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1 gáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gáel or dil.ie/25081
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: gaelta

n o, m. pl. gaelta, IGT Decl. § 60 . For history and etymology see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 365 .

(a) kinship, relationship : in fhuil gáel no munterus duit ris-in tii fo'r-ghlaccais ?, PH 7534 . ata in nádúir fén ica furail-so ... ar gáel na fola, 7394 (of reverence to parents). MR 44.22 . anuit a ngael ┐ chardius fri araili, Marco P. § 38 . tre bithin gaoil do beith aca fria cele, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . MS. Mat. 572.26 . tre goire a ngaoil, TFrag. 182.24 . bean fogus gaoil, Eg. Gl. 61 . is gael re nathair neme ... is comaenta fri Lucifer, SG 48.1 . drochdhaine gail bad kinsfolk, Ériu viii 123.3 . le baidhbh ngáoil, IGT Decl. ex. 1978 . fer gail no fialusa, O'Dav. 458 . braithreacha gaíl, Hy Maine 161.29 . dá chairdibh gaoil, TD 13.42 . bar ngaol ngeinemna `consanguinity of birth,' O'Gr. Cat. 354.26 . athair ┐ mathair hIsu ┐ dream da lucht gail ┐ deala, YBL 148b23 . dias gaoil two kinsfolk, Dán Dé xi 3 ; xxii 5 . connsuine gaoil do, IGT Introd. § 26 . gaol sbioradálta, spiritual kinship (i.e. between sponsor and godchild), Parrth. Anma 196 . The affection of kinsfolk : an t-ég araon aga sgarrthain | nior fhét gáol Chathfuigh do chlódh, Rel. Celt. ii 220.22 . beag dá ngaol do ghéabha Dia little of their love will God get, Dán Dé xxiii 8 . olc an gaol do ṡíol Ṡuibhne | tabhach Fódla ... a láimh aicme Néill, TD 26.42 . As pred. kindly, natural, congruous : drem nár ghaol comfeirg ná cruas, SG 24.28 . raon ... nach gaol don charaid do chom, Dán Dé xxiii 4. ? To this: ni fhuil goel dam-sai ma beith aice ar comae na ar nem-comae 'there is nothing, good or bad, that would cause me to lie with her' ZCP xxxvi 72 .

(b) a relative ; kin, kinsfolk (in s. and pl.) : Atá Temhair gan a túar, | atá fo gredhaibh a gáel, ACL iii 304 , III § 6 . gáel ḟíann .i. ḟiann ghaíl lochta na dáirsi (etymol. gl. on Gaileóin), Cóir Anm. 226 . d'fuasccladh a ghaoil geinealaigh , BNnÉ i 227 . Mo chúmha! mo cháirde a's mo ghaol, Oss. iv 168.5 . gaol fallsa do Mhoire mé, a false kinsman, Dán Dé ii 3 . an gaol ór ghabhluigh, TD 34.19 . pl. a maithrecha ┐ a ngaelta, Marco P. § 102 . drong do gæltaibh in diuice, ZCP vi 94.19 . TD 26.32 . Cinnta suil chuire ar do gháoltaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1458 . Ní námhaid do ghnáth na gáolta, ex. 1459 . a chine ┐ a ghaolta, Keat. ii 5191.

(b 2) In gramm. conson gáeil a homorganic consonant : gach connsuine eile nach connsuine gáoil dóibh mur sin, IGT Introd. § 26 .

Compds. ¤bean a kinswoman , A. Ó Dálaigh xix 1 . ¤bráthair a kinsman , ib. xxxv 11 . ¤buain : ní fhuil gaol-bhuain na ríogh ribh `a link with the kings,' ib. lii 3 . ? ¤genelach genealogy : ar aon aicme iad araon iar ngaol-genealaig (sic leg. ?) with regard to their descent, Hy Fiach. 42.19 .

(c) ? anagallda luathit lama .i. ... an gaoil gallda no luaidhit ó lama ... .i. an cach gonas na hurraidh tre gail naith ┐ án gach buaigh berar a n-aineol n-ecraite, O'Curry 1765 - 6 ( 23 Q 6 36a37 ). Cf. ān cach chindes na buadha ar na hecarrdib isin crichid aineoil, O'Curry 349 ( H 3.18, 193a ).