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1 macha , machad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 macha , machad or dil.ie/31192

 

Forms: macha, machaid, machada, machaide, machad, machada

n m. Declension doubtful: g s. macha , machaid; pl. machada, machaide. Treated as neut., LL 160b 39 : machad ṁBrigte (n s.).

An enclosure for milking cows, a milking-yard (or field?), often used in connexion with 1 lías. ro ṡáidset fir hErend less ┐ machad dia n-almaib, TBC-LL¹ 1594 (= liasa ┐ machaid, H 2.17 ). dober-sa cach bó . . . ca lias ┐ ca machad, 4757 . ic tiachtain ar ammus a liss ┐ a léis ┐ a machaid, 1539 . machad, Auraic. 5727 (possibly name of some agricultural implement). o macha co macha , RIA 23 Q 6 p. 4 a ( O'Curry 1601 ). pl. connacatar . . . na liasa ┐ na machada , Lism. L. 1908. do denam thíghí ┐ lias ┐ machad, 1899 . aite na mmachad (of cattle-yards in a camp), CCath. 2998. machuide geimridh . . . machaide samraidh, H 5.15 p. 2 a ( O'D. 1557 - 8 ). selb macha (i.e. proof that an animal claimed as stolen has been reared in one's own homestead): issiat so na tri selba .i. seilb m.¤ , Eg. 88, fo. 4d ( O'Curry 2166 ) = selb machaigh, H 3.18 p. 160 ( O'Curry 291 ).

2 Macha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 Macha or dil.ie/31193

 

Forms: Maichi

npr. f. one of the three war-goddesses of the Tuatha D.D., daughter of Ernmas and sister of Badb and Morrígu (sometimes identified with the former). tri ingena . . . oc Ernmais .i. Badb ┐ M.¤ ┐ Mórrigu, LL 10a42 . Maucha ingen Ernmóiss, RC xii 100 § 133. Badhbh Mácha ┐ Móirríoghan a dtrí baindée (sc. of the Tuatha D.D.), Keat. i p. 218 . g s. fri morbuaid Maichi (Mache LU), TBC-I¹ 1027. mian Macha , 3472 = TBC-LL¹ 5799. ? Cræbruad Concob[air] . . . asa tegedh macha imach, IT iii 47 § 79 , cf. 20 § 57.

Also interpreted as a royston crow: machæ .i. badb no asi an tres morrigan, unde mesrad Machæ .i. cendæ doine iarna n-airlech, O'Mulc. 813 = maiche .i. bodb . . . unde mesrad maiche, H 3.18 p. 82b ( O'Curry 150 ). Macha .i. badhb no feannóg, O'Cl. mach (macha) `a Royston crow or rather a magpie', P. O'C.

3 Macha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Macha or dil.ie/31194
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Machai, Macha, Mache

f.: g s. Ardd Machae, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 116.10 . Mache (: sathe), Fél. 126.20 . ad s. Machi, PTBA 116.13 , 122.29 . In n.l., the plain surrounding Emain Macha and Ard Macha, used elliptically for both.

(a) = Ard Macha (so called from Macha wife of Neimed, Dinds. 94 , Keat. i p. 176 ). Latinized Machia, Ardm. 15b1 ( Trip. 330.22 , Thes. ii 269.22 ). céin bess M.¤ fo thoraibh as long as Armagh shall be under princes, Trip. 154.8 , cf. 480.20 (see K. Meyer, RC xxxiii 95 ). a d s. ro bennach P. . . . in Machai , 236.13 , cf. 174.21 , 226.5 . don Machai, 228.4 . do Mache, Hy. ii 45 , 49 . fail and á fiacail Patraic assin Macha búadaig báin, LL 370b25 = as Ard Macha máil, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 9. g s.Macha , Keat. ii 1860 (poem).

(b) = Emain Macha , the royal seat of king Conchobar m. Nessa ; the name is ascribed in one legend to M. wife of Cruinniuc (Crunnchu, Cruinn), see Windisch, K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. 1884 p. 366 (from Harl. 5280), YBL 211b40 , ZCP xii 252 ; in another to m.¤ Mongruad daughter of the High-king Aed Ruad, see LL 20a46 fg. ( MacCarthy 182 n.6), Keat. ii p. 152 ; both legends are told of Ard Macha in Dinds. 94 ( RC xvi 45 ). rí Macha (i.e. Conchobar), CRR 22. rí milis Macha , MacCarthy 166 § 5. Prob. also in Líath Macha , the name of Cuchulainn's steed, TBC-LL¹ 4715. g. Léith Mache , 514 .