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3 nád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 nád or dil.ie/32916

neg. adv.

(a) used before a vb. or with copula in negative answers repeating the vb. of a preceding question ; prob. orig. the conj. 2 nád. `In ra gaib na comai sin ?' `Nad ra gaib écin', TBC-LL¹ 1743 = nir gap, St. `In fetair-seo cia fath . . . ?' `Nad edar-sa ōn om', TBC-I¹ 2223. With cop. : `Inn é Cormac sút ?' . . . `Nad é om', TBC-LL¹ 176. `Nach tussu darrecoisc ?' . . . `Nad me omm', 1104 . `In dóig inar tised C. . . . ?' `Nad dóig ém', 815 . With ro- forms of cop. nár is used : `Dóig arnar tísad C. . . . ?' `Nar dóig omm', TBC-LL¹ 835 , cf. 832 .

With a different vb. from that of question, esp. in formula : nád ḟetar I do not know : `Ga fíach sút ra imráid ?' `Nad ḟetar' bar F., TBC-LL¹ 2987 = ni, St. `In facca-su nech d'Ultaib . . . ?' `Nad ḟetar-sa ém', 4251 . Similarly in expressing refusal or dissent: `Airisiu sein innocht dún, a ócláig !' . . . `Nad anéb om ale', TBC-I¹ 1861 (= nad anaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2515 , ni anab, St.). `Dobér seotu dit.' `Nad gēb-sa on', 1335 . `Rom-[m]airc-se ón em' ar in gilla, `darochar deside . . . . `Nad bia etir, a gillai' ar C. `ar ní gonaim aradu', TBC-LL¹ 1416 ; `ich werde dich nicht erschlagen', Windisch ; ? it will not be (happen).

See also 1 náde.

(b) exceptionally used instead of ná in prohibition : nad raid-siu sin, a meic ! say not so, TBC-LL¹ 1054. Cf. nad clechta err oencharpait do imluad ar m'ési, FB 35 ; a prohibitive sent. with subj. ? but perh. rel. referring to preceding : hi cocrichaib, see 1 nád (c).