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1 ocus , acus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ocus , acus or dil.ie/33483
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: focus, facus, fogus, oicse, oicsi, oicsiu, foicsiu, foisgi, faisge

adj. and subst. u-st., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 116 , Thurn. Hdb. § 838 ; cognate with prep. oc, cf. W. agos. In Wb. always ac(c)us. In Mid.Ir. commonly with prosthetic f, focus, facus, mod. fogus; ocus .i. focus, O'Dav. 1330. In forms in which the second vowel drops out before an inflection, the stem is treated as palatal: g s f. oicse, n p. oicsi; compar. oicsiu; foicsiu, TBC-LL¹ 3607 (but facsiu, 3699 ). In later lang. -cs-(-gs-) somet. > -sc- (-sg-) by metathesis: bean ḟagas (ḟogas), g s. na mná faigsi ┐ faisge, IGT Dec. § 127. compar. foisgi, ex. 1216 . faisge, ex. 1905 (but foigsi, 1906 ). See GOI § 373 and 1 nes(s)a.

I As adj. near , oft. folld. by DO.

(a) in local sense: écndairc cian . . . ecṅdairc ocus, Sg. 138a2 , 3 (gl. personae absenti vel quasi absenti; lit. absent near, i.e. though present regarded as absent). ho etartetarcur cián . . . ho etartetarcur ocus, Ml. 88d13 . Dia fírocus (i. quia est deus ubíque ┐ prope omnibus), LU 518 , 520 ( ACC 5 ). oicsi du imaechtur talman (gl. prope in ultimo terrae sitae), Ml. 78c2 . indat facsi don purt? are they near the shore? LU 1873 ( RC x 10.15 ). as fogus doibh ata dun na hingine, Ériu iii 166.6 . cricha ciana ┐ foicsi, Marco P. 28. a n-is dech foruair do ṡaeruibh faicsi ┐ nemhfhaicsi, 17 .

Of proximity in time, etc.: sechmadachta n-ocus ┐ cían (a preterite expressing a recent or a long past event), Thes. ii 229. 26 ( PCr. 62b1 ). ropo accus bás do, Wb. 23d12 . foccus doibh ecc is ifrionn, BNnÉ 261.26 . is fogus béul an amadáin d'aidhmhilleadh, Proverbs x 14. éagcóir comhmaoidheamh Chairbre; dob ḟogus duit a chairde `it was easy for you to leave him out', Content. ii 29. tabhair mar do radais reimhe | cabhair bhfagais eile ann `grant me ready protection', Dán Dé iii 22 . Compar. is foicsiu lind don ág in t-imrubad . . . andā dond (leg. ind) imburgun we deem spear-thrusting nearer slaughter (i.e. a decisive issue) than missile-hurling, TBC-LL¹ 3607. (with DE) combad ḟacsiti . . . na hairigthi bíd ┐ lenna doib, 400 . Superl. isan gcrích ba foicsi dhó, Keat. i 68.36 . an ceathram- hadh fear dob fhoigse don rígh the fourth nearest man to the king, ii 4821 .

As adv.: glassi . . . brunnid . . . facus d'Albine, Fianaig. 50.7 . cara sheasas ní is foigse ná dearbhráthair, Proverbs xviii 24. an t-úghdar is foigse thig don áireamh so who comes nearest this reckoning, Keat. i 88 y . an mend . . . nach leanann go fagas acht a bhfad, Luc. Fid. 337.20 .

(b) fig. of kinship, etc.: is acus a coibdelag near is their kinship, Wb. 9c32 . is ocus ar cundu close is our friendship, Fél. Ep. 230. ba focus a fhialus a ṅdís .i. Eoin ┐ Hiruath, PH 862 . is brathair focus dam-sa he a near kinsman, ZCP iv 383.11 . ni foigse Conn . . . d'aoinḟear oile ná d'Eoghan, TD 26.47 . ni faicsiu ar cairdeas dō inas in fer ro marb, Anecd. i 2.8 . an ḟuil as ḟoisgi d'ḟuil Muire, IGT Dec. ex. 1216. do chroidhe . . . fa aigse 'n-a fheoil is d'fhuil . . . dod bhráthair, Dán Dé xi 13.

II As subst. nearness, proximity ; only with prep. i n-, folld. by gen. or prep.: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa whether I be far or near, Wb. 23b41 . i céin ocus acus, Fél. Ep. 110 (ocus, occus, a foccus v.l.). i focus, i céin, Ériu iii 14 § 6. i n-occus don dúnud, LU 5272 = ind ocus, TBC-LL¹ 796. hi cíanfocus on tig at a considerable distance from the house, BDD 67. is a ḟocus na hecalsa sin ata adnocul Lazarais, LB 158b56 . nat fetur ecc a facus that I know not that death is nigh, ZCP vii 498.18 . deiredh a bhethadh do beith ina fhoccus, BNnÉ 264.8 .