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1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', MacCongl. 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. ACL iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd. D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muinteraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

2 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithnid or dil.ie/2762
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid, aithintigid

v (2 aithne). Also aithnigid, aithintigid. Replaces earlier ad-gnin, q.v. IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) knows (usually of a process rather than a state), comes to know, realizes, understands: inti nach aithnenn amail gebtar in athgabail, Laws i 84.25 Comm. ni aicnebhad . . . nech a dliged fein, 156.5 Comm. = ní aichénadh, O'D. 505 ( H 3.17, 410 - 411 ). ? seoit ag na haicinter lacht ┐ gnimrad, iii 380.16 Comm. `? `seds' from which there is no expectation of milk . . .', Plummer MS. notes. atiur-sa breithir nach raichnea . . . sluag acallma Ulad that you cannot know (= will not find) a host to equal the U., TBC-LL¹ 5087 . bail . . . i n-aichenad in lín do rigaib . . . rogenfed uait, Aen. 1429 . nir' aithned dia sloghuibh beith for eilifaintibh riam co sin `riding on elephants had not been known to', Marco P. 115 . anois aithnim an t-iul díreach, DDána 25a.24 . ? gnāth a gnato .i. ēolchaigim nō aichtigim (for aichnigim?), Corm. Y 706 .

(b) recognises, knows (i.e. at sight, immediately) (person, thing etc.): corom aichnistar iaraim, LU 3674 ( SCC § 32 ). in aithnechta madh cethea in iaraidh sin?, ZCP v 501.33 (= inn-dathgnitae, IT i 144.21 ). aithéontar misi let mar sin you will recognise me, Ériu v 184.379 . dia n-aichintigtís a ecosc, TTr.² 1663 . ni haithenntaigi iat sech aroile, Stair Erc. 1817 . do athain C. guth an pecthaigh, BNnÉ 152 § 20 . da fechain an aitheonadh an Papa a legend fen, ZCP x 236.14 . rabhad rogaisi d'ógaib aichénus `a warning of wisdom to the youths who will recognise it', MR 302.14 . an ro athinset lucht na cille dia ccrudh `such part of their cattle as the people . . . were able to recognise', AFM iii 288.15 .

With AR introducing characteristic or mark by which something is recognised: trí ara n-aichnider cech fergach, Triads 188 . ar Thadhg aithintear gur fhíor / sgéala an draoi, Aithd. D. 10.21 . aithnimíd ar a siobhal iad, Desid. 1844 . aichnid fora eirread co mba filid, FDG 595 .

(c) recognises, perceives, notices (a fact, state of affairs): ra rímit ┐ ra harmit ┐ ra achnít cor batar cutrumma it was realized that they were equal, TBC-LL¹ 69 . in firinde aithnighit na baoith . . . ┐ na gaoith, O'Dav. 156 . ní aithnim fós go bhfuair mé / síothcháin, Dán Dé xvii 31 . gur aithneas t'olcas d'fhior chumainn `till I saw how evil a companion thou wert', Dán Dé xix 10 . baoghal orm-sa má aithnionn `if he see me in danger', Content. ix 29 . éagcóir do haithneadh oraibh it is clear that you have suffered injustice, DDána 68.6 . vn. (from aithnigid): do chuindchid na cenn dia n-aithniugud, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 54 § 10 . mar is āil leat a thuigsin agas a aithniughadh, Carswell 1249 . do chum thusa dhā aithniughadh, 2582 . is é fundameint, agus tossach na muinigin is jonchurtha jn n’Dia é féjn aithniughadh?, Adtimchiol 3 § 14 .

3 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aithnid or dil.ie/2763

(2 aithne)

I As adj. known, acquainted, familiar. In attrib. use: bean aithnidh, IGT Decl. § 170 . an t-aos aithnidh acquaintances, Dán Dé xxv 12 . ret éigeas n-aithnidh, Aithd. D. 40.17 . éol aithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1299 . In pred. use: nitat achinti indiu ar ro chloemcoiset [a n-] anmand, LU 65 . Note also: rob aithnidh eólach etorra, Hugh Roe² 26.8 `he was a familiar acquaintance among them', Gloss. Superl. gidh tú as aithnighe i nÉirinn, DDána 101.38 . With DO: na bad achnid do Choin Ruí . . . tuarascbála Ulad would C. R. not know, MU² 518 . a.¤ dam eich na féinne, SG 100.11 . nirbh' aithnigh disi Art gur ba lendan dí é she did not know that A. was her lover, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 . Note also: do bhí an deisgiobal sin aithnidh don easbog, TSh. 3204 . Of carnal knowledge: nírbh aichnid dhi fer romham, SG 5.17 . Compar. ni haic[h]enta damh . . . ina daib fein, CCath. 5169 . Adv. co h-aithnidh inntlechtach expertly, ML² 684 .

II As subst. one who is known, acquaintance, friend: ni boi cara no aichnid doibsium innte acquaintance, LB 142a39 . etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid both known and unknown (persons), PH 4152 . sochaide dia aichintib fen, Aen. 1329 . tuccsat aic[h]ne for aighthib na n-aichenta, CCath. 5557 . cuid da n-aithentoib, Aisl. Tond. 111 § xvii 1 . ? is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC § 43 ).

Perh. in sense of aithne in: da inadh ar aithnit duinn ar talmain = duo in terra loca esse novimus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.4 .