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Cite this: eDIL s.v. air or


conj. see 2 ar.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. air- or


Forms: airard

prepositional prefix meaning before, for but later also with merely intensive force e.g. airard very high. Also occurs as er- (which in some cases may be for 2 ér- q.v.) ir- aur-, ur-, see GOI p. 497 . For the various compounds see separate articles below.

camáir, -aír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. camáir, -aír or


Forms: camháir

n f. Form and infl. variable. camháir g s. -e f., IGT Decl. § 42 (acht don chamháraigh, -dh, v.l.) dawn, daybreak : isin camhair, IT iii 104.2 . issin chamair chetṡamain, LL 17523 = Rawl. 76b15 . 'sin chamair chain, SR 6323 (= Lat. camera, Gloss.). san chamair `at daybreak', Fen. 284.15 . san chamoir (: mōir), 292.20 (Lat. camera, Ed.). camhair (maiden, v.l.) so, coisccidh bhar cceol, Irish Texts iii 10 § 10 . go camhair all night, Ériu iv 60 § 51 . ar camháir (: gabháil), LBranach 6604 . ar chamháir (: ḟagháil), IGT Decl. ex. 2058 . ar cinn chamhárach (: ḟolámhach), ex. 1195 . ar chamhaoir (: gaoibh), LBranach 6604 n. brath ar cheanoibh camhára `triumphs on each morrow', O'Hara 129 . camhaeír (: d'anaeíbh), B. Fermoy 160a1 cited Duan. F. Glossary s.v. cam[h]áir . dallchiach na camháire, Hugh Roe² 62.5 . ar chéad bhlosgadh na camhaoireach, O'Gr. Cat. 219.y . bídís réulta a camhaoire dorcha `twilight', Job iii 9 . isin finncamaraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 102.29 .

In n. loc.: Abha camhaoireach `Morning-star river', Oss. iii 303 n.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-air or
Last Revised: 2019


v (3 airid) ploughs (together): co conebrad, co sílfad, co chobibsad fir Érenn 'how shall the men of Ireland plow? How shall they sow? How shall they reap?', CMT² 68 § 160 . Vn. comar.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. es(s)air or


Forms: easair, easair

n f. (abstr. of as-ser-n-)


(a) strewing, litter ; applied to straw or rushes used for floor-covering, bedding , etc.: easair ` litter for cattle, also a strawpallet ' P. O'C. `the bed of corn-sheaves laid on the barn floor to be threshed is also called easair' J. Fleming (RIA slips). aín nua dia essair new straw for covering it (a wall) Laws iv 314.7 . dīrech n-airidi, noes nua dia esair the stripping of a dais, new straw (?) to cover it 314.3 (wrongly punctuated in edn.). ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barrglas ┐ essair urárd úrluachra litter of fresh rushes TFerbe 66 . conaca dairthach fo lán-essair glain, LL 286a42 . The ex.: in tan do síned in beist a bragit cosin n-esair, FB 57 may belong to (2), but the meaning bedding would not be out of place. Of lining for a grave (?): ro hadnacht cen esair, Metr. Dinds. iii 114. 71 (see note p. 499 ib.).

(b) of things strewn about in disorder, an untidy litter, a mess: ro athchuiredar a n-airm ...┐ a cathberti...gurba hesair uathmar urscailti...cach laemluirech ┐ láighnead ┐ lebar-sciath ro ḟá cert-lar na cath-laithrech sin, MR 314 y . re himad na n-easrach n-uathmar n-urscailti, 316.18 . Cf. o thictís a hesair áin, Metr. Dinds. ii 78.14 , where reading áig (with another copy) we might render (slaughter-)heaps of battle.

(2) food, meat (the origin of this sense is obscure; some exx. suggest dismembered carcase which is on the whole the most likely; the transl. dish would usually suit, but unless the word is here a distinct one this cannot be an early meaning, but may be a later development): esair bidh do roind do cách (one of the labours permitted on a Sunday), O'D. 1950 . aighe do tuit don easair itir da tech a joint which fell from the meat [the dismembered carcase? or the dish?] (when being conveyed) from house to house Laws ii 234.7 Comm. (Unterlage ZCP xiv 346 x ). ro fiafraig in ba herrlamh in esair, Lism. L. 1060 (referring to a carcase of beef; the sentence corresponds to: narb ullamh cuid na meithli, BCC § 212 ). Cf. Cu C. trén a gach mbeirn a bhuille | baoi ar n-easoir aicce go cian | nior chomhraic a lamh ria riamh, 24 P 5, 79 = bai in esair aici co dian, Acall. 1118 ( Cú C. doroinded biadh, 1115 ). Here also, perhaps: gleic fán easair fhalaimh, Dánfhocail 158 = O'Gr. Cat. 617 , where dish makes better sense than O'Gr.'s rendering `kennel;' eser, q.v., seems to be a distinct word.

COMPD. ¤chosairt trampling, stamping: ro craith in sliab...risin n-esarchosairt doroine in fer...dia chossaib ┐ dia lámaib, Mer. Uil. 77 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. toc(c)air or


x see tocraid.