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1 tríath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tríath or dil.ie/41897

Forms: -a

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 95 (g s. -a). Given in Laws iv 344.2 as highest of twenty-six `titles of dignity.' lord, chieftain, king: trīath .i. rīg treime ethae īathae, Corm. Y 1198 . trīath rí didiu, trēith a rēim ... tīrsīth a taithmech, 1202 . orc tréith .i. nomen do mac ríg. triath enim rex vocatur , Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 . `t.¤' rígh go rogha ndealbha, Metr. Gl. 8 § 2 . `t.¤' ainm do cach tigherna, 9 § 2 . fri triath tailc taurgaib, BDD² 1041 . is t.¤ tailc tnuthgaile, LU 8960 . t.¤ ... is ainm dano do ríg, toísech na márthúath, Comp. CC 38 § 42 . 'moa raltais turu trēith, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . Oliuana, baigthi treith extolled by princes (?), SR 2499 . Iob trénfer derbtha treith, 6917 . t.¤ trethain co trumma thair a mighty lord of the sea eastwards, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.23 . bid hé do chomainm tréith tall, iv 228.27 . Temraig na t.¤ , 15 . ro-thairmcell triathu trét, ii 82.30 . dursan do thriath cen beith béo, ACL iii 305 § 1 . triath nembras (of Christ), Anecd. i 39.y . a tríath chuca ar cūairt ar sin, ZCP viii 116.10 . mór ríg ... mór t.¤ , TTr.² 1015 . o thriath na cceimenn ccadais (of the Pope), BNnÉ 283.32 . tréit ocus taisig, Cog. 160.7 . ro dílceand triathu Tiabandai, Alex. 72 . a fiadhnaise a dhā t[h]riath, ML² 1236 . a ua na dtriath ba tréine i dtreas, Dánfhocail 256 . ar sgáth fola Thriaith na Rann (of Christ), 200 . Lugh Lámhḟada, triath Teamhra, TD 6.15 . triatha ar tuisleadhaigh chieftains stumbling, TSh. 6610 . ba cara dósomh triath an tíre, AFM vi 1924.4 . As n.pr. Triath mac Feabail, Ériu xii 142.28 .

Meaning uncertain in phrase (n.pr. ?) torc, orc tréith, tríath (see C. O'Rahilly, Ireland and Wales pp. 120 - 122 ): orc trēith .i. ainm do mac rīgh: trīath enim rex uocatur. Ōenach n-uirc trēith .i. biadh ┐ ēdach lōghmar, etc., Corm. Y 1018 . i n-óenach tuirc thréith, RC xxvi 26.z . is aco robai torc triath .i. righ torcraidhi Erenn ┐ is de ata Magh Triathairne, BB 34b35 = is aca fós baoi Triath-rí-thorc ó ráidhtear Treitheirne Mumhan, Keat. i 218.18 . Cf. 2 tríath.

Compds. ¤aire chieftain: triur ... triath-airech, MR 152.12 . ¤ben princess: bean súd go dtréidhibh triathmhná, Aithd. D. 87.18 . ¤bla ?: ced Fiacha Scraptene imrá | triathbhla tailc threibe Temra, LL 132a39 . Fiacra fer na feili | cotgab triathblai ar trení, IT iii 57.16 . ¤buiden princely host: dar triathbhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 116.3 . ar ttocht dá triathbuidhnibh na timchell, AFM v 1574.4 . ¤buidnech having princely hosts: a thriathbhuidhnigh Fhuinn Fhiachuidh, DDána 63.11 . ¤chnoc princely height: ós tríathchnocc taulcháin Taillten, Ériu iv 96.6 . ¤chú noble hound: don triathchoin, DDána 118.12 . ¤eigre noble heir: don óigh mhaothainnre as treise ar a triathoidhre, Aithd. D. 72.11 . ¤luchtmar peopled with nobles: lúthrochtain dúine Dé an teaghlaigh thriathlachtmhair, Aithd. D. 76.20 . (?) ¤lám: .h. Tigernmais na triathlam, LL 17b34 . ¤lonn nobly angry: curaid ... triath-lonn, MR 182.4 . ¤luinne noble anger: re triath-luinne a trén-taisech, MR 184.3 . ¤onchonta having lordly standards (?): tor tenn t. taisech, Caithr. CC 6.z . ¤ruire noble king: madh áil a fhiafroighidh soin | do thriathruiribh cláir Cobhthoigh, L. Cl. A. B. 226.4 .