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2 nád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nád or dil.ie/32915

conj. introducing subord. neg. clause that . . . not ; used occas. instead of 3 ná in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. ( Thurn. Hdb. § 853 ).

(a) after such words as a n-, in tain when, huare because, amal, etc. ; the interrog. particles in, cid why ? ; ní (neg.), and ar(a) introducing final clauses:

a-nnad fulngat when they do not bear (gl. non ferentia), Ml. 122a8 . in tan nád n-acastar when he is not seen, Wb. 25b28 . in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, SR 1193 (= nad mbí?). huare nad ndigni A. a chomairli because A. did not follow his counsel, Ml. 23b10 . huare nad tarat digail, 91a21 . amal nád n-airigther, 30a3 . amal nád ṅdéni neutur, Sg. 63a17 . innád cualaid-si ? have ye not heard ? Wb. 5a21 . ní nád ṁbed di chorp not that it is not of the body, 12a22 . arnad ris iffernn that I may not go to hell, Hy. vi 20 (arna v.l.). arnad bet ar maigib rédib, TBC-LL¹ 553. With cop. : amal nát anse dúib as is not hard for you, Wb. 17c11 . cid natat sláin ind huli ? why are not all saved ? 28b1 . cid dait-siu nád bod [= bad] latt curadmir Emna Macha ?, LU 8140 ( FB 10 ; the use of nád before a b-form of cop. is exceptional).

Cf. further : is airi nad gaibtir leu, Hib. Min. 7.234 . olsodain nad maith fri Cirine, ib. 235 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair there is nothing on which my law does not touch, Sg. 26b7 . Taking the place of a preceding neg. conj. : meni digset ammach ┐ nad anat i fos (= if they neither go nor stay), TBC-LL¹ 429.

(b) introducing noun-sentences explanatory of some preceding word or obj. of a vb. of saying, perceiving, etc. :

(haec verba) .i. nad n-ersoilcfitis na doirsea, Ml. 46a19 , cf. 38d4 . isindí nad creitid in that ye believe not, Wb. 1d14 . ar indí nad biat etir inasmuch as they do not exist, Sg. 39a25 . as riagoldu leosom nad ṁbíet cid int ṡuperlati, 40b14 . asbeir . . . nad mbí ciall la nech, Ml. 50d1 . asberat-som nad ndignet inna degnimu, 56b15 .

(c) exceptionally in consecutive clause (= co ná) : ra díscaíl F. in trichait cét . . . nad boí coiciur díb i n-oenbaile so that not five of them were together, TBC-LL¹ 450 = cona boi, St. See also 3 nád.