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3 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ó or dil.ie/33366
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: au, aue, úae, ai, n-óe, aui, áui, huí, óu, ó, uoe, ō, auo, óe, oi, hóe, óa, oa, oi, auaib, aíb, óeib, uif

n s, n. O.Ir. *au. g s. ind aue , Corm. Y 149 , cf. 54 . úae, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). ? ai, Auraic. 4649. d s. i n-óe , LU 3709 ( SCC 33 ). aui, Corm. Y 662. ar áui , 44 . o huí , LU 7287 ( BDD 94 ). óu, ZCP xiii 373.6 . a s. fria ó anair, Corm. Y 44. co úae, LU 7276 ( BDD 93 = uoe, BDD 909 ). n d. dā n-ō , Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93.19 ). da auo , 414 = dí óe , Corm. p. 15. da n-óó, RC xi 436 . n p. oi, Corm. Y 414 (= hóe , Corm. 15.1 ). óa (disyll.), 419 ( Anecd. iv 34 z ). oa, LL 248a31 ( TBFr. 20 ). O'Mulc. 190. ? a p. oi, LL 287a8 . d p. auaib, LL 249a9 . aíb, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). óeib, TBC-LL¹ 5948. uif, Anecd. iii 54.4 . In Mid.Ir. occas. treated as fem., see exx. below. Often confounded with .

An ear ; early obsolete and confined to heroic lit. and poetry.

(a) in literal sense: o (.i. cluas), Auraic. 1228 . ó [éo v.l.] cluas, Metr. Gl. Ff. 40. Lec. Gl. 213. co heo .i. co cluaiss, ib. 275 . imm ó (.i. im chluais), LL 208a9 ( IT i 162.4 ). ara .i. ar áui .i. fria ó anair, Corm. Y 44 (i.e. the temple is in front of the ear). andord ela, inmain aui (: coi) sweet to the ear, 662 . Cf. Bruchst. i § 157 . tri luirg fíacal o huí di arailiu, BDD 94. secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo, Ériu iv 26.9 . di cluais mo dhá ó the hearing of my ears, ZCP vi 258.15 . ? ó Chorc ó gcorcair `of the purple ears', Content. v 119 (ó, í gCorcaigh MSS.). Of animals: ó ó go erboll (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 6159. for hoib na mbo, Ériu ii 20 § 1. ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ), cf. gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib [leg. uas aíb] ┐ análaib, 9294 . uasa uif na n-ech, Anecd. iii 54.4 . da n-o phill, ITS v 112.25 (a proverbial term of disparagement), cf. dá ó phill ar La- bhraidh Lorc, Keat. ii 2697.

(b) angle or tip or corner of a quadrangular garment: delg óir . . . i n-óe cecha brec- lenni, LU 3709 ( SCC 33 ). conaccai side oi dia brutt forsin tṡnechtu, LL 287a8 (the wearer is nearly buried in snow). cetheora oa dubglassa for cech brutt, 248a31 ( TBFr. 20 ). Cf. brat corcra . . . cona ceothoraib oraib [leg. óaib?] ōir fair, IT ii 177.92 ? cet[h]re heo corccra for gach brut. mbrotgha arga[i]t ina mbrutaib, IT iii 238.99 . gebuid eó do chochuill . . . gabuis ói a cochuill, Ériu v 120.15 , 17 .

(c) angle or corner of a shield: gebid [Conchobar] scíath ra sciath and .i. ra Fergus mac R., .i. in n-óchain Conchobair cona cethri óeibh [hóaibh, heoibh, heouibh v.l.] óir ┐ cona cethri sethrachaib (do) derggóir . . . Gia ro boí da threisi . . . ra búail F. a sciath bar C., ra boí da chalmacht . . . ra choṅgaib C. in sciath, connā ra chomraic ó in scéith ra hó Conchobair cid itir, TBC-LL¹ 5981 - 5990 = conár comraic ó fri hó an sceith, St.; a aó fri hó in sceith, H; a eo fria heo an sgiath, Add. Windisch takes the last sentence to mean that C. held his shield so firmly that its `ó' did not touch his ear; the variant readings seem to imply that both com- batants attacked each other with their shields. Cf. TBC2 3580 : ind Ochain . . . cetheora benna ōir fair , and Ériu iv 28.4 : ind Ochoin Chonchobair . . . cethri imle óir impe (i.e. rims). cindu fer for óeibh sciath, TBC-LL¹ 5948 (= óaibh, St. H., comhribh, Add.).

(d) part of a chessboard ; corner : clár findruine . . . co cetheoraib auaib ┐ uilneib óir, LL 249a9 ( TBFr. 91 ) = auip, ZCP iv 35.18 ; perh. rings or handles for lifting. ní roind dath 'na róidh méith au (MS. ní randath na roidhmethau) the colour in their fat does not stain red a corner (?) ZCP xxix 186 .

(e) part of a pitcher or vessel for liquor (an ear or curved handle?): dabach .i. de-uach .i. dā auo fuirri, ar ni bitis oi for na hēnaib ar tus, Corm. Y 414. dabach arcait . . . escra ōir ar a óu, ZCP xiii 373.6 ( B. in Scáil § 6 ) = for a ur, iii 459.24 . m'o-sa fri hoo na derba, o na derba frisin ngrian, Ériu v 36.3 . teighed mh'orda dar oe mair in bledhi isin fin `over the edge of the cup', Lism. L. 4419.

Compds.

(a) with adj. in sense having . . . ears : ¤derg: bó find audercc, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 . bó . . . hóderg, MacCongl. 113.9 . i rriocht samhaisci finne óderge, TBC-LL¹ 2293. secht cét ṁbó óiderg, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.55 . seacht mba ódhearga, ML 4.9 . Of a shield (see c above): ar a sgéith uaine ódheirg, Duan. F. i 3.5 . ¤find: d s f. oifinn (of a cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.10 . ¤mór: ar da n-echaib . . . ómair, TBC-LL¹ 3377. See also óchain.

(b) with subst., qualifying the latter: ¤brat (eobrat) m. a headpiece, helmet (cf. Ériu xvi 202 ): obhrat [óbrat, eobrat v.l.] bá hainm do chenbhor, Metr. Gl. Ff. 35. Cf. eobhrat .i. ceanbhar, O'Cl., and eobarr. ¤cuimrech n.: auchuimriuch [eo comrach, Eg.] n-óir mo [leg. i n-ó] chach fir `an ear-tie', BDD 119 (perh. = ó-nasc). ¤nasc an ornament attached to the ear (? ear-ring ): aunasc .i. nasc aue .i. ōrnasc nobid im c[h]luasaib na saorchland, Corm. Y 54. ¤nascach f. ear-rings (coll.)? ind únascach órdai no túidmenta do chluais na n-ingen iarna mbreith, PH 5717.