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1 grád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grád or dil.ie/26459
Last Revised: 2019

n (Lat. gradus) o, n. grade, degree, rank, order ; in sg. and pl. eccles. orders : a ngrád as isliu oldate angil, Wb. 4b25 . cid huaisliu grád neich alailiu, Ml. 115d8 . sechib grád i mbether and imp óge fa lánamnas, Wb. 10a18 . intain dorratad grád fort `when orders have been conferred upon thee,' ib. 28d9 . grad nepscuip, 28c8 . archuit ind óissa gráid `as regards those in orders,' 16d7 . re ngrád et iar mbathis `before ordination and after baptism,' ib. 31b4 . ni taibre grád for nech, 29a28 . salm di grad `Gradual,' Thes. ii 252.17 (St. Miss) ; ib. 15 . Gramm. as ṅgrád (gl. positivus gradus), Sg. 139a10 . bid anim (leg. ainm) n-adiecht- for cetal (leg. cétna-) randgabail ┐ condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared throughout the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 446 . fer graid sochenelach sobessach `a man of rank of good family and morals,' Thes. ii 307.11 . aés gráid tarmideocatár a n-gráda `ordained folk who have transgressed their orders,' FA 28 . dobeir grád as ardam it gives rank that is highest, Fél. Ep. 207 . ad-mestar díre coir cach grāid do ṡōernemthib ┐ dōernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 . ocht n-eich ... la grádhaibh flatha acus áirdrigh do righ na n-Uaithni `with the office [of chief officer of trust] of a sovereign ...,' Leb. Cert. 70.11 = seacht cuirn dia ndámhaibh d'án díl | beith a ngrádhaibh an áird-righ `to be in office under the monarch,' 78.12 . madh na secht ngraidh flatha `the seven degrees of chieftains,' Laws i 60.17 Comm. ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne 'Neire has adjudged the privilege of every bard, as they correspond to the freeman grades', UR 55.1 ​. mat beich aerda a mbun craind graid feine is leth bech don grad fein[e] ┐ leth dfir bunadh 'if it is bees in the air [which settle] in the trunk of a commoner, a half of the bees goes to this person and a half to the original owner', Bechbretha 182 (b)​ . atait secht ngraid la Feine, na con tualuing nachae fiadnaise do denum, v 284.1 . co tibred anoir ┐ cátaig ngradai ... do dia n-adrad na hídlu, PH 6622 . nihed domthabair fo grad, | m'athair ba húa do Abrám, SR 3301 . ro fritháiled in rí ... ar grádaib ┐ dánaib, TBC-LL¹ 997 . rogeall ... co tibred seodu imda ┐ mæni ┐ sirgrada doib, Aen. 2090 . gairmidh chuice Elegto ingen Plutoin ina gradaibh `according to her rank,' ib. 1627 . ecclesiastical orders : docuaid fo gradaib illou fheili Adomnain, AU ii 76.2 (an. 1105) . līn forsrolēg grād co nūibe, ACL iii 303 § 6 . secht cōicait n-epscop ... ūad fo grādaibh, § 7 . cutarda grād fair, Trip. i 196.14 . doraid a oide friss dol fona gradaib coiserca, RC xii 324 § 9 . is aire rogabh Natfraich gradha sacairt, Lat. Lives 78.3 . tet ... iar ngabail grad do gu Fabur, RC xii 324 § 9 . Mairg do-beir guth ar ḟer ngrāid | bīs i n-inad Chrīst comlāin, ACL iii 222.14 . in gradh onni is gradus .i. ceim, Auraic. 3284 . secht ngrād ecalsa, ACL iii 307 § 17 . nī cōir a cleith ar ind āes grāid `it is not right to conceal it from the ordained,' Ériu i 44.19 . coica ar dib cétuib escop ┐ coic cét sacart ┐ teora mile do gradhuib ecailse, ib. ii 100 § 4 . deochain ar grādaib `a deacon in rank,' BColm. 82.15 . mac fir ro tuislithe fo grad `while under Holy Orders,' Laws v 202.7 . in tan tra teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded, PH 7157 . dul fo grad nep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. § 20 . iar n-indarbad uathi (i.e. from the Church) ... droch-aesa gráid, ib. 4645 . Don tsacramainnt ar a ttugthar ord nó grádha, Ó Héodhusa 218.3 . grádha coisreagtha Holy Orders, Donlevy 328.20 . Used of the orders or ranks of the celestial hierarchy : arnaib grádib nemdib tantum , Wb. 21a13 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel, Ériu ii 106 § 17 . a Chrīst go n-grādhaib, iii 29 § 1 . nōi ngrādh n-aingel, § 4 . co céolaib aingel ar gradhaib dlightheacha an airdrigh, RC xxiv 369.18 . Drong árchaingel nime | ... la nói ṅgrád ríg rathmair, Fél. Ep. 235 . noi n-uird ┐ noi ngraid for anglib nime, PH 6233 . ro-fhresgab mac Dé for gradu hiruphin, 2280 . order, rank of chivalry ; knighthood : tabur gradha ridirechta damh budesta, ZCP vi 28.4 . dohoirdhnedh ... a ngradhaibh ridirechta `were raised ... to the rank of knighthood,' ib. 8 . anuair fa tainic ais gaisgidh damsa, dogabus gradha gaiscidh ┐ deisi ridiri cugum, RC x 189.y . go ngabhadh grádha ridire gaiscidh `the degree of a knight of chivalry,' Keat. ii 6269 . 'sna grádhaibh gaisce fá héigean do gach aon do ghabháil sul do glacfaidhe i bhFiannaidheacht é, ib. 5187 . An individual member of a grade : ar nísnádi(g) na(ch) grád nech bes ardu 'for no member of a grade gives protection to anyone who is of higher rank', Críth G. 114 , Ériu lxvi 3 . nach grād bes īssle araile 'any member of a grade who is lower in status than another', CIH i 234.21 , Ériu lxvi 3 . Used of the raven’s cry: madh fer graidh is gradh gradh congair 'if it be a man in orders it calls gradh gradh ' Ériu viii 121 .