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1 fonnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fonnad or dil.ie/23255
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -ud, fonnaid, fondad, fonnodaib, f., fonnud, fonnaid

( -od, LU 6402 = -ud, LL 77a21 ) n o, m. g s. fonnaid LU 8931 , g p. fondad, LU 5579 . d p. fonnodaib, TBC-I¹ 3622 .

the wheel-rim or tyre; glosses roth `wheel,' LU 5180 , cf. onnaid [leg. fonnaid] in carpait .i. na roith, Auraic. 5578 fonnadh .i. carpad, O'Cl. (quot. = LL 187c27 , see below). From consideration of the follg. passages (see citt. below) it appears that (1) the `fonnad' was not the `cret' RC xxvi 30 § 125 , § 126 ; (2) it was not a wheel, but closely connected with it; (3) there was more than one f.¤ in a chariot, LU 8345 . 5579 . 6402 . TBC-I¹ 3526 ; apparently two ( TBC-I¹ 3622 ), one on each side. ib. 72 ( LU 4574 ); (4) a f.¤ of one chariot might be juxtaposed to a f.¤ of another LU 8705 ( FB 53 ); (5) it could touch the ground, TBC-LL¹ 5864 (St) and leave a trace on it LU 8931 ( FB 70 ); (6) it made a noise TBC-LL¹ 773 , 5618 ; (7) the `fonnaid' used to be washed TBC-I¹ 1095 . The word was no doubt sometimes used by synecdoche for `roth,' cf. cor bo birfocus cach fonnod isin charpat, LU 6402 = fonnud, TBC-LL¹ 2544 , which seems to refer to the spikes or scythes attached to the wheels of the ancient quadrigae falcatae. f.¤ fri f.¤ fid fri fid carpat fri carpat, LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). for creitt cen ḟ.¤, for f.¤ cen chul, RC xxvi 30 § 125 , § 126 (glossed .i. eich cen charpait ... .i. for carpat cen chlaíne, LL 187c25 , 27 ). arda slig tar f.¤ clé (of Cú Chulainn fighting from his chariot) LU 4574 . atgéoin slicht fonnaid Con Culaind fo dáig nách sét cumung no théiged no chlaided na muru, LU 8931 ( FB 70 = an fonna, Eg.). ní caīn-cotli are senfonnith the driver of an old chariot ZCP xi 93 § 22 (cf. aride sencharpait ib.). fondaigh (.i. carbuid), D IV 2, 46v6 [sic leg. Anecd. ii 8.17 ]. ni étaim ... techt sech nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod) iarndae in carpait ara faebraige, LU 5180 (said by charioteer who cannot get out of the chariot). pl. ógdérg a fonnaid , LU 8345 ( FB 24 ). gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ... iar n-idnaib na n-arm, ní rossed crú na roth na fonnud na fertas díb [lár] ar a dlús (the ranks are so serried that if two chariots were driven over their heads neither hoof nor wheel nor `fonnad' etc., would touch the earth) TBC-LL¹ 5864 = cia conualaindse mo charpat ... co tiasmais ... iarsin dindiu ni regad crua na fonnaid trīt, TBC-I¹ 3526 . buí ara A. oc nigi na fondad, LU 5579 . forlengat ... dar brainibh na roth ... conidh eadh do thairmisc dian-imrim ┐ dian-bruthghail mor na ffondadh, TBC-LL¹ 5618 St (the passage refers not to chariots, but to the `roith nét,' apparently war-engines or portable fortresses of some kind mounted on wheels). gabaid a charpat fria ais cona chreit ┐ a dib fonnodaib TBC-I¹ 3622 . Cf. ni cumgid cuinge co llind Léith correga co ffuilib fonnaide fo chollaib clí ..., LL 122a18 (from a rhetoric addressed to a chariot-horse), and see 1 fondad, end of article. Compd. da ndroch ... fonnaid-rēidi smooth-tyred (?) TBC-I¹ 3392 .