .