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2 fíada

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fíada or dil.ie/21893
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fiadan, —na, —ain, fíadha, fiadain

n n (earlier probably d, GOI § 330 , ZCP xlix-l 484 ), m. g s. p. fiadan, n p. —na and —ain. fíadha, IGT, Decl. § 6 . Later also fiadain.

(a) a witness; one who bears testimony: fiadain (gl. testem) Ml. 38d11 . curu cen fiadna contracts without witnesses Bürgschaft § 61 . rancatár ... co Úath ... ┐ fíadu o Budi leó, LU 9010 ( FB 76 ; `Führer ?' Wind., but from the context in this and follg. ex. it seems likely that the f.¤ accompanied the three champions who were to be judged by Uath in order to witness and vouch for their performance in the tests which might be laid on them). eircid co tech S. ... ┐ dogena for mbrethugud. lotar dó ... ┐ focertar fíadain leo, LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). innisit fiadhain witnesses relate AFM ii 962.8 . fear tairgille (.i. aighne), fiadha, fechium `advocate, witness, plaintiff' Laws i 288.21 Comm. forgellat fiadain coitechta indraice etarru `lawful and worthy witnesses bear testimony between them' ii 332.14 . dā fiadne, iv 4.5 Comm . tri fiadne leis ib. 11 . flaith ... toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain nā senchaide a lord who swears against the tenant a thing which neither eye-witnesses nor historians support v 360.7 Comm . cach fiadain a foirgell, Aib. Cuigni 10 ( ACL iii 226 . ZCP xvii 48 ). cach snaidm co fiadnaib, Aib. Cuigni 44 . foirgell o fiadnaib `testimony by witnesses' Laws v 366.12 . co n-imecla in Choimded ... is f.¤ da cech ḟuigell, PH 4155 . da mbet da ḟiadain ... oc a forgell, 3374 . gabaim in grian ina fiadain form, 2696 . gabaim nem ┐ talam 'na ḟiadnaib form, 2728 . bia pōsadh gan fiagain, ZCP x 50.10 . da chomgraid ... immeresnad cen fiadnae who dispute without witnesses Ériu vii 158.30 . tucc fiadhain o Dhia called God to witness BNnÉ 256.22 . Creud as mionna ann? Dia do thogbhail d'fiadhain ar an bhfirinne do bheith agad, Luc. Fid. 98.4 . Transf. of a thing: is e an la cetna bus fiadhu forgill ┐ bus íudic breithi etramsu ┐ Poimp it is the same day (of battle) that shall bear witness and decide CCath. 5060 (hence O'Cl.: fiadha foirghill .i. fiadhnaise follus).

(b) bearing witness; testimony: treōir fa foirglidi oc fiaduin, ZCP xiii 16 § 13 . ní mhairid chum fiaghain linn to bear me witness Oss. iv 176.12 . do réir ḟiadhain [sic] na n-eólach, TD 32.33 . go bhfiadhain d'eolchaibh maithe `as good sages attest' Content. v 113 .

(c) an escort or companion (?): co n-imeochadh einbhean Ere 'n-a haenar ... gen go mbeith fiadha aga forchoimed, MR 104.4 (or does this belong to 1 fíada ?). Cf. do chuiredar reisiment ... leis ... mar chungnamh ┐ mar fiadhain `as an assistance and force' Rel. Celt. ii 182.19 . mór ar ngredain is ar ngráin | mor ar fiadain ar fforgráin `great was our company' Duan. F. i 32.3 (leg. fedain ?). Cf. fíadan.

(d) owner; guarantor, custodian (? cf. 1 fíada): co ruc eocho ┐ aradu ┐ armgaisced a coceli leis co ránic Emain ... ┐ dorat dia fíadnaib fein iat, LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). ódchonnairc an creach ... iarna fosdódh, acht chena ní hé ba háil doibhsium acht gan a fágbháil aga fiadhnuibh, ALC i 572 - 4 = Ann. Conn. 1315.11 (cf. rucustar fein in creich leis ┐ nir aisicc da hurradaib hi ib.).