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3 oil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 oil or dil.ie/33651

Forms: oile

n f. also oile, in phrase o.¤ i n-úir; acc. to IGT Dec. § 14.4 , oil i n-úir is the correct form, whereas oil a dég (oil dhég) `eleventh' is incorrect; but in § 3.12 oili a n-úir (oile n-uir v.l.) is given beside oile dég; see also exx. 673 , 175 , 229 . The word seems = Mid.Ir. ail `rock'; o.¤ i n-úir a large stone or pillar stone(fixed) in the ground, either as a tombstone, or a memorial or witness (cf. Genesis xxviii 18 , xxxi 51 , 52 ) ? In Laws iv 140.23 Comm. : cad iad caithge aile? A n-asdadh it sheilb cene fola aile a ṅ-uir ┐ rathus a ime fort iarsuidiu (`what are the trespasses of stakes? To retain them in thy possession with- out sticking them in the ground, after which thou art responsible for the fence', transl.), a passage evidently corrupt, aile appears to be g s. of ail `stone' depending on a noun governed by the prep. cen, and the sense may be: `without . . . of a stone in earth', i.e. a witness-stone (or mere-stone?).

In follg. exx. used of a gravestone: imdha o chnuc Laithrigh ille | fert is oil a n-uir uaibse `many's the grave and tombstone(set) in the ground through thee', Quiggin,Prolegomena p. 28 n. 1 . oil i n-úir do dhéanamh ┐ leachtán cloch do dheanamh ós a cionn, TSh. 10510 (o.¤ anúir MSS.).

In follg. exx. fig. of a memorial, witness, standing proof (esp. of someth. which stands against a person; `a skeleton in the cupboard', Dinneen ): tú ó shin it oile i n-úir `ever since thou art a memorial' (witness against man? of the Cross), Dán Dé iii 14. fuil na slabhradh . . . mairg ar a dtá a hoil i n-úir `woe to him against whom stands that memorial', xxvii 6 . oisgéalaidh [Sé] croidhe a chléibh, taisbéanfaidh an oile i n-úir, A. Ó Dálaigh v 9 . goin an taoibh 'na hoile i n-úir (i.e. Christ's wounds bear witness against us), viii 5 . ní breath oile as déanta dhúinn | fa oile i n-úir créachta an [chígh] I can make no other resolve in the face of the testimony of Thy wounded breast, xxxiv 6 . Cf. xxix 7 . mar oil i n-úir an uilc do bhi ann, TSh. 9786. ná bí réd chathrachaibh dhúinn | ní fhuil ionnta acht oil i n-úir | do chuimhne ar ghabháltas nGall | sochar d'Éibhear ní dhéanann, Content. vi 31 (the allusion is to v 107 , where Corcach, Port- láirge and Luimneach are vaunted as signs of the power of E.'s race, whereas they were really founded by Norse in- vaders; talk not to us of your fortresses! they are only a standing memorial of the invasion of foreigners, [to mention them] does no service to E.'s cause?). ni sgaramar d'ar ngail ngūir | gur c[h]laidemar aile n-ūir, | gor thōgsamar tri rátha, ML², Med. & Mod. Ir. Ser. ix 2082 , cf. 1107 fg.