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1 port

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 port or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: port, puirt, purt, part, poirt, port, port

n o, m. (Lat. portus) port (g s. n p. puirt, d s. purt), IGT Dec. § 67 . part (g s. n p. poirt, d s. port), § 68 .

(a) a place, spot, locality, gen. of a restricted area: port a porta , Corm. Y 1047 = a portu , LB. dús cia port indib maith oígedacht in what place the hospitality is good, Wb. 26b24 . dos-rala dú itá Forggnaidi indíu. `Is maith in port thís' ol P., Trip. 84.25 . iss ed ainm in puirt sin Slechta S. is the name of that place, TBC-I¹ 276 . do chách phurt i canar for every place in which it is sung, Fél. Ep. 187 . connach fúair port fo gréin gil | cen chorp ind ḟir fora muin, Metr. Dinds. iv 94.20 . cend na mna for indara burt [port v.l.] ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu in one spot . . . in another, Cáin Ad. § 7 . a purt i port tiar is tair from place to place, LL 148a13 = o phurt do phurt, Ériu ix 49 § 33 . nír léiged sinn port i bport, Caithr. Thoirdh. 13 y (of troops hemmed in by their enemies while encamped; `we were not admitted to fight on equal terms', transl.; we were not allowed to shift our quarters ?). Cf. do ghoradh . . . gacha grianphort every sunny spot, MR 100.14 . i nglennportaib a ghnuisi hollows (of eye-sockets), 116.22 .

Used as semi-adv. folld. by a rel. clause: port hi fuirsitis inn elit arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis, Thes. ii 242.9 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). bágais C. port i faicfed Meidb dobérad chloich furri wherever he might see M., TBC-LL¹ 1456 = port i n-aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 ; āit, St.

Folld. by defining gen.: rucad láeg mo bo a purt éicne `out of a place of safety', CRR 3 (i.e. a place whence it could be taken only by force?). bid é so do phort eisirghe place of resurrection, Life of S. Finbar ( Cork A. and H. Soc. J. ii 87 ). asin purt monad bog, Laws i 132.4 Comm. ; cf. Gadelica i 56.22 . tochar puirt (.i. mona), Laws v 474.6 , 33 . a rí pairtech puirt parrthais, Lec. 553a17 . port na bpian (i.e. hell), Measgra D. 77.8 .

(b) a place occupied by some one, a stead, abode : mo duma mo dín . . . mo phort idan án, LU 9885 (of Duma nDergluachra). atrullaí uadib assin phurt, LL 169b12 (`out of the dwelling', SG ii 513.16 ). iss ass tánagus . . . a parrthus, a purt Ádhaimh, Anecd. i 34 § 72 . port na n-apstal 's na n-abb (i.e. heaven), ZCP vi 270.2 . Panuhél puirt Dé, KMMisc. 255.9 . port pecthach the abode of sinners (hell), ACL iii 240 § 43 . Partholon puirt Gréc, LL 127a11 (`of the Grecian land', MacCarthy 144 § 6 ). gan port na laech, gan Luimnech, ZCP viii 219.3 . Freq. of a chief's residence; in late lang. of a stronghold, fortress: cuit an phuirt cetadaig Cuirc `the meal for the residence of Corc', Metr. Dinds. iv 336.4 ( LL 198a6 ). ailénphort Néill Noígiallaig (of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 4 . ? tri cuind tairismi dlegair don ríg . . . .i. tri puirt, LL 188b16 . tanic ind rigan oc dul do phurt in rig, ZCP xiii 25.16 . ? etir a portaibh sium ┐ a airgeda `among his storehouses (?) and his cow-yards' (of the king of Munster), Lism. L. 2916 (prob. enclosures of some kind). hi bport airechais Ui Ferghail `the chief mansion-seat', AFM vi 1964.22 , cf. 1960.14 . v s. a phuirt na bpríomhfhlaith! Keat. Poems 1473 (of Cathair Dúin Iasc). daingion phuirt áird do bhalladh the fortress of the high fort of thy walls, Isaiah xxv 12 . tri puirt do trinsidhibh talmhan `three entrenched forts', AFM vi 2192.2 . ro muradh . . . an port iomcoimhetta `watching-fort', 2022.2 . batar na Gaill . . . isna portaibh gabhala in ro ghabhsat fos (buildings they had seized), Hugh Roe 68.15 (f. 18b) . do loiscedh leis a mbailti puirt `their fortified places', AU iii 64.1 (a. 1412).

Of a monastic stead or settlement : cf. ro gabsat mo brathair portu .i. epscop Mél ┐ Ríoc, Trip. 84.23 . céne connoither mo thimna-sa isin purt-sa, Mon. Tall. 6 (Mael Ruain of his monastery). airchinnech glan cráibdech . . . níp espach a phort `his monastery should not be idle', Ériu iii 106 41b (Rule of Ailbe). naomh as neimhnighe puirt `most heavenly in respect of city', BNnÉ 286.3 . mórfaid puirt Maodhócc, 263.24 .

(c) a bank, shore (of river or sea); perh. the oldest use and the one nearest to the Latin. ro snausa in farrci | co mboí isin phurt, LU 9437 . ini docuirither i port dilis .i. in duilesc, Laws i 170.13 Comm. (what is cast up by the sea on a shore in some person's property). im ethur bís oc imorcor a purt i port from bank to bank, i 126.1 . is ann gabais port curach Coluimb Chille came ashore, Ériu ii 222.9 , cf. Mon. Tall. 66 . is é port do gabhsat ag Beind Etain they landed at B.E., Ériu iii 170 § 29 . o thánic Patraic i part from the time P. landed, LL 130b16 (: bratt). gach arrthrach rachus . . . go Toraig o port do port, ZCP x 342 § 10 . A landing-place, haven : i purt na hindsi, Lism. L. 2359 . do ranic . . . co himeall in mara ┐ co port na hindsi (i.e. the spot for crossing to the island), ZCP xiii 219.6 , cf. 220.8 . ac cur long . . ..a purt imurchuir srotha Stix `ferry', CCath. 1462 . ó purt ind Luimnig, Ériu iv 154.3 . port Duiblin[n]e, BColm. 80.19 . is port Alban oiregda bid linta da ardchrabud, ZCP x 340 w (prophecy of Iona). So in many place-names, see Hogan Onom. (Fig.) conus-tuicce tre lín in tsoscelai dochum púirt bethad the haven (shore) of life, Trip. 28.7 . Cablaigh Mor (idon Port na tri namat), AU iii 30.17 (the haven of the three enemies, nickname given to a woman who had married three husbands who were enemies). See also caladphort, tráchtphort s.v. 1 trácht.

(d) a bank, mound, entrenchment (late use): teilgidh port a n-aghaidh Ierúsalem, Jerem. vi 6 . do rinneadar puirt 'na haghuidh timchioll, 2 Kings xxv 1 (of siege of Jerusalem).

Of a defile or pass : dul tar na portaibh re n-abar Ciserei, ITS xix 78.3 (= transire portus Cisereos).

(e) Of persons : an port iomarchair uasal aingleata na nGaoidheal re a nguasacht pheacthoibh, .i. Pādruic an prīomh-abstol, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 10.26 ​​. ? bean ro badh port cothaighthe ┐ congbhala truagh ┐ trén, AFM vi 2222.13 (leg. post? cf. AFM v 1684.7 ).​​​ Meaning is uncertain in the legal expression port fiach in Laws Comm.: ait ata port fiach ni dechus for in ferund ainnsin, Laws v 500.32 , cf. 502.28 , 508.10 ; possibly the techn. expression for the man who has become responsible for the debts of an absconding fellow-tribesman, p. 501 n.

Compds. (a) with adj.: ¤glan: ag techt Parrthaloin portgloin, MacCarthy 310 § 3 ( BB 13b29 ). assi[n] Spairt portglain portréid of shores (havens) fair and easy of access, LL 233a2 ( TTr. 1166 ). os ferlannaib portglana in prephir `over the fair-banked horizon', MR 112.11 . ¤rathmar: do chlaind portrathmair Puin `illustrious' (? of prosperous abode), Aen. 1573 (= rex genus egregium Fauni, Aeneid vii 214 ). ¤réid, LL 233a2 , see -glan. (b) with noun: ¤immarchurthid a ferryman; of Charon , LL 241a22 ( TTr. 1809 ), cf. CCath. 1462 v.l., TTebe 1649 (-immarchoirthid). an portiomarchurtaigh, Hugh Roe 26.21 (f. 8a) . ¤linn: ro gabh B. simhin luachra asin portlinn luachra `from a rushy pool on the bank', BNnÉ 42.2 .