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1 saigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saigid or dil.ie/35951
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: sag-, saich-, soig-, soich-, saigim, shaghaim, saighi(u), saigid, saig, far-saig, saig, saiges, saigmít, segait, segat, saigit, segtai, segdai, segtha, segta, segtait, saig, nam-saich, sodham, segaith-si, saigid, sasae, sáis, sóigh, no-sa, ro-sa, sasat, sásad, soised, shoisfedh, soisdis, sesa, siais, sia, nādasia, sia, sias, sies, rosesaid, siacht, siächt, sīactatar, siachtadur, segar, segair, segar, segaiter, segtair, segatar, sasar, sai[g]ter, soicher, siasar, sesaitir, saigim

later also sag-, saich-, soig-, soich-. Strong vb. with s- subj. and t- pret. Later treated as weak vb., though the older subj. and pret. forms survive as archaisms even in Mod.Ir. indic. pres. 1 s. saigim, Sg. 217a3 . ní shaghaim , Studies 1930, 439 § 7 . 2 s. no saighi(u) (rel.), Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 21 . 3 s. saigid, Wb. 23c11 . LU 3390 . ni saig , Ml. 131a4 . TBC-LL¹ 2458 . far-saig, 287 ( dobobsaig, LU 4580 ). nach saig , LL 45b20 . rel. saiges, Wb. 22a3 . Sg. 65b11 . Thes. ii 40.35 . ZCP vii 481.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 73a ). 1 pl. saigmít, Mór M. 8 . 3 pl. segait, Ml. 66b5 . Críth G. 274 . ni segat , ZCP xiii 22.18 . Ériu ii 130 § 102 . saigit, LL 135b3 ( PRIA 1884, 232 § 12 ). FA 18 (LB). saghait, Anecd. i 71 § 186 . rel. segtai, SR 2363 . segdai, 4253 . segtha, BDD² 1269 ( ségda, BDD 130 . segta, Stowe). With suff. pron.: segtait, SR 459 . ipv. 2 s. saig, TBC-LL¹ 665 , 1320 . nam-saich, ZCP vi 263.22 . 1 pl. sodham (= sagham), ZCP viii 222.11 . 2 pl. segaith-si, Anecd. i 4.17 (see Ériu xi 87 ). saigid, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.1 . subj. pres. 2 s. sasae (.i. ionnsaigh), Leb. Gab.(i) 282.7 . ni sáis , LU 3472 ( SCC 25 ). go só, L. Cl. A. B. 164.60 . See also below under I (b). go sóigh , 150.19 . 3 s. no-sa, Laws ii 256.4 (leg. ro-sa?). 3 pl. mana sasat , ZCP xiii 22.19 . subj. impf. 3 s. conná sásad , Sg. 62b2 . da soised , Metr. Dinds. iii 36.44 . Cf. also do shoisfedh , CF 109 (as condit.). 3 pl. no soisdis , Aen. 2067 . fut. 1 s. sesa, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . 3 s. siais, ZCP ix 455.24 . ni sia , ZCP xii 406.29 . nādasia, Cáin Ad. 31 . dá sia (used as subj.), Ó Bruad. i 112.17 . rel. sias, O'Curry 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44c ). ? sies, Brislech 16.166 . 2 pl. rosesaid, LU 1850 . pret. 3 s. siacht, LU 6259 (= dosīacht, TBC-I¹ 1759 ). siächt, ZCP viii 197.20 (disyll.). 3 pl. sīactatar, ZCP iii 43.5 . co siachtadur , Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . pass. pres. s. segar (rel.), Wb. 11a5 . segair, LU 10978 . ní segar , Ériu ii 208 § 32 . pl. segaiter, LL 293b18 = ZCP xi 81 § 17 (= saigethar, 93 § 26 . Cf. Hermathena xix 91 ). segtair (segdair, v.l.), IT iii 31.24 . segatar, ZCP xii 404.27 . subj. pres. dia sasar , Laws v 458.9 = O'Dav. 1469 . da sai[g]ter (soicher, v.l.), Fier. 104 . fut. s. siasar, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7b ). ? pl. sesaitir, ZCP xiii 378.7 . vbl. of necess. saigthi (q.v.). IGT Verbs § 91 .

Vn. 2 saigid (see also saige, saigin, saigthin).

I Trans.

(a) goes towards, approaches; seeks out, strives after: saigim gl. adeo, Sg. 217a3 . dorus . . . segdai máil, SR 4253 . ergnaid sui siacht sliucht cethruir who followed the track of the four (evangelists), ACC 91 ( RC xx 270 ). siachtum mórthochmarc maic dea dechtiri, LL 123b31 . siechtator Eigipt, Leb. Gab.(i) 278.8 . gomadh misi nodsoichfe isin maidin amaroch, ZCP x 277.24 . soich an rioghan, BNnÉ 319 § 16 . lann segar and the crown which is striven for gl. bradium (= bravium), Wb. 11a5 . segait ind firién inna fochaidi, Ml. 66b5 . saigid oirgniu, LU 3390 ( SCC 17 ). segair in chest isin tig the (answer to) the question is sought, LU 10978 . ní segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein `baptism is not sought' (i.e. on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 32 . ialla én find . . . segaid sasadh seek for food, Anecd. i 56 § 47 . sáer-ainm Sinna saigid dún `the noble name of Sinann, search it out for us', Metr. Dinds. iii 286.1 . ech mall moṅgach nach saig siliud, LL 45b20 (= siriud, RC xxxvi 263 § 21 ). cia seacht siecht sith gan eccla sought peace, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.12 . cend-drong filed . . . | saigtís dliged a ndála, Metr. Dinds. i 36.94 .

(b) reaches, attains : leanaid C. iad . . . cosiacht Cuanglaisi (as far as?), ZCP xiv 239.8 . ? ni soitheann an fairrgi a n-uilli, Anecd. i 50 § 22 . saghait iarsin inis n-ingnaidh they come to a strange island, 71 § 186 . a n-as sirem diib ni segat acht cubat `only attain (to the length of) a cubit', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . intī saighes secht crosa illō visits, ZCP v 498.17 . aseadh do bliadhnaibh nonsaigh the number of years that have reached us (= elapsed?), AFM ii 648.6 . do shoichdís a dhá láimh an talamh, Keat. ii 2237 .

Hence Mod.Ir. in phrase go soiche (lit. till thou reach) to, as far as, till: go soichi an bás, Mac Aingil 123.9 . go soighe an sgonnsa, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.14 . go só daghaimser, L. Cl. A. B. 164.60 . ón cind go soich aroile, BCC 188.28 . bhias ad choimhideacht go soiche abhal a bhfuil Grádh Dé, Desid. 370 . Note also: nochan faghadh M. . . . énní nach fora laimh dobheiredh go soiche a scáoileadh ar bhochtaibh for the purpose of distribution to the poor, BNnÉ 264 § 226 .

(c) attacks : segatar ratha radatar fleda fechatar catha, ZCP xii 404.27 . fessaitir catha, sesaitir slūaigh, xiii 378.7 . manim leict[h]er segaithsi ar eicin if I am not allowed in, attack by force, Anecd. i 4.17 . In proverbial expression: na sluaig na saiget segair hosts that attack not are attacked (i.e. attack is the best defence), SG 381.17 . mini saige saigfear ort, Cog. 124.20 . gach sluagh nach saigh saighfidher, Hugh Roe 46.17 .

(d) refers to, applies to: ni saig sís it does not apply (to the vb. respicit) below, Ml. 131a4 . issed saiges sís this is what it refers to below, Sg. 65b11 . ised saiges in sensso `darauf geht dieser Sinn', ZCP vii 481.8 ( Enchir. Aug. 73a ). súi co saidbri segtai rainn to whom quatrains refer (?), SR 2363 . This may also be the meaning in: mad for Tomás no shaided Ísu sech na hapstalu ar chena if Jesus referred to T., PH 6765 . dia ndíth fri slúagaib segair `from their destruction is the name mentioned among hosts', Metr. Dinds. iii 116.75 .

(e) s.¤ x for y applies x to y, sets x to work on y. Freq. in phrase s.¤ brot for plies the goad on, urges on: saigthis (= saigis) in t-ara brot for in n-echraid, TBC-LL¹ 670 . saig (saí, MS.) brot n-áig forsan echraid, MU² 252 . Note also: is seabac saer soighes | a eocho bo deas (of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2531 . With other objects: saigh-siu . . . th'aichni forro, . . . ité filet isdigh-sea in cōica ingen see if thou canst recognise them, ZCP v 502.1 . With i n-: gach fersa gabus tú díbh | . . . | . . . saigh ionnta t'inntleacht concentrate on them, BNnÉ 170.14 . roshoigh sí cóir chomhraidh air-siomh, BS 60.13 . saigidh si iomagalloim baoisi for an ngiolla, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.27 .

II Intrans. with prepp. With AS: sīactatar as for slēbib set out, ZCP iii 43.5 . ac faircsin uathu amach for scoraib na Rudullta batar a n-imshuidhi forro acht (┐, MS.) nosoisdis as in case they should issue forth (?), Aen. 2067 . ? ni sia nech mnai assa tigh, ZCP xii 406.29 . With co: o Ind síar saigit na fir | co tuind trebair trom-Thigir journey towards, LL 135b3 ( PRIA 1884, 232 § 21 ). co Cuanaig saigmít, Mór M. 8 . asna sostaib . . . cosa saiget, PH 6271 . With DO: da saiter don Fraingc (da soicher isin F., v.l.) `if I get to France', Fier. 104 . soidhfidh dhamh-sa fa dheireadh | . . . | an baothlaogh I shall obtain, DDána 80.29 . do sia duibhsi for seirc an Coimdedh it shall be yours, BNnÉ 326 § 44 (ro-saig?). With FOR: ní saig nech fair ┐ nī saigseom for nech he attacks no one and no one attacks him, TBC-I¹ 1797 . saigh fair, ar in drui, Anecd. ii 10.8 . segait for nert Fótla fia, LU 4327 . segait for gach leth do thabairt bō ┐ ban ┐ brat they set out, make a foray, ZCP iv 45.14 . saighis for an ngiolla ngle | 's ni ro saigh uirre an gille importuned, Leb. Gab.(i) 42.27 . With I: sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh a bitter salty stream rises to the eyes, ZCP vii 299.17 . ní shaigitt 'sa righe reil | Raghallaigh will not attain to the kingship, BNnÉ 285.25 . nī da roichedh 'na lāim clī | . . . | nocha soiched 'na láim deis (of generosity of Columcille), ZCP vii 304 § 13 . With LA: derb lé docheiled a col | da soised lé a fothrucod if she could succeed in bathing, Metr. Dinds. iii 36.44 . With SECH: saeigis secha urchar Ph. `shot past him', TTebe 3417 . ? epscop Ith átha fadat | sech na sluagu nár sagat, SG 389.37 . With TAR: ulcha . . . fair co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn sīs reached beyond, TBC-I¹ 2336 . sruth teintide . . . saigit . . . na fíreóin tairis get over it, FA 18 (LB = rosoichet, LU). soichfidh crú tar fraoch fuilt, ML 122.7 . With TRE: gach aen da soicfe tre sin cath uaib who can cut his way through this force, Celt. Rev. iv 10.17 .

III Legal.

(a) sues for, claims : a (= ó) ro siacht selb aithre, siasar comroind division shall be sued for, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7b ). cidh urradh . . . cidh anurradh, as e bes urrad aire, no sias anurradus, O'Curry 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44c ). dia sasar slanbrethaib .i. dia n-indsaigi tu, Laws v 458.9 , 18 Comm . Cf. O'Dav. 1469 . is iar sen suid for a techta `it is after this he sues for his right', Laws iv 176.6 . ni segar fir (= fír) tairis oppud noilliuch cen slan is not sought for (?), required (?), Anecd. iii 24.6 . is and sin siacht Fergus for a glinne arna bristé fír fer for Coin Culaind (`claimed of his securities', Faraday), LU 6259 = dosīacht, TBC-I¹ 1759 . is tú fer . . . saiges a chert do cech óen la Ultu, LU 8148 ( FB 11 ). intí dia ndligi fhiachu saig fair cach cumuṅg rotbé, LL 116b37 . co tart som grein ┐ esca na saigfed forro ni badh siriu would not make any further claims on them (would not attack them?), MacCarthy 396.12 . ? siaicht selb senathair, ZCP viii 306.31 .

(b) enforces, executes (a law): nach óen loittfis Chāin nAdamnān . . . nādasia ┐ nādacomallnathar (`shall not claim it'), Cáin Ad. 31 . ni segat na nadmanna sin, ar ni saigh naidm folta for feichemain, ZCP xiii 22.18 `betreiben', Bürgschaft 10 § 27 . sesa lat sa fair `ich werde ihn dann mit dir betreiben', 13 § 44 . iss ed saiges a naidm, Críth G. 26 .

Cf. ro-saig.