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1 garb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 garb or dil.ie/25380
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā rough, rugged, coarse; rude, harsh (of physical and moral qualities): talam garb ganmide, FA 30 . folt ṅ-garb, TBC-LL¹ 5386 . léne garb threbnaid, 5388 . in Morrigan i riocht saidhi gairbi, 2302 . fiuchud na fergge fir-gairbe, 2616 . sacart cemad garb a guth, ACL iii 222.11 . romarbadh leis, garb in scēl, Eoin, Ériu iv 174 § 3 . garb nochrach a crand mbith, O'Dav. 233. Cf. IT iii 51.3 . gleó garbh, Oss. iv 2.4 . ch garbh (i.e. hard as in cloch) ... ch mín (as in braich), IGT Introd. § 48 . sneachta garbh, Dán Dé v 41 . a chneas garbh (to a sword) `form so harsh !' TD 33.2 . pl. goetha ... garba gemreta, FA 30 (LB). for beraib ruadaib rogarbaib, PH 8294 . broit garba gæsidecha, TTebe 1528 . fiacla garba goinideacha, 905 . géindte garba `rough gentiles,' MacCarthy 408.12 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) garb a voiceless continuant (see Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 ): as cóir connsuine crúaidh ┐ connsuine garbh re hénchonnsuine mbog, IGT Introd. § 54 . an tan teaguimh dá chonnsuine gharbha dá chéile, § 106 . Note also: téid sealbhadh ruis i ruis ngairbh 'the sealbhadh of r becomes 'rough' r', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6, 83 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . Equative garbidir draigen, ZCP ix 452.29 . Compar. ní ba gairbe a ngním nó a ngleó, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.16 . cid as gairbi tracht, ZCP xiii 272.5 . Superl. cía gairbem (MSS gairbium) ránac? 'who are the coarsest you have met?', BFF 164 § 8.17 .

Compds. ¤achad a rough field : tre garbacdaib ... drislechaibh, CCath. 3417 . ¤ainech: laoch garboinech, TBC-LL¹, p. 775, n. 2 . ZCP ix 456.15 . ¤all a rugged cliff , CCath. 2878 . ¤arán coarse bread : do garbarán chorca, MacCongl. 89.16 . ¤armach: Gian g. `rough-weaponed Gyas,' TTebe 3564 . ¤betha: cruadhbetha no gairbbetha, O'Dav. 338 . ¤brat a rough cloak : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, ib. ¤cacht rude bondage , SR 2227 . ¤cennacht harsh authority , ZCP viii 230 § 13 . ¤cess rude suffering , SR 918 . ¤cluiche rough sport (of war) : romarbus dom garbcluchi, TBC-LL¹ 4199 . torcratar ... do garbcluithe Troiannae, LL 408a40 ( TTr. 2221 ). ¤cóiced: ricche an gharbh-chóigidh .i. Tuadmuman, ZCP x 8.5 . ¤conghair rough clamour , CCath. 4332 . ¤dordán harsh crooning , ib. 4008 . ¤driuch bristles , Lism. L. 2212 . ¤ecor a rough (jagged ?) row : garbeccur ... do birfiaclaibh, CCath. 4026 . ¤escuir of rough growth (?): a lion scoid gairbescuir ra a cnes 'a rough linen cloth next her skin' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ¤fáiscim I squeeze roughly : go ngairbhfaiscend iad, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . ¤ferann rough-land (in n. l.) : Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186.17 . Cf. Keat. i 126.13 . garbhferann na Gaillia, CCath. 152 . ¤findach rough-haired : madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900 . ¤fregartach giving rough answers, MR 150.22 . ¤gáel : mac Fergusa Gairbgæla, BB 114 f. 41 . Genelach sil Gairbgaela, ib. 33 . ¤gaeth rough wind : fri garbgaetha, SR 4288 . ¤geimlech of cruel fetters : triath gairbhgheimlech, Top. Poems 70.9 = maidhmneimhneach, Top. Poems² 823 . ¤glac a rugged hand : meoir cromma ... for a garbglacaip, CCath. 4030 . ¤glés harsh tuning , Anecd. ii 7.6 . ¤gothach: glámh garbh-ghothach, TSh. 6626 . ¤greim rude force , SR 6286 . ¤grennach rough-bearded , ib. 5784 . ¤lestar a roughly-fashioned vessel : do minlestraib ... no do gairblestraib, O'Curry 929 ( H 3.18, 406 ). ¤linntech with stormy waters , CF 288 . ¤loiscthech fiercely burning , MR 112.21 . ¤lus (botan.) goldylocks, goosegrass , Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 . ? ¤rón: mór cath ngarbrōn (: Arnōn), SR 4675 = garb-brón, W.S. eclach ... glunmar garbron, BB 257b9 . ¤sín rough weather, storm : ainbthine ... na gairbhsíne gemreta, CCath. 166 . AFM vi 2220.10 . fásaidh gaoth ... is gairbhshíon, L. Cl. A. B. xli 17 . ¤snaide rough hewing : tamain troma do giuis arna garb-snoidi, TTebe 1475 . ¤snoidte rough-hewn : an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, 3674 . ¤sruth rough stream , SR 1678 (of the Tigris). ¤tana (epithet of hell) rough and narrow (?), RC xxvi 362.y . ¤tanach (tonach) rough washing (as place-name), Acall. 4173 . ¤tene fierce fire : ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, SR 902 . ¤tír rough land : ceithri triucha na garbthire frisa raiter Tír Conaill aníu, Acall. 2730 . on lo do-cuir sen Clann Ir | Conull Gulban don gairbhthír, Irish Texts ii 7 § 8 . ¤tond rough wave , CCath. 2791 . ¤torand rough thunder , RC xxvi 148.10 . ¤trian rough third (in n. l.): i nGairbhthrian Connacht (i.e. Leitrim, Longford and Cavan), AFM iii 196.13 .

As npr m. see Heldensage. (Index); RC xiv 414.16 . Garb mac Ronain, BCC § 175 . Rawl. 144f12 . Garb mac Bicne Caích, 129b42 .