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1 serb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 serb or dil.ie/37211

 

Forms: serbaib

adj o, ā

(a) of flavour, bitter: frissa lind s.¤ in chúrsactha `with the bitter drink of the reproval', Wb. 7d9 . huare as s.¤ ┐ nad ṁbí ní du ailgen indi, Ml. 94c8 . fo thonda searba sāile, Ériu ii 26 § 9 . tuctha ubla serua dosam corusbennach iat comtar millsi, Lat. Lives 111.9 . níis seirbe gl. amarior, Ir. Gl. 1132 . sruth s.¤ saile i sūilib (of tears), ZCP vii 299.16 . cach biad . . . cona somillsi .i. narub searb, Laws ii 234.4 Comm . lossa serua in díthreba, PH 873 . ro-s-gab dig seirb hi crand crochi ar biad milis n-áilgen craind an imarbois, 2394 . deoch shearbh, DDána 3.21 . tairrngid teasbac na greine an cuid as [s]eime ┐ as millsi duisci na fairrgi suas . . . et facaid tis an rann is truime ┐ is reime . . . ┐ is serbhi, 42.12 . sioróipe searbha, TSh. 8195 . Of acid soil: an tuisci bis a talmain s.¤ an a mbi clocha sulfuir no ailimi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.19 .

(b) in abstract sense, bitter, hurtful, grievous, disagreeable: serbaib gl. amaris (gemitibus), Ml. 31c13 . sechip ed arabera biuth in duine is s.¤ les acht ro[b] bronach, 86d12 . tiachair ┐ s.¤ , 94c6 . snechta serba sírgnathchi, IT i 190.29 ( FA 30 , LB). s.¤ cach borb, Tec. Corm. § 13.13 . nidat úati slega serba, MU 401 . is s.¤ cach gnáth, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). rochísit cáoi s.¤ ina fīadnaisi, BColm. 96.6 . na trī mnā serbha siblacha sīdhe, ML² 1651 . felbas .i. fel-fes .i. fes s.¤ a fel dondī is fellis , O'Mulc. 509 . Cf. fealbhas .i. droichḟios, O'Cl. isat somilis fiad borbaib, at sérb imorro fiad ecnaidib, PH 4662 . bean ler shearbh a hiarraidh d'fhior, DDána 32.28 . an cás searbhso a bhfoilim `bitter plight', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 7 . féach gurab olc ┐ gurab searbh dhuit do Thighearna Dia féin do thréigean (amarum), TSh. 9481 . Adv. snaidfea na sluagu co s.¤ `du wirst die Schaaren bitter zerhauen', TFerbe 376 . bas-gaire co s.¤ écnech etuailngech, PH 394 . toibéchar fair co s.¤ ┐ co dichondirclech fa-deoid o Día, 4113 . Compar. maigen . . . serbiu ina neim, IT i 190.30 ( FA 30 , LB). adeirim-se gurab roisheirbhe easbaidh na glóire ioná í = maxime amarum, TSh. 6395 . Adv. int serbu gl. amarius (queri), Ml. 24c10 .

(c) of sounds, harsh, discordant : sgealparnach le téadaibh searbha, Tribes of Irel. 46.11 . Compar. is seirbhe ná an searbhán goirt | an duine bocht ag déanamh ceóil, Dánfhocail 25 .

(d) as subst. Of a warrior: fosropart in s.¤ slegrúad, SR 6778 . Of weather, harshness, bitterness : suidig sine s.¤ , RC v 201 § 20 .

Compds.

(a) with substantives: ¤airlech bitter slaughter : maidm nitha muáid nimṡlóig serbairlech, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.2 (`of bitter counsel', Glossary) = maidm netho mōith n-imdai slūag searbairlech, 12.16 . ¤chaer: searbhchaora na fíneamhna fiadhánta, TSh. 3329 . ¤charcar: iar serbcharcraib cuimrech, Fél. Oct. 15 . nīmreilce isin searbcarcair `the bitter prison' (of Hell), Ériu iii 30 § 17 . ¤chath: s. Slēbe Eblinne, Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 12 . ¤chlár: Manannán tar searbhchlár sáile, Hackett xl 270 . ¤chroch: iar serbchrochaib síraib, Fél. May 13 . ¤deug: tria shæbreacht shuain serbhdhighe, BB 392b28 = sirdige, LL 213b22 . geir go mblas seirbhdhighe sin, TD 37.2 . ¤dremm: s. i rechtaib rúad-mucc `a baneful drove', Metr. Dinds. iii 404.10 . ¤gábud: iar serbgáibthib gortae `after bitter dangers of famine', Fél. Dec. 2 . ¤gaeth: ceithre searbhghaotha iar slait Raoileann | . . . | tug ar laithibh gréine glas, DDána 110.19 . ¤glaedach: searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `harsh calling', TD 4.32 . ¤loimm: sergfait srotha serblomma the bitter drops of the streams (?), SR 8209 . ¤los?: rothecht Fergus filte, | do ṡerb-lus a ṡainte `crafty F. acquired land by dint of his bitter greed', Metr. Dinds. iii 300.30 (cf. a llos, de los). ¤lus hop : tá an searbhlus agus an bhraich caillte, GJ i 207a15 . ¤maíth bitter sorrow : missi sund os leptha tra | fri serbmaid fri sirguba, LL 192b50 . ¤ṡál, ¤ṡáile bitter brine : tar serbhshal, Caithr. CC 50 § 87 . ac ól a fola féin maille is in serbṡaile in glasmara, CCath. 2009 . ¤ṡrón sharp-pointed (?): mór senlaech sirduilech (?) serbsrón `sharpnosed (?)', 6027 . roboccbertaich-sium in sleig searbsroin `bitter-nosed', TTebe 3262 . isna seicneadhuibh sēitreacha searbhróna do ficheadh do chēin, CMT 502 . do mhionsad seinbhearn cēd isin chath ar comhair a chloidhimh ┐ slighe shearbhróin da sleaghaibh rompa, 819 (Ed. suggests reading slighidh searbhróin `he cuts a bitter track'). ? Cf. searbhrúan .i. searbhshráoineadh .i. briseadh searbh, O'Cl. ¤ṡruth: searbh-shrotha, TSh. 6628 . ¤thoirse bitter sorrow : bendaighthe lucht serbthuirsi, | biaidh sólás fá dheoigh aca, Ó Héodhusa 227.14 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤domain: eirgid ar in sáile s. amach, Acall. 6253 . ¤dúr: romessad ónd albín | tri chét sessar s., Metr. Dinds. iii 220.58 . ¤garg: cosin slóg serig s., SR 4758 . ¤glas: in sal s., CCath. 3351 . ¤goirt: bidh s. a n-aithrighi `bitter and harsh', Ériu iii 30 § 9 . oirfitiud s. cen cheol cen áinius, PH 8138 . co nguilet co serb goirt, IT i 191.23 ( FA 30 , LB). ¤lonn: Saúl slan s. sirthech, SR 6372 . ¤rúad: tres an saile serbruadh, Cog. 98.28 .

In an adj. derived from a compd. noun: serbglórach harsh-voiced : siansan serbglorach . . . na sruthann `harsh', Stair Erc. 784 . na trí mná sáobha siúbhlacha searbhghlóracha, ML 124.18 . eugosg serbhghlórach senmhná ag coimhéd an tobair, L. Cl. A. B. 4.1 .

(c) in vb. derived from compd. adj.: cor lobsat ┐ cor serb-goirtset a nétaige impu fri truma na hanbthine wasted away (?), LB 155a5 .