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2 for , far, bar, uar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 for , far, bar, uar or dil.ie/23273
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: FOR, FAR, BAR, BAR, BUR, BHUR, f-, b-

2 pl. poss. pron., nasal. Cf. 1 sar, sethar, fathar. See GOI p. 277 , 283 . No discrimination in use of FOR and FAR is apparent in the Glosses; BAR seems confined to position after the preps. DI, DO, FO, FRI, TRI, I N-, but the f- forms are also found in this position occasionally. In Mid.-Ir. MSS. all three forms are found with and without prep. but BAR, BUR (in modern spelling BHUR) eventually prevails. In Mid. Ir. MSS. the forms are commonly abbreviated : f-, b-.

I As poss. pron. preceding subst. your, of you , used to express both subj. and obj. gen. (Lat. vester and vestri), the latter esp. with vn. of trans. verb.

A Glosses : for, far : for n-ainm, Wb. 5a17 . for n-ires 13b19 . far mburbe, 19b8 . far foguirsi, Ml. 138a10 . for rí ... far tuad, 46a14 . talam for tiresi, 34a5 . tuidecht for ndochumsi, 53d9 . muriissi far ndochum, 34a4 . sonartnugud for cathrach, 68a15 . is toich dom far nguide to entreat you Wb. 9a13 . beith for menme and, 20b13 . far n-uili baullu 3b26 .

With dat. of apposition : airib far n-oínur `for you yourselves alone' Wb. 22d25 . fuirib for n-oínur, 14d17 .

After prep. : ni ar far n-astud it is not to detain you Wb. 10b14 . ni ar far n-arilliud, 23c24 . ar far foirbthetu, 27a1 . cen far ṅdigbáil `without causing loss to you' 24d15 . do far fírianugud, 3b27 . di far foirbthetu, 23d17 . di bar n-ícc 27c2 . hi far selbadsi, 8d26 . hi far ndergudaib, Ml. 20c1 . hi far crichaib, Ml. 115b10 . hi far cridib, 68a15 . íar far toimtinsi, Wb. 20a14 . oc far n-ingrim, 5d33 . tri far pecthu Ml. 115b8 . tre far fáiltisi, Wb. 23d16 .

bar : ni ar bar seirc `it is not for love of you' Wb. 19d27 . di bar n-iris, 25a30 . dobar célib, 25d8 . di bar n-ágsi, 25a3 . dubar ṅdēicsin, Ml. 82a7 . dobar coscsi, Wb. 9a19 . for bar mbídsi on account of you 23d11 . fri bar n-ícc, 24b3 . hi bar cumung, 5d32 . hi bar peccad, 20b13 . i bar foirbthetusi 25d6 . i bar tintúth, 19d17 . ocbar less, 25c16 . trebar n-imradud, 27a1 . trebar tabirtsi, 14c17 . tri bar nebcongabthetitsi, 9d24 . uabar fortach[t]aibsi, Ml. 83b10 .

There is an instance of both forms in the same sentence after DO : do far forcitlidib et dobar n-anamchairtib, Wb. 14a32 .

B Later MSS. : for mbetha, SR 1216 . for cressa for n-imthimchell your girdles about you 3916 . far ṅgabāil uili that you should all be captured 3568 . for mbith iarmui do A. 3498 (for construction see Dillon, ZCP xvi 346 ff .). for n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 (= bar ne. LB 110b56 ). for Cu Chulaind uccat that C. Ch. of yours LU 5735 . far n-eich ... far n-albi, TBC-LL¹ 4730 . for snīm-sa `care for you' CCath. 5148 . for ndibeirg, LU 6874 ( BDD 45 ). isat mó bar milidi at ániu far n-óclacha, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). ac digail bar ṅdenta ... ┐ bar cathrach, LL 225a24 ( TTr. 581 ). bar ḟiss no bar ngliccus, LB 110b53 . bar ḟírinde 69a17 ( PH 5964 ). bhar bhḟurtacht, Acall. 975 . bhur bhḟir, 976 (Lism.). bar triath ┐ bur tigerna, 5274 (Laud). bar ṁbeith i Temraig, 5299 (Laud).

With dat. of apposition: duibsi far nUltaib, LU 5093 (= uar nU., TBC-I¹ 608 ; in far nU., TBC-LL¹ 1190 ). in far nUltaib, ScM. 9 , LL.

After prep.: ar far mbēlaib, LL 252a15 . ar for miscais because of hatred of you CCath. 5130 . is follus as for ng[n]imaib, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). dar bfor n-amréir, SR 5534 . du for fogail, LU 3337 ( SCC 13 ). do for comruc, LU 5630 . cid tāthi dia for Coimdeid why do you annoy your Lord? SR 5530 (cf. PH 3408 below). fo far n-aursannaib, SR 3918 . for far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 . i far tir, BDD 45 Y (in far D.; in bar, LU 6875 ). infar ndegaid, BDD 12 Y (in ḟar D). in far cin in (requital for) your sin SR 3571 . in far cend, LL 228b43 ( TTr. 862 ). cf. nar lámhaibh `in manibus uestris' TSh. 8579 . bid aguibh inar ttempluibh, Luc. Fid. 211 . See Ériu xv Suppl. 60 (RSCl.). iar for n-adnacul, SR 4736 . iar for sētib, 3589 . ic for togáes, 1246 (= ga bar, LB 110b57 ).

bar: ar uar cend, ZCP viii 316.6 . ar bar sluagaib, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1585 ). do bar taig, SR 4829 . do bor mbrethugud, LU 8771 ( FB 57 ). da bar n-aes, LL 238b32 ( TTr. 1622 ). da bar reir si, LL 173b12 ( CRR 15 ). da bar ṅdeeib; da bar clandaib, PH 715 . 5786 . dia bar n-úid, 3408 . dá bar n-óid, 5963 . da bur faicsin, Acall. 6112 . nech da bur fēind, 5142 . dá bhar n-aire, TSh. 4762 . in bar cathraig LL 225a35 . 239a21 ( TTr. 590 . 1652 ). in bar n-agidsi LL 240b31 ( TTr. 1785 ). immó bar sróna ┐ immó bar mbeolu, LU 1775 (= imma bar, YBL 4b27 ). icabar n-athchumma, LL 238b34 ( TTr. 1623 ). ocabar n-aithcéod, LB 160b59 ( PH 2669 ). icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 (Laud). Cf. co for LU 5244 (H) = ca for, Eg. ZCP ix 140y . re bhar n-aithribh, Acall. 1383 (Lism.).

II In Mid. Ir. used also as pron. obj. of finite vb. replacing the O.-Ir. inf. pron. -b-, -dob-. See Strachan, Ériu i 158 ; 160 - 161 , and Contribb. s.v. .

(a) with simple vb., no particle being prefixed: for bia log you shall have the payment SR 1448 . messe for saera 4831 (= do bérsa furtacht foraib, LB 123a13 ). forbeir for nem, SR 2731 . is e far-saig who seeks you TBC-LL¹ 287 (= dobobsaig [sic] LU 4580 ). fortarraid Find Finn comes upon you unawares, Lige Guill 12 § 37 .

(b) With simple or compd. vb. after conj. or preverb: dan-far-gabat far cuir `if [?] your contracts hold you' TBC-LL¹ 2133 (the corresp. pass. in LU has manop gaib far [n]glinne, LU 5983 ). ? da n-for-tí if ... comes to you TBC-LL¹ 2794 (= ma dobí, LU 6603 ). ar náchbar accaister, LU 6889 ( BDD 48 = arnachab accastar Y). do-for-fua digal, SR 5487 . da-bar-ró in Cú will reach you TBC-LL¹ 592 (= dob ró, St). no-bar-benaid uile fóe 'attack yon fellow' LL ii 8335 , ZCP xlix-l 510 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe sib will delay you TBC-LL¹ 2090 (where obj. is doubly expressed). dobar-ngair [... gair v.l.] invites you RC x 64.8 . ni robar-fachlisem, ScM. 5 ( LL 112b8 ). ro-bur-fucc IT i 139.21 ( Eg. 1782 ). ro-far-cruthaigfe, LB 184az ( PH 6617 ). robar dimicnigsebair fen you have made yourselves of no account LB 184b2 ( PH 6618 ). robar n-élned ye have been polluted LB 173b19 ( PH 1707 ). in ead dobargnísi findbethach ? Alex. 960 . doforficba fer, LU 1213 . doforficfa foirit[h]in, CCath. 3579 . Cf. roborficba, LU 6834 ( BDD 39 , om. YDE).

With 3 s. cop. to express 2 pl., cf. O.-Ir. níb écen ye need not Wb. 16c7 ( GOI 269 ): bidfor coscraig ye shall be victorious SR 4706 . nifor n-intliuchtach ye are not discerning 1238 . nifor gliccu ... inda oen na n-anmanna ye are not wiser 1235 . nibur n-ēcnaigid Dé ..., nibfor cétludaig SR 4871 - 72 . narbar dúrcridig, 4842 . isabhar tocha ... innú sa, BNnÉ 325 § 43 . Cf. atabair ecen techt you must needs go LU 8097 ( FB 7 ). atabar glanasi ye are clean LB 51a50 ( PH 5262 ). abraid fris atfor n-aithrig that you repent Rawl. 132b29 = abraid is he bar n-aithrech, Ériu iii 140.175 .